See Page 4
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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXV, No. 165 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MAY 24, 1955
Top Officials Confer
Today on Situation
WASHINGTON (A') - The gov-
ernment has called for a full dress
conference of the nation's polio
fighters here today Surgeon Gen.
Leonard Scheele announced last
He did not disclose the purpose
of the meeting, but developments
over the last few days indicate
that things are building up to a
major decision on the Salk polio
vacineprogram, including per-
haps new safety standards.
Scheele said the Vaccine Com-
mittee of the National Founda-
tion for Infantile Paralysis, offi-
cers of the American Medical
Assn., and representatives of the
Assn. of State and Territorial
Health Officers have been invited
to attend the conference.
They will meet with government
scientists and experts from the
six drug companies licensed to
make the vaccine, who are already
h At the same time, government
handling of the Salk vaccine came
under fire from two directions.
Democrats called it "40 days of
utter confusion," while Basil
'Connor, head of the polio foun-
dation, charged it had become
mixed up in politics.
The government's scientific ad-
isers met behind closed doors at
the National Institutes of Health
here yesterday to thrash out tech-
nical problems involved in testing
the Salk vaccine for safety before
additional supplies are released for
the school immunization program.
Dr. William Sebrell Jr., director
of the institutes and chairman of
the meeting, said they would prob-
ably wait until after today's meet-
ing to report their recommenda-
tions to Scheele.
Scheele's announcement on to-
day's meeting did not give the
names of the AMA representatives
and health officers invited. But it
listed these members of the Foun-
dation's Vaccine Committee:
Dr. Thomas M. Rivers, chair-
man, Rockefeller, Institute for
Medical Research; Dr. Thomas P.
Murdock, American Medical Assn.;
Dr. David E. Price, Public Health
Service; Dr. Ernest L. Stebbins,
John Hopkins University; Dr.
Norman H. Topping, University of
Pennsylvania; Dr. Thomas B. Tur-
ner, Johns Hopkins University;
and Dr. Richard Shope, Rockefel-
ler Institute for Medical Research.
Scheele has promised to make
known his decisions on the pro-
gram "as soon as possible." A
halt in the vaccination program
was recommended 15 days ago
after some children came down
with polio following their inocu-
The Senate Labor and Public
Welfare Committee met Monday
another aspect of the antipolio
program-control of the vaccine's
distribution after fresh supplies
have been tested and approved for
use. There was a two-hour dis-
cussion behind closed doors.
WASHINGTON (P) -- President
Dwight D. Eisenhower put his sig-
nature yesterday to a bill repeal-
ng a 1954 provision of the Agri-
culture Adjustment Act denying
Agriculture Conservation p a y -
ments to farmers failing to com-
ply with acreage allotments on all
basic price-supported crops.
Enacted last year to obtain
greater compliance with acreage
adjustment programs, the ACP el-
igibilty provision was regarded by
te . agriculture department as
more likely to discourage soil con-
servation practices on family-type
farms, which are exempt from
Prior to 1954, the ACP eligibility
section of the law applied only to
cotton, although it was seldom
used because marketing quotas as
well as acreage controls prevented
The last Congress expanded the
eligibility principle to apply to all
basic commodities - corn, wheat,
Contracts; Expect More
Within Next Few Days
GM Workers A prove
Strike for Annual Wage!
DETROIT (R)-General Motors workers throughout the country
have voted overwhelmingly to strike, if necessary, to gain a guar-
anteed annual wage,'the CIO United Auto Workers (UAW) Union
announced last night.
John W. Livingston, UAW Vice-President and director of the
union's GM department, said 103 of 107 General Motors locals have
voted. 126,559 to 8,955 in favor of a walkout should new contract
The vote c rried by the necessary twothirds majority not only
as a whole but in each local, Liv- "
STUDENT CENTER-The new $40,000 Lutheran Student Center at Hill and Forest was dedicated over the weekend. Two dedication
services were held, both of which were attended by a capacity crowd. The Rev. Paul C. Empie, executive director of the National
Lutheran Student Council, delivered the sermons at the service. University President Harlan H. Hatcher also spoke at the dedication.
Funds for construption of the new center were provided by the Council.
British Voters To Choose.Between Eden, Attlee
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first
in a series explaining aspects of
Thursdays election in Great Britain.
Today's article will describe the per-
sonalities involved in the campaignl)
By MICHAEL BRAUN
Great Britain, where parliamen-
tary democracy was born, will go
to the polls Thursday for the
fourth time since the war.
From Glasgow to Cardiff the
electorate will decide whether An-
thony Eden's fledgeling govern-
ment will get a popular mandate.
He could have waited sixteen
months to call the election; when
the mandate given his predeces-
sor, Sir Winston Churchill, ex-
pires. Instgad he chose to be Prime
Minister on his own right-or not
This decisiveness is typical of
Eden. He has always been a man
of high principles with the deter-
mination to stand by them.
In 1938, Eden felt that Prime
Supreme Court Annuls
WASHINGTON ()-The Supreme Court yesterday threw out
contempt-of-Congress convictions of three men who refused to ale-
swer questions put to them by congressional Red-hunters.
Chief Justice Earl Warren, who spoke for the majority in all
three cases, said governmental bodies "must be most scrupulous" in
protecting the rights of a witness under the Fifth Amendment's guar-
antee against compulsory self-incrimination.
Chief Justice Warren also said that congressional committees, in
laying the foundation for a contempt prosecution, must make it clear
Minister N e v ill e Chamberlain's
conciliatory polices were a detre-
ment not only to England but to
the whole free world, and resigned
his job in protest.
When Churchill became Prime
Minister he appointed Eden Do-
Minions' Secretary and subse-
quently Foreign Secretary. He was
also given the post of Leader of
the House of Commons.
After the end of the war in Eu-
rope an election was held resulting
in a stunning defeat for the Con-
In 1951 the Conservatives were
returned to power and Eden was
once more named Foreign Secre-
tary. He served in that post until
when he became Prime Minister.
As of last week the British peo-
ple seemed to like Anthony Eden.
All polls indicate victory for the
The polls do not phase ClementI
Attlee. The former Prime Minister
and leader of the Labor Party was
vigorously campaigning also.
If Eden can be referred to as
"slightly bubbling champagne" At-
tlee can best be described as a
"comfortable cup of cambric tea."
Attlee, however, has his troubles.
He spends most of his time telling
the electorate that the Labor Party
Another candidate in the cam-!
paign, Sir Winston Churchill, is'
staying off television and pretty
much sticking to his own district.
Thus the election is a matter of
opposites. Do the British want the
conservatives, aristocratic scions of
England's best families, who have
run the country for the last 3
years? Or do they want the Labor-
ites, "offsprings of the coalpits,
workshops and the London School
Thursday the British people will
exercise their franchise and decide.
The 103 locals represent 99 per
cent of the 325,000 GM workers
covered by the current five year
contract which expires June 7.
Livingston said 41.2 per cent of
the eligible voters in the' 103 lo-
cals cast ballots. A strike vote of
Ford workers is expected to show
approval by a similar margin but
Union spokesmen 'said it is not
complete and no figures are avail-
Walter P. Reuther, president of
both the CIO and the UAW, sat in
on Ford sessions yesterday morn-
ing and GM conferences in the
A news blackout covered both
sets of talks, however, and Reuth-
er and GM negotiators remained
mum about the progress of the
year-around pay proposal.
WASHINGTON (A) - The Su-
preme Court yesterday declined to
hear a new appeal which ques-
tioned constitutionality of Michi-
gans' one man grand jury law.
The appeal was filed by Henry R.
Pickett, Richard L. Kirby and Har-
old Wirsing, who were convicted by
a jury on charges of conspiracy to
violate the Michigan gambling law.
They were tried before Judge
Herman J. Dehnke in Genesee
County Circuit Court after Judge
Karl K. Leibrand, sitting as a one-
man grand jury, issued a warrant
for the arrest of the three. .
Pickett and Wirsing were sen-
tenced to one to five years and
fined $2,500 each. Kirby was sen-
tenced to four years' probation, to
include 30 days in the county jail,
$1,000 fine and $3,000 costs.
Their appeal said the one-man
grand jury law "creates a system
very heavily laden with pressure on
witnesses; and very dangerous to
the liberties of the people and the
fair administration of justice."
The law provides that Michigan
judges may conduct one-man in-
vestigations of crime with power
to issue warrants for the arrest of
The Supreme Court took no ac-
tion today on a second appeal in-
volving the same question. The
court presumably will act on this
appeal later this term.
has pledged it will stick to its
"firm independence" despite Mar-
shal Tito's decision to meet with
Russia's top leaders.
The State Department reported
the pledge only a few minutes aft-
er Secretary of State John Foster
Dulles met with Yugoslav's ambas-
Backing up the State Depart-
ment's announcement, Yugoslav
Ambassador ,Leo Mates told re-
porters: "There will be no changes
in our foreign policy as a result
of the visit to Belgrade." .
Tito's Yugoslavia, while a Com-
munist nation, has been at odds
with Moscow since 1948.
Mates said the Yugoslav govern-
ment has given its assurances "by
diplomatic contact" in Belgrade
with the American ambassador. He
declined to elaborate but said it is
"very decidedly" Yugoslavia's poli-
cy to "stick to its independent pol-
icy of recent years."
Both the State Department's
and Mates' comments appeared to
be designed to ease concern in the
West over the scheduled visit
later this month to Belgrade of
Soviet Premier Bulganin and Com-
munist Party chief Nikita Krush-
A total of $226 was stolen Sun-
day morning in a wave of frater-
Hardest hit was Sigma Alpha
Epsilon, whose members lost $92,
taken from wallets and dresser
Zeta Beta Tau reported to po-1
lice that $74 was stolen from the'
rooms of eleven members while
they slept in the dormitory.
Four billfolds containing a total
of $92 were taken from the Lamb-
da Chi Alpha house Sunday morn-
ing. Members told police that they
saw a middle-aged, heavy set man
in a brown suit wandering around
the house later in the morning.
To Beat Prices
By LEE MARKS
After two futile years of dis-
couragement and failure, 'cooper-
ative buying has finally come into
its ownrat the University.
IFraternity Buying Association
has now signed 28 fraternities, ac-
cording to Mike Barber, '57, pur-
chasing agent and chairman of
the purchasing committee.
More are expected to sign in the
next few days, bringing the total
to more than 30.
Attempts to sabotage the coop-
erative buying plan, still in its in-
fancy, have been' reported by sev-
In one instance, Barber said,
one wholesaler offered to un-
dersell FBA by 25 cents a case.
Barber pointed out FBA accepts
bids before assigning contracts and
any wholesaler with a legitimate
offer stands to gain more by work-
ing through FBA than by attempt-
ing to undersell it.
Lowest Possible Price
"FBA has to give the lowest
possible honest price. We can't
cut our prices temporarily, as some
wholesalers may do," Barber com-
Attempts to undercut FBA may
possibly be made through frater-
nity cooks, Barber said. In many
cases cooks are friendly with the
buyers they deal with and may be
offered cutbacks to sell outside of
"Stewards will have to take an
active interest in buying to pre-
vent such attempts," the FBA pur-
chasing agent declared.
Minimum 10 Per Cent
Already saving fraternities a
minimum 10 per cent, it is con-
ceivable FBA will save as much as
25 per cent in the near future.
Present capital for the young
organization is $2,250 with another
$2,205 due before Dec. 1. First or-
'der to be placed for the first
month of next year will exceed
$10,000, Barber said.
SBarber drew a comparison be-
tween FBA's initial progress and
that of Penn State and Ohio State.
Orders for the first year at OSU
were $1200. "Of course it was 22
years ago, during the depression,"
Less Than Michigan
Both Penn State and Ohio State
started off with 15 members. To-
day, after four years' growth, Penn
State still has only 22 participants,
less than Michigan will start with.
Although originally conceived by
the IFC, FBA expects to cut all
bonds with the parent organiza-
tion "as soon as possible," Barber
"From its inception FBA was
planned as an independent unit.
It will be recognized as a new stu-
dent organization by Student
Government Council and will be
incorporated under the state laws
of Michigan as a non-profit cor-
poration," Barber said.
Handles Canned Products
FBA now handles all canned
products and items such as paper
products.As soonas'possible, the
organization hopes to expand to
See COOPERATIVE, Page 6
MONTAGUE, Mich. (R.) - Fire
scare evacuation of this lake Mich-
igan community was averted yes-
terday after workmen throttled a
chlorine gas leak at the 15-mil-
lion dollar Hooker Electro Chemi-
cal plant here.
Billowing clouds of the, deadly
WASHINGTON VP) -- A Senate
Judiciary subcommittee yesterday.
approved by a 3-2 vote Sen. John
Bricker's proposed constitutional
amendment designed to limit the
government's treaty-making pow-
Supporting the Ohio Republi-
can's controversial measure, which
the Senate refused to adopt after
bitter debate early last year, were
Sen. Price Daniel (D-Tex.), Sen.
William Langer (R-N.D.) and Sen.
Everret Dirksen (R-Ill.).
Subcommittee Chairman Sen.
Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn.) and
Sen. Thomas Hennings (D-Mo.)
voted against the proposed amend-
ment, which now goes before the
full Judiciary Committee headed
by Sen. Harley Kilgore (D-W.Va.).
,to a witness that he is in danger
of prosecution for refusing to an-
No Clear-Cut Choice
In none of the three cases, Chief
Justice Warren said, did the House
Un-American Activities Commit-
tee confront the witness with a
clear-cut choice between answer
ing a question and risking prose-
These following convictions were
reversed and sent back to U.S.
District Court here with instruc-
tions to enter judgments of ac-
Julius Emspak, secretary-treas-
urer of the United Electrical Work-
ers Unign, which was expelled
from the CIO several years ago
on' the ground it was Communist-
Emspak's conviction grew out of
his appearance before the House
committee during a 1949 investiga-
tion of Red infiltration of labor
Thomas Quinn, a field organizer
for the same union, who also was
called as a witness during the
Industrial Unrest" Stirs
Britain's Election Picture
LONDON (P)-An atmosphere of industrial unrest pulled Britain's
election campaign out of the doldrums yesterday and injected a new
factor in Thursday's voting for a new 630-member House of Com-
Behind closed doors, both Conservative and Labor headquarters
planned last minute campaign moves.
Laborites, sensing they were running behind, searched fever-
ishly for a new issue.
It appears likely Britain's 35 million voters will go to the polls
* with five major ports paralyzed
i* * Iby a jurisdictional dispute of dock
Cri of na1L cups
To Increase Here
A 25 cent across-the-board in-
crease in the price of all haircuts
was voted unanimously at a recent
meeting of the Ann Arbor Barbers
A defeinte shortage of barbers
and the need to attract more to
Ann Arbor was the cause of the
increase, according to E. M. Flow-
ers, secretary-general of the As-
workers and with the still graver
threat of a nationwide rail strike
due to begin almost before all the
ballots are counted.
But presumably the disputes
could strengthen the cause of
Prime Minister Anthony Eden's
Conservatives. Uncommitted mid-
dle class voters -- the people who
swing the balance in any British
election - might be frightened
away from Labor candidates.
"Policy of Grab"
Leftwing Laborite Aneurin Bev-
an contended in recent speeches
the Conservative government has
encouraged "a policy of grab by
big business" and this philosophy
has worked its way into the ranks
of the workers. The Labor moder-
ates have taken up Bevan's theme.
Lord Beaverbrook's Evening
Standard gave the Conservative
answer in an editorial that said:
"This is a dangerous line for the
Socialists to adopt. On the one
hand they condemn the strikes as
damaging to the nation's econo-
my, while on the other they justi-
fy them as the inevitable result of
Tory policy. And they hint that
these disputes would never take
place if the Socialists were in
Unusually mild-mannered Clem-
McCarthy Raps Ike's
RWASHINGTON (P-sen Joseph Eisenhowers in a transcribed radio ideni
R. M arh (RWs)silatinterview. IBig
night he regards Milton Eisenhow- itriw i
er, the President's brother, as "the Among other things, the Sena- pease
unofficial President of the United tor said he could not support Pres- plied
States." ident Eisenhower for reelection in "Y
Describing Milton Eisenhower, 1956 "unless the President does going
whoDispresient io Eensylv a something about the prisoner of thing
who is president of Pennsylvania wrstain""W
State University, as "more than war situation."abou
an influence on the President," However, he said that if Demo- talk
Sen. McCarthy said: crat Adlai Stevenson were the only 4"
"He is one of the most left wing- other candidate "I would have to, abou
ers you can find in the Republi- I suppose, votfoEisenhower as Czec
.,,.,« ,, -. . . thelesl.r ofetwo evils."Ce
t Eisenhower's presence at a
Four meeting an "act of ap-
ement," Sen. McCarthy re-
es, because you see, we are
g there .. . not to ask for any-
Te are going there not to talk
t what we can get but to
about what we will give away.
)n the agenda there is nothing
t freeing or neutralizing of
,hoslovakia 'or Hungary or Po-
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