- EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF TIHE UNIVERSITY OF MICH1GAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATION!S
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MCmI. Phone No 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the -views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.
THUR$DAY, DECEMBER 1, 1955 NIGHT EDITOR: LEE MARKS
Conference Report: What
Should Schools Accomplish?
(Editor's Note: Following is the text of the report insure wholesome, all-around development of
of the white House Conference on Education on teidvda ihpoiinfrtesiua
"What Should Our Schools Accomplish?" It was the individual with provision for the stimula-
prepared by Dr. Adam Bennion and Dr. Carr in tion and development of the useful talents of
behalf of the conference.) all children, including the retarded, average,
THE people of the United States have in- and gifted children.
herited a commitment, and have the re- So that they can better appreciate the ad-
sponsibility to provide for all a full opportunity vantages of our democratic way of life, students
for a free public education regardless of physi- should be provided with a well-balanced course
cal, intellectual, social, or emotional differences, in the social sciences, which includes the his
or of race, creed, or religion. torical development of our constitutional form
The fullest measure of local initiative and of government, and the contributions which
control should be maintained, but no level of various cultures have made to it.
Government (local, state, or national) should All children should be free to seek the truth
be relieved of its appropriate responsibility in wherever it can be found.
fulfilling this commitment. HE school must accept responsibility in de-
In groups where the private schools were 1 termining its place in working in coopera-
discussed, there was a consensus that the right tion with appropriate community institutions
of the private school to exist, and of the right and agencies toward enriching the lives of its
of parents to choose, and of children to attend, students. It must help them apply ethical
this is an accepted part of the American tradi- values which will guide their moral judgments
tion of education.a
We believe that education is necessary for and their conduct, and to develop the recog-
nition that these values stem from among other
the fullest developments and enrichment of sources; their spiritual and religious convic-
the indivnidsuarltions. On this latter point, more time is neces-
The continued success of our democratic w sary for the development of a common view-
of life requires that every individual be afforded point. h
that education: necessary to enable him to New challenges in education: Consideration
miake an intelligent choice and to effect neces- must be given to the need for continuing
sary compromises on questions of public policy. growth and development in education at all
Education is a sound and necessary invest- levels in amount and scope, to keep up with
ment. in -the future well being of our nation teecnom ociaand moraleimpit
and itso ic scitizens.l im li aton
and its citizens. resulting from the advances in technology and
T is the consensus of these groups that the sciences.
schools should continue to develop:
1. The fundamental skills of communication
-reading, writing, spelling as well as other
elements of effective oral and written expres- Not Just Seasonal
sion; the arithmetical skills, including problem
solving. While schools are doing the best job AFE driving day should be every day.
in their history in teaching these skills, con- To highlight the need for a reduction in
tinuous improvement is desirable and.necessary traffic accidents an deaths, the National
2. Appreciation for our democratic heritage. Safety Council has endorsed Safe Driving Day.
3. Civic rights and responsibilities and It is hoped that the death toll of 31,000 people
knowledge of American institutions, on our highways in the first 10 months of the
4. Respect and appreciation for human values year will be a strong reminder that more
and for the beliefs of others. caution and care is needed on our highways
5. Ability to think and evaluate constructive- and streets.
ly and creatively. President Eisenhower's Committee for Traf-
6. Effective work habits and self-discipline. fic Safety which sponsors today's S-D Day
7. Social competency as a contributing mem- underscores the extra effort needed to reduce
ber of his family and community. the statistics of accidents and death for the
8. Ethical behavior based on a sense of moral remainder of the year.
and spiritual values. In a time of year when icy roads, snow
9. Intellectual curiosity and eagerness for storms and slippery streets make driving a
ife-long learning, hazardous activity, pedestrians and drivers
10. Esthetic appreciation and self-expression alike must be aware of the dangers involved.
in ,the arts Slowing down on an icy road may take longer
11. Physical and mental health, than usual. Visibility in a snow storm is
12. Wide use of timde, including constructive limited. A sudden stop on slippery streets may
leisure pursuits. mean precarious skidding.
13. Understanding of. the physical world and But safety on highways is not a seasonal
man's relation to it as represented through thing. Whether the road is slippery with ice
basic knowledge of the sciences. or clear in the warm flushes of summer, caution
14. An awareness of our relationships with and good sense must be exercised on our high-
the world community. ways and streets.
TO achieve these things for every child the S-D Day is a good starting point for a re-
schools must have an effective program of duction in slaughter through traffic deaths.
guidance and counseling in preparation for the Continued perseverance and an awareness of
world of work. responsibility by drivers and pedestrians will
In each school an appropriate balance must quickly eliminate the needless death toll.
be maintained in the educational program to -DK
"Be Sure To Give Mine Svecial Attention"
Suspense & Excitement
In 'Fourteen Hours'
When a man steps out on the window ledge of the 15th floor of a
hotel, threatening to jump to his death, a chain of consequences results
By DREW PEARSON
THERE'S one thing the Repub-
licans can usually count on
from the Democrats: they yell
more than they produce.
Last winter the Democrats, as-
suming control of Congress,. brag-
ged about the probes they were
going to stage. Then they got
bogged down in the Congressional
routine, staged no probes, but
bragged about the probes they
would stage when Congress ad-
Came the Congressional ad-
journment. The Dems proceeded
to go touring. They flocked all
over the globe, from Helsinki to
Buenos Aires. They probed the
tourist offices, they probed the
restaurants, they probed the night
clubs-everything except affairs of
Congress-and all at government
ESTES KEFAUVER, who had
promised a big probe of Dixon-
Yates and juvenile delinquency
took a leisurely loll around Asia-
though he's getting down to work
on Dixon-Yates this week. Sen.
Warren Magnusonof Washington
who was voted $200,000 for a
probe of TV-radio-communications
found himself busy in the North-
Some solons have stayed at
home and done fine jobs-Sena-
tors O'Mahoney of Wyoming,
Sparkman of Alabama, Hennings
of Missouri, plus Congressmen
Manny Celler of New York and
Wright Patman of Texas.
But the other widely advertised
probes have flopped. Their Demo-
cratic chairmen have just been too
busy touring or mending political
WHILE DEMOCRATIC leaders
have been castigating the Eisen-
hower Administration about play-
ing up to big business, the Dems
in turn have taken a runout pow-
der on protecting one of the most
important small business groups
in the nation-smaller TV sta-
This nation was built on the
principle that any country editor
could set up a printing press in
any town of his choosing and pub-,
lish a newspaper at his own risk.
Today, the same principle does not
apply to one of the great modern
mediums of communication-tele-
And a few days ago the big-bus-
iness-minded Federal Communi-
cations Commission slapped down
the country-editor type TV sta-
tions. The little UHF stations had
had a chance to compete with the
giants of the industry until two
weeks ago when the FCC slapped
them down with the "deintermix-I
ture" decision permitting potent
VHF stations to be opened in areas
hitherto reserved for small UHF
stations, thereby putting them out
FCC's decision not only affected
freedom of communications-mod-
ern version for freedom of press-
but freedom of business to adver-
tise. For 16 TV stations owned by
the major networks brought in 60
per cent of all TV advertising last
year. This means that expensive
TV advertising has so pre-empted
the major stations that little ad-
vertisers can't get on the air.
The jittery Federal Communica-
tions Commission has now set Dec.
15 as D-Day for the future of
Having about bumped off small
UHF stations, the FCC is under
pressure from the networks and
from Sol Taishoff, who tries to be
unofficial czar of the industry, to
take back the channels previously
allocated to colleges and universi-
ties. Taishoff even wants the FCC
to take back some of the TV chan-
nels allocated to the military.
All this and more will be debated
by the FCC on or after Dec. 15.
In fact, the future of television for
the next generation may be then
(Copyright, 1955, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
generating excitement and sus-
This is the theme of "Fourteen
Hours" and when director Henry
Hathaway centers his camera on
the potential suicide and the ef-
forts to avert it. a taut and
gripping drama fills the screen.
When the camera wanders to the
sub-plots, things get pretty silly.
RICHARD BASEHART portrays
the young neurotic who paralyzes
New York City traffic, incites
thousands of spectators to stand
in the streets below, brings his
parents and ex-fiancee rushing to
the hotel and severely tests the
resourcefulness of the police de-
partment and a pair of psy-
chiatrists. The camera angles,
viewing the street from the 15th
floor and above and from the
ground up, are truly awesome and
all acrophobes will have several
Basehart remains uncommuni-
cative to all but 'Paul Douglas,
playing a sympathetic traffic cop
who does his best to entice the
former to safety, but without suc-
cess. The explanation for the in-
cident is skillfully pieced together
by the psychiatrists from listening
to the attempts of persuasion of
the mother, father and girlfriend.
As the nervous and unpredict-
able young man, always on the
verge of plunging to his death,
Basehart is very effective. Ex-
cellent performances are also re-
corded by Douglas, Agnes Moore-
head as the mother and Barbara
Bel Geddes as the girl.
* * *
THE SUB-PLOTS referred to
earlier are particularly annoying
as they divert attention from the
hotel ledge; taken by themselves,
though, they're bad enough as they
represent Hollywood's continuous
attempts to saccharinate all they
touch, presumably to placate the
public which might be offended
by. the bitter realities of life.
Briefly, Hollywood has Debra
Paget meet the boy of her dreams
and Grace Kelly call off her
divorce, both as a result of the
There are some thrilling scenes
as the police rescue squad utilizes
all their life-saving devices and
are constantly thwarted by suc-
cessive accidents. Although one
needn't be a Ver to predict the
outcome, the ending is clever
enough to restraii a foreclosure.
"Fourteen Hours" was issued in
1951, a product of 20th Century
Bennie ;Blasted ..
To The Editor:
AS A football fan of Michigan
for six years I have seen all
the games and watched all spring
and fall practice sessions.
I have come to the conclusion
that Michigan will never be cham-
pion as long as Mr. Oosterbaan is
the head coach. I agree that Oos-
terbaan was a great athlete in his
time, but in my book he is no
coach. He doesn't have the inspira-
tion to arouse his team when they
need it the most.
I would also like to mention that
Michigan won their games with
their strong forward line, and
that's because the hard-working
line coach, Mr. Blot, kept doing
his fine job season in and season
Please don't think I have any-
thing against Mr. Oosterbaan per-
sonally, but only as a coach.
To The Editor:
THOROUGHLY enjoyed the first
two Sunday Magazine sections
of The Michigan Daily. Both
showed an imagination and pro-
fessionalism seldom run across in
a college newspaper. Especially
liked the articles on Cranbrook,
Mrs. Arnow, farm problems and
Only hope that the staff can
keep up to the pace set by the
first two excellent issues.
--R. M. Conrad
Casablanca, French Morocco
Didn't Take Time...
To The Editor:
O BVIOUSLY Mr. Barry Saltman,
who wrote a letter concerning
the SGC elections, hadn't taken
much time considering the can-
didates. If he had taken any time
at all and looked into the matter
with any consideration, he would
have read The Daily on a par-
tiula Sudand therewoul
THE Daily Official Bulletin 18 an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in
by 2 p.m. Friday.
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1955
VOL. LXVII, NO. 53
TIAA-- College Retirement Equities
Fund. Participants in the Teachers In-
surance and Annuity Association retire-
ment program who wish to change their
contributions to the College Retirement
Equities Fund or to apply for or discon-
tinue participation in the Equities
Fund, will be able to make such changes
before Dec. 15, 1955.
Staff members who have one-fourth
or one-third of the contributions to
TIAA allocated to CREF may wish to
change to a one-half basis, or go from
the latter to a one-fourth or one-third
The Air Force Officer Qualification
Test (Stanine) required for admission
to the advanced corps of AROTC
Cadets, will be given Thurs. and Fri.,
Dec. 1 and 2 in Kellogg Auditorium,
Testing periods extend from 7:00 p.m.
to 11:00 p.m. Attendance at both ses-
sions is mandatory.
Veterans who expect to receive educa-
tion and training allowance under Pub-
lic Law 550 (Korea G. I. Bill) must fill
in VA Form 7-196; Monthly Certifica-
tion, in the Off ic of Veterans' Affairs,
555 Administration Building, between
8:30 a.m. Thurs., Dec. 1, and 3:30 p.m.
Tuesday, Dec. 6.
Late Permission: All women students
will have a 11:00 p.m. late permission,
on Wed. and Thurs., Dec. 14 and 15
Women's residences will be open until
Housing Applications for graduate and
undergraduate women students now
registered on. campus and wishing to
move for the spring semester of 1956
will open at noon Thurs., Dec. 1. Only
Those With No Housing Commitment
May Apply. Applications will be accept-
ed for both Residence Halls and League
House accommodations until the num-
ber of available spaces are filled.
Notice To All Members Of The 1955
Marching Band. Band awards will be
issued on Dec. 12 and 13 at the Admin-
Istration Building, Cashiers Office, 1st
All band equipment, musical scores,
folios, instruments, uniforms and ac-
cessories in possession of bandsmen
must be returned to equipment man-
agers and a clearance release signed
by Dr. Revelli or Mr. Cavender be ob-
tained before the award will be issued.
Deadline for the return of all equip-
ment is Fri., Dec. 2, 1955.
The Following Student Sponsored So-
cial Events are approved for the coming
weekend. Social chairmen are reminded
that requests for approval for social
events are due in the Office of Student
Affairs not later than 12 o'clock noon
on the Tuesday prior to the event.
Dec. 2: Adelia Cheeer, Alpha Chi
Sigma, Alpha Gamma Delta, Alpha Omi-
cron Pi, Beta Theta Pi, Delta Theta
Phi; Huber House, Kappa Delta, Phi
Delta Phi, Trigon, Zeta -Beta Tau.
Dec. 3: Adams House, Alpha Lambda,
Alpha Phi, Delta Chi, Delta Tau Delta,
Delta Theta Phi, Delta Upsilon, Intes.
Coop Council, Kappa Sigma, Michigan
Christian Fellowship, Phi Alpha Kappa,
Phi Delta Phi, Phi Delta Theta, Phi
Kappa Psi, Phi Rho Sigma, Psi Omega,
Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Sigma Chi, Sigma
Nu, Tau Kappa Epsilon, Theta Chi.
Theta Xi, Wenley House, Zeta Beta
Tau, Zeta Psi.
Dec. 4: Alpha Delta Pi, Chi Omega,
Phi Dela Phi.
Disciplinary Action in cases of student
misconduct: At meetings held on Thurs.,
Nov. 10 and Tues., Nov. 15, 1955, cases
involving 12 students were heard by the
Joint Judiciary Council. In all cases the
action was approved by the University
Sub-Committee on Discipline.
Violation of state laws and city ordi-
nances relating to the purchase, sale
and use of intoxicants and violation
of University automobile regulations.
Conduct unbecoming a student:
a. consumed intoxicants In student
quarters and appeared in Municipal
Court on charge of driving after drink-
ing. One student fined $15 and warned.
b. minor In possession of intoxicants
in moving vehicle. Three students fined
$10 each and warned.
c. violatied University driving regu-
lations, minor in possession of intoxi-
cants in moving vehicle. One student
fined $15 and warned.
d. wilfully loaned his University
driving permit and aided in attempted
purchase of intoxicants. One student
fined $5.00 and warned.
e. driving car in violation of Uni-
versity regulation. Aided in attempted
purchase of intoxicants. One student
fined $10 and warned,
f. driving after drinking in reckless
manner and gaining illegal entry into
an apartment. Since third appearance
before Joint Judiciary Council, recom-
mended that fined $40 with $25 sus-
pended in lieu of court fine.
a. coduct unbecoming a student in
that aided and abetted in attempted
purchase of intoxicants. One student
fined $5.00 and warned.
The Council voted to take no action
on three cases.
Readings by Members of the English
Department. Prof. Allan Seager, reading
his own story. "Under the Big Magnolia
TODAY AND TOM
ON the question of the admission of new
members to the United Nations we have
been outwitted by the Soviet Union and have
been landed in a box from which there is no
graceful exit. The affair is a horrible example
of how to lose face, of how to lose influence,
of how to make this country look foolish -
for no better reason that the men at the top
did not stop to think about what was happen-
ng and what they were doing.
The U.N. has sixty members and since 1950
no new member has been admitted. Every ap-
plicant has been blackba-lled either by the Soviet
Union or by the Western nations. 'This has
excluded the Soviet satellites - Bulgaria, Rou-
mania, Hungary, Albania and Outer Mongolia.
It has excluded among others Italy, Austria,
Portugal, Finland, Japan - and Spain which
did not apply until very recently because it
knew that the Soviet Union would use its
It has long been obvious that the only way
to break the deadlock was by a deal with the
Soviet Union. We would have to stop vetoing
theiresatellites if they would stop vetoing our
clients. The idea of the so-called package deal
was, as a matter of fact, first proposed by the
United States in 1946.
There were then nine applicants - among
them not only Portugal, Iceland and Sweden
but also, we may note, Outer Mongolia. We
proposed that in spite of our misgivings about
Albania and Outer Mongolia, all nine should
be admitted on the principle of "universality
of membership." Nationalist China supported
the American proposals. Mr. Dulles, who was
one applicants. Canada proposed that all the
applicants, except only the divided countries
of Korea and Vietnam, be admitted in one
package. Canada got the support of twenty-
five members to sponsor its proposal to admit
seventeen applicants. It was known in Sep-
tember that the Soviet Union was probably
prepared to admit sixteen - all but Japan.
At about that time -- on Sept. 23 - Spain
applied. Then there were eighteen nations in
the Canadian package.
The Soviet Union, swallowing hard over Spain.
and Japan, nevertheless swallowed them. This
meant that there was no further obstacle on
the Soviet side to admitting Italy, Spain, Por-
tugal, Ireland, Austria, Finland and Japan. At
this point Mr. Dulles and Mr. Lodge gagged
at Outer Mongolia. They could swallow Al-
bania. They could not swallow Outer Mon-
The result, which they did not foresee though
they should have foreseen- it, was to isolate the
United States as the sole obstacle to the ad-
mission of Italy, Spain, Japan and the other
countries whose good will means so much to us.
When Mr. Dulles was recently in Rome and
in Madrid, he heard from both countries on
This is what I meant by saying that we have
been outwitted. Once the Soviet Union ac-
cepted the package which included Spain and
Japan, it was sheer folly for the United States
to make a fuss about Outer Mongolia. If we
were really serious about swallowing that gnat,
it would mean that we would get all the blame
not only from the eighteen applicants who
would be excluded but from almost all the
world Hopes for Peace, Ponders War
By HAL BOYLE
Associated Press writer
'URBSTONE reflections of a
The world has always been a
It still is.
Looking at the present merry-
go-round, what do we find? Let us
go around the world, starting with
* * *
THE AMERICAN doesn't feel
the need of war. He is enjoying
the highest level of individual and
national prosperity ever achieved
in the history of mankind.
To defend that happiness, how-
ever, he feels at heart ready, will-
ing and able to deal death to any
quarter of the globe that threatens
him. He hopes he'll never have to
fight again-but he'll fight. And
he'll fight on.
The English, following their
modern pattern, concede in ad-
vance that their situation is hope-
less militarily. They are recon-
ciled to a fight in which they will
never ever really give up.
* * *
THE FRENCHMAN, individual
as ever, takes pride in his empire
.overseas but refuses to be drafted
to defend it. As his hired soldiers
from abroad dwindle, his empire
will dwindle. Meanwhile, he'll
claim a hold on the world's cul-
world's largest war machine, and
pat Red China on the back at the
same time he feels for a weak
spot he may use later.
THE CHINESE are riding the
peak of their wave. In their land
revolution climbs a Red throne,
and reaches from yesterday toward
Crowded India yearns to be the
fulcrum, the balance point be-
tween the East and West, but vast
China holds out the crimson hand
Industrious, market-hungry Ja-
pan, bounding back fast, reaches
toward China, meanwhile sells in
IN AMERICA a vast war ma-
chine is maintained and eternally
refurbished, and new atomic pow-
er reactors are steadily built.
Everywhere in the world people
are building in hopes of peace and
worrying about war.
This is the merry-go-round. So
it has usually been before. So it
will probably be as long as one
people or one country fears an-
LITTLE MAN ON CAMPUS
by Dick Bibler
r ( Ii s