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October 20, 1956 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1956-10-20

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Troops Stationed



Khrushchev Leaves Moscow to Meet
Polish Communist Committee
WARSAW, Poland (-) - Reports circulated today that troops
were posted on Warsaw's outskirts soon after Nikita Khruschev's un-
heralded arrival here yesterday from Moscow.
But who the troops supported was a matter only for speculation.
Soviet as well as Polish forces are stationed in Poland.
Khruschev, the Soviet communist party secretary, and a dele-
gation of military and political leaders flew in amid indications of
a crisis in Polish-Soviet relations.
They apparently had come from Moscow to try to apply the brakes
to Poland's headlong advance toward independent Communism..
The re-emergence of Wladislaw Gomulka, symbol of national

communism in Poland, is a direct
Hits Adlai's
Draft 'Folly'
Peace 'Panaceas'
Called Senseless
LOS ANGELES (MP) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
accused Adlai Stevenson of "speak-
ing incredibly folly" in saying the
military draft is an "incredible
waste" of manpower and money.
In a speech in the Hollywood
Bowl, President Eisenhower said:
"I do not believe that any politi-
cal campaign justifies the declara-
tion of a moratorium on common
Amused Tolerance
"We might afford to be tolerant,
in an amused way, of the current
effort to sell senseless economic
panaceas in a political bargain
But, President Eisenhower, said,
"we cannot be very tolerant of the
suggestion that the peace of the
world can be bought on the same
terms and at the same counter.
"And the man who today dis-
misses our military draft as 'an
incredible waste' is a man speaking
incredible folly."
Stevenson made the statement
Thursday night in a speech at
Youngstown, Ohio.
Hits Adlai's Charge
At the same time, President
Eisenhower hit out at a charge by
Stevenson that the Eisenhower ad-
ministration had been marked
from the start by the "contagion
of corruption."
Here again he did not mention
the Democratic presidential candi-
date by name. But he said:
"I scorn this preposterous accu-
sation-and I condemn it as false
-because it is a baseless insult to
the many men and women associ-
ated with me in public service
today, whom I know and trust.
"They are men and women rwho
-above and beyond all partisan
difference-command the respect
of the leadership of both parties
in our Congress, and the American
"I say nothing of myself. I am
glad to await-with confidence-
your judgment upon such charges
next Nov. 6."
To Perform
The Berlin Philharmonic Orch-
estra will return to Ann Arbor on
its second American tour tomorrow.
The orchestra, under the baton
of Herbert von Karaj an, will per-
form at 8:30 p.m. in Hill Auditor-
The program will include Over-
ture to "Anacreon" by Cherubin,
A Symphonie Liturgique, (Symphony
No. 3) by the contemporary com-
poser Honegger and Beethoven's
Symphony No. 7.
The Berlin Philharmonic has
in its time played under Brahms,
Tchaikovsky and Grieg. Organized
in 1882, the orchestra is unique in
having a self-governing contract-
charter by which the members
have the right to co-selection of
their conductor.
This democratic structure con-
tinues to the present day, although
the City of Berlin and the Berlin
Senate have assumed the obliga-

threat to Konstantin Rokossovsky.
Rokossovsky, Polish-born Soviet
marshal, was installed in the Stal-
in era as Poland's defense minis-
Immediate Conference
The Russians flew to Warsaw
in a TU104 jet liner and went
ing members of the Polish Com-
straight into conference with lead-
ing members of the Polish Com-
munist Central Committee.
The committee had just restored
once jailed Titoists to power.
Khrushchev was accompanied by
leading members of the Soviet
Presidium Politburo.
They were reported to include
Marshal Georgi Zhukov, defense
minister; former Foreign Minis-
ter V. M. Molotov; deputy pre-
miers A. I. Mikoyan and Lazar
Kaganovich; Marshall Ivan S.
Konev, supreme commander of
the Warsaw pact military organ-
ization tying Communist armies
to the Soviet army, and Gen. of
the Army A. I.hAntonov, secre-
tary general of the Warsaw pact.
Military Considerations
The presence of the Soviet mili-
tary leaders seemed to indicate
military considerations played a
part in the suprise visit.
The arrival of Khrushchev is
said to have angered Gomulka. He
was described as viewing the So-
viet visit as a highly tactless man-
euver, coming at a time when the
ing incredible folly" in saying the
Polish party is under great public
pressure to show its independence.
The meeting of the Central
Committee is generally expected
to have historic import for Poland
and the rest of the Eastern bloc.
The meeting is expected by most
Poles to lead the nation to a more
independent place in world affairs.
Power To Tax
Lacking in City
A local amusement tax for Ann
Arbor is a "long way from reality,"
according to Prof. Arthur W.
Bromage of the political science
Jurisdiction to pass such taxes
can be obtained only by a city
charter provision. Only if a charter
delegates such "home-rule power"
can City Council put up for vote
a specific ordinance specifying
amount of tax and who would be
The question of whether or not
the city already has such "home-
rule power" is being studied by City
Administrator Guy Larcom and
City Attorney Jacob Fahrner, Jr.
A complete report of their findings
will be delivered to the City Coun-
cil Nov. 9.
Discussion at City Council meet-
ings heavily favors an amusement
tax. President pro tem Russel
Burns said, "If we had such a tax
we would have put $75,000 into the
city coffers the last three week-
ends, instead of being out a few
hundred dollars for police overtime
According to Prof. Bromage Ann
Arbor City Council is conducting a
search similar to many other cities
in that they are "looking for a tax
on something other than property,
but the Council can't seem to get
the backing of the people for the
alternative amusement tax pro-
Defeated in '51, '52
The amusement tax proposal
was put on the ballot in 1951 by
the City Council and was defeated.
Again in 1952 the Council offered
the tax and Ann Arbor voters de-
cided aainst it by an even gratier

World News
By The Associated Press
ain, the Soviet Union and Iran
gave full sympathy to Jordan yes-
terday after Jordan demanded that
the UN halt "unprovoked Israeli
aggression" along their tense
The Big Powers and Iran told
the UN Security Council it must
act to stop the continued deteriora-
tion in relations between Jordan
and Israel.
JERUSALEM Jordan Sector -
The chief UN truce supervisor in
Palestine said yesterday a major
flareup is threatening on the Jor-
dan-Israeli frontier.
Maj. Gen. E. L. M. Burns told
an interviewer the situation is the
worst he has known since he ar-
rived in Jerusalem two years ago.
* * *
happy bedlam yesterday welcomed
the 31 men, women and infants
who waited through nearly five
tense, prayerful hours before the
mid-Pacific ditching of their plane
and the swift safe rescue of all
The 24 passangers and 7 crew
members stepped off the rescue
ship, the Coast Guard cutter Pont-
chartrain, into joyful embraces of
w i v e s, husbands and families
crowding the dock.
HERRIN, Ill. --Seven persons
were dead yesterday of the lethal
effects of a propane gas flash fire
that seared an entire neighborhood
like a giant blowtorch.
Six others were seriously burned
in the fire and explosions Thurs-
day night that destroyed a gas
bottling plant warehouse, five
homes, three trucks and two au-
Three of the victims died yes-
terday of the effects of extensive
WASHINGTON - The Military
Air Transport Service said yes-
terday it has positively identified
wreckage of a MATS plane which
vanished nine days ago with 59
American servicemen on a flight
from England to the Azores.
Earlier, the 3rd U.S. Air Force,
which conducted the search from
England, said it was ending all
rescue flights last night but will
continue "s u r v e i l a n ce type"
* * *
MOSCOW Idaho - Three stu-
dents died in an explosive fire at
a University of Idaho dormitory
early yesterday and university of-
ficials called it arson and murder.
At least eight other residents of
Gault Hall, a new $500,000 dormi-
tory housing 130 men, were burn-
ed. Three " of them were being
treated at a hospital.
« * ,
MOSCOW-Japan and the So-
viet Union signed a declaration
yesterday to end their 11-year
state of war and agreed upon a
formula to boost trade between the
two countries.
Minor Fire Flares
I Randall Lab
A flash fire flared briefly yes-
terday afternoon in the Randall
Physics Laboratory.
According to Ann Arbor Assist-
and Fire Chief Harold Gauss, the
blaze apparently started when a
window shade drifted against the
hot resistance coil of an unattend-
ed student experiment.
Thefire was put out with a hand
fire extinguisher, and damage was

reported as slight.

Favored Wolverine
Wildcats' Cha llenge

Adlai Blasts
Ike's Suez
Attacks GOP Policy
In Cincinnati Speech
CINCINNATI ()-Adlai E. Ste-
venson asked last night why Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower did.
not "tell us the truth" about the
Suez crisis, and said the president
must bear'responsibility for Sec-
retary of State John Foster Dulles
and a policy of "leadership to
Stevenson spoke to an enthusi-
astic crowd that overflowed a
3,800-capacity auditorium here
after a one-day tour of Kentucky,
in which he hit hard on the theme
that "a vote for President Eisen-
hower is a vote for Richard Nix-
Dulles Under Fire
The Democratic presidential
nominee turned his fire on Secre-
tary Dulles, saying he has a "habit
of describing every defeat as a vic-
tory and every setback as a tri-
"He is a master of reverse Eng-
lish," Stevenson said.
Introduced by Michael V. Di-
salle, Democratic candidate for
governor of Ohio, Stevenson be-
gan his address with an off-the-
cuff reference to President Eisen-
hower's relationship with what he
called the "Republican old guard."
'He Joined Them'
"Since he didn't beat them, he
joined them," the candidate said.
Then, switching to the foreign
policy theme, Stevenson recalled
President Eisenhower's recent tele-
vision comment that there was
"good news" about Suez, and went
on to say:
"But there is no good news
about Suez. Why didn't the Presi-
dent tell us the truth? Why hasn't
he told us frankly that what has
happened in the past few months
is that the Communist rulers of
Soviet Russia have accomplished
a Russian ambition that the czars
never accomplished?
Oil Tank of Europe
"Russian power apd influence
have moved into the Middle East
-the oil tank of Europe and Asia
and the great bridge between east
and west."
Stevenson said foreign policy is
"about the most serious failure of
the Republican administration."
And he added:
"Under our constitution, the
President conducts America's re-
lations with the rest of the world
and he is responsible for them and
for his Secretary of State."
Repeating a charge that the ad-
ministration has sought to sweep
such issues as hydrogen bomb con-
trol "under the rug," the candidate
"We need to be called to labor,
not lulled with rosy and mislead-
ing assurances that all is well.
Leadership which fails in this is
leadership to disaster."

l l

IBowles Sees Lack in Foreign Pol
Q~ " F ~rT z: : = :%:=t>.i=J: S_::\:%:: ?:xt? .:":":...:. ? l>

"All we ask is a little imagina-
tion," Chester Bowles, former am-
bassador to India, commented on
United States foreign policy in a
press conference yesterday.
"Not only aren't we doing a lot
of things in foreign affairs we
should be doing, but we're happy
not doing them.
"For heaven's sake," he told re-
porters assembled in his room in
the Union, "let's recognize that
there are problems."
In a speech last night in the
Union ballroom Bowles denied that
the cold war is currently at a
stalemate. "We're going backwards
in almost every area. The Russians
have made more progress in the
Middle East in the past four years
than they had in the past two
'Fundamental Mess'
The former Connecticut gover-
nor also described "the funda-
mental mess of our foreign policy"
in terms of "substantial weaken-
ing" of American overseas bases,
"progressive decomposition of the
North Atlantic Treaty Organiza-
tion, and a "steady decline in our
relative air strength."
Bowles issued a three-point .in-
dictmentiof the Eisenhower f or-
eign policy. He accused it of de-
stroying the foundations of bi-
partisanship by giving the "isola-
tionist wing of the Republican
Party an effective veto power over
its every major act," of failing "to
trust the American people with the
facts about our relations with the
rest of the world," and finding it-
self "incapable of coping boldly
and effectively with the new forces
and changing situations which
confront us abroad."
'Change in Red Tactics'
Bowles credited a change in
Nixon Issues
New Challenge
BALTIMORE (P) - Vice Presi-
dent Richard M. Nixon yesterday
challenged Adlai Stevenson to sub-
mit to "open press conference"
questioning on his draft and H-
bomb views.
Nixon's prepared talk was the
last of a 10,000-mile campaign
swing during which he repeatedly
accused Stevenson of irresponsi-
bility and lack of judgement. Last
night he said the Democratic
presidential nominee had shown
"new inconsistencies" in each
speech and statement made on
the two big defense issues.
And Nixon said Stevenson "has
refused to permit the press to ex-
amine him on the draft, the H-
bomb and other questionable is-
sues he has raised during his
campaign." The Vice-President
said he and President Dwight D.
Eisenhower both had opened their
view to newsmen's questions at


S Face
icy Lineup Stays
' Three NU Linemen
Hindered by Injuries;
M' Line Outweighed
Associate sports Edtior
Michigan will try to start its
climb up the Big Ten ladder this
afternoon when it hosts an under-
dog Northwestern football team.
Kickoff time is 1:30. A crowd
of between 78-81,00 people is ex-
pected to be on hand when the
Wolverines take on coach Ara Par-
seghian's Wildcat eleven.
The Michigan squad goes into
today's contest with a 0-1 Con-
ference record, having dropped a
decision to Michigan State in its
only league activity thus far.
Northwestern, Big Ten doormat
last year, held Minnesota to a
scoreless tie in its Conference de-
but last week.
'M' Strong Favorite
The Wolverines, fresh from a
48-14 win over Army, are strong
||.|| favorites to bury the undermanned
:r Song squad from Evanston, Ill.
cticut Michigan's huge forward wall
Eisen- will be outweighed for the first
oreign time this year. The Wildcats av-
on the erage 212 pounds up front, com-
inner. pared to a 205-lb. average for the
Michigan line. Three of the North-
ica and western behemoths, however, may
into a see limited action today because
w, grad- of injuries.
ion, and End Ben. Napolski, guard Al
resist." Viola and 240-lb. tackle John
that "in Smith have not sufficiently re-
of con- sponded to treatment for minor
ninistra- injuries, and will not be at top
y badly efficiency, according to Par-
versaries seghian.
"o Michigan is still in good all-
h about around physical shape. End Ron
s to sus- Kramer's fractured hand is still
, Bowles mending, but he is available for
uld have full-time duty, if needed. Wing-
suspend back Terry Barr has apparently
e "prop- shaken off his hip injury, and has
ss they run well in drills this week.
would be Lousma, Dickey Injured
unwill- Only substitute backs Jack
he com- Lousma and Jim Dickey are con-
g out all Ndered casualties, although both
ians are may see action against the 'Cats.
e label- Jim Pace, who was put into the
,, starting lineup right before game
sals See NORTHWESTERN, Page 3

"A LITTLE IMAGINATION"-Chester Bowles, former Cgnne
governor and former ambassador to India, criticizes theI
hower Administration for making "a fundamental mess" in f
policy. He spoke before a full-house in the Union ballroom o
occasion of the Democratic Second Congressional District d

Communist tactics with the, end"
of hostilities in Korea. "Eisenhow-
er had no more to do with the
peace in Korea than Mickey Man-
tle did."
He also credited the efforts of
American troops and "easier and
more profitable opportunity for
expansion" by the Chinese Com-
munists in Indochina-"an oppor-
tunity which it promptly seized."
Bowles, who is prominently men-
tioned as a possible Stevenson
secretary of state, called Russia's
present tactics "astute political
and economic maneuver."
He said it was attempting "to
undermine our relations with our
Allies, to force us out of the Middle
Nuclear Reactor
Dedication Day Set'
The new million-watt Ford Nu-
clear Reactor on North Campus
will be dedicated Nov. 16 in con-
junction with the Phoenix Mem-
orial Project's annual "Atomic
Day "
Built with a $1,000,000 gift from.
the Ford Motor Company Fund,
the reactor will be the most power-
ful in the nation outside of gov-
ernment installations.
Following Atomic Day ceremo-
nies in Rackham Amphitheatre,
the dedication will be held at the
reactor building on North Cam-
pus. At that time Ernest R. Breech,
chairman of the Board of the Ford
Motor Company, will deliver the
main address.

East, to draw Asia, fr
eventuallyLatin America
closer relation with Moscow
ually to press us into isolat
to weaken our capacity to
He went on to charget
this new and vital area
flict, the Eisenhower Adm
tion has been doing ver
while our Communist ad'
have been doing very well.
Asked after his speec
Adlai Stevenson's proposal
pend hydrogen bomb tests
suggested that Russia wou
dramatically offered to;
such tests long ago for th
aganda advantage" unle
felt that such a "freeze" w
to her disadvantage.
Due to Administration
ingness to suspend tests,r
mented, "the story is going
over Asia that the Russi
ahead in the arms race." H
ed such stories "nonsense.
Defends Draft Propos
At his informal press con
Bowles defended Stevenso
posals to re-examine th
"From what we can gat
cost of replacing. troops
very great."
He suggested that the
number of troops could b
tained by offering higher
ives for more individuals
list for terms longer than
year draft term. The extr
required could be more tha
up, he contended, by sa
training of new draftees.
"We don't know for s'
added. "We're not the gove
We just want to study this

n's pro-
e draft.
her the
is very,
e main-
to en-
the two
a money
an made
ving on
ure," he
s thing."

Visiting Faculty Displays Life of Foreign Lands

Leads Adlai
In Gallup Poll.
By The Associated Press
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
is well out in front in the presiden-
tial polls-in some cases by bigger
leads than in 1952.
Adlai E. Stevenson, his. Demo-
craticariv alis scoring gains in
some sectional polls though they
show him still trailing.
The latest Gallup Poll showed
President Eisenhower leading in
the populous East by a.greater
margin than in 1952.
In this survey, President Eisen-
hower was credited with 60 per
cent of the voters in 12 states with
153 electoral votes; Stevenson had
40 per cent. The same 12 states
gave the GOP national ticket 55.2
per cent of their popular vote in
The 12 states were: New York,
New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Dela-
ware, Maryland, West 'Virginia,
Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire,
Massachusetts, Connecticut and
Rhode Island. All except West
Virginia gave their electoral votes
to President Eisenhower in the
last election.
Some of the polls showed Stev-
enson gaining. The latest Detroit
News poll showed President Eisen-
iower slipping in 14 out of 17
voter groups, although he was
leading in the state totals, 56.8 per

Color, tradition and life in for-
eign lands were demonstrated last
night in the Rackham building by
foreign instructors studying at the
Exhibits plus a special show were
presented by the International
Teachers of English under guid-
ance of the English Language In-
Exhibits displayed handicraft
and items typical of the countries
they represented.
Dressed in colorful and elegant
native costumes, the visiting in-
structors presented for the pro-
gram songs and dances native to
+hoi ickr

in-'~ '

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