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September 21, 1956 - Image 4

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~1gAir14gan DaiIg
Sixty-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

'W'hoa, There-Slow Down This Mad, Breakneck Pace!'

en Opinions Are Free
ruth Wil Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

DAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1956

NIGHT EDITOR: TAMMY MORRISON

Self-Liquidating Program
Causes Housing Privations

THIS FAIL'S unnecessary housing shortage
and related student privation and incon-
nience can be blamed on the failure of the
:iversity's "self-liquidating" dormitory pro-
am to meet vaulting enrollments.
The Upiversity has and does recognize its
ligation to provide proper housing facilities
r its students. The Board of Regents of the
niversity used these words in describing the
eals for the expansion of the residence hall,
stem-"The Board of Regents has insisted
om the inception of the plans for the new
sidence halls that the houses should be cen-
rs of student life. They recognize that,
oadly conceived, education should include
th formal instruction in the business of
ring and informal training in the enrich-
ent of personality.".
Further, and this will, surprise many offen-
rs, a Regent by-law demands that "All
dergraduate men students (women too) not
ing with their families shall live in Uni-
rsity residence halls' for men or in other
sidences approved by the Dean of Men.
men students, graduate or undergraduate,
ay live in private apartments.
The Dean of Men is given authority to make
ceptions to these regulations 'in cases where
his opinion conditions warrant such action."
ds has joined the dodo in extinction, over-
>ked by an administration caught with a
using 'condition' which is grossly out of
nd.
1E! UNIVERSITY'S 'self-liquidation' pro-
gran of dormitory financing has not pro-

vided sufficient housing for students - one
need only ask the 100-plus sardined into dor-
mitory 'pools,' the foreign students temporarily
lodged at the Pound House, the commuters
from Ypsilanti and farther places, or the many
who pay supplier's-market rents because the
University couldn't offer them a room.
Why can't the self-liquidation plan (where
students pay for dormitoriess, Health Service,
Union, etc. with tuition and room payments)
work? It simply can't keep its head above the.
enrollment water, which as Deborah Bacon,
Dean of Women says "is rising in the bathtub
every fall."
HERE IS THE nub of the argument. Take
the fiscal year of 1954-55 for example.
Then, income from the residence hall system
was $4,670,016 with operating expenses of
$3,599,873, leaving $1,070,154. $1,015,970 of
this final sum was applied to the debt (an
unbelievably staggering $14,521,000 out of a
total program since 1930 of only $22,854,977
and leaping ahead every year), leaving an im-
potent $54,173 on reserve.
Assuming, along with University administra-
tors, that enrollment will rise 1200 students
each year and knowing that it costs $5,000,000
to build a new dorm for 1200 students, how can
self-liquidation do the job when it has only
$54,173 in black ink in a year? One-one hun-
dredth of a job is not enough.
This situation requires immediate Regential
attention and a fast, positive solution to a
critical student problem.
-JAMES ELSMAN

2$C"
T~.Ii,( 5,
4,' y .Yrl
or <
key X 51..yr ._
j QUA
A ' - 1

W. K. KELLOGG:
'Cornf lake King
THE ORIGINAL HAS THIS SIGNATURE-W. K. KELLOGG.
A biography by Horace B. Powell. 358 pp. Englewood Cliffs,
N.J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1956. $5.
rI E NAME "KELLOGG" is certainly a familiar one in homes all
over America and in many other parts of the world as well. W. K.
Kellogg, the "Cornflake King," by his pioneering in health foods around
the turn of the century, changed the basic makeup of the American
breakfastmenu in only a few short years.
Yet this industrial titan, whose product enabled him to amass one
of the great fortunes of the 20th century, remained an enigma to the

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4

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Peaceful Fields Belie Tension
By DREW PEARSON

Segregation Setbacks
Only Temporary

D ESPITE SLTBACKS in many cities and
counties, the desegregation of schools move-
ment in the South and in borderline states
is moving markedly toward a unified, unsegre-
gated system.
In Kentucky, for example, Louisville and
other cities are having little or no trouble
in desegregating their schools this year, while
Clay and, more recently, Sturgis, are finding
a fight on their hands and are having to give
in a little to the pro-segregationalists.
Eight Negroes went to Sturgis High School
for two weeks this month and the other
students boycotted the school until the county
board of education ordered the Negroes out
and authorized a return to the old ways.

give in. It is obvious that segregation can
only be brought about with the eventual co-
operation of all officials complying to the
spirit if not the letter of the law.
Secondly, events in Sturgis show that there
is definite progress being made with respect to
desegregation. The important thing is not so
much the fact that the authorities gave in
after two weeks,s but that ,there actually was
desegregation for two weeks.
No one expects the southernmost states to
desegregate overnight. Tabulations have
shown that in many counties deep in the
heart of Dixie there is no hope for open schools
in the next twenty to fifty years.
H4OWEVER, the mere fact that desegregation

THIS INCIDENT in Sturgis illustrates two is making headway, in spite of a few se
things. The first is that desegregation backs is encouraging. The events in Sturg
cannot at present go ahead without the co- are not to be condemned-rather, they mu
operation of county and other local officialss be looked at with greater hope for the futur
involved. Perhaps next year the schools will rema
Sturgis is an example of local authoritiess' desegregated for only four weeks, but eventi
inability to move in the face of opposition ally they're going to stay desesgregated f
from the townspeople. After only two weeks good.
of segregation, they found it necessary to-VERNON NAHRGANG
Sigma Kappa in Embarrassing Spot

et-
gis
.st
re.
in
LU-
or

RECENT ACTION by Sigma Kappa's na-
tional organization has put the local chap-
ter in an embarrassing and unfortunate
position.
In suspending chapters at Cornell and Tufts,
apparently for pledging Negro girls, the
national has run the risk of placing the Uni-
versity's chapter in possible violation of
Student Government Council regulations.
A 1949 Student Affairs Committee ruling
prohibits recognition of new groups that re-
strict membership on religious or racial
grounds. Sigma Kappa was recognized in 1954
and is subject to the ruling.
If, in fact, the two chapters wsere suspended
because, they pledged Negro girls it follows
that the local chapter, whether it wants to or
not, must restrict membership, thus violating
the ruling.
Editorial Staff
RICHARD SNYDER, Editor
RICHARD HALLORAN LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
GAIL GOLDSTEIN ............ Personnel Director
ERNEST THEODOSSIN ............ Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK....... Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN THOMAS............Features Editor
DAVID GREY .............. Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER ......... Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN HEILPERN ........ Associate Sports Editor
VIRGINIA ROBERTSON............Women's Editor
VANE FOWLER...........Associate Women's Editor
VERNON SODEN .. ........:Chief Photographer

SINCE ALL SAC RULINGS were adopted by.
SGC when the latter was formed two years
ago, it seems clear that it is within SGC's
scope to review the matter and take appropri-
ate steps.
The starting point, then, is whether or not
the Cornell and Tufts chapters were suspended
because they pledged Negro girls. From all
evidence gathered so far there is a strong
presumption that they were.
The manner in which the two chapters were
suspended, coupled with the national's attitude
and actions, does little to inspire confidence.
Sigma Kappa officers in Indianapolis were
given full opportunity to explain and clarify
their position. They refused to comment.
THE BURDEN of proof is now clearly on
Sigma Kappa. In the absence of a convinc-
ing explanation to the contrary it is reasonable
tg assume that their actions are not compatible
with the goals of SGC.
The national organization should not be
allowed to hide behind its reluctance to com-
ment.
It is unlikely the national will ever admit
that pledging Negroes was the cause of the
suspensions. This is not sufficient reason for
dropping the matter. The issue must be
decided on the basis of what a reasonable per-
son would conclude from the evidence avail-
able, particularly when the national has had
opportunity to make evidence available.
UNIVERSITY CHAPTER of Sigma Kappa,
has made no comment yet because, ac-
cording to its president, it hasn't had time
to review the situation.
It is in a delicate position. The campus will
be watching to see what it does. We have
confidence in its ability to determine its
stand and action unselfishly and by meaning-
ful criteria.
-LEE MARKS

Tel Aviv, September 17, 1956
DEAR DREW,
THE other day I went to a farm
in Israel not far from the bor-
der of Jordan. Jordan, as you may
know from your Sunday school, is
now an Arab country, while Israel
Is Jewish.
There isn't much of a border
between them; and when I inter-
viewed a Jewish tractor driver on
his farm in Israel, the wind blew
the fertilizer dust from his fertili-
zer spreader across the border and
helped improve the soil of Arab
Jordan. He was spreading fertili-
zer on his farm just as we do in
Maryland, only his land was so
rocky that we wouldn't even have
considered farming it in Maryland.
Across the border in Jordan
were some Arab children tending
a flock of sheep. There were no
fences, and the sheep, whodon't
know much about international
borders, would have walked right
over into Israel except that the lit-
tle girls didn't let them.
*R * *
THE LITTLE girls didn't seem
worried about the Jewish tractor.
They were so close that they could
talk to the tractor driver,'but they
were all just as peacefull as the
sheep herding you've read about
in the Bible, thousands of years
ago.
I was ,interviewing the Jewish
tractor driver, whose name was
Amos, when two little Arab boys
peeked over the brow of the hill
to see what we were doing. They
were about your age, and after
peeking at our camera and TV
equipment they disappeared.-
Pretty soon, two members of the
Arab Legion, which is the Jordan
army, appeared on top of the hill
and pointed their rifles at us. They
didn't shoot, but they waved with
their rifles for us to get away. I
suppose they were suspicious of
our TV equipment and thought we
might be setting up machine-gun
nests.
* *' *
WE WERE on Isr'ael territory
and within our rights, but we did-
n't argue. We left. It doesn't pay
to argue when guns are poked at
you. Besides, we had finished our
work.
I got to thinking about this af-
terward as an illustration of what
the holy land, the land where the
Man was born who preached peace,
faces today.
The little Arab girls tending
their flocks had nothing against
the Jewish tractor driver just a
few yards away. But the Arab Le-
gionnaires, who are trained to
fight, were suspicious.
That is what is happening in
the holy land. The people on both
sides of the border want peace.
But some of the leaders don't. The
Arabs who live in Israel have
peace. There are about 180,000 of
them in Israel and they get along
fine with the Jews. I talked to
many of them and they work well
together and live peacably toget-
her.
T A
BUT THE Arab leaders on the
1 _1

other side of the border stir up
suspicion and hatred. It helps
them politically, just as some poli-
ticians in the United States stir up
the segregation issue because it
helps them get elected.
Driving back from the border to
Tel Aviv, I passed an Arab village
named Jat. Outside was a well,
several thousand years old, acid
Arab women were carrying water
from the well to the village on
their heads just as Rebecca did
when Abraham sought a wife for
Isaac many years ago.
And I couldn't help but think
that if some of the Jewish people,
not the government, should dig a
trench and lay pipe from the well
into the village as an act of friend-
ship, it would save those Arab wo-
men from carrying water and
might break down some of this
suspicion between Arabs and Jews.
For word would go back behind the
Arab iron curtain to Jordan, tell-
ing how the Jewish people were
helping the Arabs.
* . * *
I REMEMBER how the Quakers,
the religious group your grad-
father belongs to, dug a two-mile
trench and laid pipe into a Mexi-
can village near Tampico which
never had had water before.
It wasn't only that they brought
water to a village that had never
had water, it was that young
Quakers bent their backs and dug
the trench themselves that im-
pressed the Mexicans and won a
lot of friendship for the United
States.

BUT THEY need to worry more
over the little boys about your age
who peered down over the hill at
me and then ran off to tell the
Arab Legion about our taking pic-
tures at the bottom of the hill.
Those little boys, if we are not.
careful, will grow up to spread
more suspicion and hate. And if
that happens there will be war or.
the threat of war for years to come
in a land that was dedicated to
peace.
Lots of love,
Grandfather
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
Earl Attlee . .
To the Editor:
BEG to call attention to what.
I am certain is not meant to
be as discourteous as it may seem.
All references on posters and in
"Daily" advertisements. neglect to
preface former Prime Minister
Clement Attlee's name with Earl
Earl Attle, one of Great Britain's
elder statesman, received his Earl-
dom nearly one year ago. I do be-
lieve the appropriate correction
should be made on the 1956-57
Lecture Series posters-the title is
now part of the man's name.
Lois C. Schwartz, '57

American public, millions of
whom have munched his break-
fast cereal morning after morn-
ing.
Horace B. Powell, in his abun-
dantly-illustrated and splendidly-
documented biography, "The
Original Has His Signature - W.
K. Kellogg," has done an admir-
able job in anlyzing this puzzling
individual by revealing the inner
emotions and thoughts that lay
carefully concealed behind a pain-
fully shy and reserved exterior,
which many interpreted as cold
and snobbish.
* 4 *
THE AUTHOR presents clearly
and in careful detail the diverse
facets of the complex character
of this paradoxical figure who
gave away millions of dollars in
philanthropic and charitable ges-
ture, yet who refused to have his
hair cut in Battle Creek after he
learned that the price had been
raised from 65 cents to a dollar.
W. K. Kellogg remains one of
the most convincing proofs of the
old adage, "Life begins 'at forty,"
when we consider that he was
well beyond that age by the time
he began building his business
empire amid fierce compettion
In the early 1900's.
The successful results of this
belated start became even more
noteworthy when one learns that
Kellogg had spent a frustrating
quarter of a century as assistant
and general handy man at the
world-famous Battle Creek Sani-
tarium and was dominated and
obscured by his older brother, the
dynamic Dr. John Harvey Kel-
logg, eminent health reform advo-
cate.
Biographer Powell has gone to
great.length to obtain literally
volumesnof material from Kel-
logg's personal files, recollections
of friends and business associ-
ates, company records, etc., all of
which have contributed to the
writing of a work. which is re-
markably documented and highly
authoritative.
..THE HISTORY of the com-
pany that caused a radical change
in American eating habits is
traced in a lively 'and readable
a full quota of human interest
manner with a minimum of fig-
ures and dry business facts and
items and anecdotes, which not
only present interesting elements
of the industry's history but serve
to illuminate the life and charac-
ter of the subject.
Also, a great deal of material
has been devoted to the colorful
Dr. Kellogg, who eventually broke
off relations with W. K. and
established a regrettable rivalry.
This material is apropos, not only
because Dr. Kellogg was such a
fascinating figure in himself, ful-
ly worthy of biographical treat-
ment, but because it is almost
essential, to a complete under-
standing of the influence exerted
on W. K. by his brother's revolu-
tionary ideas on health and medi-
cine and his own early endeavors
in the breakfast food industry.

Powell, in addition to present-
ing the story of W. K. Kellogg's
business life and such aspects as
his pioneering in advertising
techniques, sales promotion, pro-
duction, procedures, battles with
the growing competition of imi-
tators, financial crises, etc. re-
veals for the first time the Inti-
mate family life of this man who
always deeply regretted that the
pressures of his growing industry
forced him to spend so much time
away from home and, in his own
words, "neglect his wife and
children."
Finally the author relates how
Kellogg at 70, an age when most
men are retired from activelife,
began a "third life," in which he
saw the realization of a lifetime
dream, the establishment of the
W. K. Kellogg Foundation, an
organization devoted to the syste-
matic philanthropic enterprises,
which were to "help people help
themselves."
*.R R
AFTER FINISHING this book
the reader might well draw the
conclusion that he would strongly
dislike W. K. Kellogg as a person-
ality. Yet he can hardly help but
admire the talent and persever-
ance which Kellogg exercised in
the spheres of business and phil-
anthropy, and he will undoubtedly
gain a greater understanding and
appreciation of this man who
seemed so stern and unlikeable
to those in contact with him.
Powell, unfortunately, often
slips into annoying eulogy,per-
haps an "occupational hazard"
with biographers. This highly
laudatory approach is under-
standable in view of the fact that
most of the author's documenta-
tion was acquired from Kellogg's
own writings, interviews with his
friends and relatives, and records
of institutions ad organizations
either founded by him or closely
connected with him.
AN OBVIOUS effort for objec-
tivity has been made by the
authoryhowever, as he.presents
both the subject's strong points
and faults. But too often the
shortcomings. are smilingly ex-
cased and presented-as virtues.
The fact that many of these neg.
ative qualities weret directly re-
sponsible for Kellogg's fortune
seems to pardon them in the
author's eyes.
Such practices as spying on
salesmen, harsh "paternalism" in
his employee relations, intoler-
ance with competitors, and at-
tempts to engineer the'-ives of
those around him are all told in
rather glowing terms of admira-
tion, such as the paragraph: "On
occasion, W. K. Kellogg, as did
Jove of old, would heave bolts
of lightning at erring mortals
when they incurred his resent-
ment . . . Qne could never quite
predict when the bolts were go-
ing to be thrown."
But these lapses are perhaps
the only negative points in. a
biography, which is well written,
remarkably documented, and
which contains a wealth of inter-
esting material on. one of Ameri-
ca's last great "'rugged individual-
fists."
-John B. Dalbor
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN

The Daily Official Bulletin is an of-
ficial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility. No-
tices should be sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 3553 Administration
Building before 2 p.m. the day preoed-
ing publication.
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1956
VOL. LXVII, NO. 3
General Notces
STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS PLAN.
NING TO BE ACTIVE during the pres-
ent semester should complete registra-
tion in the ,Office of Student Affairs
not later than OCTOBER 12. Forms for
registration are available in that office,
1020 Administration Building. Student.
organizations registered by OCTOBER
12 will be considered as officially rec-
ognized for the current semester and
will be eligible for assignment of meet-
ing rooms in University Buildings and.
for the use of the Student Organiza-
tions of the Michigan Daily for announ-
cements. The STUDENT DIRECTORT

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:

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
. Are American, People Gullible?

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
ARE THE American people gul-
lible or do their politicians
only think so?
There's evidence on both sides.
The "Ins" point with possessive
pride to every fortuitous accident
which has happened during their
tenure, blame all untoward events
on their predecessors. They either
"planned it that way" or its not
on the long-run benefits of for-
their fault.
The "outs" try to cast doubts
tuitous events, claim they would
have exploited them much better,
accuse the "ins" of pursuing poli-
cies which produced the unto-
ward events.
Both sides speak in broad gen-
eralities. A vast number of people
let the statements pass in the
night, never relating them to ac-
tual factss. Elections often seem
to be decided by who tells the
people the most they want to
hear, regardless.
The Republicans claim Eisen-
hower made peace in Korea. The
Democrats say he didn't, really;
that peace at the time was in the
books, the police job which both
sides admit was necessary was

which the administration was
almost entirely passive in eco-
nomic as well as other matters.
President Hoover got the blame
for a depression which began in
Europe before he, became presi-
dent, a depression which was in-
herent in the postwar situation
of a world which knew much less

then than now about economic
controls.
Nobody knows how many thou-
sand false impressions-of history
are current among the American
people because of the skill with
which politicians paint the-pic
ture with which they try to catch
the public eye at a given time.

.

Business Staff
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN .... Associate Business
WILLIAM PUSCH.............Advertising:
CHARLES WILSON..............Finance:
PATRICIA LAMBERIS ......Accounts
HENRY MOSES .............. Circulation

Manager
Manager
Manager
Manager
Manager

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