See Page 4
'Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXVU, No.39
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1956
II EIGHT PAGES
Hun gary Drops From
arsaw Pact, Turns to UN
Enter from East
BUDAPEST (A)-Hungary pulled
out of the Soviet-dominated War-
saw Pact yesterday and put itself
under the protection of the United
Premier Imre Nagy announced
a policy of neutrality and imme-
diately protested to M o s c o w
against movement of new Soviet
troops into Hungary. He quickly
told the UN about the new Soviet
troop movements and set up a new
defense command for Budapest.
A Hungarian army source yes-
terday estimated that more than
r two Russian divisions have crossed
the frontier from the SovietUnion
into Hungary in the last 24 hours.
These troop movements were the
subject of a protest by the Hun-
garian government to Moscow yes-
terday in a note to the Soviet
Embassy here. The government
protested emphatically and de-
manded that the troops be with-
drawn. The Hungarian radio also
announced that Russia had seized
all Hungarian airfields for their
Nagy announced he would ask
the Big Four and the UN to guar-
antee Hungary's new policy of
neutrality outside any bloc.
Nagy summoned Soviet Ambas-
sador Yuri V. Andropov to his of-
fice in the battle-scarred Parlia-
ment Building to tell him of Hun-
gary's new course.
Hungarian military sources re-
ported two Russian tank divisions
were moving into Hungary from
the north and east.
Andropov, it was reported, told
Nagy these movements involved
only regrouping of forces and thee
was no intention of using them to
frustrate the rebellion which has
shaken Hungary since Oct, 23.
Announced at Conference
The protest and an appeal to the
UN for discussion of Hungary's
position at the current emergency
session of the Assembly session
were announced at a new confer-
ence by 'Minister of State Geza
Losonozy after a long Cabinet
Nagy has cabled Dag Hammar-
skjold, UN secretary general, that
Hungary intends to anchor its
foreign policy in a neutrality sim-
ilar to that adopted by Austria.
Hungary will ask the Big Four to
guarantee this neutrality.
Nagy advised the Soviet ambas-
sador that Hungary was withdraw-
ing from the Warsaw Pact, the
nine-nation North Atlantic Treaty
Organization-type organization set
up by Moscow for Eastern Europe.
Nagy apparently abandoned earlier
announced plans to "negotiate"
this withdrawal with Moscow.
St o Bla e,
By ROSE PERLBERG
IN UN ASSEMBLY:
UNITED NATIONS (M)-United States Secretary of State John
Foster Dulles appeared before the Assembly yesterday after Egypt
demanded the Assembly condemn what Egypt called the "aggression"
of Britain, France and Israel against Egypt and Britain had denied
it was committing aggression. Britain called the British-French moves
in Egypt a "police action."
The high points of the United States resolution were the same
as those contained in a resolution vetoed by Britain and France
Tuesday in a split with the United States.
British, French Attacks
Destroy Egyptian Aircraft;
Dulles, who said he spoke wi
position had been reconsidered ar
By TAMMY MORRISON
Joint Judiciary Council has lev-
ied $1,795 in driving fines for
driving regulations violations so
far this semester.
According to Chairman Mike
McNerney, '57L, violations fall into
three general categories: direct
violations, parking violations and
Fines for illegal parking amount
to $950. There have been 95 cases
of unauthorized parking in re-
stricted University lots. Parking
cases are being handled by letter,
with an automatic fine of $10.
There have been a few second-
offense parking violations. As yet,
Joint Judic has not determined
the amount of second violation
fines. McNerney said there was a
possibility of permit loss in third
D i r e c t violation fines have
reached a total of $770. Joint Judic
has heard 17 cases of direct viola-
tions, which involve failure to
register, misuse of special permits,
driving without authorization, and
unauthorized borrowing and lend-
ing of registered automobiles.
In all cases where the initial fine
was less than $50, there were ex-
tenuating circumstances, such as
inability to purchase insurance or
mixup over title transfer.
In some cases of severe financial
hardship, the full $50 has been
levied, but part of the fine has been
suspended. In the event of second
violations, the suspended portion
of the original fine will be re-
The usual fine for direct viola-
tion of new University driving reg-
ulations is $50. Fines levied for
these offenses have so far aver-
There have been 12 cases of im-
proper display of decals. Joint
Judic has levied a $5 fine in each
case, bringing the total to $60. Im-
proper decal display included vio-
lators who neglected to display
their decals, although their cars
were registered and also violators
who applied decals with Scotch
Tape or marking tape.
Displaying decals with tape, is
foolish, McNerney said, because
the decal can easily be stolen.
Moreover, he added, this practice
makes it easier for decals to be
passed from car to car.
Although Joint Judic has been
lenient with students who neglect-
ed to display decals through negli-
gence up to now, McNerney said
fines for this offense will probably
go up in the future, since drivers
have now had more than a month
to display their decals.
Optimistic about response to the
new regulations, McNerney said,
"The figures indicate that they are
not being taken lightly, by -Joint
Judic or anyone else."
Up. For Sale
The November issue of "Plow-
boy," Gargoyle's satire on a well-
known so-called men's entertain-
ment maazine will h esold wh.
th a "heavy heart" said the U.S.
nd revaluated on the highest level
4in Washington and even so the
United States still maintained its
In grave tones, Dulles said the
"police action" might develop into
World War III. He said the dele-
gates owed a duty to posterity to
see this fire would not spread
and that a just settlement could
Egypt's delegate, Omar Loutfi,
was the first speaker when the
Assembly got down to business.
He told of the attack on Egypt and
cried "condemn the aggressors -
put an end to the aggression."
Dulles had been slated to speak
after Loutfi but he was delayed;
by a traffic jam and bad flying
weather and the debate, went
ahead with delegates of Ceylon
and Nationalist China calling for
an immediate halt to the fighing-
Britain quickly rejected the Dul-,
les resolution. A British spokes-
man told newsmen that Britain
believed the resolution would not
meet the situation. He said it
would leave the Middle East in the
same troubled state which has
led to the grave situation.
Dulles said the United States
finds itself unable to agree with
three nations with whom it has
ties of deep friendship and two
of whom constitute "our oldest,
most trusted and reliable allies."
He reviewed what he called the
"long and sad" history of the case
in the Middle East. He said the
United States had reluctantly
come to the conclusion that past
provocations, serious as they have
been, "could not justify the resort
to armed force which has occurred
on the last two or three days and
is going on tonight."
Harold Neilson, Washtenaw
County Juvenile Home director,
was innocent of negligence in the
Lillard suicide, county Probate
Judge John Conlin said yesterday.
Neilson was at the home when
James Lillard, 15-year-old in-
mate, committed suicide.
Conlin said "I cannot see where
Neilson was negligent in any way.
Every attempt was made to pre-
vent the boy from harming him-
self, but there was no. cause to be-
lieve he was going to hang him-
Conlin also denied rumors
which stated he was considering
Cairo Hints Withdrawal of FQrces;
Israel Claims Heavy Egyptian Loss
LONDON (Friday) (A-British and French warplanes smashing
steadily at nine Egyptian airfields are believed to have destroyed or
damaged 90 aircraft on'the ground.
This announcement came early this morning from the British
The communique did not mention any troop landings.
The Egyptian government announced enemy air action had closed
the Suez Canal.
The Egyptian government also seized all British and French prop.
erty in Egypt. Among these are the Anglo-Egyptian oil field, a sub-
sidiary of British Shell; and they
DISPUTE AREA-Egypt claimed British-French air attacks Wednesday hit Cairo (1), Alexandria (2),
Port Said (3), Ismailia (4) and the city of Suez (5), but Britain denies bombing Cairo. In the Gaza
strip area (A), an Israeli attack was aimed at El Arish on the Mediterranean shore, apparently de-
signed to cut off Egypt from the strip. Continued fighting was reported in Sinai peninsula (B) with
Israel claiming paratroops only 10 miles from the Suez Canal. (AP Wirephoto Iap)
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
fourth in a series of articles of com-
ment by faculty members on cur-
rent election issues. Today's article
discusses the issue of civil rights.)
By EDWARD GERULDSEN
There is wide disagreement
among several professors in, the
political science and sociology de-
partments about whether or not
there has been any notable prog-
ress made in the field of civil
rights in the last four years.
They all agree, however, the
credit for any advancement made
belongs not to the administration
or the politicians, but to the Su-
Prof. Robert Blood of the so-
ciology department maintains
there has been "tremendous prog-
ress in the past few years." Not-
able advances have been made, he
said, especially in the matter of
desegregation, in the armed forces
and in public schools in the South.
Prof. Frank Grace of the poli-
tical science department, however,
See BLOOD, Page 2
WAR AND POLITICS:
Midd le-Eastern Policy
Causes Candidate Clash
Dwight D. Eisenhower said last
night that despite "the strident
voices of those few who seem to be
seeking to turn world events to
political profit" he is proud of his
administration's stand on Hungary
and the Middle East.
In a speech which he called "my
final formal address of this polit-
ical campaign," President Eisen-
hower made no mention of Adlai
Stevenson by name.
But he pictured his Democratic
opponent's major campaign propo-
sals as "a design for disaster."
The President said that in spite
of United States' differences with
Britain and France over the Suez,
the Big Three Western alliance
"will grow to new and greater
President Eisenhower's talk be-
fore a Philadeplhia rally had been
billed as one in which he would
reply to specific criticism of his
administration by Stevenson. In-
stead it largely followed the same
carefully worded conciliatory pat-
tern of his 15-minute "nonpoliti-
cal" radio-television address to the
nation from Washington Wednes-
Aides indicated President Eis-
enhower vetoed suggestions that
he reply point by point to Steven-i
son on the ground that the situa-
tion abroad was too delicate.'
Particularly, they said, in view]
of such fast-breaking develop-
ments as reports that Russia was
sending troops into Hungary and
the overwhelming vote of the
United Nations General Assembly
'to consider the cease-fire resolu-
tion on the Middle East which
Britain and France vetoed in the
UN Security Council.
Of IHC Paper
Inter-House Council yesterday
approved the establishment of an
The paper will carry news and
features about the Men's Resi-
BUFFALO, ,N. Y. (AP)-Adlai E.
Stevenson last night told the na-
tion President Eisenhower's for-
eign policy has "failed."
As a result, he- said, the Soviet
Union has been handed "two great
"Our Middle Eastern policy,"
Stevenson said in a nationwide
television and radio address, "is
at an absolute dead end."
According to Stevenson, these
are the victories scored by the So-
"The first Communist victory is
the establishment in the Middle
East of the Russian influence
which the czars sought in vain for
centuries and which Communists
have achieved in a few months.
"The second Communist victory
is the breakdown of the Western
alliance. This has been a' supreme
objective of Soviet policy since the
end of the second World War."
This was Stevenson's answer to
the President's address Wednes-
day night, an address in which
President Eisenhower said:
No U.S. Involvement
"In the circumstances I have
described there will be no United
States involvement in the present
Stevenson said he had three
points to make in his reply:
"The first is that this series of
failures could have been averted
-that they were in great part the
result of ill-considered and mis-
taken policies of this administra-
"The second is that this admin-
istration not only made mistake
after mistake in its Middle East-
ern policy but has withheld the
consequences from the American
"The third is that there are
many things which might have
been done in the last year to avert
was in the Middle East."
Stevenson said the Middle East
is one of the world's most coveted
areas, with three-quarters of the
world's known oil reserves.
French-owned Societe Egyptienne
Israel claimed capture of the
Sinai Peninsula last night, after a
An official 'spokesman for Is-
rael's government and army said
a general collapse of Egyptian
forces was in progress throughout
the peninsula-that part of Egypt
east of the Suez Canal.
He said an Egyptian force of
about 20,000 had been committed
to defense of the peninsula.
As the spokesman pictured the
situation, the survivors were try-
ing to extricate themselves and
escape westward, in the direction
of Port Said and Ismailia.
Without supplying the figures,
the spokesman said Egypt's losses
were heavy and many prisoners
had been taken.
There was a hint ii Cairo broad-
casts that Egypt was withdrawing
forces from the Sinai Peninsula
in order to defend the Nile Delta
and control the area adjacent to
the canal. Whether this actually
was the case, remained to be de-
The Sinai Peninsula, a desert
area with few settlements, is 150
miles wide at the Mediterranean
end, and 230 miles long., To its
east are the Gulf of Aqaba, a Red
Sea waterway arm for both Israel
Israeli forces invaded the pen-'
insula Monday, saying they i'n-
tended to clean out bases of Egyp-
tian commandos who have raided
Biggest Tank Battle
The Israeli spokesman said the
biggest tank battle in the cam-
paign took place yesterday.
On the Gaza front Israel re-
ported that a mechanized and ar-
mored task force had reached the
outskirts of El'Arish. This is a
coastal town just outside the Gaza1
Strip, the tongue of Egyptian-held
land that cuts a part of Israel off
from the Mediterranean.
Earlier, Israeli forces claimed
the capture of Rafa, just inside the
southern end of the Gaza Strip.
The announced capture of Rafa
indicated the Israelis may have
cut off the special Gaza Strip
army of Palestine, trained and led.
by Egyptian officers.
Has New Rules
New ground rules will govern
current S t u d e n t Government
Of Maj ority
LONDON (A)-Prime Minister
Eden's big Conservative majority
overwhelmed angry, shouting La-
borites and gave Eden four votes
of confidence last night in the mil-
itary assault on Egypt.
But as the votes' were counted
in Parliament a crowd of several
hundred demonstrated outside the
House of Commons with cries of:
"We want peace!"
"Stop the war!"
Scores of mounted police kept
order. Five demonstrators were
Eden called the British-French
expedition a police action.
Laborite Bessie Braddock called
the Conservatives "a band of
Others said Eden has shamed
and dishonored the c o u n t r y.
strained the British-American alli-
ance and violated the Charter of
the United Nations.
Debate in both Commons and
the House of Lords reflected deep
differences in the country over the
wisdom of the British-French mili-
Protest demonstrations by uni-
versity students and by labor were
reported from cities across the
"You best. avoid great wars by
taking physical action to stop
small wars," Eden told Commons
in defense of his policy.
The House first voted 324-255
against a Labor censure motion.
Then a government-sponsored
amendment to the motion was car-
ried by 323-255. Finally, the motion
as amended to show only support
for the government was approved
"A realignment of 'Russian for-
eign policy" was cited by Prof. N.
Marbury Efimenco of the political
science department as an indirect
cause of the ;current uprisings in
Prof. Efimenco, addressing the
newly-formed Political Issues Club
last night at the Union, described
Russia's new foreign policy as
featuring lessening of tensions and
n, vn n irr"c+1 -c,.,.
Prof. Leland Stowe of the Jour-;
nalism department yesterday
blamed violent uprising in the
Middle East on "inept and self-
contradictory" American foreign,
"For over two years, the United3
States policy has been full of
blunders and mistakes," the for-
war correspondent and pulitzer
prize winner told students and'
faculty members packed into ans
Angell Hall classroom.
The journalist described the;
"inability of Dulles to learn the ,
art of consultation" as basic to
our failures in foreign policy over
the past years. He said that the
Secretary o0: State repeatedly re-
fused to accept the advice of ex-
perts in formulating policies, and
his constant change of stand be-
wildered our allies.
To illustrate, he described sev-
eral Dulles-instructed U.S. ac-1
tions that have contributed toi