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February 28, 1957 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1957-02-28

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PROBLEM OF THE
NEEDY STUDENT
See rage 4

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7!Iatt

CLOUDY, WARMER

Latest Deadline in the State

I

VOL. LXVII, No. 107 ANN ARBOR, MICMGAN, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1957

EIGHT PAGES

Teamsters
Aid in Defeat
Of Politician
Failure to Cooperate
iCosts Mayor Election
WASHINGTON ()-Senate in
vestigators were told yesterday
the Teamsters Union helped de
feat a mayor of Portland, Ore
because he didn't cooperates it
plans to expand the city's vic
operations.
James B. Elkins, a Portland
gambler, also testified that unio
bosses were involved in an at
tempt to set up a $100,000 a yea
punchboard monopoly in Port
land.
Elkins said that in 1955 he wa
a front man for a combination o
Teamsters Union officials and
racketeers who hoped to branc
out from Portland and "take ove:
the whole State of Oregon."
Investigating Committee
He told his story on a specia
Senate committee which ha
opened a broad investigation o:
alleged racketeering in iabor
groups and industry.
As a front man, Elkins said, he
was being pressured to open up
-nore gambling joints, houses of
prostitution, punchboard opera-
tions and the like in Portland. He
said he told them it couldn't be
done while the police kept raid-
ing places as soon as they were
opened.
Elkins testified he was told the
combination would have Clyde
Crosby, international organizer of
the Teamsters in Oregon, see
Mayor Fred L. Peterson "and tell
him to change the chief of police
if he wouldn't play ball."
Mayor Defeated
The witness said the police
chief, whom he identified as
James Purcell, stayed in office
but Mayor Peterson was defeated
for reelection and succeeded by
Mayor Terry D. Shrunk.
"So they weren't successful in
*emoving the police chief, were
they?" asked Sen. Joseph R. Mc-
Carthy (R-Wis), a committee
member."
"No, but they were successful in
getting the mayor defeated," El-
kins replied.
Russell Calls
Mid-East Plan
<Pig In Poke'
WASHINGTON (All)- Sen. Rich-
ard Russell (D-Ga), making a new
effort to limit the scope of Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower's Mid-
dle East program, said yesterday
Congress was being asked to buy
"a pig in the poke."
He urged the Senate to strip
from the Middle East resolution
the authority for Eisenhower to
spend Alp to 200 million dollars on
military and economic aid for
Middle Eastern nations.
"We have been trying to get in-
formation about this secret pro-
gram,' said Russell, chairman of
the Senate Armed Services Com-
mittee, "but they insist we jump
into the dark.
"I refuse to abandon my con-
gressional responsibility to buy a
pig in the poke."
DeVarti Seeks
Write-In Vote

Dominic A. Devarti, announced
yesterday he will run for mayor
as a write-in candidate.
DeVarti, a Republican, was de-
feated by incumbent Mayor Wil-
iam E. Brown, Jr. in the Feb. 18
primary election.
"A group of supporters," he
said, "indicated they would sup-
port me as an independent candi-
date for mayor."
Earlier this month DeVarti as-
serted that he thought it was time
for a change. "When one person
has a job for a long time he gets
into a rut in his thinking. It's the
same way in politics as it is in
business."
DeVarti opposed any unneces-
sary raise in taxes at the present
time. He remarked that taxes are
high enough now.
His announcement means that
three people, Brown, DeVarti,
and Prof. Samuel J. Eldersveld of
the political science department
will be seeking the mayor's posi-
tion in the April 1 general elec-

Accord

Seen

on

Program
of Troops

For

Withdrawal

-Daily-David Arnold
STRATEGY AND FOREIGN POLICY-Prof. George Peek spoke
on combining military strategy with foreign policy yesterday to
an audience of 200 people in Ann Arbor High School's West Cafe-
teria.
U.S. MustB e Prepared
For Limited War-Peek
By TAMMY MORRISON
"We must be ready to fight a limited war for limited objectives-
if not, we may be involved in unlimited disaster," Prof. George Peek
of the political science department commented yesterday.
Speaking before a "Town Talk" audience on combining military
strategy with foreign policy, Prof. Peek said in a world of 'unlimited
weapons, the United States "must rethink the doctrine of total vic-
tory," if it wants to keep peace.
The United States may have immobilized its foreign policy by
refusing to fight anything but an all-out nuclear war. "Under those
conditions, the Soviet Union could bleed us to death over a period of

HUNGAR Y:
U.S. Official
T Heads Back
BUDAPEST (k)'-United States
Minister Edward T. Wailes de-
livered the final snub to Hungary's
Communist government yesterday
z and, bowing to Red pressure, head-
ed home.
After 17 weeks in Budpest, he
quietly quit the country without
ever presenting his credentials to
the Red regime of Premier Janos
Kadar, which could have regarded
the resentation as American recog-
nition.
Wailes, a former assistant secre-
tary of state, did not even notify
the Red hierarchy in advance that
he was leaving.
Reds Win Point
It was not until seven hours
after he headed from Budapest for
Vienna in a car with two legation
' officers, his wife and dog that the
U.S. Legation's second secretary,
Christopher Squires, notified the
Foreign Ministry of his departure.
But the Communists also won a
point.
The Kadar regime, installed un-
der the protection of Russian guns
Nov. 4, had demanded that Wailes
either present his credentials-the
papers which protocol requires to
install a diplomat in his post-or
get out.
Breaks Protocol
It complained in a note to the
State Department Feb. 22 that the
delay was irreconcilable with in-
ternational practice and that he
apparently was acting under orders
deliberately to postpone the formal
contact.
In Washington, the State De-
partment rejected the accusation
that Wailes had violatedcinterna-
tional practice, but announced he
is "returning to the United States
for consultation." Legation officials
do not expect him to return to
Hungary.
U.S. Backs Boycott
The State Department showed
its backing of the one-man boycott
in a statement recalling that
Wailes arrived in Budapest Nov. 2
under orders to present his cre-
dentiials to the Imre Nagy govern-
men, a broad coalition established
in the October revolt.
"Before Wailes was able to pre-
sent his credentials, however, the
Soviet Union on Nov. 4 intervened
in force in Hungary," the state-
ment said.
Quad Council
Delays Action
South Quadrangle Council took
no action Tuesday on Dean of
Men Walter B. Rea's letter con-
mani.,no fhr- ,a mvan ..rh1, 7ara ay-

w-years -- in the Mid East, Asia and
Africa."
In economic productivity, the
Soviets are behind the U.S., but
by 1965, their industrial output
will match that of Western
Europe. In trained personnel,
Russia is "probably not equalled
except in Germany." Its military
power poses a particular problem,
because, although it is not yet
equal with the United States',"' its
rate of growth is greater than
ours"
In agriculture, "the Soviets are
not doing well, maybe because
Marx was a city boy.'
Prof. Peek suggested five ways
to prepare for a Jate of limited
war: increased strength of the
Strategic Air Command; in-
creased aircraft; increased man-
power; a higher state of readi-
ness and a navy available for
fighting "anywhere at any time.
"The question is not 'Can we
afford to do it?', but 'Can we af-
ford not to do it?' We can afford
it by increasing taxes and aban-
doning our plans for a new car
or a Florida vacation. A vaca-
tion is small balanced against na-
tional survival."
Dorm Council
Vs. The Kiss
Stockwell Council established a
committee last night to determine
methods of controlling "excessive
displays of affection."
Last week, the Council levied a
ban against necking and hugging
within the public areas of the
dormitory, hoping to "improve the
tone of the lounges" and remove
"embarrassing conditions."
Composed of one special repre-
sentative from each of the ten
corridors the committee will seek
to define "excessive necking' de-
termine methods of enforcement,
and suggest discipline measures.

ACTION:
SGC Views
Fees Raise
With Alarm
By VERNON NAHRGANG
Student Government Council
yesterday viewed "With deep con-
cern" recent proposals that the
University consider "substantial"
tuition raises.
"Such an act would hinder1
otherwisehighly qualified students,
many of whom are already neces-
sarily employed in part time jobs,
from obtaining a Michigan educa-
tion," SGC said in unanimously
adopting a statement sponsored by
Treasurer Lewis ngan, '57, and
Maynard Goldman, '59.
SGC also named three students
yesterday to serve on the newly-
formed calendar committee headed
by Prof. John C. Kohl of the en-
gineering college.
Student Representatives
SGC member Scott Chrysler, '59,
former Student Legislature mem-
ber Leonard Wilcox, '60L, and
Mary Terry, '58, who has worked
on student opinion surveys for
SGC, will represent student opin-
ion on the calendar committee.
Reports from the Lecture Study
Committee and from the Inter-
fraternity C o u n c i1-Inter-House
Council Rushing Committee were
presented yesterday, but neither
report was discussed and both were
tabled until next week's meeting.
SGC's statement on tuition raise
proposals agreed "with the posi-
tion taken by University President
Harlan Hatcher that the ability to
attend college should depend upon
academic competence and not up-
on economic factors."
Out-of-State Students
SGC called it "also imperative
that the present ratio of out-of-
state and foreign students be re-1
tained.
"These persons are of great im-
portance in creating an environ-
ment of real educational value to1
the Michigan community."
In presenting the Lecture Study
Committee report, chairman Tom
Sawyer, '58, said that Prof. James
K. Pollock, of the political science1
department and Lecture Com-
mittee chairman, had some criti-
cism of the report.
Report Tabled
SGC, after the presentation,1
tabled the report to await officiall
comment from the Lecture Com-
raittee. Prof. Pollock refused tot
comment to The Daily late yester-
day on the report.
A 40-page IFC-IHC Fraternity1
Rushing Progress Report was pre-1
sented to SGC yesterday, but dis-
cussion was held off until nextz
week to give council members time1
to examine the report.1
Contained in the report were five1
pages discussing implementation,
of the Spring 1956 Rushing Report
recommendations and three pagesr
of evaluation and further recom-t
mendations.

-Daily-John Hirtzel
RELIEVED PASSENGERS-Passengers from suspense-ridden Capital Airlines Flight 930 disembark
from the Constellation after six hours in the air from Milwaukee to Detroit. At right is the nose wheel,
turned by the tow truck, whose wheels appear at left. The plane cautiously landed, then stopped and
was towed to the ramp.

Crippled Airplane Lands
Safely After Six Hours
By JAMES ELSMAN JR. and ROBERT S. BALL JR.
A crippled Detroit-bound Capital Airlines Constellation with 21
frightened passengers and a crew of five touched down at Willow Run
Airport last night after more than six suspenseful hours in the air.
Nose-wheel trouble kept the Constellation aloft for four un-
scheduled hours.
Pilot William Ritchie discovered a ruptured hydraulic line in the
nose-wheel minutes after take-off from Milwaukee and radioed he
wouldn't be able to lower the wheel upon landing. He circled Milwaukee
attempting a mid-air repair job and then received instructions to
land at Willow Run soon as they

had made contact with a Capital
Viscount from Washington carry-
ing technicians and Capital's Chief
Pilot, Ralph Sewell, for on-the-
scene advice.
The planes met over Lake Erie
where the crews spent another
hour trying to coax the wheel in-
to landing position.
"They announced the trouble
immediately after they tried to
pull it up," George Gabuzda, a
passenger from Wilmington, Del.,
said. "They fixed it ten minutes
before we landed."
The problem confronting the
crew was how to put hydraulic
pressure into the system. "They
put coffee and milk into it first,
and then they used john water,"
Gabuzda explained.
Chief Pilot Sewell explained lat-
er: "It might have been an air
lock in the line. We were able to
lower the main gear by its own
weight, but the airstream kept the
nose gear up. You should see the
hands of the flight engineer-he
had to lower the wheel with the
hand pump."
The passengers remained calm.
"They told us we might have to
move to the back of the plane if
they tried to land on the main
wheels alone," one passenger said.

New Campus
Chest Group
Begins Plans
A Campus Chest Secretariat was
recently organized to handle the
office work of the spring fund
drive.
The newly-formed committee
will be headed by Robbi Schultz,
'58, and will participate in the
Campus Chest drive along with
the previously-organized Publici-
ty and Solicitation Committees.
At the Campus Chest meeting
yesterday plans were discussed for
drive projects to be handled by the
three committees, and include spe-
cial events during the week of the
Campus Chest drive, May 5-11.
'All White' Buses
MONTGOMERY, Ala. (W)-Two
federal judges joined yesterday
in an informal warning that a
proposed new all-white busline in
Montgomery would violate the
United States Supreme Court ban
on racial segregation.I

MID-EAST:
Joint Plan
Requested
By Mollet
WASHINGTON (P ) - French
Premier Guy Mollet said yesterday
he has proposed to President
Dwight D. Eisenhower that the
West devise a "joint and long-
range policy" to safeguard their
common interests in the Middle
East.
Such a policy, he said, would
aim particularly to block Egyptian
as well as Soviet Communist de-
signs on the Arab world.
Mollet reported this development
in a speech to the National Press
Club here on what was to have
been the last day of his harmony
conference with Eisenhower.
Talks Extended
Before he spoke, however, the
President and Mollet agreed to ex-
tend their talks for another 24
hours, evidently with the aim of
taking up again, today the latest
developments in the Israeli troop
withdrawal crisis. ,
Today's session is due to be fol-
lowed by the issuance of a com-
munique which is expected to re-
flect a considerable restoration of
French-A m e r i c a n cooperation
which was shattered last fall when
the United States denounced the
French-British attack on Egypt.
Mollet told his press club audi-
ence he thinks Israel was entitled
to a definite settlement of its fron-
tiers with the Arab states and a
guarantee of its territorial integ-
rity.
Endorses Guarantees
He also endorsed the concept of
a guarantee for free passage of
Israeli ships through the Strait
of Tiran into the Gulf of Aqaba.
He described Israel's October at-
tack on Egypt as an exercise of the
"elementary right of self-defense"
and declared, "I refuse to brand
this state as an aggressor.'
He presumably expressed these
views in his talks with the Presi-
dent Tuesday and yesterday,
though he did not give any indi-
cation of Eisenhower's reaction.
The President's position has
been that Israel had no right to
attack Egypt and therefore is ob-
ligated to withdraw its troops from
the Gulf of Aqaba area and.the
Gaza Strip in compliance with
United Nations resolutions.
Jacobs To Talk
On Jewish Faith
In the second of a series of In-
ter-House Council symposia on

Big ]dowers,
Israel Reach
Agreement
Eban, Meir Work
To Ready Proposal
For UN Presentation
WASHINGTON ()-The United
States, France and Israel appar-
ently agreed last night on a for-
mula for early withdrawal of Is-
raeli forces from two disputed
IMiddle East areas.
Israel's Foreign Minister Golda
Meir and Ambassador Abba Eban
met Wednesday with Secretary of
State John Foster Dulles and
French Foreign Minister Chris-
tian Pineau.
Later, Eban returned to the
State Department for what offi-
cials called a long "working ses-
sion" to commit to paper an agree-
ment under which Israeli trops
would begin withdrawal.
Announcement Expected
An announcement is expected at
the United N a t io n s, possibly
today, to report formally the
breaking of the long deadlock on
the issue.
Israel has refused to get out of
the Gaza Strip and Sharm el
Sheikh, which commands the
mouth of the Gulf of Aqaba, with-
out guarantees against Egyptian
attack from those areas.
Eban was asked last night whe-
ther he was ready to announce
agreement. He replied simply:
Hopes Higher
"As a result of discussions in
Washington over the last few days
the hope of an early solution is
now much stronger. The embassy
will remain in contact with the
State Department tomorrow."
The United States, which has
repeatedly called for Israel's with-
drawal urged again yesterday that
Israel make a "voluntary with-
drawal" in advance of any United
Nations action against her.
Dulles called in Israel's Foreign
Minister Golda Meir and they con-
sulted for 45 minutes.
State Department press officer
Lincoln White issued this state-
ment:
"We have begun an exchange of
views at the United Nations with
certain states with which we have
cosponsored earlier resolutions
with a view to finding the most
appropriate language by which tq
express the President's policies.
"In the event this becomes
necessary we are still hopeful that
there will be a voluntary with-
drawal by Israel so that no furth-
er UN action in this respect will be
called for"
Position Unchanged
White also insisted that, despite
press reports of a shift in U.S.
position, it remained as set forth
by President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower in his Feb. 20 speech,
The President said then the
United Nations "has no choice but
to exert pressure upon Israel" to
pull out of the Gaza Strip and
Gulf of Aqaba areas if she does
not do so voluntarily,
The U.S. delegation at the UN
held up expected introduction of
a proposed resolution. It was des-
cribed as a compromise between
formulas proposed by the Asian-
African bloc and by Canada's For
eign Minister, Lester B. Pearson,
SGC Forum
Subject To Be
' rCalendar
The University calendar will be

the subject of Student Govern-
ment Council's next forum,
scheduled at 7:30 p.m. March 14
in the Union, according to SGC
Public Relations Chairman Janet
Winklehaus, '57.
Prof. Douglas Crary of the
geography department, Prof. Wil-
liam Steinhoff of the English de-
partment and junior-senior fac-

IN CRIMINAL COURT CASES

Dr. Roche Cites Conflict Between Psychiatry, Law
By WILLIAM HANEY
Conflicts between psychiatry and law in criminal court cases
were cited and explained by Dr. Philip Roche, '30, to a capacity audi-
ence at Rackham Amphitheatre last night.
"One of the main questions of the court is 'what is in the mind of
the accused when the crime was committed?'" the professor of psy-
chiatry at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School said in the
first of a series of three lectures on "The Criminal Mind."
Pointing out that psychiatric terms are defined differently by the
prosecuting attorney and the defense, Roche said terminology creates
a great gulf between the prosecutor, defense and the jury,
Three Types of Insanity
Three types of insanity are now recognized by law, Roche said-
complete insanity, partial insanity and homicidal mania.
The first type is sufficient to make the criminal not responsible
for his actions. "But partial insanity, (irregular mental derangement)
is not an excuse in a court of law if the criminal act was not com-
mitted as a direct result of a period of that insanity." Roche explained.

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