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When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: TAMMY MORRISON
New Calendar Committee
Can Resolve Dissatisfaction
W You Fellows Aren't Going To Put It BacW
Just Like That, Are You?"
THE UNIVERSITY dleserves applause for its
long-awaited recognition of wide dissatis-
faction with the present academic calendar and
its appointment of a new study committee
with an enthusiastic and determined chairman.
Although it took a strong statement from
Student Government Council to finally under-
line the problems darkly enough, the University
deserves support for its committee of "immedi-
Moreover, the naming of Prof. John Kohl to
chair the study group strengthens the Univer-
sity's faith in the committee.
Prof. Kohl's enthusiasm appears strong; he
has made it clear the committee will go far
into the problem areas concerned and not
merely "shuffle dates' in the school year.
ABOVE ALL, a thorough re-evaluation of
semi-annual educational and administrative
procedures and functions is what is needed.
Assistant to the President Erich A. Walter
mentioned last semester he would like to see
this, but as chairman of the standing calendar
committee he did nothing.
Perhaps final examinations are no longer
necessary-some schools do well without them.
Perhaps they can be made a freshman institu-
tion only, with sophomores and upperclassmen
exempt. Perhaps three-a-day, two-hour exami-
nations are the answer. t
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Russia Warns Poland
With Economic Sanctions
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
RUSSIA IS APPLYING economic sanctions as a warning to Poland
not to get too far out of line.
This is one of the factors involved in the negotiations to be under-
taken in Washington by the Polish Trade Commission which left
Are fifteen full weeks of school really needed?
Some professors lament the 250 or 300 lectures
they give early, while other claim they lack the
time to cover the necessary course material.
Can procedures of registration and classifica-
tion be simplified? As Prof. Kohl suggests, the
increasing mechanization in the Office of Regis-
tration and Records may eliminate the semi-
annual filling-out of the "railroad ticket."
NOW-the present-is and always will be the
best time for re-evaluation of the educa-
tional procedure at Michigan. As an institution
of learning, the University must be concerned
with giving its students the best possible educa-
tion as conveniently and economically as pos-
But the fact that the University has an-
nounced a working calendar committee is no
reason to believe the problem disposed of or
The committee will need help from faculty,
students and administrative personnel alike.
Every person concerned with the education
he or she is giving or receiving, every person
who feels the need of a convenient calendar to
work under, must assume the responsibility of
making positive contributions to the new Com-
mittee on the University Calendar.
Kashmir Forum of Real Value
Funeral Horses Saved!
By DREW PEARSON
This, coupled with develop-
ments in the new Polish Parlia-
ment which meets today, is ex-
pected to throw new light on the
American decision to try a
cautious economic aid program
The Washington administration
has decided that Poland, under the
Gomulka government, has emerged
sufficiently from direct Russian
control to merit some help.
* * *
THE DECISION was made as a
calculated risk, in the knowledge
that it would relieve Russia from
some of the Central European
clamor for better treatment, but
also in the hope that it would
encourage the movement toward
The Poles have indicated their
desire to conduct the negotiations
on a business, nonpolitical basis
by making up their commission of
economic experts with only one
Russia has begun to clamp on
sanctions now that Poland has
largely broken away from trade
arrangements which amounted to
blatant colonialist exploitation.
Unless she can find outlets in
other countries, contracts broken
by Moscow will put many Polish
workers out of jobs at a time when
the whole economy of the country
is already disrupted by former
Russian practices. It is Russia's
way of reminding of her continu-
* * *
AT THE SAME time the govern-
ment must walk softly to keep
Russia from turning history back
as she did in Hungary.
Poland doeshnot yet know, for
instance, whether she can safely
negotiate for outside sale of un-
completed ships for which Russia
has cancelled contracts.
By The Associated Press
Oils rallied late yesterday to give
a spark of life to the slowest stock
market session in three months.
The oils advanced in active trad-
ing, and some of their enthusiasm
was transmitted to the rest of the
list but not for long. Closing prices
were below their best of the day.
The general picture was irregu-
lar with a slight trend to the down-
side. The price changes for most
pivotal stocks was from fractions
to around $1. Some selected issues
dropped more sharly.
Most of the leading oils were on
the upside by fractions to as much
as $2 or more.
Yesterday the second session of
minor fluctuation following the
dramatic rise and fall of last week.
Wall Street analysts felt the
market was due for a breather to
consolidate its position.
The rise in the oils followed
news that the Texas Railroad
Commission had raised the state's
allowable oil production for March.
MONDAY NIGHT'S forum concerning the
Kashmir dispute was of real educational
value to the University community.
Background of the dispute dating back to
the partition of the Indian-Pakistan subconti-
nent and the religious and political aspects of
the Kashmir case were reviewed. The present
attempts to solve the problem through the
United Nations were discussed. The under-
lying emotional feeling of the Indians and the
Pakistanis was brought out. Most important,
for Americans, a firsthand account from per-
sons immediately concered was outlined.
Mechanically, the forum was well organized.
The moderator did an excellent job in recog-
nizing speakers and keeping a discussion which
might have turned into emotional rantings,
calm and dispassionate.
Speakers were well chosen, and both Indian
and Pakistani representatives, the main parties
in the dispute, were alloted time fairly and
equally. Students from nations not directly
concerned with the issue were also allowed a
just proportion of time.
Substantively, the forum was enlightening
to the listener. The speakers seemed well pre-
pared, with few exceptions, and informed on
the subject. Comments were timely and appro-
priate. The representative from Germany, es-
pecially, is to be commended for his thoughtful
comparison of the Kashmir situation to that
of the Saar.
ONLY OBJECTION which might be raised is
that the sponsoring organization, the Paki-
stani Student's Association, was one of the
parties primarily concerned in the debate.
An impartial sponsoring agency would lend
a touch of objectivity to a debate which dealt
with an emotionally-tinged subject. Efforts
have been made by some of the participants in
the forum to establish an organization which
could conduct functions such as the Monday
night forum in an atmosphere of impartiality.
The main attempt has been made by a group
interested in forming a Committee to Uphold
the United Nations. This group would sponsor
a series of forums dealing with current contro-
Their efforts, unsuccessful to date, should
The sponsoring club, in spite of this objection,
and the students involved in the debate are to
be congratulated for rendering a worthwhile
A .LOT OF PEOPLE had a hand
in saving the seventeen Army
funeral horses at Ft. Meyer, Va.,
including General George C. Mar-
shall and a little girl in Wayne,
Maine. But the man who really
saved them was the Commander-
in-Chief, Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Here is the inside story of what
The man who chiefly wanted to
get rid of the horses was the Secre-
tary of Defense, Charles E. Wil-
son, who has spent his life build-
ing horseless carriages and who is
definitely anti-horse. He also has
a mad on against the Veterinarian
Corps, and ordered a survey of all
the animals in the Army to see
how many were really needed and
why we needed any vets to care for
The survey showed 116 horses,
314 mules, and 950 dogs left in the
Army. It also showed that horse-
drawn funerals were considerably
more expensive than motorized
hearses. At this point and without
waiting for an order from Secre-
tary Wilson, General Wilkiston
Palmer, Vice-Chief of Staff, order-
ed the end of horse-drawn funerals
at Ft. Meyer. General Maxwell
Taylor, the Army's Chief of Staff,
was absent at the time.
* * *
THE REASONS General Palmer
moved without an OK from above,
according to Pentagon sources, is
that he knew Secretary Wilson
was anti-horse. His Pentagon
critics also claim that General
Palmer was angling for the post
of Chief of Staff after General
At any rate, he signed the order.
Then came the reaction. Some
of the reactions came from this
column. Following its publication,
Congressman Carl Vinson of Geor-
gia, potent Chairman of the House
Armed Services Committee, was
deluged with letters. One which
particularly touched Vinson came
from Paula Swasey of Wayne, Me.,
"Dear Rep. Vinson: I am ten
years old. I have always wanted a
horse. I read in the newspaper
where you might have to get rid
of the 17 Army horses. If you have
to get rid of them, I would like to
"I would take good care of it
because I love horses. Sincerely
yours, Paula Swasey."
Touched by the letter, Congress-
man Vinson wrote back:
"Dear Paula: I wish it were
within my power to give one of the
Army horses to a fine young lady
like you, because I know' you
would give it a good home. But
they are not mine to gife.
"So while I regret that I cannot
send you one of the horses, I'm
sure that you would be just as
happy if you knew that the horses
would continue to be used in keep-
ing with one of our great traditions
in honor of .our deceased military
"I shall do everything I can to
make that possible."
* * *
HE DID. However, other potent
persons were also working on be-
half of the army horses, one of
them being General George C.
Marshall, former Chief of Staff
and former Secretary of Defense.
He called the White House and
asked to speak to the man who
used to take wartime orders from
Marshall once promoted Eisen-
hower from Lieutenant Colonel to
Lieutenant General in less than a
year, also recommended him as
Commanding General for Europe.
But Eisenhower didn't take his
call. Marshall had to settle for
General Wilton Persons, Ike's aide,
whom he urged to keep the Ft.
Myer horses. Persons relayed the
message to the President.
At this point the President him-
self intervened. He ordered horse-
drawn.funerals at Ft. Meyer con-
It was just as simple as that.
Note - one aftermath of the
"Battle of the Ft. Myer horses" is
that General Palmer, who ordered
them out of the Army, is going
to be out of the Army himself.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
(Continued from Page 3)
or Business Administration for Gen-
eral Administrative Trainee.
Cleveland, Ohio - Location of Work,
Clevelnad, Ohio - Location of Work,
Cleveland, Ohio. Men with any degree
for General Banking. Executive Poten-
tial with Sales Drive.
Thursday, February 28
Whirpool-Seeger Corp., St. Joseph,
Mich. - Location of Work, St. Joseph
and Ohio Divisions. Men with B.A. or
M.A. in Liberal Arts for 1. Management
2. Sales or 3. Training
Shilito's Department Stores, Cincin-
nati, Ohio - men and women with
any degree for management training.
J. P. Morgan Co., Inc. New York City,
N.Y. - men with B.A. or M.A. in Lib-
eral Arts for Executive Careers in J. P.
The J. L. Hudson Co., Detroit, Mich.
men and women with degrees in Lib-
eral Arts or Business Administration
for Executive Training to develop Ex-
ecutives at the Assistant Department
Friday, March 1
International Business Machines
New York City. N. Y. - Location of
work, Plants: Endicott, Poughkeepsie,
Kingston, Owego, New York; Washing-
ton, D.C.; San Jose, California; Green-
castle, Ind.; Rochester, Minn.; Lexing-
ton, Ky.; Laboratories: Endicott,
Poughkeepsie Kingston, Owego, N.Y.;
San Jose, Calif. Offices: Prncipal cities
of the U.S. Men for 1. Sales, A.B., B.S.,
M.A. or M.S. in Liberal Arts or Busi-
ness Administration. Extensive training
with pay in Sales and Business Elec-
tronics 2. Technical Services. Any de-
gree. Men and women assist customers
in the installation and application of
electric accounting machines and elec-
tronic data processing systems. 3. Ap-
plied Science. M.S. or Ph.D. in Math
or one of the Physical Sciences. Excel-
lent Training under the direction of
skilled scientists is give in prepara-
tion for the important consulting
International Business Machines, De-
troit, Mich.-Location of Work, East
and Midwest. Men with any degree for
1. Finance, 2. Marketing 3. Manufac-
turing Administration, 4. Sales 5. Per-
sonnel, 6. Customer Service 7. Applied
Women for Customer Services De-
partment. The duties are 1. Train IBM
personnel and customers on how to set
up and apply our equipment to busi-
ness procedures 2. Help customers in
the installations on machine and sys-
tems problems. 3. Work with our sales-
man on new approaches to data pro-
Lumberman's Mutual Casualty Co.
Chicago, 111. Men for Sales Training,
Claims, Underwriting, Inspection, Man-
Argus Cameras, Division of Sylvada
Electric Products, Ann Arbor, Mich. -
Location of Work, Ann Arbor during
training period with relocation later
anywhere in the U.S. Men with any de-
gree for Sales Training Program.
Union Carbide and Carbon Co. New
York City - men with degree in Econ-
omics, Mathematics, Chemistry and
Physics for 1. Credit, 2. General or
Sales Accounting 3. Management Serv-
ices and 4. Methods Work.
Additional information can be ob-
tained from the Bureau by coming
into the office or calling extension 3371
at the University. Material is also
available on many of the companies
interviewing during the week of Feb-
ruary 25, 1957.
We should like to have your schedule
of classes for the second semester or
other information for your file.
Appointments for interviews must
be made by 4 p.m. of the preceding day
of the interview.
The Hammermill Paper Co. needs
junior forestry tudents for approx.
12 weeks during summer months. Each
man will be stationed in a forest dis-
trict in Penna. and will be in charge
of a two or three man working party.
For further informaation contact the
Bureau of Appointments.
Morris Knowles Inc., City Planning
Division, in Easton, Penna. needs ju-
nior planners for summer months. Ap-
plicant should have background of
city planning, engineering, architec-
ture, law, economics,esociology, govern,
ment or eated fields.
Marshall Field and Co. in Chicago
are looking for young women to serve
on their college board this summer.
Further details available.
The Summer Placement Service will
meet in Room 3G of the Michigan
Union today from 9 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.
Representatives of several camps will
News Ban on Communist China
N IMPORTANT issue over which the press
has been surprisingly complacent is the
current State Departmeint ban on American
newsmen traveling in Communist China.
Last August, the Peiping government invited
fifteen American newsmen to visit the mainland
of China. Several major newspaper and wire
services responded immediately, sending corres-
pondents to British-controlled Hong Kong, the
only admission port available.
The State Department, however, stepped in
before any of the newspapermen could go into
China and forbade them entry, threatening to
revoke their passports if they did not comply.
It said the United States government could not
guarantee its diplomatic protection to citizens
traveling in a nation whose government is
illegally detaining American citizens.
Another reason, given later, was that the
United States does not recognize the Communist
government of China, and thus should prevent
American citizens from having contact with
Despite pleas from publishers and editors that
newsmen would take their traditional chances,
the State Department stood firm on the ban.
Then, in December, three reporters defied the
Washington ruling, leaving Hong Kong for the
interior of China. The State Department re-
voked their passports and indicated the men
would be liable for criminal prosecution upon
The President has publicly supported the
restriction and recent statements by Secretary
of State Dulles indicate there will be no lifting
of the ban.
THROUGHOUT this entire matter, the .De-
partment of State has displayed a remark-
able lack of common sense, ignoring two vital
reasons, one practical and the other a matter
of principle, for not only allowing American
correspondents, but encouraging them, as much
as possible, to go to Communist China.
On the practical side, a Communist govern-
ment, about which we know relatively little,
is ruling China, a huge country of 600 million
people. The People's Republic of China has
become one of the most influential of the big
nations contrilling international power politics.
Of the many drastic changes which have
taken place in China since the Communists
came to power, we have some inkling through
the reports from Peiping or from sympathizers
and supporters of the Communist government.
But for eight years no American representa-
tive, private or governmental, has been in China
to observe and report what is going on there.
The American people and, more important, the
American government, cannot possibly have
more than an extremely cloudy view of what is
transpiring in contemporary China.
Intelligent foreign policy can be formulated
and implemented only when based on sound,
accurate and comprehensive information. Yet
the Department of State has deliberately chosen
to cut off a potential source of vital information
for which it should have top priority use, a
move hardly designed to produce a more real-
istic approach to international relations in
general and United States interests in the Far
AS FOR PRINCIPLE, a segment of freedom
of the press has been cut off. The Depart-
ment of State has arbitrarily imposed a virtual
pre-censorship on information of which the
American people have a need and a right to
No element of the accepted limitations of free
speech is present in this case. Neither national
security (at least not in the immediate sense,
although certainly in the long run) nor slander
or libel is involved, nor is "clear and present"
danger to the American people even remotely
Interpretations of the First Amendment
clearly indicate that the press has the right to
gather and publish any news it sees fit, subject
only to such limited restrictions as outlined
above. And. this right to gather extends to
the far corners of the earth, where it can be
confined only by the sovereign power of another
The present ban on newsmen legitimately
entering Communist China is thus an encroach-
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Readers Express a Variety of Opinions
Education? . *
To the Editor:
THERE IS a fallacy which ought
to be pointed out, I think, in
he argument that Michigan should
play the University of Georgia
next fall. The argument is that it
will help educate the Georgia team
to better ideals of sportsmanship,
thereby striking a blow against
the principle of segregation.
The argument assumes that it
is the team members themselves
who are responsible for the segre-
gation policies of the University of
Quite the contrary is the case.
Segregation policies are imposed
upon the University by the Georgia
legislature, and willingly acceded
to by its administration. Students
have little to say on the matter.
The argument also assumes that
hostility to integration and equal-
ity is a rational error-that the
segregationists are simply mis-
taken as to some point of fact,
which when it is pointed out to
them they will recognize, and
alter their views accordingly.
Again the contrary is the case.
Segregation policies are on the
one hand the product of irration-
ality, blind prejudice, and on the
other hand the product of a delib-
erate effort to keep the Negro
Suppose we grant that to play
Georgia in the fall will confer
some educational benefit on the
team. It is manifest that the Uni-
versity of Georgia wonld heedu-
mations about the brotherhood of
man, but never mean to really do
anything about it.
-David R. Luce
Satire . .
To the Editor:
am afraid the Daily's criticism
of "Tea House of the August
Moon" gives much misunderstand-
ing to the readers. It certainly does
not belong to "popcorn-munching"
America's favorite comedies. The
critic obviously underestimates the
significant moral implications of
The movie implies satire against
American Occupation Administra-
tion and material superiority of
America as well as satire against
Japanese nationality. The value of
satire is appreciated only by in-
telligent people and one who can-
not understand the satire implied
in the "Tea House of August
Moon" will, no doubt accept the
movie as a mere quasi-farce.
To the Editor:
A T first I smiled to read about
the "one woman campaign for
student exchange between the U
of M and the Soviet Union". But
it's sad to think that out of 20,000
students at a university such as
Michigan there haven't risen
scores of voices enthusiastically
calling for such an exchange and
hnohainLr he +ha rtarneal n rmi-
viet Union, tell again and again
of the fantastic lack of knowledge
of the plain ordinary life that
Russians and Americans have of
Without this basic knowledge,
there can be no understanding,
there can be no friendship, there
can be no brotherhood, there can
be no peace.
Since through the existing poli-
tical and what existing organiza-
tional channels there are, only the
same type of exchange that now
takes place could possibly be at-
tained, it is up to us, the young
people, who have no commitments
in society except to effectively
work towards the goal so dear to
the heart of humanity; a goal
which has been mocked of late by
sustained suspicion and fear. Our
first step is to gain knowledge.
Currently, the only way that
seems obstructed to a surpassable
degree, in this project of attain-
ing understanding between the
people (we omit governments for
the present, since they come to
reflect the will of the people in
time) of America and the Soviet
Union is that of student exchange.
I would like to see University
students, in dogged determination,
really come to lead in this whole
project and loudly and unceasingly
supporting and clamoring for this
exchange program between Michi-
gan and the USSR.
-Nadya Spassenko, '56
Chamber Music .
To te I. in...
in providing well-played chamber
music, it is also good to have out-
side groups, such as the Italiano
and the Budapest Quartets as of-
ten as possible. It might also be
possible to schedule other types
of ensembles, such as Trios and
Perhaps if students and faculty
indicated support for the idea of
putting the Chamber Music Festi-
val on a semi-annual basis, by
writing either to The Daily or to
the Festival officials, serious con-
sideration might be given to such
-Anthony Kallet, Grad.
LITTLE MAN ON CAMPUS
by Dick Bibler
'I C I