EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS'
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"Maybe This Isn't The Best Way To Get Security"
en OpinIons Are Free,
Trutb Will Prevail
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors: This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 9, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: PETER ECKSTEIN
Educational T elevision:
Not the Answer to Expansion.
ALTHOUGH it'may have unique application THE INHERENT danger in educational tele-
in some areas, television as an education vision lies in the motives that encourage
medium is to be feared.- It represents failure its use. The stress has not been on its value
of the educational system to keep up with to the educational system, at least not primari-
expanding student bodies. ly. The basic motive has been one of meeting
Yesterday's announcement that closed cir- bigness, circumventing lack of qualified teach-
cuit television will be employed by the Uni- ers and providing substitutes. The advantages
versity shortly should serve to put those on of audio-visual education have appeared more
guard who clierish our academic reputation. as rationalizations This sort of thinking does
So far the danger may be more apparent not produce a meaningful educational system.
than real Medicine and dentistry are two There are many problems in-education today
subjects which allow for constructive use of that must be met by compromise-but there
educational television-in limited ways. A can be no compromise with the values that
commnon benefit cited is that more students underlie our education-and educational tele-
can observe surgery closely since the TV cam- vision on any but he most limited scale repre-
era can provide a better vantage point than sents such a compromise.
a gallery. This has merit. --LEE MARKS
;' ~ 3
USE OF EDUCATIONAL television beyond
these limited exceptions should be soundly
condemned as a watering down of education.
Arguments that it must be implemented b -
cause of lack of teachers, large classes and
lack of classroom facilities would be shame-
ful arguments for a University of this calibre
to make. For an academic institution that is
currentl j spending millions on essentially non-
academic projects (such as the huge athletic
plant) the arguments would be especial evi-
dence of poor value-judgment.
It may be reasonable to assume that subject
matter, per se, can be taught by television as
well as by lecture or classrodm. But the
actual subject matter is probably a small part.
of the education a student receives. More
important is the contact with professors and
scholars, contact with attitudes and ways of
thinking, contact with great minds. Contact,
instead, with a few knobs and an electronic
tube is no substitute.
In many intangible ways television is a poor
replacement for even the large lecture.
Consistency in A
INTERCOLLEGIATE athletics should be cry-
ing for consistency.
The latest episode in a recent series of repri-
mands finds the University of Washington hit
hard with a two-year probation. Last Sunday,
Pacific Coast Conference faculty representatives
slapped the university with what is equal to a
$52,000 fine-quite a difference from the one-
year Rose Bowl probation leveled at -Ohio State
by the Big Ten.
Ohio State was told basically to clean up
house. Washington, however, will not be able
to claim conference titles or compete in NCAA
championships for two years. Also, the Hus-
kies must forfeit rights to televising of any of
their athletic contests.
Whether the "Torchy Torrance Slush Fund"1
was deserving of a strict two-year suspension
period is not the key point. What is import-
ant is the amazing lack of consistency on rul-
ings and enforcements in amateur athletics.
THE NCAA follows one pattern. The AAU
seems to be following a different set ofI
definitions. 1 The confusion over the amateur;
status of miler Wes Santee has come to a head
-even to the point that the whole William
Civic Ballet Returns
Dance to Ann Arbor
MONDAY night the newly formed Ann Ar-
bor Civic Ballet put on an hour's program
of dancing, thereby filling a theatrical niche
that Ann Arbor has had empty for many years.
The company has been working for a few
months only, and if the best professional polish
was lacking, the spirit of enthusiasm, nonethe-
less, was evident.
There was a time when Ann Arbor audiences
could see the world's greatest dancing stars.
Martha Graham, Pavlova, the Astaires, Ruth
St. Denis, and dozens of others, were frequent
local visitors. In the past decade, lack of
adequate stage facilities, and rising costs have
all but kept dancing non-existent in Ann Arbor.
It is nice to know that the Civic Ballet is
working to bring professional dance back, and
they deserve the support and interest of both
students and townspeople.
and Mary track team was suspended last week
from AAU competition because two of its mem-
bers ran against Santee.
Meanwhile, it was only last week that three
southern schools-Auburn, the University of
Florida, and Louisville-were put on probationY
by the NCAA. Auburn's penalty was a three-
year suspension, including two seasons away
from any Bowl competition. This is the -stiffest
ruling ever handed out by the NCAA.
And now added to Ohio State's probation
is that to the University of Washington. The
various governing bodies seem to be hopping
on the bandwagon, but just where are they
Is the making of a few examples going to
bring a solution to the problem-and if so,
will it be the best solution? Are some of the
possible ."borderline" cases going to revamp
on their own? Has this been the fair way?
IT'S TIME for leaders in the whole amateur
and intercollegiate athletic field to get their
heads together and work together for con-
sistent rulings concerning financial aid to ath-
" ; ;, ..
tJ s r r w}B wAs+iietG Pns'r" oe .
ZhtvO, Koner May Visit U.S.
By DREW PEARSON<
ILANS for President Eisenhower
to invite his wartime friend,
Marshal Zhukov, together with
Marshal Konev, to Washington
just before election are progress-
However, there is an important
split among Presidential advisers.
Ike's political advisers view such
an invitation as a master stroke
'comparable to his famous an-
nouncement that if elected Presi-
dent he would go to Korea. The
presence of Zhukov, his old arniy
buddy, and Marshal Konev would
cause millions of voters to think
twice before voting against a
President who is able to talk on
a first-name , basis with Russia's
top military leaders.
THE AMERICAN people have
foremost on their minds the ques-
tion of peace, according to these
political advisers, and such a
visit would seem a guarantee of
Ike's foreign - policy experts,
however, are opposed.. His mili-
tary advisors also are dubious. They
fear such an invitation would lull
the West to sleep; make it diffi-
cult to get sufficient military ap-
propriations for defense by en-
couraging the belief that the
Kremlin leaders are reasonable,
Odds are, however, that Zhukov
and probably Konev will be invit-
ed to come to the U.S.A. around
SOUTHERN BITTERNESS over
segregation has reached such in-
tensity that few white Southern-
ers with political influence have
dared buck that bitterness.
One exception is the former
Governor of Louisiana, James A.
Noe, who almost got into a fist
fight in his home town, Monroe,
when white citizens councils be-
gan disenfranchising between 4,000
and 4,500 Negroes.
They did this by claiming Ne-
gro voters had received help in
making out their registration
cards, especially in interpreting
portions of the Constitution.
This aroused the dander of ex-
Governor Noe. Going down to the
parish registrar of voters. Mrs.:
May Lucky, he challenged the
right of the vote challengers to
take Negro voters off the regis-
"LET ME see my card," he said.
"I didn't have my glasses the day
I filled out my card, and I'm not
sure I did it unassisted."
Noe claimed that any citizen
who challenged a Negro's right to
vote had to show evidence of a
thorough investigation before the
Negro could be disenfranchised.
He demanded that the Louisiana
Attorney General send a represen-
tative to Monroe to protect the
rights of all citizens.
Arriving in Monroe, as a re-
sult, came special assistant Attor-
ney General William M. Shaw:
"Are you a member of the White
Citizen's Council?" asked Noe.
"Yes," replied Shaw.
"Are you," Shaw countered, "a
member of the NAACP?"
* * *
AT THIS, the big, bulky ex-
Governor of Louisiana hauled his
230 pounds around the table and
almost let fly at Shaw. After
some tense moments, calm was
restored. However, when several
hundred Negroes tried to get back
their voting rights, they were
kicked out of the courthouse by
the sheriff and told that only 20
Negroes per day could examine
their registration cards.
Since the elections are only two
weeks off, this will permit only
about 240 Negroes to attempt re-
instatement. In the interim, Ne-
groes are holding prayer meet-
ings praying that their right to
vote may be restored.
* * *
A BRAND NEW cheese and but-
ter scandal is being quietly un-
folded by Rep. L. H. Fountain of
North Carolina and once again
it. looks like farmers were left
holding the bag. As usual, food
manufacturers got away with thou-
sands of dollars in windfall pro-
The deal hinges on Secretary
Benson's hiking of farm price sup-
ports on April 18, two days after
Ike killed 90 per cent supports by
vetoing the farm bill.
By Benson's action, the price
paid cheese manufacturers by the
commodity credit corporation was
raised one cent a pound, while
butter went up two cents a pound.
The purpose: To aid farmers by
making it possible for manufac-
turers to pay them more money
for milk and butterfat.
However, Benson made the in-
creased prices retroactive to April
1. This made the new support
levels applicable to all cheese and
butter produced during the first
half of April, whic/h was still lying
around in manufacturers' ware-
houses as of April 18.
* * * i
WHY BENSON did this is a mys-
tery, since not a penny of the
retroactive payments to cheese and
butter manufacturers could pos-
sibly benefit a farmer who had
sold his milk to a manufacturer
prior to April 18. For the manu-
facturer, on the other hand, the
retroactive payments meant a pro-
Then on April 23, right after
the price-rise announcement, they
dumped butter on Mr. Benson to
the tune of 4,300,000 pounds in
one day. The two-cent increase
is retroactive for all butter pro-
duced after April 1 and riot sold to
(Copyright, 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Rao Speech ..
To the Editor:
V.K.R.V. Rao, Director of Delhi
School of Economics, addressed
a group of Indian students at the
International Center here at the
U-M campus last Suniay evening,
May 6, '56.
Universities can no longer be
wrecked by one speech; the Delhi
School of Economics has reason to
be grateful that it cannot. The
aims of Professor Rao's speech
here should have been to leave
the group of students wiser. He
did not succeed in his objective.
The trouble with the speech was
not its commonplace and uninspir-
ing old cliches-that, in itself, was
both unexpected and a bad thing-
but that Professor Rao still man-
ages to engender the suspicion that
the Indian Government may con-
tinue with firm policies only until
it reaches a really awkward road-
block, when it will turn aside.
He said boldly that the Govern-
ment will be judged on its record
"not for six or eight months butj
for five years," that the 2nd five-
year plan will provide the base for
its succeeding plans upon which
turns the future of a subconti-
nent," that "the battle against
poverty is on," and that "you can-
not fight poverty and inflation
without pain"; but he hastily
added that "least of all do we want
to go back to periods of chronic
unemployment." He talked of the
objective of reducing rural unem-
ployment by bolstering up the cot-
tage and handicraft industries with
just sufficient caution to balance
his proper enthusiasm, and of
plans for transport and steel ex-
pansions etc. with just sufficient
enthusiasm to contrast with thel
caution of much of the rest of his
speech; but "what is tanalising in
all this is that if once our balance
of payments and the foreign ex-
change deficiency arising from theI
plan could be put right ... there is
hardly any limit to our future."
The main problems cannot be
shrugged off in this way; of course,
there would be no limit to any-
body's future if what he spent did
not depend on what he earned.
This was the address by no less
than the Director of the Delhi
School of Economics whose pom-
pous and unreal attitude could
hardly have filled an astute ob-
server with more surprise and dis-
illusionment. The result, I fancy,
was none too fine.
Although judgement. should be
deferred until next week at least
the fear may linger that a man
who can carry quite so much wool
to Michigan may also accept that
the carriage of foreign jute goods
to India is an unavailable feature
of international trade.
-Omesha Khanna, Grad.
Liberal Education . .
To the Editor:
IN A YEAR when a national mag-
azine has published on "the
natural superiority of the Ivy
League school" and universities
throughout the United States have
been affected by drastic growth,
the liberal education tradition is
necessarily subject to reconsidera-
Student observers in Ann Ar-
bor have begun asking questions
such as: Can the classical con-
cept of the liberal education be
sustained at a large state school?
If undergraduates at the Univer-
sity were more aware of a liberal
arts tradition, as students attend-.
ing eastern, schools so often are,
would their sense of educational
self-fulfillment be greater; would
they be more concerned intellec-
In a college whose community
is redistributed at the end of two
years with transfers to specialized
schools, can the consciousness of
a liberal education be instilled?
How truly are the distribution
requirements of LSA in the lib-
eral arts tradition? Would a re-
quired humanities survey course
-a survey of western thought -
be profitable? Would more strin-
gent regeuirements, insisting upon
the student sampling many fields,
give him a more "liberal' 'educa-
In order to answer theseques-
tions it is essential to know what
is meant by a liberal education.
Cardinal Newman has defined itj
as: "the process of training by
which the intellect instead of be-
ing formed or sacrificed to some
particular trade or profession, or
study or science, is disciplined for
its own highest culture."
Newman's educational philoso-
phy is of nineteenth century vin-
tage, but many people still believe
in the advyantages of disciplining
the intellect. Some thinkers,
though, contend that this idealism
is out of tone with our technolo-
gical democracy, that this aim can
be meaningful for few Americans.
They further claim that this philo-
sophy is impregnated with intel-
lectual elitism and therefore un-
Certainly the time has come
for more careful scrutiny of the
meaning and aim of a liberal edu-
A sten in the right direction has
(Continued from Page 2)
of the League House Judiciary this
week, May 9.
More Ushers are urgently needed for
the Glee Club Spring Concert Sat., May
12. If you can help us please report to
Mr. Warner at the east door of Hill
Auditorium at 7:30 p.m. Sat., May 12 .
Michigan Linguistic Society will meet
May 12, Saturday, 1:30 p.m.. Racklam
Amphitheater. Professor Warner G.
Rice, Chairman of the Department of
English Language and Literature will
preside at the following program meet-
ing. "Linguistics and Reading," by
Charles C. Fries; "Some Problems in
Editing 'The Middle English Diction-
ary,'" Hans Kurath; "I Would Have
Did It But I Was Too Scairt," 0. L.
Abbott. Reservations for the luncheon
at 12:15 in Room 101-102 Michigan'
Union may be made by contacting
Professor Hide Shohara, 2019 Angenl
Hall, Extension 43 before Thursday
Foreign Language Group. Panel dis-
cussion on "Psychoanalysis and Litera.
ture," with James G. Miller, Mental
Health Research Institute; Herbert
Penzl, Department of Germanic Lan.
guages and Literatures; and John V.
Hagopian, Department of English.
Thurs., May 10, 8 p.m, West Conference
Room, Rackham Building. Refresh-
Agenda, Student Government Council
May 9, Michigan Union, 7:30 p.m.
Minutes of the previous meeting.
President-Driving Ban, fees, enforce-
Treasurer-Financial report, Finance
Committee; Elections Committee, 'ap-
Coordinating and Counseling-Con.
stitutional, revisions - Jr. Panhelleni.
Jr. IFC, Education School Council.
Phi Epsilon P.
Education and Social Welfare - Aca-
demic Freedom Week.
Student Representation: Appoint.
ments-Cinema Guild, Human Rela-
tions, Housing and Environmental
Health, Calendaring Committee - Uni-
National and international Affairs-
WUS Convention, NSA Congress,
Administrative Wing Report - Janet
Activities: May 27, University Little
Symphony concert, Angell Hall, 4:1
Old and New business.
Dr. N. Rashevsky, Prof. of Mathemat-
ical Biology of the Univ. of Chicago,
will speak on Wed., May 9, at 8 o'clock
in Auditorium C of Angell Hall, under
the sponsorship of the Mental Health
Research Institute, Department of Psy-
chiatry. The title is "The Geometriza-
tion of Biology.
Choral Concert: The Michigan Sing.
ers and the Ann Arbor High School A
cappella Choir joint recital on Sun.,
May 13. at 3:30 p.m. in the new high
school auditorium located across from
the football stadium. Open to the pub-
lic without charge.
Freshmen and Sophomores, College of
LS&A. Those students who will have
fewer than 55 hours at the end of this
semester and who have not yet had their
elections approved for the Fail Semester
should make an appointment at the
Faculty Counselors Office for Freshmen
and Sophomores, 1210 Angell'Hall. If
you do not have your fall elections
approved before the final examination
period, it will be necessary for you to
do this the half day before you are
scheduled to register *next fall. Be-
cause registration will being on Mon.
day, September 17, the "half day be-
fore" Monday morning will be Saturday
afternoon, September 15.
Literary College Steering Committee:
Student-faculty conference entitled
"Why a Liberal Education?-the Func-
tion of a Literary College," Thurs.,
May 10, 7:30 p.m. in the Union. Speak-
ers: Prof. Arthur Eastman, Prof. Mar..
vin Felheim, Prof. Roger Heyns. In-
formal discussion following panel.
Botanical Seminar. Dr. S. H. Min-
shall, Science Service Laboratory, Lon-
don; Ontario, will speak on "Some Phy-
siological Effects of CMU on Plants."
4:15 p.m., 1139 Natural Science. Wed.,
Representatives from the following
will be at the Engrg. School:
Thurs., May 10:
Sargent and Lundy, Chicago, fl.-
all levels in Nuclear for Design, Eco-
nomics, and Application of Power Pro-
Sat., May 12:
Convair Div. of Gen. Dynamics Corp.,
San Diego, Calif.-follow-up visit for
all programs and degree levels interest-
ed. Particularly concerned with ther-
modynamics for Summer and Regular
Research and Development.
For appointments contact the Engrg.
Placement Office, 347 W.E., Ext. 2182.
A Girl Scout Council in this area has
an opening for a Field Director, with
a B.A. degree, preferably with emphasis
i nthe Social Sciences. Should be 23-40
years old. Hours could be arranged so
that further education might be obtain.
ed at either Michigan State Normal
College, Wayne University, or the Uni-
Iversity of Michigan.
Union Steel Products Co., Albion,
Mich., needs a Mech. Engr. for the con-
veyor and process air conditioning
American Chem. Paint Co., Ambler,
Pa., is looking for a man or several
men for the metalworking chemicals
divisionn A tchniical ra.ate isn e
Tragedy in Korea
THE UNTIMELY death of P. H. Shinicky,
Korean Democratic party leader and presi-
dential candidate is a tragic loss to the Re-
public of Korea. Shinicky provided the only
opposition to President Syngman Rhee in the
latter's quest for reelection. That Shinicky
could have defeated the 81 year old incumbent
is hardly possible, but the forthright stands
against Rhee made by Shinicky as Speaker in
the National Assembly and during the current
campaign were healthy signs that the strangle-
hold Rhee has on Korea might be weakening.
It would be presumptuous at this point to
charge that Shinicky's death at this most in-
opportune time; resulted from anything other
than natural causes. On the other hand, it is
worth noting that elimination by assassina-
tion of previous foes of Syngman Rhee is not
unknown. Information emanating from Korea
is, to all appearances, rather limited and is
likely to continue to be with the tight control
exercised over the press by Rhee's Minister
of Information and mouthpiece, Dr. Hongkee
Karl. The facts surrounding the demise of
Shinicky are not clearly known and it is pos-
sible that they never will be. In all fairness,
judgement must be reserved until enough is
known to make a responsible decision.
THE TRAGEDY in the situation lies in the
fact that Rhee is now even more assured
of being returned to power. The Rhee regime
has masqueraded behind the mask of democracy
for years, making a pretense of democracy in
order to win the sympathy of the United States
and her military, political, and financial aid.
Democracy in Rhee's Korea is a farce. Free-
dom of speech and the press is non-existent,
the power of the police pervades the country,
the National Assembly is little more than a
rubber stamp debating society.
Economic development in Korea has been
seriously retarded by the policies of the Rhee
government. Rhee's deep- seated anti-Japanese
hatred dominates' his policies in international
trade. Japan could provide Korea with size-
able quantaties of industrial products in ex-
change for a portion of the usually excellent
Korean rice crop in a trade mutually bene-
ficial. But Syngman Rhee's emotions have taken
precedence over the needs and welfare of the
Korean people. Though Koreans do not relish
the memory of the days of the Japanese occu-
pation, they are far less concerned with that
than they are with the problem of raising their
standard of living from its present abysmally
N INTERNATIONAL relations, the Iron Man
has not infrequently acted in a most high-
handed and arbitrary manner. This has been
true not only with neighboring Japan but
with his staunchest allies, the United States
and Nationalist China. His ludicrous economic
policies cause us to pour millions of United
'DRAWINGS AND PAINTINGS':
Exhibit Displays Artistic Synthesis
.By JOHN WEICHSEL
Daily Staff Writer
DRAWINGS and Paintings, by
Al Weber and Bob Beetem, In-
structors, Department of Art."
This unpretentious sign now
stands on the first floor of the
Architecture and Design Building.
On the walls hang over two dozen
works by two equally unpreten-
tious gentlemen, Albert Weber and
Robert Beetem, members of the
Visual Arts faculty.
The exhibit, a collection of the
recent works of both artists, will be
shown until May 20.
WEBER RETURNED last June
from a trip to Europe where he
painted and studied in Vadrid and
in other locations on the continent
for three years.
His works in the Architecture
and Design Building are, as Weber
said in discussing the exhibit, a
THIS CONTINUAL discarding is
a mental and emotional "spring
cleaning." It manifests itself in the
artist and his work through sim-
plification which allows a move-
ment "toward a more original and
primitive awareness," as Weber
The artist must rid himself of
his established notions and habits
as, Weber commented, "he would
remove a veil from his eyes."
This veil consist of superficiali-
ties interfering with the artist's
perception of the external world
from* which he draws so much of
the raw material for his creative
* * *
ONLY if the artist sees clearly
and originally, Weber noted, can
his environment "make its proper
impact on the sensibilities and the
spirit of the artist, and move him
to a very personal creative ex-
mean as much as the picture," the
artist expressed his relationship,
and the correlation of most artists,
to their work:
"The painter, working, is alone
DAVE BAAD, Managing Editor
MURRY FRYMER RJIM DYGERT
Editorial Di.ector City Editor
DEBRA DURCHSLAG ................ Magazine1
DAVID KAPLAN ....................FeatureI
JANE HOWARD.................... Associate1
LOUISE TYOR ...................... Associate1
PHIL DOUGLIS... ..... ....... ........ SportsI
ALAN EISENBERG...........Associate Sports
JACK HORWITZ............Associate Sports1
MARY HELLTHALER Women'sI
ELAINE EDMONDS ........Associate Women's1
JOHN HIRTZEL... ...
.. Chief Photographer
B7t fl,-Pc .Staff