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April 29, 1956 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1956-04-29

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SUNDAY
MAGAZINE'
(See Second Section)

Y

Latest Deadline in the State

~aitr

V~r*.

SHOWERS, COLDER

VOL. LXVI, No. 142 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, APRIL 29, 1956

SIX PAGES

British Disclose
Murder Scheme

1956-57 CONCERTS:
Top Artists To Appear Next Season

RussianSai lors Tesify
Soviets.Forced Friends

i

Anti-Communists Drew Lots To Kill
Soviet Leaders Visiting in England
LONDON (I')-High British officials said yesterday anti-Commu-
nists had plotted to assassinate Russian Prime Minister Bulganin and
Soviet party boss Nikita Khrushchev during their just-concluded 10-
day visit to Britain.
London newspapers, the first to break the story, gave it wide
play. One account said a secret anti-Communist band drew lots one

night to choose a single man
would have rocked the world.
The British officials said
UN :Leader
Visits Egypt
On Mission
Hammarskold
Tries for Peace
CAIRO, Egypt (AP)-Dag Har
marskjold met with Egyptian lea
ers yesterday in an effort to tran
late the cease-fire agreement wi
Israel into an enduring Midd
East peace.
The close-mouthed United N
tions Secretary General flew he
from Beirut, Lebanon, for wh
likely will be the last round of i
mission before reporting to t
Security Council.He was loseti
in short order with Egyptian Fo
eign Minister Mabmoud Fawzi.
Tension Lower
,Hammarskold came here aft
obtaining the pledges of Egyi
Israel and Syria to a cease-fi
along their borders, and cond
tional pledges from two other Ar
states, Lebanon and Syria. TJ
result has been a decided loweri
of tension.
He was primarily interested '
his second visit to Cairo in ph:
sical arrangements for maki
the cease-fire stick along the I
raeli-Egyptian front.
Suggest Observation
Suggestions for such arrang
merts have included an increa
in the number ofUN truce observ
ers, mobile patrols, observati
posts for UN personnel at strat
gic border points, and the wit
drawal of troops from immedia
contact on either side of the d'
marcation line.
on troop withdrawals, the Egy]
tians have suggested pulling t
troops back about 500 yards. B
Hammarskjold is reported to ha
urged simply that the opposi
troops be kept out of sight fro
each other with the actual di
tance of withdrawal determin
* by local geography and circu
stances.
Paper Sights
Detroit Area
'White' Groups
Pro-segregationist citizen's cour
cils of Alabama are attempting I
organize chapters in the Detro
metropolitan area, according I
the Detroit Free Press.
Dearborn Mayor Orville Hut
bard told newsmen he had bee
invited to "a White Citizens Cour,
cil organizational meeting" i
Highland Park and was unable ti
attend.
"I've had letters from peop
telling me that Citizens Counci
are being organized in Detroi
Lansing, Flint and Highland Park
Hubbard said, according to th
Free Press.
The Dearborn mayor denie
knowledge that such organizin
might be taking place in h:
city. "We don't need one here,'
he said. "Citizen's Councils are fc
places where they have problems.
The white supremacy group, tb
Free Press learned, has tried t
place an advertisement appealin
for new members in the Inde

pendent, a Dearborn paper, ant
an unnamed Detroit daily.
The Citizen's Councils were
formed in the South to fight the
Supreme Court ruling ordering in-
tegration in the schools.

for an assassination attempt which

-US'& '

d of the plot reached Scotland
Yard and set off extremely tight
security, measures.
Plot by Eastern Europeans
A British government source
said an assassination plot' was
arranged by men 'believed to re-
present two small organizations of
migres from Eastern Europe.
British security men watched
he ports and checked on visa ap-
>lications to keep out all known
nti-Communist extremists. A For-
ign Office spokesan said local
>olice also took "logical action
against the large number of people
iostilet to the Soviet regime."
All Tips Checked
Even the most far-fetched and
nelodramatic of the tips reaching
Scotland Yard were checked. In
addition to the usual bomb-from-
he-roof and poison-in-the-pud-
ding reports, there were some more
ntricate and detailed, like the
>lan to mine the River Thames
outside London.
But throughout the 10 days,
nothing more materialized than a
few fireworks set off by British
pranksters and a few insults
hurled at the visiting Russians by
some outspoken critics.

Poland Will
Return 'Pay
To Heroes
VIENNA, Austria (P-Poland's
Communist government yesterday
took a new step -on the path of
righting some of 'the gravest
wrongs of the -Stalin era.
It promised restoration of pen-
sions and honors to the survivors
of the heoric non-Communist Pol-
ish home army.
This is the resistance group
which staged the vain and bloody
Warsawsuprising againsththe Nazi
occupiers in 1944 while their Rus-
sian "liberators" stood idle out-
side the capital.
Members Discriminated
Radio Warsaw reported that
Premier Josef Cyrankiewicz ad-
mitted before a session of Parli-
ament that members of the home
army had been discriminated
against and persecuted since the
Communists took over the country
'i 1954.
Cyrankiewicz said an investigat-
ing committee had established the
injustices against the non-Commu-
nist resistance fighters of Gen.
Bor Tadeusz Komorowski and their
families.
'Measures To Be Taken
He assured a questioner that
measures would be taken im-
mediately to restore pensions and
that members of the home army
and their families "will also be
given all their rights."
The Warsaw revolt of the un-
derground forces was crushed by
the Nazis because only the West-
ern Allies offered help, and that
by long distance, while the Rus-
sians waited.

Kurt Baum, the Vienna Philhar-
monic Orchestra, the Cleveland
Orchestra and the Vienna Choir
Boys will be among featured artists
for the 1956-1957 Choral Union
Concerts.
Also announced yesterday were
programs for the Extra Concert
Series, featuring M a n t o v a n i,
Chamber Music Festival, annual
"Messiah" performances and May
Festival for thecoming year.
Five symphony orchestras and
three pianists are scheduled for
the regular series, which will open
Oct. 4 with Herva Nelli, soporano,
and Kurt Baum, tenor, of the Met-
ropolitan Opera.
Charles Munch will conduct the
Boston Symphony Orchestra on
Oct. 15.
Von Karajan To Appear
Herbert von Karajan, bringing
his famed Berlin Philharmonic
Orchestra to America for the sec-
ond time, will be heard Oct. 21.
R o b e r t Casadesus, appearing
Nov. 5, will be the first pianist to
perform.
'Andre Cluytens will conduct the
world-renowned Vienna Philhar-
monic Orchestra on Nov. 20, which
will be followed by pianist Arthur
Rubinstein, Jan. 14.
Vienna Choir Boys will return
for a concert, Jan. 20, followed by
Humphrey
Blasts GOP
For Tactics
WASHINGTON (P)-Sen. Hum-
phrey (D-Minn) yesterday accused
Republican spokesmen in 'Minne-
sota of employing "gutter poli-
tics" in exploiting a statement he
said he never made.
Humphrey exhibited a letter
from Boston University express-
ing "sincere regrets" for what
Dean Duncan MacDonald of the
graduate school said was a "mis-
representation" of Humphrey's
remarks at an April 16 panel dis-
cussion
Humphrey said that on the panel
he declared any w i d e s p r e a d
drought could change the agricul-
tural position from one of surplus
to one of scarcity.
'That Will Not happen'
"I said I hope that will not-
and let me emphasize the word
not-happen, even though such a
tragedy might teach a lesson both
to this administration and to city
people who show little concern
with agricultural," Humphrey said
in a statement.
He added that the word "not"
had been dropped from some ac-
counts of his remarks.
The University's publicity de-
partment put out a release on what
Dean Duncan said were "off the
record remarks."
Release Misquoted
The release quoted Humphrey
as saying "if there is a drought in
the Middle West it will result in the
prices of pork, beef and milk go-
ing up in cities like Boston and
New York.
"I, personally, hope this hap-
pens as it might teach the admin-
istration a lesson." An Associated
Press story carried this quotation
on the basis of the university re-
lease.
Duncan said in his letter the
release was a "completely false"
representation of Humphrey's ex-
pression on the panel.
Humphrey said in his statement
that this "amazing distortion of
the truth" had been widely circu-
lated in Minnesota.

Farm Bill Veto Called
New Republican Victory
WASHINGTON (M)-President Dwight D. Eisenhower appears to
have out-maneuvered congressional Democrats who thought they had
him over a political barrel because of his farm bill veto.
In the nearly two weeks since the President's rejection of the
measure there have been few signs of the kind of farm belt rebellion
against the action that some Democrats were counting upon.
Republican Complaints Lessened
Similarly, Republican complaints against the veto have died to
a whisper in Congress. There is every indication of almost solid GOP

ToGo

CONDUCTORS-Arthur Fiedler, left, conductor of the Boston
Pops Orchestra; and Andre Cluytens, conductor of the Vienna
Philharmonic Orchestra, will appear in the 1956-57 Choral
Union Concerts.

Solomon, England's piano virtuoso,I
Feb. 21.
Thor Johnson will conduct the
Cincinnati Symphony Feb. 26.
Choral Union Concert Series;
will close March 10 with George}
rSzell conducting the Cleveland
Orchestra. $
Mantovani To Conduct
The Extra Concert Series opens.
Oct. 11 with the Mantovani and
his New Music.
Charles Munch will reappear
with the Boston Symphony Orch-
estra Oct. 17, and Elizabeth
Schwarzkopf, renowned German
soprano, will sing on Nov. 14.
Leonard dePaur will direct theI
dePaur Opera Gala, Jan. 10 in a
concert featuring selections from
three Broadway hits, "The Four
Saints," "Carmen Jones" and
"Porgy and Bess."
Extra Concert Series will close
March 3 with Arthur Fielder con-
ducting the Boston Pops Tour
Orchestra.
'Messiah' To Be Heard
The two annual "Messiah" per-
formances will take place Dec. 1-
and 2 in Hill Auditorium. Lesterj
McCoy will wield the baton for the
University Musical Society's Choral
Union of 325 voices and the Musi-
cal Society's Orchestra.
"Messiah" soloists will include:t
Adele Addison, soprano; Eunicef
Alberts,Acontralto; Howard Jar-
ratt, tenor; and Kenneth Smith,
bass.f
See ORCHESTRAS, Page 6 t

SOLOIST-Kurt Baum, Metro-
politan Opera tenor, will open
Choral Union Concert Series.
D .C. 'To Get
First Ballot
WASHINGTON (M-District of
Columbia residents get a chance
to vote officially Tuesday for the
first time in 82 years.
But it will be a complicated af-
fair and only for national conven-
tion delegates, featuring an indi-
rect Stevenson-Kefauver clash for
six Democratic convention votes
and for major party committee-
men.
It is a two-party primary au-
thorized by Act of Congress to re-
place an unofficial party-con-
ducted selection system.
Washingtonians still can't vote
for president, members of Cong-
ress or even local government of-
ficials. The last time they voted
for local candidates was in the
1870's.

Positions Open
Petitioning will begin tomorrow
for positions on the Homecoming
Central Committee and extend un-
til May 7.
Positions available are publicity
co-chairmen, decorations co-chair-
men, display co-chairmen, tickets
co-chairmen, and chairmen of
building and grounds; programs
and patrons, band, finance and
the position of secretary. -

s
r
t
c
f
x
f
f

Home

support for new farm legislation
the President would find accept-
able.
This, plus some Democratic
backing, may deliver to the Presi-
dent's desk in the next few weeks
a soil bank measure designed to
put some government checks in
the hands of farmers before they
go to the polls in November.
Democratic leaders have said
they won't go along with the Presi-
dent's advance payment plan.
Under it farmers who sign up to
take land out of cultivation would
get immediately 50 per cent of the
amount due them when they com-
ply fully with the contract.
Republicans Convinced
Congressional Republicans are
convinced that in a showdown
many Democrats will hesitate be-
fore voting against a proposal
which would give farm income a
shot in the arm.
While the soil bank program
holds out some hopes for income
increases, Republicans are count-
ing politically also on rising farm
prices between now and election
time.'
These prices went up one per
cent between mid-March and mid-
April, continuing an upward trend
which began in December.
Sen. Aiken (R-Vt.) said he
thinks they will continue to rise.
He said that is one reason he be-
lieves Democrats will make certain
that this session passes some farm
legislation.
"The Democrats just can't af-
ford to let farm prices go up 10
per cent this year-as they are
likely to do under present law -
without passing some legislation
they can contend made those
price increases possible," he said.
Senate Faces
Highway Bill
WASHINGTON (P)-Sen. Albert
Gore (D-Tenn) said yesterday the
principal Senate-House difference
over the big highway construction
bill is how to apportion money to
the ,states for the 40,000-mile in-
terstate system.
Sen. Gore, author of the Senate
version of the bill, said in an in-
terview he was sure a satisfactory
compromise would be worked out,
but that the appartionment pro-
blem could prove a real stickler.
House Passed Bill
The House passed its bill by a
whopping 388-19 vote Friday 'and
sent it to the Senate, which has
passed a different bill.
The House measure calls for a
5% - billion - dollar Federal - state
spending program over the next
13 years.' It is designed to moder-
nize the nation's road system so it
can handle the vastly expanded
traffic load.
Bill Has New Taxes
The bill also provides 15 billions
in new U.S. taxes over a 16-year
period to help pay the federal
share of the cost.
The Gore bill, passed by the
Senate laZY May, sets up a five-
year, 18-billiow-dollar federal-state
program.
Both the Gore and the House
versions allot most of the new
money to the interstate system.
Group Leader
Applications
Applications for orientation
group leaders for next fall will be

Estes Says
Ike Put Top
On Progress
By The Associated Press
Sen. Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn)
critizing Eisenhower administra-
tion policies, says the Republican
party has "placed a ceiling on pro-
gress."
Republicans in their turn say
GOP policies have given the work-
ing man a greater share of the
national income.
Kefauver, completing a swing
through Oregon and Washington,.
hopped across-country yesterday
toward another busy week of cam-
paigning in Florida. Adlai E. Ste-
venson moved into Portland, Ore.,
to start a series of West Coast
appearances.
Harriman To Campaign
The two are so far the only
avowed candidates for the Demo-
cratic presidential nomination.
But Philleo ltash, Wisconsin Dem-
.ocratic state chairman, predicted
in Milwaukee yesterday that Gov.
Averell Harriman of New York
will "open his active campaign"
for the nomination in a speech
there May 5,
Harriman has said repeatedly
he is "not an active candidate,"
and added a week ago that it was
"highly questionable" he would
ever change that status.
Nash Read Copy
But Nash said he had read a
draft of Harriman's addres pre-
pared for a Jefferson-Jackson Day
dinner and added, "We have in
the making a really great nation-
al event."
A statementbyHouse speaker
Sam Rayburn indicated he hopes
for morethan a favorite son
candidacy also by Senate Leader
Lyndon B. Johnson (D-Texas).
Rayburn's statement, another in
a series of sharp exchanges with
Texas Gov. Allan Shivers, in a
contest for control of the Texas
delegation, took issue with a sug-
gestion that Shivers head the
delegation and Johnson be the
favorite son.
Senior lass
officers _Try
For Positions
Candidates for senior class posi-
tions in the literary college
and engineering college were an-
nounced by Bill Gardner, presi-
dent of the Senior Board.
Ron L. Boorstein, Duke Greg-
ory, and John C. Wrona are the
candidates for president of the
literary college. Candidates for
the vice-presidency are Donald B.
Booth, Clifford H. Hart, William
P. Johnson and Jerry R. Mohrig.
Diana Cook, Vatalio J. Grodnick,
Marl Kamen and Ann Preston are
the candidates for secretary with
Harlan E. Givelber and Jerry
Goebel the candidates for treas-
urer.
Glen Carlson, Sheldon Levin,
Brian Moriarty and Don Pattersen
are competing for the presidency
of the engineering college.
Vice-president candidates are
Phil Ardussi, Ron Krause, John
Moore and Richard Souslin. For
the combined office of secretary-
treasurer Edward White is the
only candidate.

. USSR-
Seamen Say
They Intend
ToStay Here,
Tell of Familes
Waiting, Beggin
WASHINGTON (A)-Three Rus-
sian seamen, declaring they plan
to remain in this country, testi-
fied yesterday they thought "pres-
sure" caused five of their com-
panions to return to Russia.
"Somebody put pressure on
them," said Viktor Tatamikov,
adding "I am sorry. They will
perish. They will cut wood in the
slave labor camp.",!
The three seamen went before
the Senate Internal Security sub-
committee to tell their story only
a day after they had spurned di-
rect appeals from Soviet Ambas-
sador Georgi Zarubin that they
return to Russia.
Families Waiting
Michael Ivankov - Nikolov, 35,
quoted Zarubin that "our families
were waiting for us, begging us to
come back and that all weuld be
forgotten."
"But the expression on his face
contrasted with everything he
said," Ivankov-Nikolov added.
Ben Ermenko, the third witness,
told a similar story. He said Zar-
ubin told him "my family is wait-
ing for me and the government
continues to pay them my salary."
Seamen Appeared
A fourth seaman, Viktor Solov-
yev, had appeared previously be-
fore the subcommittee, which is
looking into Soviet activities in the
United States.
All were crewmen on the Soviet
tanker Tuapse, which was im-
pounded by Nationalist China in
1954. They and the five who re-
turned to Russia suddenly on April
7 had obtained political asylum in
this country last October.
The flight of the five, under con-
ditions which some have described
as "kidnaping," caused the United
States to expel two Soviet repre-
sentatives to the United Nations
on grounds they acted outside the
scope of their authority.
Since returning to Russia, the
five have told ijewsmen there they
acted voluntarily. But this was dis-
puted by the four who remained.
Speedy Time
MarchesOn,
But Not Here
Daylight saving time arrived at
2 a.m. today, but not for residents
of Michigan.
The annual problem, condemned
as summer madness in rural areas
and welcomed by city folk, will
involve all or substantial parts of
16 states and the District of
Columbia.
Most adherents of the new
schedule are concentrated in the
northeastern and upper midwest-
ern areas of the country. Since'.
these are among the most heavily
populated, nearly half of the na-
tion's total population will observe
the new schedule.
Clocks Advance Hour
In case anyone has forgotten,
clocks in areas converting to day-
light saving time, or "D.S.T." as

it will affectionately be known, will
turn their clocks one hour ahead.
The advantage to this lies in the
addition of one hour to summer
evenings. This extra sixty minutes
should be helpful to such things
as extra-inning baseball games.
To add to the confusion of this
time change, many areas have
shown their independence by start-
ing daylight saving time on some
date other than today.
Adopted in 1916
The normally conservative Eng-
lish invented daylight saving time,
where it was adopted in 1916 while
Britain was suffering from a World
Wart I shortage of coal and elec-

DRAMA SEASON:
Supporting Performers

Budget Bureau To Make
Suggested Alterations
WASHINGTON (P)-The White House announced yesterday the
Budget Bureau is taking two of the steps recommended by the
Hoover Commission to put government on a more business-like basis
and reduce its cost to taxpayers.
The steps involvetan expansion of the Budget Bureau and efforts
to modernize the government's accounting system.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Budget Director Percival
F. Brundage also endorsed the Hoover Commission proposal that
appropriations be based on "accrued expenditures"-that is, that
Congress vote money on the basis of goods and services to be re-
ceived by departments and agen-
cies during the coming year.
There would be provisions for
supplementary authorizations and
1rlimitations as required.
Appropriations Limited
Appropriations now are made in
terms of obligations, with amounts
appropriated serving as a limit on
goods and services to be ordered.
The two actions taken by the
: Budget Bureau itself were:
1. Enlargement of the bureau
by about 30 employes-subject to
Congress granting the $400,000
yearly required.
2. Establishment of a staff Of-
fice of Accounting, headed by Asst.
Director Percy Rappaport, to de-
velop an over-all accounting plan
designed to enable top officials to
know better what is going on and

Additional performers have been
announced for the 1956 University
Drama Season.
They are Stephen Chase, Janet
DeGore, Truman Smith, Richard
Ward, Phillip Lindsay, Louis Ed-
monds, Milton Selzer, Pamela
Simpson, William Weaver, Paula
Bauersmith, Michael Laurence and
Bradford Dillman.
Chase will portray Judith An-
derson's husband in "Black Chif-
fon," opening the season May 14.
"The Member of the Wedding,"
opening May 21 with Ethel Wat-
ers in the starring role, will have

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