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"Nice Dog-Good Dog-Fr iend-See? Good Friend--"
hen Opinions Are Free,
Trutb Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 30, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: VERNON NAHRGANG
Academic Freedom Week:
What Did It Prove?
S F101 .
Variety in Japanese
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following article is based on an interview with
Goro Kambayashi Editor-in-Chief of Bungei Shunju, Japan's largest circu-
lating monthly magazine. Mr. Kambayashi is now traveling in the United
States under the auspices of a Department of State leader exchange program.)
By RICHARD HALLORAN
Daily Staff Writer
BUNGEI Shunju is a literary department store.. One can read about
any type of reading matter he likes in any given issue. Bungei
IF ACADEMIC Freedom Week served one ma-
jor purpose, it was to point up to those few
who bothered to be interested in it how little
anyone knows or cares about the subject. -
Comparatively small audiences saw that
speakers were unable to agree even on a defi-
nition of the term, much less on implementa-
tion of it.
One professor said Tuesday he thought Aca-
demic Freedom was well understood, but subse-
quent events prove him wrong. Everyone agreed
that freedom should be preserved, but agree-
ment stopped there. Russell Kirk insisted that
Academic Freedom is a natural right; Prof.
Roger W. Heyns said that it is not a right but
was a necessity; Prof. Amos Hawley thought
that it was often confused with civil rights;
Dean Deborah Bacon said that it was neither
a right nor a gift, but something that had to
be bought and paid for. Kirk said that Aca-
demic Freedom is distinct from other freedoms;
Dean Bacon said that all freedoms are sub-
stantially the same, and definition depends on
their frames of reference. About the only as-
pect of definition that could be agreed upon
was freedom's attendant responsibility for wise
and prudent use, and most speakers even dif-
fered on the degree of responsibility that free-.
dom carries with it.
UNIVERSITY President Harlan Hatcher said
Monday that the Administration has no de-
sire to enter the area of Academic Freedom;
that it prefers to leave this question to the
realm of the faculty. But specific examplesof
infringement upon Academic Freedom brought
up during the week - the Lecture Committee,
loyalty oaths, the Nickerson-Davis case and
the general problem of Communist teachers-.
serve to point up the fallacy in that statement.
Prof. Hawley asserted that the Nickerson-
Davis case actually had nothing to do with
academic freedom, but was a question of civil
rights. If this statement is not merely a dodge,
it brings up the whole question of to whom a
teacher is ultimately responsible-the state or.
With regard to the Lecture Committee, many.
speakers felt that, ideally speaking, it is wrong
not to allow a student to hear any speaker he
wishes to, but, since the University is state-
supported, nothing can be done which might
antagonize legislators or voters. This stand
may be economically practical, but it seems to
indicate a dangerous tendency to compromise
the very principles upon which our government
is founded for the sake of the Almighty Dollar.
Yet if the voters truly feel that playing ostrich
and ignoring encroachments on freedom is
right, perhaps they do not deserve or want a
form of government that says it isn't.
The Loyalty Oath is another stumbling
block. An oath usually connotes good faith,
but a loyalty oath seems more an expression
of mistrust in an individual, a mistrust that
undermines and negates that faith.
THE QUESTION of whether or not Com
munists should be allowed to teach also
arose several times during the week. Some
speakers felt that the only criterion for a
professor is whether or not he is a good
teacher, feeling that being a Conuunist would
automatically disqualify a man because of the
narrow thinking attending that doctrine. Oth-
ers thought that a distinction could be made
between card-carrying Party members and
In many ways, this constant disagreement
was profitable, because it forced people to
examine their own thinking on the subject.
But unfortunately, those who came to the
lectures were the people who have probably
long since examined their thinking. The ones
who needed most to learn stayed home.
Most of the speakers agreed that there is
Academic Freedom at the University, but all
of them differed as to the degree of it to be-
found here. One faculty member said that
academic freedom is the-student's responsibil-
ity, while a student insisted that the burden
of setting examples lay with the faculty. Con-
stant shifting of responsibility will get both
groups nowhere. Cooperation should be the
watchword of both; that is, if both wish to pre-
serve and extend Academic Freedom..
Poor attendance, particularly at the Thurs-
day Forum, would seem to indicate that neithef
faculty nor students are very much worried
about Academic Freedom. One professor, said
he thought disinterest was a sign of health;
that neither group thought their freedoms were
in danger. But in the light of examples cited
before, it would seem that this is certainly not
THE ACADEMIC Freedom Week slogan, "Use
it or lose it," although somewhat overstated,
gets the point across. Russell Kirk's allegation
that there is little genuine intelligent interest
in freedom of any sort sounds warning.
However, it is doubtful whether Academic
Freedom will ever be completely lost, because
there will always be a few diehard individual-
ists who will refuse to be apathetic in these
days of widespread conformity. But what kind
of Academic Fr edom will it be?
It is up to The People to decide how much
liberty they will lose to apathy. Do they want
their freedoms to be puny and weak, or healthy,
driving forces that motivate and enrich their
;, qr .
OW"fe T s?,aact4rrt rrxst..PosT. ue.
Shunju has no counterpart in the
Life, Colliers, The Atlantic Month-
ly, and Esquire, a high grade
Bungei Shunju started as a liter-
ary magazine and as circulation
increased, it absorbed others and
added new features so that it now
publishes articles on domestie and
foreign issues, health, art, poetry,
literary fiction, cartoons and pic-
tures. It now has a circulation of
The magazine, generally regard-
ed as conservative in taste, has its
largest readers amongst young in-
tellectuals, and whilte collar work-
ers but aims its publication at a
wide urban readership. The edi-
tors hope someday to build up
rural readership on a subscription
basis but postal facilities do not
yet allow this type of expansion.
The majority of copies are sold in'
book stores in urban centers.
POLITICALLY, Bungei Shunju
follows the middle of the road and
prints articles with a right or left
wing flavor if they are controver-
sial or have commercial value. In
elections, the magazine does not
back a given party and is cautious
not to get overly involved in poli-
tical activity. It will publish arti-
cles backing or criticizing various
The magazine did strive to get
the government led by Shigeru
Yoshida out of office in 1954. It
has watched the growth of the
current Hatoyama government
and the editors have become dis-
illusioned with the regime's poli-
cies and actions.
Personally, Kambayashi is afraid
of the right wing coming to power.
--The Japanese people, he explained,
are not at home with the left wing
whereas they are suceptible, tra-
ditionally, to the right wing.
* * *
KAMBAYASHI noted that the
Soialists, measured as an intel-
lectual group, are more studious
than other members of the Diet,
Japan's legislative body. He add-
ed that one should not expect to
see much socialization of industry
should the Socialists come to pow-
er as Japan has no tradition for
such a move. He compared the
Socialist's plans to the British La-
bor party's program of industriali-
zation of basic and heavy industry
As for the political effect of his
magazine andother forms of mass
media, Kambayshi's opinion is
that the newspapers have more
influence on the Japanese people's
thinking than do the magazine,
primarily because of their daily
impact. Mass media is influential
in getting new ideas accepted in
United States but is a mixture of
YOUR OWN BELOVED SONS:
Intense Expression of Korean Conflict
Thomas Anderson's first novel is
about the Korean conflict. As it
turns Out, Your Own Beloved Sons
is quite a creditable piece of work
and demonstrates a style that is
surprising for two reasons: first,
Thomas Anderson, though born in
the U.S., was brought up and
schooled in Denmark, and came
to the States only shortly before
the Korean affair broke out; sec-
ond, the author is now only 26
Soon after arriving in the States
he joined the U.S. Army and on
that fateful Christmas of 1950
he found himself at the front in
Korea. It was a desperate time for
the U.N. forces and desperate mea-
sures were being taken by the
commanders. Young Anderson was
assigned to a perilous mission
which involved penetrating into
reach Dutch occupied Hoengsong.
The history of this brave recon-
naisance party is the body of the
How well the author has been
able to fashion a novel out of this
material is a matter on which
considerable critical judgment has
already been made. Your Own Be-
loved Sons has been acclaimed as
"an extraordinary novel", a book
"beautifully written"; its author
has been lauded as "a gifted
writer". This reviewer would pro-
pose, in brief, a few more modest
claims for the book.
It is clearly one of the most in-
tense and personal expressions
to come out of the Korean con-
flict. It is the reaction of a young
and impressionable mind to vio-
lence, and that theme of violence
is effectively presented and under-
lined on every page. The "philoso-
phy of it all' is restrained and
almost surpressed, in pleasant op-
position to the common practice
of war novelists of alternating epi-
sodes of bloody encounter with
periods of clam during which the
essential "futilitydof it all" is ex-
amined at length.
This story of Sergeant Stanley
and the band of followers (in the
best soldiering meaning of follow-
ers) he takes out on the mission is
a vivid, dramatic account of men
in battle. The chief deficiency of
the novel, however, is that while
the battle is convincingly real the
men are not. One takes the im-
pression that they are figures that
move before a backdrop without
illuminating it significantly.
The author therefore, in the
absence of a strong, believable,
sympathetic protagonist or group
of protagonists, has left the lead-
ing role in this Korean adventure
in the hands of War itself. If this
was Anderson's intent, it is un-
fortunate, for he could not have
chosen any other conflict less
suited to heroic dramatization
than that "patrol action" in the.
Far East in which participated
men who today will look you in
the eye and flatly state: "That
was no warA.
Donald A. Yates
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN from to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices.
for the Sunday edition must be in by
2 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 30, 1956
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 84
All Departmental Offices, plant facili-
ties and service units will be closed on
Memorial Day, May 30, 1956. Residence
halls and the University Hospital will
'operate on a holiday schedule.
Regents' Meeting: Fri., June 15. Com-
munications for consideration at this
meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than June 6.
To all students having Library bookst
1. Students having in their possession
books borrowed from the General Li-
brary or its branches are notified tha
such books are due Wed., June 6.
2 Students having special need for
certain books between June 6 and June
13 may retain such books for that pe-
riod by renewing them at the Charging
3. The names of all students who hav
not cleared their records at the Lbra3y
by Fri., June 15, will be, sent to the
Cashier's Office and their credits will be
withheld until such time as said records
are cleared in compliance with the regu-
lations of the Regents.
Late Premission: All women students
who attended the play "The Chalk
Garden" had late permission until 11:20
LatePremission: All women student
will have late permission ,Until 11 P.m.
during exam period that begins May 30
and ends J'une 14,
PLANS FOR COMMENCEMENT
Sat., June 16, 5:30 p.m.
Time of Assembly-4:30 p.m. (except
Places of Assembly
Members of the Faculties at 4:15 p.m.
in the Lobby, first floor, Admini-
stration Building, where they may
robe (Transportation to Stadium or
Field House will be provided.)
Regents, Ex-Regents, Deans and other
Administrative Officials at 4:15 pm.
in Administration Building, Root
2549, where they may robe. (Trans-
portation to Stadium or Field House
will be provided.)
Students of the various Schools and
Colleges on paved roadway East of
East Gate (Gate 1-Tunnel) to Sta-
dium in four columns of twos in the
SECTION A-On grass field in a line
about 450 South of East.
-LITERATURE, SCIENCE AND THU
SECTION B-On grass field in a line
about 30o South of East.
-EDUCATION (in front)
-ENGINEERING (behind Ed.)
-ARCHITECTURE (behind Eng.)
-LAW (behind Arch.)
-PHARMACY (behind Law)
SECTION C-South side of pavement,
-MEDICINE (in front)
-NURSING (behind Medicine)
-DENTAL (behind Nursing)
-NATURAL RESOURCES (behind
-MUSIC(behind Natural Res)
SECTION D-North side of pavement.
-PUBLIC HEALTH (behind Bus.
--SOCIAL WORK (behind Publie
-GRADUATE (behind Social Work
with Doctors in front)
MARCH INTO STADIUM-5:30 p.m.
In case of rainy weather, the Univer-
sity fire siren will be blown between
4:00 and 4:15 p.m. indicating the exer-
cises in the Stadium will be abandoned.
Members of the Faculties, Regents,
Deans, etc. will assemble at the same
places as for the fair weather progran.
Graduates will go direct to Yost Field
House at 5:00 p.m. and enter by the
South door. '
GLENN L. ALT
Recreational Swimming -- Women's
Pool. Starting Wed., May 30 and contin-
uing through Sun., June 10, the hours
will be as follows:
For women only: Mon. through Fri.,
4:00-6:00 p.m.; Mon., Tues., Thurs., 7:15-
9:15 p.m.; Saturdays, 2:30-4:30 p.m.
Co-recreational hours: Wed. and Sat.,
7:15-9:15 p.m.; Sundays, 3:00-5:00 p.m.
Faculty Night: Fridays, 6:30-9:30 p.m.
Michigan Night: Sundays, 7:15-9:15
After the examination period, the
pool will be open at the following times:
Fridays, June 15 and 22-6:30-9:30 p.m.
Sat., June 23-7:15-9:15 p.m.
Sundays, June 17 and 24-7:15-9':15
Student Government Council. Sum-
mary of action taken May 28.
Minutes of meeting of May 23.
Appointments: Joe Collins to Stu-
dent Activities Building Administration
Committee; Lewis Engman, Bill Adams,
Roy Lave to Cinema Guild Study Coin-
TODAY is a day, like many holidays, whose and a hundred other places did not die easily
significance is often overlooked in the speed nor willingly. The will to live was as strong
and intensity of everyday life. Today is Me- in them as in any of us but they did what
morial Day, dedicated to those who have fallen they did because they had to.
in battle in the 'service of their country. This country now is what it is because these
In our search for the spiritual and material men gave up their lives for it, and today should
benefits of life, it might pay us well to stop serve as a quiet reminder that the privileges we
and think for a minute of those who have enjoy are due in no small way to the sacrifice
given their lives for their country. It is a they have made.
sobering thought for many of us to think It is for the privilege of living in this
that there, but for the grace of God, go I. country and breathing the fresh air of its
Most of us remember clearly the names of freedom that today we pay humble tribute to
Normandy, Tarawa, Hamnung, and Heartbreak our Honored Dead.
Ridge. The men who fought and died there -RICHARD HALLORAN
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Readers Express Final Opinions of 1955-56
ON MONDAY, Student Government Council
gave the stamp of approval to regulations
which will prevail when the new driving plan
goes into effect in September.
No doubt shouts of agony will go up from
those lucky few who are over 21, because the
new fee will be $7-$6 more than the old one.
But, in the words of the Driving Regulations
Study Committee, the new fee system is an
attempt to be as fair as possible to the most
students. They expect that there will be some
injustices, but they wish to keep them at a
When the Regents approved the new regula-
tions in February, they stipulated that respon-
sibility for enforcement should fall upon stu-
dents and administration. Tipping the fee
will provide for strict enforcement of the new
regulations, enforcement necessary to avoid
mass chaos. The Administration, which esti-
mated its expenses at $23,975, will have to hire
three new officers, a clerk and a part-time
assistant. Besides providing for decals and
other printing work, they will also buy $2,500
worth of equipment-a motorcycle, three uni-
forms and a radio unit. This last will only
be an expenditure the first year. The Com-
mittee is hopeful that, after the first year, the
fee would be somewhat lowered or, better yet,
additional revenue would be turned over to
a much-needed solution to the campus parking
BUT WHAT the new driving regulations need
more than money is student cooperation.
The Administration will spend a healthy chunk
of its appropriations for an all-inclusive educa-
tion program-letters, and copies of the Ad-
ministrative Code to be sent with grades to
all present students and also to incoming fresh-
men, plus additional notificatidn on railroad
tickets. Penalties will be severe-there is a
possibility of a $50 fine for first offense and
a semester's suspension for second offense-and
because of the education program ,a student
will be unable to plead ignorance of the
regulations. The plan is on a two-year trial
basis; if the new regulations are not complied
with, the Regents can legally go back to the
old 26 year age requirement. On the basis of
these purely pragmatic reasons, cooperation
But more important, students should observe
the regulations because lifting the driving ban
IRS School s
To the Editor:
YOUR SUNDAY May 20, edition
carried an article by Pete Eck-
stein regarding the closing of the
Internal Revenue Service School.
One of our members was quoted
therein as having said, "Our pro-
fessors all know we're leaving.
Some of them are just passing
We feel that this statement is
not representative of the opinions
held by the InternalRevenue Ser-
vice personnel in attendance at
the University. Our professors
have been most conscientious and
diligent in attempting to make
this experimental program a suc-
cess. We have not noticed any
change in their attitude toward
the program or the forcefulness of
their instruction since the notice
of its termination.
We appreciate the sincere efforts
of our professors and humbly
apologize for this unwarranted re-
mark besmirching their integrity.
They have earned our deepest re-
-91 Members of the
Internal Revenue Service
Musical Faux Pas . .
To the Editor:
THE FIRST of the many faux
pas taken by the reviewer con-
cerning Thursday night's all Mo-
,art concert was that in calling
the Missa Brevis "trash," he an-
nounces to all the world that he is
not qualified to discuss the per-
The Missa is a work of beauty,
intricate yet lucidly contrapuntal.
The singing of this piece by the
"Singers" was a most thoroughly
enjoyable experience for them as
witnessed by the continued en-
consequently of the music, and the
serenity of the "Santus" could
hardly be called "Bulldozing."
The reviewer's concept of Mo-
zart appears to be of a seraphic
child who wrote tinkly music, but,
one look at the score of the Re-
quiem and it is perfectly obvious
that such a child does not write
Kyrie or a Dies Trae of such pow-
er. Furthermore, it was sung with
just this controlled power which
was never "bellowing."
Klein conducts Mozart as a
strong yet passionate composer,
and the individual numbers of' the
work were conducted with the
overall architecture of the whole
constantly in mind. The great
range of dynamics and color of
tone was constantly in evidence
from the rugged Confutatis to the
deeply moving Lacfymosa. To dis-
miss this performance as a "loud
fiasco" is embarassing not only to
the performers, but also to the
readers who are well aware of the
Plaudits where plaudits are due!
The quartet sang beautifully, but
the only mistake all night hap-
pened in a quartet passage, which
was covered by the quick witted
Klein and the 1 superb Skippy
Doppmann in a measure or so of
an even more posthumous Mozart
than are the last sections of the
Requiem. The audience missed
this, buta reviewer is expected to
know the work.
Once again, as in the Gieseking
review, an attempt at clever writ-
ing cannot bridge a chasm of mus-
-Allegra Branson, '57
To the Editor:
WHAT DETERMINES the quali-
would think twice about tearing
apart a Klein performance.
The choir sung "with heavy
bluntness." How does the critic
want a requiem to sound, like a
divertimento. We should only have
the good fortune to hear more
concerts like Thursday night.
-David Horwitz, '59
To the Editor:
HE LETTER by George E. Hart
on May 24, displads the kind
of muddle-headed reasoning that
has lead to the present mess of
conflicting, ineffective automobile
legislation with its accompanying
appalling toll of accidents. The
current emotional belief that low-
er horsepower leads automatically
to fewer accidents typifies the kind
of attitude that has delayed sen-
sible progress, both legislative and
mechanical, for the past many
Surely to anyone who will both-
er to think on these things rather -
than emote on them the connec-
tion between higher horsepower
and driving on the wrong side of
the road will become obscure.
-J. P. Benkard, Grad.
Student Behavior .. .
To the Editor:
STUDENTS HAVE frequently ex-
pressed a desire to become bet-
ter acquainted with members of
the faculty and to have an oppor-
tunity to visit at their homes.
Saturday, May 19, such an oppor-
tunity was extended thru an "open
house" given by our son. More than
250 students came during the eve-
ning. There was music, dancing
and much merriment. Many were
voluble in praise of our hospitality.
Several stayed for hours after the
porcelain was gouged out of the
kitchen stove. Enamelled cupboard
drawers were marred. Refrigerator
and pantry shelves were looted of
food, some of it only to be thrown
out into the =garden. Shrubbery
and trees were broken.. Lipsticks
were tested on wallpaper. Wet
glasses and liquor ruined the finish
on the piano.'.
Also, among our student guests
were not only vandals but thieves.
Wood carvings, mementos and a
precious miniature Swiss clock of
gold and enamel were stolen.'
Next time, I will have armed
guards in every room and every
guest will be frisked before leav-
ing. For shame!
To the Editor:
THE Michigan Daily's report of
my talk leaves the impression
that I offered nothing in the way
of a positive approach to the prob-
lem of automation.
Actually the theme of my talk
was this: "What we are faced with
in automation is a total situation
which requires a total response,
namely democratic planning by
the entire society to insure thatathe
benefits of automation are shared
by everyone and not merely by
those who happen ,to control the
machinery of production."
I quoted, from the "Impact of
Automation," by Walter Reuther,
and explained how unions are try-
ing to meet the challenge of auto-
mation on the economic front by
bargaining for higher wages, short-
er hours, guaranteed pay plans
and fringe benefits.
Then I outlined the AFL-CIO
legislative program to "serve the
advance of human welfare as well
as to sustain full employment."
I stressedthat~t in the abse~nce
I... 11iIfiT LYO GiU V71IL'10 T7TR llVt"!L+bT