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February 27, 1957 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1957-02-27

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India's Neutralism
Exaggerated Misconception
See Page 4

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Datiti

Latest Deadline in the State

CHILLY, RATHER

VOL. LXVII, No. 106

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1957

SIX PAGES

r

SIX PAGES

Dulles, Eban Ask
New Talks in UN
U.S. Delegation Proposes Israel
Withdrawal But Without Sanctions
WASHINGTON (P-Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and
Israeli Ambassador Abba Eban, seeking a way out of the troops-in-
Sinai deadlock, agreed yesterday Eban should hold new talks with
Dag Hammarskjold at the United Nations.
Eban rushed back to Washington yesterday morning to confer
with Sec. Dulles after meeting Monday in New York City with Ham-
marskjold, the UN secretary general.
There was no word on whether Sec. Dulles and Eban talked about
a possible United States-sponsored formula in the UN for winning

NEAR EAST:
Nleutrality
Requested
rBy Saud
CAIRO () - King Ibn Saud i
trying to persuade Arab leaders
at their four-power summit con-
ference here to clamp down on
Communists in their own coun-
tries while declining alignmen
with either East or West in for-
eign affairs, informed sources
4 said yesterday.
The argument the Saudi Ara-
bian leader is using for such a
a policy in his talks with Jordan's
King Hussein, Syrian President
Shukri Kuwatly and Egyptian
President Abdul Gamal Nasser is
that it will satisfy Arab nationa-
list desires for neutralism, while
showing good will to the West.
Three of the four chiefs-Saud
Kuwatly and Nasser - conferred
two and one-half hours yesterday
afternoon. Hussein did not attend.
Since last autumn Saud has
been urging behind the scenes
' that Arab leaders get together to
suppress native Communist ac-
tivity in their countries. It was
reported that he told Nasser yes-
terday that if the Egyptian ,Pres-
ident would cooperate-in fighting
Arab communism he would im-
prove his standing in the United
States-possibly setting the scene
for United States economic aid or
arms under the Eisenhower doc-
trine.
Hussein has already in some
measure adopted a scheme of ac-
tion similar to that advocated by
Saud. He has demanded that his
- government conduct an active
struggle against domestic Com-
munist propaganda.
Yesterday in the Jordan capntal
of Amman, Acting Foreign Minis-
ter Abdullah Rim awi told a news
conference the Jordan Cabinet
had decided last Saturday to ac-
cept economic aid under the Eis-
enhower doctrine only on the
condition that:
It does not involve political
aims or foreign influence, or any
interference in our sovereignty, or
involves bargaining on our prob-
lems, rights, liberties and national
objectives, or contains conditions,
whether clear or unclear, which
might contravene any of those
conditions."
Rimawi held a news conference
for the purpose of denying press
reports that the Jordan govern-
ment had "accepted" the Eisen-
hower plan for the Middle East.
4 Arabs Fight
In Renewed
Arius Quest
CAIRO (4) - About 500 Pales-
4 tine Arab soldiers, embittered vet-
erans from Gaza who want to
fight the Israelis again, battled
Egyptian police at suburban
Maadi yesterday in a vain quest
for arms and ammunition.
Witnesses said five of the Pal-
estinians were killed, several
F wounded and more than 20 ar-
rested before their raid on the
Maadi police station collapsed
under a counterattack of the offi-
cers who were reinforced Quickly
by 100 miltary police.
One report said the raiders
shouted slogans against President
Abdul Gamal Nasser as they at-

tacked, but this could not be con-
firmed. Their main cry was for
arms.

an Israeli withdrawal.
The decision that Eban shoul
return to New York came afte
the ambassado was reported t
have told Sec. Dulles that:
1) Eban found Hammarskjol
unmoved by his arguments on be
half of a formula agreed to las
Sunday by Sec. Dulles and Eba
for withdrawing Israeli troop
from two disputed areas withou
UN sanctions.
2) Negotiations with Hammar
skjold so far offer little hope an
Hammarskjold's attitude makes i
s difficult to continue.
3) Hammarskjold is insisting
that any UN forces stationed i
the Gaza Strip must act merely a
t a transmission belt for control
which they would pass on fron
withdrawing Israelis to returnini
Egyptians.
4) Hammarskjold feels any UI
forces in Sharm el Sheikh, whic
controls access to the Gulf o
Aqaba, could not be used to pre
vent Egypt from re-imposinga
blockade against Israeli shipping
The United States Navy, mean
while, was showing the America
flag in, the troubled area. Th
United States destroyers Daly an
Cotten put in at the Ethiopian por
of Massawa on the African coas
of the Red Sea. Stated object: re
fueling.
5 uThe Daly and Cotten are par
of the United States Middle Easi
force, officials said. Last week tw
other destroyers, the Roan and
Royal, touched Massawa also.
C.E. Wilson
Ends Guard
-Controversy
WASHINGTON () - The
squabble that saw Secretary of
Defense Charles Wilson aim his
"draft dodging" barb at some Na-
tional Guardsmen was settled
yesterday with all sides agreed on
a compromise training program.
The Army and the National
Guard Assn. reached "full agree-
ment" on postponing until Jan. 1
the Army's plan to require six
months of active duty training of
new guard recruits below the
draft age of 18%/2.
Wilson promptly authorized the
Army to revise its plans along
this line.
Adding its approval was a
House Armed Services subcom-
mittee headed by Rep. Overton
Brooks, (D-La).
The subcommittee helped
smooth over the controversy
which reached a peak last month
when Sec. Wilson declared that
some men enlisted in the Guard
during the Korean War to escape
the draft.
The full Armed Services Coi-
mittee is expected to approve the
compromise at its next meeting,
probably next week. No new legis-
lation is required to put the pro-
gram into effect.
The Air National Guard's pres-
ent 11-week training program
would not be affected.
Under the new plan, the Na-
tional Guard would be able dur-
ing the rest of this year to recruit
youths 17 to 18% with the under-
standing they would take only 11
weeks of active duty training. But
the recruits would have to sign
up in time to complete the train-
ing by Jan. 1.
Older recruits would take the
full six months of training, as
would all recruits after Jan, 1.
The Army wanted to impose the
six-month training program ef-
fective April 1, 1957. The Penta-
gon argued the guard was under-
trained.

Peek To Lecture
fl IT C Cr t,

U.S. Works
On Israel
Proposals
Plan To Clear Israeli
From Gaza Strip
Without Sanctions
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (A)-
The United States is working on
a Middle East proposal designed
to get Israeli forces out of Egypt
and the Gaza Strip without im-
posing sanctions on Israel, Amer-
ican delegation sources disclosed
yesterday.
As the General Assembly
plunged into critical debate on the
Israeli-Egyptian crisis the United
States worked to have its resolu-
tion ready today. Chief Delegate
Henry Cabot Lodge may speak
then.
Lodge conferred yesterday with
a, number of delegates, including
Lester B. Pearson of Canada and
V. K. Krishna Menon, India's rov-
ing Cabinet minister.
No Drastic Steps
American sources said Lodge is
trying to work out a proposal not
so drastic as a resolution put up
by six Asian-African countries
last week. This Asian-African res-
olution calls for punishment sanc-
tions of Israel for not withdraw-
ing.
Lodge was represented as at-
tempting to find a resolution that
will get a two-thirds majority in
the Assembly and will be in har-
mony with the United States' po-
sition. The American view was
said to be two-fold - to obtain
immediate withdrawal of Israel
and to bring about conditions that
will insure no return to the pre-
vious situation.
Constructive Compromise
Pearson presented what he
called a constructive compromise,
and drew immediate criticism
from the Soviet Union and Syria.
They called it pro-Israel.
Pearson's four-point proposal:
1. Israel and Egypt should make
a formal pledge to observe scrupu-
lously all the provisions of the
1949 armistice agreement.
2. Secretary General Dag Ham-
marskj old and Maj. Gen. E L. M.
Burns, commander of the UN
Emergency Force which was cre-
ated out of a proposal by Pearson
last fall, should arrange with
Egypt and Israel to deploy UN
forces along the armistice line.
3. It should be agreed there be
no interference with innocent
passage in the Straits of Tiran
or the Gulf of Aqaba.
4. UN Emergency Force should
be used in the Gaza Strip.
Studeits Petition
For Class Posts
Four students have taken out
petitions for senior class president
of the literary college, two for
secretary, one for vice-president,
and one- for treasurer.
One petition for class officer
has been taken out for engineer-
ing college and one for education
school. No petitions have been
taken out for senior officer in
business administration school.
Petitions for class officers in
the four schools and colleges are
available in Rm. 1538 Student
Activities Bldg. and must be re-
turned by 6 p.m. March 5.

Cost'
Hike
tHelpful
WASHINGTON (R)-Joseph
Carcione, 23-year-old violinist
with the National Symphony
Orchestra, practices six or sev-
en hours a day.
But he has figured out a
way to keep the neighbors from
complaining.
"I just take an old bow, wash
the hair down and use it with-
out resin," he explained. "The
sound only travels about a foot
and a half."
Courts Rule
on Mari nes'
Misconduct
PARRIS ISLAND, S. C. (R)-
Separate courts-martial on this
Marine training base yesterday
found one drill instructor inno-
cent of maltreating recruits and
another guilty of maltreatment
and violation of orders.
A five-member special court de-
liberated a little more than two
hours before returning a verdict
of innocent in the trial of Sgt.
William E. Rich, Canton, N.C., a
husky career veteran with a thun-
derous voice inside or outside the
court room.
Simultaneously, on another
part of the sprawling base, a sum-
mary court-martial found Sgt.
Clinton L. Jones, Pensacola, Fla.,
guilty of maltreating a recruit
and violating a lawful order.
Debate Rises
Over Bruce
WASHINGTON (A)-The Sen-
ate erupted with debate yesterday
over President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower's appointment of David K.
E. Bruce, a Democrat, as ambas-
sador to West Germany.
The clear indications - after
an hour's skirmishing between
Democrats and Republicans -
were that Bruce will win over-
whelming confirmation despite
some Republican objections to
his $1,000 contribution to 1956
Democratic campaign funds.
Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of Tex-
as, the Democratic leader, fired
off some carefully prepared vol-
leys at Republicans who had com-'
plained that a Democrat was cho-
sen for a high diplomatic post
when, they said, plenty of quali-
fied epublicans were available.
Sen. Johnson said it would be
"a sad day for the Senate" ifi
Bruce, a former ambassador to;
France under the Truman admin-1
istration, were rejected in "a po-
litical decision."4

Rises

In

Tuition -Hatcher

TEAMSTERS:
Witness
Discloses
BeigLoans
WASHINGTON (P)-A fright-
ened witness told Senate investi-
gators yesterday that Local 690
of the Teamsters Union loaned
more than $50,000 to gamblers
and saloon keepers in Seattle and
Spokane.
The testimony came from Al-
bert J. Ruhl, secretary-treasurer
of the Spokane local, who reluc-
tantly conceded he was afraid of
retaliation from Dave Beck, boss
of the giant Teamsters Union,
because of his disclosures.
Refuses to Answer
Another witness before the spe-
cial Senate committee, Thomas E.'
Maloney, refused to state whether
he bought into a Spokane drink-
ing and gambling house with
money borrowed from Local 690.
Invoking the Fifth Amendment,
which protects persons from self-
incrimination, Maloney also re-
f used to say whether he ever paid
money out of his "enterprises" to
Frank W. Brewster, president of
the 11-state Western Conference
of Teamsters.
Ruhl swore that $30,000 in
funds from his local was turned
over to Sam Bassett, general
counsel for the teamsters, on the
West Coast, for investment in a
Seattle tavern.
Have Affidavit
Robert Kennedy, counsel for
the special committee investigat-
ing alleged racketeering in labor
and industry, said the senators
have an affidavit from Bassett
saying the loan was arranged by
Beck.
Ruhl testified he knew the
money was going to be loaned to
Richard Klinge of Seattle to es-
tablish the Rainbow Tavern.
Kennedy asked Ruhl whether
he was aware that Klinge was a
classmate of Dave Beck, Jr. at
the University of Seattle and lived
in thensame housing project with
young Beck. Ruhl said he was not
aware of this.
'Square Up' Taxes
He went on to relate that an-
other loan of $17,000 was made
Dec. 18, 1953, to Sam Sellinas, de-
scribed as "a well known gambler
in the State of Washington," who
Ruhl said needed the money "to
square up his taxes."
Placed in evidence before the
committee was a Feb. 21 affida-
vit from Sellinas in which he
swore that "either before or after
the loan was granted to me, I
saw Mr. Frank Brewster and he
told me the loan was all right if
my property was put up as se-
curity."

Campus Chivalry

-Daily-Irvin Henrikson
FREEZING RAINDROPS-The lens of Daily Photographer Irvin
Henrikson's camera is covered with February's icy rain as he cap-
tures a University student gently lifting a dry-footed coed over one
one the many puddles spotting campus areas after the incessant
drizzle.
TO FIND 'ABUSES':
House Members Urge
Investigation of Sports
WASHINGTON (P)-House members, their interest sparked by the
Supreme Court decision that pro football is subject to antitrust laws,
talked yesterday of investigating three major professional sports-
football, baseball and boxing.
Legislation was also introduced to declare that baseball also is a
business and subject to antitrust laws.
The suggestion for a football and boxing inquiry came from Rep.
K. B. Keating (R-NY), senior member of the House Antitrust sub-
committee. Keating said those

Justify

Some

Calls Large
'Boost 'Step
Backwards'
Says Scholarship
Aid Should Rise Too
By PETER ECKSTEIN
Special to The Daily
LANSING-University President
Harlan Hatcher yesterday told
legislators the Michigan college
presidents would agree to support
a moderate tuition hike "in line
with changing costs."
They would, however, be op-
posed to a "sharp increase."
Hatcher served as spokesman for
the Michigan Association of Col-
lege Presidents before a joint
meeting of the House Ways and
Means and the Senate Appropria-
tions committees.
Hatcher had said previously he
would "not readily agree" to leg-
islative demands tuition be in-
creased to partly compensate for
increased educational costs. And
yesterday he firmly rejected one
legislator's suggestion fees be
raised by $100 a year.
Long Step Further
"What you would certainly do
would be to price out of the mar-
ket some of our finest young
people. It would be a further step
toward purely economic selection.,
You can make just as good a case
for charging fees in our high
schools."
Hatcher called proposed sub-
stantial hikes in fees "out of har-
mony with our concept of public
education" and a "step r the
wrong direction." Only a "Judi-
cious use of scholarships" has pre-
vented the full "evils" of aband-
onment of the historic Michigan
idea of free education in favor of
partial tuition support.
Hatcher told The Daily he was
thinking in terms of the consum-
er's price index when he suggested
that tuition could be raised in
line with rising costs. An analysis
of University figures, however,
shows that tuition has gone up
more than the cost of living since
any of the four base years-1919,
1929, 1939 or 1951-used on Uni-
versity charts.
Other figures reveal, however,
that in University requests tuition
is budgeted to go down from this
year's 20 per cent of operating
costs to 19 per cent for 1957-1958.
Educational costs have risen
more sharply than the cost of liv-
ing in recent years, according to
University Vice-President Wilbur
Pierpont.
Challenge Hatcher
In spirited questioning, legisla-
tors challenged Hatcher on the
high number of University out-of-
state students, costly athletic pro-
grams at some colleges, the charg-
ing of residence hall utilities to
the state and utilization of exist-
ing classroom space.
Hatcher defended out-of-state
students as enriching the educa-
tional experience of Michigan
students, contender' that state
schools' athletic programs are ei-
ther self-supporting or justified
by recreational needs, and. argued
that charging dormitory utilities
to the students "would make it
harder" to get capable students to
college "instead of easier."
Sen. Elmer Porter (R-Blissfield)
came to Hatcher's defense at one
point by agreeing classroom space
appeared to be well utilized.
Contests Arg. *nt
But Porter contested Hatcher's
argument that the rising costs of
education would prevent capable
students from attending colleges.

"I agree that everyone should be
concerned with the rising cost of
living. But I wonder how many
students cannot find the means to
go to college. When I had to send
my child, I didn't ask the tax-
payers to do it.
"I can't conceive of any family
that can't afford to send a child to
college," the Appropriations Com-
mittee chairman concluded.
Caught Off Guard

sports had undergone infiltration
by "gamblers and gangsters."
Any antitrust aspects of the
sports, such as the legality of
players' contracts, should be in-
vestigated, Rep. Keating said in an
interview. But he added that such
an inquiry inevitably would also
get into other "abuses which have
plagued these sports in recent
years."
Chairman E. Cellar (D-NY) of
the Antitrust subcommittee indi-J
cated in an interview he has no ob-
jection in principle to such an in-
vestigation, but he said the sub-
committee has a heavy schedule
for this session of Congress and
might not find time to investigate.

LECTURE STUDY REPORT:
SGC Group To Ask Speaker Policy Clarifications

By VERNON NAHRGA G1
Clarification by the Committee on University Lectures of "what
it considers to be adequate grounds for denying approval of a speak-
er" is one of 12 recommendations included in the report 'of Student
Government Council's Lecture Study Committee.
Definition of "subversive speaker" and "subversive group" and a
method of appealing decisions of the Lecture Committee are other
recommendations called for in the report.
Created by SGC on Oct. 3, the committee was asked to study the
University Lecture Committee and the Regents' By-law concerning
outside speakers.
The recently completed report is scheduled for presentataion
at today's SGC meeting, accord-(

'oo Many
Demands':
Hungarians
By LANE VANDERSLICE
Two Hungarian students, speak-
ing last night at the Young Repub-
lican meeting, said the Hungarians
demanded "too much too soon." in
their fight for freedom.
Peter Katona and Miklos Gallai
spoke before an overflow crowd
of 60 people in Rm. 3G of the
Union.
"The Russians were too superior
in arms," Katona said, explaining
the reason for the Russian victory.
Gallai, a former member of the
Hungarian Army, said, "The people
used weapons against tanks that
the army wouldn't have used
against cars.
Went to People
The Hungarian army went over
to the side of the people almost
immediately and even before they
did they gave their weapons to
the civilians, Katona explained. In
addition to this, he estimated
nearly 3,000 Russian occupation
troops in Budapest defected.
When asked if the Hungarians
thought that the United States
would come to their aid, Katona
said, "not exactly but after the
Hungarians had been so brave forI
so long, we thought the United
States might have been brave too."
To escape from Hungary, Katona
simply took a train to a city near
the border and came across.
Strong Censorship
Describing the amount of cen-
sorship in Hungary, Katona said

of a speaker) ... to which student
organizations can refer."
Third "policies" recommenda-
tion is that the sponsoring organ-
ization should meet with the Lec-
ture Committee to discuss a
"questionable" speaker.
F u r t h e r recommendations
would require student groups, to
point out the speaker's views are
not necessarily those of the Uni-
versity and also allow time after
such speeches for questions to the
speaker.
Request Voting Power
Two "membership" recommen-
dations ask that two students be
given full voting membership on
the Lecture Committee and that
faculty members of the group be
selected for three-year, non-re-
newable terms.
Rationale for these suggestions
is that students should have a
voice in matters concerning their

speaker, the committee should ex-
plain its actions in a written re-
port to the sponsornig organiza-
tion.
4) "There should be a method
of appealing the decision of the
committee."
5) "The committee should meet
as a whole at regularly scheduled
meetings to consider all speakers."
Members of the committee were
Sawyer, chairman, League Presi-
dent Sue Arnold, '57Ed, SGC
President Joe Collins '58, Daily
Editor Richard Snyder, '57, and
Judy Martin, '59, secretary.
SGC To Discu iss
Boosts in Tuition
A motion concerning the recent
discussion of a raise in tuition
fees has been prepared for the at-
tention of Student Government

ing to Torn Sawyer, '58, commit-
tee chairman.
Encourage Students
In the report's introduction,
"Goals and Philosophy", the study
committee notes, ". . . students
should be encouraged in their at-
tempts to hear and understand
especially views which are out-
side the norms established as a
result of social and intellectual
n ,fnr.'n : t.

asked to be "publicized openly and
. implemented only by clearly
defined procedure."
At present the Lecture Commit-
tee must pass judgment on speak-
ers sponsored by student organi-
zations planning to use Univer-
sity facilities for the program.
Subdivide Recommendations
Recommendations in the study

I!

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