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March 13, 1957 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1957-03-13

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* yr 3iry1iyrn Paig
Sixty-Seventh Year

Report From Behind The Golden Curtain

"When=Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevai"

Proessors Beethoven,
Porter Superlative
DESPITE RECENT clamor about a revival of chamber music, re-
newed interest in native opera, and official attempts at a dissemina-
tion of our musical culture through educational and governmental
channels, one fact about the American scene remains unalterable: our
society.does not support its musicians. True, Satchmo and "Porgy and
Bess" were subsidized to tour abroad; and we sustain half a dozen or-
chestras and the more illustrious star performers. But indigenous mu-


Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints'
Samson and the UN:
Eyeless in Gaza
Ask for this great deliverer now, and find him eyeless in Gaza.. .
-Milton, Samson Agonistes

HE UNITED NATIONS Emergency Force is,
in some sense, like Samson's; strong but
blind. It should be able to keep Gaza free from.
the turmoil created by both Egypt and Israel,
but because of its avowedly pacifistic purpose
must retain a certain amount of neutrality.
Under pressure of world opinion. Israel agreed
to pull out of the strip, which belongs to the
Egyptians on condition that she would be safe
from Egyptian invasion. Now, not content with
this concession (which he was unable to obtain
without outside help), Nasser has moved in to
administer Gaza. .
He has the legal right to do so, as he had the
legal right to nationalize the Suez canal last
But as the Arab-Israeli struggle presently
stands, it seems doubtful that such an action
can lead to anything but, at best, guerilla raids
by both sides. At worst, the situation is explo-
sive enough to preface war.
UNEF'S POSITION is a precarious one. It
must either sit back and watch Egypt take

over, or try to talk her out of it, on grounds
that she is leaving herself open for future Israeli
With Nasser's record for ignoring world
opinion and fostering fanatic nationalism,
mediation probably will not be effective. Egypt
is very eager to demand her rights, but not so
quick to make the concessions that might avert
The only real weapon the UN has is a ready
smile and friendly handshake for all, and a
let's-sit-down-and-talk - this - thing - over atti-
tude. Few nations are far enough along in
maturity to cooperate. So the UN remains
potentially strong in common sense, but actually
weak in terms of today's power politics'
The question seems to be whether nations can
grow up to the ideals on which the UN was
founded, or whether the UN, because of its
inability to match in military might the nations
it wishes to influence, will crumble.

7 . ' - "Z t t ' I''i

sic does not thrive. Nowadays a
serious musician does not live from
his art but from his Job as a
The excellent performance of
the Stanley Quartet last night
is an immediate example of the
foregoing theory. The musical
standards of the organization are
of commercial concert world cali-
ber; historical-theoretical knowl-
edge has been combined with com-
pletely adequate technical skill.
What a contrast these "academi-
cians" of our day present to the
stereotype- of the ultra-conserva-
tive, dry-as-dust professor!
The group performed most mas-
terfully in the Beethoven op. 131.
Each player was a sensitive solo-
ist; yet ensemble cooperation also
was admirable, both in terms of
the musical interpretation and in
rescuing a poor player when he
brushed his music off his stand by
accident. And Beethoven was pic-
tured with reverence: he was the
poet who had mastered the scheme
of the sonnet and was now draw-
ing fantastic configurations in
free verse.
The largo from the Haydn op.
76 no. 5 was the best-intuited
single movement of the evening.
* * *
A HIGHLIGHT of the evening
was the reading of the Quartet
No. 8 of the American composer
Quincy Porter; the work was com-
missioned by the University and
dedicated to the Stanley Quartet
in 1950. Unlike much of contem-
porary music, it was mellow and
moderately restful, ideally suited
for the most characteristic idiom
of the Stanley players.
The Porter work was remarkable
for its interest in a predominant-
ly harmonic - sonorous writing.
Much of the time the lower strings
were supplying a supporting back-
ground, the first violin liberated
to spin its melodies. In the more
animated passages, an echo of
country fiddles could be discerned.
Yet folk strains were not obnoxi-
ously extended but rather wistful,
fleeting quotations or what seemed
like quotations.
This was the music of America.
"America is voyages. We were
American." Our voyages traversed
the vastness of the autumnal
plains; the music of America then
meant melancholy.
--Avo Somer
to theA

Communism a 'Passing Pha.e'?

SECRETARY OF STATE Dulles' recent re-
mark that international communism is "a
passing' phase" needs consideration. {
Dulles made this statement at Canberra,
Australia, in a meeting of the Southeast Asia
Treaty Organization, 'calling SEATO "a bulwark
against the slread of communism in Southeast
While SEATO may be preparing to withstand
Red aggression from the outside, it nevertheless
may'be threatened by recent internal develop-
ments in a strategically-located non-SEATO
Indonesia's President Sukarno is presently
seeking a compromise to achieve his policy of
"guided democracy," a policy which would
abolish political parties as well as seat Com-
munists on the national council.
And, a disturbing fact to remember is that
Indonesia has the largest Asian Communist
Party outside Red China.
PERHAPS Mr. Dulles was right in citing the
decline of international communism. But if
Secretary Dulles had looked north to Indonesia
while he was making his Australian speech, he
might have mentioned as a new danger "in-.
ternal" communism.
The distinction between international and
internal Communism may be insignificant as
far as the result is concerned. Yet, internal
Communism, that gnawing disease which plays
on nationalism and political and economic
weakness, seems now to be the more prevalent
form of communist aggression.
Although Mr. Dulles emphasized that the
free world could not relax its guard, he never-
theless overlooked the possibility that overt,
international Communism may be passing from
the world stage, but may also be reappearing
behind the scenes under another name.
THE TYPE of Communism which infiltrates
rather than attacks already seems to have

expressed a voice in Syria, and threatens to
appear in other Asian nations.
The danger of Communism in Indonesia
represents the real challenge to SEATO for the
remedy to internal communism cannot be ap-
plied externally.
Richard Byrd,
Courageous Explorer
ADMIRAL Richard E. Byrd, one of the last
of the world's great explorers, died Monday
Admiral Byrd, perhaps more than any other
man of our time, contributed to- the shrinking
of the modern world. Leading two expeditions
to the North Pole and five to the Antarctic, he
has filled many gaps in this world's knowledge
of Atself.
Driven by an insatiable wanderlust and
curiosity for the wonders of the polar regions,
Admiral Byrd's travels were not only enlight-
ening in themselves but led others to follow in
his paths and expand the exploration he had
undertaken. The result is a world more know-
ing and much closer than when the Admiral
entered it.
In a sense, Admiral Byrd's passing marks
the passing of an age. Although man is still
concerned with this earth and intent on dis-
covering all it holds, more and more he is
turning his eyes toward the space outside his
immediate environment. Seldom/ again will we
read of daring flights over frozen wastes but
rather of ventures into the dark unknown be-
yond earthly limits.
Admiral Byrd was an explorer of unbounded
courage and foresight. And each ,of us is an
explorer of sorts, searching today that we
might live better tomorrow. Exemplary guide-
posts in that quest are the courage and fore-
sight of Richard Byrd.
Editorial Director


The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3553 Administration Building, before
2 p.m. the day preceding publication.
Notices for Sunday Daily due at 2:00
p.m. Friday.
General Notices
President and Mrs. Hatcher will hold
open house for students at their home
Wed., March 13, front 4:00 to 6:00 p.m.
Evaluation of Student Government
Council. The committee recently ap-
pointed by vice-President Lewis to re-
port to him an evaluation of Student
Government Council invites informed
and interested individuals to express
their observations on the structure and
functioning of SGC (under the plan
adopted two years ago) at an open
hearing Thurs., March 141 3:00 p.m.,
Room 3003, Student Activities Building.
If such persons can supply copies of
their statements to the committee
members, the work of the committee
would be greatly facilitated. These cop-
ies should be brought to the secretary
of the committee, Deborah Townsend,
2017 Student Activities Building. If
duplication facilities are not available
to such persons, an attempt will be
made to provide for them if the state-
ments are brought to the secretary by
March 13.
SGC Schedule of Election Open
Houses. March 13: Helen Newberry 3:00
432 S. State Street; Alpha Epsilon Phi,
5:00, 407 N. Ingalls; Martha Cook 5:00,
906 S. University; Collegiate rosis,
5:45, 1501 Washtenaw; Sigma Ch, 6:00,
548 S. State Street; Chi Psi, 6:10, 620 S.
State Street; Sigma Nu, 6:10, 700 Ox-
ford Road; Psi Upsilon, 6:00, 1000 Hill
Street; Trigon, 6:15, 1617 washtenaw;
Delta' Tau Delta, 6:20, 1928 Geddes;
Alpha Tau Omega, 6:45, 1415 Cam-
bridge;Sigma Kappa, 6:00, 626 Oxford
Road; Phi Sigma Delta, 6:00, 1808 Her-
mitage Road; Adelia Cheever, 7:00, 730
Haven Street; Delta Phi Epsilon, 7:00,
1811 Washtenaw; Phi Kappa Tau, 7:00,
808 Tappan; Wenley Hse., W. Q., 8:00,
541 Thompson.
Student Government Council, Agen-
da. Council Room, 7:30 p.m., March
13, 1957, #
Minutes of the previous meeting.
Officers' reports: President -- March t,
Student Bar Assoc., dance, Union.
March 13, Young Republican Club,
"The Regent Candidates Speak", Un-
March 15, 16, 17, Inter-Cooperative
Council, Art Festival, Lane Hall.
Treasurer-Finance report.
Air Charter.
Administrative wing report.
Cinema Guild.
Committee reports:
Education and Social Welfare: Health
Old Business: Honor System, tabled
New Business.
Members and constituents time.




E Joint Chiefs of Staff were
quietly called to the White
House last week and officially no-
tified that their next chairman
would be Gen. Nathan Twining,
now the Air Force Chief.
Inside fact is that wining had
recommended his deputy, Gen.
Thomas White, for the Chair-
manship, but the President per-
suaded Twining to take it himself
rather than retire. White probably
will replace Twining as Air Force
Chief of Staff.
Originally, Secretary of Defense
Wilson wanted to reappoint Adm.
Arthur Radford, present chair-
man, to a third term, but crusty
Congressman ; Carl Vinson, of
Georgia, Chairman of, the House
Armed Services Committee,
threatened to block Radford. Vin-
son told Wilson bluntly it was the
Air Force's turn to take the chair-
manship. Radford, he said, should
step down.
* * *
Jr., has made a bid to get back
into politics. He approached Tam-
many Hall Boss Carmine De Sa-
pio, who was aloof.
Teamster officials say Dave
Beck is convinced the Democrats
are investigating the Teamsters
for splitting with other labor un-
ions to support the Eisenhower-
Nixon ticket.
As part of President Eisenhow-
-er's multimillion-dollar bomb-
shelter program, the Atomic En-
ergy Commission will test bomb
shelters this spring on the Nevada
A-bomb range.
The Polish trade mission has
already won a promise from the
Administration to sell Poland sur-
plus food in return for local cur-
The official Soviet airline,
Aeroflot, has opened offices in

Cairo. It is ready to begin Mos-
cow-to-Cairo service with a stop-
over in Athens.
* * *
Calif.) showed concern the other
day about a proposal of two Dem-
ocratic Congressmen to have the
Commission on Fine Arts approve
all designs for Federal buildings.
Scudder was worried about
"Communistic" murals, and
though reassured by Rep. Henry
Reuss (D., Wis.) he was still skep-
"In this planning, I hope you do
not desire to have artists get into
the picture who will do what they
did during the last 20 years. That
is, decorate the walls with murals
which are very obnoxious to the
people in the area.
"In the Rincon Annex Post Of-
fice in San Francisco, it was the
policy to paint murals. I had these
murals very carefully analyzed by
a cartoonist, and part of them
was definitely Communist propa-
"I am glad that the gentleman
from California raised that ques-
tioi," said Reuss, who with Rep.
Frank Thompson (D., N.J.) is co-'
sponsoring the proposal for Fine
Arts Commission approval.
"Let me assure him that the
Chairman of the Commission on
Fine Arts is none other than Mr.
David Finley, who was Mr. An-
drew Mellon's lawyerandrconfi-
dential adviser for many years.
He generally shares the political
and social philosophy of the late
and revered Andrew Mellon."
* * *
OIL BREAK for Democrat -
The big Republican oil companies
are getting some nice breaks from
the Eisenhower Administration,
but at least one Democrat is doing

all right too. Ed Pauley, close
friend and big money raiser for
Harry Truman, has secured a
guarantee from the U.S. govern-
ment that his losses will be reim-
bursed up to $6,000,000 if he drills
for oil in the shaky Kingdom of
Jordan, and if Jordan should later
expropriate his oil wells. This is
about the first time in history an
American oil man has secured
such a guarantee - especially a
Democrat from a Republican ad-
Two Air Force Secretaries --
Sen. Stuart Symington of Mis-
souri, first Secretary of the Air
Force, made a strange phone call
the other day. He called the pres-
ent Secretary of the Air Force,
Donald Quarles, told him he was
planing to make a Senate speech
blasting Quarles, then proceeded
to read the speech to his intended
Quarles argued with Symington
over some details and finally per-
suaded him to tone down the
speech. However, Symington still
delivered the speech, accusing
Quarles of using phonydarithme-
tic in the Air Force budget.
Future excise taxes - GOP
leaders have advised Ike that
Congress will probably repeal the
10 per cent excise tax on theatre
tickets, effective April 1 of next
House hearings will begin in
about a month on the Repealer
Bill, which also may knock out 10
per cent excises on cosmetics,
toilet articles, and transportation.
Small-town theatres hard hit
by TV competition are particular-
ly in need of tax relief, the Presi-
dent was told. He said, however,
he could not agree to any tax cuts
in 1958 until he had an estimate
of next year's budget.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)




Hockey Coverage .
To the Editor:
HOW UNFAIR can you get? Or
don't you like hockey? Sun-
day's paper was full of stories on
all the athletic events of Saturday,
but I think your coverage of the
hockey game was rather slighting.
This was our last gime, and
you didn't even so much as men-
tion the seniors that were playing
their last game on Michigan ice.
We have a great team, and one
that is going to the NCAA playoffs
for the tenth straight time.
I think you underestimate the
game of hockey. I personally think
it's the best sport Michigan has,
and players such as Bob Schiller
certainly deserve more credit than
you've given them.
We want to win in Colorado,
don't we? Well, why don't we get
behind them one-hundred per
cent? I'm for all-out support of
the hockey team.

New York -chool. Integration

NEW YORK CITY school officials have taken
measures to end the unintentional segrega-
tion within their educational system.
During recent weeks, the Board of Education
voted to launch a plan which will re-zone school
districts bringing up Negro children to white
schools and vice versa and equalize the quality
of faculties in rich and poor areas.
Racial segregation in housing has resulted
in homogeneous student populations in schools.
Although children have not had to travel to
distant schools, they have not had the oppor-
tunity to associate with children from dissimilar
Editorial Staff
Editorial Director City Editor
GAIL GOLDSTEIN.............Personnel Director
ERNEST tHEODOSSIN.............Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK ... Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN THOMAS...............Features Editor
DAVID GREY.......... Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER......... Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEbi HEILPERN .,. Associate Sports Editor
VIRGIN2.A ROBERTSONw......As tomen's Editor
JANE FOWLER...........Associate Women's Editor
ARLINE LEWIS ............ Women's Feature Editor
JOHN HIRTZEL................. Chief Photographer
Business Staff
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MIT/ON GOLTI~uN ... AssociAateBsinssManager

Furthermore, since most teachers are from
middle class areas and have been permitted to
teach in schools near their homes, schools in
the "tough" areas in New York are staffed by
inexperienced and substitute teachers.
THE PURPOSE of the plan, scheduled to go
into effect in the fall of 1957, is to "integrate
all groups in the schools in the interest of
wholesome living in a democratic society."
The plan, in operation, will counteract south-
ern criticism of northern liberals who have been
accused of doing nothing in their own areas to
alleviate educational inequalities. It will even-
tually help break down discrimination by ac-
customing children to associate with others of
different races at an early age in addition to
raising the general level of education in blighted
Educational standards will be lowered tempo-
rarily in schools where privileged children have'
been in the majority and have enjoyed the
advantages of experienced teachers and ade-
quate facilities. Teachers who will be forced to
work in poor area schools undoubtedly will
object to placement away from "choice" schools.
However, the teaching experience in poor
area schools mandatory for promotion to super-
visory positions provides the school board with
some assurance that the plan will be a success-
ful one.
PROBABLY the only disadvantage is that
transportation difficulties may lead to in-

Internal Dissension Breaking Up Bloc

-Keke Py


By The Associated Press
OFFICIAL Washington is specu-
lating on developments that
indicate a once-powerful "farm
bloc" in Congress may be breaking
up over dissensions within.
At one time, particularly in the
depression days of the '30Os. this
group was one of uhe most influen-
tial factors in determining farm
laws and policies of the federal
government as well as platforms of
the major parties,
It was largely responsible for a
great batch of precedent-breaking
farm-aid legislation enacted dur-
ing the New Deal days of President
Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Congress members may not look
upon themselves as members of a
"farm bloc" but generally those
lawmakers of both parties who
have devoted a considerable part
of the time and energy on farm
matters have been classed by the
press, government agencies and
others as belonging to a bloc.

and supplies of the nation's No. 1
Most Southern lawmakers want
to tie onto a corn bill provisions
which would give greater govern-
ment benefits to cotton, tobacco,
wheat and other crops. This the
administration and most farm-
state lawmakers are fighting.
Threats of presidential vetoes are
being tossed about.
Back in the days when the farm
bloc was riding high, the yarious
commodity groups worked together.
Those interested in wheat, corn,
rice and other crops would join
with those interested in cotton to
get benefits for the latter crop.
Then cotton would join with others
to get legislation for wheat, corn .
and other crops.
The bloc was noted for largely
ignoring party lines. For years,
members of the agricultural com-
mittees of both the House and the
Senate boasted of their nonpartis-
anship when it came to farm mat-

for many years was president of
the American Farm Bureau Fed-
eration. O'Neal retired in the 1940s.
A persuasive and engaging per-
sonality, O'Neil was able to pro-
vide leadership to a Washington
farm bloc that was highly success-
In fact, many lawmakers sought
out O'Neal for advice on how to
No one has stepped in to fill
O'Neal's shoes.
In the '30s and early 40s, the
solidarity of the farm bloc was
fortified by the administrative
arms of the government. Henry
A. Wallace, Roosevelt's first secre-
tary of agriculture, worked hand
in hand with O'Neal and farm
leader in Connress. There would
be unified agreement before legis-
lation was laid before the law-
* * *
THIS IS not the case now. Scc-

Fat, Sassy 'Life' . .
To the Editor:
sassy Life magazine contains
many informative, well-written ar-
ticles (Senator Kennedy's views on
Democratic party, study of Noth-
ern segregation, discussion of an-
cient Greece).
But attention of local students
will inevitably be drawn to pro-
vocative, misleading photo-essay
about recent anti-kissing ban in
Stockwell's plush lounge.
This oversized parlor, once the
scene of orgies to delight Alexand-
er or Caesar, now displays a sparse
collection of edgy couples exchang-
ing furtive caresses while eyeing
watchful bands of the roving anti-
kiss patrol.
Life tells how, at a recent meet-
ing of \ Stockwell Council, filed by
Jeanette Grimn (rhymes with
Hymn), the no - kiss rule was
adopted by a majority of members,,
forcing campus kissers out into
cold autos, park benches, swim-
ming pools, sandwich shops, dog-
littered public lanes.
The profusely illustrated story


May Festival. Tickets for single con-
certs are now on sale at the offices of
the University Musical Society in Bur-
ton Tower, at $1.50, $2.00, $2.501 $3.00
and $3.50. A limited number of season
tickets are still available.
Late Permission: All women students
who attended the concert at Hill Audi-
torium on Sun., March 10, had late per-
mission until 11:15 p.m.
American Chemical Society Lecture.
8:15 p.m., Wed., March 13, Room 1300,
Chemistry Building. Prof. Malcolm
Dole, Northwestern University, will
speak on "Mechanism of Irradiation Ef-
fects in Polyethylene".
Research Seminar of the Mental
Health Research Institute. Dr. Anatole
Rapoport, Mental Health Research In-
stitute will speak on "Some Unsolved
Problems of Open Systems" March 14,
1:15-3:15 p.m., Children's Psychiatric
Hospital, Conference Room.
I.S.A. presents "America: From Poetry
to Jazz" (A Series on Cultural Dynam-
ics) Lecture No. 3, Thurs., March 14,
"Architecture," Dr. Leonard Eaton, Col-
lege of Architecture and Design.
Wednesday noon film for March 13
will be "Adventures of Chico, Part I",
the film story of a Mexican boy who
makes friends with animals and birds.
12:30 p.m., Audio-Visual Education
Center Auditorium, 4051 Administra.
tion Building.
Academic Notices
College of Architecture and Design
freshman five-week grade reports are
due Mon., March 18. Please send them
to 207 Architecture Building.
Medical College Admission Test: Ap.
plication blanks for the May 11, 1957
administration of the Medical College
Admission Test are now available at
122 Rackham Building. Application
blanks are due in Princeton, N.J. not
later than April 27, 1957. If you expect
to enter medical school in the fall of
1958, you are urged to take the test




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