The Campaign Portrait
Gk Alrhigan fall
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT, PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
"When opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: JAMES ELSMAN
The 'Maroon' and Freedom:
What About the College Press?
Cops and Robbers Story
By The Associated Press
WHAT PROMISES to be the biggest cops-and-robbers story in years
is about to unfold in Washington.
The Senate is starting an all-out investigation of alleged racket-
eering in labor and industry. The hearings get under way Tuesday and
may run a year or more.
Before it ends the probe could shake some of the nation's labor
unions to their roots. If advance charges are made to stick, they could
spell prison terms for some of the men long reputed to be milking
union members and employers of millions of dollars.
The staff of Sen. McClellan (D-Ark), chairman of the special Sen-
ate committee established to handle the rackets inquiry, says it al-
THE CHICAGO MAROON'S "gag" issue hoax
was a clever trick with serious implications.
A few students were aroused enough to attend
a non-existent rally; some college newspapers
were disturbed enough to make it an editorial
issue. Perhaps part of the present student gen-
eration, though not overly careful in checking
its facts, is also not subject to much-touted
"apathy" about freedom.
The college press today is not in particularly
good shape as far as editorial freedom is con-
cerned. Some papers are put out under the
guiding light of a journalism department;
others are subject to the whims of faculty "ad-
Two years ago, The Daily Texan got into a
wrangle with its state legislature. Now The
Texan has a faculty censor. Recently The Daily
Kansan tried to get rid of a ruling forbidding
it to take political stands. It didn't succeed.
The blame for such lack of freedom can be
laid at two doors-that of university admin-
istration too scared, or too subject to outside
pressures, to want it otherwise and that of
student newspapers too short-sighted to care.
or too irresponsible to merit editorial freedom.
A STUDENT NEWSPAPER does not operate
under the same conditions as a privately-
owned, self-supporting one. A student news-
paper has no inhereint right to freedom in its
editorial policy. It exists at the pleasure of a
university or college; the students who put it
out are subject to institution regulations. Any
student newspaper with editorial freedom has
that freedom because the university believes
in its primarily educational value.
And, trite though it may sound, freedom can-
not exist without responsibility.
Many student newspapers are not respons-
ible. Cases of innaccurate reporting or state-
ments verging on libel are not uncommon. But
editorial responsibility goes even further than
devotion to accurate reporting-it demands
constant awareness of an obligation to provide
readers with truth, truth unobtainable with-
And many student newspapers which strive
incessantly for accurate reporting never give
a thought to the incongruity of a faculty censor,
no matter how beneficent, standing by. Such
newspapers are fulfilling only half their re-
Other newspapers, such as those which re-
ported and editorialized upon the Maroon in-
cident, are very concerned with responsibility
to freedom, but not equally concerned with
responsibility to accuracy.
O OBTAIN and maintain editorial freedom,
student newspapers must operate in a uni-
versity atmosphere permeated with firm belief
in the educational value of liberty. And they
themselves must believe in liberty enough to
make it a vital, dynamic part of everything they
AA Faces Bus Crisis
Expulsions StillE nexplaine
WHILE NO ONE denies the University's right
to remove men from the Residence Halls, it
seems reasonable to demand that this right
be exercised judiciously and fairly.
The three South Quadrangle expulsions, still
to be satisfactorily explained, raise questions
as to whether the Residence Hall Conference
Committee recognizes its responsibilities as well
as it does its rights.
The only charge made against the expelled
residents is that they "contributed to the exag-
gerated reporting" of the December food riot.
Certainly, if the three men are guilty of this
charge, the administration not only has suffi-
cient grounds for removing them from the
Quadrangle, but also for expelling them from
BUT IT HAS not yet been proven-and it is
doubtful if it can or will be-that these
students were directly or even indirectly respon-
sible for the exaggerated newspaper accounts
of the incident. Apparently, the only evidence
the University has against the men is that their
names appeared in Detroit newspaper articles
about the food riot.
Exaggerated accounts in at least one Detroit
newspaper suggest the University has a better
case against the Ann Arbor Police Department
than against the three Quadrangle residents.
Most of the overblown reports of the riot were
attributed to city police.
Also, the three expelled men deny having
made the comments attributed to them in the
papers. Moreover, none of them were given a
chance to explain their conduct to the Uni-
versity. None of them were confronted with the
specific charges which led to their removal
from the Residence Halls.
QOUTH QUADRANGLE COUNCIL and all
other "proper channels" should insist upon
a satisfactory explanation of the expulsions and
protect other men in the Residence Halls from
similar action in the future by demanding judi-
cious and fair action by the University.
By THOMAS BLUES
Daily Staff Writer
ON APRIL 6 the present city
transportation s y s t e m will
cease service. By that time Ann
Arbor must come up with a new
bus system or go'without.
Since 1947 Greyhound Co., which
has a franchise on the city trans-
portation system, has been losing
money. The problem is typical of
many transportation systems in
towns of this size. More people
have cars. Operating costs have,
Even with each of the estimated
1700 passengers paying 15 cents
fare the bus company cannotbreak
even. Greyhound decided to pull
out when their franchise expired
last August but Mayor Brown con-
-vinced the company to operate
through April 6, the city partially
rnaking up the losses.
There are three possibilities
which would allow transportation
in Ann Arbor to' continue beyond -
the date of Greyhound's with-
Pending the outcome of the
April 1 eleoion the city may go
into the bus business itself. Under
state law the voters must approve
such a move. On the April 1 ballot
will be a proposed $150,000 bond
issue which, if passed, will finance
bus purchasing and cost of re-
Also on the ballot will be a one
fourth mill increase proposal over
and above the city limit of seven
and one half mills authorized for
the operation of the system. This
would pay for bus operations.
* * *
CITY ADMINISTRATOR Guy C.
Larcom says that if the voters
want a city owned and operated
system, "we will run it." But, if
the citizens use the same judg-
ment they exhibitied in voting on
the Capital Improvements Plan a
city bus system is doomed to fail
before it begins.
Another possibility is another
company setting up business. Last
week Larcom received a telegram
from Morris Rox of the Washing-
ton, D. C. Transit Company. Rox
seems interested in looking over
the city for such a purpose. Lar-
com is arranging a meeting be-
tween the company and city of-
ficials for early March. Of course,
this is not to be counted on ser-
iously yet. The deal has not even
gotten to the talking stage.
A third alternative is perhaps
the best one offered and may go
a long way to clearing up the
problem. A group of 12 men led by
local attorney John W. Rae have
organized the Ann Arbor Transit
Co. These same twelve men will
operate the line including driving
the buses This system will cut
down a great deal of overhead ex-
penses. The corporation is relying
on a source from whom they plan
to purchase 12 buses at the cost of
an estimated $60,000. They will
pay for the buses at the rate of
$45 per day.
HERE IS the catch. They want
to be guaranteed that daily pay-
ment. Therefore, they want the
city to make up any difference be-
tween 15% of the day's gross pas-
senger fare and $45.
According to a recent survey
approximately 1,700 passengers
ride the present line each day. By
charging 25c fare the city would
have to pay only if the number of
passengers fell below 1,200. If more
than 1,200 ride the buses each day
the city will not have to pay a
dime to the corporation.
The remaining 85% of the gross
receipts will pay operating costs
and the salaries of the owner-op-
Only one fly is in the ointment.
The president of the bus supply
firm is in Cuba. The board of dir-
ectors claim they cannot act until
they hear from him. The deal is up
in the air until the corporation is
definitely able to depend on the
buses on the 45 dollar a day basis.
Here is the crux of the matter.
Each member of the corporation
has put up $100 to begin operations
but no 'more can be done until
they hear from the supplier.
* * *
THOSE ARE the possibilities for
transportation service in Ann Ar-I
bor. For years the city has been
searching for a company to come
to Ann Arbor. None have taken
In the event the voters do not
go along with a city owned com-
pany the best deal in the long run
may well be the 12 man corpora-
tion. Their proposed routes cover
the city adequately and regularly.
Theii service would have to be ex-
cellent since the drive'rs would de-
pend on the public directly for
their income. If present break-
down with the supplier can be
ironed out, it may be well for the
city to seriously consider this new
corporation as an answer to a
long standing transportation prob-
Thanks . . .
To the Editors :
ON BEHALF of the Washtenaw
County Republican Committee
I'd like to express appreciation
for the splendid cooperation of
your staff who recently covered
Governor McKeldin's visit and
the Lincoln Day Dinner.
Eight years ago I was working
on my college newspaper. I'm
still young enough to appreciate
their enthusiasm and interest and
they.did a fine ;ob.
-Mrs. Bettie Magee
Lincoln Day Dinner
ready has uncovered signs of wide-
spread fraud, corruption and ex-
The committee is reported to be
investigating the circumstances
surrounding at least four gangster
style slayings with labor connec-
The probers are also hunting
for any evidence that will show
rackets in various cities to be tied
together and directed by a few
individuals bent on corrupting
labor and business for their own
THE OPENING hearings Tues-
day will bear on alleged links be-
tween some Teamsters Union of-
ficials and racketeers dealing in
gambling and prostitution in Port-
land, Ore. A score dE witnesses have
been called for this phase of the
hearings, which were requested
by the Portland City Council.
The giant teamsters organiza-
tion-the country's largest union
with a claimed 1%/2 million mem-
bers-will get a lot of the com-
mittee's attention. Investigators
have been digging into the truck-
ing union's affairs in a number of
McClennan said Thursday some
of the records he aimed to sub-
poena from the Seattle files of the
teamsters "have been destroyed."
Later, McClellan's committee re-
ported other teamster records are
missing, this time from Portland,
Samuel Bassett, a teamsters
lawyer, said the Seattle records
were "inadvertantly destroyed" in
1953 or 1954 when the basement
of the union headquarters was be-
ing cleared out on fire department
orders. He said the committee
knew this and was giving a false
impression about their disappear-
Robert F. Kennedy, committee
counsel, said he wondered wheth-1
er Bassett would have the same
explanation as to the Portland
* * *
PREVIOUSLY, four teamsters
officials - including Vice Presi-
dents Einar Mohn, Washington,
and Frank Brewster, Seattle-
were cited for contempt of Con-
gress. They refused to answer
questions before an earlier com-
mittee, also headed by McClellan,
contending that group lacked
authority to investigate union af-
Dave Beck, Teamsters Union
president said to be a millionaire
or close to it, failed to appear vol-
untarily before the earlier Mc-
Clellan group, claiming illness.
Beck is now on his third trip to
Europe in as many months, but
has promised to return in time to
All Beck's personal financial
records back to 1950 have been
requested by McClellan's commit-
tee. Beck said recently in Europe
that while he'd made "a helluva
lot of money" he had no objection
to senators looking over his af-
fairs - "so long as they do it
legally and without trying to play
politics in and concert with what
my attorneys advise me."
While some labor union leaders
may seem reluctant to cooperate,
others have indicated they wel-
come congressional help in rid-
ding labor's ranks of corruption
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3553 Administration Building, before
2 p.m. the day preceding publication.
Notices for Sunday Daily due at 2:00
VOL. LXVII, No. 100
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1957
General Undergraduate Scholarship
application forms are available at t
Scholarship Division of the Office of
Student Affairs, 2018 student Activi
ties Building. Deadline for making ap-
plication is March 1, 1957.
Choral Union members are reminded
to pick up their courtesy passes admit-
ting to the Cincinnati Symphony Or-
chestra concert on the day of the per-
formance, Tues., Feb. 26, between 9:00
and 11:30 a.m., and 1:00 to 4:00 p.m.,
at the offices of the University Musical
Society in Burton Memorial Tower.
University Lectures. Auspices of the
Department of Fine Arts. By Prof. A.
D. Trendall, Australian National Uni-
versity, on Tues., Feb. 26, in Room ,
Angell Hal - subject, "Comedy and '
Vase P'ainting;" and on Wed., Feb. 27,
in Aud. B, Angell Hall-subject, "The
Classical Background to Western Art."
sigma XI announces a lecture by the
National Sigma Xi Lecturer, Dr. Rich-
ard J. Russell, professor of geography
and dean of the Graduate School,
Louisiana State University, on "In-
stability of Sea Level," Wed., Feb. 27,
8:00 p.m. Rackham Assembly Hall. Pub-
lic Invited. Refreshments.
University Lecture in Journalism.
Carl E. Lindstrom, executive editor of
The Hartford (Connecticut) Times, will
speak on "The Scientific Approach in
Journalism" in the Rackham Amphi-
theater at 3:00 p.m. Mon., Feb. 25.
Dr. Ralph Bunche Lecture Postponed.
Dr. Bunche, Under Secretary of the
UN, is on a special mission to the Mid-
die East and unable to fill his engage-
menthere tomorrow evening. He will
appear at Hill Auditorium Sunday,
March 31, at 4:30 p.m. undet the auspi-
ces of the University Lecture Course.
The Cincinnati Symphony Orches-
tra, Thor Johnson, conductor, will give
the ninth concert in the current Choral
Union Series Tues., Feb. 26 at 8:30
p.m. in Hill Auditorium. Mayme~Miller,
Pianist from Chicago, will be soloist.
A limited number of tickets is avail-
able at the offices of the University
Musical Society, Burton Memorial Tow-
er, and will also be on sale after 7:00
,on the night of the performance in the
Hill Auditorium box office.
Schools of Business Administration,
Education, Music,,"Natural Resources
and Public Health. Students who re-
ceived marks of I, X or 'no reports' at
the end of their last semester or sum-
mer session of attendance, will receive
a grade of "E" in the course or courses,
unless this work Is ma~de up. Students
wishing an extensicn of time beyond
the date of March 6 in order to make
up this work, should file a petition,
addressedsto the appropriate official
of their School, with Room 1513, Ad-
ministration Building, where it will be
All Teacher's Certificate Candidates:
Please fill out the application for the
teacher's certificate if you hav not
already done so, and return it Immed-
ately to the Recorder's Office in the
Scl ool of Education, 1437 Univesity
Classes in fencing for men, beginning
and intermediate, will be organized at
4:30 p.m. Mon. and Tues., Feb. 25 and
26, in the Boxing Room of the Intra
mural Bldg. Protective equipment and
weapons will be supplied. Call NO 2-
2400 for further information.
Playwriting (English 150) class meet-
ing for Tues., Feb. 26 will be at 7:00
p.m. sharp (i.e., 6:55) in 1429 Mason
Mathematics Colloquium. Tues., Feb.
19 at 4:10 p.m. in Room 3011, Angell
Hall. Prof. Oscar Wesler will speak on
"Topology, Group Theory and Statis-
tics." Tea and coffee at 3:45 in Room
3212, Angeli Hall.
sis Likert, director of the Institute for
Social Research, will lecture on "Op-
erations Research in Human Behavior"
on Wed., Feb. 27. Coffee Hour at 3:30
in Room 243, West Engineering Build-
ing and seminar in Room 229, West
Engineering at 4:00 p.m. All faculty
members are welcome.
Beginning with Tues., February 26,
the following schools will be at the
Bureau of Appointments to interview
forteachers for the 1957-58 school year.
Tues., Feb. 26
Bakersfield, California (Kern County)
-English; Girls Physical Education;
Home Economics; Math; Social Stud-
ies; Business Education; Science; In-
dustrial Arts; Librarian.
Grand Rapids, Michigan - Elemen-
tary; Junior High; Math; Science; In-
dustrial Arts; Home Economics.
Wed., Feb. 27
ANOThER PETAL has wilted in that most
delicate of flowers, Ann Arbor theater. After
three years of professional production, the
Dramatic Arts Center is closing. The reason:
"The decision was made necessary because of
inability to find a new location . . ." DAC'
Board President Richard J. Mann explained.
Those who hae attended near-empty-audi-
torium pr-"' "cs in Masonic Temple can
think of P on: the DAC has failed
to attract cist oners, and without an audience
no theater, good or poor, can survive.
One can blame poor attendance on many
groups, from unsympathetic criticism to lethar-
gic local citizens. The fault, however, is really'
the DAC's, as a look at its history will indicate.
ITS FIRST YEAR was lively and interesting;
its second year had high spots; this season
has been dull and unimaginative. 'The DAC
cannot provide theatrical artists as polished
and talented as those easily available on televi-
sion, in the movies-or even during occasional
trips to New York and Detroit. If it is to attract
customers, it must have, to begin, excellent
plays. Works like "Captain Carvallo," "The
Country Girl" and "Inheritors" are hardly "ex-
cellent"; it would take the most brilliant per-
RICHARD SNYDER, Editor
RICHARD HALLORAN LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
GAIL GOLDSTEIN .. ........... Personnel Director
ERNEST THECDOSSIN............. Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK ... Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN THOMAS................Features Editor
DAVID GREY . . .................... Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER......... Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN HEILPERN .....Associate Sports Editor
VIRGINIA ROBERTSON.........s.Women's Editor
JANE FOWLER...........Associate Women's Editor
ARLINE LEWIS............ Women's Feature Editor
JOHN HIRTZEL.................Chief Photographer
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN ... Assocaite Business Manager
WILLIAM PUSCH .............. Advertising Manager
formers available in America and Europe to do
anything decent with "Inheritors."
The idea of supporting local professional
theater so we can have live theater is admittedly
a noble sentiment; but it is the responsibility of
the theater to provide stimulating evenings. By
selecting plays either banal or unsuitable to an
arena theater, the DAC is unlikely to be inspir-
F OR ITS FINAL production the DAC is doing
"Medea." Why this play, difficult enough in
a. proscenium theater, should ever be shifted to
the round is a question I cannot hope to
answer. Whatever the DAC accomplishes, it
has put itself under unnecessary hardships in
doing Greek tragedy.
Further, the DAC has given us the most
intimate theater endurable and has shouted and
screamed at us while reading plays anything
but intimate. In an atmosphere natural for
reconstruction of an Elizabethan stage, it has
completelysignored Shakespeare and his con-
If one examines the few DAC triumphs (like
"No Exit" or "Pygmallion" or "A Phoenix Too
Frequent") he will see they have been exciting
plays and plays appropriate to the Masonic
When a theater cannot compete with speech
department playbills for interest, it ought to
examine its purposes and presentations.
New Books at the Library
Bassing, Eileen-Home Before Dark; N.Y.,
Baum, Vicki - Written on Water; N.Y.,
Coates, Robert M. - The Hour After Westerly
and Other Stories; N.Y., Harcourt Brace, 1956-7.
Coon, Carleton S. - The Seven Caves; N.Y.,
Davies, A. Powell - The Meaning of the Dead
Sea Scrolls; N.Y., New American Library, 1956.
Jonas, Carl - Our Revels Now Are Ended;
N.Y., Norton, 1957.
Meyer, Leonard B. - Emotions and Meaning
in Muic; Chicagn TTniv of Chicago Press. 1956.
TALKING ON TELEVISION:
NBC Lost in Its Handling of This 'Find'
By LARRY EINHORN
Daily Television Writer
ERNIE KOVACS has been on tel-
evision for a good number of
years. He has appeared lacally in
New York. Last summer he was
the star of his own hour-long net-
work television program.
More recently he was the Mon-
day and Tuesday night replace-
ment for Steve Allen on the old
"Tonight". A month ago he "tried
out" his own show as the last half
hour of the Jerry Lewis spectac-
After all these years Kovacs is
still "trying out" programs for
NBC, his employer. NBC was sat-
isfied with his "tryout" a month
ago, and has decided to keep him
under wraps for the remainder of
this season and then "introduce"
him next season billed as "the
comedy find of 1958."
Last Saturday night Kovacs was
nominated for an Emmy in the
category titled "Best comedian in
a continuina nerformance on a
ERNIE KOVACS may go down
as the first person in television
history to enter a new season billed
as the "find" of that new season
while on his mantle at home will
rest the industry's highest award
for achievement in the field for
last season, the same find in which
he is billed as a "find" for the
The National Broadcasting Com-
pany may not be able to figure out
what was said in the preceeding
sentence, but they should be able
to figure out that Kovacs&Is ready
anytime to begin a regular net-
work program, and doesn't need
any introduction to his many fans
who have been watching and en-
joying him on television for quite
Kovacs, incidently, provided the
only bright spot in the otherwise
dull ninety minutes of Emmy nom-
inations last Saturday. His satire
of one of television's most oft-
times seen commercials demon-
strated his cleverness in bc "h writ-
BUT EACH YEAR they seem to
find a less entertaining method of
presenting their award. They have
just about any television talent to
choose from for entertainers. They
have the budget of any specta-
And they have a big audience.
(Last week's show received a high-
er rating than almost the com-
bined rating of all of the regular
CBS and ABC Saturday night
I guess that they just feel that
if they put on a real sloppy pro-
gram for all of these millions of
viewers it will make the regular
television programs seem better.
It's all a matter of relativity or
* * *
ONE CHAMPION dethroned an-
other last Monday night. Charles
Van Doren and "Twenty One"
scored a higher rating than the
competing "I Love Lucy." This is
the first time since October 15,
..n t - 1.. .... - ..- - __,J_
from Holland who made money for
the government. Since he was the
last contestant and there wasn't
too much time left in the program,
John Daly informed the panel that
they had three minutes in which
to discover the occupation of Mr.
Mr. X immediately and very
naturally looked at his watch. No
one paid any attention to this
action, but the question in my
mind is whether Mr. X just wanted
to see what time it was or if he
was in his own way timing the
panel to make sure that they
didn't get over three minutes.
* * *
ONE OF television's biggest
sponsors should be chastised for
use of language over the airways.
There are children listening and
watching television, and this type
of language should not be per-
mitted to be spoken, for it may
corrupt their future educational