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"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: PETER ECKSTEIN
AT HILL AUDITORIUM:
Quite Unspectac ular
T HE Westminister Recording Company has recently advertised that
their technique for overcoming the disadvantages of the inherent
lack of dynamic range in home recordings is to train the recording
orchestra to restrict its range during performance. This unbelievable
distortion goes under the name of "Natural Balance." Such arbitrary
self-controls were bad enough confined to micro-groove dimensions;
it is even more unfortunate when it obtrudes into the concert hall.
Perhaps it is all a gruesome plot by Westminister et al. to inure the
public to what they can get on records.
Lack of dynamic range was perhaps the most obvious fault of the
Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra last night. Fortunately at least one of
the programmed compositions profited under such treatment. The
Sigma Kappa Controversy
Manifestation of Deeper Issue
COULD IT BE that Student Government
Council has overlooked the pervading issue
in their handling of the Sigma Kappa contro-
versy-fraternity and sorority discrimination?
Thus far, the Council has taken a very one-
fold approach to the issue, preoccupied with
the power they can wield. Let there be no
doubt, SGC can boot the sorority off campus
if it wants to. The Council can cite these
excepts from "University Regulations" -
"Recognition will not be granted any organi-
zation which prohibits membership in the
organization because of race, religion or color"
and further, "Action directed toward with-
drawal of official recognition may be instituted
directly by ... the Student Government Coun-
Evidence available at this time indicates
further that had the local Sigma Kappa
pledged a Negro, the national would have
suspended them. Thus SGC has a bylaw,
Sigma Kappa appears to have tangentially
violated it, and the question is will SGC use its
BUT IS THIS the fundamental issue? Isn't
the real issue larger than our local Sigma
Kappa, larger than this campus, something
that is part and parcel of the fabric of our
Are not 40 or 50 women who are no more
bigoted than Betty Coed in the independent
dormitories, who came to the University to
learn like the other 22,000 of us and merely
chose a different place to live, who now face
losing a heavily mortgaged house which they
want to call home, who happened to be recog-
nized by SGC after the 1948 bylaw, and who
find themeselves inextricably caught and em-
barrassed by a situation which they don't
Icntrol-aren't they as concerned with the rock
bottom truths and issues of the situation?
These concerns certainly do not
SGC's taking action on December 5,
add understanding to the problem.
Could SGC be so great as to stop staring at
Sigma Kappa and air a larger issue-affiliate
discrimination? Can Council members be so
blind as to overlook the discrimination that
prevails in houses which were recognized
before the bylaw? Why pick on the victim of
T THIS CAMPUS bandy about the issue
of affiliate discrimination. There are some
fundamental moral questions to be resolved.
We would like to hear a fraternity athlete
answer this cquestion-"Don't you think it
hypocritical to be a team-mate with a Negro
five nights a week for practice and for Satur-
day's game and know that his race has dis-
qualified him from living in your house?"
In the deep South discrimination can't be
discussed rationally. On this campus discus-
sion has a proper environment-a rational
community of minds. We have to assume that.
We must also hope that reason and morality
are twin brothers.
SUGGESTION: SGC should hold a forum
before December 5 where the Sigma Kappa
controversy and the larger issue of Greek dis-
crimination would be discussed. On the panel
would be the Council's cabinet, Miss deBruin
of Panhellenic Council and Mr. Leedy of Inter-
fraternity Council. The panel would answer
all audience questions.
SGC will find that it can show its muscle
best on this campus, not by gassing and en-
forcing laws but by stimulating students to
--JAMES ELSMAN, Jr.
symphonies of Haydn are almost
chamber works in character, and
were not, originally intended for
performance by the mammoth or-
chestras of today. The 96th in D
major, which opened the program,
was the high spot of the concert.
As often happens with Haydn, for
me at least, the first movement
eclipsed the remainder of the work.
The development was scintillating
and humorous, with a delightful
Grande Pause at the beginning of
the recapitulation which almost
had the audience chuckling. After
this the slow movement was slow;
the minute, minute; and the finale,
FROM HERE ON things degen-
erated badly. The next work was
by someone named Berger, a con-
temporary Austrian composer. It
should have stayed home. No one
but Ravel has succeeded in play-
ing one rhythm ;ontinously for
ten or more minutes without driv-
ing his audience to distraction;
and he wanted to, one is told. A
last minute program change
brought us Roussel's Bacchus et
Ariane, an amusing but trivial
piece. Primarily the work last
night was a show, piece for the
orchestra's complete lack of color.
I have heard the Boston Symphony
play it with far more glitter.
T h e greatest disappointment
came after intermission. Some may
be old enough to have forgotten,
and surely some are too young to
have known, but during the last
major world conflict the letter,
V, allegedly standing for the ul-
timate triumph of the Allied
Forces, and intimately connected
in its inception with W. Churchill,
statesman, of Britain, achieved a
certain psychological prominence.
It was Beethoven's misfortune that
one F. Morse, in devising a simple
code for telecommunication used
a series of three beeps and a bloop
for V. Beethoven had used this
rhythmic pattern, to great effect,
in his fifth symphony. Also V is
Latin for 5. The record companies
went to town. Beethoven's Fifth
was THE VICTORY SYMPHONY.
The poor thing was played to
death. The eventual reaction was
to look down on it as though it
were a "popular" composition, and
for a few years one rarely heard
it. Now that the furor has mo-
mentarily subsided, one can ap-
proach the music unprejudiced;
and it is good. It is exuberantly
exciting, and among its historical
contemporaries, startling. The life-
less, flat performance last night
was a great let-down to an other-
wise mediocre concert.
An audience surprisingly en-
thusiastic in the circumstances
applauded until the orchestra
played, as an encore, a piece of
dance music by another local com-
poser; at least it was on their level.
-3. P. Benkard
Long-Range Peace Discussion .,
TgOMORROW is Thanksgiving.
It is the traditional American holiday
celebrated with feasts of turkey and cranberry
sauce, squash and pumpkin pie. And celebrated
with a simple pre-meal prayer saying, "Thank
Though this prayer says little, it can mean
much. It says thank you for the turkey we
are eating--and thank you for all the freedoms
But while we lick off the last crumbs of
pumpkin pie from our forks, and weakly push
ourselves from the table, troubles outside the
realm of our placid Thanksgiving holiday exist.
streets and dissenters are trundled off to
Siberia while Russia's grip on the satellite
becomes even tighter.
An international dispute over the Suez
waterway has resulted in Egyptians having
their country ravaged by bombs, leaving fami-
lies homeless and starving.
Russians live in constant fear of the secret
In many parts of Asia people live on the
margin of starvation.
BECAUSE these crises seem so far removed
from our Thanksgiving table of turkey
bones and olive pits, it is all too easy to sit
back, groan a bit from indigestion and give
a feeble, complacent "Thank you."
REGARDLESS of the concealed
g im micksand propaganda
twists in the Bulganin disarma-
ment note, it comes at a time when
two significant situations are at
hand. They are:
Foreign Minister Shepilov has
hinted at the idea of a Russian-
American agreement to keep the
peace of the world.
President Eisenhower has set
himself the goal of fulfilling the
pledge's he made during the elec-
tion campaign-the achievement
of peace. He believes he can ne-
gotiate an agreement with the
Russians which would bring the
world at least ten years of peace.
He could then go down in history
as a peace president.
Some advisers, especially those
in the Pentagon, are vigorously
opposed to these views, believe
their Commander-in-Chief may be
too trusting of the Russians. The
State Department, among others,
is skeptical. United Nations Am-
bassador Henry Cabot Lodge was
so suspicious when Shepilov sug-
gested, at the end of an informal
chat, that the United States and
Russia between them could keep
the peace, he was inclined to
brush it aside.
* * *
THE CHAT took place in New
York. Shepilov suggested that
Britain and France were no longer
y DREW PEARSON
first-class powers. He congratu-
lated the United States for con-
demning their attack on Egypt and
suggested that Russia and the
U.S.A. work together in the future.
The reasoning of the President,
according to close friends, goes
something like this:
The Kremlin knows that World
War III would destroy Russia as
well as the United States. This,
incidentally, was Eisenhower's in-
terpretation of the Russian state-
of-mind even before Bulganin put
it in exactly those words in last
week's disarmament proposal.
The Kremlin also knows that in
time of war it could not possibly
control the satellite peoples. Con-
trol over them depends on trans-
portation and communication; and
in time of war transportation and
communication would be cut off.
The satellites would revolt. The
g r e a t unassimilated population
masses of the U.S.S.R. would be in
* * *
THEREFORE, Eisenhower reas-
ons, the Kremlin needs peace and
knows that it needs peace.
Accordingly, a marriage of con-
venience might be worked out
whereby Russia agreed to keep out
of the Near East and the U.S.A.
agreed to keep hands off the sate-
llite countries. Russia would police
all of Eastern Europe. The United
States, in turn, would be left to
work out the future of the Near
East and Africa.
This cuts squarely across elec-
tion promises made by both Eisen-
hower and Dulles to free the sate-
llite nations, but it's reasoned that
world peace would be worth this
The broad outline of the Presi-
dent's thinking goes, back to the
same principle President Roosevelt
was working on with Stalin and
Churchill, and which Eisenhower,
then commander in Europe, ,was
cognizant of. It was in conformity
with this over-all plan that he
pulled U.S. troops out of Czecho-
slovakia after General Patten .c-
cupied that country; also pulled
U.S. troops out of Potsdam and
down to south of the River Elbe.
* * *
CHURCHILL, Stalin, and Roos-
evelt had gone so far as to dis-
cuss a division of the Balkans
whereby Yugoslavia and Greece
were to remain under British in-
fluence, with Bulgaria and Ro-
mania under Russian influence.
To this end, Stalin even gave
Churchil advice that the man to
work with in Yugoslavia was a
Croat leader named Tito, then an
upstart underground leader in the
(Copyright 1956 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Separate, But Equal?
By SOL PLAFKIN
Can segregated schools really be "separate and equal?"
It was with the above question in mind that this writer recently
visited a new Negro segregated school in the suburb of a large Florida
The school has only been open a year. It is a magnificent edifice,
constructed basically of white brick in a U-shape, and incorporating
a modest outdoor flower garden, a distinct contrast to the adjacent
neighborhood composed of shanties where Negro laborers and migrant
workers live. The architects, utilising the continual Southern sun-
shine, laid out the school's major hallways along the outdoor court of
the building. In this manner, the children could feel that they were
not "inside" the confines of the building all day long.
In building structures like this, Southern leaders are attempting
to prove that they can provide "separate and equal" facilities for Negro
are divided and torn. In
have been fighting vainly
Rebels are shot in the
Agreementon Bendix Laboratory
ENDIX AVIATION Corporation's establish-
ment of a weapons systems division adia-
cent to'North Campus is in the final stages
of ratification, with all concerned parties
reportedly well-satisfied with the outcome.
Bendix Aviation, University and Ann Arbor
City officials are awaiting only formal signing
of the proposal which will officially confirm
the building of a second large research-de-
A dispute which conceivably could have
arisen in the situation involving the City and
Bendix Aviation directly and the University
indirectly was circumvented by negotiations
between offiicals of the three concerns.
THE ONLY financial interest the University
now has in the location of Bendix Aviation
at North Campus consists of payment for
sanitary sewage and water faciulties which will
run through University property to the Bendix
Because the University will also benefit from
the extension of the City's facilities they have
agreed to pay the pro rata costs.
Payment of the pro rata expenses for the
facilities will be the University's only direct
connection with an otherwise strictly City-
Bendix-private realtor transaction.
THREE MONTHS AGO Bendix expressed
interest in a plot of land on North Campus.
Had that company decided to purchase land
from the University, instead of the privately-
owned 56 acres off of, but bordering North
Campus, a City-University dispute may have
But City, and University officials as well,
felt the best interest of all three concerns
would be best served by Bendix locating on the
land adjoining North Campus; and this deci-
sion, when approved by Bendix, completely
eliminated any possibility of University-City
In achieving a peaceful and satisfying result
on an important and tenuous issue, University
and City officials made a long stride toward
developing the North Campus area and cre-
ating amiable relations between Ann Arbor
and Campus officials.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Congratulations, Welcome, Tsk-Tsk
Residence Halls Guidance
IT WOULD appear that educators and ad-
ministrators are finally becoming fully cog-
nizant of the importance of housing to the
future of the University. We can assume that
the problem of where to put the student has
for some time been in the minds of those con-
nected with the University and certain of the
That this is now coming fully into the open
was indicated by action of the Board of Gover-
nors of the Residence Halls yesterday when
they instructed the student committee making
preliminary plans for the residence hall on
North Campus to submit a written report by
the next Board meeting so that work on this
new dormitory can proceed as rapidly as pos-
By their action the Board told the committee
to shake the lead that has consistently slowed
it since establishment last year. This is an or-
der that should not have been necessary as
it reflects poorly on student committees.
THE CONTINUAL housing crisis is a topic
we hope the Board will discuss at every op-
portunity. Such discussion is clearly needed
if any sort of solution is to be found.
Unfortunately, with the Board's crowded
agenda the discussion of future building plans
barely got off the ground at yesterday's meet-
ing. This is somewhat understandable since
the body meets regularly only once a month.
With a11 dnunresnect for the full schedule
and Thank You ,. .
ED. NOTE: The following letter
was received from the Democratic
nominee for President, Adlai Ste-
venson, in response to an editorial
(Oct. 30) by Daily reporter, Peter
Dear Mr. Eckstein,
I SHOULD have written you long
before this to thank you for
your letter and for that superb
editorial. I am not exagerating
when I say it was the finest pre-
sentation of the Democratic posi-
tion that I saw anywhere in the
I am, of course, profoundly
grateful to you for all your help
and encouragement and only re-
gret that I didn't do better by
you on Tuesday.
With warmest good wishes and
my thanks to you and your associ-
ation at the Michigan Daily for
the honor you did me, I am
-Adlai E. Stevenson
Cordial Invitation .. .
To the Editor:
ONCE again the Buckeyes and
Michigan will tangle this week-
ro the Editor:
JAMES ELSMAN'S editorial of
Nov. 11 seems to be typical of
the banal sloganeering that has
been plaguing the editorial col-
umns of the Daily recently. The
principal inanity is as follows:
"We will fight and die that our
survivors may live and be free."
It is quite clear that Mr. Elsman
has failed completely to consider
the consequences of an atomic
war, or any kind of large-scale,
modern war, for that-matter.
Let us assume Mr. Elsman's
war has taken place, and let us
assume the best possible set of
circumstances for the survivors.
Radiation poisoning would kill
many of the 10 million survivors.
Disease, lack of food, sanitary and
medical supplies would kill many
What would these "free and
live" survivors faced Total dis-
organizations with which no
amount of "Civil Defense" could
cope, anarchy, contaminated and
inadequate food, the end of our
technological civilization, hun-
ger, disease, and threat of easy,
violent, and premature death.
Consider, Mr. Elsman, what you
would be free to do under these
To the Editor:
REGARDING SGC's censure of
The Daily's front-page, elec-
tion-day editorial endorsing cer-
tain SGC candidates, you say in
your answering editorial that "a
governmental organization (SGC)
... is attempting to make a stab
a freedom of the press."
Freedom of the press is an im-
portant part of democracy. But
have you ever heard of "responsi-
bility" of the press?
You say that "no democratic
government is on good grounds
when it questions editorial free-
dom outside the limitations of
libel, slander, and good taste."
Your "good taste" in the matter is
exactly what is being questioned.
Had the editorial been printed
one or more days before the elec-
tions, probably nothing would
have been said about it. But to
have appeared as it did on the
morning of election day, worded
as it was, it seemed to be a man-
date to students to vote for the
candidates "approved" by The
It is this last-minute appear-
ance which is objectionable, not
the editorial stand or the editorial
school children. What better ar-
gument could the South offer to
the Supreme Court edict against
THE NEGRO principal of the
school, a comely woman in her
mid-thirties with an M.A. from
Columbia University, did not feel
that buildings alone could provide
a solution to the racial problem in
"I don't want equality only in
school buildings," she insisted,
"but in respect and dignity as a
"Certainly the county has given
us the best in facilities and ade-
quate classroom space for the
children. But that isn't enough.
We'll always be considered infer-
ior as long as we are segregated."
She pointed angrily across the
road from the school to a high
wire fence, beyond which lay a
group of new brick homes.
"What are they afraid of, those
whites?" she asked. "Do they have
to put up a fence to protect them-
selves from us? Aren't we also
* * .
SHE THEN SPOKE of the diffi-
culties encountered by her faculty
in working with the children.
"So many of our children," she
explained, "have had little life ex-
perience before they came to
school. Many come from migrant
families - crop followers -. who
can't read and don't even own a
radio. One of my teachers took
her sixth grade downtown last
week and found that many of the
pupils had never even seen an
When asked how a person with
her anti-segregation attitude ever
obtained a position as principal of
a segregated school, she smiled.
"I don't know exactly," she re-
plied. "I have been pretty out-
spoken at the meetings of the
county school board. I imagine
that my educational background
just qualified me for the job."
"HOWEVER," she insisted, "I
am unhappy with the present sit-
uation and the people on the school
board know it. They've told us to
,,i+ ti--ht and wait."
young sixth-grade male teacher
who had excellent rapport with his
* * *
ALTHOUGH MANY of the child-
ren were retarded, he did not treat
them in a condescending manner.
He spoke to them and instructed
them as if they were potentially
intelligent human beings-capable
of mature thinking and study.
After the tour the principal con-
cluded by stating that she was not
particularly interested in main-
taining her high position in this
"It is more important that I help
my own people develop a greater
feeling of self-respect than they
now have. And they cannot do this
in segregated schools which brand
them as being 'different,' no mat-
ter how beautiful and well-fur-
nished those buildings may be!"
The Daily Official Bulletin is an of-
ficial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility. No-
tices should be sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 3553 Administration
Building before 2 p.m. the day preced-
ing publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1956
VOL., LXVII, NO. 52
Thanksgiving Holiday. All offices and
service departments of the University
will be closed on Thanksgiving Day,
Nov. 22, end will resume operations on
Fri., Nov. 23. Heating Plant and emer-
gency maintenance operations will op-
erate on the regular holiday basis.
Regents Meeting: Fri., Dec. 14. Com-
munications for consideration at this
meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than Dec. 5.
Women's Swimming Pool -- Thanks-
giving Week-end Recreational Swim-