'Spontaneous 'Rose Bowl Rally Meets 0pp
Efforts to halt a "Rose Bowl Rally" planned for 4 p.m. today
were initiated last night and are continuing today.
Student leaders, recognizing drawbacks in the "spontaneous"
pep rally planning, have hastened to discourage students from parti-
cipating in the rally.j
Interfraternity Council President Bob Weinbaum, '56, and Inter-
House Council President Tom Bleha, '56, last night contacted fraterni-
ty, sorority and dormitory house presidents hoping to block the
disorganized demonstration of school spirit.
Some Student Government Council members expressed concern
over lack of preparation and thought plans for the rally should have
gone through proper channels.
The rally, instigated earlier this week by a handful of students,
has been widely publicized with printed signs and writing on literary
Reports indicate inspiration for the rally came from a spontaneous
demonstration held at Indiana last year before the Hoosiers beat
The Hoosier demonstration, however, was spontaneous and a
surprise to the team.
Today's rally, although apparently carring the disorganization
of spontaneity, would be no surprise. Football players are well
aware students are planning to converge on Ferry Field during
Rally plans call for meeting at the Union at 4 p.m., marching
to Ferry Field during practice and then cheering the team through
Two cheerleaders are expected to be present but little else is
known of the plan.
It is well-known many Michigan pep rallies in the past have
fallen flat. This type of pep rally has often done more to hurt team
morale than bolster it.
What will happen after students rush down to Ferry Field and
swarm onto the practice field? Coach - Bennie Oosterbaan has
worked all week to bring the team to a fever pitch for the game.
A disorganized mob in the middle of the last important practice
could have a harmful effect.
Players at the University of Michigan know the students are
behind them as they prepare to emerge from the doldrums reached
last week against Illinois.
Last week's dead weekend after 5 p.m. Saturday shows how
students rise and fall with the team.
All week they've been smarting, just as the team has, under
Detroit newspaper opinion that Michigan State is apparently the
only team left with a real chance to go to the Rose Bowl.
The spirit is there. Discouragement of today's rally in no way
condemns the spirit inherent in the idea behind the demonstration,
but only the method of displaying it.
Many student leaders think a flat rally might hurt team spirit,
and that disorganization with the accompanying interruption of
practice indicates strong possibility for an unsuccessful rally.
If Michigan pulls itself up to beat Indiana tomorrow, next
Friday will be the time for students to throw all their vocal support
into the big rally to beat Ohio State and go on to the Rose Bowl.
The Ohio State rally will be organized. The Central Pep Rally
Committee plans a rally the players will remember as they take
the field on the afternoon of November 19.
Four thousand students cheering at Ferry Field that evening will
be true Michigan spirit behind a top-notch football team.
--DAVE BAAD, Managing Editor
--JIM DYGERT, City Editor
Democrats and Labor,
Danger of a One-Class Party
(See Page 4)
Latest Deadline in the State
:43 a i1y,
VOL. LXVI, No. 41 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1955
Only Nine Notices
Certain; 24 Received
By LEW HAMBURGER
A hazy picture is finally begin-
ning to emerge from Ann Arbor's
chaotic city-police department
Following a second straight day
of over ten hours in conference,
Chief Casper M. Enkemann said
only nine definite resignations
were in, although 24 have been
filed Wednesday and yesterday.
Confers With All
The tireless chief conferred at
length with each of the resigning
men, securing withdrawal of seven
of the 24 notices. Six men to
whom he spoke are still uncertain,
and two men will confer with En-
The resignations are scheduled
to gointo effect on datesvarying
among the 18th, 20th, and 25th
of this month.
Enkemann, a tall amiable man,
showed the wear of a tense week,
and the effects of his extended
conferenceswith his men.
He emphasized the serious tone
of the conversations, concerned
with "making ends meet" financi-
BINGHAMTON, N. Y. (P) -
Binghamton policemen, denied
a pay raise in the election Tues-
day, raised the dickens with
They handed out 270 traffic
Mayor Donald W. Kramer is-
sued a warning yesterday that
the police were not to be "petty
ally, saying, "You can't talk about
something this serious in five min-
The chief said no plans could
definitely be made until the exact
number of resigning men could
be determined. He expressed hope
that by tonight the situation
would be clear, and necessary plan-
ning and study could begin.
Found At Sea
HONOLULU (A) - Four of five
airmen who parachuted into
stormy seas 650 miles from land'
were picked up Wednesday night
and early yesterday in a dramatic
rescue which the Air Forced term-
ed "a miracle."
Eighteen planes and 17 -ships
searched calming seas east of
Hawaii for the fifth airman from
a stricken C119 Flying Boxcar
which went down last Wednesday
on a flight from the mainland to
'Ought to Find Fifth'
The Navy Tender Floyds Bay,
dashing 75 miles through 12-foot
waves whipped by 28-mile winds,
picked up two in the darkness last
night and two more in the hal
light of dawn.
"Now that it's daylight we ought
to find the fifth man soon," an
Air Force spokesman said.
Rescued Wednesday night about
five hours after they hit the water
were Lt. Keneth E. Whitney, navi-
U.S. Peace Plan
Ike Proposal Would Bring Added
International Tension,. Reds Say
GENEVA tom)-Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov declared
last night President Dwight D. Eisenhower's proposal for immediate
United States-Russian exchange of military blueprints and reciprocal
air inspection "would strengthen mutual distrust."
The Russian told the Big Four conference the President had
good intentions but his idea for quickly wiping out fear of surprise
atomic attack would, instead, increase international tension.
Molotov said the American proposal could only be considered in
the final stage of world disarmament.
No Sii tNatid Success
His negative reactior deepened the gloomy atmosphere of the
conference. It meant the foreign ministers disagreed on practical
S till Stable,
By DAVID TARR
Any effort to completely separ-
ate the church from the state in
this country would be unsuccessful
according to Prof. Paul Kauper of
the law school.
Speaking last night to the Poli-
tical Science Rountable on "The
Constitutional Basis for the Sep-
aration of Church and State,"
Prof. Kauper stressed that any
sharp line of distinction is im-
possible because of the relation-
ship of the people of the commun-
ity to the church.
He cited many traditional gov-
-ernment-religious connections, in-
cluding chaplains in Congress and
military service, "a clear use of
government funds to pay religious
personnel," and declarations of
Thanksgiving on religious grounds.
Prof. Kauper said a good inter-
pretation of the first amendment
to the Constitution would be "the
state may accomodate the religi-
ous interests of some as long as it
does not impair the scruples of
The clause of the amendment
prohibiting the union of state and
church must yield in some degree
to the clause guaranteeing free
exercise of religion, he commented.
Separation of church and state
is uniquely American and. partly
a result, of our many different
religious groups, who would never
agree on one state church, Prof.
approaches to disarmament. They
had already failed to agree on
European security and German re-
On the only other remaining
point of their agenda- develop-
ment of East-West contacts -- an
experts committee has made no
The foreign ministers will meet
in private, today to chart the fi-
nal course of their negotiations,
expected to conclude next Wednes-
Molotov criticized the President
Eisenhower "open skies" plan with
1. "It does not diminish the
danger of a new war and does not
relieve the peoples of the heavy
burden of arms taxation," because
it is isolated from a general dis-
2. It covers only U.S. territory
and not U.S. bases overseas or
those of America's allies.
3. It is too costly and prolong-
ed an operation.
4. It would aggravate suspicion
rather than increase confidence.
5. It provides no security for the
Soviet Union, and in fact, would
supply Russia's enemies the "ap-
propriate information for a sur-
Molotov added that his govern-
ment would alter its "negative at-
titude" if the President's proposal
were made part of a general re-
duction of armaments and pro-
hibition of atomic weapons. But
this would have to be "at the final
Molotov proposed to reach glo-
bal disarmament in three stages,
starting off with an immediate
pledge by the Big Four powers
"not to be the first to use atomic
and hydrogen weapons against any
country." This was Premier Niko-
lai Bulganin's idea at the summit
conference in July.
NEW YORK (A)-Israeli Foreign
Minister Moshe Sharett said yes-
terday his country would accept
arms from any source if her sur-
vival were at stake.
Asked If the Soviet Union had
offered to supply arms, Sharett
told. a news conference:
S"Iknow of no offer from that
Czechoslovakia, a Moscow satel-
lite, recently agreed to suppy arms
to Egypt, engaged in borde war-
fare with Israel.
Sharett, here to seek United
States arms for what he called
Israeli's legitimate self-defense
"If driven to a tight corner and
our existence is at stake we will
seek and accept arms from any
source in the world."
Sharett arrived yesterday from
Israel. He will make a two-week
tour in behalf of Israel develop-
ment bonds and the United Jewish
He said at Idlewild airport he
was "disconcerted" at a territorial
reference in British Prime Minis-
ter Sir Anthony Eden's offer of
his services to help resolve Israel-
GENEVA (R)-Secretary of State'
John Foster Dulles said yesterday
it is urgently necessary, for the
great powers to find some formula
for preventing any uncontrolled
spread of atomic weapons through-
out the world.
There was no immediate explan-
ation of precisely what he had in
mind in his brief comment on this;
subject or a speech to the Big Four
But he apparently envisioned a
time, possibly not too distant, when
many nations would be able to
make atomic and hydrogen bombs.
Possession of nuclear weapons
is at present believed to be a
monopoly of Britain, Russia and
the United States.
Sec. Dulles' associates said the
secretary's comments on this ques-
tion were the most important
statements in his speech. Noting
that there is now no way of de-
tecting atomic material stocks if7
the power that has them wants to
hide them, Sec. Dulles said:
"The aim of all of us should bei
to develop the maximum feasible
control which would be effective
and. certain. The spreading of
nuclear weapons, without controlz
of adequate responsibility, couldt
greatly increase the danger of at
"It may be that the new Inter-
national atomic energy agency,
soon to be established by the
United Nations General Assembly,
can contribute to control in this
By The Associated Press
Ike In Shape ...
DENVER-President Dwight D.
Eisenhower came through an im-
portant, final medical check-up
yesterday in "satisfactory" shape
and today he is off at last for
Washington and a gala welcome
* * *
Word To Come ... .
WASHINGTON - Adlai E. Ste-
venson indicated yesterday he
plans to put his name in the pot
next Tuesday for the 1956 Demo-
cratic presidential election.
Stevenson, the 1952 party stand-
ard bearer, confirmed on a stop-
over here that he will disclose his
intentions about the nomination
in a statement in Chicago Tues-
* . 9
Second Salute .. .
WASHINGTON -- The nation
salutes the living and dead of all
its wars today in the second an-
nual observance of Veterans Day.
Solemnly, at the traditional
hour of 11 a.m. EST, former Presi-
dent Herbert Hoover will place a
wreath on the. Tomb of the Un-
known Soldier in Arlington .Na-
Slow Down . .
LANSING -- Gov. G. Mennen
Williams today signed Michigan's
new speed limit bill.
It becomes effective Feb. 3 and
requires motorists outside of com-
munity zones to travel at not more
than 65 miles an hour in the day-
time and 55 miles at night.
Irookings Still Silent
I GM Pledge
Brookings Institute still made no request to break a confidence
pledge with General Motors and allow testimony from two University
faculty members in the current Senate "case study" of the automotive
"There is every indication that Brookings will maintain the right
to execute the pledge for at least a short period," Dean Russell A.
Stevenson of the School of Business Administration said last night.
Dean Stevenson, along with Prof. Clare E. Griffin of the business
administration school and Prof. Lawrence Seltzer of Wayne University,
were named Monday when Sen.'
John C. O'Mahoney (D-Wyo.) stat-
ed that tw Senate's committee on Benson Asks'
giatis inindustry might pos-
sibly look into a survey of GM
made for the Brookings Institute B etter I .S.
in 1948. e e
Pledge Possible Drawback
In making the statement, Sen. N
O'Mahoney said that the pledge ppe
agreed upon at ,the time of the
interviews by the three university "Formalization and standardi-
economists would be a possible
drawback to their testifying at zation are the durses of the news-
Senate hearings in Washington. papers today," George Benson,
Dean Stevenson said that a let- editor of the Toledo Times, said
ter was received from Brookings last night in a speech to journal-
yesterday saying that the profes- ism department students.
sors were their own free agents "I do think American newspapers
and could testify before the com- are the finest in 'the world. But
mittee. all papers can be better. Each
However, the letter stressed that newspaper should be, distinctive.
since materials obtained in the It should reflect the life in its
Brookings surveywere ofda con- community, town, or city."
fidential nature, they could not be Criticizing present-day editors
referred to in the hearings. he said that "too many of them
Acted in Confidence' don't believe in anything definite-
Sen. O'Mahoney said Monday they waver from one side of a
that GM was agreeable to any question to the other. As a result,
waiver of the pledge if requested their newspapers lack style and
to do so by Brookings. distinction."
Dean Stevenson commented, "We Most newspapermen, Benson
acted in confidence with General feels, dream of someday owning a
Motors individuals, not the Cor- weekly or small daily. In answer
poration as a whole. Therefore, to those who say that a small
any agreement to waive the confi- paper is perhaps provincial and
dence pledge would have to come dull, he said: "Wear your provin-
from these people individually." cialism proudly."
LONDON ()-Britain yesterday
told its ambassadors in the Israeli
and Arab capitals to press for ac-
ceptance of Prime Minister An-
thony Eden's offer to mediate in
the Palestine dispute.
The Foreign Office said the en-
voys will express the "warm hope"
of Her Majesty's government for
a peace settlement" and seek an-
swers to Eden's peace appeal.
In a speech Wednesday night
Eden said "the British government
and I personally are available to
render any service to bring about
an Arab-Israel peace. H'e reiter-
ated the British-American offer to
guarantee a settlement.'
Ready to Meet Representatives
In a statement on the 2den
declaration, the Israeli Embassy
said Israel is ready "to meet Arab
representatives, without precondi-
tions on either side, for the amic-
able discussion of a just and last-
The Foreign Office did not name
the Arab countries which will be
asked to support Eden's appeal,
but presumably representations,
will be made by Egypt, Jordan,
Syria, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon and
Fear of War
It was made plain that -the new
diplomatic initiative stemmed from
Western fears that Communist
shipments of arms to the Arab
countries might lead to a major
A Foreign Office spokesman told
Arab newsmen that Israel and the
Arab countries could take up
Eden's proposals as an offerof
mediation or support of any other
means of bringing about an end
to Arab-Israeli strife.
"The aim of the British pro-
posals is to promote a spirit of
good will and compromise as the
only basis for serious negotiations,"
the spokesman said.
Asked about the attitude of the
United States State Department;
the spokesman said: "We have
every reason to believe that Sir
Anthony Eden's proposals are in
line with the policy of the United
In anticipation of a possible
wholesale price war Fraternity
Buying Association is waiting until
after Jan. 1 to attempt expansion
into dairy products.
Only canned goods are now
handled by the cooperative food
University Food Buyer Hank
Thompson, Board of _ Directors
member, told the Board yesterday
a nrice war might be caused by a
.. , ..._..., ... ,.. . w _____ .
NOTHING SUPERNATURAL FOR SCIENCE:
Life On Other Planets, Wald Theorizes
By PETE ECKSTEIN
No- Thank You!
The possibility of human life
on countless other planets was ad-
vanced yesterday by Prof. George
Wald of Harvard University.
"Within the observable universe
there are one-hundred-million-
million planets like ours," he said,
on which the necessary conditions
for life exist.
"Given enough time, life will
appear on all of these," and under-
go similar evolution to that on
"You will find many things that
are recognizable - perhaps even
men," Prof. Wald told a crowd
that outgrew Angell Hall's Audi-
torium A and had to walk on to
the Natural Science Auditorium
to hear his lecture on "The Ori-
gins of Life."
"Organic evolution is a part of
the order of the universe," he com-
Life created under natural con-
ditions today could not survive-
because of rotting and oxidation,
he explained. However, neither
decay-causing bacteria nor free
oxygen existed on earth before
Geologists believe, he added,
that the world's present supply of
free oxygen resulted from the ac-
tion of plant photosynthesis on the
water molecule, splitting the hy-
drogen from the oxygen.
In attempting to explain the ori-
gin of life from inanimate matter,
Prof. Wald said science has had
to face the fact that all organisms
are made up of "organic" mole-
cules, carbohydrates, fats, nuc-
leic acids and amino acids, the
components of protein.
Until recently it was believed
these "organic" molecules could
nnlr h nrmed in 1ivine ces.
vehicle in which organic mole-
cules could continually collide, re-
act and form larger and more
Allowing two billion years -
about half the earth's estimated
geologic age-for this process of
"knocking together" of organic
molecules, he said living organisms
could easily have developed from
the more stable of the aggregates
Life Without Oxygen
Life without oxygen would-have
been impossible for the first cells,
he asserted, except that cells were
able to derive energy by "fermen-
tation" of some of the organic
compounds present in the ocean.
Prof. Wald compared this ori-
ginal source of energy to the fer-
mentation of sugar by yeast.
Before the early organisms "ran
out of molecules to ferment they
invented a new process - photo-
4 .. .:.