'THEY WERE GOING
(See Page 4)
Latest Deadline in the State.
VOL. LXVI, No. 91 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1956
State Department Says
Areas of Over-all Faculty Body
Termed 'Intangible, Undefined'
By DICK SNYDER
Authorized "to consider any subject pertaining to the interests
of the University," the Faculty Senate has a history dating to at
Available records, according to Prof. George E. McEwen, Senate
secretary, show that the present faculty organization has been known
as the University Senate and the University of Michigan Senate, while
the present Senate Advisory Committee is the predecessor of the
Senate Council and University Council.
Powers of the various bodies, whose membership has always con-
sisted basically of faculty members of professional rank, are for the
OOrder for Arabia
Gets Crisler Okay
By ED SALEM
Michigan Athletic Director H. 0. "Fritz" Crisler said yesterday
that swimming coach Gus Stager was justified in his recent suspension
of the Wardrop twins from the swimming team.
In an interview with Daily Sports Editor Phil Douglis, Crisler
said that "coaches don't make rash decisions in cases like this."
Crisler said the Wardrops "made a mistake and were pretty
sorry boys last Sunday afternoon. The suspension was unfortunate to
WASHINGTON (MP-A Just-re-
signed United States attorney tes-
tified yesterday oil company lawyer
John M. Neff tried to hire him to
lobby for the natural gas bill and
then attempted to give him $500
for his children.
Testifying through tears at times
the former Lexington, Neb., off i-
cial, Donald R. Ross, said Neff
made these overtures-and he re-
jected them--after he arranged
meetings between Neff and Ne-
braska's Republican Sens. Carl
Curtis and Roman Hruska.
Ross was the first witness as a
special Senate committee unex-
pectedly reopened and broadened
an inquiry into a $2,500 campaign
contribution offered by Neff o
Sen. Francis Case (R-SD) but re-
jected by the Senator.
Several other inquiries-one by
a, federal grand jury-are under
way with the prospect some may
go into the whole field of lobby-
ing and campaign contributions.
The lobbying question was a factor
In President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower's veto of the' gas bill.
Ross, a Republican, resigned his
post last Saturday, saying he had
done nothing wrong but didn t
want to embarrass his party
through his connection with Neff,
a longtine friend.
The Senate committee heard in
an earlier phase of its investiga-
tion that Neff offered the $2,500
to Case, and actually gave $2,500 to
the Nebraska State Republican
Committee, on behalf of Howard
B. Keck, president of the Superior
Oil 'Co. of California.
In Lexington, where he has a
law office, Neff declined to com-
ment on Ross' testimony, saying
he can't discuss the case while he
is under federal grand jury sub-
c'if t' Inquiry
WASHINGTON (P-The Senate
Democratic Policy Committee un-
animously recommended late yes-
terday that a new special biparti-
san committee be set up to make
a broad inquiry into campaign
gifts and lobbying.
Sen. Lyndon Johnson of Texas,
the Democratic leader, said a reso-
lution to create the new group will
be brought before the Senate at
the earliest possible date, probably
Sen. Johnson said the new group,
with 'membership equally divided
between Republicans and Demo-
crats, would be asked to undertake
a. "far reaching and thorough in-
vestigation of lobbying, attempts
to pressure and to influence sena-
tors, campaign contributions and
any and all improprieties that may
The plan would be to have the
special committee take up where
the committee headed by Sen.
Walter George (D-Ga.) leaves off
with its report on the inquiry into
the rejection of Sen. Francis Case
(R-S.D.) of a $2,500 campaign con-
tribution while the natural gas
bill was before the Senate.
Five Lucky Stubs
To Fall From Sky
4most part intangible and uncle
Prof. McEwen terms the Senate
"an organ to express the will of
the total University faculties and
to direct that will to whatever
agency it pertains.
"The Senate has no clear leg-
islative powers. It is only an opin-
in-channeling forum with the
power to recommend."
The power to recommend was
not even stated asaedefinite func-
tion of the Senate until the crea-
tion of the University Council in
Information concerning the his-
tory of the all-University delib-
erative body is rather sketchy and
unorganized, and for this reason,
says Prof. Mewen, it is hard to
obtain any completely accurate
picture of the Senate through the
Minutes and manuscripts, how-
ever, do indicate that a "Univer-
sity Senate" existed from 1880 to
1948, with a period of from 1904
to 1907 in which it was termed
the "University of Michigan Sen-
In 1931 the University Council
was approved and its membership
included top administrative offic-
cers and faculty members repre-
senting all University departments.
The University Council took the
place of the Senate Council on
which, as indicated by records,
each school was entitled to repre-
The University 'Council with its
57 members proved to be too large
a body for effective operation
within the Senate, and in 1948 its
functions were turned over to the
present Senate Advisory Commit-
SAC differs 'from the University
Council in that it is comprised en-
tirely of faculty members and ex-
cludes administrative officers. The
number of members was also de-
creased to 17 and members are
representative of the var)us
schools and colleges.
SAC Active Part
In the past years, SAC has be-
come the most active part of the
Faculty Senate. Its members serve
for three-year terms and contin-
uity is provided by staggered elec-
Directly under the SAC are three
standing subcommittees dealing'
with. educational policies, plant
and equipment and public rela-
Special committees are frequent-'
ly set up to draw such reports as
the economic status of the faculty
and to recommendrsuch actions
as tenure policy for Senate ap-
The Faculty Senate itself, is
presided over by the President of
the University, Harlan Hatcher,
and in addition to its faculty mem-
bership, is composed of the Uni-
versity's vice-presidents, Director
of University Relations, Secretary,
Assistant to the Dean of Faculties,
Assistant to the President, Deans
of Men and Women, Deans of the
various schools, the Registrar and
the Director of the University
The Senate is required to meet
at least twice a year and there
are few instances since its incep-
tion that it has met more than
the required minimum number of
The Senate Advisory Committee,
on the other hand, meets at least
once a month to discuss matters
"which concern its obligations to
the state and to the community
Because of their more frequent
meetings and the all-faculty na-
ture of the body, the Senate Ad-
visory Committee has come to be
the active unified force behind
most faculty policy matters.
FRATERNITY MEN DRINK TRADITIONAL PUNCH AND SMOKE
TRADITIONAL CIGARETTES AT TRADITIONAL SMOKER
Fraternity Men, Rushees Go All Out
As Open Rushin Sessions Commence
By BILL HANEY
This is the time of the year
when 43 fraternities open their
doors, hand out free cigarettes,
soft drinks and information to
impress several hundred rushees
trying equally hard to impress the
Although the idea of rush-
ing hours is to make both mem-
bers and prospective members
feel natural and informal, those
who have undergone this exper-
ience say actions are "pretty much
standardized" and both parties
usually worry about what they are
supposed to do next.
As one veteran of seven rush-
ing seasons lamented, "Who-do-
seems to be the fav-
at these get-togethers.
. Y. Strikers'
FARMINGDALE, N. Y. OP) -
Surging, shouting, fist-swinging
pickets charged nonstrikers' cars
last night in a renewal of fighting
at the struck Republic Aircraft
Cars were backed up for a mile
outside the plant gates as night
shift nonstrikers soughtsto breacn
the picket lines.
Stones were hurled, fists swung.
Pickets formed human walls
against approaching cars. Some
hurled themselves bodily onto the
hoods of the autos.
More than 20 pickets were ar-
rested by a handful of police who
were all but overwhelmed in the
angry demonstration. It brought
to more than 40 the number of
pickets arrested in a day of wild
strife that flared anew after dark.
The wage strike of 12,000 pro-
duction workers against four Re-
public plants on Long Island began
Sunday.' It took "full effect for
the first time during the day-
halting production on a $500,000
backlog of government guided
missile parts and jet plane orders.
However, test flights of complet-
ed jet fighter-bombers continued
without interruption. Also, two
finished aircraft were delivered to
the Air Force and flown to undis-
It's played- by a rushee and a
rusher who discover they come
from the same town and they us-
ually spend the evening, trying
to- establish, mutual acquaintan-
The rushers, who of course have
already experienced at least one
semester as a rushee, claim the
job of the fraternity man is by
far the hardest of the two.
Preparation begins for a new
rushing season immediately after
the one in progress ends. Most
fraternities elect a rushing chair-
man early in the semester and
leave the details up to him.
But once rushing commen-
ces, every, man in the fraternity
is required to spend the hours be-
tween 7 and 9 p.m. showing the
rushee around the house, lighting
his cigarettes and answering ques-
tions about his fraternity in par-
ticular and all fraternities in gen-
As may be expected the rushers
accept these obligations with
One. conscientious host com-
mented, "I feel its the greatest
way to develop one's own person-
ality. You meet so many people'
of diversified personalities you
have a wonderful opportunity to
sift through their unique charac-
teristics and select those points
'Can't Remember N ames'
Another fraternity man stand-
ing in a dark corner lamented, "I
don't like to shake hai~ds or make
idle conversation, and I just can't
Though the evening ends at 9
p.m. for the rushee, work is not
even half through for their hosts.
After the last of their' prospec-
tive brothers leaves, the fraternity
men assemble to discuss the merits
or demerits of the guests. These
Contracts for converting Detroit
Metropolitan Aviation Authority
into a powerful three-county or-
ganization were being considered
yesterday, although the Univer-
sity indicated its . reluctance to
join the proposed authority.
lengthy gatherings are aptly
termed "hash sessions."
One comment heard almost in-
variably in one form or another
is "He's a real nice guy and no
doubt he's fraternity material, but
is he Theta Theta material?"
One fraternity has decided, since
their hash sessions - habitually
carry into 'the next morning, to
serve coffee and donuts to keep
less hardy members awake.
The biggest complaint against
the rushing setup comes from the
students with the highest schol-
astic averages. But most of them
admit all they have to do is re-
.arrange their schedules to com-
pensate for the abnormal demand.
on their time.
One student decided to cut in-
tramural sports for the two weeks
and use that former recreation
time for studying. "I think most
fraternity men have to give up
their time-consuming luxuries for
a while, but the experience of
meeting the new fellows is sure
worth the time," he said. .
One rushing consellor, obviously
concerned about doing a super-
lative job, said, "I only have to
give up the unimportant things-
eating, sleeping, going to clas-
THOMASVILLE, Ga. ('P)-Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower decided
yesterday to extend his south
Georgia vacation until Friday or
Saturday and the White House
just about ruled out possibility of
any announcement here on wheth-
er he will seek reelection.
The President came to the plan-
tation estate of Secretary of the
Treasury George Humphrey last
Wednesday with tentative plans
to remain for about a week of
quail hunting, golf and general
relaxation-and reaching a final
decisi'on on whether to run again.
Hagerty said "there isn't a thing
to it" in commenting on a report
that the President would disclose
here late Friday, after the stock
maikets close for the weekend,
whether he will seek another term.
A newsman had told the press sec-
retary such a report was circulat-
ing in this area.
By The Associated Press
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J.-An at-
tempt to put the school super-
intendents of the nation on record
condemning the State of Alabama
and the state university in the
Authering Lucy case failed to carry
its first hurdle yesterday.
The resolutions committee of the
American Association of School
Administratiors meeting in con-
vention here, repected a resolu-
tion that said "when confronted
by physical force," state and uni-
versity authorities "failed to en-
force the opportunity of equality."
WASHINGTON-The Court of
Appeals yesterday set aside a de-
cision holding that congressional
committees lack authority to ex-
pose former Communists simply
for the sake of exposure.
The court's eight judges vacated
a two-one decision by a three-
judge panel Jan. 26 in the con-
tempt of Congress case of John T.
Watkins, a labor leader.
* * *
tration refused yesterday to give
investigating senators details they
wanted to know about a 1954
easing of free world trade with
The refusal was announced in a
letter from Undersecretary of
State Herbert Hoover Jr., delivered
by John B. Hollister, United States
foreign aid chief, at a stormy
hearing of the Senate Investiga-
* * *
MOSCOW-One of the major
goals in Soviet nuclear research
in the new five-year plan is an
This was disclosed yesterday in
a speech to the 20th Congress of
the Soviet Communist party.
NEW YORK-Attorney Charles
P. Grimes said yesterday he ex-
pected "quick action" on his at-
tempts to have the courts nullify
the lifetime amateur ban imposed
on America's premier miler, yWes
"I plan to draw up papers in the1
next couple of days and will .file
for an injunction in either the
State Supreme Court or a federal
court-I haven't decided which,"
"be sure," he added, "but time heals
all difficulties and this will soon
Meanwhile Stager said that
there was nothing new he could
add to his previous statements.
According to Associated Press re-
ports, the Wardrops "walked out"
on the coach during the Indiana
meet last Saturday. However,
Stager refused to verify this re-
port when questioned.
He said that at present, "the
spirit of thie team is fine and they
are looking forward to the Ohio
State meet next week." Stager em-
phasized that this has been as
much of a hardship for the team
as it has for me."
One prominent member of the
swimming team, who preferred an-
onymity, was especially pleased
with Stager's decision. The swim-
mer said that Jack. never worked
with the team all year long.
. "He puted that sick bit twice,"
he said, "letting us think that he
would swim until the last minute,
and as a result we lost two meets."
In addition to the Indiana loss,
the Wolverines lost to Iowa and
Michigan State while tieing Iowa
University Health Service veri-
fied reports that Jack Wardrop
was there the morning of the meet.
The examining doctor said that
See WOLVERINES, Page 7
Sent To Jail
Dr. James F. Jones, "The Lord's
One and Only Prophet," was Jailed
yesterday on charges of gross in-
decency and attenpted gross in-
Taken at his "Castle," a specta-
cular mansion at 75 Arden Park,
Detroit, the Prophet was led away
as he excitedly quoted Biblical
"God help me!" he declared.
His arrest was based upon a re-
port by Patrolman John Henry of
the Vice Bureau. Henry, who
managed to become a member of
Jones's flock, received audience
with the Prophet to seek a cure
for a twitching arm.
The Divine. Prophet told Henry
to soak his hands and face in cold
water, along with certain immoral
Dec. 29, when Henry told Jones
he was cured, Jones exclaimed,
"The Lord knows I am not a fake.
Thank you, God!"
It was at this same audience, his
arrest warrant reports, that the
Prophet went beyond the bounds
Three women accompanied Jones
to headquarters. The women ex-
plained they were members of his
flock and wanted to be near him.
Jones's official self-appointed
title reads, "The Right Rev. Dr.
James F. Jones, D.D., H.D.R.,
Dominion Ruler of the Church ofj
the Universal Triumph, The Domi-
nion of God, Inc."
Each charge under which the
Prophet was arrested carries a pos-
sible $2,500 fine and a five year
Opens in Rackham
An exhibition of Contemporary
Home Furnishings opened yester-
Call From Eban
WASHINGTON (P)-Saudi Ara-
bia has 18 more United States
tanks on order-M47 Pattons near-
ly twice as big as the 18 contro-.
versial M41 Walker Bulldogs
shipped out yesterday.
American and other diplomatic
officials also reported Israel has
received at least $,000,000 worth
of United States ammunition,
spare parts and radio gear since
This was included in the $16,-
000,000 worth of materiel which
the State Department disclosed
Saturday as having been sent to
the troubled Middle East during
the past six months.
President Dwight D. Eisenhow-
er's decision to lift the short-lived
United States arms embargo left
the State Department withthe
problem of what to tell Israel and
Israel is pressing for approval
of its request, filed last Nov. 16,
to buy $50,000,000 in United
States weapons. This is sought to
counter Egypt's purchase of $80,-
000,000 in Communist jet planes,
tanks and artillery.
Dulles to Meet Eban
Secretary of State John Foster
Dulles is to return Wednesday from
a Bahamas vacation. Israeli Am-
bassador Abba Eban is expected to
call on him or his top Middle East
aide, George V. Allen.
Chairman Walter George (D.
Ga.) of the Senate Foreign Rela-
tions Committee said over the
weekend he wants Secretary Dulles
and Undersecretary Herbert Hoov-
er Jr. to explain the tanks-for-
Arabia deal as soon as possible.
The freighter James Monroe
sailed fromkBrooklyn yesterday
with the tanks for Saudi Arabia.
Pro-Israel groups picketed the
area, unsuccessfully urging the
longshoremen not to load the
Officials said Saudi Arabia ap-
plied last April 28 for 36 United
States tanks. It based it re-
quest on a 1951 agreement under
which the Saudis were receiving
United States arms training. The
Saudis said they had no tanks at
After this order was approved
on Aug. 25, officials said, the Saudi
Arabians sent a check for about
$2,500,000. But they decided later
to buy only the eighteen 25-ton
Walkers, which are light recon-
naissance tanks. They shelved
temporarily their orders for 18
Pattons, which weigh 48 tons each
and are classified as medium
JERUSALEM (A) - The United
Nations Mixed Armistice Commis-
sion yesterday censured Egypt for
what it called a flagrant violation
of the Arab-Israeli cease-fire
agreement. It was the commission's
first meeting in several months.
A spokesman said the finding
was handed down in response to
an Israeli complaint concerning a
border incident Aug. 26, 1955.
The Israelis charged a heavily-
armed patrol cross the border from
Egyptian territory and fired at
Israeli troops, wounding one sol-
Students who would like the
FOR THE GREATEST DAY OF YOUR LIFE:
ThinK Calmly, Positively and joyously, Peale Advises
By TAMMY MORRISON
How would you like tomorrow to be the greatest day you ever had?
What you have to do to achieve this, according to Norman Vincent
Peale, is think calmly, think positively and think joyfully.
Peale, who vigorously offered his three points for "Right Thinking
and Effective Living" to a capacity crowd at Hill Auditorium last
night, believes that this is the way to release the self and live a full
To think calmly, says Peale, you must achieve "peace of mind."
Quoting poet Edwin Markham, a friend of his, he described this peace
as the calm source of power in the center of a cyclone.
Can See Things Straight
"With this peace," he said, "you can see things straight and deal
with social inequalities and injustices calmly, yet powerfully. You
must develop 'Imaginative Imperturbability.'"
I tating that "vn an dn anvthin vn uant with vo. rmind if