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December 16, 1956 - Image 4

Resource type:
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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1956-12-16

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"It Works Fine. You Just Have To Push It. That's All"

Sixty-Seventh Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. « ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

hen Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

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To The Editor

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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

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Y. DECEMBER 16. 1956

NIGHT EDITOR: VERNON NAHRGANG

Intellectual Interest
In Religion Latent

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MOST STUDENTS on this campus adopt a
passive attitude toward religion.
This is one conclusion which members of the
Advisory Board to the Office of Religious Af-
fairs. drew at a Thursday meeting.
This conclusion begs some analysis and a
suggestion.
In alanysis, many factors contribute toward
determining the student religious "pulse." First,
there are the factors peculiar to the Univer-
sity of Michigan. Ours is a state university.
As such, there are no required courses in re-
ligion nor organized chapel services as found
on some denominational campuses.' If anyone
deeply wished religion mixed with education
in the classroom, he wouldn't have come to the
University.
Secondthere are factors which are part and
parcel of college life. Reason is considered the
modus operandi of the classroom. This reasofn
is becoming increasingly a scientific, "two plus
two four" logic. Such dispassionate logic has a
.tendency to extend beyond the classroom and
become an eyepiece for assessing the problems
of life. Religion then becomes the object of
cynic's barbs for its inability to stand up to
deductive logic.
As God finds it difficult to become a "four"
of campus logicians, so man's image of man,'
as the near perfect creature of God, is shatter-
ed. Man is looked upon in a very subjective,
anthropological manner. He is an animal and
the world is a jungle. Power politics is pre-
sented by members of the political science de-
partment as an established game. War is mat-
ter-of-factly an effective instrument of na-
tional policy. Intense business competition is
good, say the economists. Religion is related to
"human need" by anthropologists. Religion
is categorized as a fabrication of human con-
dition.
THE COLLEGE FRESHMAN walks off the
train into this And he must learn of it.
Back home he prolbably went to church or
synagogue every week with his family. Per-
haps he never knew a Buddhist or a Moslem
before.
From this provincial, tutored life he makes

a transition-by-train-car to an existence where
the old man doesn't force him out of bed and
off to church on Sunday morning, where he
will mingle with one of the most religioisly
cosmopolitan student bodies in the world, where
a conformity to non-conformity is rife, and
where he will learn to be reasonable.
From all of this,one can conclude that stu-
dents are either irreligious, passively concerned
with it, or that they are latently interested but
for some reason shy away from organized
"churchy" groups.
Isn't the latter true for most students? The
priority which religion is accorded in' campus
bull sessions is proof of interest-an intellec-
tual one. It is not proof of faith.
Thus, college appears as a peiod of "watch-
ful waiting" and searching toward religion. The
premises of faith are undergoing an intellectual
test.
SUGGESTION: any program by the Office of
Religious Affairs or any other body -6n
campus which seeks to encourage student re-
ligious participation and thought should at-
tempt to satisfy the student's intellectual
.hunger for religion.
It's not important that Johnny Freshman
be an active participant in the Methodist
Church of Ann Arbor ;just because he was active
in his church back in Hickory Corners. It is
important that he learn to intellectualize his
faith to make it compatible with his reason.
And it is important that he learn the tenets
of other faiths he was not "born into."
By what mediums can these two things bej
accomplished? Inter-House Council had the
right idea last year when they sponsored a de-
bate, "The Existence of God." The turnout am-
mounted to nearly 1000 people crowded into a
South Quadrangle dining room. They have
neglected to follow through on a well-received
program.
No other campus organization has been in-
terested in carrying the ball in this interest
area either. Here lies an opportunity for some
campus group.
--JAMES ELSMAN

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TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Two Questions in NATO

Policy Extension. .
To the Editor:
THE recent decision of SGC re:
Sigma Kappa appears to have
brought to light wht may well
become a serious problem, and
that is the apparent existence of
a double standard at Michigan for.
the judging of discrimination.
It appears that, due to a rather
arbitrary and obvious interpreta-
tion by President Hatcher's pre-
decessor, of the 1949 anti-discrim-
ination rule, any fraternity or
sorority existent on campus at
the time of the regulation is im-
mune from any action due to al-
leged infractions of it. In effect,
these Greek houses are given a
preferred status over all houses
coming to Ann Arbor since 1949.
I should like to ask why should
they have any sort of immunity?
Apparently, the 1949 rule was
passed because it was thought by
the students and administration
that discrimination was bad; I be-
lieve that, due to the recent publi-
city given to the question of civil
rights in education, the anti-dis-
crimination feeling is probably
stronger and more widespread to-
day: the Sigma Kappa incident is
probably an outgrowth of this sen-
timent.
If discrimination is bad, it is
universally bad; it is ridiculous to
say that some groups can discrim-
inate with impunity and others
cannot. It is ridiculous to say that
Sigma Kappa should be prose-
cuted (or persecuted) for appar-
ently having an oral gentleman's
agreement, while nationals having
obvious, written discriminatory
clauses can sit blithely on the
sidelines, impervious to attack,
The double standard is not
SGC's fault; they inherited it. But
they have to face up to the in-
consistency and try to reconcile
it. The interpretation given to the
1949 ruling is, in the light of exist-
ing conditions, bad and unjust.
An extension of the 1949 ruling
to all houses would solve the dil-
emma and the University would be
much better off in the long run.
-Ronald Pivnick, '60L
Baseless Charges . ...
To the Editor:
AGGRESSORS seek to cover
their guilt by hurling baseless
charges against the aggrieved.
That is what the Nazis and, more
recently, the North Koreans did.
That is what the Israelis are do-
ing now.
They say their invasion of Egypt
was prompted by Fidayeen attacks
on Israel. The truth is, whenever
there has been a truce violation
on the border, the Arabs have co-
operated with the United Nations
Truce team to investigate the vi-
olation. Israel has often blocked
the investigations and withdrew
her delegates from the Mixed Ar-
mistice Committees. This is a
matter of record. So is Count Ber-
nadotte's murder by Israeli, and
not, mind you, by Fidayeen.
This reminds me of what Ben
Gurion said in the Knesset at the
beginning of 1956 in that Israel
will not attack any one, and pre-
dicted an attack by the Arab
states in the following few months.
Then we all saw the Israeli inva-
sion of Egypt which was not
prompted by Fidayeen attacks on
Israel but was the result of an
apparent conspiracy between the
British, French, and Israelis to
overthrow the Egyptian Govern-
ment-an aggression condemned
by the whole world.

No Lecture Committee Action

THE Lecture Committee, like dorm food and
counseling, is one of those things people
scream at but do nothing about.
But unlike dorm food and counseling, where
some progress is being made, people are still
doing nothing about the Lecture Committee.
There is a lot wrong with the Lecture Com-
mittee-no student representatioi, no' prpced-
ure for appealing decisions, no provision for
turn-over in membership-and the odds are
good these wrongs could be righted.
All it takes is some student initiative and
hard work. Careful analysis of the Committee's
workings with recommendations for improve-
ment is sorely needed.
Student Government Council set up a four-
man committee to study the problem last Oct.
10. It hasn't been heard from since and prac-
tically nothing has been done beyond holding
a few chaotic meetings.,

We suggest SGC ask Chairman Tom Sawyer
for a report of the Lecture Study Committee's
work since Oct. 10.
F THE REPORT shows as little progress as
little progress as we suspect it will, we urge
that SGC set a time for a final set of recom-
mendations. And if there is no progress when
the time expires, then a new committee should
be appointed.
The Lecture Committee infringes on our
rights as students by having the right to ban
speakers. It is powerful and dangerous.
Atfempts to change or ignprove regulations
governing it should not be allowed to lapse into
passive inactivity.
-LEE MARKS,
City Editor

By WALTER LIPPMANN
THE news from Paris about what
is going on at the NATO confer-
ence is meager, there being no re-
porters present and no aailable
transcript of what is being said.
But two interesting questions have
been raised. One is the theoreti-
cal question: how far can a mem-
ber be expected to go in consult-.
ing NATO when the issue arises
outside the regional limits fixed
by the NATO treaty-say in the
Far East or in the Middle East?
The other is a question of prac-
tical policy. t has been raised by
the German Foreign Minister, Mr.
Von Brentano, by putting NATO
on notice that there may be an
uprising in Eastern Germany sim-
ilar to that in Hungary.
* * *
THE THEORETICAL question
poses one of those problems that
are insoluble in the abstract and
can be solved only by common
sense, loyalty and good will. In
theory, the jurisdiction and the
obligations of NATO have precise
geographical limits. They include,
for example, most of Western Eu-
rope but not Ireland, Sweden,
Switzerland, or Spain. They in-
clude Greece and Turkey but not
Iran or any other Middle East-
ern country. NATO is, juridically
speaking, not a general alliance
at all but a collective pact for
the military defense of a carefully
defined group of territories.
Theoretically, what goes on be-
yond the geographical limits of
NATO is not the business of
NATO.
But in fact, the NATO powers
are bound to be concerned with
anything which happens else-
where that bears upon the effect-

iveness of NATO. Mr. Dulles, for
example, seems to have said in
Paris that we are not bound to
consult with NATO in case we
feel that we have to go to war
over Formosa. According to the
words of the ,NATO contract, es-
pecially the fine print in the
contract, this is true. But what
if a war with Red China drew
in China's ally, the Soviet Un-
ion? Is it our theory that NATO,
and along with NATO our bases
in NATO territories could be neu-
tral in such a war? So it is in the
Middle East where in theory Bri-
tain and France have no strict
legal obligation to consult NATO.
But as the whole of NATO is in-
volved in the manifold conse-
quences of what they have just
done in the Middle East, it is im-
possible to argue that the Middle
East is none of NATO'S business.
* * *
THE POINT OF all this is that
whatever the letter of the con-
tract may say, its spirit and its
substance requires continual con-
sultation when the issue is peace
or war in any part of the world.
This obligation cannot success-
fully be defined in some kind of
general formula. If this were at-
tempted, so many holes would be
picked in the generalization that
it would be useless.
What is needed is not a formu-
la of words but a habit, almost
one might say an accepted routine,
in the conduct of foreign affairs.
There should be a habit of con-
sultation among allies so that
none is taken by surprise. And for
that consultation it should not be
necessary to convoke great con-
ferences, or for the Foreign Min-
isters to shuttle back and forth
in airplanes. The habit of con-

sultation should prevail not mere-
ly at the summit but at the work-
ing levels of diplomacy.
THERE IS PLENTY for NATO
to consult about without' consult-
ing very much in the abstract
about how much it ought to con-
sult. The question raised by' the
German Foreign Minister of what
is to be NATO policy in view of
the danger in East Germany is in-
dubitably NATO business. The
meeting now going on in Paris
willdbe a great disappointment if
it adjourns without taking serious
notice of the East German dan-
ger.
To take serious notice would
mean, it seems to me, not merely
to wait and see whether an ex-
plosion has taken place and then
to try to react to it, presumably
with grandiose moral declarations.
To take serious notice of the dan-
ger would be to take the initia-
tive, to act now rather than to
react later, to propose a renewal
of negotiations with the Soviet
Union for the unification of Ger-
many, for the thinning down and
moving backward of the armies,
and for an all-European system of
security.
1956 New York Herald Tribune Inc.
No United Nations army will
move into Hungary. The law of
the beast and the brute still rules
that forlorn land, that home of
heroes. But Russian communism
and its leaders sink day by day
lower into the depths of mankind's
contempt. They still have power
where their armies can reach, but
their mastery over the minds of
free and reasoning men has been
destroyed forever.
-The New York Times

Let peace reign in the Middle
East, but let this reign be based on
justice and fair .play and not on
the terms of the aggressor and the
tyrant.
-Isam Bdeir
Organization
Notices
Michigan Christian Fellowship, John
Stott Lectures, "What It Means to be
a Christian" 4 p.m., Presbyterian
Church.
: . s
Congregational and Disciples Student
Guild, vesper service and open house,
7 p.m., vespers at Memorial Christian
Church, open house at Guild House.
* * *
Roger Williams Fellowship, Bible
class, 9:45 a.m, Guild House ,
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Lutheran Student Associatalon, ean-
dlelight service, 7 p.m., Chapel.
* * *
Graduate Outing Club, hae an isup-
per, 2 p.m.. Rackham Building.
Hillel, Sunday supper club, 6 p.m.,
Hillei.
* * *
Hillel, organizational meeting for
chorus, 4:30 p.m., Chapel.
Hillel, Yiddish classes, 10 a.m., Hillel.
* * *
Wesleyan Guild, fellowship program
and drama- program, 5:30 p.m.. Wesley
Lounge
* s *
Unitarian Student Group, Interna-
tional Christmas party, 7 p.m., 1st Uni-
tarian Church.
+ . .
University of Michigan Folk Dancers,
dancing, 7:30-10 p.m., Monday, Lane
Hall.
Deutscher Verein, annual Wellnachts-
feer, 7:30 p.m., Tuesday, Room 3G, Uu-
ion.
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
SUNDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1956
VOL. LXVII, NO. 70
Automobile Regulations will be lfted
for Christmas vacation 'from 5 p.m.
Fri., Dec. 21, to 8 a.m. Thurs., Jan. 3,
1957.
Late Permission - All women stu-
dents who attended "Juno and the
Paycock" at Lydia Mendelssohn Audi-
torium on Thursday, December 13, had'
late permission until 10:50.
Dr. R. G. Bickford, assoc. prof. o
physiology, University 'of Minnesota,
and consultant in electroencephalo-
graphy at Mayo Clinic, will present a
University Lecture at 8:00 p m. Tues.,
Dec. 18, in the NPI Amphitheater, Un-
versity Hospital. "Behavioral Changes
Produced by Depth Stimulation of the
Human Brain," Sponsored by the De-
partment of Psychiatry."
Operations Research SeTinar: Prof.
Harry Goode will lecture on "The Ap-
plication of the System Design Process
to Business Problems," on Wed., Dec.
19. Coffee hour at 3:30 in Room 243
West Engineering Building and seminar
in Room 229, West Engineering at 4:00
p.m. All faculty members welcome.
Student Recital: Bonnie Glasgow,
mezzo-soprano, at 8:30 this evening,
in Aud. A, Angell Hall, in partial ful-
Ifillment of the requirements for the
Bachelor of Music degree. Miss Glascow
is a pupil of Chase Baromeo, and her
program will be open to the public.
Student Recital: Michael Avsharian,
Jr., violinist, will perform works by
Vitali, Bach, Beethoven, and Ravel,
at 8:30 p.m., 'Tues.; Dec. 18, in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. Nelita True will
accompany him. Avsharian is a pupil
of Gilbert Ross. This recital is in par- -
tial fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree of Bachelor of Music and
is open to the public.
Academic Notices
Pharmacology Seminar, 10:00 a.m.
Tues., Dec. 18, Room 205, Pharmacol-
ogy. "Experimental Neoplastic Chemo-
therapy." Dr. Alexander M. Moore, as-
sistant to the director of research,
Parke. Davis & Co., Detroit. Coffee will
be served in the departmental library
at 9:40 a.m.

Mathematics Colloquium: Tues., Dee.,
18, at 4:10 p.m. in 3011 A. H. Freder-
ick Bagemikl of the University of Notre
Dfame will speak "On a Theorem of Lin-
delof."
Doctoral Examination for Walter
Duane Kline, Romance Languages and
Literatures: Spanish; thesis: "The Use
of Novelistic Elements in Some Span-
ish-American Prose Works of the Sev-
enteenth and Eighteenth Centuries,"
Mon., Dec. 17, East Council Room,
Rackham Bldg., at 4:00 p.m. Chairman
I. A. Leonard.
Doctoral Examination for Ann Kron-
quist Fitz-Hugh, Education; thesis:
"The Conceptual Structure in Spon-
taneous Client Laughter During Coun-
selling Interviews," Mon., Dec. 17, East
Council Room, Rackham Bldg., at
10:00 a.m. Co-chairmen, E. S. Bordin
and H. Y. McCluskey.
Doctoral Examination for Deil Spen-
,cer Wright, Political Science; thesis:
"The Prestige of the Public Service in
a Metropolitan Community," Tues., Dec.
18, 4609 Haven Hall, at 1:30 p.m. Chair.
man, Ferrel Heady.
Placement Notices
The following schools have listed
vacancies on their teaching staffs fo
Feb. 1957.
Peck, Michigan - Home Econ./Jr.
High.
Davenport, Iowa (St. Katharine's
Episcopal School) - Dietition/Home

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Attention on Nehru Visit

4

THE EYES of the world today are focused
on the meeting of President Eisenhower,
foremost representative of the free Western
world, and Prime Minister of India Nehru, a
leading spokesman for the uncommitted na-
tions.
Two occurences of the last month, our con-
demnation of British and French agression in
the Suez dispute and the cruelty of Russian
intervention in the Hungarian ,fight for free-
dom, have put the United States in a better
position to gain the confidence of Prime Min-
ister Nehru than at any time since India be-
came a free nation nine years ago.
Indians view the world conflict largely in
terms of colonialism versus anti-colonialism
while Americans see it as Democracy versus
Communism.
Just now, America is beginning to act in-
dependently, by not taking the side of her
allies in all international affairs. Because of
United States' censure of British and French
attempts to reestablish colonial power in the
Suez Canal zone, India might now be made
Editorial Staff
RICHARD SNYDER. Editor
RICHARD HALLORANNLEE MARKS '
Editorial Director City Editor
Business Staff
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN.... Associate Business Manager
WILMm PU SC ------- --- .-rt -nb U -nn

to realize that America does not condone colon-
ialism. The United States stand was taken at
the cost of creating a great rift in the NATO
alliance, a rift that we are now attempting
to close.
Being preoccupied with Western colonialism
India has apparently failed to recognize that
Communism intrinsically involves a brand of
colonialism all its own. Until recent Russian
supression of freedom in Hungary, India greatly
underestimated the ruthlessness of Soviet to-
talitarianism.
At first Nehru seemed to accept the Soviet
contention that Hungary's rebellion was merely
a domestic affair. Recently, however, he has
condemned Russian intervention. Soviet at-
tacks have created great disillusionment and
disgust -in Indian political circles.
1THY IS IT that India, a nation immersed
in Droblems of overcoming illiteracy, dis-
ease, poverty and economic underdevelopment
should hold such great diplomatic weight in
the struggle for balance of power?
The course of world history will be sub-
stantially influenced by the attitudes of the
uncommitted nations who are struggling to
go their own ways, to -remain free of associa-
tion with any particular bloc or alliance.
The Asian nations who are in this category
hold a key position in the global struggle for
the balance of power. The degree of their suc-
cess in retaining' freedom of action will play a
vital role in determining the outcome of the
power conflict.
INDIA is strongly committed to the view that
- - r -tnfim ..'Ks -A Nri .r -- -nefn n-

TALKING ON TELEVISION:
1956-Lack of Original TV Programming

By LARRY EINHORN
Daily Television Writer
LAST year at this time, this
column was devoted to a re-
view of television for the year
1955. This offering, being the last
one for 1956, will express the
writer's humble opinions of tele-
vision for the year 1956 and a
contrast between this and what
was said about television for 1955.
I felt that 1955 was television's
most progressive year since the
early network development days.
Biggest advancement was the ad-
dition of compatible color. The
television spectacular had become
a reality. The "64,000 Question"
made the most meteoric rise of
any program in the history of
television. Mary Martin and com-
pany enchanted the nation in
"Peter Pan." New program ideas
such as "Wide Wide World" were
introduced.
It seemed that 1955 was to be
the stepping stone for better tele-
vision. In logical sequence 1956
should have continued this for-
ward development.
** c +

the work of network publicity de-
partments. The sharp decline
. came about as soon as the first
show was in progress,
This charmed circle includes
the new "Herb Shriner Show,"
"Walter Winchell Show," the Bud-
dy Hackett "Stanley" series, "The
Brothers," and the new "George
Gobel Show," to name just a few.
There has always been at least
one new comedy sensation in tele-
vision in every previous year. It
started xvith Milton Berle and
then in succeeding years Jackie
Gleason. Red Buttons, Jerry Les-
ter Sid Caesar, Steve Allen, George
Gobel and finally Phil Silvers
were acclaimed the "new" come-
dians of their respective years.
There was no new sensational
comedian in 11956.
There was not one new program
that even attempted to break in-
to the Top Ten. This does not
follow the respected idea that a
television program has a limited
life and a new television program
should therefore have the ad-
vantage over the veteran shows,
because they are newer and have
not been able to become "tired of"
in the minds of the public.

'The Phil Silvers Show." None of
the new mystery programs have
the interest of "Dragnet" or "Al-
fred Hitchcock Presents." The new
variety programs cannot compete
with the success of Ed Sullivan.
* 4 *
THUMBNAIL impressions of the'
new developments in television
in 1956 best describe how unpro-
ductive it was.
Jackie Gleason spent more than
half the year on film before realiz-
ing that the public wanted the
old live show.
Steve Allen couldn't compete
with Ed Sullivan, but has never-
theless given up the "Tonight"
show, where he was popular, to
further his fight. The best spec-
tacular of the year was a repeat
of the 1955 "Peter Pan."
"I Love Lucy," a real television
veteran, now leads all the popu-
larity polls. Jimmy Durante, Dean
Martin and Jerry Lewis are no
longer seen on a regular basis.
Bob Hope has lessened the num-
ber of his television shows and
this fewer number are on kine-
scope recording. Jan Murray junk-
ed the nonular "Dollar A Seonr1"

The contractual arrangements
were not so firm with the "Walter
Winchell Show," the "Herb Shrin-
er Show," "Do You Trust Your
Wife?" and "High Finance,"
' which are now in the process of
being dropped.
* *' *
THE BIGGEST single develop-
ment in television during 1956
was the release of the giant back-
logs of the major motion picture
companies for their use on tele-
vision. This is probably the biggest
single development in the his-
tory of television toward the abo-
lition of local live network pro-
gramming during the daytime and
late evening, when there are not
so many network programs.
Generally speaking, it can be
concluded that 1956 was certainly
not a' productive year for new
television entertainment. Of course
there are exceptions. Jack and
the Beanstalk," "Matinee Thea-
ter," convention and election night
coverage and "Project XX" are
a few of the 1956 entries that
deserve roses in this bed of thorns.
Television itself did not suffer
from the lack of new irl f.ora

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