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January 04, 1957 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1957-01-04

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I

Sixty-Seventh Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

"How Do You Let Go When You've Got Hold Of A Man?"

then Opintons Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

f

DRAMATIC ARTS CENTER:
Pagnol's 'To paze'
Brilliant, Comiedy
ALTHOUGH CHRISTMAS VACATION was a joyful event, the absence
from Ann Arbor sounds at least one sad note: Marcel Pagnol's
"Topaze," a theatre "must," expires this Sunday. At this writing only
three performances remain and all who enjoy a fast-paced, brilliantly
directed and tremendously funny production are urged to attend.
In the past, I3AC's talents have shone particula:ly bright in come-

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

AY, JANUARY 4, 1957

NIGHT EDITOR: DONNA HANSON

14

Educational Perspectives
Need New Year's Revision

IT MAKES LITTLE real difference that the
calendar on the wall shows a new year has
begun, but it presents an opportunity to look
ahead to a future of personal improvement and
advancement.
On a university campus such as this one,
students themselves set the standards of per-
sonal freedom, expression and education as
high or as low as they may be.
Perhaps the greatest student expression of
last year was the much-publicized quadrangle
fbod riot, a welcome proof that Michigan stu-
dents are not as complacent as they seem to be.
But placed alongside the Budapest universi-
ties and the Hungarian freedom fighters, Mich-
igan's food rioters look like seventh-grade
pupils in the shadow of true university men
and women striving for education. truth and
freedom.
UNIVERSITY STUDENTS on this campus
Uare unfortunately unconcerned about truth
and freedom, and fortunately they do not have
to be-now.
Rather, the local specimen of student either
works hard in individual, specialized courses
end gets nowhere in general, or else "gets by"
in courses but seldom gets by the Mason Hall
lobbies.
The former is the student who asks occa-
sional questions in classes and the latter the
one who moans when assignments are made
or a lecturer talks past the clock hour.
The former never votes in student govern-
ient elections; the latter always does - for
his friends and those who live in the same
type residence he inhabits.
This, with the exception of a notable minor-
ity, is the student body of the University of
Michigan.
WITH THE COMING of a new year, it seems
a good time to examine one's perspective.
Holiday Death
UPWARDS OF 1120 PERSONS committed
suicide or were murdered on the nation's
highways over the holidays.
Many of the victims were torn apart or
crushed in ways that would terrify a sizeable
community if it thought a single "mad killer"
were responsible, or that his killings were
*remeditated.
But most of this holiday slaughter was, in
a real sense, premeditated. American drivers
have had enough safety education flung at
them to know that the chances of an accident
increase fantastically with speed and/or alco-
hol.
If they deliberately disregard these cautions
and reject the possible consequences as impos-
sible, then these drivers have assumed a great
degree of guilt for the consequences.
IN THIS MECHANIZED AGE, few warnings
seem to affect the Americanmotorist. But if
the premeditation which often precedes a high-
way death or injury were recognized as such,
jail sentences might be stiffened to reflect more
of the first degree guilt than the third degree-
simple manslaughter.
The American driver needs this warning, in
the absence of a more effective prevention.
A get-tough policy should be extended to
apply to any "moving violation." Radar speed
control is finding increased use in communities
of all sizes, and more police departments are
using unmarked police cars. Fine, but still not
enough.
The state of Connecticut is one of few states
that has cut its death rate in the last year or
more, and probably the only state to show a
drastic reduction.

Does it extend beyond the Mason Hall "fish-j
bowl" and Friday Night-or beyond a term
paper and courses 101, 179, 180, 182, all in the
same department?
If not, the answer is to broaden one's per-
spective beyond social life, beyond the library
and text book.
This entails an awareness, if not an interest,
in campus affairs and activities and in national
and international happenings. It requires more
of the philosophical, questioning attitude rather
than meek acceptance.
There are of course, men and women on this
campus who do care about expressing them-
selves, about fighting for individual beliefs and
convictions and getting more than an education
in name only.
They are a small group, but they represent
the campus as a whole. They are a capable
group, but they, too, need to stop and examine
their individual and group perspectives.
As the important element of the campus, this
group must not rest on earlier successes but
strive for newer and stronger ones.
N A NEW YEAR, more and more must be
demanded of all these people. Without their
interest and participation, the University and
the University community cannot educate in
the true sense of the word.
Those who have already participated must
look for new areas to invade and new ways to
attack all the old areas.
Discussions, talks, forums . . . These are
needed as badly as attendance at them is
needed. Inter-House Council, Interfraternity
Council and especially the Union. . . They must
make their presence on campus felt.
Let the campus be inspired by that calendar
on the wall-let the individual look toward
a greater educational achievement in his four
years at the University.
-VERNON NAHRGANG
s No 'Accident'
THE SOLUTION was simple: suspend auto-
matically any resident's license after the
first violation. Not the second or third.
Almost every Connecticut public official who
endorsed the legislation was verbally attacked.
Americans don't like "restrictions" on their
private lives, refusing to recognize that care-
less driving can too easily affect another's
welfare. So they continue to kill and injure.
Few words are as misused as the word "acci-
dent," applied to the collisions which killed
over 1100 persons over the recent holiday.
-ROBERT S. BALL JR.
Education and Industry:
Ford, Dodge, .!...
THE BENEVOLENT MANAGEMENT of in-
dustry has again reached into its pocket, at
least indirectly, to give higher education a
helping hand.
, Aside from making us wonder whether there
is some truth in the cries that American
education is turning into mass production,
yesterday's ten million dollar gift toward the
start of a new MSU branch makes us sympa-
thize with the public relations programs of
other Michigan industries.
Of course, General Motors should not have
too much trouble managing to make itself
appear a bigger and better community servant
than Ford and Dodge.
But our hearts go out to Studebaker-Packard
as we remind them in this post-Christmas
season, it's the spirit that counts, not the
gift.
-R. S.

a
:
a
.

-! .
,;4

dies and "Topaze" approaches their
Drischell as Topaze, is magnifi-
cent: David Metcalf, the director,
milks every possible laugh from
the script and throws in several
hilarious innovations and Hermon
Baker's settings supply near-per"-
feet background.
"Topaze" is a story of extrava-
gant extremes, an old and tested
comedy formula and concerns an
astonishing truthful and naive
schoolteacher at a boy's school
suddenly transported into the
corrupt mileau of French politics
and, business. His transformation
into this new environment is the
rough outline of the action and
DAC exploits this farcical situa-
tion to the hilt.
SEVERAL SCENES are especi-
ally newsworthy: the classroom
where 11 students bedevil their
teacher, Topaze; the -near-seduc-
tion of Topaze by a designing and
beautiful crook; the refusal by the
then-incorruptible schoolteacher
to raise the grades of a poor pupil
in the presence of his outraged
mother and Topaze's inability to
cope with his uninhibited office,
help.
Pagnol is, on occasion, bitterly
satirical and he takes especial de-
light in exposing the pretences of
decency that are quickly with-
drawn by temptation. His thesis
is that every man has his price
and, agree or not, his deliniation
of character and situation is
superb. In addition, he presents
his contrasts with sufficient sym-
pathy and irony to avoid conjec-
ture that he takes his thesis too
seriously.
IT SEEMS IMPOSSIBLE, with
space limitations, to adequately
commend the large cast individu-
ally but Laurry Webber, Sydney
Walker, Joseph Gistirak, Nell
Burnside, Valerie Schor, John
MacKay and James E. Brodhead
deserve such praise.
Good theatre can only be
achieved when details are con-
sidered important and then mas-
tered and "Topaze" is a case in
point. The stage "business" has
been carefully attended to from
the Gallic dip of the French maids
to the choice of clothes to increase
effect. The end result is one of
the finest comedies Ann Arbor

zenith. The cast, headed by Ralph
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an of-
ficial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility. No-
tices should be TYPEWRITTEN
tices should bb sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 353 Administration
Building before 2 p.m. the day preced-
ing publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
Friday, January 4, 1957
VOL. LXVIII, NO 75
General Notices

4

a1

t9-6 MiE woo.sm #I ,TWpl PPsr c0

I

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
By DREW PEARSON.

PRESIDENT Eisenhower has not
had too happy a reaction from
Congressional leaders to his pack-
age plan for guaranteeing peace
and building up the Near East.
Actually his plan is one of the
most important and constructive
he has ever proposed. And here is
a suggestion by which he could
get more Democratic support.
Ike's best potential ally for his
package peace plan is a man Ike
bitterly dislikes - Harry Truman.
It so happens that Truman worked
on the same package peace plan
when he was in the White House.
Much of Eisenhower's plan is
identical with Truman's. Truman
still believes sincerely that this
is the way to prevent war, and, if
the President asked him to, Harry
would doubtless throw his usual
energy and enthusiasm toward
putting it across.
Visiting with Mr. Truman in his
Kansas City office last February,
I asked him what he thought were
the dangers of war. He replied:
"There is one great danger -
down here in this corner of the
Mediterranean." He pointed to
Suez. This, incidentally, was nine
months before fighting started in
Suez.
"The Russians are after this
400,000,000,000 barrels of oil -
down here in Arabia. That's why
they've given arms to Egypt.
"But," continued Mr. Truman,
"we could have outmaneuvered
the Russians with my development
plan."
WHEN I asked for the'details,
the ex-President became really
enthusiastic.
"First," he said, "I would siphon
water from the Mediterranean
into the Dead Sea. The Dead Sea
is 1,300 feet lower than the Medi-
terannean, and I'd dig a canal

betwetn them. The rush of water
dropping 1,300 feet would supply
electric power for all the indus-
tries you needed.
"I would make Israel the indus-
trial country of the Near East,
then let the Arabs raise crops to
feed Israel and themselves. They're
cousins. They don't have to fight.
They're all semitic peoples."
He pointed to the globe.
"Over here, Iraq," he said, "was
once a Garden of Eden-before
Tamerlane and his Mongol hordes
swept in and destroyed the irriga-
tion system of the Tigris and the
Euphrates. We could rebuild it.
It would pay for itself in a few
years. We could make this one
of the breadbaskets of the Near
East.
"So, with Israel supplying the
industry and Iraq supplying the
food, you bring a sound economy
and cooperation and peace back
to this part of the'world. That's
the way you prevent war.
"There are all sorts of oppor-
tunities in the world to build for
peace," Mr. Truman reminisced,
as if he missed the opportunities
he once had. "I made some sur-
veys when I was in the White
House. I made a proposal to in-
ternationalize the Danube-make
a great seaway from the Baltic
down to the Black Sea-put it
under the United Nations as a
stabilizer for peace.
"I would have done the same
thing with the Suez Canal - and
with the Panama Canal. Put them
under the United Nations." He
was talking to me on February
19. Nasser seized Suez on. July
26. "That's the way peace is
built - showing how people can
work together."
Mr. Truman's voice had the en-
thusiasm, the vibrant quality of a
man whose most important work
was unfinished. Some of the

things he discussed are identical
with Mr. Eisenhower's current
plans for a half-billion construc-
tion-irrigation aid program in the
Near East.
I am certain from the way he
talks that he would pitch in, put
his shoulder to the wheel, and
urge Democratic support for the
current plan if Ike asked him to.
In this case, our foreign affairs
could get back to some semblance
of the now long-forgotten biparti-
san policy.
EISENHOWER, however, will
have to ask him personally. Mr.
Truman feels quite bitter over
the manner in which he has never
been asked to call at the White
House since he left it on Jan. 20,
1953.
"One of the first things I did
when I became President," he
once told me, "was to invite Her-
bert Hoover in. I want you to
consider this your second home
whenever you come to Washing-
ton,' I said. I gave him a car,
appointed him food adviser, and
later put him in charge of re-
organizing the government.
"But," he added, I have never
been invited back."
First indication of a breach
between Eisenhower -and Truman
occurred when the President-
elect drove up to the White House
on Jan. 20, 1953, to pick up Presi-
dent Truman for the customary
drive together up to the capitol.
Eisenhower did not get out of the
car and enter the White House to
greet Mr. Truman who was wait-
ing for him inside. Instead he sat
in the car. Truman told friends
that to save embarrassment he
finally went outside and got in
the car. Relations have been
strained ever since.
(copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

has housed.

-David Marlin

I

I

LETTERS
to the
EDITOR-

f

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Middle East Program Queried

TODAY AND TOMORROW:

Forced Choice Tactless, Unwise

Letters to the Editor must be signed
and limited to 300 words. The Daily
reserves the right to edit or with-
hold any letter.
Heads in Sand? . .
To the Editor:
WHEN Professor Johnson of the
University of Pittsburgh step-
ped out of his ivory tower to speak
at Angell Iall, he certainly suc-
ceeded in pl nting his foot firmly
in his mouth. So the American
engineers' wider fliberal arts back-
ground makes him worth two Rus-
sian engineers, thereby balancing
out the fact that they annually
graduate twice as many as we do,
eh? Hogwash!
The power politics of today de-
pend entirely on the destructive
power provided by modern tech-
nology. The country possessing
the most fearsome and devastating
weapons is in the drivers seat and
knows it.
This power rest. squarely on
engineering brains and know-how.
The lack of a liberal arts educa-
tion will scarcely be noticed in
a Russian inter-continental mis-
sile streaking towards America's
industrial heartland.
Lets stop deceiving ourselves by
thinking our educational system
is so superior to all others. Our
secondary school educational sys-
tem is rapidly becoming a farce.,
American colleges have long been
complaining about the lack of pre-
paration in the average high school
graduate.
Any freshman counselor in En-
gineering school will tell you how
poorly prepared the average high
school student is for an engineer-
ing career. It's timhe a little learn-
ing was injected into a high school
curriculum, even at the expense
of athletics and social functions
(Heaven forbid).
Russian engineers are good and
so is the educational system pro-
ducing them. The riddles of the
atom and hydrogen bombs were
solved by them so swiftly it threw
our military planners into con-
sternation.
Their MIG-15 was so good in
Korea that we were offering fab-
ulous rewards to anyone bringing
one in intact so that we could

Plans for Midyear Graduation Exer-
cises, Saturday, Jan. 26, 1957, 2:00 p.m.
Time of Assembly - 1:00 p.m. (except
noted).
Places of Assembly:
Members of the Faculties at 1:15 p.m.
in Room 2054, second floor, Natural
Science Building, where they may robe.
Regents, Ex-Regents, Deans, and oth-
er Administrative Officials at 1:15 p.m.
in the Botany Seminar Room 1139,
Natural Science Building where they
may robe.
Students of the various schools and
colleges in Natural Science Building as
follows:
Section A - Literature, Science and
the Arts - front part of auditorium,
west section, Education - front part
of auditorium, center section. Business
Administration - front part of audi-
torium, east section.
Section B - Graduate - rear part
of auditorium with doctors at west
end.
Section C - Engineering - Rooms
2071 and 2082. Architecture - Room
2033. Law - Room 2033 (behind Arch.)
Pharmacy - Room 2033 (behind Law.)
Dental - Room 2033 (behind Phar-
Music - Room 20043(behind Natural
macy), Natural Resources-Room 2004.
Res.) Public Health - Room 2004 (be-
hind Music) Social Work - Room 2004
behind Public Health).
March into Hill Auditorium - 1:40
p.m. Academic Dress.
Midyear Graduation Exercises
January 26, 1957
To be held at 2:00 p.m. in Hill Audi-
torium. Exercises will conclude about
4 p.m.
Reception for graduates and their
relatives and friends in the Michigan
League Ballroom at 4:00 p.m. Please
enter League at west entrance.
Tickets: Three to each prospective
graduate, to be distributed from Mon-
day, January 14, to 1:00 p.m. Satur-
day, January 26, at Cashier's Office,
first floor lobby of 'Administration
Building.
Academic Costume: Can be rented
at Moe Sport Shop, 711 North Uni-
versity Avenue, Ann Arbor. Orders
should be placed immediately.
Assembly for Graduates: At 1:00 pim.
in Natural Science Auditorium. Mar-
shals will direct graduates to proper
stations.
Graduation Announcements, Invita-
tions, etc.: Inquire at Office of Student
Affairs.
Programs: To be distributed at Hill
Auditorium.
Doctoral and professional degree can-
didates who attend the graduation ex-
ercises are entitled to receive a hood.
Those receiving a doctoral degree oth-
er than Doctor of Philosophy may ex-
change the Ph.D. hood given them dur-
ing the ceremony for the appropriate
degree hood immediately after the
ceremony, in the rear of Natural Sci-
ence Auditorium.
Student Driving Regulations will be
lifted between the first and second
semester, from 5 p.m. Wed., Jan. 1,
1957 to 8 a.m. Thurs. Feb. 7. 1957. All
student driving permit holders are re-
minded that new automobile license
plate numbers are to be reported to the
Office of Student Affairs within 5 days.
after being changed.
Veterans who did not fill in VA
Form VB 7-1996a, Monthly certification,
the week of Dec. 17 must do so in the
Office of Veterans' Affairs, 555 Admin-
istration Building, between 8:30 a..
and 3:30 p.m. by Fri., Jan. 4.
Lectures
Prof. Ronald Syme, D. Litt., F.B.A.,
Camden Professor of Ancient History
Oxford University, will speak on "The
Study of Oligarchy: Ancient and Mod-
ern," Fri., Jan. 4, at 4:15 p.m. Angell
Hall Aud. B. Auspices of the Depart-
ment of History. The public is invited.
Concerts
Student Recital: May Lancaster,
student. of piano with Joseph Brink-
man, in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the Bachelor of Music
degree at 4:15 p.m. Sun., Jan. 6, in Aud.
A, Angell Hall. Works by Bach, Beetho-
ven. Kubik, Brahms, and Chopin. Open
to the general public.
Student Recital by William Race,
8:30 p.m. Mon., Jan. 7, in the Rackham
Assembly Hall, in rartial fulfillment of
the requirements for the degree of
Doctor of Musical Arts (in Perform-
ance). Race studies with Joseph Brink-
man and Benning Dexter, and bis pro-
gram of compositions by Schubert,
Bach and Ravel will be open to the
general public.
Academic Notices
Graduate Record Examination: Ap-
plication blanks for the Jan 19, 1957
administration of the Graduate Record
Examination are available at 122 Rack-

ham Building. Application blanks are
due in Princeton, N.J. onJan. 4, 1957.
Psychology Colloquium. Dr. James
McConnell, instructor in psychology,
will speak on "The Aftereffects of
Bodily and Visual Rotation." Fri., Jan.

41

iI

4 1

'{

.I,

Al

By J. 1. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
EUROPE APPEARS TO BE something less
than excited over the Eisenhower-Dulles.
program for American action in the Middle
East.
The reaction there is that the most concrete
part of the concept is designed to deter some-
thing they feel isn't going to happen anyway.
That is direct Russian military aggression.
Among the questions asked is just how
economic aid, already looked upon with sus-
picion by some of the Arab states. is going
to prevent Communist subversion and de facto
Russian conquest.
They point to the case of Syria, shifting
rapidly toward the Russian orbit despite pre-
vious offers of aid.
EUROPEANS WANT TO KNOW whether the
United Sta es will produce a corollary pro-

gram within or without the United Nations for
settlements of the Arab-Israeli and the Suez
canal problems.
They do not believe any successful front
against communism can be established without
such settlements.
The question of relations between the United
States and the United Nations is also one
which is uppermost within the United States.
The United States program seems to be
designed to maintain the status quo until
peace can be established and the Middle East-
ern states can take a part in their own defense
against Russian expansion.
So far, the Arab states show no slightest
sign of being as mucb afraid of Russia as they
are of Israel, and vice .versa. Some Arab
states also are afraid of each other.
ONCE IT UNDERTAKES unilateral action,
the United States will owe the United
Nations a new pledge of support and a new
statement of policy.
The United Nations, having acted to oust
Israel. Britain and France from Egypt, is under

By WALTER LIPPMANN
IT WOULD be a mistake, I think,
to shape our policy in a way
which forces, or appears to force,
the Middle Eastern countries to
make a public and definite choice,
as to who will be their protector,
between the Soviet Union and our-
selves. It will be tactless and it
will be unwise to do this.
The natural line of their policy
is to avoid being aligned irrevoc-
ably with either side, and then to
play one side against the other, to
profit by the competition of the
great powers for their favor. Any
declaration of policy that we make
ought to take full account of all
this.
As a matter of fact, the very
best we can now hope for in the
Middle East is that the Arab coun-
tries will remain unaligned and in
a middle position. It is, therefore,
not only misleading but almost
mischievous to keep saying that
with the collapse of the British
authority in the Middle East, there

IN THINKING about the Middle
East, there are two general con-
ceptions, one of which we must
choose. The first is to think of the
Middle East as the stake in the
great conflict between the Soviet
Union and the United States.
If that is the way we approach
the problem, whatever we offer
the Arab states as military pro-
tection or economic assistance will
carry with it the implication that
they must make their choice be-
tween Moscow and Washington.
The other way to think about
the Arab countries is in terms of
a balance of power within which
they remain independent and un-
aligned. This is the approach
which best reflects the realities
of the military situation in the
Middle East, and the true national
interests of the Arab states.
If we look quite realistically at
the military situation of the
United States and of the USSR
in the Middle East, must we not
conclude that there exists a stale-

Because the stalemate prevents
overt intervention, the field is
wide open to propaganda, subver-
sion, bribery and intrigue. When
the British and French tried to
intervene, they found the USA
and the USSR aligned against
them. Underneath all the moral
and political reasons avowed for
this alignment, there was at bot-
tom the Soviet-American dead-
lock which neither dares to see
broken.
* * *,
THERE ARE then these two fac-
tors to be kept in mind. One is
that the natural line of the Arab
states is towards neutrality, and
that this should be respected and
encouraged.
A second factor is that the
Soviet Union and the United
States are mutually deterred from
overt intervention.
A third is that in this condition
of affairs, the Middle East is
highly unstable. For there is no
authority outside the region, and
none within the region, which can

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