TUESDAY, JANUARY S,1957
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, JANUARY S. 1957 THE MICHIGAN DAILY
P1.e3V ,' t illlL'
EMPHASIZES MEDIEVAL ECONOMY:
Prof. Lopez Discusses
By NADINE ULLMANN I
History is neither a cyclical pro-
cess nor a constant evolution of
progress; rather it is a series of;
Professor Robert F. Lopez, of
Yale University, used this as theE
main thesis in his lecture entitled
"The East and West in the Middle
Ages - Economic Relations and
He compared the growth of Asiaa
with that of western civilization4
slowing both the differences and
similarities. People have always;
underestimated the development
of Asia, he said, calling it "the
tale that is gradually wagging
Roman, Chinese Empires
The Roman and Chinese empires
emerged and declined at approxi-3
mately the same time he said.r
Their societies were built on the;
same type of structure in which
the agrarian and urban ciltures
formed a single entity. They both
Fluctuation Theory of History
Mary Saran, an English lec-
turer and writer, wt ill speak on
"Moral Philosophy of British So-
cialism" at 4:15 p.m. today in
Aud. C. Angell Hall.
IN UNDERDEVELOPED AREAS:
Convention Studies Levels Of Education
Attempts were made to raise the
level of education and standard of standard of living," Dean Olson lations. and to develop broader
d'P P Cictnpllr rrtr n r rne
"It may seem odd for a.special,
ist in.the Middie Ages not to care Mrs. Saran's talk
for Gothic architecture, but I!by the philosophy
don't," Prof. Robert S. Lopez of-I
Yale University's history depart-scee departments.
living in underdeveloped countries '
at the recent Inter-Congress Psy- He said Puerto Rico is under- scieni
chology convention in Puerto Rico. going an industrial and educa- suits.
Dean Willard Olson of the .tional revolution in an attempt to Dea
School of Education and imimedi- raise their country's standards exper
"The trend has been to offer edu- somel
ate- past president of the organm-
zation represented the United cational opportunity to all the cause
States. people instead of confining oppor- occup
tunities exclusively to the elite" The
"The most significant trend Dean 'Olson asserted. froml
noted in the educational field was Suggestions were made to erase ica, P
the introduction of a democratic illiteracy in underdeveloped coim- ca. I
type of planning which attempts tries. to meet problems in mentl study
to raise the level of education and health, personnel, and human re- count
alized programs in moic
tific and professional pur-
an Olson noted that tests and
iments among countries -w rc
times difficult to initiate be-
of the various cultures and
e ICPA consikts of members
North America. Latin Amer-
'uerto Rico and South Ameri-
ts main job is to stimulate
and research between the
ment, a specialist in the economic Before emigrating to England
history of the Middle Ages, said in the 1930's. Mrs. Saran was a
yesterday. Gea So De
Lopez's talk was sponsored byGermanSocialemocrat. She is
the departments of history and now active in the English Labor
Near-Eastern studies. Party.
j _~ .
declined at the same time because
their economies were saturated.
The barbarian invasions of the
Middle Ages revolutionized the
economy. Populations clustered
Into small agglamerations. which
MEDIEVAL AUTHORITY - Prof. Robert Lopez of Yale Uni-
versity discussed the ebb and flow of history in the East and West
The guest lecturer has been in-
terested in the Near East since
his childhood in Italy. "For Italy,
the Eastern Mediterranean is as
close a neighbor as Canada is to
the United States," he said.
Prof. Lopez came to this coun-
try in 1939 as a research asso-
ciate at the University of Wiscon-
sin. While there he received his
second Ph.D. in history.
During the past 10 years, he
has been a member of the Yale
faculty. He has also taught at
Columbia University, Brooklyn
College and the University of
Foregin News Editor
During World War II, Prof.
Lopez worked for a national ra-
dio network as a foreign news edi-
tor. He monitored foreign radio
programs for news items.
"I was one of the first to hear
the Voice of Free France. a radio
station taken from the ro-Nazi
were widely separated, Prof. Lopez ena which affect all cililizations.'
explained, and therefore had to Some of these such as disease and
be self-sufficient. climate have global effects, he!
As the Middle Ages progressed, said, while others such as religion
Europe became more and morea
urbanized until the city became and problems of coinage have dif-
completely separated from the ferent influences and solutions in
country, the East and the West different locales.
stopped resembling one another . the
so closely but continued to influ- paring attitudes of various
ence each other's growth. cultures toward the merchant. The
Islamic defied him, the Venetian
Various Phenomena considered him as a respectable
Prof. Lopez went on to discuss citizen while the Byzantine re-!
the physical and cultural phenom- garded him with scorn, he said. E
Mysteries Of Indian Fakirs
To Be Studied By 'U' Scientist
A University scientist is on his
way to India to investigate the
mysterious powers ,of the famed
Dr. B. D. Bagchi of the Neuro-
psychiatric Institute at University
Hospital and Dr. H. A. Wenger.
of the University of California,
will attempt to find if there is a
third "state of mind" other than
consciousness and coma, and will
check other mystical powers claim-
ed by these mystery men.
Using a compact transistor ma-
chine specially constructed at a
cost of $8,000 and donated by the
Rockefeller Foundation, the doc-
tors will do research with these
fakirs on control of the central
nervous system and autonomic
This machine will gather elec-
trical impulse data from the brain,
muscles, and internal organs of
Drs. Bagchi and Wenger may
investigate many fakir tricks, in-
cluding walking barefoot on burn-
ing coals without harming the'
feet. They will record the muscu-
lar and galvanic skin responses of
the fakir's feet before and after
walking on coals.
At the same time electrical re-
sponses from seven other parts on
the body will .be obtained and the
results will then be compared with
the responses of normal people.
"It is not possible to say at this
time whether our findings will be
positive or negative," Dr. Bagchi
said. "And, if positive, whether
they will have any scientific val-
Vichy Government by French par-
To increase mutual understand- tisans towards the end of the
ing of Japanese and American War," Prof. Lopez recalled.
legal systems, the University Law "The Vichy RadiG went off the
School has joined with the Har- air, Then we heard biurred voices
vard University and Stanford Uni- and the rattle of gunfire in the
versity Law Schools in a Japanese- background,
American Programfor Cooperation "Schumann was speaking when
in Legal Studies.
in La ta voice shouted, 'We need more
With the introduction of demo ammunition'. After that Schu-
cratic concepts into Japanese law mann continued his speech."
it became necessary to increase Although an expert on the
the number of people who are fa- Near East, Prof. Lopez has neveri
miliar with both the Japanese andI been there. "I have been invited
American legal systems, Prof. Allan however to teach at the Hebrew
F. Smith, director of legal re- University in Jerusalem next year
search explained. . and if there is no war, my wife
The operation involves three and two children will accompany
sub-programs. The first took place me," he said.
during the period 1954-56, when me,_hesaid.
nine Japanese law teachers and
judges spent two years in this A
country. SAB Groups
The second phase, now begin-
ning, calls for one-year visits to To Plan M ove
Japan by six American law teach-
ers, probably all from the Univer-
sity, Harvard and Stanford. There will be a meeting of rep-
Most extensive of the three sub- resentatives from all groups to
programs is the granting of fel- housed in the new Student Ac-
lowships to bring eight Japanese tivities Bldg. at 7 p.m. tonight in
law graduates to America for ex- the Union.
tended period of study and to allow At this meeting, representatives
four American law graduates to from the Student Activities Build-
go to Japan. ing Administration Committee
_ __ will P l5i i h
LATE DATE WITH A BIRTH RATE
J UNIOR'S driving the combine tonight. He's got a date
with the 10,753 new Americans who'll be born by next
sundown. A birth rate that has upped our population 30
million since 1940-while 2 million farmers have left the
fa'rth for other jobs.
How can 2 million fewer farmers feed 30 million more
people? Machines-millions of them-are the answer. To-
day's farmer still has to work late when his crops are
ready. But "hired hands" of steel enable him to produce
more. Tractors do the work of 40 men. Grain combines
reduce labor 85%.
Today's farm production depends on the trouble-free
operation of these machines. That's why every make of
farm tractor uses Timken", tapered roller, bearings; why
more and more implements are using them, too.
Timken bearings reduce breakdowns because they roll
the load. They practically eliminate friction, require less
maintenance, minimize wear to keep farm machinery on
Keeping farm equipment rolling smoothly is just one
example of how the Timken Company keeps America on
the go. We work hand-in-hand-drawing-board-to-draw-
ing-board-with all industry to increase speed and pre-
cision. Decrease wear and maintenance. Improve the
machines that are improving your way of life.
This spirit of cooperation and progress has helped
make "Timken" the best-known bearing in America, It's
helped make us the world's largest manufacturer of tapered
And it's kept us moving up. If you want to keep moving
up, you might be interested in what we can offer you.
Write for our booklet, "Career Opportunities at the
Timken Company". The Timken Roller Bearing Company,
Canton 6, Ohio.
TRADE-MARK REG. Us S. PAT. OFF.
TAPIRED ROLLER BEARINGS
win explain the moving-in period,
which will begin during the sec-.
ond week of February; hours of
use, which will approximate those
of the Union and League; and the
rules for use o~f the building.
There will also be a meeting of
the SAB Administration Commit-
tee at 3 p.m. Friday in the Union
to elect a new chairman, outline
the problems of moving Jnto the
new building, and finalize rules
of operation of the building.
These rules will be mimeo-
graphed and sent to all groups
housed in the building.
Timken' bearings keep America on the GO ... and
you keep going upj when you go with the Timken Company
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