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SUNDAY, JANUARY 6,1957'
NIGHT EDITOR: TAMMY MORRISON
Rejection of Filibuster
Proposal Not Discouraging
r .r~j y
isn't IBuck Rogers
EVERY SO OFTEN, it is mentioned by some public'spirited citizen
that the Soviets are annually producing two, three or four times as
many "engineers" as we are.
This statement is usually then followed by the almost inevitable
conclusion that unless we mend our ways, Molotov will be dictating
peace terms from the White House ruins.
Exactly whether the conclusion follows logically from the initial
statement is not quite clear. It is true that the Soviets are training more
technicians than the United States, and that they have provided scien-
tists with high salaries and special privileges. Of course, this means
that there will be more incentive for Russian students to enroll in science
and engineering courses-just as American students think longingly of
careers in advertising, television, and football.
BUT SOMEHOW, even with our inferior numbers of engineers and
scientists, we manage to stay reasonably ahead of the Russians in many
THE SENATE'S rejection Friday of a proposal
to curb filibuster tactics is not as discourag-
ing as it might seem.
Regardless of the ideals involved in im-
mediate procurement of civil rights guaran-
tees for all Americans, the 55-38 vote against a
motion which would have established the first
legislative step toward these ideals represents
a considerable gain over the 70-21 vote four
years ago against a similar motion.
The most encouraging factor in the Senate
deliberations was Mr. Nixon's unexpected sup-
port of anti-filibuster proponents. In his opin-
ion, the contention that the rules of the pre-
vious sessions could be rejected by majority
vote was a correct one.
A LTHOUGH past practice of the Senate has
been to continue operating rules from one
session to the next, the Vice-President upheld
"the right of a current majority of the Senate
at the beginning of a new Congress to adopt
its own rules" unrestricted "by rules adopted
by the Senate in a previous Congress."
Answering the parliamentary inquiry of
Minnesota's Senator Humphrey, Mr. Nixon de-
clared unconstitutional a section of the 1949
rule allowing endless filibustering.
Section Three of the filibuster rule specifies
that rule changes are also subject to the clos-
ure which requires a two-thirds vote of the
entire Senate to end debate. This provision
has meant that not only effective civil rights
legislation has become an impossibility, but
also that any proposal to make rules more
favorable for such legislation can be blocked
in the same way.
Pointing out the conflict of this provision
with the Constitutional right of each house to
determine the rules of its proceedings, the
Vice-President said, "This constitutional right
is lodged in the membership of the Senate and
it may be exercised by a majority of the Sen-
ate at any time."
s NFORTUNATELY, Mr. Nixon's decision, with
absence of a majority for change in rules,
could not be tested. But it is encouraging to
find that for the first time, a presiding officer
of the Senate has ruled on the question and
has done so in a strong, comprehensive man-
The decision probably will have little effect
on the present Congress, but coupled with an
apparent increase in filibuster opponents, the
picture for future civil rights legislation ap-
pears much brighter.
At least the term "moderation" may be tak-
ing on a different meaning than mere post-
ponement of long overdue guarantees for the
4#90* Tw1 L4sf srofp4e. P a C
Chairman Hall and Cabinet .
Pressure, Not Complacency
By DREW PEARSON
THAT ALL IS NOT WELL within the Soviet FIGHTING a winning Cold War will take
orbit today is almost undeniable. planning, coordination, and consistency, ele-
The Hungarian rebellion, Polish uprisings, ments which have been notably absent from
reports of student unrest in Russia, shifts i American foreign policy in recent years. If
Soviet government personnel, summoning of we're going to survive without an all-out war,
East German puppets to Moscow conferences, American diplomacy will have to sharpen up.
the hurriedly requested visit of Communist -RICHARD HALLORAN
Chinese Premier Chou En-lai for Kremlin con- Editorial Director
sultations-all indicate a growing apprehen-
sion within the Communist world. Hungarian Refu ee Riot
In the non-Comnunist world, this is no time
for wishful thinking or complacency. It is not Unjustified Display
a time to ease up but rather one to keep pres- -
sure on the Soviet sphere firmly and contin-1A THQUSAND Hungarian refugees in Metz,
ually. France, rioted Friday to protest what they
World Communism will not fall apart over- said were delays in admitting them to the
night but the Western nations and their allies United States and Canada.
can turn the tide of the Cold War which has The rioters smashed tables, chairs and win-
been going against us for the past ten years dows in the camp where they have been living
with clever, imaginative, forthright political since December 7th. They have refused all
warfare. offers of employment in France, insisting that
they be shipped immediately across the Atlan-
CONSTANT PRESSURE should be applied to tic.
the sore spots to prevent them from healing, Though their motives may be genuine, their
pouring salt into the wounds, being alert to actions are unjustified.
take advantage of any new weaknesses which Most of the nations of the Free World sym-
may appear. If a disintegration process is going pathize wholeheartedly with the plight of these
on, the United States should exploit every op- dispossessed people, and have made sincere
portunity to further it. and concerted effortts to help them.
To be rewarded with a display of ingrati-
Political, economic, pyschological, diplomatic tude rathe disapointing.
pressures must be applied with restraint and te is raer sapp oig. defat th
discernment, however. Forcing a wounded bear achieve their ends by violent demonstrations.
into a corner can be dangerous., Should he Not all of the 125,000 eccapees fromt Hungary
become trigger-happy, a big war could be easily can be accommodated in the United States and
kicked off when it could have been prevented Canada.
by out-smarting instead of forcing the hand It is unlikely that those few who have
of the opposition. shown themselves potential troublemakers will
While America must wage a daring Cold be given priority over many thousands of pa-
War campaign, doing so indiscriminately, hap- tient and peaceful fellows when it comes to
hazardly, without a deft touch can only end filling the American and Canadian quotas,
in an explosion. -EDWARD GERULDSEN
Dua Opportunity in Aid Offer
DESPITE press reports that GOP
National Chairman Len Hall
would like to be named Postmast-
er General, he really has his eye
on another Cabinet post. He has
confided to friends that he would
rather be Secretary of Commerce
Main difficulty is that the
present Secretary, Sinclair Weeks,
doesn't want to leave. Like the man
who came to dinner, Weeks ac-
,cepted the post supposedly for a
year, then stayed on for the full
term. Henso enjoys being a Gov-
ernment big-shot that he now
wants to remain for another
term. But the men around Ike
are looking for a polite way to kick
Whether Len Hall can get the
job may also depend on what
Congress does about the Nicaro,
'uba, Nickel scandal. A House Gov-
ernment Operations Subcommit-
tee, headed by Texas Congressman
Jack Brooks, uncovered evidence
that Hall had solicited political
contributions in return for rec-
ommending the Frederick Snare
Company for a government con-
tract to expand the Nicaro Nickel
Plant. Contributions so solicited
are against the law.
Hall ducked out on the hearings
on the grounds that -he was too
busy running the Republican
electionbcampaign. He said he
would be eager to testify right
after the election. It is now two
months after the election, and Hall
has shown no disposition to bring
up the subject again.
THE PRESIDENT was deadly
serious, however, when he talked
about Civil Rights and schools.
"No American, certainly in these
times. should be denied the funda-
mental rights granted to all our
citizens," he said. "If local or State'
governments do not properly safe-
guard his right to vote and pro-
tect him from violence, it is
duty of the Federal Govern
to do so."
"The House passed four
Rights safeguards, embodie
the Brownell Program, in the
session of Congress," spoke
House leader Joe Martin ofr
sachusetts, "and I think we
do it again."
"Unfortunately, our rules in
Senate make passage morec
cult," intoned stern-voiced
Knowland of California, the
ate GOP leader who al
sounds like he is talking from
bottom of a rain barrel. He a
that if the issue comes to a
he thought the Senate would
enact a Civil Rights measure.
Martin and Knowland also
they would do their best for
other bill which the Presiden
cluded in the broad categora
"Civil Rights" - namely,
"Home Rule" measure to en
chise the voteless citizens o
District of Columbia.
". " *
BUT BOTH LEADERS predi
"possible trouble" for the P
dent's school construction
gram, which will be aimed ch
at relieving school shortage
"congested" metropolitan are
School legislation always
counters rough weather in
gress, partly because of reli
controversy and the oppositio
some Catholics. Lately this
been compounded by the bitt
sue over school legislation.
"Well, I am hopeful thatI
gress can work it out," dec
Eisenhower. "The Federalt
ernment must help those p
in areas which cannot rais
money locally for school n
Many states have excellent s
systems, but this is something
rises above local indifference
the good of the country,
boy and girl should have the
s the portunity for an adequate educa-
* * *
Civil THE PUBLIC didn't know it,
d in and not even most of the congress-
last men attending the New Year's
e up Day session with Eisenhower knew
Mas- it, but Speaker Sam Rayburn
can proved himself the one man in
America who was able to make
n the the President rearrange his sched-
Bill What happened was that. the
Sen- White House Conference with
hways congressional leaders originally
dded was proposed for mid-December.
vote When he learned this, Speaker
also Rayburn, living with his sister in
Bonham, Texas, sent a polite but
said firm word that he would not be
r an- present. It's his custom to spend
t in- Christmas at home, and he simply
y of was not going to Washington be-
the fore Christmas, then shoot back
fran- to Texas for Christmas.
f the Once before he had flown to
Washington in December for a
special meeting with the President,
icted then gone back to Texas for
resi- Christmas-all at his own expense.
pro- When he got to Washington, Sam
hiefly found himself attending a drowsy
es in meeting with John Foster Dulles,
eas. not the emergency meeting with
en- Eisenhower, at which his presence
Con- was demanded.
gious So this time the speaker simply
on of sent word he would not be present.
has It was after this that the White
er is- House promptly changed the date
to January 1 and fixed the time
Con- for 10 a.m.
lared At this point Mr. Sam sent word
Gov- that he would not be present at 10
eople a.m. His sister, Mrs. Bartlett,
e the doesn't like to fly. Neither does
needs. Sam. Their train was not due un-
chool til after 10 a.m.
that Again the White House bowed.
For The meeting was changed to 2
e op- (Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
fields of research, though not in
Admittedly there has been no
significant attempt to operate our
scientific potential at anything
near capacity; doubtless many
qualified men are lost to science
because of the lure of other, more
To change this situation, how-
ever, would involve far more than
an act of Congress, or a Presiden-
tial directive. It would require
subtle change in the goals of pre-
* * *
UNQUESTIONABLY, a society
placing a high financial and social
value upon its scientists and engi-
neer will have more aspiring scien-
tists and engineers; and a society
which places high financial and
social rewards upon successful
contestants on quiz programs will
have more aspiring contestants.
It's simply a matter of deciding
where to place the values.
Most men who choose careers in
science and engineering probably
realize that they will probably
never earn the salaries they could
as advertising copywriters, TV en-
tertainers, Wall Street lawyers,
lobbyists, or business tycoons. Nor
do they choose careers in science
and engineering so that we can
have more scientists and engi-
neers than the Russians; any more
than families have telephones in-
stalled so that we can have more
telephones than the Russians.
Men choose careers in science
and engineering because, I should
hope, they have suitable aptitudes
and interests; and think that they
can make a reasonably good living
doing this work.
,* * *
IT IS TRUE that higher sal-
aries, a more liberal program of
scholarships and fellowships, a
subtle counter-propaganda pro-
gram to tell the public that all
scientists are not necessarily mad,
nor all engineers Buck Rogers,
would help considerably. But this
change is evidently 'not forthcom-
ing, at least not yet
The first step which would
quickly improve the overall pic-
ture, if our goal is to attract more
and more people into engineering
careers, would be the raising of
standards and salaries of grade
and high school teachers. Also a
general tightening of the pre-col-
lege curriculum would help; with
more emphasis on English and
math courses. which are the basic
ingredients of scientific training.
But even this rather obvious
step must await more basic chang-
es in society's needs. Presently, the
main need seems to be for enter-
tainment. If the main need should
ever become knowledge, there will
be no shortage of either scientists
Tlhe turn of the year brought the
stock market its third succes-
sive weekly rise.
It was the best advance of the
past three weeks although it was
far from epoch-making.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an of-
ficial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility, No-
tices should be sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 3553 Administration
Building before 2 p.m. the day preced-
ing publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
Sunday, January 6, 1957
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 76
Plans for Midyear Graduation Exer-
cises, Saturday, Jan. 26, 1957, 2:00 p.r.
Time of Assembly - 1:00 p.m. (escept
Places of Assembly:
Members of the Faculties at 1:15 p.m
in Room 2054, second floor, Natural
Science Building, where they may robe.
Regents, Ex-Regents, Deans, and oth'
er Administrative Officials at 1:15 pm.
in the Botany Seminar Room 1139,
Natural Science Building where they
Students of the various schools and
colleges in Natural Science Building as
Section' A - Literature, Science and
the Arts - front part of auditorium,
west section. Education - front part
of auditorium, center section. Business
Administration - front part of Audi-
torium, east section.
Section B - GraduatE - rear part
of auditorium with doctors at west
Section C - Engineering - Rooms
2071 and 2082. Architecture - Room
2033. Law - Room 2033 (behind Arch.)
Pharmacy - Room 2033 (behind Law.)
Dental - Room 2033 (behind Phar-
Music - Room 2004 (behind Natural
macy), Natural Resources-Room 20Q4.
Res.) Public Health - Room 2004 (be-
hind Music) Social Work - Room 2004
behind Public Health).
March into Hill Auditorium - 1:40
p.m. Academic Dress.
Student Driving Regulations will b
lifted between the first and - seconc
semesters, from 5 p.m., Wed., Jan. 16
1957 to 8 a.m., Thurs., Feb. 7, 1957. Al
student driving permit holders are re.
minded that new automobile liens(
plate numbers are to be reported tc
the Office of Student Affairs within t
days after being changed.
Midyear Graduation Exercises
January 26, 1957
To be held at 2:00 p.m. in HillAudi-
torium. Exercises will conclude about
Reception for graduates and their
relatives and friends in the Michigan
League Ballroom at 4:00 p.m. Please
enter League at west entrance.
Tickets: Three to each prospective
graduate, to be distributed from Mon-
day, January 14, to 1:00 p.m. Satr-
day, January 26, at Cashier's office,
first floor lobby ' of Administration
Academic Costume: Can be rented
at Moe Sport Shop, 711 North Uni-
versity Avenue, Ann Arbor. Orders
should be placed immediately.
Assembly for Graduates: At 1:00 p.m.
in Natural Science Auditorium. Mar-
shals will direct graduates to proper
Graduation Announcements, Invita-
tions, etc.: Inquire at Office of Student
Programs: To be distributed at Hill
Doctoral and professional degree can-
didates who attend the graduation ex-
ercises are entitled to receive a hood.
Those receiving a doctoral degree oth-
er than Doctor of Philosophy may ex-
change the Ph.D. hood given them dur-
ing the ceremony for the appropriate
degree hood immediately after the
ceremony, In the rear of Natural Sci-
Clement Attlee tomorrow night. Earl
Clement Attlee, postwar Prime Minister
f Great Britain, will be presented by
the Lecture Course tomorrow 8 :3
p.m., in Hill Auditorium. He will di
p.m., in Hill Auditorium. He will dis-
cuss "The World Scene." Tickets will
be on sale tomorrow 10 a.m. - 8:30 p.m.
in the Auditorium box office.
SProf. Robert S. Lopez, Dept. of His-
tory, Yale University, will deliver a
public lecture on "East and West in
the early Middle Ages-Economic Re-
Cations and Influences," Mon., Jan. .7,
1:15 p.m., Aud. B, Angell Hall; co-
sponsored by the Depts. of History and
Near Eastern Studies.
University Lecture: Sponsored by the
Department of EnglishaLanguage and
Literature. Prof. Ronald S. Crane,
emeritus distinguished professor, Uni-
versity of Chicago, "Crtiicism as Re-
search." Tues.,. Jan. 8, Aud. A, Angell
Hall. 4:10 pm.
University Lecture, Sponsored by the
Department of Botany. Dr. C. Robinow,
University of western Ontario, will
speak on "The Problem of the Nu-
cleus in Bacteria." Tues., Jan. 8, West
Conference Room, Rackham Building,
UNIVERSITY'S offer of scholarship assistance
to Hungarian students desiring an education
in the United States is a commendable one.
Four Hungarians have applied for these
scholarships and the University Scholarship
Committee will probably decide tomorrow who
the recipients will be.
Some snags remain to be ironed out. Main-
tenance offers to Hungarians coming from
RICHARD SNYDER Editor
RICHARD HALLORAN A LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
GAlL GOLDSTEIN................Personnel Director
ERNEST THEODOSSIN...,..... Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK ... Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN THOMAS.............. Features Editor
DAVID GREY .,,... ,...,. . Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER._......... Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN HEILPERN .......Associate Sports Editor
VIRGINIA ROBERTSON ...... .. Women's Editor
JANE FOWLER......,.....Associate Women's Editor
ARLINE LEWIS............... Women's Feature Editor
JOHN HTRTZEL...... .... Chief Photographer
DAVID SILVER. Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN Associate Business Manager
WILLIAM PUSAE IAdertsing Manager
CHARLES WILSON .. ....... Finance Manager
Ann Arbor townspeople and religious groups
contain specifications as to sex and religious
preference. Unfortunately the four present
scholarship applicants do not fit the prefer-
AN UNUSUAL opportunity is being offered the
University community by the proposed en-
rollment of these Hungarians. It is both an
opportunity to benefit from the experience
of these young rebel leaders, and an oppor-
tunity to spread good will throughout the
It would be unfortunate if this chance were
denied the University community because of
religion or sex stipulations. Perhaps those of-
fering maintenance aid would extend benefits
to include those applying for admission or
possibly other Ann Arbor groups would offer
aid to these students.
A letter to James M. Davis. director of the
International Center, from William Kitchen,
executive of World University Service, pointed
out that many offers to Hungarians had been
extended by United States colleges and uni-
versities. Not a few of these offere were from
small liberal arts colleges. But many Hungarian
students desire a technological or medical edu-
cation. This university offers excellent instruc-
tion in both of these fields, facilities which
should be used to every advantage.
TALKING ON TELEVISION:
Television Ushers In The New Year
By LARRY EINHORN
Daily Television Writer
And so the curtain falls on the
year 1956 and television plays
its usual important role of usher-
ing out the old year and wel-
coming in the new year. How this
phenomenon took place in the,
couple thousand years before tele-
vision is a mystery, for it doesn't
seem possible that it could happen
In the first place, what would
the end of the year be without
the story of Mr. Scrooge. This
year television really outdid it-
self by presenting about five dif-
ferent versions of this story some
in color, some with music. some
narrated and that old movie ver-
sion that pops up every year at
Then there were the football
games. Blue, East Grey. West.
North. South and every other di-
rectior, and color. Aluminulh.
Rose. Gator, Cotton-pickin' and
Sugar bowls, not to mention the
you just couldn't celebrate the
coming of the New Year properly
unless you owned one of his
sponsor's electric clocks. for that
was the only way you could ac-
curately tell how many seconds
there were until midnight on De-
By far the best program over
the entire holiday season was last
Monday night's edition of a new
quiz program called "Can Do." The
reason it was so good was be-
cause it was the final "Can Do"
program, at least temporarily.
This was definitely the worst of
the new quiz program and it lasted
for only a month.
However, there were a few high-
lights on television over the holi-
day season. On Christmas Eve
"Studio One" presented a satire
of "Person To Person" on which
Robert Q. Lewis, as the interview-
er, visited the typical American
home on the night before Christ-
mas. Everything went wrong at
the household of the interviewees
andr, it ma ,igpfnr 'a . v',j~l~ht
ual dramatic format to present a
musical offering of New Years
Eve songs which were geared to
appeal to every musical taste from
rock and roll to the classics. It
achieved this goal beautifully and
should be of personal satisfaction
to Montgomery, since this was his
first attempt at a show of this
Last Saturday night Art Carney
took over for the vacationing Jac-
kie Gleason and once again proved
that he is on of television's most
versatile performers. The highlight
of that show was Carney's im-
personation of Jimmy Durante
assisted by Sammy Davis Jr.,
another pretty versatile performer,
. who danced and sung like Eddie
Jackson wishes he could. At the
same time on the "Perry Como
Show" Red Buttons was mking
his television "comeback" and he
possessed some of the charm that
made him the television sensa-
tion a few years back.
!-T I LLN n* * c r3b
The first Sunday Ed Sullivan
"headlined" three dog acts (the
four-legged type) and Steve
"headlined" three dog acts (the
Last Sunday the publicity for
both shows was overpowering.
Sullivan had the Look television
awards, which meant all the, big
television personalities would be
there to say "thank you." Of
course the list of personalities
was staggering, but they did no-
thing. At least it was expected,
since it was billed as an awards
* * *
BUT ALLEN was a'little sneak-
er. NBC plugged the Allen show all
week, pointing up the fact that
Rita Hayworth and Groucho
Marx, two performers very rarely
seen as guest stars, would appear
with "the biggest array of top
stars ever seen on television."
What NBC and Allen did not
say was that they would all ap-
pear on a poor-quality flim of a