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November 07, 1956 - Image 6

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Michigan Daily, 1956-11-07

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When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Shemtr4tgatt Daily
Sixty-Seventh Year

He Was A Terrible Man, Comrade"

.. w-

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

American People
rMake Right Choice

rPHE AMERICAN PEOPLE made a choice
yesterday and we think they made the right
one. Although we expressed some reservation
about the record of Mr. Eisenhower, he was our
candidate and we think he commands greater
respect and is more capable of leading the
nation for the next four years than his oppon-
ent would have been.
The next four years should bring a continu-
ation of sound domestic government. Despite
criticisms from politicians, Mr. Eisenhower has
drawn competent and capable personnel into
key positions within the federal government.
The President's realistic outlook on matters
of national defense is assuring, especially in
light of the revival of the 19th century power
politics in the Near East. Unpleasant as it may
be, tough-mindedness is essential to the security
of the nation today.

The greatest problems, however, that the
President will face during these coming years
will not be at home but abroad. To say that
these are times of trouble is an understate-
ment. The conflagrations in the Middle East
and Eastern Europe are but surface explosions
of the complex issues boiling underneath.
IF WE ARE to have the peace and prosperity
the platform on which the Republicans were
voted in, Mr. Eisenhower and his team must
center the attention on the core of the ques-
tions of the day rather than merely smoothing
overfsuperficial manifestations.
The burdens of the next four years will not
be light. With Mr. Eisenhower at the helm,
they will be productive and progressive ones.
Editorial Director

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X '

the Loyal Opposition

Britain, France Show
Restraint in E pt
Associated Press News Analyst
BRITAIN and France having brought the world to somber thoughts
of a major war, appeared last night to be adopting some restraint
in Egypt.
Their decision to stop shooting-unless attacked-suggested they

BOTH DEMOCRATS and Republicans can
join today in wishing President Dwight D.
Eisenhower good luck and good health during
his second Administration.
The coming four years, especially if the past
few weeks have been any indication, promise
to be filled with unprecedented peril and oppor-
tunity. They will require mental and physical
exertion on the part of our nation's leaders
of a sort to which the first Eisenhower Admin-
istration did not prove itself adequate. We can
only hope that the second Eisenhower Admin-
istration, if not providing bold leadership for
a "New America," will at least take this oppor-
tunity for a "New Look" at our foreign and
domestic problems.
With the cbming of the new Administration,
many Cabinet resignations will be tendered,
several of these should be accepted. Many new

programs of action will and have been sug-
gested, and many of these should be accepted.
WE WOULD especially recommend a re-
examination - now that they have lost
some of their political flavor - of Adlai
Stevenson's suggestion for a moratorium on
hydrogen bomb tests and closer attention to
the problems of the aged, of education, and
those brought about by the Supreme Court's
decision on the schools.
And to Gov. Stevenson, we would offer first
our congratulations on his becoming a grand-
father, and second our thanks for bringing
a new degree of rationality to American politics,
and third our prayer that he will continue
to actively serve the nation as wise counselor
and leader of the loyal opposition.

mdse-n LW4W.rO1rrta.
Hnary nMteiddle East

might not insist on occupying the
entire canal zone in the face of
world-wide censure.
They were frank to say that they
were considering seriously Rus-
sia's warning that she would not
stand idly by while they continued
military operations.
Israel, too, announced her read-
iness for a cease-fire in Egypt.
They all know that if Russia
gets into the area they may never
get her out.
e *a
BUT in the meantime, the rum-
bling of Arab war machines, slow
to get going in Egypt's behalf, be-
gan to be heard.
And there was no tellingvheth-
er Russia intended to join them.
The Russian statement that she
was "determined" to use force to
restore quiet was cryptical. Some
observers thought she meant just
what she said, others that she
meant a United Nations operation.
Some thought she was merely
bluffing, knowing that interven-
tion could produce atomic war, and
that nobody's interest in the Mid-
dle East is worth that.
Russia, however, took a view
expressed privately by some offi-
cials in Washington-that Britain
and France are not working to-
ward limited objectives in Egypt,
such as internationalization of the
Suez Canal, but also are working
toward a return to power through-
out the Middle East.
The growing fear, widely ex-
pressed in London as well as else-
where, that the Anglo-French ac-
tions could easily produce World
War III, may have had its effect.
The decision by Switzerlandthat
the situation is so serious as to
require a new summit conference
on her neutral ground is signifi-
It may be that Britain and
France did not realize how strong
American reaction would be
against them.
IT MAY be that they consider
their beachheads in Egypt to be
sufficient to cause-the downfall of
Egypt's Nasser and produce a Suez
solution to their liking.
It may be that Israel will not
insist on going into Jordan as ex-
pected, now that the situation has
become so critical.
And it may be that the situa-
tion already has gbne too far.
a tough fight in the forthcom-
ing United Nations General As-
sembly if, as seems inevitable, we
continue to resist the seating of
Red China. At the moment, the
chances are that we shall suc-'
ceed once again in getting the is-
sue postponed. But the vote may
be much too close for Washing-
ton's comfort; and the price of
the fight, in terms of 'arms
twisted, bargains struck, and
promises made, will be high.
-The Reporter

Israeli Attack Justif1ied

WHY has the state of Israel, which has neith-
er by word nor deed ever indicated that it
wants a Mid-East empire, suddenly attacked
Egypt? The following quotes are some of many
similar ones offering an explanation:
"We do not choose to comply with the Gen-
eral Assembly's resolution on Palestine (es-
tablishing the Jewish state in Palestine," Dr.
Mahmoud Fawzi, Egyptian Foreign Minister,
November 29, 1947.
"In spite of the General Armistice signed at
Rhodes two and one half years ago, my coun-
try still remains at war with Israel." Dr. Mah.
moud Fawzi, before the UN, August 15, 1951.
"Peace between us and the Jews is impos-
sible. As far as we are concerned, it is a mat-
ter of life and death, not a dispute over fron-
tiers or interests. Nor is it a difference over
viewpoints which require mediation for settle-
ment ... The Middle East cannot hold both
of us. It is either we or they . . . there is no
other solution . . . steel and bullets will realize
our objectives." Cairo State-controlled radio,
Jan. 12, 1956.
"I am dispatching to the Foreign Minister
of Egypt a protest against the action of the
fedayeen .. . I consider that if Egypt has or-
dered these fedayeen raids, she has now put
herself into the position of an aggressor." Gen-
eral E.L.M. Burns, Chief of the United Nations
Truce Supervisory Organization, 'April 8, 1956.
"There is no reason why the faithful feda-
yeen, hating their enemies, should not pene-
trate into Israel and transform the lives of
its citizens into a hell. Yes, brother and sister
Arabsl The fedayeen will be victorious because
their motives are holy and their aims the
highest. They will be victorious because they
are more diligent in death than is Israel in
life." Saut El-Arab, Egyptian Government con-
trolled Radio Service, April 11, 1956.
"The fedayeen, which started as a small force
of 1000 men last year is today great in number
and training and equipment. I believe in the
strength, ability and loyalty and courage of
this army." Gamal Abdul Nasser, May 28, 1956.
"The Egyptian nationalization of the Suez
Editorial Stafff
Editorial Director City Editor
GAIL GOLDSTEIN...............Personnel Director
ERNEST THEODOSSIN..............Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK .....Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN THOMAS.................Features Editor
DAVID GREY.............. .........Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER..........Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN HEILPERN .........Associate Sports Editor
VIRGINIA ROBERTSON............ Women's Editor
JANE FOWLER............Associate Women's Editor
ARLINE LEWIS..............Women's Feature Editor
JOHN HIRTZEL ................. Chief Photographer
Business Staff
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN.....Associate Business Manager
WXTTT.TA 1' PUTTCC', A+;.e-, ,.A- -- -

Canal is another step toward the liberation of
Palestine . . . Today the Suez Canal and to-
morrow Palestine." Abdul Aziz E-Di, Egyptian
Charge D'Affairs in Jordan, August 2, 1956.
"Now that the hour is approaching, I and
members of the Revolutionary council will be
in the front lines of battle. In this battle, our
enemies will be convinced of their weakness
and victory will be yours and, that of all the
Arab states." Major General Salah Salem of
Egypt in an address to troops at Gaza.
IF CANADA and Mexico had an alliance
against the U.S.; if they were blockading the
East Coast and preventing U.S. ships from us-
ing the Panama Canal; if Canada was chipping
away at Michigan, New York and Maine; if it
announced its intentions to invade the U.S. as
U.S.; if they were blockading the East Coast
and preventing U.S. ships from using the Pan-
ama Canal; if Canada was chipping away at
Michigan, New York and Maine; if it an-
nounced its intentions to invade the U.S. as
soon as it could; if it was receiving arms from
Russia, threatening to throw the balance of
power against the U.S.; if its allies found them-
selves busy with internal troubles and our al-
lies indicated they would help us in a preven-
tive war against Canada, what would the U.S.
This, of course, will never happen, but it
serves to illustrate what lies behind the Israeli
decision to attack Egypt.
On casual observation, the Israeli invasion
of the Sinai Peninsula looks like aggression
and strong legal arguments can be leveled
against it.
But where is any sense of morality? In the
light of Egyptian actions and intentions the
Nasser Government deserves the actions now
being leveled against it.
Walter Lippmann has termed Nasser "the
typical aggressor-dictator who will not gtop
until he is stopped." General Nasser himself
has written that he hopes to establish "an
Empire stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to
the Persian Gulf."
JF NASSER follows the path of imperialist
dictators of the past, the world will some
day find it necessary to throw him out by
force. It is best that the U.S. and the UN al-
low Britain, France, and Israel to do it now.
Waiting only puts it off to a time when more
damage will have been done and the task will
have become far more difficult.
New Books at the Library
Toynbee, Arnold - An Historian's approach
to Religion - N.Y., Oxford University press,
. Tracy, Honor -- The Straight and Narrow
Path - N.Y., Random 1956.
Tuchman, Barbara - Bible and Sword -
N.Y., N.Y., Univ. press, 1956.
Wendt, Herbert - In Search of Adam -
Boston, Houghton, Mifflin, 1956.
Wood, Alan and Mary - Islands in Danger

THE drama in Hungary is tra-
gic not only in the sense that
it is a bitter sorrow to see so brave
a people crushed; it is tragic also
in tfie sense that the outcome has
been fatally ordained since the
Nagy government lost control of
the rebellion.
There are, we have every rea-
son to believe, two stages in the
liberation of a satellite. The first
stage is Titoism or national lib-
erty, which is not anti-Communist
and which remains within the So-
viet sphere of military and politi-
cal influence. The second stage is
complete liberty at home and
abroad. No country which has
once been within the Soviet orbit.
- not even Yugoslavia - has
ever reached the second stage.
The Hungarian tragedy is that
the rebellion tried to bypass the
first stage, Titoism, and in doing
that, it challenged the whole Rus-
sian position in Eastern Europe. In
the past ten days it has been all
too evident that if the Hungarian
rebellion could not be stabilized
about where Gomulka has stabil-
ized the Polish rebellion, it was
running into terrible danger.
* * *
SHORTLY before the Red army
struck, on Tuesday, Oct. 30, the
Soviet government made the state-

ment which so impressed Presi-
dent Eisenhower. It outlined a
new conception of Eastern Europe
-that of a "commonwealth of so-
cialist states." It was in essence
a declaration that the Soviet
Union would settle for Titoism.
By Sunday, Nov. 4, the Red army
had crushed the Hungarian re-
The question is whether or not
Russian action on Sunday can-
celled the Tuesday declaration of
Soviet policy. On the answer to
that question may depend the fate
of Poland, and the prospect else-
where in the Soviet orbit. The
answer will show whether within
the Soviet government there has
now been a return to Stalinism,
or whetheraTitoism, but notmore
than Titoism, is the Soviet policy.
WHEN WE turn to the Middle
East, we find ourselves in the pre-
liminary and exploratory phases of
a new policy. We have not pre-
vented the British, French and Is-
raeli intervention, nor have we
been able to stop it, and we have
not, as our action in the United
Nations implied that we would,
been able to restore the status
quo ante. A new policy cannot now
be adopted until the Anglo-French
military operation is concluded
and its results known and ap-

In our planning at this moment
we have to assume that the Brit-
ish and French will reach their
military objectives and that or-
ganized Egyptian resistance will
have ceased. It is at this point,
but only at this point when there
is in fact a cease fire, that a
United Nations police force could
take over. The United Nations
force could not intervene in the
battle which is now being fought,
and there is no reason to think
that Britain and France will break
off the battle in the middle.
It is of vital importance to the
world that Britain and France
should not involve themselves in
an indefinite occupation of the
canal. It is in avoiding such an'oc-
cupation that a U.N. force to po-
lice the armistice may prove to
be very useful.
* * *
IT IS difficult to see into the
future as long as the outcome of
the military operations is not
known. But it would appear that
if the operations succeed, the
grand strategical result will be to
contain Egyptian military power
west of the canal, and thus to
cut off the Egyptian thrust for
the domination of the Arab states
of the Middle East.
1956 New York Herald Tribune Inc.

The Daily Official Bulletin is an of.
ficial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility. No-
tices should be sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 3553 Administration
Building before 2 p.m. the das preced-
ing publication.
General Notices
Freshmen and Transfer Students who
have been notified by the Admissions
Office of an appointment with their
former high school principal or college
dean are reminded to be punctual for
their appointments Thurs., Nov. 8,
Meeting of all Senior Men interested
in finding out about the Danforth
Foundation Fellowships (for graduate
study toward careers in college teach-
ing in any subject matter field by men
with religious convictions) in Room 3-A
of the Michigan Union, Thurs., Nov. 8,
at 4:00 p.m. Further information may
be obtained from Prof. Robert Blood,
5622 Haven Hall
Department of Journalism Notice:
The "Bulletin Newspaper" on the first
floor entrance to Haven and Mason
Halls, which is made up from selected
Reuters and Associated Press wire ser-
vices and from Associated Press Photo-
f Jx, is provided by the Department
of Journalism as a public service
through the co-operation of students
in Journalism working under the di-
rection of Professors James MacDon-
ad and Dean Baker. During the cur-
rent world shaking events editors of
the Bulletin Newspaper will post as
speedily Its possible all important wire
reports from the nation and the world.
Late Permission: All women students
who attended the play at Lydia Men-
delssohn on Oct. 30 and 31 had lat
permission until 11:05 p.m.
Late Jermission: All women students
who attended the concert on Mon.,
Nov. 5, had late permission until 11:05
7:30 p.m.
Michigan Union
Agenda Student Government Council
Nov. 7, 1956
Minutes of the previous meeting.
Officers reports,
Activities: Nov. 9, Pep Rally.
Central Pep Rally - Committee report
-Lou Susman,
National and International: U.N. Week.
International Student Relations Sem-
Campus Affairs-Progress report.
Coordinating and Counseling: Metal-
lurgical Society.
Education and Social Welfare: Aca-
demic Counseling.
Public Relations: Student Govrnment
Review. Student Forum./
Old Business:
New - Business: Thanksgiving football
games: motion.
Members and constituents time.
Next Meeting: Nov. 16 4 p.m. Union.
National Science Foundation an.
nounces senior postdoctoral fellowships
in science, to provide an opportunity
for individuals several years past the
doctoral degree to supplement their
training. Fellowshipswill be awarded
in the mathematical, physical, medical,
biological, engineering, and other sci-
ences, including anthropology, psycho-
logy (other than clinical), geography
certain interdisciplinary fields, and
fields of convergence between the na-
tural and social sciences. Fellowships
available to any citizen of the United
States who has demonstrated ability
and special aptitude for advanced
training and productive scholarship
in the sciences and who, at the time
of application, has held a doctoral de-
gree in one of the fields of basic sci..
ence for a minimum of five years, or
who has had the equivalent in re-
search experience and training. Those
holding an M.D., D.D.S., or D.V.M. de-
gree for at least five years and who
desire further training for a career in
research will also be eligible. Stipend
based on the Fellow's normal salary as
of the time he makes application for
the award. No award less than $4000 or
more than $10,000 per annum. Allow-
ances for travel, tuition, fees, unusual

research expenses & special equipment
in an amount not to exceed $2000.
Tenure will normally be either an aca-
demic year of nine months.or a calen-
dar ye,%r of twelve months. The dead-
line is Jan. 14, 1957. Applications and
information may be obtained from the
Division of Scientific Personnel and
Education, National Science Founda-
tion, Washington 25, D. C.
Secon d Campus Public Lecture by
Leland Stowe, former foreign corre-
spondent and now prof. of journalism.
Prof. Stowe opened to the campus pub-
lic his lecture in Journalism '230, on
Egypt, acnd will now open a second lec-
ture, "Russia's Betrayal and Armed
Conquest of Hungary: Its Causes and
Consequences." Thurs., Nov. 8, 11 a.m.
Aud. D, Angell Hall, A third lecture,
title to be announced, will be offered
Thurs., Nov. 15 at 11:00 a.m.
University Lecture sponsored by the
Department of Botany. Prof. Robert
Muir, State University of Iowa, will
speak on "Cell Elongation in Plants" at










UJkranians, Indians, Israelis Comment

To the Editor:
Ukranian Protest . .
T HE General Assembly of the
Ukranian Students Club of the
University of Michigan hereby
registers its unanimous and reso-
lute protest against the permission
of the delegation of communist
observers of the Russian dictator-
ial regime, to visit the USA, es-
pecially the University of Michi-
gan, for the proposed purpose to
observe the National Election.
Among the members of the
Ukranian Students Club are those
who, up to the end of the Second
World War, were under the Soviet
regime and as eye-witnesses veri-
fy and strengthen the well-known
facts about the communist bandit-
ism, rapacity, ungodliness, bru-
tality, murders and all other dia-
bolic atrocities which are prac-
ticed within the framework of
governmental legality for the pur-
pose of poisoning the whole world
with the communist scourge.
These editors of "Isvestia" and
"Pravda" did not visit the thous-
ands of University of Michigan
students and staff to admit that
their "superiority" of atomic
knowledge is largely due to the ef-
fort of American scientists, whose
secrets were stolen by communist
traitors; but to further their es-
pionage among American students
and to gain the moral and mental
strength of these students.
The latest developments in the

in the Soviet Union, especially the
45 million Ukranians who contin-
ually, for 38 years, have been
righting for their freedom and in-
dependence, will bring about
eventually the downfall of the
Communist Empire. To hold onto
its rule, most heinous medieval
tortures have been revived by Mos-
cow 'to destroy the national spirit
of Ukraine, but to this day Russia
has not been able to rid herself
of the Ukranian resistance. A
strong underground movement,
the Ukranian Insurgent Army,
striving for liberation and nation-
al independence of Ukraine is still
in existence today. This move-
ment is the ally of the West in re-
sisting Moscow's aggression.
Free elections in the USA do
not interest the communist edi-
tors because free elections do not
and cannot exist in the countries
dominated by Russian communist
imperialism. Yet, these same men
claim they came to Ann Arbor to
observe them. These men are ma-
licious hypocrites and are not to
be trusted.
We vigorously protest against
their visit to the USA and espe-
cially against their visit to Ann Ar-
bor. We must be mindful of the
Roman proverb: "Timeo Damaos
et dona ferrentes" - and urge all
University of Michigan affiliates
not to be deceived by these people.
-Victor Halycz,
--Ukranian Students Club

reading the interview is one of
surprise since he, being a Paki-
stani, has not said a word about
his own country. In these days
when the need to promote inter-
national and mutual understand-
ing is imperative, Khan would
have been better advised to give
some insight into Pakistani affairs
to his American readers in order
to promote better Pakistani-
American relations. If he did not
have anything meritorious or
commendable to say about his own
country, it is poor taste to paint
a grossly distorted picture about
India to his American readers who
are none too familiar with devel-
opments taking place there.
Is it his benevolent solicitude for
the welfare of Inida that made
him give this "warning"? Or does
he take sadistic delight in malign-
ing India? Anyway Khan's state-
ments reflect, to say the least,
very poor taste and judgement in-
Before concluding may I sug-
gest to Khan not to overlook the
beam in Pakistan's eyes before
seeing the mote in India's?
-A. T. Eapen, Grad. (India)
Near Eastern Friends,. ..
To the Editor:
HOW does it feel to have your
homeland invaded, or your
home country commit itself to
warlike actions?
Watch the students listening to
the newscasts on the Internation-

the American people toward those
whose homelands are invaded and
whose countries involve them in
war. When these are members of
our Michigan family the expres-
sion of our sympathetic under-
standinpg is an individual responsi-
blity for each of us. Let your Near
Eastern friend know that you
-James M. Davis,
UN Charter Meeting ...
To the Editor:
The group of Israeli students
in Ann Arbor were surprised that
none of them had been informed
directly that their government
was, in a way, to be challenged.
An Israeli student speaking on
that occasion would fit well in
the row of speakers from France
and the United Kingdom.
Our group unanimously agreed
to the spirit of justice-seeking and
peace-making behind which was
the motive of all participants.
Having been subjected for years
to unofficial back newspaper col-
umn infiltrators raids we hope the
total cease-fire will eventually be
accepted by enlisted as well as
misled civilians.
--Michael Bentwich
Ann Arbor Israeli Club
To the Editor:
We must confess we were sur-
prised to read Mr. Khan's state-




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