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May 25, 1955 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1955-05-25

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WEDNESDAY. Y 25.19: 3


"T-..".b.7.L"urJYiaa 1 1(>1 NV ,l NalU

F14P Mr ian Batn
Sixty-Fifth Year
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.
Supreme Court Decision
Reflects Diminished Red Scare
THOSE WHO would play loosely with our Congressional witnesses from the witch hnt-
Constitutional guarantees received a sharp ers intimidation tactics. Monday's decision is
slap in the facefrom the Supreme Court Mon- another encouraging step away from the dis-
day. In a majority opinion delivered by Chief appointing days of McCarthyism.
Justice Earl Warren, the Court threw out con-
tempt of Congress citations of three men who THE POLITICAL climate seems to have chan-
refused to answer questions put to them by ged in the last year although how much
Congressional Red-hunters. it has changed is another question. H. Chandler
The high court ruled the three men, Julius Davis, former University faculty member who
Emspak, Thomas Quinn, and Philip Bart, had may receive a contempt citation, fell back on
validly invoked the constitutional guarantees the First Amendment (guaranteeing free
vgaidstly-inriinvdthonstttinauarntsspeech) when he refused to testify. Emspak
against self-incrimination at their hearings, based his case primarily on the First Amend-
All, the court said, had rightly and validly used bentsas but matilsedthe FitA e-
the Fifth Amendment as basis for refusing to ment also but still used the Fifth as a supple-
testify. The Fifth Amendment to the Consti- mentary defense. However the changing pol-
testfy.The ift Amndmet t theConti- tical climate may give Davis a chance. Atti-
tution provides that in any criminal case an tudeslmayehaveDano hanow.sott
accused person shall not be required to give tudes may have changed enough now so that
testimony that may tend to incriminate him. the Davis case and others will be dropped now
as unfortunate results of a scared America
Monday's Supreme Court action is hearten- during the early 1950"
ing. One can't help but flash back to May 13, --Dave Baad
1954 and reflect on activities in Lansing that
day. Three University faculty members and two T n i
students went before Rep. Kit Clardy's Housei
sub-committee on Un-American activities. All Of the News
five witnesses refused to answer questions per-
taining -to alleged Communist affiliations
THOUGH WE were beginning to doubt it
could ever happen again, Senator Joseph
BEING APPARENTLY uninformed in the R. McCarthy (he's from Wisconsin) has made
latest fashions of Constitutional interpre- the front page again.
tation we saw nothing improper in their si-
lence. However Mr. Clardy looked at things dif- No longer is his personal fight for national
ferently. In a1 effort to intimidate the wit- security and Americanism the reason for this
nesses he continually threatened contempt of latest appearance. Senator McCarthy has en-
Congress citations. The longer his inquiry was tered the ranks of the news commentators with
frustrated the more he threatened. He clearly his revelation of the behind-the-scenes fact
indicated by his comments he thought the that Milton Eisenhower is "the unofficial Pre-
Fifth Amendment was conceived to protect the sident of the United States."
guilty rather than shelter the innocent.-IFe said
after the hearings he would have three of the He goes on revealing, throwing in an opin-
witnesses cited for contempt of Congress. ion now and then, and deciding that a vote
for Preident Dwight D. Eisenhower is the
At the time we seriously questioned how "lesser of two evils." To demonstrate his own
Congress could possibly deal punishment to a magnaminity, he insists his offer to join an
citizen acting on his constitutional rights. It. invasion expedition to free Americans held by
tried to deal such punishment to Emspak, the Chinese Communists is serious.
Quinn and Bart. Emspak and Quinn were to be
fined $500 and put in prison for six months ALL THESE REMARKS put together provide
and Bart's imprisonment was three months an obvious reason why Senator McCarthy
with a $500 fine. can still make the front page once in a while
However its attempt to require evidene, and Most newspapers try to print some light ma-
thereby move into the realm of a law enforcing terial along with the serious, and Senator Mc-
agency, was frustrated by a Court that still Carthy has become delightfully entertaining.
recognizes Constitutional rights. The decision That the Senator's stage ability seems to
means there are no new fashions in constitu- have become his chief, maybe only, claim to
tional interpretation. Self-incrimination before publicity is indeed a compliment to American
Congressional committees is still a voluntary intelligence.
Some of us who predicted that the Senator
Sen McCarthy has been censured and Rep, was just a passing fancy are laughing twice as
Clardy is no longer representing central Michi hard as the rest. But we are still looking for-
gan in Washington. People don't seem to be ward to the day when everything he stood for
throwing 'pinko','red' etc. around so much any- also becomes a laughing matter.
more. Now the Supreme Court has protected -Jim Dygert
Soviet Aims To Divide West

"Well, Circumstances Alter Cases"


w 1

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(Continued from Page 2)

019ss .j WM --2 ?< r


TO UNDERSTAND the whole in-
volved, mixed-up story of the
Salk vaccine you have to- go back
about a year when Dr. Salk first
gave his "field" tests to about a
quarter of a million children
Before-that he had given the
vaccine to his own children andj
shortly after the field tests he be-
came so confident of its success
that he approached various drug
companies asking them to begin
preparing for large-scale manu-
He knew that to extract and
treat monkey kidneys in such a
way that no live virus remained in
the serum would be complicated
when done by newcomers and done
on a large scale. He also knew
there would be a tremendous de-
mand for the vaccine once its re-
sults were announced.
M *
tioned some of the top drug com-
panies of the nation,
Most, however, turned him
down. They weren't ready to invest
any money in advance, wanted to
be sure they had a hard-and-fast
Only exception was Parke, Dav-
is in Detroit, which did3 make a
sizable investment and which, as a
result, was the first company to
have its vaccine completely cleared
by the Public Health Service.
After Dr. Salk had knocked his
head against the stone wall of
pharmaceutical inaction, Basil O'-
Connor, head of the Infantile
Paralysis Foundation, made a dar-
ing move. He had faith in the vac-
cine, even before the final evalua-
tion was announced. He also knew
there would be a terrific demand
for the vaccine once the final re-
sults were annnounced. So he in-
vested $9,000,000 of the Founda-

tion's funds in advance orders with
the drug companies. He even bor-
rowed the money to do this
*$ * *
IT WAS ONLY after the drug
companies got this $9,000,000 order
that they began to develop the new
However, out of the first amount
they produced they reported 500,-
000 cc's did not go to the Polio
Foundation which had borrowed
the money to make possible the
manufacture, but was shipped to
the drug companies' regular com-
mercial distributors.
That was how Cutter Laborator-
atories' vaccine happened to be
found a few days after the release
on April 12 all the way from Mex-
ico to Arlington, Va.
That was also how, out of the

first fatalities resulting from the
inoculations, five were the children
of doctors. Doctors got the vaccine
first and used it on their own chil-
dren. Unfortunately some of it was
Cutter vaccine which has now been
* * *
NOTE--The Cutter Laboratories
had had one criminal conviction in
1949 as a result of a Food and
Drug Administration complaint
that they failed to sterilize cer-
tain water solutions.
Senate investigators have learn-
ed that stock-market speculators
got an advance tip on the Salk
vaccine and invested heavily in the
six drug companies. These com-
panies are expected to make $20,-
000,000 profit this year alone.
(Copyright 1955, by the Bell Syndicate)

D. Preston, Tech. Mgr., The Chem.
Corp. immediately as openings will be
filled by the first of June.
Paramount Engineering Co., Detroit,
Mich., has openings for draftsmen who
are undergrads. They also offer regu-
lar employment for graduates. Rate:
$2.40-$2.50 per hour.
American Motors-Hudson Div., De-
troit, Mich. requests applications from
students with airframe analysis back-
ground. Employment will be considered
depending on each individuals back-
ground. Contact Mr. W. Cunningham,
(Detroit, WA 1-4720. Ext. 382).
For additional Information concern-
ing the above positions call West Eng.
Bldg. (NO 3-1511, Ext. 2182).
Ball Office Supply Inc. Ann Arbor
wants a part-time student for summer
work with car to work in the store-
putting up orders, waiting on trade,
etc. Contact store manager at 213 E.
Washington St., A. A.
General Motors Corp., Saginaw Steer-
ing Gear Division, requests that male
students interested in summer em-
ployment in Saginaw with their Co. ap-
ply in person at their Employment Of-
fice, Plant 3, 3900 Holland Road, Sagi-
naw, Mich. The Employment Office is
open 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Mon. thru
Camp Copneconic, Flint, Mich. will
interview male candidates for counsel-
ing positions and women for nursing
positions in Room 3G of the Michigan
Union on May 25 from 12:00 noon-
3:00 p.m.
Field Interprises, represented by Mr.
Robert Gibson, will interview male and
female candidates for summer sales em-
ployment in Michigan on May 25 in
Room 3B of the Michigan Union from
1:00-4:45 p.m.
Gibson Company, Mich. will inter-
view candidates for Field Representa-
tives for sales of home freezers in Jack-
son, Lansing, Kalamazoo, 1Muskegon,
Ionia and Battle Creek. Mr. Aiderson
will interview candidates in Room 30
of the Mich. Union from 1:00-4:45 p.m.
on May 25.
Russell Kelly Office Service, Detroit,
Mich. will interview women candidates
for office work in the Detroit Area on
May 25 in Room 3G of the Michigan
Union from 1:00-4:45 p.m.
Kingsbury School's Summer Day
Camp, Oxford, Mich. (appro. 10 miles
from Pontiac) wants a man or woman
to teach swimming at their day camp
from July 25 to Aug. 26. Children are
in the 3-12 age group. Candidate must
have life-saving certificate. Salary:
$250 to $350, depending on qualifica-
tions, but does not Include room or
board. Call Bureau of Appointments,
NO 3-1511, Ext. 2614 if interested.
Camp Takona, Clear Lake, Mich. (30
miles from A.A.) requests applications
from candidates to fill a vacancy on
their staff for a girls nature & trips
counselor. Season is for 8 weeks, Can-
didates must be over 18. Call Mrs. Heap
at NO 22581 If interested.
Approximately 30 New Camps Have
Sent in Requests for Candidates. These
openings range from counseling to of-
fice help, and from maintenance work-
ers to cooks, nurses, etc. Some of these
openings offer top wages. They can be
seen at the Summer Placement meet-
ing on May 25 in Room 3G of the
Mich. Union anytime from 1:00-4:45 p.m.
The following representatives will not
be at the Bureau of Appointments for
interviews but have the following vac-
Auburn, California-(Placer Union
High School and SierraECollege)-
Teacher Needs: H. S. Home Economics;
H. S. Math & General Science (Assist-
ant Football coach); H. S. Math &
Drawing-Jr. College Auto Mechanics;
Jr. College Assistant Football Coach-
Jr. College & H. S. Physical Education;
Occupational Therapist; R e m e d i a
Reading (High School); Jr. College Eng-
Modesto, California-(Modesto City
Schools)-Teacher Needs: Early and
Later Elementary.
Elgin, Illinois-Teacher Needs: Early
and Later Elementary; Jr. High Algebra;
Social Science-English combination;
Arithmetic (7-8 Grade); Foods; Boys'
Physical Education; Girls' Physical Edu-
cation; Senior High U. S. History;
Teacher for Physically Handicapped;
Assistant Art Consultant (Elementary);
Assistant Physical Education Consult-
ant (Elementary).
Charles City, Iowa-Teacher Needs:
Vocational Agriculture; Reading-7th
and 8th Grades; Speech Correctionist;
School Nurse; First Grade.
Albion, Michigan-Jr. -High Mathe-
matics! Jr. High General Science; Vo-
cal Music (Elementary & Jr. Iigh);
Early and Later Elementary.
Alpena, Michigan-Community Col-
lege History Art (Elementary); H. S.

Clothing; Industrial Arts; English (dra-.
matics or Speech would be helpful);
History-Political Science or Sociology
or Economics (in the community col-
Coleman, Michigan-Teacher Needs:
English-Spanish-Girl's Physical Educa-
tion (Jr. High; 6th & 7th Combination;
2nd Grade.
'13 c ..t t'W. TiL p .' I

Elsie, Michigan-Teacher Needs: Band
(vocal) Music; Shop-Math or Speech
or Social Studies (Grades 7-12); Eng-
lish-Debate, probably Speech.
Engadine, Michgan-(Garfield Town-
ship Schools)-Teacher Needs: Physical
Education (Basketball Coaching)-Com-
mercial (typing) English or Social
Studies; English or Social Studies-Phy-
sical Education (Basketball) Commer-
cial-typing or other; Commercial (in-
cluding typing)-English or Social
Science or other; One teacher with any
of the above qualifications.
Charlevoix, Michigan-Teacher Needs:
7th Grade-Assistant coach of Football;
English-Speech (H. S.); Early Ele-
Hazel Park, Michigan-Teacher Needs:
Kindergarten and Early Elementary;
Later Elementary; H. S. English; H. S.
French-English; H. S. Typing; Swim-
ming Coach; Track Coach.
Hermansville, Michigan - Teacher
Needs: Industrial Arts-Physics or Chem-
istry or Mathematics.
Hopkins, Michigan-(Hopkins Town-
ship Schools)-Teacher Needs: Kinder-
garten; Sixth Grade; Elementary Music-
Art; Girls Physical Education-Jr. High
English; Coach Football and Track.'
Kalamazoo, Michigan - (Mattawan
Consolidated Schools)--Teacher Needs:
Early and Later Elementary; Science-
Mathematics or Social Studies or Eng-
lish (Jr. High); English-H. S.
Midland, Michigasn-Teacher Needs
Business Education (Typing, Business
Arithmetic, Bookkeeping-does not need
Shorthand); Industrial Arts; Biology;
English (Sophomore and Jr. High
Milford, Michigan - Teacher Needs:
Commercial (man) help with football
coaching; Commercial (woman) with
Muskegon Heights, Mchigan-Teach-
er Needs: English (H.S.).
New Haven, Michigan-Teacher Needs:
Early and Later Elementary.
Oak Park, Michigan-Teacher Needs:
Elementary Girls' Physical Education;
H. S. English; First Grade.
High Point, N. C.-Teacher Needsl
Fort Schuyler, New York, N. Y. (MarI-
time College)-Teacher Needs: EngI-
Peersburg, Ohio-Teacher Needs: Fifth
Grade; Fourth Grade; H. S. Core Teach-
er. (2 teachers) one of the positions
will call for basketball Coaching. A
strong social studies and coaching com-
bination will satisfy.
Sandusky, Ohio (Erie County Publli
Schools)-Teacher Needs: Home Eco-
nomics; Jr. & Sr. High English-Span-
ish; Grade 7 Social Studies-English; H.
S. Commercial; H. S. English; Grade 5;
Grade 3; Grade 1; Vocal Music (Ele-
mentary & H. S.).
Tiffin, Ohio (Seneca County Schools)
-Teacher Needs: Early and Later Ele-
mentary Home Economics; English-Lat-
in; English-Public Speaking; Vocational
Agriculture; Coach; Physical Education-
Industrial Arts; Physical Education.
Science Schools do not play football);
Commercial (shorthand, typing, book-
keeping, business law and business
KiamathFalls, Oregon - Teacher
Needs: Early and Later Elementary;
Commercial (typing, bookkeeping, bus.
iness law, consumer economics-these
fields to be divided between two in-
structors); Dean of Girls and counsel-
ing; Girls Physical Education (general
physical education, health and swim-
Lakeview, Oregon (School District No,
7)-Teacher Needs: H. S. Commercial
(all stibjects; H.S. & Upper Grade
Girls' Physical Education; 7-8 Grade
Science with coaching (man); 1st
Medford, Oregon (School District No.
49)-Teacher Needs: Commercial (H.S.),
Seaside, Oregon (School Dist. No. 100)
-Teacher Needs: First Grade; Combi-
nation 6 & 7-Boys' Physical Education
and Coaching; English; English-Com-
mercial; Commercial.
Pe Ell, Washington-(District No. 301,
Lewis County)-Teacher Needs: Eng-
lish-Spanish (H. S.) Woman.
Yakima, Washing con-Teacher Needs:
Speech Therapist; School Psychologist;
Teacher, Hard of Hearing & Deaf.
Milwaukee, Wisconsin-Teacher Needs:
Fifth; Sixth; Seventh; Eighth; Physical
Education (Woman).
Racine, Wisconsin-Teacher Needs:
Speech Therapy; Consultant in Lang-
uage Arts: Special Education; Test
Specialist; Early and Later Elementary;
H. S. Social Studies-Basketball Coach-
ing (man); Commercial (typewriting,
shorthand, bookkeeping, and the usual
courses in the commercial department);
Homemaking; Jr. High Core; Mathe-
matics; Librarian.
Sheboygan, Wisconsin-Teacher Needs:
Language Arts (English); Latin; Ger-
man; Early and Later Eementary; Phy-
sically Handicapped; Industrial Arts-
Printing; Home Economics; Assistant
Recreational Director; Curriculum Co-

For additional information contact
the Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Ad-
ministration Building, NO 3-1511, Ext.
Will-O-Way Playhouse Apprentice
Theater, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan will
interview on May 26 in Room 3N of
the Michigan Union from 2:00 P.M. to
5:00 P.M. Mrs. Turner wishes to enroll
(Continued on Page 6)






Speech Playbil Proves
Good for Funny-Bone

" .

AP Foreign Correspondent
THIS WILL BE a summer of intense diplo-
matic activity at high levels.. While this
may have a tendency in the West to deflect at-
tention from what is going on elsewhere, the
Russians will be exploring every possibility,
however remote, for dividing the Western camp.
A number of recent developments testify to
this. One is the attitude of the Russians in
Berlin on the Western appeal for Moscow's in-
tervention on the road tax issue. Another is a
new pronouncement by Maurice Thorez, secre-
tary general of the French Communist party,
which lays down the line freqtiently for Eu-
ropean Communists.
In Berlin, the West, asked the Russians to
step in and prevent "blackmail" taxes on vital
truck traffic to and from West Berlin, an iso-
lated island in the Soviet zone of Germany.
Soviet Ambassador Georgi Pushkin shrugged
off the plea. He told his Western counterparts
the exhorbitant taxes imposed by the Com-
munists seven weeks ago? were solely the res-
The Daily Staff
Editorial Staff
Eugene Hartwig....................Managing Editor
Dorothy Myers.... ...................City Editor
Jon Sobeloff.:........................ Editorial Director
Pat Roeofs......................Associate City Editor
Becky Conrad.. ................. .Associate Editor
Nan Swinehart.........................Associate Editor
Dave Livingston......................... Sports Editor
Hanley +Gurwin..............Associate Sports Editor
Warren Wertheimer... . . . . .Associate Sports Editor
Roz Shlimovitz.........................Women's Editor
Janet Smith .................Associate Women's Editor
John Hirtzel..............Chief Photographer
Business Staff
-Lois Pollak...........................Business Manager
Phil I3runskill............ Assoi, ciaeRusinesMan a, er

ponsibility of the German Peoples Democratic
Republic That government is a Soviet puppet.
T HE RUSSIAN move is logical enough. Re-
cently the Communists put forward the
slogan "Germans must sit around the same
table together." The Communists are trying to
force recognition of their East zone govern-
ment by obliging the Federal Republic at Bonn
to negotiate with it. Once the ice is broken,
the implication is that there can be. negotia-
tions on other issues, too, including all-German
elections and reunification of Germany.
That does not mean that the Communists
intend to permit free elections, but it does mean
that they are attempting to use the promise
as a means of slowing down West Germany's,
contribution to NATO, of which it recently be,*
came a member. The West German Social De-
mocrats and representatives of the powerful
West German trade unions have been demand-
ing that all possible avenues toward reunifica-
tion be explained before West Germany is re-
armed. The offer of such an avenue could mean
long delay.
In France the Communist party Central
Committee has just held an important session
at which tactics were polished up. This fore-
shadows an attempt by Communists to parti-
cipate once again in the French and Italian
governments. The two countries are targets no
less important than Germany in the drive to
break up Western unity,
have no hope at this time of accomplishing
their aims by revolutionary methods. They are
reviving the idea of legal, parliamentary ac-
tion. And Communists are ordered to woo the
Socialists and all elements of the left into a
popular front
The Communists, at Moscow's direction, have
revived the line of 20 years ago, when the
USSR stood in awe of the growing menace of

T HREE famed comedies, all of
them riotously active, make up
the current Speech Department
Playbill at the Barbour Gym and
they add up to an extremely en-
tertaining evening.
The authors represented in this
experiment in horseshoe staging,
(that is, the audience is seated in
a "U" around the players) are
Shaw, Shakespeare, and Aristo-
phanes. The works: "The Admir-
able Bashville," "The Pyramus and
Thisbe" scene from "Midsummer
Night's Dream" and "Lysistrata"
(the last abridged) are all broadly
comic in conception, filled with
farcical and filial situations. They


No More Problem **
To the Editor:
SECRETARY of Defense Charles
Wilson should be commended
for his foresight in setting up a
committee to deal with the prob-
lem of "brain-washing." The se-
riousness of this problem can per-
haps best be shown by the follow-
ing - example. Assume that the
United States gets involved in a
war over Formosa. Then, let us as-
sume that a captured American
soldier is asked this question,
"What are you fighting for?" Let
us look at the possible answers
he could give,
1. Freedom. To this answer his
captors might reply that if the
United States were really interest-
ed in freedom why has it sought
out as its allies such despots as
Chiang Kai Shek, Francisco Fran-
co, Synghman Rhee and the Ger-
man militarists? Furthermore,
...1s_. I - is - _ ,- '+-+..

3. For Defense of the United
States. To this his captors might
reply that if Formosa is essen-
tial to the defense of the United
States, then Hawaii is essential
to the defense of China. The de-
fensive line depends on how far
any nation wants to extend its
boundaries. Today, the only real
defense is universal disarmament.
And what would universal disarm-
ament do to the American econ-
I submit that this diabolical
type of "brain-washing" is bound
to have a demoralizing affect on
anyone with a brain. Therefore, I
would like to offer Mr. Wilson
and his committee a solution to
the problem.
I suggest that they devise an
electronic computor. which could
be substituted for the brain. It
should be able to co-ordinate hu-
man actions and, at the same
time, eliminate the negative fea-
ture of the human brain, i.e. the

abound in parody, burlesque and
sometimes - delicate, sometimes-
not, slapstick.
"Bashville," the first of the trio,
is a play that parodies the eloquent
and poetic love story of "rich girlj
loves crass boor," and director
Clarence Stephenson has wisely
seen fit to stage it in the grand
melodramatic style. 'he actors all
employ a florid technique, and the
storming and mugging are all very
funny. All complications to the
union of the star-crossed lovers
are impossibly dissolvetf and there
is a totally nonsensical ending in
the best tradition. Mary Davey as
the heroine, Charles Lutz as the
poetic pug, who spouts Shakes-
perean in rough tones, and AlI
Senter as Bashville, the butler
who harbours secret desires, all
capture the flair and style nicely.
weakest of the three. Shakespeare's
burlesque of the Greek legend is
a fine sketch, but 7.ere, in its all-
girl cast presentation, it becomes
slightly overpowering. The lines
are shouted in a way not com-
patible with the acoustics of Bar-
bour Gym and the result too often
is garbled gags.
Much of it is, however, clear and
clever, and there are some excel-
lent performances.
* * *
"LYSISTRATA," the terror of
the U.S. Post Office, is here ac-
tually a capsule version of the
Greek comedy. Telling the tale of
the Grecian women who deny
their amours to their soldier hus-
bands in order to prevent war, it
is the most ambitious project of
the three.
Gwen Arner has staged it tra-
ditionally and beautifully. The
play is still magnificently funny,
and innuendos and complications
between reluctant women and
frustrated men lead to some hys-


-4 ,


by D ic Bibi4l

,' -"

/ ' ;

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