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October 31, 1956 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1956-10-31

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04r mtrhtgan Batty
Sixty-Seventh Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: VERNON NAHRGANG
Israeli Move Toward Suez
Reflected By Surprise, Concern,
THE ISRAELI attack on Egypt has struck a Does Israel believe that the sympathies of
note of surprise and great concern in many the United States would offset our pledge to aid
world capitals. Reports coming out of Wash- the victim of aggression? The Jewish state
ington, Paris and London are dismayed with must have considered this question before
the "audacity" of the Israeli army lunging attacking. Also entering into the decision
across Egypt's Sinai Desert in the advance on to attack is the present animosity between
the Suez Canal. France and Britain and the Egyptian nation
Second only to the note of surprise was the caused by the canal dispute, the sponsorship
recognition of the complexity of the situation of the Jewish state by the U.S. and Great
brought about by the Israeli move. Britain in the UN, and the British alliance with
Jordan.
Israel was created in May, 1948, over the Also to be noted is the fact that Soviet Russia
objections of the Arab states. Hostility between is busy quelling riots and disturbances in her
the two can be traced back to century long satellites. Trouble in Hungary and Poland may
cultural and religious differences, which have discourage Russia from getting involved in the
increased since the creation of the Jewish Middle East. Added to this is the present unrest
state. in Jordan and the disagreement between Iraq
That Israel is the aggressor in this action and Egypt.
is a point which must be considered. Assuming However, the possibility of an array of the
that marching into the territory of another great powers through legal commitments or
nation in hopes of conquest of a part of that sympathy with Egypt opposing Israel must be
nation is an act of aggression, it is then evident considered. The fact of Israel fighting United
that the Jewish state is the aggressor in this States, Great Britain, France, Russia and the
instance. Arab world is unrealistic. It is inconceivable
The two super powers in the world, the U.S. that the Israeli nation knowing that this situa-
and Russia, have declared in deed if not in tion was probable would attack the Egyptians.
actual alliances where their sympathies lay.
The Reds in the 'Czech-Egyptian arms agree- Dismissing this problem, the question of what
ment of 1945 gave indication that their sympa- Israel has to gain by her actions must be con-
thies lay with the Arab states. The U.S. while sidered. A preventive war which would draw
not actually supplying the Jewish state with U.S., Britain and France in on the side of Israel
military aid made it clear that no objection because of sympathy for her cause and antag-
would be made if her western allies would sup- onism toward Nasser may be a reason for the
ply arms. This resulted in the sale of Canadian action.
planes and tanks to the state of Israel. Secondly the possibility arises that Great
Britain and, or, France encouraged Israel to
The United States has made it clear in march into the canal zone promising military
statements by Secretary of State John Foster and economic aid. Assuming Egypt would be
Dulles and President Dwight D. Eisenhower hesitant to move for fear of starting a global
that it will stand by its May, 1950 pledge to aid war, the canal might easily be seized by Israel.
any victim of aggression in the Middle East. This would leave the canal in the hands of the
This would mean that while the United States' Israeli nation, or in the hands of the West, and
sympathies may be with the state of Israel, it severely damage Nasser's prestige in the Middle
is legally obligated to aid Egypt if it is to East.
stand by the terms of its pledge.
It is also interesting to note the position of AT PRESENT, it is too early to tell why
Israel and the United Nations. The Israeli Israel took aggressive action or what the
state was formed by the United Nations under consequences of the march will be. Solution
the sponsorship of the United States and Great to the problem will be attempted first of all
Britain. These two nations assumed responsi- through the UN. An effort to contain Israel
bility for the new democratic state and aided and keep the war from spreading throughout
it in an advisory capacity. A common bond the Middle East will be made.
of democracy exists between the United States Should this fail, the United States must be
and Israel. prepared to fulfill its commitments either
through economic sanctions or possibly military
ANO'THER FACTOR in the complex problem actions.
is the nationalization of the Suez Canal by The possibility of a global war can be seen
Egypt's Nasser. The United States and the with the U.S., Britain and France lining up
western powers objected violently to the move with the Israeli state and disregarding their
but didn't take any forceful action. The Canal pledge with Russia coming to the aid of Egypt
User's Association was set up to protest the and the Arab state. The possibility of this
Egyptian action and to seek a solution to the happening is unlikely since both powers are
problem. The Users Association still has not afraid of a full scale war.
solved the problem and the West is still not The present situation is extremely complex.
reconciled to Egypt's nationalization of the The immediate implications for the Middle East
canal. Again the U.S. is put in the difficult and the world are frightening. The United
position of being caught between two forces. States and her fellow western allies must tread
The U.S. must aid Egypt to abide by the pledge a difficult line of separating the Egyptians
terms, yet foreign policy does not condone and the Arab states from the Israeli government
seizure of the canal, and forces.
In addition to the elements of surprise and Unless this balance is kept the possibility
the complexity in the situation the Israeli of an end to the cold war and a beginning
motivation in marching into the Sinai Desert to an all out global war is possible.
must be examined. --CAROL PRINS
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
U.S. Not Calling Plays

"Boy, Have They Got A Personality Cult Over Here!"
stt
- s 1
SMRM
\ i.
Q S {N os-rc- o

HOUSING STUDY:
Two Major Conflicts
In SGC Proposal
By DAVID TARR
Daily Staff Writer
STUDENT Government Council tonight will continue discussion of
a proposal to study dormitory financing - a study that could
have far-reaching significance for the University.
But a dfiference of opinions on at least two aspects of the study
can be expected before definite action is taken.
Agreement is lacking among Council members first on the scope
and purpose of the study, and secondly on the possibility that the
Student Affairs Committee, which would conduct the study, may be
duplicating the work of similar groups.
SGC members have pointed out three reasons why the study,
which the motion said would "investigate all phases of financing of
Residence Halls at the University," could be of great importance.
They are:

ARAB-ISRAELI DISPUTE:
Roots Developed Over Many Years

By MARY ANN THOMAS
Daily Feature Editor
ISRAEL'S invasion of Egypt is
the culmination of more than
50 years of tensions surrounding
the establishment of a national
home for the Jews in Palestine.
But roots of the problem de-
veloped much earlier.
Since the revolt of Bar Kochba
in A.D. 135 when the Romans es-
tablished the Christian religion
in Palestine, and more specifically
since the rise of Islam in A.D. 632
Jewish people have been forced to
'wander the earth'.
Although they settled in many
countries throughout the Middle
East and Western world, return
to their former home in Pales-
tine has always been the foremost
ideal of a majority of Jews. But
it was not until the late nine-
teenth centurythat, persecuted
in many European countries such
as Russia and Poland, nationalis-
tic feeling caught hold and the
Zionist Movement started to urge
a return to Palestine.
* * *
AT THIS TIME began a steady
movement to start colonies of
European Jews in the Arab coun-
try supported mainly by non.
political and philanthropic causes.
But Zionism was given greater
impetus when in 1917 Great Brit-
ain declared its 'sympathy with
the Jewish Zionist aspirations' in
the Balfour Declaration.
Made a British Mandate after
World War I, Palestine was at
last destined to become the de-
sired National Home for the
world's Jewry. Great Britain, how-
ever, was also confronted with its
somewhat contradictory pledges
to the newly independent Arab
nations that "nothing shall be
done to prejudice the civil and
religious rights of existing non-
Jewish communities in Palestine."

Thus, from 1920 to World War
II, Great Britain was constantly
faced with rising Arab resentment
and even open resistance to a Na-
tional Jewish homeland in a coun-
try that had been theirs for more
than 13 centuries.
* * *
AND ON THE other hand Zion-
ists in Europe and especially the
United States were subjecting
Great Britain to increased pres-
sure to allow more Jews into Pal-
estine. By the end of World War
II tension was such that Britain
could no longer compromise and
in 1947 she turned the problem
over to the United Nations.
Arab-Israeli hostilities had bro-
ken out even before Britain gave
up its mandate; and when the UN
divided the area into Jewish and
Arab states, Jewish and Arab
forces moved in for all out war.
War then raged full scale with
hardy Jewish forces gaining the
upper hand against weak and dis-
unified Arab armies. When the
armistice was signed in 1949, Is-
rael was in control of nearly all
the territory of former Palestine.
* * *
AND THIS has been 'the situa-
tion until this year. It has been an
uneasy peace: since Gamal Abdul
Nasser came to power in 1953 and
succeeded in getting the British
out of Suez, Arab economic sanc-
tions have kept Israel in financial
difficulties; and constant border
skirmishes instigated by both
Arabs and Jews have only served
to heighten hostilities.
Since the armistice, however,
several diplomatic maneuvers oc-
curred which figure prominently
in the present crisis.
I In 'the Tripartite Agreement of
1950, the United States, Great
Britain and France pledged them-
selves to limit arms shipments to
both the Arab nations and Israel
in an effort to keep the military

balance in the Middle East, and
they further pledged to 'take ac-
tion' against anyone guilty of fu-
ture aggression in the dispute.
Russia entered its bid for favor
in the Middle East first when it
vetoed the Security Council's res-
olution in 1954 permitting Israel
to build a Jordan River power pro-
ject over Syrian protests. Russia
carried through on its desire for
power and influence in the area
when it and its satellites sold
badly needed arms to Egypt in
1955.
* * *
ALSO IN 1955 considerable anti-
western feeling was stirred up
among the Arab nations when
Iraq, longtime rival of Egypt for
leadership of the Arab World,
joined Britain, Turkey, Iran and
Pakistan in the Baghdad Pact.
Egypt countered this move by
refusing to join a Middle East De-
fense Command similar to NATO
and by organizing its own defense
pact with Syria, Saudia Arabia
and later Jordan. Although an-
tagonistic to the West after years
under European domination, the
Arab states were even more afraid
of Israeli expansionism than of
Russia.
Early this year, Arab-Israeli
border clashes had grown so in
number and-seriousness that the
UN sent Secretary-General Dag
Hammarskjold to obtain a cease-
fire from Israel and the Arab
States. By April he was success-
ful and prospects for permanent
settlement of the Arab-Israeli
dispute grew.
Egypt's nationalization of the
Suez Canal Company July 26 had
no immediate effects on the Arab-
Israeli dispute, although it is now
speculated that Britain and France
may have instigated Israel's at-
tack in order to get its troops back
into the Suez area.

* * *
1) THE SIZE of the Residence
Hall system affects the availabil-
ity and rent rates of other housing
on campus. As room and board
rates" rise in dormitories, students
move out and increase apartment
demand, enabling landlords to
raise rents.
2) The Residence Halls may be
the key to future University ex-
pansion in that students who
come here must be housed.
3) Through the Michigan House
Plan the Residence Halls play an
important part in the education
of the student.
Of the two conflicts encoun-
tered in consideration of the study,
the first, scope and purpose of the
committee, is probably the most
pronounced.
* * *
MEMBERS OF SGC who pro-
posed the study, Joe Collins and
Lew Engman, want it only for the
information that it would give to
other SGC members.
Collins claims that there pro-
bably are only five members of
the Council out of 18 with much
knowledge of the Residence Halls
system and its financing. They
do not intend the study to initiate
any SGC action or recommenda-
tions about the system although
they concede these might develop
as a by-product.
The study, as proposed in the
motion, would consider the pres-
ent self-liquidation plan (by which
Residence Halls are financed by
student room and board pay-
ments), University Residence
Halls compared to other systems
of comparable size, the present
dormitory system and its relation-
ship to rising enrollment, and
other plans of financing.
But Robert Warrick, president
of Inter-House Council sees the
study in a considerably different
light.
He envisions the committee con-
ducting a long range estimate of
the amount of housing space that
can be expected in Ann Arbor and
in the University community in
addition to Residence Halls. This
estimate would be compared with
predicted enrollment and the
number of students that couldn't
be housed in the community
would thereby determine, basical-
ly, the number of new Residence
Halls needed.
AFTER THE Residence Hall
need has been determined a dis-
cussion can begin to determine
whether the self-liquidating plan
will adequately finance the new
dorms.
Warrick would also like to see
SGC take action or make recom-
mendations in the housing and
financing area.
Informed sources say littJe
housing assistance can be ex-
pected from the affiliated system,
which appears fairly static, and
only minor help can be contri-
buted by the co-ops. Ann Arbor
housing growth also is fairly sta-
tic compared to Residence Halls
and expected enrollment.
The second major conflict is
that two other committees work-
ing in the area of University hous-
ing may duplicate the SGC com-
mittee's work.
The first is the University

Housing Committee, which, Col-
lins explains, "is not even in the
area of finance in Residence Halls
but concerned more with the over-
all problem of housing all the stu-
dents and not with how to solve it
in dollars and cents."
The other committee is one ap-
proved by the Board of Governors
of the Residence Halls at their
last meeting to "consider the en-
tire area of room and board rates"
This committee grew out of the
$20 room and board raise contro-
versy last spring.
* * *
SPONSORS OF the proposed
SGC study say they believe little
overlapping will occur among the
committees but Warrick heartily
disagrees. He had the motion to
establish the SGC study tabled
until tonight's meeting to gain
time to plan correlation of the
work of the three groups.
Warrick claims the Board's com-
mittee will have to start their in-
vestigation with the present and
predicted availability of space in
the Ann Arbor community despite
the fact that it is mandated only
to study the area of room and
board rates.
He believes that the amount of
housing space available in Ann
Arbor outside of dorms will de-
termine the number of Residence
Halls to be built which will, in
turn, affect room and board rates
because of the self-liquidation
plan the University uses. This is
basically the line of investigation
he sees the Board's committee fol-
lowing and is exactly the same as
that he envisions from the SGC
committee.
THE BOARD'S committee will
be composed of two students close
to the housing situation, two ad-
ministrative officials and two fac-
ulty members.
Warrick has said he believed the
Board committee would be better
able to obtain information about
financing of the Residence Halls
and that the SGC study and the
Housing Committee would be bet-
ter able to consider the problem
of local housing in the city.
He said there are certain areas
in the field of University housing
with which SGC should concern
itself, but a study of anticipated
housing capacity must come be-
fore an extended consideration of
financing of Residence Halls.
The point where there is the
most agreement is the definite
need for a study, and a study by
some group, such as SGC, which
can lend its prestige to emphasiz-
ing the importance of the housing
problem.
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 3)
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Seventh U.S. Civil Service Region --
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A

i

Ai
4!

A

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
BRITAIN AND FRANCE have now taken the
ball completely away from the United States
and the United Nations in the Middle East.
From protesting Israel's invasion. of Egypt,
Washington has turned to protesting the ac-
tions of her chief allies.
There is a serious split.
There is no reason to believe that American
representations will be successful.
France and Britain, with France in the lead,
have wanted immediate and forceful interven-
tion at Suez ever since Egypt's decree national-
izing the canal.
THE UNITED STATES held out for negotia-
tion and for a time won its point. War was
delayed.
Then Israel invaded Egypt, bolstered by
French arms in quantities which American au-
thorities believed far exceeded those they had
Editorial Staff
RICHARD SNYDER, Editor
RICHARD HALLORAN LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
Business Staff
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN.....Associate Business Manager
WILTTAM PTTASC.................Aer1.ine Manage,.

approved when the United States refused ship-
ments herself.
The United States and Soviet Russia, the
former having long attempted neutrality and
the latter on the side of the Arabs, cried "stop,"
and appealed to the United Nations in the hope
of bringing to bear an overwhelming public
opinion, plus the threat of sanctions.
Britain and France also cried "stop," with a
proviso that, if their wishes were not heeded,
they would occupy the canal zone by force-
which was just what they had been wanting
to do all the time. Later it was announced that
the two countries would move "token" forces
into the zone even if the fighting stopped.
There was no immediate indication that the
British and French had consulted or even noti-
fied the United States.
The Anglo-French decision immediately obvi-
ated the effect of anything the United Nations
might have done.
IF THE BRITISH-FRANCE ultimatum worked,
they would have accomplished the objective
toward which the United States was heading
through established channels. The American
effort was to induce Israel to reconsider. By
tagging Israel as the aggressor, and reiterating
her pledge to support the victims of aggression,
the United States had faced the possibility of
giving Egypt some sort of aid in a war. This is
a potentially dangerous domestic political issue.
What effect, if any it may have on the Eisen-
hower administration's fortunes in next week's
elections cannot be foreseen.
If Israel did not stop, the British were in
position to exercise their treaty right to return
to the canal zone in case Egypt were attacked.

4

AT THE MICHIGAN:
Inside James Mason

STANLEY QUARTET:
Quintet Highlight

"BIGGER Than Life" is a story
about a nice fellow named Ed
Avery, who, with the help of a
miracle drug improperly used,
cleaves his personality neatly in
two and half the time acts just
like James Mason. His wife and
son can only observe with horror
as he methodically destroys his
teaching career, his home, and is
saved from annihilating part of
his family only by a timely black-
out. It is an occasionally scenic
journey through the wilds of psy-
chosis. The way in which the trip
is launched is something else.
The villain in the story is the
misuse of Cortisone, prescribed
in this case as a cure for some
ill-defined and fatal disease. The
documentation here is daringly
intimate as the audience is al-
lowed to see cast on an X-ray
screen a swallow of barimrdes-

a habit-forming drug, is harmful
only in certain forms and in iso-
lated cases. It is unfortunate that
the flim-makers, having run the
gamut of alcoholism, drug addic-
tion and proceeded into the sub-
ject of mental illness, feel the
need to deliver an attack on a real
medical advance. An attempt is
made, of course, to define "use"
as contrasted with "misuse", but
the calm explanation of the Doc-
tor is hardly effective against
scenes of the victim in a homici-
dal rage.
A comon fault with movies
based on exaggerated problems is
that they are of necessity over-
acted. Only in this area does the
film begin to live up to its am-
biguous title. No nuance of agony
resulting from folksy people in
the grip of a personal monster
- -nn 11"1 .711"(r a . fo m. i r~nr

T HE superiority of Michigan's
School of Music faculty is sel-
dom exhibited as well as it was
at last night's concert by the
Stanley Quartet.
The high point of the evening
was the performance of Mozart's
Quintet in A major for clarinet,
two violins, viola, and cello. The
clarinet parts were superbly
played by Albert Luconi. It is not
often that one hears such a won-
derfully smooth, velvety clarinet
tone as that produced by Mr. Lu-
coni. The beautiful sustained pas-
sages of the Larghetto movement
sounded as though they must have
been inspired by some heavenly
power. In the final movement the
fast running passages flowed un-
faltering from Mr. Luconi's clar-
inet. Perfectly complementing the
great clarinet playing, the quartet
always blended their tones with
the wondwind and vet atall times

solo passages. These were exe-
cuted very nicely by the quartet.
On the whole, the work is quite
beautiful. However, Mr. Finney
seems to be able to handle the
slow, melodic passages better than
the fast which tended to be rath-
er disjunct. The quartet gave a
very nice reading to this exceed-
ingly difficult score.
The p r o g r a m opened with
Beethoven's Quartet in F major,
Op. 18, No. 1.
** *
ALTHOUGH the Stanley Quar-
tet is not as well known as some
organizations of this kind it ranks
among the best. It is a pity that
more people don't attend its con-
certs. Last night's audience was
far from the size which a perfor-
mance of this high quality merits.
Perhaps the recognition of the
organization and the School of
Music would be increased if re-

1.

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