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February 24, 1956 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1956-02-24

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Sixty-Sixth Year

Anions Are Free.
Will Prevail"

orials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Y. FEBRUARY 24, 1956


Long, Uphill Fight Needed
To Overcome Sorority Bias

"Just Let Me Catch Some Soldiers Movring In Here"
l r
G '
' t
7~ w
a~ 1 ZA.

Golden Arm a Real
Cinema A chievement
THE MAN WITH THE GOLDEN ARM" is a very important motion
picture. It should be seen for a number of reasons and the most
important of them is that it is an excellent film.
The problem of narcotics addiction is attacked honestly in the
picture. Unfortunately, this is a violation of the Motion Picture
Producers Code, an out of date and tightly binding set of rules 'that
prohibit such things as narcotics problems, sex life and the like from
appearing on the American screen-the lily white and generafly insipid
American screen.
PRODUCER-DIRECTOR Otto Preminger decided to run the risk of
a great deal of trouble by dropping from the Code and producing this
film independently without the shiny seal of approval stamped on it.
Possibly he considered the publicity such a move would bring, but the
point is that Preminger broke a backward code that needed to be broken.
Such an upstart move was necessary to take the censorship code off its
plaster pedestal where it has done more harm to motion pictures than
It would have been unfortunate, then, if Preminger had made this
test case in defense of a sensationalistic and poorly done film. Happily,
"The Man With the Golden Arm" is a real achievement which, in addi-
tion to the popular appeal it will surely have, attains artistic merit.
It is a picture of immense power, dealing with strong material
intelligently, shot in a handsome style that, does credit to American


MUCH TOO optimistic outlook on the
sorority bias question came out of Wednes-
y's Student Government, Council meeting.
Reporting to SGC, on the heels of a similar
port about fraternity discrimination, the Pan-
llenic Association president made two major
ints. First, and superficially most encour-
ing, was that of the 19 campus sororities 17
ve stated, via their national organizations,
at there are no bias clauses in their consti-
From the other two, the Panhel head said,
ere has been "word of mouth" proof of free-
m from discrimination. This proof can be
ken only at face value.
Secondly came the assertion: "alumnae can-'
t definitely keep a particular girl out of a
rority." Of this Panhellenic admittedly has
proof. There's no proof to be had: sor-
ities are secret organizations, legally en-
led to their secrecy.
'HE TWO 'statements point up to an area of
long-veiled turbulent controversy. In re-
nt years much attention has been focused on
scrimination in fraternities (and with most
luable results), but the spotlight hasn't shone
t the feminine side of the Greek-letter world.
For understandable reasons, national sor-
ties regard examination and criticism of
eir policies from outside (and even from in-.
le) with extreme distaste. Tendency for the
:ups, united in the National Panhellenic'
uncil, has been to hide behind precepts of
crecy and to avoid any change of the status
If discriminatory clauses exist in even two
rority constitutions, as is apparently the
se, there's urgent cause for a change in Na-
nal Panhel policy. Because all the consti-
tions are kept sealed ("possibly," it was
ggested at SGC, "with Scotch tape"), no-
dy at the University is authorized to make
blic their contents. The action, therefore,

must come from internal ranks-from within
the sororities themselves.
Panhel's campus president spoke well for the
affiliates she represents with the statement that
biased attitudes are found only among sor-
ority alumnae-and not in the undergraduate
ranks. If this is true the discrimination prob-
lem might be expected to solve itself when
today's active chapter members inherit their
roles as active alumnae.
That, however, will be a process of some
twenty years. And in the meantime there are
many women active in sorority circles who have
not been raised in the "every week is Broth-
erhood Week" atmosphere familiar to today's
undergraduates. These are the women who,
bias clauses or no, are responsible for restrict-
ing sorority memberships to the usual cate-
ONE FUNDAMENTAL truth must be remem-
bered. Whether ox not a sorority has a
bias clause, it will not stop discriminating. The
very definition of the word "discrimination" has,
become warped through recent years, and it
might be recalled that every organization's pre-
rogative is to select its own members. To force
anybody on a sorority on basis of race or re-
ligion alone would violate basic democratic
But to open sorority doors to any prospective
member approved by undergraduate chapters,
without chance of written or "understood" op-
position, would be a vital step-possibly the
most vital in Panhellenic history. It's the re-
sponsibility of today's campus affiliates to fight
any evidence of bias in their elders with reason
and understanding, and with determination.
This must be dcfne on two levels: constitutional
and alumnae pressure.
Sorority members might well take on this
Associate Editor.

; .:

G LWsv
By rWPEAR N.per,
Gas Lobby Wants Revenge

W ardrop Issue Points
To Shaky Athletic Season

sented the other side of the Wardrops' sus-
pension yesterday. With the Wardrops defended
they want to let the matter rest.
Suspension for "insubordination" of one of
the world's greatest swimmers naturally has
provoked lengthy comment the past few days.
Unfortunately the story has unfolded sporadi-
cally and conflicting reports have done little
more than confuse the issue. It is apparent the
reasons for suspension go deeper and beyond
the incident at the pool last Saturday.
The Wardrop case by itself proves little. Re-
gardless of reasons for the action, isolated
instances of ' insubordination and suspension
happen occasionally at any University whether
sports are overemphasized or not. If the Ward-
ropes' suspension stood by itself it would prob-
ably be quickly dropped.
But student concern goes deeper. Sports fans
and evepi casual observers see the swim teani
incident as part of a disappointing Michigan
athletic pattern spreading over the whole year.
Collapse of Michigan's long-famed dignified
approach to sports is reason for the concern.
THIS YEAR the Champions of the West have
suffered the following indignities:
1) Fans and players turned the last three
minutes of the traditional Ohio-State-Michigan
game into what became nation-famed chaos.
2) Big Ten champion Don Haney dropped off
the wrestling team.
3) Big Ten champion high jumper Mark
Booth quit school for a semester before being
induced toreturn.
4) The most recent Michigan-Michigan State
hockey game wasn't even finished when players
and fans turned the last minute into a near riot.
5) And then the Wardrops were suspended.
These are factual examples. Anybody close
Editorial Staff
Dave Baad...................... Managing Editor
Jim Dygert ......,........,.................. City Editor
Murry Frymer..................... Editorial Director
Debra Durchslag ..,.................. Magazine Editor
David Kaplan .................. Feature Editor
Jane Howard ........... «............Associate Editor
Louise Tyor ................... Associate Editor
Phil Douglis .....««............ .. Sports Editor
Alan Eisenberg ... .......... Associate sports Editor
Jack Horwitz ................. Associate Sports Editor
Mary Helithaler .......................Women's Editor
Elaine Edmonds...........Associate Women's Editor
John Hlrtzel ................... Chief Photographer
Business Staff
Dick Aistrom ....................... Business Manager
nha nn.n.4.- A-.+nnin I-s flnel noon Villa n.arn.

to the athletic situation will admit other in-
stances showing something short of perfection.
Agitation isn't the purpose here. We are not
advocating the usual solution-de-emphasis on
sports. The University has established an
athletic framework. The important thing is
maximizing the athletes' educational experience
within this framework.
When near-riots occur and star athletes are
so dissatisfied with Michigan they actually quit
the team the quality of the educational ex-
perience can be seriously questioned.
F SPORTS are to be more than just a play to
win proposition, but a contribution to the
athletes' learning process at Michigan, the work
of the coaches must go beyond the recruiting
stage. It means continuous high quality ini-
struction by hard-working coaches from the
varsity right down to the freshmen.
As the faculty tests its educational contribu-
tion by such methods as faculty evaluations, the
athletic department could well look over its
benefit to education.
It's unfortunate a series of degrading inci-
dents had to provide the spark, but this year's
episodes make a re-examination of the coaching
staff's success in meeting its educational re-
sponsibility not only necessary but mandatory
very soon.
Managing Editor
Nvew books at the Library
Joy, Adm. C. Turner-How Communists Ne-
gotiate; N.Y., Macmillan, 1955.
La Mure, Pierre-Beyond Desire; N.Y., Ran-
dom-House, 1955.
Lindemann, Kalvin-The Red Umbrellas;
N.Y., Appleton-Century Crofts, 1955.
Maynard, Theodore-Bloody Mary; Milwau-
kee, Bruce Pub. Co., 1955.
Mailer, Norman--The Deer Park; N.Y., Put-
nam, 1955.
Mount, Charles Merrill-John Singer Sarg-
ent; N.Y., W. W. Norton, 1955.
Newby, P. H.-The Picnic at Sakkara; N.Y.,
A. Knopf, 1955.
O'Hara, John-Ten North Frederick; N.Y.,
Random House, 1955.
Simpson, Alyse-I Threw a Rose Into the
Sea; N.Y., John Day, 1955.
Spectorsky, A. C.--The Book of Mountains;
N.Y., Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1955.
Stevens, Edmund - North African Powder
Keg; N.Y., Coward-McCann, 1955.
Van der Post, Laurens-The Dark Eye in
Africa; N.Y., Wm. Morrow, 1955.-
Whalen, Grover-Mr. New York; N.Y., G. P.-
Putnam's, 1955.
Wisbey, Herbert T. - Soldiers Without
TT .. T - - .,. .. ..- tr

IN CAPITOL HILL cloakrooms
where Senators lounge and read
the newspapers between votes,
you'll hear it said, with convic-
tion, that Sen. Francis Case of
South Dakota hasn't a chance of
getting re-elected.
The gas lobby, confide his fel-
low Senators, is out to get him,
will spend thousands of dollars to
defeat him.
Personally, I don't believe this.
Having visited South Dakota only
last month, I am convinced that
the people of that state are too
honest and that any effort to
spend money against Case will
boomerang badly.
** *
HOWEVER, the history of the
revenge the Keck family of Sup-
erior Oil 'tried to wreak against
Gov. Earl Warren in California,
certainly gives credence to the dire
predictions of Senator Case's col-
leagues. It was Howard Keck who
put up the $2,500 in 25 $100 bills
which Case spurned and which,
thereby, influenced the veto of
the Gas Bill.
' Chief Justice Warren, when he
,rwas Governor of California, also
rebuffed the Kecks. Bill Keck,
father of Howard, and the dom-
inant member of the family, had
supported Warren for election and
had contributed substantially to
his campaign.
Apparently Keck figurei that
having helped elect Warren he
could control him. But Warren
was not to be controlled. He put
across a highway bill which -in-

volved a substantial increase in
auto-fuel taxes.
This did not please Keck and
the oil companies. They fought
the taxes furiously, but Warren
stood his ground.
* * *
HAT BEGAN the Keck Vendet-
ta against Warren. He never
forgave him. And for some years
he published a throwaway paper
in Los Angeles in which he at-
tacked the governor, accused him
of bein1g a renegade, of turning on
his contributors.
In brief, Keck not only admitted
that he subsidized political candi-
dates, but let it be known that
when he subsidizes them he ex-
pects them to stay subsidized. If
Senator Gore's committee-which
Senators Knowland and Johnson
don't want to do the investigating
-ever gets hold of some of Keck's
papers, those papers will show
that he had every intention when
he tried to give the $2,500 to Sen-
ator Case not only of influencing
Case's vote, but of keeping him
Since Governor Warren would
not stay hitched, Keck proceeded
to get his revenge. In 1950 he
tried to promote Lt. Gov. Goodwin
Knight as a candidate.
** *
BUT KECK was still out for re-
venge, and when Warren was up
for the presidential nomination in
1952, Keck groomed Congressman
Tom Werdel to block Warren for
president and prevent Warren's

control of the California delega-
tion. The Kecks and other oil
moguls dumped all sorts of money
into the Werdel campaign and even
succeeded in carrying Los Angeles
city. Warren, however, managed
to keep control of the California{
delegation at Chicago, even de-
spite Nixon's attempt to bolt, and
in the end, Harlan Hagen, Demo-
crat, beat Werdel for Congress.
Warren, meanwhile has gone on
to bigger things on the Supreme
Court of the United States while
Keck has gone on to try to domi-
nate the Senate of the United
* * *
NOTE 1-What the public does
not realize is that these tremen-
dous political contributions by the
Kecks and other oilmen result from
the 27% oil depletion tax allow-
ance which puts them in a more
favored tax position than any oth-
er group in the USA.
Note 2-What these big contri-
butions also emphasize is 'the ur-
gent need of some such campaign
contribution reform as urged by
Publisher Philip Graham of the
Washington Post, Senator Hen-
nings of Missouri, or Senator Neu-
berger of Oregon.
Note 3-The only Republican
from California who voted against
the Natural Gas Bill when it was
passed last summer was the for-
mer Secretary of Governor War-
ren, William Mailliard, Congress-
oil lobby.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

cinematographers, punctuated with
becomes an integral part of the in-
tensity, and displaying some very
fine and moving acting.
FRANK SINATRA distinguishes
himself superbly in the role of
Frankie Machine, a tormented nar-
cotics addict. In an offbeat role
like this Sinatra could have made
himself a weird spectacle, but he
plays Frankie with depth and un-
derstanding. He is forced to his
addiction by many pressures-his
slum environment, his possessive
wife and his inability to rise above
the elements that have become
part of his life.
The scenes that actually show
Frankie taking the "fix" and en-
during the torture of narcotics
craving are tastefully done and do
not overstep into the bounds of
The other members of the cast,
notably Kim Novak, as the girl
who loves Frankie and wants him
to kick the habit, Eleanor Parker,
as his wife, Arnold Stang, as his
half-moronic friend who gives him
all-important respect,and Darren
McGavin, as the man who supplies
the drug and pressures Frankie to
take up the habit, perform excit-
ingly and add depth to the film. In
every way, the junkies' problem is
handled sympatheticallyrbut not
"The Man With the Golden
Arm" is a film that should be
seen. It does credit to the art of
the motion picture and to the in-
telligence of the American audi-
-David Newman
Home Plans
Show Finn
'Values ]Best
A PANORAMA of Finnish con-
temporary architecture is now
on exhibit in the galleries of
Alumni Memorial Hall. Subjects
range from the modern factory to
the private home with emphasis
on the latter group.
Individual comfort is the value
accented in these modern homes.
In the past man's aspirations,
needs, and values were expressed
architecturally in temples and
public buildings. Now the expres-
sive element of his values is the
The idea of social equality is ex-
pressed by the fact that the home
does not indicate the dweller's
occupation or social position but
rather is a composite of the values
of our society as a whole.
* s a
THESE HOMES are truly beau-
tiful in that they integrate setting,
function and aesthetic value. The
essence of the Scandinavian en-
vironment is realized by the archi-
tect's selection of material and
One is perhaps at a loss to say
whether the edifices were con-
structed as interiors and exteriors,
for the exterior creates an immedi-
ate cognizance of the interior and
vice versa. However, one can say
that the problem of interior and
exterior was not considered per se,
but rather these structures were
meant to convey the idea of free
space and transition by their open
The question as to whether these
dwellings are livable in the tradi-
tional sense is moot. Man today
is not a "home-body," therefore
traditional structures no longer
fill his needs.

LIFE NOW has that transitory
aspect manifested in modern archi-
tecture. Tensions in plan and de-
sign are related to an anxious
world. Contemporary man is not
tranquil - why then should his
abode be so?
An idea drawn from the Orient
is the asche o-. f interorwalls.11

a jazz-based musical score that
THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be In
by 2 p.m. Friday.
General Notices
President and Mrs. Hatcher will hold
an open house for University faculty,
staff, and townspeople on Sun., Feb.
26, from 4:00 to 6:00 p.m., at the Pres-
dent's house.
Freshman Hopwood Contestants should
call for their manuscripts at the
Hopwood Room (1006 Angell Haul).
Late Permission: All women students
who attended the Toronto Symphony
on Wed., Feb. 22, will have late per-
mission until 11:25 p.m.
A Few More Ushers are needed for
Guantics Sat., Feb. 25. All Gulantics
ushers are reminded that the show is
scheduled to start at 8 p.m. and it Is
therefore imperative that they report
at 7 p.m. at Hill Auditorium instead of
7:30 as usual.
Scandinavian Seminar for Cultural
Studies-for the study of Scandinavian
culture and civilization. It provides
the opportunity to know and under-
stand Scandinavia through participation
in the Folk School Movement. Purpose
of the Seminar Is to encourage and
stimulate thought and interest in basi
problems of education, government and
human relations. For further infor-
mation, applications, and scholarship
information, write to the American-
Scandinavian Council for Adult Educa-
tion, 127 East 73 Street, New York 21,
N. Y.
Fellowship Applications available for
the Margaret Kraus Ramsdell Award.
To assist students of the University i
pursuing graduate studies in this coun-
try or abroad, in religious education or
in preparation for the Christian minis-
try. Both men and women mayhapply
for this fellowship. Applications should
be made to the Dean of the Graduate
School, on forms obtainable from the
Graduate School. The deadline is March
15, 1956.
Student Government Council. Sum-
mary of action, meeting of Feb. 22,
Minutes of the meeting of Feb. 15.
Appointment of Lewis Engman to fil1
vacancy until SGC elections.
Appointment of Ralph Kors to Cinema
Guild Board, accepted resignation of
Bill Adams.
Allotment of.$200,.RegionalAssembly,
March 2, 3, 4.
Allotment of not to exceed $1500 for
publication of a Student Activities book-
Calendaring, Slide Rule Ball, May 11.
Limitation on campaign expenditures
for Student Government Council candi-
dates to -$25; expense account to be
submitted three days before election.
March 3-Assembly Ball; May 5--
Crease Ball; May 12-Men's Glee Club
spring concert.
Motion for addition to Section 3,
Activities, University Regulations Con-
cerning Student Affairs, Conduct, and
Discipline, r.. 17 by establishment of
activities criteria.
Fall operations, Book Exchange: Pan-
hellenic Rushing procedures; Panhel-
lenic-Selectivity clauses; Committee on
University Housing and Environmental
Health; Free University of Berlin pro-
gram; Calendaring and constitution
Several Laurel Harper Seeley Scholar-
ships are being announced by the Alum-
ni Association of the University for
the academic year of 1956-57. These
awards are in the amount of $200 each
and are open to both graduate and
undergraduate women. Made on the

basis of scholarship, contribution to
University life and financial need.
Application blanks may be secured at
the Alumnae Council Office in the
Michigan League Building, between 9
a.m.-12 noon and 1-5 p.m. daily. Appli-
cation with references must be filed
by March 30.
Lucy Elliott Fellowship for 1956-57.



Wtardrops Provoke Comment

The Myth Exposed.. .
To the Editor:
THIS list weekend the lop-sided
two-faced myth that is "School
Spirit" was finally exposed. The
shame of it is, though, that two
men like the Wardrops had to be
sacrificed to its greedy maw. As
a result of a long'"series of related
incidents that exposed Michigan's
brand of "Do or Die for the Team"
the Wardrops leained the mean-
ing of bigotry and prejudice.
Here was a classic case of two
men, excelling in their sport, un-
disputed champions, being pulled
down by envious, petty little people
who mouthed mealy cliches about
"team-work" and "honor." Some
even accused Jack Wardrop of not
working for the team. Do they
dare match their list of world
and varsity records with his?
It did not seem to matter to
anyone, from the coaches on down
to the rear-row heckler, that 15
years of rugged training had brok-
en Jack Wardrop's health. What
mattered to all was that Jack did
not finally die in the service of
the University. Apparently the
coaching staff and student body
feels that unless an athlete drops
in his tracks he is not displaying
harniii ,.Wh..1 xatn+t.all + nfth+

men and society mothers can be.
They expected to be judged on
performance, not on how many
backs they slapped or apples they
polished. They discovered that
Honorary memberships are based
on intrigue of the smoke-filled
room variety. Good fellowship is
extended only if you are humble,
modest, grateful and a "nice" guy.
So at last we have found two
men with the courage to rebel
against the code that asks more
of them than it gives in return,
willing to resist the cries of the l
mob and the threats of the offi-
cials. The Wardrops showed a
rare kind of guts-guts they were
told last Saturday by the coaches
they did not have-in sticking to
their convictions. They were
forced into their action and there
are those who are now smiling
smugly that "those foreigners"
got their comeuppance. Their
greatest sin was that they had
dared to be better swimmers than
the boy-next-door . . . and they
were rewarded accordingly.
It will be a long time before we
see the like of the Wardrops
again. And I for one want to
thank them-perhaps their action
was not in vain, and perhaps it
will bring about a re-evaluation of
hnth the Svsten nd the Tradition

ordination, we would like to com-
ment upon the unfair, biased and
degrading insinuations which the
article contained.
It would seem that the main ob-
jective of a news article ,is to in-
form the public of the facts; edi-
torials are for the purpose of ex-
pressing a personal opinion. We
find, however, that the author of
this front page story has ex-
,ressed not facts, but outright blas-
phemy against the characters of
the Wardrops. Can the author sup-
port his statement that the con-
flict between the twins and the
coach was "caused by Jack's dis-
appointment after not being elect-
ed captain of the team?" We find
that this statement has implica-
tions of a degrading quality
against the characters of the
swimmers, and if explored more
closely and intelligently by the
author would certainly be found
to be a false implication.
The statement following which
states, "It is also believed that
he was unhappy when he (Jack)
was not chosen for a Michigan
honorary society last spring," is
even more absurd. This is merely




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