EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF TIHE UNIVERSITY OF MICIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
hen Opinions Are Free,
rrutb WtD PrevaWJ
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: JANET REARICK
Joint Judie Mis1understanding
May Be On Way Out
STUDENT MISUNDERSTANDING of Joint in The Daily. Combined with the facts of the
S Judic may be on its way to termination after case students will be able to clearly judge Joint
the decision Monday to make public results of Judic reasoning and decision. Publication will
Council deliberations on group cases. perhaps show students criticism of Joint Judi
Although The Daily has maintained continu- pehaswhowjstude
oulsy that the public deserves to be informed not wholly justified.
accurately on action as important as group It is hoped at the same time the new Judic-
violation of University regulations, the new Daily procedure will stimulate student interest
in University regulations and disciplinary ac-
procedure goes further than promotion of news Dti This hy recet been a aeat te
stories for Campus consumption. tivity. This has recently been an area off to the
Judic's complete secrecy of the past few years side, almost a hands-off proposition.
have only created rumors, misstatements and Assistant to the Dean of Men John Bingley
untruths conducive to degradation'jof the group is presently working witch a committee studying
involved in the violation. At the same time student .discipline. Student interest in the
rumors have contributed an aura of mystery Judiciary should be. as intense as it is in the
over Judic proceedings. No one knew what Legislative (SGC) area.
went on at Judic meetings; nobody knew why By clarifying for students its deliberations
or how the Council issued disciplinary action. this year's Judic is to be highly commended for
The resulting confusion has led to uninformed taking an important first step in stimulating
accusations of hyprocrisy and injustice at Judie 'student interest in the judiciary. What steps
members. The accusations were inevitable when might follow are uncertain. But the way is open
students' discipline was in the-hands of students for a much more objective collaboration be-
and, not subject to student body review. tween Judic and students in intensive examina-
tion of the University's present system of regu-
COUNCIL RATIONALE on group cases will be lations.
clearly delineated in a statement to appear -DAVE BAAD, Managing Editor
SPRING TRIPPED GAILY IN yesterday morn- have anything to do. But as the days get
ing, and will probably trip out again with lovelier, you find yourself becoming more and
haste. more unable to study. Before, it was too cold;
In honor of the vernal equinox, (Ah, The now it's too hot. In the morning, it's much too
llessings of Astronomy II!) the snow melted sunny and nice to go to classes; in the after-
dismally away leaving slush and mud behind to noon it's much too sunny and nice to study; in
trap the unwary stepper. the evening it's much too starry and nice to do
Every yearabout this time, somebody takes anything but pick up the little black book and
time and space to discourse on the beauties of head for the phone.
nature; copious printers' ink is expended on Sun.
blue skies, balmy breezes, boids on the wing The sun is marvelous. You just lie there in
and green grass. your bathing suit, soaking up all those infra-red
So it's high time somebody realized that rays that you missed all winter. And that night,
Spring also brings with it a few unpleasant you just lie there in bed,/ soaking up all that
situations. For instance: Noxzema you put on to relieve the slight tingl-
Mud. ing of all those glorious infra-red rays that
Mud is a peculiar mixture of earth and water you missed all winter.
that becomes particularly hazardous in Spring Colds..
because nobody's expecting it. You cut across a "Well, it's Spring," you say to yourself, fling-
lawn that you've been cutting across all winter ing open your coat and tossing your scarf away.
only to find that it has beome a treacherous Suddenly Kleenex stocks are skyrocketing and
moras of slime that ruins any polish on your /everyone is sniffling their merry way through
loafers and detains you just long enou'lh so i classes.>
that you're late for your eight o'clock. Finals.
Mid-semesters: Everybody knows what finals are. They come
Littleneed be said about this sort of un- In June, and are a pleasant change of pace,
leasantness. You've been loafing away the first because they break up the routine. And the
part of the semester playing bridge and trying way they improve the weather is amazing. Blue
to keep warm, when all of a sudden, you have skies suddenly become cerulean, songs of birds
to study. have never been sweeter and the Arb takes on
a deep, inviting green and still you can't study.
BEAUTIFUL WEATHER. Spring-bah, humbug!
Beautiful weather is wonderful, if you don't --TAMMY MORRISON
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Problems of Youth &Age
"Thanks For The Pat On The Back, I Think"
74 ^ PY M i I
RENAISSANCE TO CONTEMPORARY:
Oberlin Art Collection
In A4lumnti Hall
IN THE NORTH GALLERY of Alumni Memorial Hall the drawings
from the Oberlin Collection are being exhibited through April 1. The
selections range from the Renaissance to the contemporary masters.
Filippo Lippi is represented with his pen and bistre wash in 'Burial
of Christ." Excellent draughtsmanship, fine modeling by the placement
of light and shade and a symmetrical composition unified by undulating
drapery create a drawing with high emotional content.
Perhaps the greatest draughtsman the world has ever known is
represented in the work of Jean Ingres.
His contribution is the portrait of 'Madame Thiers," a work in
pencil. This is a likeness; not a psychological portraiture. By avoiding
the sitter's soul he was able to keep that psychlical distance and thus
exws" - wgsrfnt+t Ve asrca.
Politics in Montana FHA
By DREW PEARSON
EZRA TAFT BENSON may not
know it, but a conflict-of-inter-
est political blow-up is simmering
right under his nose. It involves
Carl 0. Hanson, State Director of
the Farmers' Home Administration
The Farmers' Home Administra-
tion is supposed to spend its entire
time on the difficult problem of
helping the small farmer. It is
supposed to go right into the f arm-
res' homes and aid with their eco-
nomic problems. Esp.cially, it is
supposed to help the small farmer
in time of drought. However, there
is conclusive evidence that instead
of helping small farmers, FHA
State Director Hanson has been
acting as a wool-buyer for the
Draper Company of Boston, also
helping direct the affairs of Radio-
TV station KOOK in Billings, and
charging up political long-distance
calls to the government.
He was also spending part of his
time and some government money
in an abortive effort to elect Wes-
ley D'Ewart to the Senate in viola-
tion of the Hatch Act. Government
officials are banned by the Hatch
Act from engaging in politics un-
,less they are of cabinet or little
* * *
THE ACTIVITIES of Mr. Carl
0. Hanson are highly important
not merely because of irregularity
in Benson's Agriculture Depart-
ment but because they throw light
on one reason why farmers are so
sore at the Secretary of Agricul-
They recognize that he has very
difficult crop-surplus problems,.
and they would be more sympa-
thetic with crop surpluses if it
were not for the manner in which
Benson's officials have spent their
time politicking and helping big
companies rather than small farm-
For instance, Secretary Benson
himself, on Oct. 9, 1954, personally
'and publicly demanded the defeat
of Sen. James Murray of Montana
and the election of GOP Congress-
man Wesley D'Ewart. Immediately
Benson's boys in the Agriculture
Department took the cue and went
into high gear - not for the farm-
er and his difficult problems, but
for candidate D'Ewart.
This was during the tragic
draught of 1954.
HANSON was employing persons
whose services he used for unbffi-
cial and political purposes, includ-
ing his personal and private busi-
Mrs. Katherine Carter,' Hanson's
private secretary, reported that on
some days she "wrote as many as
fourteen letters not pertaining to
FHA official business."
The personal letters she wrote
for him on office time included
letters "to Mr. Malcolm Green,
President, Draper Company, Bos-
ton, as well as letters to Charles
Crist, his radio business partner;
and typing wool contracts on FHA
On one occasion after Hanson
had placed about 15 long-distance
calls to various persons with whom
he discussed his wool-buying busi-
ness, Mrs. Carter asked him how
he could get away with private
business while in government serv-
HANSON REPLIED that his su-
periors in Washington knew about
his private business and condoned
it, and that his wool-buying netted
him three times as much as his
Another man Hanson used to
call long distance was Martin
Littleton, ex-attorney for Frankie
Costello, king of the gambling un-
derworld. Littleton was then a
radio-TV speaker,, for candidate
What makes the farmers' blood
boil is that the State directors of
the Farpners' Home Administration
under Charley Brannan, all career
civil service men, were ousted by
Benson. They had kept out of
politics, concentrated on the prob-
lem of helping farmers.
Benson, however, removed their
civil service standing which'made
them open to firing. The Supreme
Court, later, ruled that this tech-
nique was illegal and Benson had
to hire these men back.
In addition, Secretary Benson
had to pay $100,000 out of tax-
payers' money to make up the back
salaries of FHA state directors
whom he fired. Meanwhile, he has
been paying out government mon-
ey to his own politically minded
state directors like Carl O. Hanson
who seems more interested in con-
tinuing his own wool-buying and
violating the Hatch Act' than in
helping small farmers.
Israeli Solution .,.
To the Editor:
R E: Israel's request for arms
from the U. S.
The following exchange is re-
puted to have recently taken place
in the Israel Knesseth (parlia-
Delegate: "I propose that Israel
declare war on the United
States. Then U. S. Marines
will invade us, defeat us, oc-
cupy our country, and would
then stand in the way of any
other invading army."
Opposition delegate: "Yes, but
suppose we beat them! ..."
--Steve Goodman, '56L
Dick Kohn, '57L
assert his mastery over the sitter.
This decisiveness is evident in
delicate rendering of the eyes and
mouth coupled with the plasticity
of the facial contour with its
pushes and pulls which manifest
Jean Horiore Fragonard's "View
of a Park" is charming and that is
precisely what is wrong with it. An
unreal, Cytherean atmosphere is
effected. This is a world unknown
to contemporary man; a milieu of
studied elegance, manners and
aristocratic protocol. Perhaps this
is why to our tastes, this drawing
has so little to say although being
of great interest from the histori-
cal point of view.
* . *
FROM THE DUTCH school of
the 17th century there is "Land-
scape" by Nicholaes Berchem. With
this drawing we have a vibrancy
of line which suggests internal
growth and joie de vivre. The ar-
tist has a feeling for the "tree-
ness" of trees which shows that
nothing outside of the human form
is more animate than a tree. An
abstract idea is embodied in genre
It.may be observed that paint-
ing is painting and the form does
not necessarily dictate the mean-
ing. Art is primarily a thought
process-the forms may change as
do fashions but the essence re-
mains the same.
The artistic problem is not of
finding something new to say but
rather of restating mans' emo-
tions, thoughts and hopes in terms
that are commensurate with the
Zeitgeist so as to have the ulti-
mate in reception by his audience.
* * *1
EDGAR DEGAS' "Group of
Dancers" is a charcoal study with
an interesting composition of
forms worked into a schematic
pattern. The foreground figure is
boldly drawn yet having a deli-
cate gesture. Degas indicates full-
ness by shading and gradations in
Wire lines similar to Picasso's
are featured in Henri Matisse's
"Woman with Anemones." Matisse,
the great simplifier, uses his eco-
nomical lines ,to suggest a figure
in sympathetic repose, neither
stagey nor posed.
'An interest in nature and the
growth process is manifested in
Paul Klee's child-art inspired
"Flower Gardens in Taora."
On viewing Henry Moore's "Min
ers" one gets a'definite feeling that
these forms are like some hungry
Gullivers seeking to burst from
their confinement within the for-
mat of the drawing. Both the
subject and the handling of the
medium suggest a disturbing ten-
A subjective arrangement of' the
facial features is noted in the two
"Self-Portraits" by Oskar Koko-
schka and Kathe Kollwitz. Note
particularly the brute-like hands
of the Kollwitz which yet have a
Mary Cassatt's "Head of a
Child" is sweet; says nothing but
for some reason is appealing.
2 -Thomas F. Bernaky
THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to 'Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in by
2 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 1956
VOL. LXVII, NO. 32
President and Mrs. Hatcher will hold
open house for students at their home
wed., March 21, from 4:00 to 8:00 p.m.
Regents' Meeting: Fri., April 20, Com-
munications for consideration at this
meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than Thurs., April 12.
Board in Review (Student Government
Council). In action taken March 19 the
Board In Review withdrew its stay-of-
action with respect to the motion on
sorority rushing adopted by the Student
Government Council in its meeting held
March 14, 1956. This action is taken in
view of the assurances that Student
Government Council and the Offiae of
the Dean of Wom n will be closely
attentive to the effets of this change of
policy (from fall to spring rushing).
Recognizing that the Student Govern-
ment Council action was within the
jurisdiction of the Council, the Board
in Review desires to draw to the atten-
tion of Student Government Council
the fact that actions of this nature
have wide ramiifications. It is the opin-
Ion of the Board in Review that in
future functions of this kind the
Student Government Council should be
more careful to seek the assistance of
qualified persons who have an interest
in the matter concerning which action
Military Science Lecture: Guest
speaker, Prof. Dwight L. Dumond, "The
Civil war." wed., March 21, 7:30 p.m.,
Aud, C, Angell Hall. Public invited.
Band Concert, 8:30 tonight, Hill Audi-
torium. University Symphony Band,
with George Cavender, Assistant Con.
ductor, and Fred Dart, euphonium solo-
ist; compositions by Rossini, Bach,
Guillmant, Charpentier, Franck, Reed,
Mueller, Gould, Rachmannoff and Al.
'ford. Open to the general public with.
School of Business Administration:
Faculty meeting on wed., March 21, 3:00
p.m., in Room 146.
Architecture and Design students may
not drop courses without record after
5:00 p.m. Fri., March 23. Architecture
and Design students who have incoi-
pletes incurred during the fall semester,
must remove them by Fri., March 23.
Botanical Seminar. Herman F. Becker,
Department of Botany, will speak on
"An Oligocene Flora from, the Ruby
River Basin in Southwestern Montana"
4:15 p.m., Wed., March 21, 1139 Natural
Science. Refreshments at 4:00.
Interdepartmental Seminar on Applied
Meteorology, Thurs., March 22, 4 p.m.,
Room 4041 Natural Science Bldg. Dr.
William R. Dawson will speak on "Cli.
matic Adaptation in Desert Animals."
Organic Chemistry Seminar, Thurs.,
March 22,7:30 p.m., Room 1300 Chemis-
try Building. G. Hein will speak on
"Benzyne Intermediates in Nucleophilic
Physical- Analytical- Inorganic Chem.
istry Seminar. 7:30 p.m., Room 3005
Chemistry Building. C. Cluff will speak
on "Review of the Current Status of
the Faraday and Kerr Effects."
Foreign Language Group. Prof. Ernst
Pulgram, Department of Romance Lan-
guages and Literatures and of Classical
Studies will speak on "The Origin of
Standard Literary Languages," and Prof.
Marvin Felheim, Department of English
Language and Literature, will speak on
"Teaching Literature Abroad," Thurs.,
March 22, 8:00 p.m., West Conference
Room, Rackham Building. Refresh.
Union Leadership Training Course:
Wed., March 21. Led by Allan Menlo,
7:30 p.m., Room 3M and N of the Union.
Free Films. Museums Bldg., 4th floor
Exhibit Hall. "Life Cycle of a Muscovy
Duck" and "Marine Life," March20-26.
Daily at 3:00 and 4:00 p.m., including
Sat. and Sun., with an extra showing
Wed. at 12:30.
Meeting of the Summer Placement
Service in Room 3G, Michigan Union,
his use of line. One may note the
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
FOREIGN diplomats frequently accuse the
United States of messing things up by taking
steps on matters of interest to them without
first advising them of what's coming.
It has its effect on the success of America's
It might not have done any good in this
case. Prime Minister Nehru of India seems to
take a certain pride in not doing what anyone
from the Wstern powers wants. But in this
case his own country's interests are importantly
Just when the Washington administration
was beginning its explanations to Congres4 of
why it wants moremoney and more latitude in
making commitments for foreign aid, Nehru
lets off a blast at American policies.
Foreign Aid Director John Hollister told
Congress the new program 'included aid for
India's new five-year plan, adding that it was
important to help "a great nation devoted to
freedom make the economic advances essential
to its welfare."
Nehru said almost simultaneously that the
recent SEATO expression of hope for U.N.
Dave Baad..................... Managing Editor
Jim Dygert ....................... .. City Editor
Murry Frymer........... ......... Editorial Director
Debra Durchslag ..,................ Magazine Editor
David Kaplan ....................."... Feature Editor
Jane Howard ........................ Associate Editor
Louise yor .......................Associate Editor.
Phil Douglis .....*.*....sports Editor
Alan Eisenberg ............... Associate Sports Editor
Jack Horwitz ............... Associate Sports Editor
Mary Hellthaler .............. Women's Editor
Elaine Edm nds . ....Assoiate women's Editor
John Hirtzel . ............... Ch2ief Photngrapher
DIcE Aistrom............. Business Manager
plebiscite in Kashmir meant the intervention of
a military alliance in the dispute. He' also
criticized formation, with American support, of
the Middle East Baghdad pact.
The Nehru statements are bound to rekindle
one of the chief arguments made against the
foreign aid program-that friendship cannot
be bought, and that there is)ino guarantee of
either political or economic returns.
His statement also came at the same time
as the announcement that he would come to
Washington in July, when President Eisenhower
would attempt to lay some of India's fears
about American policy.
Thus an already touch situation is made to
look even more unfriendly.
One thing is sure. The United States is deal-
ing these days with countries like India, which
have the touchy pride of youth, and countries
like France, extremely careful of the dignities
acquired by age. Greater consideration for
them, even to the point of being extreme,
might pay some profits.
New Books at the Library
West, Jessamyn-Love, Death and the Ladies'
Drill Team; N.Y., Harcourt & Brace, 1955.
Wernette, Philip-The Future of American
Prosperity; New York, Macmillan Co., 1955.
Wilkins, Vaughn-Valley Beyond Time; New
York, Martin's Press, 1955.
Adenauer, Konrad-World ' Indivisible; New
York, Harper's, 1955.
Bloch-Michel, Jean-The Flight into Egypt;
New York, Charles Scribner's, 1955.
Asquith, Cynthia-Portrait of Barrie; N. Y.,
E. P. Dutton, 1955.
Bestor, Arthur-The Restoration of Learn-
ing; N. Y., A. Knopf, 1955.
Collis, Maurice-Cortes and Montezuma; N.
Y., Harcourt & Brace, 1955.
Costain, Thomas B.-The Tontine; Vol. 1 &
2. N. Y. Doubleday, 1955.
Daninos, Pierre-The Notebooks of Major
Thompson; N. Y., A. Knopf, 1955.
Farmer, Paul-Vichy, Political Dilemma; N.
FOR ANY COURSE, ANY TOPIC:
Toronto U Editors Find 'Standard Essay'
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Are essay's getting you down? The University of Toronto
'Varsity' has solved the problem for Toronto students and we pass along their
boon to students here. It's a standard essay for any topic in any subject. Just
clip, make separate copies, then write the course, topic and professor neatly at
the top of each. Our thanks go out profusely to the University of Toronto
THE PROBLEM to be considered is a rather complex one, but as it
occupies an important place in the development of the subject, it is
deserving of careful attention. However, care must be taken in the
presentation of this matter to avoid the extremes of considering the
problem either the basic one in the entire subject, or of merely minor
importance whatsoever. A middle way is the only logical one that can be
taken in this field, and the' writings of some of the previous writers on
this subject must be therefore considered sceptically, and referred to
only in moderation.
The core of the problem now facing us lies in the relationships
existing between the various inter-related terms described in the ques-
tion. At first glance, the task of accurately measuring, defining and
qualitatively analyzing these terms seem an extraordinarily difficult
one, but if we understand the full implications that are to be met with
in the relating of one subject or idea to another, our difficulties will be
lessened considerably thereby. The theory of relativity, as developed to
its fullest extent by Einstein, does not have its sole application to the
field of physics, but is something which can be applied to this subjeGt,
also. and narticularly to the tonic now before us .For instance. it is not
in our field. However, if the way in which inter-related variable factors
fit together is fully understood and particularly if a full comprehension
of the extent - qualitatively speaking - of these inter-relationships, we
have at once achieved half of our goal."
(Caution: If there actually was a writed by the name of Schlum-
slinger in your subject, be sure to insert a new name to replace
But even though we may consider Schlumslinger to be vehement
on this subject, his feelings are as nothing to those of Wallacerski, a later
writer on the subject.,
"Inter-relationships are all important," states Wallacerski emphati-
cally. Indeed, he carries on this conception throughout his work, and
this one-sidedness is no doubt one of the main reasons why his works
have passed from general favour. However, there is much of value in
what he had to say, if we allow for the undue emphasis which he placed
on this one section of the subject, and it is unfortunate that he is not
more widely read nowadays. Another possible reason for his eclipse is
the fact that few authorities on the subject can read Aramaic, in which
all of his works are written.
WHILE THE VIEW of inter-relationships is important in this field,
we must not overlook the broad conception of the field, the sweeping
view that is in reality possessed only by those few masters in the field.
T+ T 7 Ar hof.i-i +nrmr% a 7rr+ -n +1- - - -1 _.,, - ~ n+ A