(See Page 2)
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL LXVIL No. 77
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JANUARY 14, 1956
FROM THE OTHER SIDE:
What Makes Prison
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The Daily today begins a new series
entitled, "From the Other Side," the story of today's prisons and
today's prisoner. It is written by a present inmate of the State
Prison of Southern Michigan, Earl Gibson, editor of the prison
weekly, "The Spectator," .published for and by the 6,400 eonvicts
confined there. The six-part series is published for those who
would seek to understand this serious problem in today's society.)
By EARL GIBSON
Much has been written about prisons and prisoners from many
points of view; social, political, psychological and penological.
The works produced have beer, learned and thorough and have
accomplished ,much in the way of bringing a social problem into the
open. But this information, by and large, has been in the form of
academic texts and professional journals rarely scanned by the lay-
man, the average man on the street.
The resultant effects are that the average person pictures the
"criminal element" as stupid, furtive, beetle-browed; as a vile and
vicious biological throwback, wearing a lemonade pink shirt, canary-
yellow shoes and a fawn-colored suit, habitually frequenting pool
halls, Honky-tonks and smelly back rooms. This picture, although
grossly distorted, overdrawn, is the one the public gets foisted upon
it repeatedly by news media and entertainment.
The picture is a stereotyped view depicted by those sanctimonious
souls who exploit crime and the criminal and prisons and prisoners
for personal gain.
He is not a "fiend" or "monster" or "animal" from Hell. He is just
another human being. He breathes, feels, looks, loves, talks, hates,
dies-as do you, Joe Average.
* * * .*
WHEN I WAS FIRST APPROACHED by THE MICHIGAN DAILY
to write my views, two questions immediately came to mind: Can I
write objectively on this subject, being a prisoner myself? And can
I discuss this topic without bias and prejudice after having spent the
last seven years in prison?
Both questions, however, can only be answered by the reader who
has the interest and patience to read the following six articles:
The Penal Environment
Many people believe there is a "criminal type" just as they be-
lieve there is an "average" citizen.
This sort of generality is as invalid as generalities usually are.
You can find an average income for machinists in a given area or an
average rate of production per day for nuts or bolts of a given type,
but when you endeavor to find averages in the case of human individ-
uals you will be less successful.
Visitors to prisons indicate in their comments that they find a
cross section in prisons not unlike that in most communities in the
They find good workers and slackers, the jovial and the sullen;
young and old, the trusted and the untrusted; the successful-appear-
ing type and the dejected down-and-outer. The sidewalks of a large
prison differ from the sidewalks of Detroit only in that all pedestrians
wear similar clothing.
But what is it that happens to a man, after becoming a prison
inmate, that makes him different in the eyes of the general public?
See PENAL, Page 2
Lab Playbill of third Acts
T0 Have Second Showing
RULE BY CONSENSUS:
Leslie Sees Faculty's
Attitude As 'Stagnant'
By PETE ECKSTEIN
"The faculty has gotten somehow into a stagnating attitude or
atmosphere" according to Prof. William Leslie of the history depart-
Prof. Leslie said the "general attitude is not exactly complacency-
we're going someplace. I think we're just not concerned enough about
where we're going."
Past differences in the atmospheres of privately endowed and
state universities have diminished, he commented. "There may be
4some difference now, but I think
LET GO-Minnesota Forward Ken Wellen (foreground) battles to
disentangle himself and his stick from Michigan defenseman Bob
Schiller in last night's thrilling defensive hockey clash, won by
Michigan, 2-0. Wally Maxwell and Tom Rendall scored the Wol-
verine goals in the expertly played contest, while Lorne Howes
was brilliant as Michigan goalie. (See story, Page 4)
Commercial A irlines
To Stayat Willow Run
Commercial airlines operating at Willow Run Airport- have re-
fused to move to the Detroit-Wayne Major Airport, it was learned
In letters to Wayne County Highway Engineer Leroy C. Smith,
seven of the eight airlines told of their decisions to remain at Uni-
versity-owned Willow Run.
An eighth commercial airline is still contemplating the move to
the other airport.
The speech department will pre-
sent its second performance of
three final acts from different,
plays at 8 p.m. tonight in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Directed by Wandalie Henshaw,
'56, with costumes by Barbara
Keyes, Grad., the last act of- Edith
Wharton's "Ethan Frome" will be
New plans for revamping Ann
Arbor are underway.
A preliminary study is under
way to renovate a "blighted" area'
of the city, an area bounded
roughly by N. Main, Depot, De-
troit and Ann Sts. and N. Fourth
Ave. Approximately 11 blocks are
Plans now call for demolition
and removal of the entire 100
block of E. Ann St., with hopes
of rebuilding the area for com-
mercial and governmental uses.
A new motel is to be erected this
spring on the 1000 block of Broad-
way, between Canal and Wall Sts.,
north of the Broadway Bridge.
The structure will contain ap-
proximately 55 units and will be
built by the General Motels Cor-
poration of Detroit. Cost of the
project was not disclosed.
At the annual meeting of the
Michigan Health Council, held in'
Detroit last week, Herbert Estes
of Ann Arbor was elected president
for the coming year.
The Council, with headquarters
i T nncincr tirc.. c n frnarnl'i'f~ 'n
included in the Playbill. The story
centers around a man who has de-
voted his life to the care of an old
mother and an invalid wife.
"The World We Live In," also
on the program, was written by
Karl and Josef Capek, Czechoslo-
vakian playwrights who became
renown after the First World War.
The play is a theatrical spectacle
of insect life which satirizes the
follies of human life.
Using ants as the principal char-
acters in the third act, the Capeks
vividly depict the horrors of regi-
mentation in a stinging satire
dramatizing the futility of war.
"The World We Live In" is di-
rected by Allan Knee, '56, costumed
by Albert Senter, '57 and the sce'n-
ery is done by Gwen Lee, '56.
The final third act that will be
given is from "Blood Wedding"
by Frederico Garcia Lorca, the
Spanish playwright. Using a rural
Spanish setting, Lorca tells a
simple story of a young girl's mar-
riage to a man she doesn't love
and of her flight with her true
. Directed by Gwen Arner Olson,'
grad., "Blood Wedding" is cos-
tumed by David Lloyd, grad., with
scenery executed by Edward An-
Some action of this sort had
ever since Wayne County officials
a $27 million improvement project)
at the Detroit Wayne Major Air-
Supposedly the funds for this
development would come from
revenue bonds, federal, state and
Although the airlines decided
against the move at a meeting of
the Airlines National Terminal
Service Co. last month, the deci-
sion was held back until Smith
had gotten the letters.
A lack of benefits and' conven-
ience to the public was cited as
the primary reason for the air-
Advocated By Government
It was the United States 'Gov-
ernment that first advocated the
move, intending to move Air Force
and Navy operations to Willow
Late last month, the Air Force
told University officials that it
would soon occupy Packard Hang-
ar, which is not University-owned.
"We fully recognize," the air-
lines explained, "that Wayne Ma-
jor is more conveniently located to
the center of Detroit and would
represent a 10 to 12 minute sav-
ing in travelling time. We also
recognize that the comfort and
convenience of our passenger cus-
tomers is of primary concern.
Question of Balance
"Thus," the letters continued,
"the basic question was a balanc-
ing of increased passenger con-
venience against the expenditure
of private and taxpayer funds to
duplicate at Wayne Major those
facilities already existing and be-
ing used at Willow Run."
This decision by the air lines to
stay at Willow Run signals the
beginning of a $1%/2 million re-
modeling and expansion program
at the airport.
By the Associated Press
LANSING - Gov. G. Mennen
Williams said yesterday he has
learned that his name has been
entered in the New Hampshire
Williams said that it was "ex-
tremely gratifying to know that I
have such loyal friends in New
Hampshire," but that the action
was taken without his knowledge.
"I have no present plans to
enter the New Hampshire pri-
mary," he said. "That's all I have
to say until I know more about it."
* * *
WASHINGTON-The big na-
tional political committees did a
million-dollar business in 1955.
Reports of their financial opera-
tions were filed yesterday with the
clerk of the House in keeping with
requirements of the Corrupt Prac-
Largest 1955 income was report-
ed by the Republican National
Committee, which lsited $1,212,973
in receipts from all sources, main-
ly individual contributions. The
GOP committee spent $1,196,893.
* * *8
MADRID, Spain - Spain ,an-
nounced today she aims to estab-
lish self-government shortly in
Spanish Morocco and help the
whole Moroccan empire toward
A communique gave no details
on how the Spanish intend to es-
tablish self-government in the
North African protectorate.
been expected from the airlines
in December proposed there be
By LEE MARRS
and DICK SNYDER
Student leaders voiced varying
opinions on complacency and fear
among professors but the Adminis-
tration denied charges leveled at
the faculty in yesterday's front
page Michigan Daily editorial.
Vice-President and Dean of Fac-
ulties Marvin L. Niehuss 'claimed,
"I've observed no reluctance on the
part of the faculty to comment. I
can -only judge by personal obser-
vations but -they certainly speak
out in front of-me."
Student Government Council
President Hank Berliner, '56, said
the responsibility of the faculty
was stimulation and development.
He qualified his remark by say-
ing, "This is not necessarily to be
equated with controversy."
"sAs a general rule I feel the fac-
ulty members speak out on matters
that interest them," Director of
University Relations Arthrr L.
"Discussions in recent Faculty
Senate meetings lead to a belief
that there is no loss of freedom of
expression, though there is dis-
agreement," he noted.
Brandon went on to comment,
"Naturally, in a faculty the size
of Michigan's there will be some
complacency and some fear. There
will also be courage and confi-
dence, and I think these outweigh
fear in the experience I have had
with the fauly.
Commenting that "one of the
basic purposes of a university is
the development of an informed,
critical citizenry," Inter-House
Council President Tom Bleha, '56,
said, "this purpose demands pre-
sentation of all aspects of social
and political philosophy; however
"The responsibility of the stu-
dents is vital," Bleha continued,
"but the main burden rests with
the faculty. There is definite
room for improvement."
Vice-President for Student Af-
fairs James A. Lewis said, "Per-
sonally, I don't feel any restraints.
The faculty talks out with me.".
The Vice-President - said he
didn't feel that the faculty was
at all reluctant to speak out, par-
ticularly concerning student af-
"McCarthyism and the like have
See ADMINISTRATORS, Page 3
we share the same area of mental
He said prevailing attitude on
campuses is a "fear of upsetting
the sense of security."
This attitude, Prof. Leslie added,
is "consistent with Eisenhower
"I'm not the only one to feel
there is a growing tendency on the
part of' the faculty as well as
people everywhere to try to locate
the consensus of opinion and to
try to move toward what that con-
sensus sets up.
"The rule of the consensus is a
dangerous thing. It eventually
leads to complete stagnation."
Prof. Leslie described one of the
faculty's "basic roles" as "stimu-
lating thinking on controversial
issues. I would question, however,
the exceptional importance of cur-
rent controversial issues."
- Prof. Arthur Carr of the English
department complained of an "in-
tellectual vacuum in which ideas
can't be heard."
He said many professors have
the feeling that "what they say,
teach and write somehow doesn't
come into play."
He attributed this partly to "an
alienation between faculty and ad-
ministration and between students
Often, Prof. Carr continued,
when the faculty is offered means
of being "closer to administrative
decisions" in actuality "we do hack
work that has no importance for
Controversy, he said, must come
out of "a real urge to get the
thing discussed." Artificial stimu-
lation of debate "doesn't create an
atmosphere of critical thinking."
The times, he added, "aren't
very conducive to controversy.
"As the University gets more
and more complex there is a real
deterioration of the intellectual
climate of the University commun-
See LESLIE, Page 3
By GAIL GOLDSTEIN
One of the oldest organizations
in the world, the Vienna Choir
Boys, will appear at 2:30 p.m. to-
morrow in Hill Auditorium.
Presenting an all-Mozart con-
cert, the choir has a tradition
nearly five centuries old. Emper-
or Maximilian I founded the or-
ganization July 7, 1498, when he
ordered the organization of a boys'
choir to participate in the per-
formance of religious music in
the Court Chapel in Vienna.
A Dozen Engaged
A dozen boys were engaged, and
the choirmaster, in addition to di-
recting their musical activities,
was granted funds for their board
and education. When the boys
voices changed they received their
"mustering-out" pay plus their
In 1932, Impresario S. Hurok
brought the Choir to the United
States, where they immediately
charmed audiences. The outbreak
of the war curtailed their activi-
ties when Frather Josef Schntt,
*.. stricken suddenly
Prof. Marion Emmett McArtor,F
of the music school, died yesterday
afternoon in University Hospital1
of a heart attack.
Prof. McArtor, 41 years old, was
stricken at 1:45 p.m. while teach-
ing in Rm. 808 Burton Tower. He<
was admitted to the hospital at
2:10 and died 10 minutes later.
Prof. McArtor was assistant pro-
fessor of theory and curator of the
He was born May 16, 1915 in
Salem, Ohio. He received the de-
gree of bachelor of music in 1937
from Wittenberg College; master
of music in 1940 from the Univer-
sity, and PhD (Musicology), 1951
from the University. He also stud-
ied at the American Conserva-
tory, Fountainebleau, France,
Prof. McArtor joined the Uni-
versity faculty as instructor- inj
theory in 1940, becoming an as-
sistant professor in 1951.
In 1943 he was engaged in mili-
tary service with the rank of
corporal in the Army, European
Theater. During the year 1945 he3
was instructor in theory at
Shrivenham American University
(United States Army).
After the war, in 1946, he re-
turned to the University.
Prof. McArtor was a member of
Phi Mu Alpha, Sinfonia,, and Pi
He married Jane Calvert of
Alliance, Ohio. There are three
Dean Earl V. Moore of thej
music school said: "He was a
highly valued member of the fac-
ulty with a deep interest in the
musical instruments and their ex-
hibition, with creative imagination
in the evolution of new bases of
exhibition and a scholarly back-
Funeral arrangements are in-
complete at this time.
Thursday evening Prof. McArtor
was interviewed by a Daily report-
er for a story on the Stearns
collection. The story will appixar
DETROIT (1) - The sixth of
eight unions came to terms to-
night With publishers of Detroit's
three strike-closed metropolitan
Shortly afterward a seventh an-
nounced it would submit an offer
to its membership Sunday.
Both actions improved prospects
for an early resumption of publi-
cation after a 44-day shutdown of
the morning Free Press and after-
noon Times and News.
Of eight unions involved, only
the teamsters (truck drivers) have
WASHINGTON (') - Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles replied
to critics yesterday by reaffirming
his claim that "brink of war"
moves by -President Dwight
D. Eisenhower's administration
checked the Chinese Reds in For-
mosa, Indochina and Korea.
Sec. Dulles officially endorsed
views to this effect which Life
magazine attributed to him in an
No Correction Required .
Sec. Dulles, after reading the
full Life article, said through his
press officer that remarks he is
reported to have made in it "do
not require correction from the
standpoint of their substance."
These remarks by Sec. Dulle
have aroused a storm of criticism
from British newspapers as well
as denunciations from Democratic
Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey (MInn.)
who termed them "a distortion of
Dean Acheson, former Demo-
cratic secretary of state, joined
the foreign policy critics Thurs.
day night, cautioning against con.
ducting foreign affairs by "huck-
sterism." Acheson did not men.
tion the magazine article.
"Brought To Verge"
In the article, Sec. Dulles said
that in order to block further Red
aggression in Asia, the United
States was "brought to the verge
of war" three times in 18dmonths.
He said America's readiness to :
fight with atomic weapons ifne
cessary was made known to the
He credited this "strong action"
with 1. ending the Korean War;
2. preventing the Chinese Reds
from openly intervening with their
armies in Indochina and 3. "fin-
ally" stopping the Reds' threat-.
ened invasion of Formosa.
"The ability to get to the verge
without getting into war Is the
necessary art," he was quoted as
saying. "If you cannot master It,
you inevitably go into war.
"If you try to run away from it,
if you are scared to go to the
brink, you are lost."
While firmly backing up these
views, Sec. Dulles refused either to
disown or endorse the remainder
of the lengthy Life foreign policy
review which credits him with the
"greatest display of personal a.
plomacy since the great days of
the Franklin-Adams-Jefferson tri-
umvirate in the Europe of 1780s."
Sec. Dulles' press officer, Lin.
coln White, declined comment on
theserstatements even when re
Porters pointed out that Life...
magazine said the entire article
was based on "new information
made available" to author James
Shepley, chief of the Time-Life
WASHINGTON (I)-The United
States yesterday announced the
launching site and first specific
details of the earth satellites it
hopes to send whizzing into lower
The program has been described
as a first step toward "manned
The- Defense Department dis-
closed that Patrick Air Force Base
at Cocoa, Fla., had been selected
as the U. S. takeoff point. The
rocket-launched "baby moons" are
expected to girdle the earth in an
egg-shaped orbit ranging from 200
to 800 miles from eath.
Still a Secret
Evaluation to Aid Both Students and Faculty
By VERNON NAHRGANG
Next Tuesday and Wednesday,
students in the literary college
will have the opportunity to eval-
uate their courses and their pro-
Although some teachers have
done this on their own in the past,
The second aim of the question-
naire, which literary school stu-
dents will have half an hour to
fill out in their classes next week,
is to give the students a basis and
an opportunity to determine the
value of their individual courses.
All of the questionnaires will,
of course, be unsigned. Student
"The main idea," Prof. Milhol-
land stressed, "is to get them back
to the teacher for his own evalua-
In addition to the questionnaire,
there will be a short green paper
for an evaluationof the evalua-
tion. This the student will fill out
Students then rated teachers for
several qualities on a one- to five-
point system'for each quality. The
numbers were added and averaged1
for each faculty member. This
system began in 1948 and was dis-
continued in 1952.
Since then, forms have been