mU. AE.1 VAC.EU.R AV. AlU~UM V
FRIDAY, MARCH 2,1956
_ ll' v1IWT(1iNtIl R1H1'L-
Pius XII Celebrates 80th Birthday
T aELUE Efl R
became apparent that the war was
going to continue to the finish of
one side or the other.
Archbishop Pacelli remained as
nuncio to Bavaria through the rest
of the war and was deeply moved
by the suffering it inflicted upon
Accredited as Envoy
He continued diplomatic work
and was accredited as envoy to
the new German republic in 1920.
When he was named Secretary of
State in 1930, there began a close
association with Pius XI which
lasted until the latter's death in
In March of 1939, in the colorful,
ages-old ceremonies, Eugenio Pa-
celli was crowned Pope Pius XII,
the first native Roman to be elect-
ed Pope since 1721.
But war, prevailed during his
reign, which began almost on the
eve of World War II. After that
conflict came the "cold war" of
ideologies between the East and
the West, then the "hot war" in!
Korea and, meanwhile, for the
Catholic Church itself, a bitter ex-
panding struggle with communism.
In 1949 for the fourth time he
used excommunication - denying
the sacraments and comforts of
the church-to fight back at the
Then in 1953 the Vatican's Sac-
red Consistorial Congregation, one
of the 12 that administer affairs
of the church, excommunicated
all persons who participated in the
suspension of Stefan Cardinal Wy-
szyski, Catholic Primate of Poland,
from his ecclesiastical duties.
In the sumnier of 1952 the Pope
urged the Russians in an apostolic
letter to turn their backs on the
promotors of atheistic communism
and return to the Christian faith.
Throughout his reign and es-
pecially in its final years, Pope
Pius again and again sught by
written and spoken word to dis-
associate the Catholic Church from
particular interest with any bloc
of nations or single country. The
church, he said, was supranational
and not to be politically tied with
any nation or group of nations.
Speaks Against Communism
For a long time, in numerous
speeches and exhortations against
communism, the Pope refrained
from calling it by name. But on
Sept. 4, 1949, in a radio address
to German Catholics, he referred
to "atheistic communism" and said
his power of excommunication was
being used to save the world from
One of the most remarkable
characteristics of this 262d suc-
cessor to St. Peter, the Prince of
Apostles, is that Pius XII h a s
been, above all else to the world,
accessible and known to all the
peoples of the earth.
Pope Pius met more people than
any other Pontiff in the long his-
tory of the Roman Catholic
He met millions-rulers and
masses-in private and special
audiences and in the greatest
general audiences ever held by a
Pontiff. He has met the gaze and
clasped the -hands of men and
women of all countries, classes, and
creeds more than any other Pope.
From the U. S. alone as many as
20,000 have had audiences with
him in one year.
Sometimes called the "modern
Pope," Pius XII was the first Pon-
tiff to use an electric razor and
the first to write his speeches on a
As Papal Secretary of State he
was the first future Pope to fly in
a plane. He also was the first
future Pope to visit* the United
A tradition almost a century
old was broken with his corna-
tion. He was the first Pope since
1846 to be crowned outside St.
WUE RT H
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Screen Play by RICHARD MURPHY .Based on the New Yorker magazine article "The Gentle Wolfhound" byE J. KaI, kJ
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3A HENRIK IBSEN
I AA ~ I LII '
Seldom has the
human comedy been
so uniquely and
so warmly and wittily
translated onto the screen
than this story of a most
charming gentleman -who
winked at life and found it
smiling right back -at him!
WARNE COLOR '
Too Hungry for Love....
to Be Afraid!
I- ! titEEELlii UIEAU F Mi 7 "" hbv* o- TA"Z '"I
1 N U 1 H1i.i11141,11f It