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January 18, 1956 - Image 10

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1956-01-18

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Prof. McArtor Forms New Displays

Language Institute Broadens
English For Foreign Students


-Daily-Sam Ching


trumpeter in the picture of a court
Easy to Identify
Through the use of this addi-
tional information, instruments
may be more easily identified and
seen as a unified collection. "The
musical instruments are reflected
in the music itself;" Prof. McAr-
tor said.
The theme of the present dis-
play is the development of the
trumpet from ivory cylinder to
brass tube.
There is a plan to change the
case every three or four months
with harpsichords featured in the
next exhibit.
Instruments Inlaid
A curious mixture of intricate
oddities, the collection is unknown
to many on campus. Many of the
instruments are inlaid with pearl
and mosaic, and decorated with
Metal horns are fashioned as
legendaryhbeasts. In contrast to
their age, several stringed pieces
resemble streamlined products of
the twentieth century. Outstand-
ing among the instruments is an
early seventeenth century spinetta,
similar to the harpsichord. At
present, it is the only keyboard
instrument in the collection in con-
dition to be used for performance.
Primarily, the emphasis is on
primitive, brass and woodwind
Future plans call for the instal-
lation of lights in two of the cases
and for the reconditioning of most
of the instruments; re-varnishing,
repairing cracks, and cleaning.
The collection may be visited
only while the building is open for
public concerts and lectures.
Honorary Elects
Eta Kappa Nu, Electrical En-
gineering Honorary Society recent-
ly elected the following officers:
Richard S. Maslowski '56E, pres-
ident; Jerry G. Wright 156E, vice-
president; Ralph Wiese '56E, re-
cording secretary; David Blair
'56E, treasurer and Chung Jeu
'56E, BRIDGE correspondent.

After class, Prof. Charles Fries
or Robert Lado can be found ex-
plaining to students, "No, there
would be ambiguity there, wheth-
er you say, 'blushed red' or 'blush-
ed redly.' No difference at all in
They put a '3' or '4' over, ad-
verbs or nouns shown on the black-
board, according to their position
or use in a certain phrase,
This is all part of the University
English Language Institute's broad,
but concentrated, system of teach-
ing English to foreign students.
Linguistic Bible
Back in 1925, when Edward Sap-
ir published "Sound Patterns in;
Language," which Prof. Fries says
is "sort of the Bible for Linguis-
tics," more and more people be-
came interested in linguistics sci-
ence and several more books were
Prof. Fries was very much a
part of the "dramatic advances in'
linguistics science in succeeding
years" and knew outstanding men
in the field, like Sapir.
In 1938, Prof. Fries says he be-
gan "To deal with the kind of
backgroundinvestigation neces-
sary for handling English as a
foreign lngag.
Many people had already rea-
lized how much more important
speaking and hearing a foreign
tongue was than merely writing
and memorizing it.
Art on Display
At Art Institute
The Detroit Institute of Arts re-
cently received a large gift of
Mexican, Central and South Amer-
ican antiquities.
A Peruvian mask of thin ham-
mered gold and two Toltec Indian
stone masks are part of the gift
which includes sculptures, ceram-
ics, textiles and metal objects of
the pre-Columbian era.
An example of ancient Peruvian
craftsmanship is a pottery model
of a prison with guards at the
door and a prisoner inside receiv-
ing the gift of a chicken from a
friend at the window.
From Mexico are a stone fig-
ure, masks, an effigy urn and a
pottery stamp.
Also on "current display is an
exhibition of clay vessels of pre-
historic Indians of the mound-
builder culture. Members of the
Aboriginal Research Club, Detroit,
excavated the pottery in Wayne,
Macomb, Newago and Delta coun-
All of the pieces excavated are
complete, or nearly so, and some
were dug up intact.
Among the unusual shapes is a
large cylindrical jar with ornate
upper edge, resembling an umbrel-
la stand, that has been described
as the Indians' "deep freeze"
which was buried in the ground
with only the top exposed and used
to store grain and other food.

But Prof. Fries wanted to go
farther than this; he said that
unless "a scientific descriptive an-
alysis was used as basis for the
teaching materials," the student
would receive inefficient training.
What he did was "take the lin-
guistic signals in the native lan-
guage and compare them with
linguistic signals in the foreign
language to find out what the
problems would be in learning that
foreign language."
He wrote several pamphlets and
books on this idea, and has writ-
ten many more, such as "Teach-
ing and Learning English as a
Foreign Language."
"We misjudge some things," he
says, "because the problems we
discovered turn out to be unbe-
lievably difficult for the student."
First Intensive Course
In 1941, Prof. Fries offered the
first intensive course in English
as foreign language in a Univer-
sity summer school session.
Encouraged by the Rockefeller
Foundation and the Department
of State, which wanted soldiers to
learn foreign languages quickly,
Prof. Fries began handling courses
all through the school, year in
1943 and has ever since.
He is now Director of the Eng-
lish Language Institute, which be-
came separate from the Linguis-
tics department, and deals only
with teaching English to students
or aspiring teachers of English in
foreign countries.
Born in Florida
Lado, who was born in Florida,
but lived in Spain for twenty years,
came to this country for his col-
lege education.
In' 1945, he came to the Univer-
sity to work in the field of Eng-
lish as a foreign language, and is
now Assistant Director of the In-
"Although I'm known as a test
man, I don't want to be," he says.,
He does most of the initial work
in making up English proficiency
"These are sent to all the for-

eign countries which deal in any
way with the United States-this
excludes only Russia, of course,"
he says.
Preliminary Test
Prospective students of English
take a preliminary test.
If they pass that, they go on to
the proficiency test, and receive
a Certificate for English proficien-
cy if they pass that one. Then
they may come to the University
for an eight-weeks' course or
twelve-weeks' course.
The tests cost $5.00 per student.
This money goes into a trust fund
which supplies funds for the suc-
ceeding year's courses.
"The University is a well-known
name in countries such as Indo-
nesia, Persia, Japan, Turkey or
Egypt," Lado says, "with these pro-
ficiency tests."
Many of the students who come.
here are noted people, such as
atomic engineers, the Secretary of
Justice from Peru, and professors
of English and Sociology at the
University of Puerto Rico.
Right now Prof. Amador Fern-
andez, of the Obstetrics depart-
ment from the National University
of Mexico, is taking a course from
Since 1941, about 7,000 students
have taken courses in the Univer-.
sity's English Language Institute.
Understand Culture
"In addition to learning in the
classroom," Lado says, "we feel
the student must understand the
culture of the bountry whose lan-
guage he is studying.
"The teachers have meals with
students so questions they ask
about the culture or the language
can have experienced rather than
naive answers, which a person on
the street would be liable to give."
After dinner, the students pre-
pare programs that interpret their
own cultures and give them to
mixed audiences.
"The programs give information
on what they do when-and some-
times why," Lado says. "They en-
compass the whole range of the
culture; food, dress and leisure."'


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