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EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: CAROL PRINS
"How D'Ya Stand On The Dodgers And The Yanks?"
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IN A PROGRAM that ranged from middling good to debasing, Herva
Nelli, soprano and Claramae Turner, contralto, conducted a carni-
val-like contest of singing. And if a popular response is any criterion
of artistic accomplishment, Miss Turner won hands down.
Miss Turner, however, had two physical advantages over Miss
Nelli: a statuesque, appealing figure, and a powerfully rich voice.
This would have been more than enough. I suppose; but luckily
for some of us, Miss Turner also showed that she can sing.
She has excellent mastery of her voice: she can color it at Will,
shade off the dynamics subtly, or sing clearly at a steady pianis-
simo, and have it heard all over the auditorium.
Her voice is a warm contralto, rich in the middle register,
Unification of Europe
And Balance of Power
THE dream of the unification of Europe has
tickled the imagination of many men for
Last Sunday, in the New York Times Maga-
zine, historian Arnold Toynbee outlined the
problem and gave it historical perspective. Des-
cribing Europe as a headland on the Eurasian
continent and as North America's bridge to
Eurasia, Toynbee pointed to two shifts of power
affecting the status of Europe in today's world
of power politics. One, within what he calls
Western Christendom, has North America as-
suming the leadership of the Western World.
The second sees a shift of the predominance of
political power from Western Christendom to
the non-Western areas and a consequent dom-
ination of Europe by the non-Western nations.
The famed historian wrote that only by unit-
ing in a "body politic" can Europe regain suffi-
cient power to deal with Russia and North Am-
erica on equal terms, and retain her position
in world affairs.
Later in the week, Secretary of State Dulles
called for European unification, appealing for
a third great world power to oppose the ad-
vance of world communism. On the heels of
this came an announcement by the British gov-
ernment of plans to form a free trade area in
Europe and the Commonwealth as a challenge
to both American and Russian economic supre-
macy. This proposal, if carried out, could bring
tremendous economic strength and a high stan-
dard of living to many nations and vast num-
bers of people, besides being a vital step toward
CERTAINLY, it is in the best interests of
the United States to lend every assistance
and encouragement to this visionary but essen-
tial drive toward unification.
Since the end of World War II, the world
has seen a swift and dangerous polarization in
international politics, all power tending to con-
centrate around either the United States or
the Union of -Soviet Socialist Republics. The
war removed, at least temporarily, Britain,
France, Germany, Italy, China, and Japan from
their roles as major powers, leaving only the
United States and Russia in the field.
In recent years, a so-called neutralist bloc
has emerged. Though it is the object of the
wooing of the two major powers, it has not yet
assumed a place of critical importance in the
power struggle. The neutral nations are not in
a position to either prevent war between the
giants nor are they strong enough yet to be
the decisive factor by throwing their weight to
one side or another. Western technology still
has the lead over manpower in this race, though
the gap is fast closing.
There is a lesson to be learned from the
history of Europe 1815-1914, when the con-
stantly shifting balance of power among Ger-
many, Austria, France, Italy, Britain enabled
the nations to maintain a wavering and uneasy
but relatively effective peace. World War I
shook and World War II destroyed this balance.
Today, an effective deterrent to world war can
be established by the return to a balance of
power, on a world wide, instead of solely on a
European basis, eliminating the polarized sit-
uation in which we now find ourselves.
THIS necessitates the development of not just
a third great world power but a fourth, fifth,
and sixth, so that no combination of powers
can become strong enough to wage war on its
neighbors. What must come about is an evolu-
tion of a political structure on an intercontin-
ental level replacing the intra-European frame-
work. A world of subcontinental powers will
emerge, encompassing the Russian subcontin-
ent, the Indian subcontinent, the Chinese sub-
continent (if China can be broken away from
its ties with Russia - and with imaginative
thinking and action, there is every reason to
believe that it can), the American subcontinent,
the unified Arab league, possibly African and
South American unions when they feel the
pressure in the future.
Within this international political config-
uration a unified European subcontinent would
have its secure place, contributing to the main-
tenance of a peaceful and competitive coexis-
The obstacles to be overcome are many
and complex. With more than five hundred
years existence as separate national entities,
each with its own language ,political system,
economy, and temperament, the prospects for
unification, as Toynbee states, are far beyorndl
the horizon. The fight for survival, however,
could well force the nation-states to surrender
substantial portions of their sovereignty for the
greater good of all their peoples.
It would appear that all this is a logical
evolutionary progression from the nation-state
system to an arrangement of subcontinental
nations. Perhaps the final result, in the millen-
ium, will be world unity. Then, indeed, all men
may live as brothers.
eopyle E to Question Ike
By DREW PEARtSON
THE Madison Avenue boys who
are masterminding much of
Ike's campaign were surprised the
other day when they put up to him
the idea of answering questions
at a so-called "People's Press Con-
ference" on television,
The idea of the "People's Press
Conference" was hatched by
Young and Rubicam. They are
bringing a cross-section of people
in from various parts of the U.S.A.
to meet with the President and ask
him questions ranging from war
and peace to the high cost of
living. But the Y and R experts
figured the President would not
want to answer too many ques-
Much to their surprise, they
found he liked the idea, said he
didn't want to put any limit on
the type of questions asked.
The members of the "People's
Press Conference" group will be
hand-picked. They will be friendly
to the President. But nothing is
barred when they pop their ques-
* * *
ADLAI STEVENSON was touring
St. Louis. The crowds had been
tumultuous, the best he had had.
An enthusiastic crowd is good for
the ego and Adlai found the high
Beside him as he drove through
packed streets was Sen. Tom Hen-
nings of Missouri, who is running
for re-election. On one building,
Hennings spied a sign. It read:
"The St. Louis Silent Club."
"Adlai," said Hennings, "wouldn't
you and I like to join that club!"
"Maybe last election," he said.
"I was a rank amateur then. But
this time I'm learning."
* * *
JOE SMITH may be the idol of
the Democrats, but not the Demo-
crats on the House Appropriations
Committee. They want Joe Smith
fired as Commander of the Mili-
tary Air Transport Service, or
Their Smith is not exactly a
plain Joe. He's a Lieutenant Gen-
eral, with a yen for equipping
plush transport planes for the use
of other generals. When the con-
gressmen wanted pictures of these
plush interiors, Gen. Joe Smith
quickly classified them as "top
secret," thus making it impossible
for congress to use them.
"This is my service and Congress
isn't going to tell me how to run
it," Gen. Joe Smith was quoted
The appropriations committee
which votes the money for MATS,
and incidentally for Joe Smith's
salary, figures he may think dif-
ferently when they get through
with his budget.
* * *
SEN. ALBERT GORE of Ten-
nessee is making both political
parties peeved. That's the penalty
of being chairman of the com-
mittee to investigate campaign ?x-
penditures during an election year.
Though Gore is a Democrat, he
slapped a peremptory notice on the
chairman of the Pennsylvania
Democratic dinner for Adlai Stev-
enson in Harrisburg that he want-
ed a list of everyone buying 10
or more tickets to their $50-a-plate
shindig. The Democrats grumbled,
but-immediately brought their din-
ner list to Washington.
Gore also served notice on the
salute to Eisenhower dinners at
which $7,000,000 was raised last
winter that he wanted a similar
list of the chief guests and con-
tributors. This list was slow in
coming, but Gore managed to get
it-how, he won't say.
* * *
GORE is also looking into vari-
ous other campaigns, including the
Ohio race where Secretary of the
Treasury Humphrey, the big Cleve-
land industrialist, heads up the
"George Bender-for-Senator" race.
As a result of Humphrey's activity,
reports are current in Ohio that
businessmen who fail to contribute
to Bender will have their income
taxes probed.bHumphrey is in no
way responsible, but the rumors
are prevalent nonetheless.
Maybe it's for other reasons, but
the money is rolling into Bender's
Gore's probe of Ohio isn't going
to make him any more popular
* * *
A TIP for oyster lovers: The
Food and Drug Administration re-
ports that some oyster dealers are
adding plain tap water to contain-
ers of shucked oysters in order to
increase the weight.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
and even throughout except at the
steely whiteness. Even and clear,
that is, except her chest tone,
which has a peculiar quality,
"gutty" and vibrato laden. She
also loves to use these tones, with
Miss Nelli has an ordinary so-
prano voice. It is good in the
middle, but there is a definite
break between that portion and
the upper register. Her top notes,
sung at a forte were simply un-
What is worse, she displayed no
control of her voice: her attacks
in the upper register were sloppy.
She tended to slide into pitch, and
she swooshed up and down be-
tween the top and the middle
register as if she just couldn't help
Her dynamics- were frequently
sudden or an uneven undulation,
as if she were being controlled by
a pair of bellows. One couldn't
help but feel that her occasional
patches of lovely phrasing were
THE PROGRAM, unfortunately
limped to a start, with that dull
"Flower Duet" from that most un-
impressive of operas called Ma-
dame Butterfly. Both ladies tried
to warm up, primarily their voices,
not the duet.
Then Miss Turner sang some
songs. There was an old English
melody- "Come Let's Be Mrry",
two chansons by Debussy (deliv-
ered with a "chantoosy" pose), and
an aria from Rienzi (Wagner).
The results were satisfactory.
A group of songs by Miss Nelli
followed. If she failed to control
her voice adequately, she also
failed to display her good taste..
The first two songs, "Spirit Flow-
er" (Campbell-Tipton) and - "La
Partida" (F. Alvarez) were not
merely trivial, but the first was
mawkishly sentimental and of-
The rendition ,of Tosca's aria
"Vissi d'Arte" was the most vulgar
I have ever heard. It began at a
dead forte; and meandered aim-
lessly with musical phrases broken
not only by incontinent sobs but
unfortunate gasps for breath.
Thus the program proceeded the
rest of the way. The most gener-
ous ovations of the evening were
accorded Miss Turner in her per-
formance of an aria from Menot-
ti's The Medium and two ditties
from Carousel; "June is a-Bustin'
Out" and "You Never Walk Alone."
Perhaps these exemplify the ill-
organized musical goulash the
evning eventually turned out to
be. The numbers from Carousel
were delivered operatically, with
surprisingly poor diction.s
Miss Nelli sang two encores,
Miss Turner three. The final duet
from La Gioconda was recklessly
shouted as if Miss Turner were
challenging Miss Nelli to out-sing
her. She tried, and the result was
The Jackson Tragedy
The Daily Official Bunetin is an of-
ficial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility. No-
tices should be sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 3553 Administration
Building before 2 p.m. the day preced-
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1956
VOL. LXVII, NO. 14
Anyone who has rooms he would like
to rent to alumni on football weekends,
please contact the Union Student
Offices on weekdays from 3-5 p.m.
The General Electric Educational and
Charitable fund is offering 34 fellow-
ships for the academic year 1957-8.
Fields will include Physical Sciences,
Engineering, Industrial Management,
Arts and Sciences, and Law, and Busi-
ness. The stipend will be $1750 for a Fel-
low who is single, and a minimum of
$2500 for a married Fellow with chil-
dren. Tuition and fees are also paid.
Applications willnbecome available on
or around Nov. 1. Persons who are in-
tersted should come to the Office of the
Graduate School before Oct. 28 for in-
formation on taking the recommended
Graduate Record Examination on Nov.
Student Government Council.
Summary of action taken.
Meeting of Oct. 3
Heard: Reports on distribution of
out-of-order registration- passes and on
the Activities Handbook. Campus Chest
progress report. Acceptance of spring
drive recommendation by Campus Chest
Appointments a p p r o v ed: Herbert
Wander and Robert Knauss to fill the
two vacancies on Joint Judiciary Coun-
cil. Sara Gulette, to SGC Education
and Social Welfare Committee, and to
Religious Emphasis Week Committee.
Ron Shorr to SGC Public Relatios
Committee. Lewis Engman to Campus
Approved: Appointment of committee
to study and gather facts on the Com-
mittee on University Lectures and
Regents By-laws regarding outside
speakers, to report to the Council not
later than Oct. 17 with recommenda-
tions for further action. Committee to
be appointed by the Executive Com-
mittee. Composition, four students, at
least three to be from S.G.C.
Statement of position of SGC relating
to Sigma Kappa:
"If the Sigma Kappa national sorority
is found to have violated student regu-
lations pertaining to requirements for
recognition, these courses of action may
be open to that national . . . (1) rein-
statement of the two suspended chap-
tars and a clarification of their posi-
tion (2) disaffilation of the local chap-
ter from the national and its continu-
ation as a local sorority.
"Further, it is our opinion that rush-
ees should consider the local chapter
on the same basis as other sororities
on the University of Michigan campus,
and, if questions exist as to Sigma
Kappa's status, or membership policy
they should consult the chairman of
Panhellenic rushing counsellors, Dianne
Commended: Mrs. Elizabeth Leslie
Mrs. Betty Henry, Mrs. Kathleen Mead
for helping students in finding hous-
Disciplinary action .In cases of stu-
dent misconduct: At meetings held on
Sept. 25 and Oct. 2, 1956, cases involving
11 students were heard by the Joint
Judiciary Council. In all cases the ac-
tion was approved by the University
Sub-Committee on Discipline.
Violation of state laws and city ordi-
nances relating to the purchase, sale
and use of intoxicants:
a. Supplying intoxicants to a minor
and unlawfully removing Univer-
sity property: One student fined
$10.00 with $5.00 suspended.
b. Accepting intoxicants in viola-
tion of state law and unlawfully
removing University property. One
student fined $10.00 with $5.00
c. Appearing in public streets in a
drunk and disorderly fashion. One
vehicle. One student fined $15.00.
d. Possessing intoxicants in a motor
vehicle. One student fined $15.00
e. Possessing, as minors, Intoxicant
in a motor vehicle. Three students
f. Drinking, as minors, in student
quarters and accepting intoxicants
in violation of state law. Two stu-
dents fined $10.00.
g. Drinking in student quarters and
acting in a drunk fashion in a
public place. One student fined
a. Violation of University automo-
bile regulations. One student fined
Makeup Examination in Economics
51, 52, 53, and 54, Mon. Oct. 15, 2:00-5:00
p.m., in Room 2C Economics Building.
Please leave your name with the Sec-
retary of the Department.
Law School Admission Test: Applica-
tion blanks for the Nov. 10, 1956 admin-
istration of the Law School Admission
Test are now available at 122 Rackham
Building. Application blanks are due
i- Prin_4-.,-. . 7_ n.4- n4- .. tth an ..
top, where she tends sometimes to a
EVIDENCE indicates that an investigation of
the Jackson construction tragedy will ex.
pose a detestable truth of supervisory negli.
gence or architectural incompetency.
This much is known. Four dead have been
removed. Six others are known to be buried.
Fifteen other workers are hospitalized, one-
third of them seriously injured. More casualties
may be found.
These men met death and injury when the
four-floor skeleton of a steel and concrete
structure collapsed sending laborers and 4,000
tons of reinforced concrete tumbling into the
No veteran construction foreman on the -
scene could recall a similar catastrophe in the
history of reinforced concrete construction.
Such a rarity cannot be dismissed by labeling
it a "just one of those things" accident.
WHILE no explanations of the tragedy were
forthcoming from the contractor, men on
the job had opinions as to the cause:
Frank Herlihy, president of the contracting
search out the cause of the collapse.
collapse. He, with his associate engineers, had
inspected the half-completed framework only
ten minutes before it buckled. They had found
nothing disturbing he said.
.Workers thought they knew the cause and
didn't hesitate to express themslves - a con-
struction 'speed up' they said. One laborer at-
tacked the speed-up, charging that "It is com-
mon masonry practice to wait at least 28 days
before pouring one floor on top of another that
is still setting."
Herlihy informed the Daily that he had
waited "ten days", a sufficient time in his es-
George Berry, Jr., whose father is entombed
in the rubble, claimed disgustedly. "The forms
were removed from the concrete when it was
still wet, leaving 'green', soft concrete pillars
to support the entire fourth floor."
"Excessive" was what Berry called the
101/2" of concrete poured around the steel joices.
James Eley, whose father was dead on ar-
rival at Mercy Hospital, told that two days be-
fore the tragedy his father had complained to
RICHARD SNYDER............. ........... Editor
him that "work is going too fast and the ce-
ment is not ready."
IT SEEMS that these workers have a story to
tell the investigating body or jury that will
search out the cause of the collapse.
If the 101" of concrete was excessive for
the skinny steel joices, then Black and Black,
architects of the building must be responsible
If work was steamrolled, without due cau-
tion in regards to green cement, then the blame
must be shouldered by the Herlihy Co. Evi-
dence now available supports this conclusion.
It appears that a contractor, in his attempt
to meet a completion deadline (Herlihy ad-
mitted he was behind schedule), disregarded
human safety considerations for business obli-
There is particular significance in this
story for college students. Because of our de-
grees, we will be the decision makers and con-
tractors in the business world of the future.
Dilemmas of human considerations versus ma-
terial gain will confront us.
Our decisions will determine the climate of
JAMES ELSMAN Jr.
The Unsung Heroes
THREE million dollars worth of building
crashed to the ground four miles out of
Jackson, Wednesday. Construction workers
were killed, others injured. The choking dust
of the building's rubble covered the scene.
But through the gray dust, a volunteer re-
lief corps stood by.
They manned the food lines, the blanket
lines. Supplying the thousands of workers,
press, and authorized onlookers with food and
cigarettes. They stood for uncounted hours
wrapping shivering rescue workers in quickly
found blankets, assisting them onto improvised
benches, they asked no thanks, no rewards.
Voluntarily on hand at the time of need,
the Red Cross, Armed Forces, Civilian Defense
Corps, and numerous other organizations
proved ready to assist.
Through the long night, 63 inmates of Jack-
son State Prison selflessly worked in the des-
perate search to uncover the bodies of six men
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Presidential Candidates Draw Comment
New Santy Claus . . .
To the Editor:
YES, Miss Bryan, there is a
Santa Claus-his name is Adlai
Stevenson. He is indeed all things
to all "thinking" men-his "vision"
leads him to call for the curtail-
ment of hydrogen bomb tests, a
position disastrous to our national
defense as well as destructive to
the plans for peaceful use of nu-
clear energy; his. "intelligence"
possesses him to advocate discon-
tinuance of the draft at a time
when the free world depends on
our military support; his "prospec-
tive" induces him to deal with Jake
Arvey, Dick Daley, Harry Truman
and Tammany Hall in order to
gain political prominence; and his
"greatness," as clearly shown by
his one-term, mediocre governor-
ship of Illinois, fittingly qualifies
him as the Democratic candidate
for the Presidency.
It is indeed evident that Ann
Arbor "has its share of people who
don't think," when only 4000 turn
out to pay tribute to the three
term governor of New York, who
had to win the votes of the work-
er, the farmer, the 1st generation
American, the small businessman,
and the minority groups in order
to give New York 12 years of effec-
tive, socially minded, well admin-
But, as you say, Miss Bryan,
tion, interposition, isolation, and
Indeed, as you stated, Miss
Bryan, the essential reason for the
University's existence is to "de-
velop the individual students
ability to think, with some propec-
tion about the world." But, is it
not implicit in this statement, that
a further function of the university
is to prepare the student for the
battle with the "exigencies of life
in the asphalt jungle," rather than
to fill them with false hopes and
high-sounding platitudes, and can
this best be done without teaching
the student to look to a man's
deeds rather than his words, and
to look to political realities rather
than political promises?
-Donald Lee Reisig, '58L
To the Editor:
AM completely aware of the
editorial policy of the Daily, i.e.,
I know that editorials reflect only
the individual opinion of the
writer. I refer specifically to Ed-
ward Geruldsen's editorial of Sept.
30 entitled "Stevenson Not Quali-
fied to Replace Eisenhower." Un-
questionably the writer is entitled
to hold this opinion and, because
of the supreme importance of the
current campaign, a place to ex-
press it. But he should not be
affairs . \" As to the latter the
truth is as follows:
1941-Became Assistant to Secre-
tary of the Navy where, in war
time, he earned the highest serv-
ice award given to civilians and
saw most of the combat areas.
1943-Chief of Economic Mission
to Italy to plan relief and re-
1944-Member of Air Force Mission
1945-Special Assistant to Secre-
tary of State and spokesman for
U.S. delegation at UN Charter
Conference in San Francisco.
U.S. Minister in London and
Chief delegate to UN Prepara-
tory Commission. As Senior Ad-
visor and as a Delegate, he
played a key role in organizing
the United Nations.
1946-Senior advisor to U.S. dele-
gation, first session of UN in
1947-U.S. alternate delegate to
TN in New York where, having
recognized and publicly con-
demned the threat of Commun-
ism as early as 1926, he was one
of the first U.S. negotiators to
meet and oppose Soviet expan-
1953-1955-He traveled around the
world, particularly in the Far
East, South Asia, the Middle
East, Africa and Europe, gaining
first-hand knowledge of the
1922-1925-Studied law at Harvard
and Northwestern and worked
on newspaper in Illinois.
1933-34-Worked in agricultural
Adjustment Administration in
Washington gaining an intimate
knowledge of farm problems
during the depression.
1935-1941--Practiced law in Chi-
1948-1952-Elected Governor of
Illinois by largest plurality in
history of state.
His factual accomplishments
while Governor aren:
1. Without increasing general
taxes, he reduced the State budget
and debt, doubled State aid to
schools, raised teachers' salaries
and improved retirement benefits.
2. Dropped 1,300 patronage em-
ployees and fired 10,000 politically
appointed game wardens.
3. Took State Police out of
politics and put them under a
strict merit system.
4. Plugged tax loopholes, sav-
ing millions of dollars.
5. Opened door for first consti-
tutional revision in half a century.
6. Ordered hundreds of anti-
gambling raids, smashed cigarette
stamp counterfeiters, cracked
down on slot machine operators.
7. Turned Illinois system of
mental hospitals from a national
scandal into one of the nation's
A ,,t*a +1h f.q