EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
'Yho's Running And Who's Been Caught?"
"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SUNDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: PETER ECKSTEIN
Lecture Ban Makes
U'Follower, Not Leader
IF ONE were to look for the primary reason "controversial ideas." But we believe the Uni-
for the University's parental lecture ban com- versity can recognize speakers holding any
mittee, he would find it is more a result of over- view without impairing its continued existence
conscious public relations policy than a fear and future expansion.
that it is necessary to protect a supple student The University should, as the old Student
mind. Legislature said, "be able to rise above tem-
While the Regents bylaw on the use of lec- porary criticism with a thorough and broad-
ture rooms and auditoriums implies that the minded educational policy based upon academic
University is a leader in "ethical and intellec- freedom and complete discussion of all matters
tual development" of society, its interpretation of educational importance." The University
suggests that the University is instead a fol- should be a leader in the presentation of
lower of middle-of-the-road body of public opinion, and not a follower of the public
opinion, opinion of the time.
As the University has grown and expanded The University should point out that giving
its development plans, it has become increas- a speaker a soapbox from which he can deliver
tngly careful not to "antagonize" its sources of his views does not necessarily mean that it
funds, the State Legislature and private groups approves his views. It should point out that
and individuals. Since funds from these sources partisan politics are educational.
are necessary for its continued expansion, the
University wants to make certain neither of IF THE University is actually turning out the
these groups receives the opportunity to take high-quality products it claims, it should
exception to any idea originating on Univer- point out that an audience of University stu-
sity property which deviates from the majority dents is the most dangerous audience in the
of public opinion. country for a speaker with "tainted" views.
With these views in mind, the Regents should
T CANNOT be denied that funds might be consider a revision in philosophy and interpre-
hard to come by if sources get it into their tation of the lecture bylaw.
heads that the object of their affection is an -RICHARD SNYDER
institution filled with "radical students" and Editor
Another Mideast Binder
ONCE AGAIN, the U.S. State Department is ful government controlled army can have a
party to a Near Eastern blunder; if not a great effect on elections in a country where
party, one of its major backers. democracy is far from an established tradition.
Recently, Iraq announced that it will u
lendJoran aout300troos a a dterent But the dangerous effect is that the West is
lend Jordan about 300 troops as a deterrent stupidly contributing to an arms race that has
against Israeli raids. Strong support for the long been overbalanced toward the Arab side.
move comes from the British government and Far from merely insuring the peaceful re-elec-
rather than risk alienating our ally, the U.S. tion of the pro-Western Jordan ere
is tagging along without offering much oppo- they a e the ster an government,
sition. they are setting the stage fOr an explosion on
The truth is that this move is not meant the Israel-Jordan border.
primarily as a deterrent against over-the- REASON for the unpopularity of the
border raids. No one expects the Israeli to in- 0NE
vade Jordan, and surely the Jordanian Arab Jordanian government is that it takes a
legion has the strength necessary for making conservative view of decisive action toward
retaliatory raids. Israel. With additional forces at its command,
what is to prevent the Jordan government
17S MOVE is meant to shore up a faltering from making the next border raid bigger than
Jordan government, and to halt the rising the last and what is to prevent it from insuring
influence of Nassar in that country. ' its re-election by starting a limited or perhaps
On Oct. 21, Jordan must hold general elec- unlimited war with Israel?
tions, and is it doubtful that the present gov- Once again, Secretary Dulles has allowed a
ernment will be re-elected. As any other govern- bomb, fuse lighted, to be planted in the Middle
ment would most likely be more radical and East.
would probably lean toward Egypt for leader- Now we must sit and hold our ears hoping
ship, the West would like to see the current that it won't go off.
regime stay in power. The presence of a power- -DAVID GELFARD
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Generalized Criticism a Disservice
1 DI) i I N4' * / 114
N t' I lfh
s _ >"f
s, """' r'
*1qs5.4-r'.ie v4.N-.sacuJ G7'r PS' 'c.
WASHING TON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Two Unused British Weapons
By DREW PEARSON
Role of Moderator .
To the Editor:
WISH to commend the Inter-
national Students' Association
for sponsoring a very interesting
and stimulating discussion of the
Suez Canal crisis. This new ven-
ture is one of which the association
should be extremely proud and I
am certain that their future pro-
grams will be awaited with eager-
ness by a large segment of the
It seems appropriate to mention
that the president of the Interna-
tional Students' Association, Andy
Chaudhry, proved himself to be
amusing, charming, and totally
unaware of the role appropriate for
the "moderator" of such a panel
discussion. He persisted in answer-
ing questions himself and his per-
sonal basis on the issue was obvi-
ous to all those present. The pur-
pose of having a chairman is not
to have him voice, or give evidence
of, his opinions. If it were, he
would be selected as a member of
the panel. May I suggest that Mr.
Chaudhry might benefit from some
study of appropriate authorities in
the field of parliamentary proced-
ure and skillful chairmanship?
-Barbara Mattison, Grad.
To the Editor:
I DON'T know of anyone who did
fail to get a sympathetic chuckle
from John Wrona's recent inci-
dent,, nor do I know of anyone who
would fail to see true humor in
the indignation of a scandalized
few who seriously might express
shock at the affasir, which in no
manner detracts from Mr. Wrona's
own effectiveness as a member of
SGC, nor stifles the fife and drum
accomaniment to the forward
march of our student government
as it fights for right and good.
-Gordon L. Black, '57
, etered Bike Racks?.. ..
To the Editor:
THERE are over 4,000 bicycles
on the University campus. One
of the city ordinances makes it
mandatory for all bicycles to be li-
censed, lest they be impounded.
The revenue received from these
licenses undoubtedly aids the city
of Ann Arbor; however, these reve-
nues are not enough, so the Ann
Arbor Police have begun to gain!
additional revenue through funds
received from bicycle parking sum-
Tuesday afternoon, I parked my
bicycle on South State Street in
front of the Virginian Restaurant.
Upon returning, I found a patrol-
man writing out a summons for
my bicycle. With a smile, he hand-
ed me the summons and said that
he did not like doing this any
more than I; however, he had
three more books of twenty-five
tickets each to dispose of. It seems
to me that this protector of our
city had a difficult task to per-!
form-that of writing out parking
violations to bicycle owners. My
sarcastic reply to the officer was,
"What next? I guess that we'll have
to put our bikes in metered racks."
The funny thing was that he didn't
think my comment was very funny.
Actually there is a great short-
age of parking space on State
Street. A solution to this problem
might be the installation of more
bicycle racks on State Street rath-
er than the handing out of park-
-Joel Koenig, '59
Letters to the Editor must be signed
and limited to 300 words. The Daily
reserves the right to edit or with-
hold any letter.
Sometimes it looks as if British
diplomats just aren't smart.
They have at least two secret wea-
pons up their sleeves with which
they could play ring-around-a-
rosy with the Russians and the
Egyptians. But they don't use
T h e Montreux Convention,
which gave Russia free passage
through the Dardanelles to and
from the Black Sea, could be de-
nounced at any time in the next
three weeks. Russia doesn't want
internationalization of Suez, but
does want internationalization of
the Dardaneeles. The British could
denounce the Montreux Conven-"
tion and throw the entire Russian
"access-to-the-sea" position into
the diplomatic soup.
The British could build a few
feet extra on their dam at Owen
Falls in Uganda on the Upper Nile
and shut pff priceless irrigation
water to Egypt on the Lower Nile.
Less irrigation water would throw
the Egyptian economy seriously
out of whack.
Britian has a treaty with Egypt,
dated 1929, forbidding dams or
projects which take additional
water from the Nile. But since
Colonel Nasser abruptly seized the
Suez Canal company without au-
thority, the British have diplo-
matic precedent for operating
against Egypt with equal vigor.
The Nile and its tributary, the
Kagera, flow for 4,037 miles
through Uganda and the Sudan,
so the British have considerable
river mileage in which to upset the
flow to Egypt.
Denunciation of the Montreux
Convention would chiefly harass
Russia, now Egypt's chief backer
in the Suez dispute. The Conven-
tion expires Nov. 9, 1956, though
it continues automatically unless
notice is given by one of the sig-
natories. Britain is a party and
could give such notice.
The Montreux Pact gives Rus-
sia and other signatories a right
of free access to and from the
Black Sea, which is something the
Czars of Russia wanted to get ever
since Peter the Great. Most of
the wars of Russia prior to World
War I were fought for the purpose
of getting an outlet to the sea for
the great land-locked mass of Rus-
sia and Siberia.
TURKEY, on tne other hand,
has vigorously opposed giving this
free access to Russia. As the Suez
Canal runs through Egypt, so the
Dardanelles and the Bosporus run
through Turkish trritory.
And when the Allies first forced
Turkey to give free access to Rus-
sia it came about not because they
wanted to help Russia, but because
the British fleet wanted free access
to the Black Sea in order to inter-
vene against the Bolshevik govern-
ment. That was the origin of the
treaty of Lausanne in 1923. At that
time Russia had no navy, didn't
care much whether she had free
access through the Dardanelles or
A decade later, however, she had
built a navy and demanded in the
Montreux Convention continuation
of the right given under the Lau-
sanne Treaty. Today Russia has
a submarine fleet even greater
than that of the USA and would
scream to high heaven if the Mon-
treux Convention were ended.
Foreign Minister Shepilov, who
now opposes internationalization
of Suez, would find himself arguing
just as vigorously for interna-
tionalization if the Montreux Con-
vention was suspended.
Turkey would like nothing better
than to recapture her former juris-
diction over the vital waterway
that runs through her territory.
Meanwhile neither France nor
Britain, which have the right to
give two years' notice have made
a move toward ending this treaty,
so important to Soviet Russia.
* * *
EZRA BENSON'S acting Sec-
retary of Agriculture abruptly re-
neged on a television program in
Missouri last weeK when he learned
that a lawyer who had opposed
Benson's soil conservation policies
was going to be on the program.
The lawyer was Frazier Baker,
Fulton, Mo., attorney who had
defended some of the farmers'
committees supervising soil conser-
vation in the past, but which were
ousted under Benson. Baker was
the chief member of 'the TV panel
who might have been critical to
Secretary True Morse. The others
included George Spencer, Demo-
cratic State Senator, plus two
staunch Republicans: George H.
Miller, Republican who is running
for Congress against Rep. Morgan
Moulder; and Olen Monsees, a
Republican and Vice President of
the Missouri Farm Bureau.
However, one day before the
show was to be filmed on station
KOMU at Columbia, Mo., GOP
publicity director John Ellinger
spoke to KOMU news director Phil
Berk, learned to his dismay that
attorney Baker would be one of
Next day Baker and Spencer
arrived at the studio and sat cool-
ing their heels. Morse and the
two Republican panelists didn't
appear. Morse's schedule had been
"rearranged." He couldn't make
the TV date, though he did make
a luncheon at the nearby Daniel
Boone Hotel the same day.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
The Daily Official Bulletin Is an of-
ficial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility. No-
tices should be sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 3553 Administration
Building before 2 p.m. the day preced-
SUNDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1956
VOL. LXVII, NO. 22
Meeting of the University Staff. Gen-
eral staff meeting at 4:15 p.m., Mon.,
Oct. 22, in Rackham Lecture Hall. Presi-
dent Hatcher will discuss the state of
the University. All members of the
University staff, academic and non-
academic, are invited.
It is expected that the Directory for
1956-57 will be ready for distribution
about Oct. 26. The chairmen of the
various departments and directors of
other units will please requisition the
number of copies required for Univer-
sity campus use. Requisitions should
be sent to the Purchasing Department
and delivery will be made by campus
mail. If individuals wish a copy for
home use the Directory will be available
by payment of 75c at the Cashier's Of-
fice, Main Floor, Administration Build-
Business concerns or individuals not
connected with the University desir-
ing a Directory may purchase a copy at
a cost of $2.00.
Freshman Testing Program: Make-up
sessions for freshmen who missed any of
the Aptitude tests given Saturday of
orientation week will be held Tues.
evening, Oct. 16, and Thurs. evening,
Oct. 18. Pease report, on either night,
to Aud. B, Angell Hall promptly at 6:50
p.m. The language placement examina-
tions and the engineering mathemat-
ics, chemistry, and English placement
examinations will not be given. For
further information call Ext. 2297.
The Baroque Trio, Nelson Hauenstein
flute, Florian Mueller, oboe, and Mari-
lyn Mason, harpsichord, will appear
in the first of two Sunday evening con-
certs at 8:30 p.m. Sun., Oct. 14, in Aud.
A, Angell Hall. Works by Johann Jo-
seph Fux, G. F. Handel, Willem de
Fesch, Benedetto Marcello, and William
Boyce, with commentary on the compo-
sitions and composers by Louise Cuyler.
G e n e r a l public admitted without
Concert. The Boston Symphony Or-
chestra, Charles Munch, Conductor, will
give the first concert in the Choral
Union Series Mon., Oct. 15, at 8:30 p.m.
in Hill Auditorium and the second con-
cert of the Extra Series in a different
program on Wed. evening, Oct. 17. Tick-
ets are available daily at the offices
of the University Musical Society in
Burton Tower; and will also be on sale
at the Hill Auditorium box office after
7:00 p.m. on the nights of the respe-
Schools of Business Administration,
Education, Music, Natural Resources
and Public Health.
Students, who received marks of 1.
X or 'no reports' at thevend of their last
semester or summer session of atten-
dance, will receive a grade of "E" in
the course or courses, unless this 'work
is made up. In the School of Music this
date is by October 17. In the Schools of
Business Administration, Education,
Natural Resources and Public THealth,
this date is by October 19. Students,
wishing an extension of time beyond
these dates in order to make Wp this
work, should file a petition, addressed
to,- the appropriate official of their
School, with Room 1513 Adminiration
Building, where it will be transtitted.
Philosophy 34 make-up final Tues.,
Oct. 16 from 2 to 5 p.m. in 2208 Angel
Make-up final examination for Politi-
cal Science II at 7:00-10:00 p.m. in Room
451, Mason Hall.
Admission test for Graduate study In
Business: Candidates for this test are
reminded that applications must be re-
ceived by the Educational Testing Serv-
ice at least two weeks prior to. the test
date, Nov. 3, 1956. ApplicatIons and
general information bulletins on the
test are available at the Information
DeskinsRoom 150, School of Business
Mathematics Colloquium: Tues., Oct.
16, at 4:10 p.m., in Room 301 A. H. Dr
Malcolm Goldman will speak on "Struc-
ture Theorems for AW* Algebras."
Phi Delta Kappa. Members of Omega
chapter are reminded of the first fall
meeting at the Michigan Union, Tues.,
Oct. 16, at 6:00 p.m. Go through the
cafeteria line and carry your tray to
the University Club dining room. At
7:00 p.m., University Vice-President
william Stirton will give an illustrated
talk on his recent "Mission to Indo-
nesia." Short business meeting. Come
for the program even if you cannot be
there for dinner.
The following schools have vacan-
cies on their teaching staff at this time.
Battle Creek, Michigan-Junior High
Ferrysburg, Michigan-(near Grand
Haven)-Junior High Band.
Livonia, Michigan-Earty Elementary
(1st or 2nd grade); Later Elementary;
Junior High Math and Scdence; Junior
High English/Social Studies.
Manitowoc, Wisconsin -. English
(Grades 10 & 11).
New Lothrop, Michigan-Home Ec.;
Science/Math; Any field.
Milan, Michigan - Elementary Art;
Junior High Social Studies/English %
time/Recreation % time.
Saginaw, Michigan-Juniior High Band
(man); women's Physical, Education.
Skokie, Illinois-Niles Township Schools
-High School French.
For additional information contact
the Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Ad-
ministration Building, NO 3-1511, Ext.
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
SOME POLITICIANS are displaying a ten-
dency to forget that generalized criticism
of foreign policy can do the nation a disservice.
Almost every day someone criticizes the ad-
ministration for not settling world tensions
which nobody knows how to settle, and attri-
butes Communist successes to bad policy.
These criticisms are seldom accompanied
either by a bill of particulars or constructive
They can be picked up by America's enemies
abroad and used more effectively as propa-
ganda than can any criticism from outside.
rfH E COMMUNISTS know well how to take
such statements out of their context as
campaign generalizations and make it appear
there is widespread division in the United
The generalizations come about because there
is no fundamental difference between the par-
ties and the men who have administered the
RICHARD SNYDER, Editor
Incidentally, it is rather odd that, at this
stage of the campaign, there has been no major
speculation as to who might be Secretary of
State should Stevenson win.
But whoever is Secretary will be adminis-
tering a policy which has not been hand-
tailored to a preconceived theory, but which
has developed along with a world situation
which has not been of American making.
1HE REASON the politicians talk generalities
about foreign affairs goes back to this fact.
Constructive policy changes only can be pro-
duced by changes in this world situation.
Unless criticism is accompanied by sugges-
tions which bring about such changes, it is
New Books at the Library
Kennan George F.-Russia Leaves the War,
Soviet American Relations, 1917-1920. Vol. I;
Princeton, Princeton Univ. Press, 1956.
Keogh, James-This is Nixon; NY, Putnam,
Laune Seigniora Russell-Sand in my Eyes;
Phil. and NY, Lippincott, 1956.
Maier, William-The Wonderful Sibleys; NY,
Meagher, Joseph W. - The Tenement of
Dreams; Boston, Little Brown, 1956.
Mitford, Nancy, ed.-Noblesse Oblige; NY,
Picard, Jacob-,The Marked One and other
Stories; Phil, Jewish Pub. Soc., 1956.
Pritchett, V. S.-The Sailor, Sense of Humor
and other Stories; NY, Knopf, 1956.
Sagan, Francoise-A Certain Smile; NY,
Shellabarger, Samuel - Tolbecken; Boston,
Little Brown, 1956.
Strachey, John - Contemporary Capitalism;,
NY, Random, 1956.
Seforim, Mendele Mocher - The Parasite;
NY, T. Yoseloff, 1956.
Hadduri, Majid-War and Peace in the Law
of Islam; Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press, 1956.
Manchester, Wm.-Shadow of the Monsoon;
NY, Doubleday, 1956.
TALKING ON TELEVISION:
Television 'Performers' Find New 'Art'
GAIL GOLDSTEIN . .. ........ Personnel Director
ERNES1 THEODOSSIN.............Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK . .. Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN THOMAS ...........Features Editor
DAVID GREY.......................Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER . Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN HEILPERN ........ Associate Sports Editor
VIRGINIA ROBISATSON ...... . .... Women's Editor
JANE FOWLER ........... Associate Women's Editor
ARLINE LEWIS ............ Women's Feature Editor
VERNON SODEN...............Chief Photographer
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN .... Associate Business Manager
WILLIAM PUSCH............. Advertising Manager
CHARLES WILSON .>........Finance Manager
PATRICIA LAMBERIS .......... Accounts Manager
By LARRY EiNHORN
Daily Television Writer
The smell of the green stuff has
changed many a TV performer
from artist to pitchman. This does
not include the stars who sell their
own sponsor's products on their
own shows, for this is a natural
Some real old-timers may re-
member Vaughn Monroe when he
was a bandleader. Some may re-
member him as a singer. Those
with real good memories for short-
lived occurences may remember
him as the star of the first tri-
weekly national compatible color
But today Vaughn Monroe's
fame and fortune reay on the com-
mercials he does on other artist's
Joe E. Brown never quite made
it as an artist in television. But
you can see him now on all the
big shows pantomiming commer-
cials for "you know - the stuff
Very few people realize that Bet-
ty Furness started out wit haspi-
rations of being a great dramatic,
actress. She really wasn't think-
ing at that time about refrigera-
tors, stoves and air-conditioners.
Add Barbara Britton, Bill Lundi-
gan, Jimmy Nelson, Danny O'Day,
Farfel, Red Barber and The
Sportsmen to this ever-growing
You don't have to confine this
artist-pitchman transformation to
performers. It has spread to the
other arts. A baseball player now,
reaches the pinnacle of success
when he has pitched a no-hit
game, batted .400, hit 60 home runs
or talked to Mel Allen about the
light, regular or heavy.
Something here should be said
about Dorothy Collins. She went
from artist to pitchwoman to ar-
tist. If this starts a trend Miss Fur-
ness might someday be playing
Lady Macbeth in a giant TV spec-
tacular (not the "General Elec-
the showing of unsold pilot films.
A pilot film is a sample show of
a projected series which is pro-
duced to be presented to advertis-
ing agencies and sponsors with the
intent of selling the series. Pilot
films can cost anywhere from
$30,000 up because of the tremen-
dous expenses of writers, sets and
other production costs which has
to be spent on one half-hour film
instead of being amortized over 39
There are hundreds of these pi-
lot films which have been made
and are still unsold and unfor-
tunately the ones seen this summer
needed no explanation as to why
they were still unsold. However,
the idea of showing a different pi-
lot film every week is an excellent
one, for it can provide good enter-
tainment while at the same time
possibly create a sale.
A prospective sponsor may have
a completely different attitude to-
wards a program if he is sitting in
his own living room rather than
the Trendex ratings are an ac-
curate yardstick for measuring au-
dience interest in television pro-
grams it might be interesting to
note that Jackie Gleason has topp-
ed Perry Como on his first two
weeks of his live programs. This
is a feat which the filmed Glea-
son of last year couldn't perform.
Lawrence Welk continues to
dominate his Saturday night time
slot this year. He even managed to
edge out the strong competition of
Sid Caesar and the "Salute to Cole
Porter" last week.
Another ABC triumph, even
more surprising than Welk's, was
that of "Conflict" over Phil Sil-
INFLATION HAS hit the quiz
shows. Two new shows will offer
$250,000 as their top prize.
The new "Break The Bank" has
already started and it will take a
contestant about 25 successful
weeks to take home the quarter