100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

May 13, 1955 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1955-05-13

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


INTERNATIONAL WEEK
v. See Page 4

Y L

1Mwi xx

4hp
:43at.tg

rV

Latest Deadline in the State CLOUDY,WARM

VOL. LXV, No. 156 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 13, 1955

TWELVE PAGES

I T- -10 n -1

Big

Four

Approve
Treaty

i

Reeumptio House
Seen Likely

OK's

Military

Austrian

1@

Of

Independence

Establishes
> Neutrality
In Cold War
VIENNA, Austria ()-The Big
Four agreed yesterday on final
terms for an Austrian treaty of
independence.
This country's foreign minister,
mindful of an impending top-level
East-West meeting, called it "a
turning point in world history."
U. S. Secretary of State John
F. Dulles, British Foreign Secre-
tary Harold Macmillan, French
Foreign Minister Antoine Pinay
and Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav M. Molotov will sign
the treaty here Sunday which!
makes Austria neutral in the cold
war.
Ratification Means Independence
Ratification will mean independ-
ence for the first time in 17 years'
for this nation of seven million
with an area roughly equivalent to
Maine or South Carolina.
Ninety days after ratification,
70,000 occupation troops of the
four powers who have been in Aus-
tria for a decade will be with-
drawn. Ratification is expected to
be completed by Dec. 31.
For a while yesterday it looked
as though a deadlock over a clause
dealing with economic concessions
of Russia to Austria might block
or delay the treaty signing.
Full Unanimity Reached
But a communique from the Big
r Four ambassadors after a meet-
ing declared "full unanimity has
been reached on all articles of the
draft treaty."
It added that by the end of this
week the Big Four foreign min-
isters will meet here with repre-
sentatives of Austria "for the ex-
amination and signature of the
Austrian state treaty."
The ambassadors of the West-
ern Powers bumped into the dead-
lock three days ago when the Rus-
sians balked against revising Arti-
cle 35 of the treaty to include re-
cent concessions to the Austrians
made in talks in Moscow last
month.
Oil Fields Returned
These involved return of the
great Zisterdorf oil fields and the
Danube Shipping Co. to Austria.
The ambassadors finally decided
to make the concessions an annex
to the treaty, climaxing with suc-
cess nine days of negotiations.
?-Foreign Minister Leopold Figl
told the Austrian people that Sun-
day's signing will not only be a
significant date in the "history
of Austria, but it will also be a
turning point in world history."
The ambassadors did not take
up yesterday the question of
guaranteeing Austrian neutrality,
and this may be discussed by the
foreign ministers in their week-
end meeting here.
Mighty Sphinx
Grabs Slaves
Once again the Pharaoh has
commanded his legions to cross the
great desert and invade the land
of the barbarians to pick slaves
for the Pharaoh's court.
Once again the East has learned
to fear the Pharaoh's might.
Into the temple, where gathers
the Court, came neophyte slaves
to the Great Court of Sphinx.
Here they learned of many
things.
Here they learned to dedicate
themselves to Michigan, and to

the Pharaoh ... A
So came .. .
Bill Adams, Mike Barber, Terry
Barr, Mike Buchanan, Dick Dun-
nigan, Bill Johnson, John John-
son, Herb Karzen, Ron Kramer,
f i,.lr T anne 'Urnrl Txnnc 'Rnarrv

Prof. Wit
Calls Treaty
Red Strategy
By PETE ECKSTEIN
An Austrian peace treaty was
Russia's "trump card" in her ef-
forts to dissuade Germany from
rearming, Prof. Daniel Wit of the
political science department said
yesterday.
"Russia held off until the very
end" in agreeing to the Austrian
treaty, Prof. Wit said. "She is
trying to use Austria as an exam-
,.,1, t. f~n m~ v"

Plan T oRelease
Vaccine Quickly
WASHINGTON fAP) - pks
men for the United States Pub-
lic Health Service indicated yes-
terday that-if all goes well-the
signal may be given today for lim-
ited resumption of inoculations
with the Salk polio vaccine.
They said they expected to hear
within hours from a scientific
team re-testing vaccine made by
Parke, Davis & Co., Detroit.
If the report from Detroit is fa-
vorable and if Public Health offi-}
Ials here concur, they added, there
is likely to be quick action to re-
lease batches of the Parke-Davis
product previously approved and
now in the hands of doctors.
Urged Innoeulation Suspension
At the beginning of the week
the Public Health Service urged
states to suspend their inocula-
tion programs until federal offic-
ials had rechecked the safeguards
being used by drug firms produc-
ing the serum.
These doublechecks began at
ilr

Communists
Gain Control'
Of Haiphong
HAIPHONG (A)-Thousands of
Communist Vietminh troops swept
into the northwest section of this
big seaport yesterday and im-
mediately imposed an iron rule of
fear.
Occupation of Haiphong will be
completed today, ending French
colonialism in North Indochina.
But the Vietminh 'did not wait
for the final day to strike terror
in northwest Haiphong.
Roundup Vietnamese
The occupying army of Moscow-f
trained Ho Chi Minh ordered a1

Appropriations

Bill

President's
Military' Cut
4
Plan Upheld'
New Reductions
To Begin July 1
WASHINGTON (A.)-The House
yesterday passed a $31,488,206,000
military appropriation bill after
upholding President Dwight D. Ei-
senhower's plans to reduce armed
service strength.
The roll call vote was 382-0.
As the measur went to the Sen-
ate 4t provided for a cut of 107,-
300 in the Army, Navy and Marine
Corps during the 12 months start-
ing July 1.
The Air Force would be increas-
ed by 5,000, from 970,000 to 975,-
000, during the same period, leav-
ing the over-all reduction at 102,-
_oeyLetnve

.1

PRESIDENT HATCHER
BUYS TAG

'U' Tag Da
Starts Here;
Goal $5,000f
Buckets will be manned by a to-
tal of 1400 students today and to-
morrow in the 35th Annual Tag
Day drive.
Staged this year by Junior IFC,
Junior Panhel, IHC, Assembly, the
Union and League, the fund-rais-
ing drive helps send underprivi-
leged boys to the University Fresh
Air Camp.
The goal has, been set at $5,000
this year, and there will be 42
stations scattered about the cam-
pus 'and city.
'U' Provides Administrative Costs
The University provides all ad-
ministrative costs of the camp.
Tag Day funds are used only to
buy food, medical service, craft
and camping equipment, camper
transportation and athletic equip-
ment for the boys.
.The camp, located on Patterson
Lake 24 miles northwest of Ann
Arbor, will hold two sessions this
summer.

ple to Germany"" Parke-Davis wednesday and will roundup of all Vietnamese who
He speculated that Russia II be extended to the other pharma- had collaborated with the French
"out to engage in direct negotia- ceutical houses. and Vietnamese forces during the s
tions with the German govern- Sentiment grew in Congress yes- long war.
ment" on a German peace treaty terday to give the President
and unification of the country., edyt ie h rsdn The threat of arrest and imp r- AOET MDW ateAn
n n n he y broad discretionary powers to con- onment cast a black shadow over ABOVE THE MIDWAY at the An
Applied Pressure on Germany trol the distribution and price of the lives of Haiphong's 236,000 Commerce's 12th Annual Building,
Both the Austrian treaty and the Salk polio vaccine. citizens. Show at the Fair Grounds. The an
planned Communist military al- Wanted Controls For in this wartime port of'drew 25,000 people, will run throug]
liance are "part of pressure being Many members of Congress for ntais ofrU.S. ar auctions, and raffles, as well as ride
applied on Germany to prevent re-wntoca nmeteon- entry for mountains of U.S. war
aaiene want to clamp on immediate con- supplies sent to the French, there
armament.sofVitnmee h
"I don't think their efforts will trols to ke re were thousands of Vietnamese who INVESTIGATIONS:
succeed as long as Adenauer is ply will go to children who need had helped in dozens of ways.
Chancellor," h added, but it will it most and at a fair price. lc rda i t l
The administration is reluctant .Black Friday
be several years before the Ger- to impose controls unless they are It was black Friday for the A Jnfceica
mans have an army in the field. bsutynessy.French expeditionary forces. The
The new treaty will affect the More than five million school force did all it could to win a war
legal standing of Russian troops in children have been inoculated with that often lacked sympathy in Tth
some satellite countries, he point- the Salk vaccine since it was pro- Paris high councils and among
ed out. The Red Army's presence nounced a safe immunizing agentIFrench interests which had tapped
is now justified on the grounds last month. the territory's wealth for nearly Three confessions Wednesday virt
that it provides a supply contact According to the latest figures 90 years. cidents of violence plaguing the city
with forces in Austria. of the Public Health Service, 64 The thousands of elite Vietminh .The trio, two 18-year-old high s
Withdrawal of .foreign troops of the children have come down troops their bayonets gleaming, old admitted injuring a University coE
from Austria under the new treaty with polio since being vaccinated. marched into Haiphong at dawn They denied, however, that they did
"presages some withdrawal of Rus- The development of these cases today. The three youths told city detect
sian troops in the satellites," the apparently was a major factor in Swiftly they will take military ---voff
dprofessor Rsmmentd. "IL demon- 'the decision to go back and check control of the city-their last big flee
strates Russian confidence in be- over manufacturing methods em- prize in the nearly eight years of of
ing able to dominate satellite ar- ployed by the six companies li- bitter guerrilla war that ended ine
mies. censed to turn out the serum. stunning defeat for the French a Shift
Integration F o cessyear ago at Dien Bien Phu. kn
"Further integration of forces is Leave for Do Son Peninsula chi
particularly necessary as Russian Two Students French troops will leave in In Viet Nam esc
troops are removed," Prof. Wit tuk o osnpnnuai l
said, "and the need partly explains r j trucks for Do Son peninsula in fclai
~aid, "ndd hheeBdaprt ynjpuredsthe South. There they will leave an
the new "Red NATO." It and the Bad e for Saigon in South Viet Nam- SAIGON, South Viet Nam (AP)-A tio
re shvery well for the Rus- 'and France. government spokesman said yes- 1
nsFrom the recent Soviet moves, Inar CrashiThe Communist Vietminh oc- terday Premier Ngo Dinh Diem is Ch
Prof. Wit concludes that "their cupation of Haiphong puts the red asking France to shift French sal
.primary European objective still TOLEDO, (P)-Charles R. Wal- flag with the yellow star in the troops north to the CommunistcA
remains the winning or the neu- green III, '57Ph., of the national center over a vast territory from border area of' withdraw them ver
tralization of the new Germany." drug store chain family from Win- the south border of Red China to from South Viet Nam. on
netka, Ill., and Robert H. Burns, the 17th Parallel. This covers half In their present stations, the
'57, of Dearborn, Mich., were in of the Indochinese state of Viet spokesman declared, the troops
aPollcVaccine poor condition yesterday, aides in Nam. handicap Diem's efforts to estab-!
Mercy Hospital reported. Ho's Vietminh won these rich lish a sound administration. '58
SCanceled Both are students at the Uni- lands by diplomacy at the Geneva The French expeditionary corps, we
versity and were injured early yes- conference last July as the price between 70,000 and cha
h t o numbering bten7,0 n
terday when their auto, driven by for peace. Now the Vietminh look 80,000 now is based chiefly in the hig
Washtenaw County Health De- Walgreen, skidded and struck a to elections in South Viet Nam Saigon area, at Tourane in cen-
partment has canceled polio vac- utility pole in downtown Toledo. next spring. tral Viet Nam, and at Cap St: thr
cine shots due to be given today. Police said Walgreen told them Vietminh Confident Jacques, on the coast southeast of der
United States government ap- he and Burns came here for a date 16
proval of the vaccine has not yet with two Toledo girls and were re- They are confident the Vietna- the capital. knwe
come through. Children scheduled turning to Ann Arbor when the mese there will prefer Ho Chi Thespokesmansa brother, roving Am-
port May 20-27, the department Walgreen, cited by police on by the United States and Western bassador Ngo Dinh Luyen, to ask 9
says. charges of driving without due re- powers. Thus they hope to control Paris to move the corps to the clu
Close to 6,000 children have al- gard for safety and without an op- all Viet Nam, largest of the Indo- 17th Parallel or take it out of the'l
ready been given first shots. They erator's license, suffered a leg Chinese states. country.
will report as scheduled May 20-27 fracture and head,' ankle and arm Ho Chi Minh now controls a The 17th Parallel roughly marks ed
for second shots. Children sched- injuries. Burns received internal total population of nearly 13 mil- the line dividing South Viet Nam at
uled for their first shots today will I injuries, leg and hip fractures and lion Vietnamese out of Viet Nam's and Communist-ruled North Viet wh
get them at the later date. severe face cuts. total of around 25 million. Nam. ers
his

-Daily-Sam Ching
.n Arbor Junior Chamber of
Merchant and Automotive
nual event, which last year
h Sunday featuring displays,
s on the midway.

I

Behavior Problems
The boys who attend present a
wide range of behavior problems.
Some are having difficulty in
school, some in the home, and oth-
ers in the community at large.
The Fresh Air Camp was estab-
lished by the University as a sum-
mer workshop for seniors and
graduate students in education, so-
ciology, psychology and other re-
lated fields.
Reuther ,Tialk
Praises GA W
CINCINNATI MP)-The guaran-
teed annual wage is a step toward
the creation of a "larger economic
pie to benefit everyone," Walter
Reuther, President of the CIO and
The United Auto Workers, said
yesterday.
Reuther addressed the First Bi-
ennial Economic Conference of
the CIO International Union of
Electrical Workers, which like
Reuther's UAW is seeking guaran-
tees of an annual income.
If full employment is possible
during a war, Reuther argued, it
should be possible during peace-
time so that all Americans can
share in the "good things of life.'
The key to the problem, he
maintained, is not in production
but in distribution.
Government officials should re-
alize, he said, they can "balance
the budget of Uncle Sam by bal-
ancing the family budgets of peo-
ple, who are not being paid
enough."
He said many industries are not
operating at capacity because of
a lack of purchasing power.
The stability given by the guar-
anteed wage in the automobile in-

Cases End
Con afessions
ually closed cases involving in-
for three weeks.
chool students, and a 16-year-
ed, Lou Ann Fiber, '56, May 7.
it on purpose.
ives they were throwing rocks!
a hill into the arboretum and
d when they heard the screams
the coed.
Tooth Knocked Out
Miss Fiber, who had a tooth
ocked out in the incident, and
pped two others, said she and
ort Frank Taylor, '56BAd.,
imed the youths used slingshots
d apparently aimed them inten-
nally.
Pending further investigation no
arges have been filed, police
d.
Also about to be closed is the
se involving assault on two Uni-
rsity students in the arboretum
April 28.
Students Injured
The students, William Kweek,
Ph. and Richard Hartman, '56,
re injured after words were ex-
anged with several Ann Arbor
gh school students.
Named in the assault complaint,
ree Ann Arbor High School stu-
nts, two 17-year-olds and one
-year-old, confessed earlier this
ek of taking part in the beat-
The 16 year old who wielded the
b, will be handled by the juve-
e court.
Case Not Closed
The only serious case not clos-
is the incident Saturday night
S. Main and Madison Streets,
were a man injured two attack-
after they dragged him from
car.
Both appeared -to be hurt, but
yet police pave no trace as to
eir whereabouts. Investigations
ill continue.
Police are confident that in most
spects, the arboretum situation
s calmed and cleared. Patrols
ll operate closely in the area,
wever.

300.
Money Left Over
With money left over from pre-
vious appropriations, the new bill
would give the Defense Depart-
ment $43,081,000,000 for the com-
ing fiscal year.
Amendments designed to pre-
vent the manpower cuts were
shoutedhdown in a rapid series of
voice votes.
Eisenhower's military program
calls for a total armed force of
2,859,000 by June 30, 1956, com-
pared with 2,961,300 this June 30.
Army Takes Cut
The Army would take the brunt
of this cut-87,000 men.
The unsuccessful fight to block
the Army-Navy-Marine Corps cuts
was led by Rep. D. J. Flood (D-
Pa.) who said he was not saber
rattling but believed in the Theo
dore Roosevelt dictum: "Let's
tread softly and carry a big stick."
Rep. Flood said the administra-
tion's main argument for cutting
the armed forces was to get a bal-
anced budget, and he added:
"That's a sham, you know the
budget won't be balanced.'
Democratic Supporters
He picked up some Democratic
supporters, including Rep. G. W.
Andrews of Alabama and Rep. M.
Price of Illinois, but he was out-
,numbered by members of both
parties.
Rep. C. Cannon (D-Mo.), chair-
man of the Appropriations Com-
mittee, told the House the next
war would be decided in three or
four days-"at most a week,"-
and he said the Army and Navy
would not have time to get into
full action.
"What could we do with three or
four more divisions?" he asked.
"We wouldn't possibly use them."
Program Emphasizes Air Power
Rep. Cannon said the admini-
stration program emphasizes air
power, with swift and massive re-
taliation against an aggressor, as
well as a strong reserve force.
Rep. John R. Taber of New York,
top Republican on the Appropri-
ations Committee, said the bill
followed President Eisenhower's
" recommendations and urged the
House not to "run out on the
~ greatest military leader in the
world."
The amendments offered by
Reps. Flood and Andrews would
have kept the Army at its project-
ed June 30, 1955, level of 1,114,-
s 000, the Navy at 672,000 and the
Marines at 215,000.
t President's Plan
The President's plan calls for an
Army of 1,027,000, a Navy of 664,-
000 and a Marine Corps of 193,000
at the end of the new fiscal year.
The Air Force would be increased
during the year from 970,000 to
Flood also lost his fight to main-
tain an active fleet of 1,066 ships
instead of the 1,001 programmed
by the President.
In all, the defeated amendments
would have added $413,793,500 to
the bill.
The Air Force budget provides
7 for an active aircraft fleet of 20,-
692 during 1956, compared with
19,872 this year, and for procure-
ment of 2,333 craft next year.

f
P
t
i
,
A
F
U

INFLATIONARY TREND :

I
as
th,

Prices Increase on Haircuts; Expensive Proposition

wil
I rQ

By LEW HA
Inflation has crept into anot

res
MBURGER ha
sti
her aspect of American life. ho

A haircut is fast becoming an expensive proposition. In Ann #
Arbor prices on short, or "Princeton" cuts, have risen to $1.75, andI
several local barbers expressed the opinion that regular haircut pricesC -oou c
will jump again .next fall.
Detroit barbers took the initiative in this economic follow-the- otes T B
leader cycle, raising the prices of regular haircuts to $1.75, $2 Sat-V
urdays,
Establish $enefis. Another House
The Detroit move was an attempt to establish some sort of
retirement and paid vacation benefits, one Ann Arbor barber Inter-Cooperative Council board
commented. of directors voted unanimously
The exorbant Saturday prices are evidently an expression of yesterday to open negotiations foi
a desire for a five day working week, said the local friseur. . the purchase of a new co-op.
"Of course Ann Arbor barbers would favor such benefits," he The board is considering buying
said, "but barbers here can't get together on anything like that., one of several houses located near

,..-'

Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan