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April 11, 1956 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1956-04-11

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'TEXT OF CIVIL
RIGHTS PLAIN

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Latest Deadline in the State

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CLOUDY, WARMER

STY PAGER~

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ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, APIIL 11, 1956

asAAs J17,M% JrAO

'V VLF-LaJt . a, ,. *-

Lake Committee
To Set Up Here;
By RICHARD TAUB
The University will serve as headquarters for the newly-estab-
lished Great Lakes Commission, Michigan Attorney General Thomas
M. Kavanagh announced yesterday at a news conference held in the
Regents room of the Administration Building.
University President Harlan H. Hatcher welcomed theuCommis-
sion and expressed the hope that the commission and university
might be mutually beneficial.
Offices in Rackham
The offices, which have already been turned over to the or-
ganization, are located in the Rackham Building.
After consideration of several places, the University was chosen
to house the group because of its proximity to rail and air connec-
otions and its interest in the Great

Administration May

Request

Congress Send U.S. Troops
To Fight in Middle East Crisis.

-Daily-Sam Ching
HOW'S THIS FOR SIZE--Deborah Bacon, Dean of Women, and
Walter B. Rea, Dean of Men, try on the straw, blue-trimmed hats
for Michigras, as Paula Strong and Barney Helzberg, general
co-chairmen of Michigras, look on. The hats will go on sale
today at several locations around campus. Only a limited number
of the hats were purchased.
F
Republicans Seek.
FarmBill Support

f WASHIINGTON ()-

House leaders sought yesterday to
rally wavering GOP ranks behind
a substitute farm bill which Presi-
dent Eisenhower will sign.
Following a two-hour strategy
meeting of GOP house members,
Republican Leader Joseph Martin
of Massachusetts said a final deci-
sion still has to be reached on the
form of a substitute for the Sen-
ate-House compromise coming to
a showdown vote in the house to-
day.
But. Rep. C. R. Hope of Kansas,
ranking Republican on the ouse
Agriculture Committee, told dews-
men that unless there was a big
and unexpected shift in the Demp-
cratic vote the Republican move to
make basic changes in the farm
bill would be beaten.
Rep. H. R. Gross (R-Iowa) said
after the conference that the GOP
substitute "will be beaten" and the
compromise measure "will be pass-
ed."
"I am hopeful sanity will pre-
vail," was all that Martin would
say about the substitute's chances.
Although Martin reported the
GOP strategy had not been worked
out in detail, the GOP proposal to
be submitted to the House Wednes-
day is understood to call for a
return to the flexible price support
program in effect for the 1955
- crop.
Under this, prices of major crops
,and dairy products are supported

by the government at from 75 to
90 per cent of parity.
The Senate-House conference
bill, pronounced unacceptable by
the administration, calls for rein-
statement of rigid price' supports
at 90 per cent of parity. The bill
must still be acted upon by senate
and house.
Martin predicted that if the Re-
publicans get their substitute
measure through Congress, Pre4-
dent Eisenhower would sign it.
Cole Rushed
At Concert
BIRMINGHAM, Ala. P) - Nat
King Cole, Negro band leader, was
attacked by a group of white men
last night as. he sang from the
stage of Birmingham's Municipal
Auditorium.
Cole was singing the second of
two numbers in aconcert billed for
"all-white" customers. He was to
give a second concert later for
Negro patrons in segregated Birm-
ingham.
"A physician already has ex-
amined Cole and he is not injured.
Thank God for that," said
Schwartz. I
About six white men rushed the
singer-pianist, three of them
mounting the high stage and
plunging over the footlights,
knocking Cole and the microphone
to the floor.

Middle East
Peace Talks
Commence,
CAIRO, Egypt (M)-United Na-
tions Secretary General Dag Ham-
marskjold settled to on-the-spot
talks Tuesday night in his effort
to still the Arab-Israeli violence
disturbing the peace of the Middle
East.
Amid reports of fresh incidents,
Hammarsjold flew first to Tel Aviv
and then to Pairo on the special
peace mission he undertook by
unanimous order of the Security
Council.
Hammarskjold talked with Egyp-
tian Foreign Minister Mahmoud
Fawzi and arranged to meet
Premier Gamal Abdel Nasser Wed-
nesday.
A spokesman said the secretary
general's plans are flexible, but he
expects to remain here until Mon-
day and then return 'to Israel for
consultations with Premier David
'Ben-Gurion's government.
It was emphasized that the offi-
cial talks are opening with Egypt,
leader of the Arab bloc, though
Hammarskjold and Burns had
luncheon in Tel Aviv with three
Israeli foreign office officials.
A UN spokesman said the Is-
raelis had joined the two "on a
social basis" and Hammarskjold'
did not engage in official conver-
sation with them.
NeWS Group
Adds to Staff
The University News Service
has added two reporters to its
staff.
Robert W. Beyers will cover
activities in the Law School, the
Institute of Social Research and
other special areas. Beyers is
former editor of the weekly paper,
"The Reporter" in Washtenaw
County.
Alan C. Davis, '55, will report
activiti'es -at the University Hos-
pital and related news.

Lakes Basin.
Lake Hydraulics Laboratory of
the Engineering Research Institute
and the Great Lakes Research In-
stitute are the two major Univer-
sity groups concerned with this
area.
The latter is an organization
within the Horace H. Rackham
School of Graduate Studies. Its
purpose is to enecourage and in-
tegrate "studies of the physical,
chemical, biological and other as-
pects of the Great Lakes and re-
lated areas."
Concerned With Lake Problems!
The commission, whose mem-,
bership is made up of representa-
tives from Great Lakes Basin
states, . is concerned with such
things as maintaining lake levels,
pollution control, beach erosion,
navigation, fisheries, power devel-
opment and diversion of waters
from and into the basin.
Its importance has been in-
creased because of the present
need of large quantities of water
required to cool atomic reactors,
Kavanagh added.
The commission's interest in-
cludes any part of the Great Lakes
watershed which touches on the
involved states.
Developed From Conference
After about 15 years of propo-
sals, the Great Lakes Basin Com-I
pact was developed following a
Great Lakes States Seaway and
Water Resources Conference in
1954.
The commission . grew out of
this compact and its present form'
was devised by Nicolas V. Olds,
Michigan Assistant Attorney Gen-
eral, and finally organized in De-
cember, 1955.
It has no regulatory or legisla-
tive powers, but can make recom-
mendations to s t a t e legisla-
tures, government commissions
and congress after extensive re-
search.
British .Place
Rigid Control
Over Airport
NICOSIA, Cyprus (P) - British
authorities claimed rigid military
control on Nicosia's busy interna-
tional airport yesterday as a safe-
guard against rebel sabotage.
Royal Air Force men took full,
charge of airport operations and
a strict security ring was thrown
around the field. X-ray equipment
was installed to scan luggage, mail
and even passengers' clothing for
time bombs.
Except for a few immigration
officials, all Cypriot employes were
barredfrom an area around the
terminal buildings.
The emergency measure was or-
dered after interception of a letter
instructing a rebel agent to try
placing a time board aboard a
plane.

Night March
Action Called
'iscipiay
PARRIS ISLAND, S. C. (P)-A
Marine Corps court of inquiry
heard testimorW yesterday from
survivors of a forced night march
into a treacherous tidal stream,
ordered by a drill sergeant "to
teach the platoon discipline."
Six of the 75 recruits who were
led into the river near this "boot"
training center by S. Sgt. Matthew
C. McKeon of Worchester, Mass.,
drowned.
Gen. Randolph Pate, Marine
Corps commandant who came
here from Washington to make a
personal investigation, said the
forced march was "most unusual"
and unique in his experience. He
said McKeon had no authority for
disciplinary action nor for sched-
uling such a march.
Maj. Gen. Joseph C. Burger, the
base commander, also said the
march was unscheduled and called
it "a most serious tragedy."
McKeon, 31, who will remain in
custody until the inquiry is' com-
pleted, issued a statement through
his counsel stating that he led the
men on the ill-fated march to.
teach them discipline.
"I can't find words to express
my grief," he added. -
Macy Store
Hit by Strike
NEW YORK ()-Pickets by the
thousands ringed the fabulous
Macy department store in Mid-
Manhattan yesterday in a strike
called by a union representing
most of the store's 8,000 employes.
Business, however, went on more
or less as usual. Nonunion and
supervisory employes manned the
counters-albeit a bit awkwardly
in some cases.
While jeers and boos of the
parading pickets discouraged some
would-be customers from entering
the portals of the world's largest
department store, many others
went right on in.
"Naturally," said a store spokes-
man, "business isn't going to be
quite the same as on a normal
Tuesday."
The strike was called at 12:01
a.m. yesterday by Local 1-S of the
Retail, Wholesale and Department
Store Workers. The union's con-
tract with the store expired April
1 and a new agreement could not
be reached.
Drill To Test
U.S. Readiness,
WASHINGTON (IP)-A week-long
war drill in July will test Ameri-
ca's readiness to meet a swift
and far-ranging nuclear assault
on scores of cities, air bases and
atomic installations.

-Daluy-JaOn .irtze
AL SIGMAN CROSSES PLATE AFTER GAME-WINNING
HOME RUN.
baseball. Team Defeats
Central Michiga n by 8-5

By DAVE RORABACHER,
Al Sigman's 400-ft. home run
with two men on base broke a 4-4
deadlock in the fifth inning and
gave the Michigan diamondmen
an 8-5 victory over Central Mich-
igan in their home opener yes-
terday afternoon.
Sigman's clout travelled well
over the 380-foot mark on the
centerfield fence and capped a
five-run fifth inning splurge to
break an otherwise tight game
wide open.
Fabulous Fifth
The fabulous fifth opened with
a bang as Frank. Ronan, batting
for pitcher Jim Clark, connected
with a single. After Captain Moby
Benedict fanned, Bruce Fox and
Howie Tommelein followed with
quick singles, Ronan scoring from
second on Tommelein's clout. Ken
Tippery flied out to right field
before .Steve Boros added the
fourth single of the inning to
score Fox.
Then Sigman smashed his long
homer and a Wolverine victory
was all but in the bag.
Despite the welcome victory,
however, coach Ray Fisher's big-
gest problem still awaits a solu-
tion.
The pitching situation, which
Fisher has been bemoaning since
last fall when the first mounds-

men began hurling balls down in
Yost Field House, appeared little
improved in yesterday's fiasco.
Four hurlers marched acrqss the
mound for the Wolverines as Fish-
er sought one who could tame the
eager Chips' batsmen.
Sophomore Dean Finkbeiner ap-
peared promising as. he gave up
no hits and issued two walks in
See 'RALLY' pagel
Society Taps
Black-gowned members of Mor-
tarboard national honorary society
for senior women last night wound
through the campus singing "Thy
Ideals" and tapping 19 new mem-
bers.
Chosen on basis of scholarship,
service and leadership were Suq
Arnold, Ruth Bassichis, Barbara
Clark, Mary'Lee Dingler, Caryl Du-
mond, Jane Fowler, Lynn Garver,
Judy Huber and Clarissa Knaggs.
Also tapped were Hazel Losh,
Barbara McNaught, Jeanne New-
ell, Carolyn Pridmore, Sandra
Rose, Andrea Snyder, Pat Stenberg,
Mary Ann Thdmas, Jocelyn Watt
and Peggy Zuelch.

Dulles Holds
Top Level
Conference
Ike To Present
Major Policies
WASHINGTON () - Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles paved
the way yesterday for a possible
request that Congress give re-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower auth-
ortty to use American troops in
the Middle East if war dangers
become acute there.
Dulles keeping in close touch
with Pres. Eisenhower, met for 1%!
hours with 14 key members of
Congress at the State Department.
Eight were Republicans and s
were Democrats.
Situation Reviewed
He reviewed with them the tense
Middle East situation made even
more serious by inew Arab-Israeli
bloodshed.
It was reported that he skirted
-but did not directly raise-the
question of asking Congress for a
Formosa-type resolution.
The White House announced
Pres. Eisenhower will make a ma-
jor foreign policy address on- April
21. It will be delivered in Wash-
ington before the American So-
ciety of Newspaper Editors and
presumably will cover the Middle
East crisis.
White House Statement
Focal point of Dulles' consulta-
tion with the congressional lead-
ers was Monday's White House'
-statement that any aggressorI
the Middle East will have to reck-
on with U.S. opposition.
The statement drew w a r m
praise yesterday from Britain and
France, in strong contrast to the
criticisms and goads toward ac-
tion they have been beaming at
Washington lately. But it did not
halt bloodshed or bring the Arabs
and Israelis into any friendlier at,
titude.
No Commient
Neither side *commented im-
mediately on it.
It did, however, bolster the hand
of U.N. Secretary General Dag
Hammarskjold, who launched his
month-long on-the-spot survey of
the Middle East tinderbox by, mak-
ing initial calls at Tel Aviv and
Cairo.
No Resolution Asked
The key members of Congress
who met with Dulles came away
telling reporters Dulles had not
asked them for a resolution auth-
orizing Pres. Eisenhower to act a.
he deemed fit in the Middle East
dispute.
Pres.-Eisenhower got that kind
of authority from Congress last
year when war clouds gathered
over Forinosa.
He still has it, although the Chi-
nese Communists never launched
a feared invasion of the Natonal-
ist stronghold of Formosa, which
the United States is sworn by
treaty to protect.
Sara Gullette
Named Head
Of Secretariat
Sara Gullette, '58, has been
named executive secretary of the
Big Ten Residence Halls Associa-
tion.
She will have charge of the Big

Ten Secretariat, composed of Don
MacLennan, '58, treasurer, Ruth
Alkema, '58, Gwenn Bashara, '57,
and Robert Birnbaum, '58.
The secretariat, which will even-
tually have its office in the new
Student Activities Building, will
act as a clearing house of informa-
tion pertaining to residence halls
for the member schools of the as-
sociation.
Appointments were made to the
secretariat by the Inter-House

SGC To View

Procedural

I

Suggestions
Three procedural recommenda-
tions arising out of Review Board
consideration of the spring rush-
ing issue will be up for Student
Government Council discussion
and possible action tonight.
The recommendations- accom-
panied the Board's March 20 de-
cision upholding SGC's 10-8 ap-
proval of spring rushing for sorori-
ties.
Considered will be the Coun-
" cii President's voting privileges,
the number of Council votes nec-
essary to approve or reject an
action and speaking privileges
which the Council should accord
students and non-students when
a particular issue comes up.
The motion will 'be presented
to the Council by a unanimous
mandate of the Social and Edu-
cational Welfare Committee.
SGC will also be asked to ap-
prove two student representatives
to the all-University Counseling
Student Committee which is now
being' organized by Vice-President
for Student Affairs James A.
Lewis.
The study group, which was
recommended by the Council, will
investigate and rake recommen-
dations on at least 17 University
agencies such as academic coun-
seling and psychological services.
* Reports will also be given on
Coordinating and C o u n s e 1 i n g
progress, Homecoming Dance prof-

Detroit Attorney Criticizes
Banks .in Talk .before AAFR
Banks, the interest rates they charge, and the deposit currency
they create received a thorough scolding here last night by Mr. U. S.
A. Heggblom in the Wesley Lounge.
Heggblom, asked to campus by the Ann Arbor Fellowship of
Reconciliation-a pacifist, integrationist group, 'with predominantly
a Quaker, Menonite, and Church of the Brethern orientation-spoke
on the "Madness of Our Economic System" and recommended the
abolition of banks in favor of government le.nding.
"Banks create depressions," claimed the bull-throated Detroit
attorney, "by creating money and charging interest for it."
This is Heggblom's panacea,i"the middle road between socialism
and capitalism" as he termed it:
take the new Mackinac Bridge as FLORIDA VACATION P
a case in point. In place of issuing
bonds to financiers to pay the Sc ,
$100,000,000 cost for labor and Scot H its Ja
materials, which would bring the
plus-interest cost of the bridge to -
nearly $150,000,000, let the gov-
ernment create the money.
After the structure is completed
$100,000,000 in tolls will be collect-
ed and the money repayed to the
government. This way the money :
supply could be adjusted by the .
government to the output or sup-
ply of labor and materials, keep-
nig prices stable and the economy
healthy.
Lincoln, Jefferson, Edison and
Franklin favored this greenback-
theory of economic stability," was
one of Heggblom's documented .
claims.

PAYS OFF:
ckpot, Gets Trip To South.

Stevenson Takes Strong Ldead'
In Illinois Primar Election
CHICAGO (P)-Adlai E. Stevenson, making his strongest show-
ing of the 1956 political season, ,piled up a larger vote than Pres.
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday in mounting, returns froi the.
Illinois presidential perference primary.
Stevenson had a big advantage in Cook County Chicago, the
citadel of his Democratic party.
Pres. Eisenhower carried 'Illinois with almost 55 per cent of the
vote when he overwhelmed Stevenson in th9 1952 race for the presi-
dency.
Only the name of Stevenson was printed on the Democratic
ballot in his home state. But Sen.
Estes Kefauver of Tennessee, who
defeated Stevenson decisively In
Arthe New Hampshire and Minne-
Arm erica sota primaries, received write-in
support in Illinois.
NAHRGANG Returns from 3,817 of the state's
duate law student from Edinburgh; 9,511 precincts gave Stevenson
erican students do and spend his 381,810. Sen. Kefauver received
2,641 write-ins in 1,174 precincts.
d out of the studio audience of a Pres. Eisenhower .had two op-
ed 11 out of 12 questions, and won ponents on the Republican prefer-
ms that included a two-week all- ence ballot-Sen. William F.
erica for two. Knowland of California, whose
name was filed by others although
hatHe Won he is backing the President, and
the jackpot contained. "It was all Lar Daly, a Chicago chair dealer.
alled. "When they told me the list D
't listen closely and missed hearing
Coed Union opera
day night, Kirkwood, a champion . .i O e
o hear the rebroadcast of the quiz Petitioning Begins

By VERNON
Last week Ian Kirkwood, a grai
Scotland, decided -to do as the Am
vacation in Florida.
In Miami Beach,.he was picke
quiz show, "True or False," answer
the program's $6000 jackpot of ite
expense-paid vacation to South Am
4 Not Sure WT
Kirkwood isn't sure of what else
very confusing at the time," he recE
of prizes during the program, I didn
what the jackpot was."
Driving up from Florida Satur
tennis 'and chess player, intended t
program.

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