THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THURSDAY OCTOBER &,195;
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94P l'~irliian :Dzihj
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSrrTY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AU±HORITY OF BOARDIN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
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"That Simplifies Things, But Not Very Much"
' -- s
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1955 NIGHT EDITOR: LEW HAMBURGER
Panhel Tries But Rushing
Problems Still Remain
SHE came out of the League with downcast consideration. First, more chapters of more
eyes. You couldn't see her crying, but you sororities, as quickly as they can be installed
knew she was about to. Crying isn't fashionable, and located. That, however, isn't a quick
Not even when your ego has been slapped process-it requires great initiative and leader-
down flatly. ship and the will to surmount a long series of
Her counselor had been kind. It wasn't obstacles.
her fault that there'd been no invitations. Ac- Rushing, too, might be .held immediately
tifally it wasn't anybody's, in Orientation Wek, as is done at Northwest-
She was, she guessed, a victim of an odd ern, Colorado and some other universities Real
set of circumstances. Her cashmere sweaters orientation to the daily campus routine comes
and Bermuda shorts were above r'eproach; her after classes have started. That's the time
high school grades impressive; and her social when extra hours are needed to study, and
graces quite adequate. when a shorter rush period would be welcomed.
UT they'd dropped her. She had no idea AS MATTERS now stand, affiliates have
why. The parties, while a strain, had been many empty hours during Orientation
fun. Week, which could easily be devoted to rush-
After the first set, when the 19 houses ing. The time saved would make colds and
had unlimited invitations, she was asked back coughs milder, and lessen the dark circles under
to 12. Then the cutting came-ruthless, even eyes of sorority members. (It must be remem-
though unintentionally. She, apparently, was bered that rushing is more strenuous from
expendable. So were about 900 others who the "inside" than it is for the rushees.)
have been or who will be eliminated (although Fall rushing, in itself, isn't harmful. Being
many rushees dropped of their own accord). dropped in the race is not traumatic, and car-
Panhellenic had tried. Its intentions were ries no stigma or disgrace or inadequacy. An
the best, with an IBM machine employed to independent life offers advantages envied, in
grind out the fates of the 1,285 rushees-leav- many respects, by every affiliate. But these
Ing time for counselors and officials to devote truths will be clouded on Sunday, when only
to the individual and personal angles. a third of those who registered months ago for
rushing hurry triumphantly to the sorority
HE new sorority helped, too. But it wasn't houses.
enough for the rushee who had been There's nothing wrong with the other two-
dropped. Flaws, even in a well-planned system, thirds.
are inevitable. --JANE HOWARD
Some answers to the problem are worth Daily Associate Editor
"Order Diapers For 'M' Men"
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following editorial is re- Walter Rea said, "Our pep rallies draw well
printed from Monday's "Michigan State University but are always orderly and well organized."
RIDAY night the students of the University to take good teams in stride . . . In the old
F of Michigan -were scheduled to hold a pep days they would overturn streetcars, created
rally. Some of them did. The others found disturbances in theaters, stage snake dances
more interesting ways to vent their "pep and and generally be troublesome after pep rallies.
steam." But those things don't happen on the campus
Over 5,000 students met in front of the anymore."
Michigan Men's Union to attend the rally.
More than half of them, predominately males, THESE are the same people who have, in the
took the "interesting" course of action. past, branded Michigan State students as
They marched downtown to Ann Arbor. "childish" and "juvenile." This is the same
First on the agenda was pushing a car through school that implied Spartans should be wear-
a store front-good, clean fun. ing knee pants.
Then the throng moved to a theater and This is the school that boasts of its "ma-
clambered onto the marquee to rearrange the turity" and casts haughty glances at Spartans
letters into "pep" slogans. when they get out of line.
HEN a Michigan "man" stood on his buddy's Friday night's debacle leaves this "holier
shoulders and yelled, "To the Hills." "The than thou' attitude looking hollow, if not
Hills" are the home of Michigan's women's silly.
dorms. As for the question, "How can they be
There followed a wild rush for the dorms punished?"-that is simple. Punish them like
and an even wilder panty raid. The "men" any misbehaving juvenile-slap their little
rushed through the aorms searching for ling- hands with a ruler and stand them in a corner.
erie, climbed walls and battered doors and It worked in kindergarten and it should work
University officials then took a "boys will As for the charge that Spartans should be
be boys" attitude and wondered how the boys wearing knee pants-maybe the U of M would
could be punished since none had been appre- be wise in ordering some new panties for its
hended. With over 2,000 men storming around girls and some diapers for its "men."
three dorms, none could be caught. -MICHIGAN STATE NEWS
Prior to the "rally" U of M Dean of Men Monday, Oct. 3
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Nixon Gets Role, Not Powers
-BY WALTER LIPPMANN
,ip.r -'m v tr.+ +M Powr =.
History of Freedom Balloons
-BY DREW PEARSON
THERE has been so much con-
fusion over the freedom-
friendship balloons launced from
Germany to iron curtain countries,
that it is time the. American pub-
lic got a full picture of the facts.
Chancellor Adenauer aside at a
Moscow garden party and showed
Premier Bulganin recently took
him a balloon that had come down
over Russia carrying anti-Com-
munist propaganda and asked him
to stop the balloon-launching. Ad-
enauer seemed upset about the
matter, and the U.S. ambassador
in Moscow, Charles Bohlen, was
upset because Adenauer was up-
IT SO happens that I made the
original arrangements for balloon-
launching from West Germany,
and the German Government had
nothing to do with it. The Amer-
ican Government also had noth-
ing to do with it, except in a pure-
ly negative way. The project was
entirely one of private enterprise,
carried on chiefly by the Crusade
For almost three years I had
urged the state department, the
Army, and Air Force tocooperate
in launching these balloons to
people behind the iron curtain.
The Army had a stock of sur-
plus weather balloons which were
certain to deteriorate with time,
and which could have been used
to carry propaganda. However,
we got no cooperation. Some of-
ficials were even emephatically
In the state department and
the Army Psychological Warfare
Section, for instance, it was ar-
gued that the idea of sending
propaganda across the iron cur-
tain by balloon should be saved
for some moment of great emer-
gency when the nation was on
the brink of war.
* * *
FINALLY ED Barrett, former
editor of Newsweek, then Assist-
ant Secretary of State in charge
of information, not only agreed
but persuaded other State De-
partment officials to lift their
ban on any balloon propaganda.
In brief, the State Department
neither approved nor disapprov-
ed. While they gave no approval,
nevertheless Germany at that
time was under military occupa-
tion, so that if the State Depart-
ment had disapproved no bal-
loons could have been launched.
Following this I called on .S.
High Commissioner John J. Mc-
Cloy in Frankfurt, who agreed
there would be no objection to
trying out the balloon propaganda,
provided the United States mere-
ly expressed the friendship of
the American people for people
behind the iron curtain and did
not tend to incite war.
* * *
THE LEAFLETS had been care-
fully prepared with this in mind.
It was considered important,
from a psychological point of view,
to make the enterprise wholly
American, and to give it as much
labor backing as possible.
The first balloons, launched on-
ly to Czechoslovakia, proved such
a success that they have been con-
tinued by the Committee for Free
Europe and Free Europe Press ev-
er since, but only to Czechoslo-
vakia, Poland and Hungary.
And though it is now possible
to send them all the way to Rus-
sia, this has not been done by the
Committee for Free Europe or
Free Europe Press.
,* , ,
THE BALLOON which Premier
Bulganin showed Chancellor Ade-
nauer in Moscow and the propa-
ganda depicting Bulganin as an
ape, was launched by a Russian
emigre group, not by the Commit-
tee for Free Europe or Free Europe
The latter organizations have
launched 342,700 balloons over Po-
land, Czechoslovakia and Hungary
in the last year and a half carry-
ing 200,000,000 leaflets. But they
have confined.the propaganda to
news of the outside world, to re-
minding the people behind the iron
curtain of our friendship and their
(Copyright, 1955, Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
AT THE DAC:
FOLK-SINGING has become a
full-scale operation in Ameri-
ca within the last twenty years
or so. The folk-sing devotee has
his pick of styles ranging from
the smooth, professional delivery
of Harry Belafonte to the "tear-
into-it" manner of Pete Seeger.
Last night the audience at the
Dramatic Arts Center had the
highly fascinating experience of
seeing one of the originals.
John Jacob Niles has been sing-
ing and collecting folk songs for
48 Years, he says with pride. The
white-haired Kentuckian in black
tie and tails looks and acts the
role of the "Dean of American
Folklore.'' His collection of 65
songs he calls the "classic Ameri-
can folk songs," and with great
zest he sang more than twenty
of them for his audience.
Niles' delivery is not the polish-
ed thing that many followers of
balladry expect. At 63 his voice
has a way of cracking that un-
doubtedly antagonized many of
the more sophisticated musicians
in the audience. But folk-singing'
isn't for the concert stage. John
Jacob Niles made us remember
that folk singing comes from back
THE EMOTIONAL IMPLICA-
TION of the song is the most im-
portant thing to Niles. He makes
his emotional appeal without any
veneer of professional training. He
wants his songs to come across
to the audience with the undis-
guised feeling of the people who
originally sang them.
Sometimes his emotion became
stylized, as if he were playing up
to the audience in accepted ways.
He is an actor, that is certain,
testing his audience as he ad-
mitted, wanting them to get the
effect he desired. But the original
folk-singer was an actor too, tell-
ing the old stories like "Barbara
Allen" over and over again in
the same stylized ways.
The wonderful thing that Niles
did last night was to make con-
tact with his audience. He talked
to them patiently before he even
began, giving them a chance to
warm up to his personality. He
talked to them in between his
songs, and he made them feel as
if he were interested in them.
"IT WAS AWFUL perty to be
with you-tonight," Niles ended.
And even if he had said the same
line to a hundred other audiences,
it still was impressive. He was a
man giving the best performance
A FILM version of the Third
Crusade against the Infidels
to free the Holy Lands in 1191
is presented at the Architecture
Auditorium in "King Richard and
Richard's main battles during
the Crusade are presented as hav-
ing occurred with certain of his
own nobles who wish to take his
power for their own. Notable
of these is Sir Giles, trusted
Grand Master of the Castle
A loyal knight, Sir Kenneth of
Huntington, though a Scotsman,
warns Richard of the enemies in
his camp. Too late in his warn-
ing, an arrow from Sir Giles' ar-
cher fells Richard in his tent.
A CHANCE encounter with an
Infidel in the desert while Rich-
ard lies dying allows Sir Kenneth
to bring home a physician sent
by Saladin to heal Richard.
Though at war, Saladin has learn-
ed from some of the other Cru-
sades that Chivalry is one of the
best codes of conduct.
His acton brings the commend-
able comment from Kenneth that
"By Our Lady, this is Chivalry,"
which it truly is.
True or not, the action saves
Richard. By the end of the film,
Sir Kenneth has won Edith, a
royal cousin, and has killed the
evil Giles; Saladin has learned
more of the code of Chivalry; and
Richard decides he better get
home and get the throne back
from his brother John, a usur-
THE SCREENPLAY, taken by
John Twist from Sir Walter
Scott's "The Talisman," would be
of questionable caliber for use as
an elementary school operetta.
Unintentional humor in acting
and dialogue does make several
scenes quite amusing; in fact the
gesturing, side comments, and
stilted posing make the scene
concerning who gets the royal cou-
sin (Kenneth or Saladin) truly
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Uniersity
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the sunday edition must be in
by 2 p.m. Friday.
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1955
VOL. LXVII, NO. 10
Regents Meeting: Friday October 2
communications for consideration at
this meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than October 20.
Freshman Testing Program: Make-up
sessions for Freshmen who missed any
of the Aptitude tests given Mon., Tues.,
Wed. or Fri. of Orientation Week Will
be held on Tues., Oct. 4 and Thurs.
Oct. 6. Please report to Aud. B, Angell
Hall promptly at 7:00 p.m. For further
information call Ext. 2297.
Notice-University Parking Permits
on Cars Bearing Out-state Licenses.
The Ann Arbor Police Department
has called to the attention of the
University the Provision of Michigan
law requiring all residents of Michi-
gan to have an operator's license to
operate a motor vehicle and to have
Michigan license plates on their cars.
The provision of the Michigan stat-
ute permitting nonresident owners of
pleasure vehicles tb operate a motor
vehicle in this state for a period not
exceeding 90 days without securing
cable to Michigan residents.
The Ann Arbor Police Department he
issued a warning that all full-time
staff members of the University are
presumed to be Michigan residents and
that motor vehicles bearing a Univer-
sity parking permit and out-state licen-
se plates will be presumed to be
operated in violation of law.
Marshall Scholarships at British Uni-
versities. Twelve awards offered every
year to American graduates, men and
women under the age of 28. Tenable
for two years, each has an annual value
of 550 pounds, with an extra 200 pounds
for married men. Deadline for the ap-
plication is Oct. 15. Information on
where to write for applications, Offices
of the Graduate School.
Special meeting of the Michigan ehap.
Iter of the A.A.U.P. at 7:30 p.m., Thurs.,
Oct. 6, East Conference Room. Rackham
Building. Proposed constitution for
State Conference of A.A.U.P. chapters
will be considered.
Regent's Rules Governing Operation
of Motor Vehicles by Students:
"No student in attendance at the
University of Michigan shall operate
any motor vehicle. Any student violat-
ing this rule shall be liable to disciplin-
ary action by the proper University
authorities. In exceptional and extra-
ordinary cases in the discretion of the
Dean of Men, this rule may be relaxed."
(Bylaws, 1948, Sec. 8.05)
The regulation governs the use of a
car as well as the operation of' one;
consequently, it is not permissible for
a student to use his car or his family'.
car for social, personal, or other pur-
poses. Any act of driving or of gaining
the use of an automobile without first
securing permission from the Office of
Student Affairs, will constitute grounds
Permission to have, or to operate, a
motor vehicle while in attendance at
the University of Michigan is granted
only upon formal request and applica-
tion.'Such permissionto operate, or to
keep, an automobile in the Ann Arbor
area is granted to the applicant on the
basis of a legitimate need, properly
Students within the following groups
may apply for an "exempt driving per.
mit" by calling at the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs, 1020 Administration
Building, and by supplying that office
with complete information about their
(a) Those who are twenty-six years
of age or older .
(b) Those who have a rating of
teaching fellow or higher.
(c) Junior, and Senior Medical stu-
It is emphasized that exemption is
not granted automatically, but is given
only upon personal request.
Any other student who has absolute
need (such as for reasons of health,
commuting, etc.) for the use of an au-
tomobile while In attendance at the
University may petition for a "special
permit" at the Office of Student Af-
Any student whose home is beyond a
radius of 175 miles, and who now has
his car in Ann Arbor, may register that
car for "Storage," All Information re-
lated to the automobile, the fact of Its
presence in the Ann Arbor area, to-
gether with the address of the place
of storage (or parking area) must be
filed with the Office of Student Af-
fairs. Thereafter, the automobile may
be driven legitimately only during those
periods when driving restrictions are
lifted, as announced in the "Daily
Before permission to drive is grant-
ed, each student, including those who
are in an "exempt" category, must
furnish the following ,information: 1.
State License plate number, 2. Driver's
License number, 3. Evidence of Pubio
Liability and Property Damage Insur-
ance on his automobile: (a) Name of
the Insurance Company, (b) Policy
number, (c) Expiration date of policy.
Students under 21 years of age must
have written permission from parent
or guardian to operate an automobile
while attending the University.
All students who have permits to
drive, or have automobiles in the Ann
Arbor area, are responsible for prompt-
ly reporting any change in license plate
number, drivers license number, the
sale of an automobile, or the acquisi-
tion of another vehicle.
Failure to comply with all regula.
tions governing the use of automobiles
by University students will invite pen-
alties in the form of monetary fines,
and/or withdrawal of the driving per-
The following student sponsored
social events are approved for the com-
ing week end:
October 4: Alpha Omega.
To The Editor
AFTER Mr. Sherman Adams and Mr.
Brownell returned to Washington last
week, a decision was taken about the delega-
tion of the President's powers and duties.
It was that the ceremonial functions, so
far as they were necessary, would be performed
by'the Vice-President but that the substantive
powers of his office were to be exercised for
the President by the White House officials.
This means among other things that the
political prerogatives of the President-those
particularly which flow from the patronage
at his disposal and from his administrative
decisions-are not to be delegated even tem-
porarily to the Vice-President. They are to
'be retained in the White House.
The decision carries with it confirmation
of a point which Mr. Roscoe Drummond has
been making, namely that before his illness
the President, though he thinks highly of Mr.
Nixon as Vice-President, had not made up
his mind about a successor in case he decided
not run again in 1956.
The firm action taken by Mr. Adams last
week keeps the President uncommitted, even
indirectly oy by implication, to Mr. Nixon or
to anyone else. There is to be no impression
created that Mr. Nixon is the acting President,
and therefore the self-evident successor to
THE Constitution, as we know, lacks a clear
provision about how the President's func-
tions are to be performed in case of partial
disability. In a case of total disability we
not hold the office of President. But there is
no Constitutional provision for the kind of par-
tial and temporary disability which is what
the news from Denver has'led us to expect.
In these circumstances Mr. Adams might
well say that things have changed at the White
House since Wilson's illness thirty-five years
ago. The White House, that is to say the of-
fice of President, has been transformed from
a personal office into a department of govern-
To this department there have already
been delegated a great part of the President's
functions-at least up to the final stages of
Mr. Adams has acted with admirable de-
cision to fill the Constitutional vacuum. If
he and his department now operate with reas-
onable candor, letting it be known who in fact
is responsible for the important substantive de-
cisions of policy, the authority they have as-
sumed will not be challenged and they can
rely upon the good will of the people.
THE problem of President Eisenhower's suc-
cessor will now have to be faced by the Re-
publican leaders. The problem arises from
the fact that there is not as yet in sight an
available Republican of national reputation
who has the confidence and can command the
support of the vast and heterogenous collection
of Eisenhower voters.
This problem was there just under the sur-
face before the President fell ill. It has been
there, in fact, ever since he began to express
What Happened .. .
To the Editor:
CONCERNING YOUR Sunday
editorial: we think it is un-
In the editorial you say that one
thinks that "students are suffer-
ing from too early separation from
their mothers." In other words
you are blaming the demonstra-
tion on the freshmen. From what
we heard and saw many of the
participants were upper classmen.
They and those that enrolled be-
fore them were no older than the
freshmen that enrolled this year.
As far as the pep rally goes, all
of the posters stated that it would
be held in front of the Union.
While we were waiting for the
band in front of the Union, it
played five marches at Ferry
Field, marched back to their bus-
ses and was dismissed. The 1,000
or so students were left full of
pent up emotion that had to be
If the pep rally had been or-
ganized and had started on time,
we could have gotten together,
sang songs, had a pep talk, listened
to the band and had some cheers;
this would never have happened.
Last year for pep rallies we walked
all the way to Yost Field, usually
in the rain, only to have the cheer-
leaders an hour late or else they
wouldnot show upat all. That is
one of the reasons "not enough
pep is generated."
In conclusion we have just two
questions to ask: Why was not
the band in front of the Union as
scheduled, and, where were the
--The Palmer Penthouse
Of Manners and Morals
To The Editor:
IT SEEMS that the great Uni-
versity of Michigan has come
to a new low in manners and
morals when students run ram-
pant into girls' dormitories snatch-
ing very personal belongings in
One cannot help but wonder how
University officials would like to
have their own daughters sub-
jected to such moronic behavior.
There will always be some boys
(and girls) in any University who
come for the fun they can get out
of it and the numbers of scrapes
they can pride themselves in get-
ting out of.
Fortunately there are many
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