WUS FUND DRIVE
(See Page 4)
Latest Deadline in the State
:43 a t t
VOL. LXVI, No. 92 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1956
ENDEAVOR-Swinging amidst chicken wire, sign poses mystery.
~'n deavor' Rests
n Chicken Wire
A bedraggled piece of cardboard bearing the academic-sounding
word "Endeavor" is now weathering the storm as it attempts to
maintain its position high amid the rafters of the old Automotive
The sign, swinging on-its mount of chicken wire, displays itself in
the now exposed attic almost as if it were an encouragement to the
wrecking company which is dismantling the 60 year old building.
Nobody seems to know the origin or purpose of the sign, but the
"power of imagination has produced
Tomorrow's and Friday's all-
campus bucket drive for the World
University Service has the personal
endorsement of University Presi-
dent Harlan H Hatcher.
In a statement made yesterday,
President Hatcher recalled: "It
was my privilege during the mouth
of January to meet with students
in the Philippines, Formosa and
Japan. I found them eager for
learning and using to the utmost
their own abilities and relatively
meager facilities available to them.
"As I watched these students in
the Far East," Presideit Hatcher
continued, "and reviewed our own
Michigan graduates of recent years
-including two former editors of
The Michigan Daily-the values of
exchange of viewpoints and ex-
periences through education, I
recognized the great contribution
made by World University Service.
"Students everywhere need the
help of each other and of their
faculties, and also of the friends
of higher education and the pro-
ponents of international good will.
"I am happy," he concluded, "to
endorse the special campaign of
WUS and wish for it continued
success in providing funds and
other aids for students around the
Students may contribute to the
two-day bucket drive at collecting
stations throughout the campus.
"What's In it for me?"
This reply was made by a stu-
dent yesterday when asked why he
was not planning to attend tomor-
-row's tryout meeting for Student
Government Council Administra-
tive Wing prospectives.
Several students questioned the
value of spending their time on
SGC's Wing, and even expressed
doubts about attending the meet-
ing at 4:15 in the' Union.
SGC officers point out that from
the point of view of a student in
attendance at a large university,
participation and knowledge of
student government are essential.
Council member Tom Sawyer,
'58, said, "The opportunity to learn
'~the operating system of an organi-
zation and to gain a knowledge of
the problems facing student gov-
ernment in itself is worthwhile."
Wing Coordinator Don Goody
'57 E, pointed out that service on
the Wing would enable students to
gain 'an "over-all view of the
"The Administrative Wing try-
out program offers a diverse, yet
comprehensive, education on such
matters as student government
history, campus problems, the stu-
dent's role at the University and
committee structure of SGC."
Good explains that while tan-
gible benefits are hard to cite in
answer to the question "What's
in it for me?" the chief reason for
a surplus of guesses.
"Of course, we all endeavored in
that place-maybe it signifies
that," William Telfer, who taught
blacksmith shop in the old build-
Prof. Ferdinand N. Menefee of'
the engineering college said, "The
loft was used by a little of every-
body. Various organizations would
build different contraptions there,
and there was a man named Con-
ners or O'Conner who once used
it as a private lab.
"Conners used to come down and
borrow our equipment and tools,"
Prof. Menefee continued. "Per-
haps he put the sign up as an en-
Prof. Walter E. Lay of the en-
gineering college related the story
of how Frank Hawks built in the
loft the glider which he later flew,
across the country.
Whether the sign was hung to
stimulate freshmen engineers or
to generate spirit for an impatient
inventor, it will not rest much
longer in its present position.
SGC to Get
Panhellenic Association will pre-
sent reports on sorority discrimi-
nation and its rushing, study co.
mittee at today's Student Govern-
ment Council meeting at 7:30 in
the Cave Room of the League.
Panhellenic President Debbie
Townsend, '56, will report to the
Council on progress made in areas
of sorority bias. Jane Germany,
'57, will present information on
the current rushing study.
Reports will also be heard on
the SGC Housing Committee and
fall operations of theStudent
Joe Collins, 58, is scheduled to
present recommendations on ap-
proval of such campus activities
as the annual Mudbowl game,
limitation of Council candidates'j
campaign expenditures and infor-
mation on progress of the proposed
all-campus activities booklet.
A discussion will take place on
the coming year's academic calen-
dar which represents a basic
change in the present calendar.
As Chief Area
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the third
the University's Faculty Senate, its r
In areas of economic concer
members say, the Faculty Senate h
Success in economic mattersf
attainment of some selfish goal,1
same atmosphere at the Universil
present top-rate faculty."
Usually made on an annual b
Status of the Faculty reviews ana
benefits of University academic sta
similar positions at other instituti
Other studies are frequentlyr
consideration by the administratio
coverage, faculty insurance and re
in which the Faculty Senate, thr
investigated and reported upon.
According to Prof. Charles G
By VERNON NAHRGANG
In a letter to the Residence
Halls Board of Governors, Prof.
Theodore Newcomb, of the Psy-
chology department, recommended
changes in room applications that
would allow applicants to express
their preferences more freely.
At their weekly meeting, the
Board of Governors also heard
recommendations by Prof. Lionel
H. Laing, of the Political Science
department, for reconstruction of
South Quadrangle's ninth floor.
Prof. Newcomb's letter was read
during a discussion of the Human
Relations Board's report to the
Residence Halls Governors con-
cerning discrimination and Uni-
versity policy in roommate place-
Claims Policy Unclear
His letter stated that present
policy in roommate assignment is
unclear, that students are led to
believe that the University stands
for discrimination, and that the
present practices are misunder-
stood, particularly among minor-
Prof. Newcomb also said that the
questions presently on the room
applicaton forms are insufficient
to let the applicant say all he
might wish to say.
He then recommended that a
new question be placed on the
form, explaining roomate assign-
ment and allowing the applicant
a wide area in which to state any
preferences or demands he might
Should Require Answer
At the same time, Prof. New-
comb stressed in his letter, the
question should not be "loaded,"
but so stated as to require an an-
swer of some sort.
Residence'Halls Governors then
discussed further the problem
raised by the Human Relations
It was suggested that a sub-
committee might even be formed
to study the problem, but no action
was taken, and the governors will
take the matter up again at their
Prof. Laign recommended at yes-
terday's meeting that architects
be asked to present plans for re-
designing the ninth floor of South
Prof. Laing proposed that the
ninth floor study hall, now being
used as temporary housing, be re-
built into double rooms as a perm-
"So far we have received excel-
lent co-operation from the frater-
nity men," said William Holland,'
Health Service Sanitarian. "Sev-
eral houses have already correct-
ed unsafe and unsanitary condi-
Working With Ryan
Health Service' is working with
John Ryan, head of Ann Arbor's
Department of Building Safety
and Engineering, to make the pri-
vate housing units comply with
city sanitation and safety laws.
Ryan said, "Sanitation was one
of the biggest problems we found
in our inspection tours which
started last summer and are still
All but one or two fraternities
had insufficient kitchen facilities,
Most of the houses were ordered
to improve dish-washing equip-
ment, bring the temperature of
washing water up to the sanitary
minimum, and make better ar-
rangements for the disposal of
'The city will make another in-
By BILL HANEY
University and city officials are "quite pleased" with the pro-
gress fraternity and co-operative houses have made in cleaning up
Thirty-two of 43 fraternities, two co-op's and one sorority were
ordered last month to "do a general and complete clean-up on resi-
dences and all surrounding areas." .
spection in April," Ryan said. "All
houses must have sanitary eating
facilities by then, or some provis-
ions to come in compliance dur-
ing the summer, or they will not
be allowed to open in the fall."
Violate Safety Regulations
Next to unsatisfactory sanitation,
the most prevalent warning was
for violation of fire safety regu-
"Most fraternities are old large
houses which have insufficient
wiring," Holland said. "Since
people use more electricity now
than when the houses were con-
structed, the older fraternities
were seldom equipped to take the
Because of this, short-circuits
and small fires from faulty wir-
ing have been quite common re-
cently, he indicated.
City officials are particularly
concerned about fire hazards be-
cause they found facilities for es-
cape in event of a fire are also
Ryan has warned several frater-
nities to either improve present
fire escapes or construct new ones.
While improvements in sanita-
tion must be made immediately,
officials are giving the fraternities
and co-op's sixty days to "show
they are working on improvements
for methods of emergency egress.
Must Submit Report
"In many cases construction or
re-modeling to conform with city
safety restrictions will involve a
great deal of time and expense,"
Holland said. "So to make it easier
for the fraternities we are re-
quiring them to submit a progress
report to Intra-Fraternity Coun-
cil within sixty days of their warn-
Most of the fraternities ordered
to make safety improvements have
already started removing rubbish
piles in basements, replacing
faulty wiring, and keeping sur-
rounding areas cleaner, Holland
Only one sorority was warned to
malee any extensive changes in
sanitation or safety, as opposed
to almost fbrty mens groups.
"This is because men seem to
become lax when living together,"
Holland said. "Regular check-ups
have become necessary to keep the
men in compliance with city regu-
lations, but once we warn them
they are usually quite cooperat-
Ridiculed BY House Group
Red News Agency Chief
Won't Talk for Senate
WASHINGTON (M)--The top-ranking American executive of Tass,
the Soviet news agency, refused yesterday to tell Senate investigators
whether he has associated with Russian spies.
Harry Freeman, once described by ex-Communist Whittaker
Chambers as a "black tie" Communist intellectual, firmly denied
n . ;:
Financial losses for several years
may cause the Ann Arbor City
Bus, Inc., to drop its operating
franchise here as of Sept. 1.
An attempt to locate another
operator is being made by the
Great Lakes Greyhound Lines.
Washington's 224th Birthday,
Celebrated by Nation Today
:.: Today the banks are closed.
That is the recognition that
IxGeorge Washington, the first pres-
ident of the United States, will
receive on his birthday.
> >= " -"""- " ._;:::;. It wasn't always like this. Back
in the 1800's, fathers pointed out
.:2:' .~to their children now little George
had chopped down the cherry tree
and then admitted it in the face of
The fathers told their children
how George Washington had help-
ed Betsy Ross sew the first Ameri
can flag by showing her how to
make a five-pointed star instead
of the usual six-pointed one.
Little children of the last cen-
GEORGE WASHINGtON tury also heard how Washington
his last portrait threw a silver dollar, across the
Potomac, and they saw the paint-
ing of Washington crossing the
Seen When the boys and girls of the
1stigations een twentieth century learn in school
of the many deeds of the man
ofSuccess whose 224th birthday is today. they
S salso !earn the truth of these deeds.
Children ar-' now told that
in a series of articles dealing with George couldn't possibly have
oles and its problems.) chopped down a cherry tree.
SNYDER They are told that neither George
'n o te fculy, ostfacltyWashington nor Betsy Ross could
n to the faculty, most faculty possibly have had anything to do
hlas achieved greatest success- with the making of that particular
is not viewed by the faculty as flag.
but as -necessary to insure "the ' Children are now told that, al-
ty which contributes toward the though it was physically possible
for Washington to have tossed the
asis, the. report on the Economic silver dollar, there were no silver
alytically the salaries nd fringe dos tn.
,ff s cmpaed ith taning of Boys and girls today learn that
ff as compared with standings of Washington would have to have
ons. been a fool 'to cross the Delaware
made by faculty committees for in the way the painting shows.
n. Extension of Social Security Iconoclasts have criticized, ex-
tirement benefits are all matters posed and debunked the myths
ough the aid of committee, has about the father of our country,
but his stature in the eyes of
ordv of the engineering college, millions remains untouched.
4however he himself has engaged in
Freeman, deputy manager for
Tass in this country, was one of
three Soviet news agency employes
called in by a' Senate Internal
Security subcommittee in a study
of how the Kremlin may operate
in the United States outside Com-
munist party channels.
Second in Command
While Freeman is the top Amer-
ican in the Tass bureau in this
country he is actually second in
command since, he testified, the
bureau is headed by Leonid Veli-
chansky, a Soviet citizen.
There was a strain of irony in
Benjamin Mandel, the com-
mittee's research director, read a
passage from Chambers' book,
"Witnesses," describing Freeman
as a dedicated Communist-the
type who "conspires in black ties"
with the backing of Soviet arms.
Declines to Comment
The slight, bald Freeman smil-
ingly declined to comment on the
passage or to say whether he ever
knew Chambers, the onetime mag-
azine editor who was a key figure
in the Alger Hiss case.
Freeman did recall, however,
that. Mandel-the man doing the
reading-was business manager of
the Daily Worker when Freeman
worked for that Communist news-
paper in the 1920s. Mandel, long
ago renounced communism and is
a veteran committee staff member.
Freeman and two other Tass
staffers, Hays Jones and Mrs.
Sasha Small Lurie, all testified
they have not been Communist
party members since joining the
agency. All refused, however, on
grounds'of possible self-incrimina-
tion, to say whether they were
Communists just before they went
to work for Tass.
WASHINGTON (IP) - Secretary
of Agriculture Ezra Benson under-
went a cross-fire of criticism
and ridicule yesterday from hos-
tile 'House Agriculture Committee
Flushing an unaccustomed pink
on occasion, Benson heard the ad-
ministration's farm program called
late, nebulous and political.
The secretary, already given a
rough time by the Senate Agri-
culture Committee, was summoned
before the House group to outline
the administration's farm propo-
sals-including flexible price sup-
ports and a "soil bank" for taking
surplus cropland out of produc-
Voted Last Year
The House committee last year
voted to junk the flexible support
system for a return to high rigid
price supports. The Senate com-
mittee has voted likewise this
Chairman H. J. Cooley (D-N.C.)
at the outset accused Benson of ig-
noring the committee in submit-
ting specific proposals, and ordered
him to have the program ready in
legislative detail "by Monday."
"You've been in office three
years and to this day -we have
never had an official bill," Cooley
declared, and in evident sarcasm
told Benson to "advise with your
attorneys so you won't request
authority you alreadyhave."
Cooley Keeps Prodding
Under Cooley's prodding, Ben-
son acknowledged 'the soil bank
feature of the program is not new,
and that the Department of Agri-
culture had rejected similar pro-
posals contained in two House
bills as recently as last July.
"You admit it's not new with
you," Cooley fired back. "Then
why do you come so late?"
Benson agreed the soil bank idea
went back to the Biblical days of
Joseph in Egypt. He said that
his program took the best feat-
ures of proposals that have been
made, and combined them.
Rain, Floods Soak
PORTLAND, Ore. (.IP)-Heavy rains caused floods that isolated the
northern California coastal city of Eureka yesterday and resulted in
three drownings in southern Washington.
The deluge also started earth-slides that blocked highways and
rail lines over a wide area. Some places got half a foot of rain and
more within 24 hours.
Two men drowned near Prosser, Wash., when overflow from an
irrigation canal trapped them in a discharge tube they were repairing.
Rising flood waters and slides severed all communications with
Eureka except radio.
Humboldt Country streams spilled out of their banks again,
recalling last December's damag-
The Eel River also was expected ,
to flood. National
Two large earthslides in the Eel
River Canyon and several smaller Roundup
slides blocked the Northwestern d
Pacific Railroad's tracks in Cali-
fornia. By The Associated Press
From northern California into MONTGOMERY, Ala.-A grand
eastern Washington the Pacific jury yesterday indicted 15 persons
Northwest was plagued by floods involved in Montgomery's Negro
and threats of floods. bus boycott.
Major rivers, though, stayed in The grand jury warned that vie-
their bank. ence is inevitable unlesra
The subordination of the Negro
to the status of second class citi-
zens weakens the nation's influ-
ence abroad Prof. Paul G. Kauper
pointed out yesterday in the last
lecture of the Thomas M. Cooley,
Recent advances in equal rights
for Negroes is due in part to the
fact that the nation could not re-
concile racism with its democratic
values during World War II he
He also pointed out that most
people in the country have come
to feel that citizens good enough
to fight and die in defense of the
country are good enough to share
equally in the enjoyment of rights
The boycott has been under way
11 weeks in protest against segre-
gated seating on buses, required
under Alabama law.
The grand jury report said the
boycott is a violation of Alabama
law which prohibits boycotting
without "a just cause or legal
The jury said the boycott origi-
nated with 18 members of what it
called the interdenominational al-
liance composed mostly of Negro
ministers. Those 18 members
created the Montgomery Improve-
ment Assn. which has financed the
boycott to the extent of some
$18,000, the report continued.
w * *
itated over the tank sale to Saudi
Arabia and other aspects of United
States foreign policy yesterday
prepared to give Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles a not-so-warm
welcome home from a vacation in
* * s
DETROIT - Amid shouts from
his flock that "all is well," James
F. (Prophet) Jones returned to his
home yesterday after a night
in jail to await examination on a
Some 300 of his followers over-
flowed the court room as the reli-
gious cult leader stood mute at his
arraignment. Recorders Judge
Geald W. Groat entered a plea of
innocent and get examination for
NEW YORK - Edwin Franko
Goldman, 78, whose name has been
identified with free open air band
concerts for nearly 40 years, died
MacMillan to Lead Hill Concert
By GAIL GOLDSTEIN
The Toronto Symphony Or-
chestra, conducted by Sir Ernest
MacMillan, will appear at 8:30 p.
m. today in Hill Auditorium.
The present orchestra dates back
to the Conservatory Symphony
Orchestra formed in 1906. In
1908, a charter was issued in the
name of the Toronto Symphony
Kunits. Though several conduct-
ors were suggested to replace him,
the unanimous decision of the Or-
chestra's Board of Directors was
Ernest Campbell MacMillan who
was knighted by King George V in
1935 for services to Canadian
During Sir Ernest's first year as
conductor, the idea of fulllength
evening concerts was inaugurated.
The adivent of talkinu pictures.