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March 22, 1956 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1956-03-22

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Sixty-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, McH. * Phone NO 2-3241

Purge Of 1956

ien Opinions Are Free,
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

SDAY, MARCH 22, 1956

NIGHT EDITOR : DICK HALLORAN

AT THE CINEMA GUILD:
Sitting Pretty Happy
Tale of a Real GenIUs
H UMMINGBIRD HILL is a typical modern American suburban com-
munity, where everyone wants to know a little about everyone else.
Into this paradise bursts Lynn Belvedere, and "Sitting Pretty" tells just
what happens when he writes a brilliant satire on Hummingbird's
citizens and customs.
Belvedere, played by Clifton Webb, comes to suburbia in answers to
an advertisement for a housekeeper placed in the paper by a desperate

A

4
4
4

I

Draft Eligibles Unwisely
Ignoring Deferment Test

[HE COLLEGE Qualification Test given by
the Selective Service System is being ig-
iored.
As of this date 127 draft eligible college stu-
ents are registered to take the test to be given
ere April 19.
This small number may be accounted for in
everal ways. One University official summed
t up very well when he said that it has become
he local custom on this campus not to bother
aking the test, but rather to take a chance on
eing drafted from school. Ever since the war
he prevailing attitude has been . to take a
hance.
It 18 lamentable that this attitude still ex-
its. Every registered male student between
he ages of 19 and 25 who has not had military
ervice should take the college qualification
est. There are approximately 7,000 men on
ampus in this category.
At the present time draft boards in the State
f Michigan are filling their quotas with vol-
nteers, but there is a chance that if quotas
,re raised or the number of volunteers drops
hat the individual local boards will serve
otices on college students.
In this event the new presidential order is-
ued recently directs the selective service boards
o take non-volunteers in the 19 to 26 year
ge group with the OLDEST being selected
irst. This also includes married persons who
o not. have a child or children with whom
hey maintain a family relationship.
It is particularly imperative then, that.older
tudents in graduate or professional schools

who have not reached the age of 26 take the
exam as a precaution against the possibility
' that they may want to request a deferment in
the future.
OUTSTATE students who are classified 1-A
by their draft boards should also take the
college qualification test. In several states,
notably New York, the number of volunteers
has been slack, and as a result some draft
boards located there are pressed for men. They
classify their registrants as soon as they pos-
sibly can whereas in the State of Michigan
they have been waiting to classify pending a.
policy revision.
Taking the test in no way affects the stu-
dent's classification, but only serves to fur-
nish evidence to the board when a deferment
is requested.
The college qualification test itself is copy-
righted by Science Research Associates of
Chicago. It is a three hour exam based on the
high school level, consisting of questions on
basic fundamentals of English, vocabulary and
3paragraphing for example, a section dealing
with eighth grade arithmetic problems with a
little first year algebra ,thrown in, and cleverly
contrived exercises in graph reading. It is easy
to pass. Anyone admitted to the University
should be able to make a good score.
Since non-volunteers will now be taken in
the order of age from the oldest first, it would
be wise for those students who have not taken
the test to do so when it is again given next
fall.
-GERALD DeMAAGD

Zola

' ©mfo -ASWAS41PGrom JPo.st- '~w

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:-
Benson's LobbMachine
By DREW PEARSON

mother. The man is, as he admits,
a genius, and has been at odd
periods during his life, a film direc-
tor, a bone specialist, an accom-
plished yogi, a practiced locksmith,
and an important psychologist.
The only things he has never been,
he acknowledges, are an idler and
a parasite.
* * *
HE IS HIRED by the housewife,
Maureen O'Haha (who is not the
world's greatest actress) and his
background makes it child's play
for him to cope with the family of
man, wife, three children, and
Great Dane. He handles them all
superbly, dropping ageless pearls of
philosophy before those mortals he
obviously considers more pitiable
than Olympian.
Even though taking time out
from family chores to keep up with
his yogi and write a book which
becomes a national best-seller in
qne week, Belvedere's unusual tal-
ents enable him to start the cildren
on the essential American paths of
temperance and knowledge, to re-
unite a quarreling couple, and to
turn Hummingbird Hill into his
own personal memorial.
* * *
WALTER LANG'S direction of
F. Hugh Herbert's screenplay kept
the camera mostly on Webb and
rightly so. Though there are a few
scenes when Belvedere's condes-
cending superiority become some-
what irritating, especially when no
comic efforts are attempted, the
majority of the film is a delightful
portrait of a true genius surround-
ed by normally incapable people.
Clifton Webb is suitably caustic1
and severe as the spartan philoso-
pher, and his object lesson with
the youngest child to demonstate
proper table manners, is something
of a classic. Robert Young is the
father, and Richard Hayden, as a
gossip-carrying iris breeder, almost
takes the play from Webb.
It's a light and entertaining film
without the whisp of a message or
a benefidial lesson, other than a
good laugh. Such an unpretentious
plot is a pleasure to enjoy once in
a while these days.
-Culver Eisenbeis
Band Concert
A review of last night's Sym-
phony band concert will appear
in tomorrow's Daily.
y LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
Letters to the Editor must be signed
and limited to 300 words. The Daily
reserves the right to edit or withhold
any letter.
Rubbing It In...
To the Editor:
AS Dr. Fine so truly affirmed at
last night's League Meeting:
Stevenson has to "win fairly de-
cisively" in Minnesota! Anyone for
Estes?
-Arthur Graham, Grad.

DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
THE Daily i Official Bulletin is an
off jolal pu.blicatin of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices, should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in by
2 p.m. Friday.
4
THURSDAY, MARCH 22, 1956
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 33
General Notices
Regents' Meeting: Fri., April 20, Com-
munications for consideration at this
meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than Thurs., April 12.
May FestivaL Tickets for single con-
certs are now on sale at $3.50, $3.00.
$2.50, $2.00 and $1.50-at the offices of
the University Musical Society in Burton
Memorial Tower. The Festival will be
held in Hill Auditorium-six concerts,
May 3 through 6r-four evening perform-
ances and matinees on Sat. and Sun.
The following student sponsored social
events are approved for the coming
weekend. Social chairmen are reminded
that requests for approval for social
events are due in the Office of Student
Affairs not later than 12:00 noon on the
Tuesday prior to the event.
March 23: Alpha Sigma Phi, Alpha
Tau Omega, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Delta
Theta Phi, Evans Scholars, Jordan, Ni
Sigma Nu, Palmer-Alice Lloyd, Phi Delta
Phi, Phi Delta Theta, Phi Gamma Delta,
Phi Kappa Sigma, Pi Lambda Phi, Psi
Omega, Psi Upsilon, Sigma Nu, Tau
Delta Phi, Theta Xi, Zeta Beta Tau.
March 24: Acacia, Adams, Alpha Chii
Sigma, Alpha Lambda, Anderson House,
Beta Theta Pi, Chi Psi, Delta Chi, Delta
Tau Delta, Delta Theta Phi, Gomberg,
Graduate Michigan Christian Fellow-
ship, Greene House, Inter-Cooperative
Council,uKelsey House, Lambda Chi
Alpha, Nu Sigma Nu, Phi Alpha Kappa,
Phi Delta Phi, Phi Kappa Tau, Phi Rho
Sigma, Phi Sigma Kappa, Reeves House,
Scott House, Sigma Alpha Epsilon,
Sigma Alpha Mu, Strauss House, Taylor
Theta Delta Chi, Theta Xi, Van Tyne,
Williams & Michigan.
March 25: Alpha Phi, Delta Theta Phi,
Gomberg, Phi Delta Phi..
Academic Notices
,Women Students-Physical Education
Classes: Registration for students com-
pleting the physical education require-
ment will be held on Fri., March 23,
7:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. In Barbour Gym.
nasium. Please enter through the base-
ment door. Students whose physical
education requirement is complete taut
who wish to elect an activity class may
register on Mon., Tues. and Wed., Mari
26, 27, 28 from 8:00 a.m. to 12 noon on
the main floor, Barbour Gymnasium.
Honors Program in Psychology: Psy-
chology concentrates who wish to apply
for the honor's program in Psychology
next year should contact Prof. Heyns
before March 30. Room 6634 Haven Hall,
Ext. 2731.
Organic Chemistry Seminar, Thura.,
March 22, 7:30 p.m., Room 1300 Chemis-
try Building. G. Hem will speak on
"Benzyne Intermediates in Nucleophilic
Substitution."
Physical- Analytical- Inorganic Chem-
stry Seminar. 7:30 p.m., Room 3005
Chemistry Building. C. Cluff will speak
(Continued on Page 6)

A.
I

A

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
S USSR-Some Guessing

WE DO NOT KNOW very much about the
ioff-the-record speech against Stalin which
Khrushchev made to the Communist Congress.
But there is no doubt that the present Soviet
rulers have long been determined to destroy
Stalin's reputation.
There is nothing implausible in their picture
of themselves as men who served Stalin be-
cause they were terrorized by him. Nor #s it
in the least improbable that in the Russian
revolution, as in other revolutions before it,
the period of terrorism comes at long last to
an end, once the great tyrant disappears.'
The news which is so meager but yet so fas-
cinating raises maly questions to which we
should like to know the answers. We should
like to know what it is that has impelled
Khrushchev to launch such a big and spectacu-
lar campaign of defamation. Why has he done
that when, with his control of the Soviet press,
he could have gone on ignoring Stalin, not men-
tioning his naime, and letting Stalin's memory
fade out? What has made the anti-Stalinist
campaign necessary at this time?
It does not seem to me at all likely that
Khrushchev has undertaken this campaign
primarily as part of the general Soviet cam-
paign to win the -good opinion of the non-
Communist world. I say primarily because it k
plain enough that the open disavowal of Stalin
will have a big effect on European and Asian
opinion.
The Stalinist dictatorship and the reign of
terror were originally the main reason for the
break between the Soviet Communist orbit and
the Sbcialist movements in the Western demo-
cracies. If Khrushchev can convince the non-
Communist Socialists and indeed the parties
of the left that the new rulers of Russia have
broken with Stalin, he will have removed a
powerful psychological block to the revival of
the policy of collaboration in a popular front.
Yet, while anti-Stalinism serves the present
policy of the Kremlin, it seems Ito me most im-
probable that Khrushchev would be doing any-
thing so dangerous solely because it is good
propaganda abroad. The Soviet propaganda
abroad has been working effectively on the line
of not mentioning Stalin, and the propaganda
could have gotten along without this outright
deliberate destruction of Stalin's image.
Editorial Staff
Dave Baad .......................... Managing Editor
Jim Dygert ... . ........................ City Editor
Murry Frymer ......,.............. Editorial Director
Debra Durchslag .....................Magazine Editor
David Kaplan ......... ....... Feature Editor
Jane Howard ...... .................. Assnciate Editor
Louise T'yor ....". ..... Associate Editor
Phil Douglis ...................... Sports Editor
Alan Eisenberg ............... Associate Sports Editor
Jack Horwit r ............. Associate Sports Editor
Cary Helithaler ............... Women's Editor
Elaine Edmonds ....,...Associate Women's Editor
John Hirtzel ...................... Chief Photographer
Business Staff

VALTER LIPPMANN |
There must be developments in the heart of
the Soviet Union itself, and f indeed within the
Communist Party itself, which account for what
is now being done.
We do not know, however, what these de-
velopments are. We can only guess, or rather
assume, that Khrushchev's main motive is
somehow that the destruction of the Stalin
legend is necessary to the survival of the
Khrushchev oligarchy.
IT IS A TEMPTATION to make a guess that
the outcome of what is happening in the
Soviet regime is likely to be some kind of auth-
oritarian military system, of which the hard
core would be the army rather than the party.
When Stalin died, this was the view of many of
the best students of the Soviet system.
There is evidence, however, to the contrary.
I have been told by men, not Americans, who
saw a great deal of Khrushchev, Bulganin,
Zhukov and Molotov at the Summit meeting
in Geneva, that Marshal Zhukov was treated
as a distinct inferior, and that there was no
doubt that the party leaders were on top.
The present anti-Stalin campaign may not,
therefore, stem'from the military leaders. But
we may well ask ourselves whether in the long
run Khrushchev and the. party.leaders, having
destroyed the legend of the dictatorship, can
maintain enough authority and discipline to
rule *the Soviet empire. There is a great risk
for the Communist Party in the Kremlin cam-
paign to destroy the legend of Stalin's infalla-
bility, to teach the ,people that it "would have
been desirable, had it been possible, to over-
throw the deified ,master of the Communist
world.
This campaign is teaching the Russians that
there might be good reason to rebel against
Communist authority. We must not, therefore,
rule out the possibility that the military men
will become more powerful in the government
if the party authority weakens.
The military men will, of course, become more
powerful in the realm of foreign relations. They
may already be. It is often said, quite rightly,
that though the tactics may change, the goals
of Soviet policy do not change. This is un-
doubtedly so true of the immediate concrete
goals of Soviet policy-that one may say that
these goals would be what they are if the Com-
munistrulers were replaced by Russian nation-
alists.
There are certain fundamental goals of Rus-
sian policy which are much older than the
Communist regime. The present line of the
iron curtain in Europe, which means the domi-
nation of Eastern Europe from Moscow, has
been at least a dream of Russian policy for
a hundred years. All Russian governments
r have insisted on the domination of Poland,
and all have worked toward the domination of
the Danube Valley and of the Balkan penin-
sula.
The drive of the Russian empire into the
Middle East an dtoward the Indian Ocean was
not invented by the Communists. It reflects
a deep and lasting Russian hope and ambition.
The same can be said of the Russian ambition
to dominate the neighborhood of Eastern Si-
beria as against Japan and as against China.

EZRA Taft Benson may not have
the most efficient Agriculture
Department. in the world, but he
has operated one of the most ef-
ficient and effective lobbying ma-
chines seen recently on Capitol
Hill. It was thanks to this mach-
ine that he did as well as he did
with the veto on the farm bill.
Most efficient member of the
Benson team is Jack Anderson,
ex-Congressman from California,
a Republican who retired to op-
erate his 300-acre pear farm near
Sari Francisco,-but came back to
Washington this year to be Ben-
son's Capitol Hill lobbyist. He
found that farm incomes had
dropped.
Anderson was regularly station-
ed outside the door of the Senate
during the farm-bill debate, check-
ing votes, available to answer
questions. Inside the Senate, he
had two observers in the gallery
watching amendments and the
line-up of Senate votes; while in
the office of Senator AikenofiVer-
mont, manager of the farm bill,
were stationed two Agriculture De-
partment attorneys ready to an-
swer questions and rewrite amend-
ments.'
In general, Senators appreciate
this kind of contact with execu-
tive departments. It makes for
better liaison between Capitol Hill
and "down town."
*i * *
BOTH THE WHITE House and
confirming Senators would do well

to take a good look at the law
practice of Clarence Davis, Under-
secretary of the Interior, before,
if, and when he is appointed Sec-
retary of the Interior to replace
"Generous Doug" McKay.
Davis is senior partner in the
law firm of Davis, Healey, Davies,
and Wilson, listed at 1521 Sharpe
Building, Lincoln, Neb., where his
name is still on the door, and
where he still, according to his
partners, draws a retainer from
the law firm.
When Davis was active in the
law firm he was the partner who
handled the affairs of the Consum-
ers Public Power Co., a state agen-
cy created by the legislature to
handle Nebraska's public power.
Since then, the youngest member
of the firm, Richard D. Wilson, is
handling Consumers Public Pow-
er business with, it is reported, a
little long-distance coaching fr9m
Davis when it comes to big deci-
sions.
However, consumers public pow-
er has now received a contract
from the U.S. government to set
up one of the highly important
nuclear reactors, which might
cause some conflict-of-interest em-
barrassment.
Note-Davis played an import-
ant part in awarding the famous
Al Sarena mining claims to the
MacDonald family in the Rogue
River National Forest after Secre-
tary of the Interior Oscar Chap-
man, Democrat, had refused. Since

the award, several million board
feet of Douglas fir has been
chopped down, but not a ton of
ore has been mined. It was on
the plea that the mining claim
contained gold ore of commercial
quality that part of the Rogue
River National Forest was sold.
* * *
THE BROTHERS Dulles usually
function so well together person-
ally that most people forget there
are two Dulles brothers. John
Foster Dulles, the Secretary of
State, is continually in the head-
lines-magazine or otherwise; his
brother Allen is not.
Allen Dulles, head of Central
Intelligence, operates an agency
which tries to stay out of the
headlines, hasathe job of report-
ing to the State Department and
the Pentagon on the strength of
Russia and her satellites, plus the
danger of war any place in the
world.
Recently the Dulles brothers had
an unpublicized clash.
Allen wvent to see his brother
John with an assistant, and dur-
ing the course of their visit, told
older brother John that he thought
he was wrong in making speeches
that Russia is losing out in the
cold war.
John Foster looked displeased.
Foster looked flustered. Finally
he told his younger brother thai
his job was to evaluate and report
on intelligence, not advise the Sec-
retary of State on his speeches.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

A

I

.4

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS:
'Modern Composers'

Music Nervous,

Vital

By TAMMY MORRISON
Daily Staff Writer
HE PROBLEM of young com-
posers and their works has
plagued every age: their types and
modes of expression, their eco-
nomic status, reception by the pub-
lib, outside influences that act on
their music. Gilbert Ross, pro-
fessor of violin and chamber mus-
ic and first violinist of the Stanley
Quartet here discusses some of
the aspects of today's composing
and composers.
Q: What do you think of today's
young composers as a whole?
A: The young composer today
is a sincere artistic personality,
striving for the same mastery of
craft and degree of expressivity,
within the framework of his own
time, that serious young compos-
ers of all eras have sought. Crea-
tive talent is not the special treas-
ure of any epoch and our own
period is no better nor worse off
than other periods. But the de-
gree to which creative talent in
musical composition manifests it-
self is to some extent related to
environment, economic conditions,
social attitudes, and aesthetic as-
pirations of a given era.
Q: What particular type of mus-
ic, if any, are these composers

propulsive. It is likely to be1
rhythmically complex and transi-
tory in style. It is almost certain
to be compact in texture, tight and
intense in dissonance.
Finally, it will very possibly re-
veal a shortcoming which I be-
lieve characteristic of much music
from the pens of young composers,
namely, thematic material of a not
very original nor distinguished or-
der.
Q: Do you think that certain
musical ages had a partiality for
certain instruments?.... .. ....
A: Yes. The 18th century liked
strings, the concerto grosso, the
suite and the fugue. The 19th fav-
ored the keyboard, the voice, and
the full orchestra, and liked sym-
phonies, symphonic poems, concer-
tos, and the music drama. The
string quartet, which has chal-
lenged composers since the days
of Haydn, continues tohattract
them, and some of the'strongest
contemporary works are for this
particular combination (at wit-
ness the great string quartets of
Bartok). I believe, however, that
wind instruments, alone or in
combination, are getting a better
break today, and that the key-
board continues to interest the
composer. Musique Concrete, the
creation of sound by electronic

ing, and various sidelines having
nothing whatever to do with mus-
ic. It is remarkable that creative
output among young composers is
as high as it is, considering the
demands of keeping body and soul
together.
2) Getting music off the shelf
and into the concert hall! Music
does not exist in a vacuum. The
score gathering dust on the studio
shelf might just as well never have
been composed. My experience in-
dicates that resistance to 'modern'
music, which we must still face,
is based largely on long indoctrina-
tion in music of the past and on
irrational prejudice.
The trouble is that too many
people will not even make contact
with, contemporary expression, in
-music as in all the arts. If and
when they do, resistance evapor-
ates fast. Music, like all art,
flows on in an unending stream.
It will leave an imprint, good or
bad, on its own epoch in precise
ratio .to the degree in which it
reaches the people.
Q: Which would you say is more
prolific musically, Europe or the
United States?
A :The United States is current-
ly most most musically active na-
tion in the world and offers the
young musician more opportuni-
tis. musicalsekngn. than oe

on composing regardless of his
economic state, leaky ceiling, or
empty larder.
Q: Which audiences would you
say are more receptive to new mu-
sic, American or European?
A: European audiences have al-
ways been highly emotional and
demonstrative, both pro and con.
American listeners are generally
more reserved, but also more open-
eared and genuinely receptive, es-
pecially to the novel and unfamil-
iar.
Q: Of what serious significance
is the American jazz idiom?
A: Not much. The jazz influence
on serious music has more or less
come and gone. Very, few works
which have leaned heavily on the
jazz have survived. The presua-
siveness of the American popular
idiom on serious music is probably
less today than at any other time
in the past thirty-five years.
Q: How much influence do you
think classical music has had on
jazz, or vice-versa?
A: In my opinion classical musio
has had no appreciable influence
on jazz except possibly in the field
of orchestration. Jazz continues
to make its own rules and to defy
most of the tenets of good art
music.'
On the other hand, jazz influence
on so-called serious music-more
obviAoin musicof th etwntis

.4

i

4

PROF. GILBERT ROSS
.. Greatest musical problem?-
Economics.
maninoff did in the past), but by
and large composers today are
well-conversant with the mech-
anics, technics, and tonal proper-
ties of all common instruments and
are not, therefore, restricted in
choice.
I think that works for full or-
chestra continue to be the aspi-
ration of most young composers,
since the variety of sound that the

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