(See Page 4)
t I -..
Latest Deadline in the State
rv x+ rw a t^+ r+ c
VOL. LXVIL No. 80
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 18, 1956
Didn't Pressure General To Stop
Fighting Cuts In Army Strength
WASHINGTON (R)-Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson said
'yesterday he agreed with Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway that Ridgway
was opposing cuts in Army strength at a time when President Dwight
D. Eisenhower told Congress the Joint Chiefs of Staff had "unanir
mously recommended" a new military program.
But the Secretary said he didn't recall ever having put pressureI
on Ridgway to stop fighting against military reductions while the
general was Army Chief of Staff.
Congress to Investigate
Congressional committees are planning to obtain testimony from
Ridgway, who has charged in a magazine article that politics prompted
TAMPA, Fla. (AP)-- Franklin
D. Roosevelt Bloodworth yester-
day was accused of assaulting
his nephew, Booker T. Wash-
The case in Peace Justice
Court was postponed until
George Washington can be
called as a witness.
NEW YORK ()-A group close
to President Dwight D. Eisenhower
reactivated "Citizens for Eisen-
bower" yesterday with a statement
they are convinced he will seek a
second term if his health allows.
- Retired Gen. Lucius D. Clay, an
Intimate of the President, joined
theother organizers in declaring in
a letter to 50,000 former "Citizens"
"We are convinced that under
present world conditions the Presi-
dent will consider it his duty to
serve a second term, provided he
finds that his health will permit.
Hagerty Has No Comment
At Washington James C. Hag-
erty, preside'ntial press secretary,
said there was no,comment from
the White House.
President Eisenhower's final
physical checkup before announc-
ing his decision is scheduled for
Goal to Enlist Independents
Membership is composed largely
of persons not holding office and
not active in the regular party or-
ganizations. The goal is to get out
the independent vote, and even
some of the Democratic vote, in
behalf of President Eisenhower.
Meanwhile, in Springfield, Ill.,
an aide to Gov. William G.
Stratton said last night White
House advisers knew in advance
that President Eisenhower's name
would be filed in the Illinois presi-
dential preference primary.
William W. Downey, administra-
tive assistant to Stratton, said
Stratton conferred in advance with
Sherman Adams, assistant to the
President; Attorney Gen. Brown-
ell, and Tom Stephens, former
White House appointment secre-
Neil Staebler, Democratic State
Chairman, said last night that he
had "no way of knowing" if or
when the Henning's Committee
t would investigate his charges
against General Motors.
"We sent our six point list of
charges to Hennings' Senate Elec-
tions Subcommittee before Christ-
mas," said Staebler, "and these
things often don't get acted on for
Last Saturday, Staebler accused
GM of "pressuring" GOP cam-
paign funds from dependent sup-
pliers. He said the GOP pledged
itself to raise $1,225,000 this way,
plus $600,000 from forthcoming
Staebler claimed that "big com-
panies' were buying the major
share of these tickets and then
distributing them. He challenged
the GOP to reveal the names of
the ticket buyers, "especially in
Genessee County, the home of
Harold A. Johnson, accused of
slaying his wife and two daugh-
ters last week, was denied a sec-
and opportunity for lower court
examinations in Circuit Court yes-
4the Eisenhower Administration to
make dangerous cuts in the Army.
Sec. Wilson was barraged with
questions about the article when
he held a news conference at the
Newsmen asked him, for one
thing, about Ridgway's assertion
that he was "nonplussed" when
he read about the "unanimity" of
the Chiefs of Staff in the Presi-
dent's 1954 budget message to
Congress. As one of the Chiefs,
Ridgway wrote, he had "most em-
phatically not concurred."
,"Ithink what he said was cor-
rect," Sec. Wilson told the re-
"He has continually advocated
a higher force level."
The Secretary said he has no
quarrel with Ridgway, and that "I
am sure hes a dedicated officer
who has done a great deal for his
The general's hostility to cuts.
in Army strength previously, had
been reported as one factor in
failure to renew his assignment as
Chief of Staff after 22 months in
the job. He is now chairman of
the board of the Mellon Institute
of Industrial Research at Pitts-
Dead At 85-
Albert Loring Clark, 85, former
University football player, died
Monday in Dayton, O.
Born in,1870 in Saline, Mich.,
he graduated from the University
in 1893. He taught at Calumet
High School, Calumet,, Mich., and
at Oak Park High School, Oak
While athletic director at Cook
County High School, he helped
Amos Alonzo Stagg set up the
first indoor relays at the Univer-
sity of Chicago.
Surviving Clark are his son,
Prof. Albert L. Clark of the eng-
ineering college and his daughter,
Eleanor C. Long, financial editor
of the Dayton Journal Herald.
WASHINGTON (A)) - Secretary
of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson
sent the Administration's new
"soil bank" bill to Congress yes-
terday and asked quick action.
Sen. George Aiken (R-Vt.) in-
troduced the bill, described by Sec.
Benson in a letter to the Senator
as designed to "help our farmers
in their valiant efforts to reverse
the severe five-year decline in our
Meanwhile, Chairman Allan El-
lender (D-La.) laid before his Sen-
ate Agriculture Committee a catch-
all draft of proposals which he said
"gives us something to work on."
Draft Not Final
Sen. Ellender explained there
was nothing final about this draft,
that it "has not received the sanc-
tion of the Committee or any of
Both the Administration bill and
the tentative Ellender draft con-
tained proposals for what have
become known as the soil bank
approach to the problem of mount-
ing surpluses and declining farm
Broadly, they call for retire-
ment of much cropland from un-
necessary production, with f arm-
ers who participate being given
rewards in cash or in the form
of commodities drawn from gov-
Authorizes Two Proposals
Sections of the Benson bill
would authorize both thetempor-
ary acreage reserve proposal and
the longer range conservation re-
serve previously urged by the Sec-
retary and President Eisenhower.
Sec. Benson asked that the
acreage reserve program be auth-
orized for this and the next three
years. He sought authority to
cut back as much as 30 per cent
of the acreage now approved for
1956, 1957, .1958 and 1959 crops of
wheat, cotton, corn and rice.
The Secretary would establish
limits of participation by indivi-
The longer range conservation
reserve would authorize contracts
to remove productive farm land
for a period of up to 10 years.
--daily-Bill Van Osterhout -Daily-Hal Leeds
NORTH CAMPUS DEVELOPMENT-The architect's drawing (left) shows the present plan for location of buildings. Glenn Street
runs north from the south central part of the area and curves widely to the east. North of Glenn is the main campus area, which will
house Union and library buildings, along with the newly completed Cooley and Phoenix Bldgs. (right). Tentative site for residence halls
" z . _ _ ._____ .__ _P _ 11_. .. d d L _. ....L !., L .dS..1 .. ".. . wm'
is an L-shaped group of buildings to the west in the artist's drawing.
By TED FRIEDMAN
Charles W. Ferguson, a Senior
Editor of the Readers Digest, vig-
orouslyedefended the Digest dur-
ing a lecture and tea sponsored by
the Department of Journalism yes-
"It's circulation is considered by
many people, on college campuses
in particular, to be aggravating,"
What critics really resent about
the Digest is its success, Ferguson
charged. "First they criticised the
Bible and now it's the Readers
He stressed what the world's
largest-selling magazine is justi-
fied in its own viewpoint in spite
of the resentment this causes.
"You've got an indefinable quality
of conviction which is essential for
success. It would be a mistake for
the Digest to print a cerain type
of material merely to attract read-
Resentment also often stems
from specialized groups who feel
they are losing their exclusive
claim to certain branches of know-
ledge. "More and =more ideas that
were once the property of a few
people . . . are now getting more
and more current," he explained.
Ferguson said America is ex-
periencing a "cultural explosion,"
and he deplored "the curse of con-
descension" still practiced by most
"We have discovered there is a
very serious streak in those people
who are generally considered
dumb," he said. "The success of
the Digest gives the lie to this
whole cult of condescension."
North Campus Area
Still In 'Dream' Stage
By VERNON NAHRGANG
Although several buildings have been completed, the University's
North Campus is still in the "dream" stage.y
Many plans have been made and many drawings executed, but
there is continual change going on in planning the area known as
the north end of campus.
Eero Saarinen, head architect for the area, and his associates,
outlined the story of.North Campus yesterday before meetings of the
Residence Halls Board of Governors and a student committee.
Saarinen showed the development of the area from its very con-
ception in 1951 up to the planning
Jean Langlais, organist from the
Basilica of St. Clotilde, Paris, will
appear at 4:15 p.m. today in Hill
Ste. Clotilde Church, where he
is organist, was made famous by
such of his predecessors as Cesar
Franck, Gabriel Pierne and
His concert will include "Pre-
lude, Fugue and Chaconne' by
Buxtehude, "Cinquieme couplet du
'Gloria, de al Messe a l'usage des
Couvents" by Couperin, "Chorale
Prelude, 'Schmucke dich, o liebe
Selle" by Bach and "Piece Hero-
ique" by Franck.
These will be followed by "Sep-
tieme parole du Christ 'Tout est
Consomme" by Tournemiere and
"Prelude et Fugue in F minor" by
Langlais wil conclude his con-
cert with a group of his own com-
The concert is open to the pub-
lic. No admission will be charged.
Prof. Valentine Windt Dies
After Two-Week Illness .
Prof. Valentine B. Windt, 54, director of play production at the
University, died early yesterday morning at University Hospital where
he had been confined for the past two weeks.
A faculty member since 1928, Prof. Windt came here as instructor
in speech and director of play production and was promoted to a
full professorship in 1950.
In addition to speech play production work, Prof. Windt was also
director of the University Drama Season, and had culminately directed
more than 250 plays in Ann'" -
Arbor. 6" "
Included in the Ann Arbor plays Con fidenti
under his direction were those
done by Nell Gwyn's Co., a faculty
organization that formerly pro-...
duced local plays- ..¢
Born April 8, 1901, in Budapest,...
Hungary, Prof. Windt came wtih
his parents to the United States
at the age of two and attended
the New York City public schools.
He became a naturalized citizen
Later, he studied with Boleslav-
sky at the New York School of
Dramatics for one year. He went
on to Cornell University and in
1921 was graduated with a bache-
lor of arts degree.
After receiving his master of<
arts degree from Princeton Uni-
versity in 1922, he did graduate
work at the Carnegie Institute of
Technology Drama School in Pitts-
burgh, the American Laboratory
Theatre in New York and the Uni-
versity of Iowa.
that is goirfg on today.
Transportation is Problem
One of the many early problems
of having a second campus was
that of transportation between the
However, with a little develop-
ment, Glenn Street has been chos-
en as the logical connection be-
tween the two areas;
Bus service every five minutes
will probably do away with the
conception of two campuses, and
the idea of a north end of campus.
According to the latest archi-r
tect's drawing, Glenn will be the
main entrance to the new area
from the south. First buildings to
be seen from this route will be
the new Union Bldg. and the li-
Parking is No Problem
These buildings will form the
southwest corner of the main
campus area, within which no
automobiles will be allowed.
There will be ample parking
space surrounding the area and
in strategic locations at various
But all this is still in the plan-
ning stage. These buildings and
facilities are, more certain than
many others, but they are still
subject to change.
Several buildings have been to-
tally or partially completed at this
These include the Cooley Bldg.
in the southwest corner of the
main campus area, the Phoenix
Bldg. west of the Cooley Bldg., and
part of the library stacks and
printing building to the south.
The automotive laboratory is
past the planning .stage and work
is beginning on it.
At the same time, the Univer-
sity, looking toward the future,
is still negotiating for additional
land around North Campus.
What was originally a 217-acre
site has been expanded until now
it is nearly 500 acres in size, more
than double theoriginalearea.
Architect Foresees Whole Campus
Much of this additional purch-
asing was made through the sug-
gestions of the architect, who fore-
saw a campus area as a whole, ac-
cording to the topography of the
One of the major problems dis-
cussed at the meetings yesterday
was in regard to the residence
1.,,1_ VA nieiar in th .w g
Student Government Council
will revie'w today a recommenda-
tion., effective next fall, that all
SGC candidates have six weeks of
Administrative" Wing experience
prior to election.
The recommendation, which will
be presented when the Council
meets at 7:30 p.m. in the Union
would make for more qualified and
capable candidates, according to
public relations committee chair-
man Tom Sawyer, '58.
Union President Todd Lief, '56,
will present a motion that the
coming spring student-faculty-ad-
ministration conference be co-
sponsored by the Union and SGC.
Council Vice-President Joel Tau-
ber, '57, is scheduled to present a
motion that Council members be
allowed an expense account.
Also on the agenda is a report
from the student conduct study
committee which has been looking
into problems arising under pres-
ent University rules and regula-
Dulles: Foreign Aid * *.
WASHINGTON W) - Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles said
yesterday he is sure Congress will
help solve the problem of long-
range foreign aid as a counter
weapon to Russian promises.
He is confident of that, he told
a news conference, once Congress
understands what the Adminis-
tration has in mind.
The Administration is reported
asking for the authority to pledge
up to 10 years of economic aid for
specified projects, at a possible
cost of $1,000,000,000.
Such congressional leaders as
Sen. Walter George (D-Ga.) and
Sen. William Knowland (R-Calif.)
have opposed the idea. It would
be a departure from the practice
of limiting pledges of aid to
the amount Congress appropriates
Riots in India .. .
BOMBAY, India () - Violent,
burning rebellion erupted yester-
day and blazed through the night
in western India against Prime
Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
Rioters representing millions of
Indians held Nehru personally re-
sponsible for the new decision
making Bombay a city apart from
surrounding rival states.
Political observers said the situa-
tion was the worst since the Brit-
'Risk For Peace'
Part Of Program
WASHINGTON () - Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles yes-
terday backed away from a mag-
azine article which quoted him as
saying the Eisenhower Adminis-
tration "walked to the brink" of
war three times and averted it by
1ut he stood firm on what he,
termed a "policy of seeking to
prevent war by presenting mis-
calculation by a potential aggres-
He said this "is a calculated
risk of peace" and is part of a
policy which also includes patience,
conciliation and pursuing "every
honorable course to avoid" war.
Interview Causes Controversy
Sec. Dulles spoke out in the
midst of a controversy which has
raged in Congress and among
America's allies over Dulles' In-
terview with Life magazine.
Meanwhile, in St. Paul, Minn.,
Adlai, Stevenson called on Pres-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower to re-
pudiate the "brink of war" state-
ment or fire the Secretary.
Stevenson termed the Secretary's
action "suicidal folly."
Stevenson's views were express-
ed at a news conference shotly
after he personally filed a slate
of delegates pledged to him in the
March 20 Minnesota presidential
His filing marked his first entry
into a state primary as he launch-
ed his second attempt to win the
Democratic nomination for presi-
'Ominous Statements' Made
"This week has seen two omi-
nous and frightening statements,"
Stevenson referred to state-
ments ascribed to Sec. Dulles in the
Life magazine article and state-
ments in the Saturday Evening
Post by Gen. Matthew B. Ridg-
way, former Army chief of staff.
Gen. Ridgway "has declared that
during his tenure Defense Depart-
ment decisions were not based on
clear cut military needs but on
budgetary considerations, on polit-
ical considerations, on the advant-
age to be gained in the field of
domestic politics by. a drastic re-
duction in military expenditures,
Sees Danger in Risks
"Yet, Secretary of State Dulles
has just told us that three times
during the last three years he led
the American people to the brink
of war, with the President's ap-
proval-and boasts that such dan-
gerous risks are a diplomatic 'art'
of which he claims mastery.
"I need hardly point out that
for this -nation to " walk to the
verge of war three times in three
years while drastically reducing
our military defenses fordomestic
political advantage can only be
counted suicidal folly."
The State Department auditori-
um was a packed house for Secre-
tary Dulles' news conference yes-
The Secretary opened up with
a 350-word statement.
He differed on at least five
different points with the Life
article. He insisted he did not
want to be drawn intQ a discussion
of "the author's vies" although
he would not spell out where his
views ended and the author's be-
Declines Specific Comments
He declined, when specifically
asked by reporters, to clarify some
of these points raised in the arti-
cle. For instance, the point that
Sec. Dulles "has never doubted"
President Eisenhower would treat
a Red Chinese attack on the off-
China islands of Quemoy and
Matsu as an attack on the Nation-
alist Chinese stronghold of For-
om owih h nie.Sats is
at Clerk' Continues Run