EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
'We Don't Want Any More Magazines!"
'hen Opinions Are Free,
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of'the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.
Y, JANUARY 20. 1956
NIGHT EDITOR: MARY ANN THOMAS
GOP Administration Record
Shows No Basis for Change,
HOWEVER intently the national stethoscope
is trained on the heartbeats of President
Eisenhower, and whatever next month's medi-
cal verdict will be, a review of the past four
years' achievements is in order. Democrat
predictions of the "I can do better" variety in-
crease the need for such a review.
Eisenhower's administration gives cause for
serious doubt that Democrats, now sharpen-
ing their political claws in anticipation, could
do it better. The simple question remains:
Culminating his more than satisfactory White
House term is Ike's forecast of a balanced
budget for fiscal 1957. The budget showvs every
prospect of materializing and netting a drasti-
STATEMENT of the need to "sustain the un-
precedented prosperity" Republicans and
Democrats alike now enjoy is one budget mes-
sage highlight. That the prosperity is un-
precedented can't be denied. Employment lev-
els, guided by Eisenhower's astute middle-of-
the-road policies, have reached a peak un-
approached by any previous administration.
At best the Democrats in Chicago this sum-
mer can promise to maintain the present eco-
nomic level. They can do this only by a policy
of moderation directly imitating Ike's. Again
the question: why change? It's hard to en-
vision any improvement of the present level.
Ike's policy, not excluding the efforts of
Mr. Dulles, has averted a recurrence of out-
and-out international conflict. No world fig-
ure today commands greater respect than Eis-
enhower does, and it's a safe guess that even
if Ike himself could not run again, his, suc-
cessor would well maintain his policies.
ANOTHER POINT to Eisenhower's credit is
the achievement of a rare balance between
interests of industry and labor. Traditional
claims that he is pro-big business simply be-'
cause Republicans are supposed to favor man-
agement are without much foundation. Cer-
tailly labor factions can't claim that their
interests -in the past four years have been
thwarted, nor that a Democrat administration
could better serve them.
Accusations aimed at Eisenhower's agricul-
tural policies don't consider the time needed
to bring the policies to fruition. Culmination
of the soil bank program will offer considerable
aid for the farm situation. The delicate bal-
ance between agricultural supply and demand,
still painfully out of proportion, can be ad-
justed by adherence to Republican outlines.
Opposition demands for tax cuts seem to
gloss over the fact the reductions would erase
the surplus now made possible by Ike's bal-
anced budget plans. For purposes of reducing
the national debt, such a surplus is needed
EISENHOWER has shown, too, an acute per-
ception of the needed financial ratio be-
tween domestic welfare spending and heavy
continued outlay for defense and foreign aid.
Only recently has the country been in position
to concentrate on needed internal improve-
ments, and the present administration has
shown signs of being best able to meet the
Ike's moderation has admittedly made ,him
a people's president more than the traditional
stereotype of a GOP figurehead. But since
Eisenhower has come in under Republican aus-
pices, and bettered both his party's and the
nation's position in the bargain, there seems
little reason why he-or a candidate following
his principles-shouldn't be re-elected.
--JANE HOWARD, Daily Associate Editor
Why Doesn't Business
School Use Evaluations?
F ACULTY EVALUATIONS are a good idea--
so good, in fact, that it is lamentable the
School of Business Administration has failed
to implement them. -
Both the literary college and the engineer-
ing college have recently completed faculty
evaluations. In the literary college the project
is .faculty-sponsored; the engineering council
initiated their evaluation program.
Faculty evaluations not only provide the
faculty with some indication of the effective-
ness of courses and teaching methods, they
serve as a valuable stimulus to students. They
are beneficial to both groups.
It is surprising neither faculty nor students
of the business school have evidenced any in-
terest in an evaluation program.
The business administration council is an
obvious group to initiate faculty evaluations.
Sponsorship of the evaluations would help
justify the existence of a body which serves,
in the eyes of many students, little worthwhile
purpose. More than that, it would be a ser-
vice to both faculty and students of the school.
BILLY MITCHELL was a sort of military visionary who had a great
deal of sense about the importance of aviation in warfare. "The
Court Martial of Billy Mitchell" shows the world how maligned and
misunderstood he was by the U.S. Army at the time of his trial a
few years after the first World War.
The facts may be true and certainly Mitchell did much to make
the nation realize the position of the Air Service, as it was then called.
But the film stacks it all one way. The Army and the government
are portrayed, collectively and individually, as the meanest, slimiest
gang of black-hearted villians since Blackbeard the pirate and his mob.
A LITTLE FAIRNESS, gentlemen, please. If Mitchell was right
in his long range ideals it still doesn't make the Army lessright in their
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
No Time to Waste
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Soviet Formula and Ours
By WALTER LIPPMANN
Sees Healthy Attitude .. .
To the Editor:
"IS Administration Ignoring Re-
ality on Faculty?" The Daily,
Jan. 15, answers firmly, "Yes."
Now the absence of public contro-
versies in the University family
means no headlines in the press,
no melodrama in the class room,
but it does not establish "exten-
sive suppression or unpopular
ideas," apathy, complacency, or
Over the past twenty-eight
months I have participated with
the Administrative Staff, Faculty,
Alumni and students in discussion
meetings, large and small, in "off
the record" conversations and con-
sultations. Never have I noted the
least tinge of protective coloring in
the factuly, nor the hostile admin-
istrative environment that might
induce it. Apparent were con-
structively critical attitudes toward
the needs of the University, free-
dom of discussion thereof, and
dedication by all to the improve-
ment of Michigan.
The Daily underestimates faculty
integrity and courage in assuming
that intimidation would be allowed
to exist for a year and a half. It
under-rates the students in as-
suming that the non-vocal major-
ity seeks-not fundamental truths
and their use in independent
thinking-butsthe easier indoctri-
nation with the private opinions
of their instructors. It ignores the
reality of an administration that
makes no secret of its dependence
upon its faculty, nor of its proud
Tremendous problems lie ahead
for all educational institutions. I
am grateful for the Faculties and
Administration of Michigan who,
in the present time, of decision and
preparation, scorn to waste efforts
in public controversies and pink
-Margaret Henckel Emery, '31L
To The Editor:
A RECENT anonymous letter to
The Daily bemoaned the hesi-
tancy on the part of University
students to take definite stands on
political questions. It is perhaps
unfortunate that the disillusioned
freshman from the rigid small
town will not find here the excite-
ment and drama of controversy
which he had so anxiously antici-
pated. However, this is not due to
"the lack of political alertness of
University students," but rather to
the sobering of their attitudes
caused by the examination to
which their traditional beliefs are
In the Detroit high school which
I attended, every student had a
definite point of view on political
questions, which they noisily
spouted as the exigencies of argu-
mentrequired. It was easy; one
had merely to critically examine
the facts on both sides of an issue
to find the truth. Thus my fellow
high school students were capable
of exchanging their own brand
of ignorance on a wide variety of
At the University students have
begun to appreciate the true com-
plexity of life and of political is-
sues. Although there is social pres-
sure to hold a personal philos-
ophy so that one may be thought
intellectual, students have tem-
pered their desire to conform to
this with the intelligent skepti-
cism which their sincerity de-
mands of them. That a person
shows outward uncertainty does
not mean that he is not thinking
deeply inwardly,,experiencing ang-
uish at man's finite intelligence.
The "impassive attitude on cam-
pus" is rather a realistic recogni-
tion of the students' limited ex-
perience and of their intellectual
--Perry Cohen, '59
Want More Figures,...
To the Editor:
THE article on the yearly cost
survey for students at the Uni-
versity appearing on the front page
of Sunday's Daily is incomplete
No figures are given for the costs
of either men or women living in
co-operatives, although Mr. Marks
states that this information was
included in the survey.
As-co-op members we would like
to know what these statistics are.
Furthermore, we think that many
other students would be interested
in a comparison of co-op student
costs with the rest of the campus.
Conspicuously absent, too, is any
data on independent students, all
those not associated with a cam-
pus housing group. The Daily
has an obligation to its subscrib-
ers to print available information.
--Paul U. Strauss, '58
Art Wilner, Grad
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The cost survey
did not include statistics on students
in non-University sponsored housing.
Average cost for instate, women
living in co-ops was $968 per year,
with a range of $750 to $1,305. For
out-state women in co-ops, the aver-
age was $1,270, ranging from $1,080
Ninety per cent of the women living
in coops work during the school year.
All of those sampled work during
There were no statistics available
for men living in co-ops.)
Liked Edit ...
To the Editor:
ALLOW ME to congratulate you
for your plain speech in the
fine editorial, "Congressional Red
Hunters Back in Style Again."
It is unfortunate that the New
York Times didn't exhibit the
courage they talk so glibly about.
Keep up the good work.
-R. F. Burlingame.
official legalities at the time. The
Is It 'Art'?
C URRENTLYON exhibit at the
Alumni Memorial Hall galler-
ies are 60 Swedish Children's
paintings - age 7 - 14. These
paintings are owned by the Swed-
ish National Museum which, since
1923, has acquired several hundred.
The exhibit is circulated by the
Smithsonian Institution Traveling
Exibition Service and is sponsored
by the Swedish Embassy.
Central to elementary art edu-
cation is the idea that the child
is a child and should be encourag-
ed to express himself accordingly,
and not as an adult. By allowing
this liberal expression it is hoped
that an awakening of the child's
powers of thought and perceptions
The question as to whether this
is "art" often arises. As Director
of the Art Museum Jean Paul
Susser indicates,; "Child Art is not
strictly art since art presupposed
some consciousness or craft."
However child art is the ienesis of
an art, the embryo of the adult
definitions of art. We may say
then that child art is art, but .to
a lesser degree than adult art.
* * *
DEFINITIONS OF "ART" being
as numerous as they are ,one may
add this as another elenent to the
growing cult of controversy which
has grasped the University of late.
A misconception to be dispelled
is that child art is synonymous
with primitive art. Evenrthough
children may be called "primitives
in our midst", the elements of con-
trol, and of fine, mature crafts-
manship are not present as they
are in primitive art.
Child art played an important
role in the development of modern
art in the last decade of the 19th
and early 20th century. It was the
two dimensional aspects of child
art; its decorative quality; its
subconscious expressions and sim-
plicity of form which influenced
such Titans, as Mattise, Paul Klee;
Henri Rousseau and Marc Chag-
THIS CHILD art is good art be-
cause: in the simplicity of its ap-
proach it realizes the essence of
the idea or object intended; it is
an endeavor which extends rath-
er than receives the art; and most
important it has a feeling for the
human scale which has become so
acutely absent in much of modern
There is feeling in various art
coteries that art has become
drenched in plastic values and has
started to stagnate due to formal-
It is evident that contemporary
art needs a catharsis-something
that will swing the pendulum back
to that feeling for the human
scale. Good art must have the dis-
cipline of a philosophy if it is to
have the efficacy of a religion.
-Thomas F. Bernaky
poor Army and U.S. Government,
right up to a scene with old Cal
Coolidge himself, are painted pret-
ty black. They are out for Billy's
blood, it seems, and when they
finally get it, the audience is ready
to boo, hiss and throw foodstuffs
at anything wearing an army uni-
Gary Cooper plays Billy the-way
he plays anyone else. His tough
and tight-lipped colonel is not
much different from his tough
and tight-lipped sheriff in "High
Noon" although a little less enter-
taining. Charles Bickford blasts
his way through the role of Gen-
eral Guthrie, head of the court,
and Elizabeth Montgomery as the
widow of a navy flier simpers real
It is Rod Stieger, as a menacing
prosecutor at the trial, who steals
the show. He is most entertaining,
and his big scene, in which he
fires cunning questions at Cooper
who is simultaneously suffering an
attack of malaria, is easily the best
in the film, both for excitement
* * *
THERE ARE ALSO actors por-
traying Douglas MacArthur, Cal-
vin Coolidge, Fiorello LaGuardia,
and other luminaries. They look a
lot like the men they are supposed
to be and do little else.
"The Court Martial" is about as
unfair to the Army as they seem to
be to Billy Mitchell.
THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be inl
by 2 p.m. Friday.
FRIDAY, JANUARY 20, 1956
VOL. LXVII, NO. 81
Art Print Loan Collection: All prints
must be returned to 510 Administration
Building (basement) by Fri., Jan. 20.
Hours: 8-12 and 1-5.
There will be a fine of 25c per day
after Friday and credit will be with-
held until picture is returned.
Professional Qualification Test (for
National Security Agency): Applica-
tion blanks for the Feb. 11 administra-
tion of the Professional Qualification
Test are now available at 110 Rackham
Building.nApplication blanks are due
in Princeton, N. J. not later than Feb.
Veterans receiving education and
training allowance unier Public Law
550 need only one set of instructors
signatures for Jan.-Feb. 11 (end of se-
mester). Those signaturesemust be
obtained after each final eamination
or when course work is completed
where no final examination is given.
The Dean's Monthly Certification is to
be turned in to Dean's office as soon
as finals are completed.
Monthly Certification, VA Form VS
1996a, must be signed in the Office of
Veterans' Affairs, 555 Administration
Building, between Jan. 25 and Feb. 1.
Library hours during the examination
period and between semesters:
The General Library will be open until
10 p.m. on Saturdays, Jan. 21 and Jtan.'
28, to allow opportunity for study befor
The customary Sunday schedule will
be maintained Jan. 22 and Jan. 2:.
Service will be offered In the Main
Reading Room, the Periodical Reading
Room, the First Floor Study Hal, and
at the Circulation desk from 2 p.m.
to 6 p.m. Books fromother parts of
the building which are needed for.
Sunday use will be made available in
the Periodical Reading Room if requests
are made by Saturday in the reading
room where the books are usually
shelved. The Social Science Study Ha.ll
will be open Sun., Jan. 22 and Jan. 29
from 7-10 p.m. as usual. Additional
service will be available both Sundays
in Angell Hall Study Hall, 7-10 p.m. and
in the Listening Room at 417 Mason
Hall, 1-5 p.m.
A,number of hours have been added
to the week-day schedule of the Listen-
ing Room. The following hours will be
observed during the examination per-
iod: Fri., Jan. 20: 4-6 p.m., 7-10 p.m.;
Sat., Jan. 21 and Jan. 28: 9 a.m.-12 m.,
1-6 p.m.; Mon., Jan. 23 and Jan. 30: 2-4
p.m., 7-10 p.m.; Tues. through Fri., Jan.
24-Jan. 27: 1-6 p.m., 7-10 p.m.; Tues.
and Wed., Jan. 31 and Feb. 1: 1-4 p.m.,
The General Library will be closed
evening beginning Thurs., Feb. 2 and
will be open daily except Sat, and
Sun. from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Feb. 2
through Feb. 1. Regular hours will be
resumed Feb. 13.
Divisional libraries will be on short
schedules as soon as the examinatiorn
MR. BULGANIN has now addressed himself
to the Latin American countries, using the
same formula with which the Soviet Union is
operating in the dViddle East and South Asia.
It is fair to say that our own corresponding
policy is unsettled, what with the strong op-
position 'represented by Senator George and
Senator Knowland, what with the weakness of
our general position in the so-called uncom-
mitted regions of Africa and Asia. We are at
the beginning of a long debate in which we
shall in-fact be attempting to form a policy
that works abroad and is approved here at
In the Bulganin interview for the Latin
Americas we can see more clearly than any-
where else what in fact we are up against in
the Soviet challenge to the influence of the
In the under-developed countries the basic
formula of the Soviet operation is not foreign
aid but managed trading. They do not profess
to be giving anything for nothing. They rath-
er prefer, except in unusual cases, to make it
clear that they are not giving away anything.
What they talk about is the exchange of their
own manufactured goods for the agricultural
products and raw materials of which the Latin
Americans, the Asians and the Africans have
surpluses. From Egypt they have taken cotton,
of which there is a glut, in payment for arms
and other manufactured goods. From Burma
they are taking rice. From Cuba they are
taking sugar, from the Argentine livestock, and
so on and so on.
THE FACT that their dealings almost always
appear as two-way transactions has enor-
mous political value. Congress may dislike
giving aid. But the best and proudest nations
hate to be the recipients of aid. The Soviet
formula is for them ever so much more self-
respecting. It means, moreover-, -that they do
not have uo deal with nurse maids and chaper-
ons in the form of missions and visiting Con-
gressmen who come to inspect and supervise
the use they make of our bounty.
To cap the climax, the Soviet operating for-
mula does not do what Senator Knowland
would have us do - namely, to demand the
signature to a military alliance as the price
of receiving foreign aid. In fact the Soviets
make hay by proclaiming that they are not
demanding just what Senator Knowland de-
mands. This makes dealing. with the Soviets
doubly attractive in these countries. For it
enables them to play off the Soviets against
the West, getting favors from both, aligning
themselves completely with neither.
The Soviet formula has three main elements.
The first is the ability of the Communist orbit
to absorb and to use surplus food and raw
materials. There seems to be no visible limit
to that. The second element is the capacity
of the Soviet Union to export arms and manu-
factured goods not only to China but to the
countries beyond the frontiers of the Com-
munist orbit. That capacity is presumably still
quite limited. But if the sixth five-year plan,
recently announced, is fulfilled as we may ex-
pect it will. be, the Soviet capacity to export
will be very considerable. The third element is
that the Soviet Union's political interest is not
to make allies of the Arabs and the Hindus but
to neutralize them as allies of the West.
IN COMPETING against the Soviets using
this formula, we can whenever we make up
our minds to do it, de-emphasize the military
pacts. That will pain Senator Knowland. But
it would be the part of wisdom. As to the se-
cond element, there is of course no question of
our capacity to export manufactured products
and capital goods. The real difficulty is what
to take in return, how to be paid if at all.
For broadly speaking, the United States and
the Western nations have surpluses of al-
most every agricultural product and raw mater-
ial that the under-developed countries are
trying to sell.
Yet, inasmuch as the Soviet Union is will-
ing to take a substantial part of the surplus
in any particular under-developed country, it
will be able to play a very important role in
the industrial development of that country.
That will of course, carry with it political in-
" ,o nrhlm fn, lie a"Afn fa f r
FROM THE OTHER SIDE:
Athletics Prove Prison Necessity
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The importance of a prison recreation pro-
gram is the final article in a series of six concerning our American
prison problem. Present inmate Earl Gibson is the author.)
By EARL GIBSON
"GOLDEN LIONS 27 GRAND RAPIDS 6" and "Rockets Losc to Ann
Arbor Blue Front-78-66" are samples of headlines found every
year on the sports page of the prison newspaper.
As the general public reads these headlines they are inclined to
comment on the organized sports in prison. "Why, they have an
athletic department as large and as well equipped as that in a small
college!" one reader commented.
Probably one of the easiest tasks is finding commendation in the
idea behind an expansive, well-run athletic program in prison.
Varsity and intramural sports, baseball, football, tennis, horse-
shoes, handball, boxing, basketball, track and field meets, coupled with
volleyball, chess and checkers, and the ever-present domino games, all
play a part in the recreation program of the large prison. Is it
pampering? That is the common accusation, but let's look at recrea-
tion in prison from two points of view: that of the administration and
that of the inmate.
The administration views recreation as part of its treatment pro-
confined men blow off steam over an umpire's decisions, or over a
referee's wrong ruling, rather than blowing the proverbial top in an
isolated cell over a green guard's ignorance to the ways of prison.
An example is cited by an old-time officer. "In winter months,
when the men spend long hours in the cells, they are always restless on
Sunday nights and holiday evenings. But during the spring, summer
and fall, after they have been at football or baseball games the blocks
are quiet at nights. They are ready to sleep and present no disciplin-
ary problems." These comments need no enlargement for the reader
familiar with group psychology.
Let's quote two inmates for their views:
Eddie is an eighteen year-old baseball player, pointed out by a
visiting coach last summer as a likely prospect for the major leagues.
He says, "I like baseball and have been a fan since I was a kid. I
played on a sandlot team in Kalamazoo but drifted away from it be-
cause we always got chased off the lot. I leave on parole next month
and have got a job with a company sponsoring a team. I'll not be
back here, you can bet on it."
BOB IS A TWENTY-SIX-YEAR-OLD football player, a veteran of
two years on the varsity Golden Lions. He says, "I never played on
any team before and learned all my football here in prison. I've