Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue


Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

January 05, 1957 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1957-01-05

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

See Page 2


Si tr 4igrn

40 at


Latest Deadline in the State



New UnresLt
starts Purge
In Bulgaria
300 Students Marked
For Making Threats
Against Red Regime
VIENNA (tP) - New reports of
student unrest, marked by threats
against the secret police came out
of Communist Bulgaria yesterday.
The Sofia correspondent of the
Warsaw newspaper Sztander Mo-
dych said at least 300 Bulgarian
students have been purged or
marked for purging because of
, hostile utterances against the
Communist system.
The correspondents said the
students had painted crosses and
scribbled threats on the doors of
security police and prominent
Bulgarian Communists.
Students Expelled
Among students expelled were
25 from the veterinary school of
the Academy of Medicine in Sofia.
Similar action is contemplated
against a group of students at
the Sofia Polytechnic School, the
correspondent added.
In Berlin a group of 16 refugee
' high school students from East
Germany told reporters only a
small percentage of the youth"had
.. succumbed to Communist doctrine
being drummed steadily in their
Students Restive
1 East Germany has cracked
down on its restive student popu-
lation, apparently fearing they
might spark a revolt there as they
T did in Hungary and Poland.
The Soviet Union is also taking
a stern attitude toward any stu-
dent challenge of Communist
The teen-agers, who fled from
the small town of Storkow in East
Germany to West Berlin, said
most of the students do not be-
lieve the Communist doctrines the
school authorities try to teach
- Newspaper Speaks
Another Warsaw newspaper, the
Communist party's Trybuna Ludu,
reported that "hooligans and hos)
tile elements" were responsible for
disturbing incidents in areas of
Poland where Soviet troops are
"temporarily stationed."
The newspaper reported "in-
sulting behavior toward Soviet
citizens and personnel."
Austrian Head
Dies in Vienna
After Illness
VIENNA. Austria ) - Presi-
dent Theodor Koerner, probably
the most popular and beloved fi-
gure in Austria, died at his home
He was 83 years old.
A Socialist, Koerner was elected
in a close runoff election in 1951,
succeeding President Karl Ren-
ner, who also died in office.
Koerner's term was to expire
June 20, and he had announced
he would retire because of his age
and health.
Suffered Stroke
He suffered a sight stroke last
summer, but recovered sufficient-.
ly to return to his duties. Yester-
day morning he appeared at his
office and told associates he was
feeling particularly well.
He went to his home in the
suburb of Brinzing for lunch. La-

ter he was visited by his doctor
as usual.
Suddenly he collapsed and died
in the doctor's arms.
Received Nixon
As one of his last official duties, 1
Koerner received Vice-President
Richard M. Nixon of the United
States during Vice-President Nix-
on's investigation of the Hungar-
ian refugee 'problem in Austria
two weeks ago.
It was his work in leading Vi-
enna in the dark days after World
War II that made him revered
by the present generation of -Vi-
As President he was largely a
ceremonial figure, the actual
work of government being done
by the Cabinet, lately under
Chanceller Juluis Raab.


Senate Afirms e Ad1~amEisenhower Reported Altering
Fr ar RdsA bi E"


Ch Lter Ig 111

1 #U 1\

Southern Senators Defeat Move
To Modify Rules for Ending DebateUNIED
WASHINGTON (')--The Senate yesterday killed the move to four-mant
revise its rules and make it easier to break filibusters against civil economic:
rights measures or other legislation. officials h
On a roll call vote, the Senate tabled and thus rejected a motion 3 The gro
offered by a bipartisan bloc of 31 senators to take up for immediate Deonmis
economic c
consideration the adoption of, new rules. With hin
The vote to table was 55-38.{ cialists in
All But Three Senators Vote , are expect
All but three of the Senate's 96 members voted. The absentees pest for th
were Sen.-elect Jacob Javits (R-NY), who has not yet been sworn in, Hamn
Sen. Alexander Wiley (R-Wis), a supporter of the rules change mo- De Seyn
"tion, and Sen. Matthew Neely Secretary(
UN DISCUSSION:-(D-WVa), who has been ill. skjold tod
D It was announced that both the revolt-
Sen. Wiley and Sen. Neely were to Budapes
opposed to tabling the motion. erland.
Twenty-seven Democrats and 28,UN offic
Republicans voted to table. They governmen
T k were opposed by 21 Democrats Janos Kac
ueZ and 17 Republicans. for De Sey
Michigan's two s e n a t o r s, try on cc
T Charles E. Potter (R) and Pat- should not
fo rrance rick V. McNamara (D), both vance.
voted with the 36 senators in The Kad
favor of the motion by Sen. Clin- fused to a
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. ()'- I.ton Anderson (D-NM) to begin investigate
Egyptian sources said yesterday revision of Senate rules to make it Pro
the Egyptian government will re- easier to end flibusters. When H
fuse to discuss any Suez Canale toensfisMtrs to visit Hu
settlement with French Foreign T Johnson's Motion gested De
Minister Christian Pineau or any byThe tabling motion was made several day
French official. (-e.anhd hsuprofsurveys-.
} French fficial.by Senate Leader Lyndon Johnsonsuvy
The sources placed on France (D-Tex.) and had the support of The offi
the chief blame for the British- en. William Knowland (R-Calfi) De Seynes
tecifbaefrteB itih the Republican leader. did o
French invasion of Egypt. Southern senators also voted al- would be f
This was disclosed at United most solidly in favor of killing The ni
Nations headquarters as. Secre-meUni
tary General Dag Hammarskjold's.the rules proposal. yesterdayp
top assistant. Andrew W. Cordier, The vote followed six hours of General As
reported that Egypt and the UN debate during which Vice Presi- gary, perh
have reached an agreement on dent Richard M. Nixon, in an
full clearance of the Suez Canal. opinionhailed by supporters of

3 NATIONS, N. Y. ,T)-
mt Hungary admitted a
team of United Nations
experts yesterday, UN
up e said.
,p is headed by Philippe
UN undersecretary for
im were three UN spe-
economic affairs. They
ted to remain in Buda-
hree or four days.
marskjold's Choice
nes was designated by
General Dag Hammar-
direct UN assistance to
torn country. He went
st from Geneva, Switz-
lials said the Hungarian
t headed by Premier
dar granted permission
ynes to enter the noun-
ondition his departure
t be publicized in' ad-
dar government has re-
admit UN observers to
conditions in Hungary.
posal, Suggestion.
[ammarskjold proposed
ungary himself, he sug-
Seynes precede him by
ys to make preliminary
cials said, however, that
' journey at this time
mean Hammarskjold
following him.
ted States and Britain
pressed for further. UN
ssembly action on Hun-
aps next week.
uiest '
ngarian students have
University scholarships,
Davis, International
ctor, announced yester-
a t i o n s for acamedic
s including tuition, fees
will probably be con-
the University Scholar-
nittee on Monday, ac-
the applicants are liv-
United States. Antal
a 19-year-old former
Hungary's Gymnasium,
in Detroit. Imre Tahi is
the English Language
t Bard University, New

bmergency Middle East Policy
To Avert 'Indirect Aggression

HULL, Que. (P) -- Novelist
Nicholas Monsarrat's jeep broke
down and he called for a tow-
ing truck to pick it up from his
The service station said the
truck couldn't come immedi-
ately but would be around later.
A few hours afterward Mon-
sarrat, author of "The Cruel
Sea," saw the jeep being towed
Four days later he tele-
phoned to ask how the repair
job was coming along. The
service station said it was sorry
it hadn't been able to pick up
the jeep.


Democrats Move To Get
More Public Contact
WASHINGTON (R)-Despite refusal of congressional leaders to
Join, a group of key Democrats established a permanent Advisory
Committee yesterday to make their pai'ty "more responsive and more
responsible to its members and to the public."
The group, organized around such Democrats as former President
Harry S. Truman and Adlai E. Stevenson, the party's 1956 presidential
candidate, started off by criticizing President Dwight D. Eisenhower's
administration's foreign policy and calling. on Democrats to hold
President Eisenhower "accountable for every act of his administra-

Pineau Expected
Pineau is expected at the UN
within a few days and there have
been reports a new round of talks
on the Suez would be held by
Egypt, France, Britain and Ham-
Cordier told a news conference
the agreement has already been
initialed and will be signed soon
in New York by Hammarskjold
and Egyptian Foreign Minister
Mahmoud Fawzi.
He said the UN salvage fleet
expects to complete clearance for
normal canal operation by early
Beat Schedules
"We may be able to beat those
schedules," Cordier added.
Cordier's statement was the first
he made publicly since he return-'
ed from a four-day trip to Egypt
to consult with UN and Egyptian'
officials on canal clearance.
Hammarskjold's executive as-'
sistant explained that the agree-
ment consists of an exchange of
letters between Egyptian Presi-
di t w cp n o m rl;,.

civil rights bills, said a majority
of the Senate can change the
chamber's rules at the start of a
new Congress if it wishes to.
Nixon's Opinion
Vice-President Nixon declared
that in his view a 1949 rule per-
mitting endless filibustering on
any motions to alter the rules is
But backers of the rules change
failed to muster a majority.
Defeat of the proposal was a
blow to senators who had hoped
to pave the way for the enact-
ment of civil rights bills, but
some of them said they felt such
legislation still could be passed in
the new Congress.
A similar attempt to revise the

Four Hu
applied for'
James M.
Center dire
and books
sidered by#
ship Comm
cording to:
Three of
ing in the
student at7
is residingi
studying at
Institute at

Sallade Eyes
Governor s
Post in 1958
State Rep. George W. Sallade of
Ann Arbor said yesterday his
chances of running for governor
in 1958 "look better every day,"
Rep. Sallade spoke here before
Republican county chairmen to
discuss plans for their convention
next month in Detroit and to out-
line areas of party weakness.
He tpld the group that while
many of his ideas "are apposed
,by Republicans in the legislature,
most of them are warmly received
by a majority of Republican voters
and ardent party workers."
The Republican convention Feb-
ruary 8 and 9 will select a state
chairman to replace retiring Johnf
"We have a chance at the con-
vention to. acquire a constructive
party which will succeed in elect-
ing a Republican governor for the
first time in 10 years," he said.
He also added that he was not
counting Gov. G. ,Mennen Wil-
liams out of the gubernatorial race
yet but said, "I am not afraid to
run against him or any other Dem-
ocratic candidate."
The 34-year-old representative
noted there would probably be
several Republicans running for
the gubernatorial candidacy.
Matthew Buder of the Sixth
Congressional D i s t r i c t. Verny
Reynolds of the Fourth District,
and Larry Lindemer of the Sixth
District were cited as some of the
leading candidates for the state
chairmanship post.

Group Met in Private
It met in private with eight of the 11 members of the Democratic
National Committee's Executive
Committee and adopted a lengthy
resolution pledging among other G O P
things to: State
1) Provide a "collective voice"
on a year-round basis for the *
"millions of Democrats who may R eaies 57
or may not be represented in either
house of Congress."
2) Help the party deal on a
broad democratic basis with "new
situations which may not be dealt

with in our platform."
3) Present' new programs toI
"meet problems which arise our-
ing the periods between conven-
Registered Dismay
The resolution also - registered
dismay at what it called evidence
of "continuing deterioration. of
American influence in the rest of
the world."
It said too the "ineptness of the
administration has largely con-
tributed to the disaster which has
befallen us and our allies in the
Middle East."
A second resolution adopted by
both groups expressed support of
efforts to obtain a "new realistic
rule to limit unreasonable debate"
in the Senate.
It said this action keeps faith
with the Democratic platform and
added "we regret that the Repub-
lican party did not take a similar
Resolutions Read
Democratic National Chairman
Paul M. Butler read the resolu-
tions to reporters.
Although 20 Democrats in and
out of Congress were invited to
join, only eight have accepted and
just five of these attended yester-
day's initial meeting.
Besides Truman and Stevenson
those attending were Mrs. Frank-
lin D. Roosevelt, who has agreed
to serve only on an informal basis;
and Govs. Averell Harriman of
New York and G. Mennen Wil-
liams of Michigan.

rules at
down to

the start of the
four years ago
defeat 70-21.


'U' To Study

aenzu ±Nv.ssI ana £thIILam KJoid. Data obtained from classroom Professor's Brother
UN To Assist polls on pre-vacation and post- Another, Peter Katona, is now
He said they were "in harmony" vacation attendance will be used living in Ann Arbor with his
with the principle that the UN's in connection with studies of the brother, Prof. George Katona of
role in clearing the canal is to University calendar, University ad- Survey Research Center.
assist Egypt. ministrators said yesterday. Tamas Sebestyan, the fourth
Cordier said the terms of the Assistant Dean of the literary applicant, studied at the Techni-
agreement will be made known college James Robertson said not cal University of Budapest and is
in a General Assembly document enough data has been turned in now living in Austria.
next week. yet to establish a trend. Although the Scholarship Com-
Diplomatic sources said ordier Assistant Dean of Faculties mittee will consider academic
reported to the UN's Advisory Robert Williams described the scholarships, definite mainten-
Committee on the Suez Canal that attendance taking as "standard ance offers have not been extend-
the first convoy is expected to procedure" around vacation time. I ed to the Hungarians.
pass through the canal early in "The deans will use the infor- Three offers were made before
March. mation in connection with their the Christmas holidays. One from
Cordier reportedly told the com- studies of the calendar," he said. an Ann Arbor landlady specifying
mittee the UN expected to get 15 This year's calendar has been a woman student and two from
million dollars soon from member criticized for the shorter Christ- Ann 'Arbor church groups request-
nations. mas vacation it provided, and the ing Protestants.
data is expected to show whether Maintenance First
cutting of classes before and Two of the applicants are of
FBIsafter it has increased. the Jewish faith and a third is
FBI AgentsDean Robertson and Dean Rus- Catholic.
sell Stevenson of the business ad- Davis said if the scholarships
Arrest Exiled ministration school both antici- are approved, they will take effect
pated that the data would be during the spring semester, but
Con nunist considered in connection with cal- that details on maintenance would
endar discussions in forthcoming have to be worked out before the
conferences of the deans. { scholarships would be offered.
NEW YORK OP)-FBI agents'
yesterday seized Communist leader jAS CONGRESS OPENS-
Irving Potash, who slipped back A CEN

LANSING (-) - About 60 Re-
publicans, mostly legislators, met
yesterday in an attempt to get
together on some of the major
questions likely to come before the
1957 legislature.
The discussions continued into
the night and were expected to
carry over into today.
Rep. Robert Waldron (R-Grosse
Pointe), who as chairman of the
House Republican Legislative
Campaign Committee called the
session, said he doubted whether
any specific conclusions would be
Not Binding
If any were, they would not be I
binding, he said. Waldron referred
to the project as a "workshop,"
and - said it might or might not
eventually lead 'to formulation of
a Republican legislative program.
City, county and state highway
officials also got together yester-
day in an attempt to iron out dif-
ferences over distribution of the
state gas tax.
After two hours talk, they
agreed further meetings will be
necessary before the dispute is
General Agreement
Sen. Haskell Nichols (R-Jack-
son), chairman of the Legislative
Interim Committee on Highway
Needs, said there is general agree-
ment on the need to combine the
two laws under which state gaso-
line taxes are collected.
One of the laws, passed in 1951,
splits four and one half cents of
the six-cent-a-gallon tax on this
basis: 44 per cent to the state
highway department, 37 per cent
to counties and 19 per cent to
The second law, passed in 1955,
hiked the gasoline tax one and
one half cents a gallon, 75 per
cent of the money to go to the
state highway department and the
rest to local units of government.
Combine Laws
Nichols said the laws should
be combined for the sake of sim-
plicity, but made no proposal on
a compromise distribution for-I
Cities and counties feel they
should get more, while the state
fears a cut of its slice would de-
lay its accelerated construction
For the last eight years the ex-
ecutive branch has been in Demo-
cratic hands and the legislative
under Republican control.
It will be that way again this
year and next.
Movie Actress
St11 ~Missing
VAN NUYS. Calif. (AP)-Actress
Marie McDonald, a beautiful
blonde with a fabulous figure and
a flair of dramatii ennaae vn-

Use of Arms
Will Remain
Core of Plan
President Will Ask
Two-Year Program
Of Economic Aid
Dwight D. Eisenhower's top ad-
visers are reported to have revised
an emergency Middle East policy
resolution he will personally urge
upon Congress today.
Officials indicated the latest
draft deals not only with Ameri-
can willingness to fight to halt
outright Communist aggression in
the area but also mentions a dan-
ger of:
1) "Indirect aggression" by Rus-
asia through its support of any
Middle East nation whose forces
might launch an attack.
2) Soviet efforts to subvert in-
dependent Middle East countries
by means short of military aggres-
Request at Core
Officials said the core of the
resolution remains a request that
Congress give President Eisenhow-
er stand-by authority to use Am-
erican military forces to stop any
direct Communist aggression in
the region.
It was understood the newest
draft, reported to be the 12th in
five days, did not ask Congress to
allow use of American troops to
combat either subversion or "in-
,direct aggression."n
These other two threats ar
noted as serious problems which
President Eisenhower's adminis-
tration will seek to combat in its
drive to end Middle East tension.
,Unusual Session. '
As part of that drive, President
Eisenhower will also propose at an
unusual Saturday joint session of
the Senate and House that Con-
gress authorize a two-year program
of economic aid to Middle Eat
nations, starting next July.
The President will go before
Congress to detail the proposed
resolution at 12:30 p.m. today.
His speech will be nationally tel-
evised and broadcast.
Ike Agrees
President Eisenhower and Sec-
retary of State John Foster Dulles
the chief draftsman, are reported
to have agreed on the revisions in
answer to congressional sugges-
tions for more clear-cut language.
Top aides were reported confi-
dent the revised resolution would
wvin speedy backing in the House
but feared it would face rougher
going in the Senate.
One responsible authority said
the administration would be satis-
fied if both houses adopted the
resolution in two months of com-
mittee hearings and debate.
McCarthy Says
Ikse Caused
GOP Losses
WASHINGTON (A')-In a sharp
attack on President Dwight D.
Eisenhower. Sen. Joseph McCarthy
(R-Wis said yesterday that Dem-
ocratic control of the Senate "is
the direct responsibility of a so-
called Republican president."
Sen. McCarthy said Republican
failure to win a majority of the
Senate last November was due to
what 'he called the "purge" of
former Sen. Herman Welker (R-
Idaho), and he added:
"Eisenhower did not' do it in-
advertently. He did it deliberately.

He knew what he was doing."
Interrupting Senate debate on
filibusters, Sen. McCarthy took
the floor to say that Welker sup-
ported President Eisenhower "in
most of his domestic objectives"
but opposed him "in some of the
hair-brained things."
Welker was defanted in Novem-

Canadian Railway Strike
Slows Newsprint Flow
By The Associated Press
Layoffs among workers spread from coast to coast yesterday as
the strike against the giant Canadian Pacific Railway made itself
felt in its second day.
The strike by 3,000 members of the Brotherhood of Locomotivej
Firemen and Enginemen against a plan of the railroad to gradually
remove about 200 firemen from diesel engines in freight and yard
service, idled 67,000 other workers in the 17,000-mile system.
Newsprint Shipments Curtailed
The strike has curtailed newsprint shipments by at least two
major Canadian manufacturers, industry sources reported yesterday.
These sources indicated that United States publishers generally
<"had an adequate supply of print-
ing paper to meet their immediate
needs but would encounter diffi-
culty if the strike dragged on for
W ash n ton any length of time.
The Canadian newsprint indus-
try accounts for roughly 80 per
I mestic issues due to come before cent of the paper used by United
the new Congress are federal aid States newspapers.

into this country after voluntarily
exiling himself to Red Poland.
Details of the arrest were not

Eventful Days Seen in 1

made publc.
it was the first intimation that By EDWARD GERULDSEN I ginning in July for economic aid
Potash had returned to the UnitedI f.o r to nations in the strife-torn area.


Niehuss Visits

ie ±rSt Iew weeks or 1957
States. He left March 4, 1955. and promise to be very eventful ones In connection with his request, to schools. atomic power, a pro- 5,0
later was reported in Red China. i ti affar President Eisenhower will, go be- posed raise in first class postage
The G-men grabbed the 54-year- The 85th Congress has already fore an unusual Saturday joint rates from three cents to five cents
old Potash in a restaurant in convened and organized under!session of Congress at 12:30 p.m. an ounce. and of course. civil othr
Bronxville, just north of the New Democratic leadershi today to report on the Middle East rights. Nerly 6
York City line in Westchester Facing the new Congress are a situation and outline his proposal ; All are likely to be hotly con- Nearly 6
Conty I in detail. tested, with the outcome still un- to expect
He will be arraigned later on= a- ------ _. .. . Taralv heciisp of th r nt f d

0 Out of Work
the strike had thrown
n5,000 out of work in
5,000 more were warned
shutdowns in the next
ecause of jammed stor-

Back to Top

© 2024 Regents of the University of Michigan