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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXVII, No. 69 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1956
Rule of Kremlin
Tells NATO Members Soviets
Threatened by Internal Weakness
PARIS (?P)-Secretary of State John Foster Dulles yesterday
predicted the eventual collapse of Soviet communism.
He told the free world allies that unswerving loyalty to the United
Nations concept will speed the process.
In an earnest, almost religious address to members of the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization, the secretary said he had "good reason"
to believe that internal pressures are shaking the Kremlin's iron rule.
He declared this provides the world with an historic opportunity for
real and lasting peace.
To exploit this opportunity, he asserted, the West must nmintain
a spotless moral appeal to the captive but restive peoples of the East,
with staunch adherence to the
PARIS (P)-Britain and France
were reported yesterday moving
for a meeting with Egypt to seek
a settlement of the Suez Canal
They were said to be leaning to-
ward Egypt's terms.
. United Nations Secretary Gen-
eral Dag Hammarskjold would sit
in on the conference, possibly in
Geneva. Secretary of State John
Foster Dulles was understood to
be firmly supporting the new
Britain and France were said
to have given clear indications at
the current NATO meeting in Par-
is they will accept less than the
full international control of the
Canal they have been demanding.
Western diplomats said the
present intention of Britain and
France is to seek a meeting quick-
ly of the British, French and
Egyptian foreign ministers.
Informants said British Foreign
Secretary Selwyn Lloyd and
French Foreign Minister Christian
Pineal are ready to negotiate
with Egyptian Foreign Minister
Mahmoud Fawzi on the basis of:
1. The six principles adopted by
the UN Security Council and
Egypt Oct. 13.
2. Hammarskjold's interpreta-
tion of those principles as spelled
out in a letter to Fawzi Oct. 24.
The six principles are: Freedom
of access to the canal for all na-
tions, respect for Egypt's sover-
eignty, insulation of the canal
from politics, tolls to be fixed by
agreement between Egypt and
users, guarantees for developing
the canal, and arbitration of dis-
Hammarskjold wrote Fawzi that
international cooperation o the
canal might be accomp ished
through an Egyptian operating
authority, with representation for
The Egyptian Canal Authority
and the user representatives
would consult on legal matters,
settlement of differences and ful-
fillnient of decision. But the users
would be bound not to interfere
in the work of the canal authority.
Fawzi in a' reply made public
Nov. 3 agreed that Hammar
skj old's outline was worth trying
as a possible basis for negotiations.
Britain and France - and also
the United States - heretofore
have stood by an 18-power plan
for creating an international au-
thority to run the canal. The plan
was drafted in London in Sep-
tember by the main nations using
Moore To Leave
Ann Arbor Council
Prof. A. D. Moore of the engi-
neering college, a veteran of 17
years on the Ann Arbor City
Council, announced yesterday he
will not seek re-election for a new
Prof. Moore, whose term will
end next April. cited the need to
devote more time to research and
writing as his reason for not run-
ning. "This was not an easy de-
cision to make," Prof. Moore de-
clared, "Serving on the council is
a way of life."
He also made mention of the
large turn-over in Council mem-
principles of the UN charter, es-
pecially in renouncing force as an
instrument of national policy.
But Sec. Dulles added at the
same time the West must also
maintain a powerful defense shield
to deter the Kremlin from the
temptations of military adven-
His statement marked the open-
ing of a session of NATO foreign,
finance and defense ministers.
Among other things the NATO
men must map defense targets for
1957 and consider methods of clos-
er political and economic coopera-
tion by the 15 member nations.
Expected to Continue
The session is expected to con-!
tinue to the. end of the week.
The session was closed to news-
men, who received a digest of the
Dulles and other speeches from
Parts of Sec. Dulles' statement
were an obvious rebuke to Britain
and France for their invasion of
Egypt in the Suez Canal dispute.
But the secretary soothed them
with a compliment on their prompt
observance of the UN call for a
cease-fire on the Suez front.
Britain's Foreign Secretary Sel-
wyn Lloyd and French Foreign
Minister Christian Pineau both
took the floor to explain their
action. It was due, they said, to
Cairo's provocation and the men-
ace of Soviet penetration into the
Within NATO's Scope
Pineau, declaring that Suez is
not now within NATO's scope,
urged the alliance to make mutual
consultation compulsory in some
matters beyond the geographical
limits of the NATO treaty.
He said such consultation should
lead to a joint NATO policy in
these "outside" zones to avoid a
repetition of the Middle East situ-
ation where American policy has
been at odds with Paris and Lon-
To Make Tour'
Prof. Joseph E. Maddy of the
music school, director of the Na-
tional Music Camp at Interlochen'
yesterday received an invitation
from the Polish Embassy in Wash-
ington to make a concert tour of
Poland with 100 high school
The invitation asked that the
National High School Orchestra
of America, sponsored by Inter-.
lochen, visit Poland in September.
The letter said: "We are sure
that the visit of the National High
School Orchestra will contribute
not only to world friendship, but,
more specifically, to the develop-
ment of a warm relationship be-
tween your country and ours.
aIt is our hope also that a group
of young Polish musicians will in
the future find it possible to come
to the United States for compar-
Prof. Maddy said that the best
100 of the 1200 camp students
would perform in the tour. "We
have been planning this trip for
over a year," he commented.
"In September I went to Wash-
ington to confer with ambassadors
of each of the Iron Curtain coun-
tries. "They all seemed so anxious
to welcome our band that I ex-
pected invitations in October.
When fighting in Hungary broke
out I feared all our plans would
I nP . adv i now x pnting
1' "/j'g -uIL J .1 m..J
Increase of 2000
Prof. Glenn V. Edmonson of the
engineering college said yesterday I
the college's newly-announced 25
milliondollar expansion program
was designed with the "future a u
quality and number of students" Walks Out
in mind, not over concern with the
technological threat of Russia.
Five new buildings are planned
for North Campus and scheduled
to be constructed by 1962 to pro-
vide for an increase of 2000 under-
graduate students in the college. Horvath Protests
This expansion would increase the UN 'Interference'
enrollment in the College of Eng-
ineering by two-thirds over a four UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. ()-
year period. Foreign 'Minister Imre Horvath
Emphasis on Principles and his small Hungarian delega-
Continued emphasis on the sci- tion glumly walked out of the
entific principles underlying all' United Nations Assembly yester-
fields of engineering will not be day after protesting alleged UN
sacrificed as an expected 8000 stu- intereference In Hungary's intern-
dents enroll for courses in the year al affairs.
1970, Prof. Edmonson said before
a recent meeting of Detroit and Horvath acted as rebellion
Toledo sections of the American flared again in Hungary against
Society of Mechanical Engineers his Soviet-dominated government.
on campus.. He said Hungary had been "in-
Appropriations expected to total sulted" by delegates at the UN.
25 million dollars for the five He said he would return alone to
units have been requested of the Budapest and the remainder of
State Legislature, Prof. Edmon- the delegation would remain in
son related. Funds amounting to New York.
$2,950,000 have already been al- Meanwhile, sentiment built up
located byte Legislature for con- in the Assembly for overwhelming
struction of the first unit of the approval of a 20-country resolu-
F 1 u i d s Engineering Laboratory tion condemning the Soviet Union
and for planning of the second, he for its intervention in Hungary
added. and demanding withdrawal of So-
"We are planning facilities to viet troops.
raccomodate 5000 undergraduate Britain added its support to the
students by 1960," Prof. Edmon- resolution, sparked by the United
son said, citing the critical short- States, and at the same time
age of engineers which the Uni- frowned on an Indian plan to de-
versity is trying to help alleviate. lete the condemnation clause and
Now 3100 Undergraduates to ask Secretary General Dag
There are now 3100 undergradu- Hammarskjold to go to Moscow in
ates in the College of Engineering. an effort to work out a solution.
"There is a tendency to liberalize U.S. Chief Delegate Henry Cab-
in every profession," Prof. Ed- ot Lodge Jr.. who has attacket
monson said, and related this Horvath on charges of attempting
trend to the College's increase in to delude the Assembly, com-
class and laboratory work on sci- mented that it was "one Soviet
entific fundamentals. There is also agent the less" after Horvath left.
to be increased emphasis on re- "It would save a lot of wasted
search projects, closer contact with time if all the other satellites
faculty, and student acquaintance would do the same thing." Lodge
with overall activities in all fields said. But no one followed the
of engineering, he continued., Hungarians.
In the building program are en- Instead, Bulgaria, Albania and
visioned a Fluids Engineering Lab- White Russia took the rostrum to
oratory, now in the early stages of attack the United States for al-
construction; a Materials, Metal- leged interference in Hungary
lurgy and Structures Laboratory; and to say the United States
a Highway Engineering Labora- should be the country condemned
tory; a Sanitary Engineering Lab- instead of the Soviet Union.
oratory; and an Engineering Class Turkey asked to join the list of
Room and Library Building. sponsors of the resolution backed
Foundations Being Dug - by the United States. The other
The Fluids Engineering Labora- sponsors are Argentina, Austra-
tory, for which foundations are lia, Belgium, Chile, Colombia,
now being dug, will encompass Denmark, Dominican Republic,
120,000 square feet of space. Five El Salvador, Ireland, Italy, Neth-
hundred students will occupy the erlands, Norway, Pakistan, Peru,
laboratory per period during the Philippines, Spain, Sweden, and
ten periods per week. Thailand.
The Materials, Metallurgy and
Structure Laboratory will house
700 students during each instruc-
tion period, Prof. Edmonson said.
A 65,000 square foot Highway
Engineering Laboratory will be BUENOS AIRES, Argentina W)
used for the testing materials ac- -Michigan's Gov. G. Mennen
tivities of the State of Michigan Williams said yesterday he would
Highway Laboratory as well as accept the Democratic nomination
surveying and vibrations testing fro President in 1960 if he was of-
by students, fered it.I
The Class Room and Library Williams is visiting Argentina.
Building will provide space for the on a tour of Latin America.
use os the increased enrollment The Michigan governor did not
and will free areas on the central volunteer comments and empha-
campus for the use of the mathe- sized it was early to think about
matics and engineering English who may be the Democratic stan-
departments. dard bearer in 1960.
ISA FORUM-Samin Ali Khan, Grad., from Pakistan discusses the past, ]
Western Europe in a forum sponsored by the International Students A
Europe Needs Economic AC
By CAROL PRINS
Europe's future importance in
international affairs depends on
its ability to develop its economic
resources and military potential,
an Egyptian claimed last night.
In an International Student's
Association forum, the past, pres-
ent and future of Europe discussed
by Samin Ali Kahn, Grad., a Pak-
istani student, Michael Bentwich,
Grad., an Israeli, Egyptian El-Ah-
madi Heiba, Grad., and Bruce
Budde, '58E, from the United
They discussed the topic "Eu-
rope Doesn't Matter Any More?"
Heiba continued Europeans
must accept their loss of power re-
sulting from economic collapse
Student Government Council
today will begin discussion of pos-
sible action to take against Sigma
Kappa sorority, found in viola-
tion of University regulations by
the Council last week.
However, Council President Bill
Adams, '57BAd., "doubts very
much" any action will be taken at
today's meeting, to be held at 7:30
p.m. in the third-floor Conference
Room of the Union.
The Council will also consider
a report and motion by the M-
Handbook Study Committee re-
garding the handbook's worth on
campus and its continuation for
the next few years.
Student Representation Com-
mittee will present a report on
Regental action on a Student Ac-
SGC will also hear reports on
} the Foreign Student Leadership
Program, the Cinema Guild Study
and military counseling at the
Title roles in the speech de-
partment's presentation of "Juno
and the Paycock" by Sean O'Casey
will be played by Gertrude Slack,
Grad., and Brendan O'Reilly, '58.
They will play Juno and "Cap-
tain" Boyle (the Paycock). The
comic-tragedy will be presented at
8 p.m. today through Saturday in
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Set in a Dublin tenement the
play describes the Boyle family
and the tragic fate it meets
through the weaknesses of one of
O'Casey's play, based on the ef-
fects of the Easter Rebellion in
Ireland in 1916, was first pre-
sented in 1925 with Barry Fitz-
gerald and Sarah Allgood playing
the title roles. The pair played the
same roles for the Broadway re-
following World War II and work
for unification of Western Europe.
"Europe is not a continent, it
is only a headland of Asia," Kahn
stated. He said a similar argu,
ment had been recently propound-
ed by historian Arnold Toynbee.
Kahn cited the alphabet, num-
erals and religion as Asian contri-
butions to Europan civilization. He
asked, "What has Europe contrib-
uted to Asian culture? Imperial-
ism, colonialism, and anti-semit-
He concluded "Europe is the
graveyard of civilization."
Bentwich stated that European
imperialism in the 1600's was
caused by the predominant
strength of the Western European
nations at that time. The failure
of this policy was due to the reali-
zation of the native's that to be
strong "they must know how to
He called the rapid industriali-
zation of West Germany since the
last war an example of the ad-
vanced technology of European
Examples of European domi-
nance were mentioned by Budde.
"Most Asian and AfrIcan students
come to European universities, the
English language is spoken at such
world important assemblies as the
Bandung Conference recently held!
in Indonesia, and European in-
dustrial methods prevail in most
Riot in Poland-
WARSAW, Poland - Rioting
Poles marched on the Soviet con-
sulate in the Baltic city of Stettin
in a wild burst of anti-Russian
feeling Monday night, smashing
Iwindows and trying to storm its
The Polish press yesterday re-
ported the attack as an outburst
of "drunken hooligans." But reli-
able sources in Stettin said it
started as a demonstration by stu-
dents and young factory workers
in sympathy with Hungary.
The press said the rioters were
finally scattered by troops and
strong-arm "workers militiamen"
who were called in by the local
Communist party. Several police-
men were reported beaten up and
a number of the demonstrators ar-
Attack In Ireland
ARMAGH.Northern Ireland (P)
ably not b
and 62 pe
F< ' Rebel Combatants
Surrounded in Hills
As Fighting Mounts
B U D A P E S T ()-Rebellous
Hungarians invoked a general
strike yesterday and some fought
on with. arms against Premier
Janos Kadar's Russian-imposed
" The strike, planned to last 48
hours, tied up nearly all Hun-
gary's industry and commerce.
Informed Hungarian sources
said Russian troops encircled a
. band of freedom fighters holding
-Daily-Charles curtiss out in the hills at Harmashatar-
present and future of hegy, about 20 miles northwest of
Association. Budapest, and sought to wipe them
out with medium artillery and
heavy machine guns.
I'f')j'nce Fighting for Lives
vance The rebels were last reported
fighting to avoid extinction, Com-
munications from Budapest to that
said Europe would prob- area were cut and the informants
be a dominant figure in said the fate of the band was un-
airs in the future. determined.
's hope for greater polit- Several clashes between Hun-
can be attained by uni- garian crowds and the government
f Western Europe," he forces-Hungarian police and Rus-
sian troops-marked the strike.
Though martial law has been
proclaimed and some labor leaders
d j arrested, men stayed away from
their jobs by the hundreds of thou-
sands to protest the dictatorial at-
titude of Kadar's regime.
Budapest was hard hit and some
sources said the strike was nearly
NGTON - The govern- 100 per cent effective in the prov-
erday issued its master ices.
the emergency oil lift Big factories of Budapest were
and formally "invited" closed and the city's transport sys-
an companies to get the tems halted. Only its power plants
ig and food factorieswere working.
ation Director Arthur S. A few food stores stayed open. All
made public an agree- other shops closed.
ich exempts the firms But the government-denounced
ly from antitrust action by the Budapest General Workers
y voluntarily pool their Council for "anti-people, anti-
reroutetanker fleets worker activities"-persisted in
markets. the tough coutse it adopted last
ct bore the approval of month under Soviet tutelage.
. Herbert Brownell,al- Onerreport, unconfirmed, said
in. Joseph P. O'Mahoney Hungarian police fired into a
ihas charged that it crowd of civilian demonstrators in
n "international cartel" Ujpest, a suburb of the capital,
manage the country's oil and caused an undetermined num-
ber of casualties.
* « *Two Incidents
Two incidents occurred in front
- Egyptian Education of the war-battered N a t io n al
Kamal Eldin Hussein said Theater in downtown Budapest,
a Russian language in- where thousands of strikers idled
11 be opened in Cairo to or sought the few open food shops.
gthen friendly relations In the first, Hungarian police
Egypt and the Soviet used clubs and rifle butts to dis-
perse a crowd, witnesses said. A
reporters the two coun- Hungarian newsman was reported
exchange students. wounded in one shoulder. Some
policemen trying to arrest demon-
UVER, B. C. - Snow, strators were surrounded and
clouds hampered aerial beaten.
yesterday in a hunt for In the second, Hungarian police
the fate of a missing said Russian armored units tried
nada Air Lines transport for hours to break up the throng
rsons who vanished with aroundthe theater because a
r night. drunk had hurledtan empty wine
* * *bottle on a tank.
ORK - Bethlehem Steel Radio Budapest broadcast a gov-
d Youngstown Sheet ernment announcement that the
decided yesterday to go state will take control of the prop-
ith their long-proposed erty of all persons who have left
espite governmetap-Hnaysnetesato h e
bellion Oct. 23 and sell it if they
T.are not back by March 31, 1957, a
pNGTON.- Sen Charles rviously set amnesty deadline.
I-Mich) pledged support The same decree said property
for an effort to curb of "dissolved" organizations such
ibusters. as the labor councils also may be
'illis Robertson (D-Va.) taken over by the government.
as a "hollow political Even while.trying to combat the
a proposed move to strike, the government struck.out
xisting rules. on a new course, with the property
otter said the Senate's of refugees as its target.
ule requiring 64 affirma-
to cut off a debate byRT Ia
Senators "constitutes a Re e & ue
the continuing record of
e achievement under our
n administration, espe-
h regard to civil rights
." A Hungarian student council
* * . * president who led an army of 5000
NGTON - Farmers re- sketchily armed rebels in the re-
a referendum yesterday cent Hungarian revolt will speak
ed new control program at 3 p.m. tomorrow in the Rack-
which Secretary of Agri- ham Building.
zra Taft Benson had in- Istvan Laszlo, 21 year-old stu-
e favored. dent at the University of Sopron,
ae "tll orr rr n+ HoT T-i - 4+ -
SPEECH DEPARTMENT PLAY:
'Juno and PaycocW To
- ..E:M;.:-'-"--' ' S.N*..,.,... ___________ .ill'
-Terrorist bands yesterday blew
up a radio transmitter and court- WASHI
house and launched an armed jected at
attack on a British military bar- a propos
racks. for corn
The entire Northern Ireland culture E:
constabulary was mobilized in an dicated h
::<q:___________;^ S '______________:::? .ti v,°;.' ...°.