THfE 1 Cli1(iANIDAILY
TUESDAY, APRIL 26, 1955
TUESDAY, APRiL £6, 1955
Is U.S. Interested
In Formosa Talks?
"Look - Why Not Take A Penalty Stroke And
Get Back On The Fairway?"
E FORTS to find a peaceful solution to the
Formosan problem have been stalemated
again, this time by a Communist rejection o?
American terms for a conference on the crisis.
It seems as if the Reds are not really inter-
ested in a peaceful solution, which is hardly a
The Chinese Reds are no doubt quite con-
fident that they will start no world-wide strug-
gle by making a military bid for Quemoy and
Matsu, or even Formosa. The United States
has already shown enough readiness to aban-
don notions of defense in that area for the
Reds to have this feeling.
At the same time, it seems as if the United
States is not really interested in a peaceful
solution either. Her indicating a disposition to
stay out of the Formosan trouble is a kind of
invitation to the Reds to walk in unmolested.
In short, it is asking for trouble, "and puts
the Chinese Reds in a position of not having
tot worry whether there is ever a Formosan
IT IS easy for them to call American terms
"unacceptable." Furthermore, having al-
ready made any terms easily unacceptable, the
United States comes up with some that are
hard to accept. Washington must have been
aware that the Reds would not accept them
before they were made. It seems as if Wash-
ington does not really want a Formosan con-
We need not insist that Chiang Kai-shek be
present at the conference, especially since we
already know he wapts no part of a peaceful
solution. Nor need we demand an immediate
ceasefire in the Formosa Strait which Chiang
is more likely than the Reds to break anyway.
If we really wanted to hold a Formosan con-
ference to reach a peaceful solution, we would
make it somewhat easier for the Reds to accept.
There need not be too much worry, because
they probably would not accept anyway. At
least we could tell the world we had tried our
best, which we can hardly do now.
Not One Square Inch
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
ALTHOUGH some people may doubt it, Amer-
ca is still a land of courageous people. It just
takes the more serious things to bring out their
courage. Such as the war with Red China which
is expected in the next several weeks or so.
Some people want to stay out of it at all costs.
Most people do not want to start it. But the
chances are quite high that it's coming just
The question arises "Should we be willing
to fight over Quemoy and Matsu Islands?"
Certainly not, if we desire peace at all costs.
But if we desire peace at all costs, we should
not be willing to fight over Formosa either. Nor
over the Philippines for that matter. Nor Ha-
waii, nor Texas nor the city of Detroit.
BUT, if we have any courage or honor left in
our American blood at all, we should be
willing to fight over Quemoy and Matsu Is-
lands. Not because of its doubtful physical val-
ue, nor primarily because of its military impor.
tance although the United States military ex-
perts overwhelmingly agree that it is strategic-
ally important to the defense of Formosa. But
rather because we have already given the Com-
munists too much and too often. Not one more
square inch should they be given. Not one more
advance should they be allowed to make. It's
time we stopped appeasing the pirates of athe-
istic, communistic totalitarianism. It's time we
acted like Americans. Peace by appeasement
I'M PROUD to be an American. I want it to
be a country of which I can be proud. A coun-
try where appeasement of such vicious cut-
throats as the rulers of Red China is not toler-
ated. A country where peace is not bought at
the price of honor and liberty.
"Not one cent for tribute, nor one square inch
for appeasement" should be our battlecry. And
if it is necessary to fight, as it likely will be,
with God on our side we will be victorious.
And when we win, the back of atheistic,
communistic totalitarianism will be broken. Our
victory willhave restored the honor, the glory
and the courage to our country by which it has
been known in the past and by which it should
be known today. That is something that ap-
peasement can never accomplish.
SOME MAY CALL THIS warmongering, but
they are wrong. Rather than a desire to
fight, per se, it shows a willingness to fight when
honor and freedom are physically attacked by
totalitarianism. A truthful definition would be
"Putting back the backbone of courage and
honor into the American way of life from which
it has been stolen by the selfish cancer of ap-
TrlODA Y AND TOMORROW'
To the Editor:
THE LIGHT-HEARTED manner
in which Lew Hamburger
pokes fun at 'the New England
demonstration against horror com-
ics as a retention of the old Puri-
tan spirit may be good in its in-
tention: to preserve the democrat-
ic ideal of a free press; but the
facetious picture presented leaves
many harmfully b 1 a n k areas
which detract from the whole clear
view, and seems to whitewash the
role of the comics and their pub-
lishers a little too much.
In my attempt to fill in these
areas and present another facet
to the."why send Mickey Mouse to
the stake" question, I shall quote
facts as presented by Dr. Freder-
ick Wertham in the April 9 issue
of "The Saturday Review."
While Dr. Wertham may seem
too much the vigilante for some of
us in his campaign for government
legislation, the problems he pre-
sents cannot be cast off with a
combination of a wink and an edi-
First, Mr. Hamburger, your de-
nial of concrete proof that comic
books lead to immoral behavior
appears to be a denial of any cor-
relation between the frequent
newspaper accounts of unique and
highly imaginative method by
which children have been doing
in their playmates, parents, and
casual acquaintances, and the sub-
ject matter of those comics (other
than Mickey Mouse) in which "the
ingredients spelled out, pictured,
and glorified are violence, cruelty,
sadism, crime, beating, promiscu-
ity, sexual perversion, race hatred,
contempt for human beings, des-
criptions of every conceivable
crime, evry method of concealing
evidence, and every way to avoid
Then too, an argument frequent-
ly heard is the claim that only un-
stable children who are insecure,
or otherwise predestined or pre-
conditioned, are adversely affected
by comics. This is insidious and
untrue because you cannot cate-
gorically classify children as "sta-
ble" or "unstable." Every normal
child is immature, growing, and to
that extent unstable and vulner'-
As to depending on the ethics
of comic publishers in keeping
their books "clean," a quote from
a newsletter of Feb. 10, 1955, dis-
tributed to communications media,
states: "It is of no consequence
whether crime comics. are harmful
or not." And the same newsletter
goes on to pinpoint all that's
wrong: "The immediate enemy is
Frederic Wertham, not some other
publisher. He cannot be reasoned
with. He must be discredited and
rendered ineffective. This is a job
for the bomb-disposal squad, and
comic-book publishers should sit
down and decide what to do about
him. Will be go away? Probably
not. He must be knocked out."
Are those the publishers we are
to "request to control their edi-
tions," Mr. Hamburger? Doesn't it
seem doubtful that the comic czars
can be relied upon to exert a con-
trol which will be detrimental to
their own incomes?
It would seem that it is not an
inoffensive little mouse, but rath-
er a big, sharp-fanged rat, quite
capable of defending itself. It
would also seem that one's crying
for free expression should rest on
a fuller knowledge of existing con-
ditions. Now, could it not possibly
be that the book burning was not
so much the work of a Fascist
front organization, bent on de-
stroying free speech, as the effort
of a group of righteously indig-
nant citizens attempting to shat.
ter public complacency and indif-
ference to this threat to the minds
Openings on The Michigan
Daily are being filled for the
\ Editorial cartoonists
The positions are available
for the remainder of this semes-
ter, the summer session, and
Meeting for all interested
persons will be held at 4 and
7:30 p.m. tomorrow, and 4 p.m.
Thursday, in the Conference
room at the Student Publica-
dent Alben Barkley told his
old friend, Ex-President Harry
Truman, a story at a dinner last
week in Washington-a story with
a moral to it-about Westbrook
Barkley told about a column
Pegler had written which was very
unfair and which made him furi-
ous. So he sat down and wrote
Pegler a letter.
"It was quite a stinging letter,"
Barkley said. "I began it with
'Dear Peggie,' and ended it with
'If your syndicate gets what your
columns are worth, you'd be a
"But," continued Barkley, look-
ing at his old friend Truman, "I
never mailed it. Unlike you, Mr.
President, I never mail my letters.'
THE AMERICAN public may not
know it, but the power pendu-
lum is swinging over toward So-
viet Russia as far as air strength
Last May Day the Russians flew
a giant Jet Bomber, the size of a
B-36 over Moscow. It was their
first and only long-range Jet
bomber, known as type 37.
This May Day the Russians will
have 15 of these type 37 giant
jets. In contrast, we had two B-52
Jet Bombers of the same size a
year ago. Today we have only
three, In other words, the Rus-
sians are outproducing us 14 to
WHITE HOUSE Foreman Sher-
man Adams has come up with
a counterfeit Democrat to replace
Securities and Exchange Commis-
sioner Paul Rowen who made the
mistake, in Adams' eyes, of op-
posing the bitterly controversial
By law, Rowen's post must go
to a Democrat. The SEC is re-
quired to have two Democrats
and three Republicans-while the
GOP is in power.
However, Adams has picked a
synthetic Democrat, Connecticut's
ex-Congressman Johnny McGuire
who made a deal to support GOP
Governor John Lodge for re-elec-
tion. McGuire's reward was to be
a juicy job in Lodge's administra-
Unhappily for McGuire, however,
Democrat Abe Ribicoff defeated
Lodge for the governorship. And
McGuire became a lobbyist in
Washington. He represents Fran-
co Spain and the big natural gas
interests which are trying to over-
rule the Supreme Court and pre-
vent price regulation by the pow-
An independent quasi-judicial
agency, the SEC is no more sup-
posed to be run by the White
House than is the Supreme Court.
Yet Sherman Adams put pressure
on the Commissioners to approve
the Dixon-Yates contract, award-
ed without competitive bid to a
private power combine to supply
power for Oak Ridge, Tenn., and
Paducah, Ky., atomic plants.
However, Commissioner Rowen
defied the White House and, for
voting his convictions, will lose
(Copyright 1955, by the Bell Syndicate)
Editorials printed in The Mich-
igan Daily are written by mem--
hers of The Daily staff and rep-
resent the views of the writer
only. This must be noted in all
(Continued from Page 2)
eral Business; English; History; Band
Schoocraft, Michigan Schooeraft
Community School) - Teacher Needs;
Science-Mathematics; Shop and Agri-
culture; English; Vocal Music-Girl's
Physical Education or Art; Third Grade.
Stambaugh, Michigan (Stambaugh
Township Schools) - Teacher Needs:
H.S. Band Director and Instrumental
Music; Vocal Music.
For additional information contact
the Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Ad-
ministration Building, NO 3-1511, Ext.
Representatives from the following
will be at the Engrg. School:
Wed., April 27
Brunswick, Balke, Collender Co., Mus-
kegon 82, Mich. - B.S. & MS. Ind.,
Mech.; and Chem. E., U.S. citizens only,
for Research, Development, Testing
Present and New Products, Processing
Eaton Manufacturing Co., Foundry
Div., Vassr, Mich.-B.. & M.S. in
Mech. & Ind. E. plus at least one
course in Foundry for Foundry, Indus-
trial & Supervisory Training.
Thurs., April 28
Kearney & Treeker Corp., Milwaukee,
Fis.-all levels of Elect., & Mech. E
for Design, Development, and Sales.
Osborn Manufacturing Co., Cleveland.
Ohio-B.S. in Engrg. Mech, and Mech.
E. for Design and Sales.
National Aluminate Corp., Ann Ar-
bor, Mch.-B.S. or M.S. in Chem. E.
or Chem. for Sales Engrg., U.S. citi-
Jervis B. Webb Co., Detroit, Mich.-
B.S. or M.S. in Mech. or Ind. E. for
Kalamazoo Veg. Parchment Co., Kal-
amazoo, Mich.-B.S. or M.. in Mech. &
Chem. E. for Research, Process Engrg.,
Fri., April 29
Brookhaven National Labs., Upton,
N.Y.-all levels in Nuclear, Metal.,
Mech., Chem. E., & Physical Chem.,
U.S. citizens, for Research & Develop-
Gen'. Elect. Co., Transformer Div.,
Pittsfield, Mass. - PhD's only in all
Engrg. programs, Chem., and Physics
receiving degrees in August or Feb. for
Fundamental and Applied Research and
For appointments contact the Engrg.
Placement Office, 347 W. Engrg., ext.
The following will be at the Bureau
Wed., April 27
Lincoln Nat'I. Life Ins. Co., Ft. Wayne,
Ind.-men in LS&A and BusAd. for Un-
derwriting, Accounting, Auditing, Pol-
icyholders Service and other positions.
For appointments and additional in-
formation contact the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 371, 3528 Admin. Bldg.
Thurs., April 28-
Mich. Bell Telephone-women in any
field for Management Training.
Kalamazoo Vegetable Parchment Co.,
Kalamazoo, Mich.-men in LS&A and
BusAd for Sales and Management
Given Mfg. Co., Hdq. in Los Angeles,
Calif.-men in LS&A and BusAd for
Sales. (company manufactures Waste-
King garbage disposers)
Moorman Mfg. Co., Quincy, I1.-men
with any degree for Sales covering
Midwest area. (company manufactures
supplemental feeds for livestock and
Fri., April 29-
Wurzburg's Department store, Grand
Rapids, Michigan-men and women for
Managament Training Program and Ac-
For appointments and additional in-
formation contact the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 371, 3528 Admin. Bldg.
New England Mutual Life Insurance
interested in men for actuarial, group
insurance sales, and claim adjustment
United States Dept. of Interior, Fish
and Wildlife Service has vacgncies for
Assistant Refugee Managers, GS-5, men
with BS in Forestry or MS in Wildlife.
This call is from region 4 serving the
states of N.C., S.C., Ga., Fla., Ky., Tenn.,
Ala., Miss., Ark., La., and Va.
Upjohn Co, Kalamazoo, Mich., has a
vacancy in the Endocrinology Dept. for
a woman with a B.S. or M.S. with a sci-
ence background and registered or
trained in Medical Tech.
For further information contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Admin.
Bldg., Ext. 371.
Lecture, auspices of the Geology De-
partment. "Origin and Interpretation of
River Terraces." Prof. J. Hoover Mack-
in, University of washington. Mon.,
Apr. 25, 4:10 p.m., 2054 N.S.
Exchange Lecture, Vuspices' of the
English Department. Prof. Kathleen Co-
burn, Victoria College, University of
Toronto. "wordsworth and Coleridge."
Auditorium A, Angell Hall. 4:10 p.m.,
wed., April 27.
Doctoral Preliminary Examinations for
Students in Education will be held May
26, 27, and 28. Students who anticipate
taking these examinations must file
their names with the Chairman of Ad-
visers to Graduate Students, 4019 Uni-
versity High School, not later than
Mathematics Colloquium. Tues., April
26, at 4:10 p.m. in Room 3011 Angell
Hall. Prof. H. Samelson will speak "On
the Non-Commutativity of the Quater-
nions." Tea and coffee at 3:45 p.m. in
Seminar in Complex Variables will
meet Tues., April 26, at 2:00 p.m. in 247
West Engr. W. V. Caldwell will speak
on "The Subordination Principle,"
Zoology Seminar. Dr. Allen Keast,
Curator of Birds and Reptiles, Sydney,
Australia, will speak on "Bird Specia-
tion on the Australian Continent,"
Tues., April 26, at 4:15 p.m., in the
Museum Seminar Room.
Zoology Seminar. Edward J. Kormon-
dy will speak on "Studies in the Life
History, Morphology', and Ecology of
the Genus Tetragoneuria in Michigan
(Odonata: Libellulidae)" and Philip S.
Humphrey on "Relationships of the Sea
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Apr126. to 1408 Mason Hal. Time: 8:45
Student Recital. Grady Maurice Hin-
son, pianist, will present a program in
partial fulfillment of the requirements
for the Master of Music degree at 8:30
p.m. Tues., April 26, in Rackham As-
sembly Hall. Works by Bach, Franck,
Rieti, and Brahms. Open to the public.
Student Recital, Joanna Bail, pianist,
8:30 p.m., Wed., April 27, Rackham As-
sembly Hall, in partial fulfillment of
the requirements for the Master of Mu-
sic degree. Program: Scarlatti, Beetho-
ven, Brahm, and Arthur Shepherd,
open to the public. Miss Ball is a pupil
of Joseph Brinkman.
"Quemoy and Matsu-War or Peace?"
A faculty panel discussion with George
Kish, associate professor of geography,
and Claude S. Phillips, Jr., instructor in
political science. Tues., May 26, 8:00
p.m. Union, Room 3-G. Sponsored by
the Young Republican Club, and open
to the public,
Ind. Re. Club meeting Tues. at 7:30
p.m. in Bus. Ad. student lounge. Win.
-C. Thompson, Mgr. of Methods and
Stds., Argus, Inc. will discuss the im-
pact of Methods-Time Measurement on
Ilbor relations in his talk, "A New Look
at Labor Stds."
Russian dance group will meet to
room 3B of Michigan Union at 7:00
sigma Rho Tau required meeting to-
night from 7:00-8:15 p.m. in Room 3K
of the Union to choose speakers for the
National Contests. Also, Raconteuring,
Project, and Impromptu speeches.
Faculty Christian Fellowship-Consul-
tation with Dr. Harold Titus discussing
"The Christian Stake in Academic Free-
dom" and "The Role of the Christian
Professor in the State University." Din-
ner requires reservation. 5:00-8:00 p.m.
at First Congregational Church. Open
English Journal Club will meet at
8:00 p.m., Wed., April 27, in West Con-
ference Room, Rackham. Prof. Kathleen
Coburn of the University of Toronto
will speak on, "Coleridge's Notebooks
and Some Problems in Editing Them."
Discussion and refreshments.
Linguistics Club will meet at 7:30
p.m. Wed., April 27 in FEst Conference
Room, Rackham. Louis C. Rus will speak
on "A Linguistic Analysis Applied to
Poetry," and Prof. Sherman M. Kuhn on
"old English Short Diphthongs Since
1952: Everybody Gets into the Act."
Officers for next year will be elected. All
persons interested in the scientific study
of language invited.
Le Cercle Francais willmeet Wed.,
Apr. 27 at 8:00 p.m. in the Women's
League. Panel discussion on Moliere led
by Profs. Denkinger and Niess. Slides
Episcopal Student Foundation. Stu-
dent Breakfast at Canterbury House,
Wed., April 27, after 7:00 a.m. Holy Com-
Christian Faculty Luncheon with Dr.
Harold Titus representing the National
Council of Churches, Wed., Apr. 27,
12:10 p.m. at the Union. For reservation
call Lane Hall.
Undergraduate Zoology Club presents
"Pathologic Changes in Radiation In-
jury;" an illustrated lecture by Dr. A.
J. French, professor of pathology and
chief of clinical laboratories at Univer-
sity Hospital. Material for the lecture
is taken from the U.S. Army and Nvy
corps in radiation experiments and inf
Japan. Wed., April 27. 3:00 p.m., 1139
Blue Team Parade Meeting Wed., Apr.
27 in the League at 5:00 p.m. sharp. All
team members who would like to par-
ticipate must attend the meeting.
Blue Team Finance Committee, Wed.,
Apr. 27 ath7:30 p.m. in the Judiciary
Room of the League.
Agenda, Student Government Council,
April 27, 1955, Union, 7:30 p.m.
Student Housing Committee.
Committee to study driving regula-
Student Activities Building Report--
Activities Scholarship Board.
University of Free Berlin, Report.
Recognition of student organizations
in support of candidates for offices be-
lo wthat of President of the United
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Eugene Hartwig .....Managing Editor
Dorothy Myers..........City Editor
Jon Sobeloff ........Editorial Director
Pat Roelofs ..... .Associate City Editor
Becky Conrad ........Associate Editor
Nan Swinehart .......Associate Editor
David Livingston........Sports Editor
Hanley Gurwin ...Assoc. Sports Editor
A........Associate Sports Editor
Roz Shlimovitz...... Women's Editor
Janet Smith Associate Women's Editor
John Hirtzel ...,. Chief Photographer
Lois Pollak.........Business Manager
Phil Brunskinl, Assoc. Business Manager
Bill Wise........ Advertising Manager
Mary Jean Monkoski Finance Manager
Telephone NO 23-24-1
B' WALTER LIPPMANN
S INCE THE Soviet government announces
its decisions but does not explain them, the
motives and purposes of a change of position
are usually mysterious and always suspect. We
do nqt know why the Kremlin decided to do
when the four Foreign Ministers met in Ber-
this year what it refused to do a year ago
lin-namely to agree to an Austrian treaty
before there is a German settlement. We are
left to guess.
WHERE SHALL we begin? Assuming that
the agreement reached in Moscow is what
the Austrians believe it is, the question is
whether the Soviet government has made a
big concession. If it is giving up something
substantial, then what is it expecting to gek
Now the concession is a big one. In agree-
Ing to withdraw its troops from Eastern Aus-
tria, the Soviet Union gives up also its legal
right, agreed to by the Allied and associated
powers in the two peace treaties, to station
troops in Hungary and Romania. Under Articl
22 of the Hungarian treaty and Article 21 of
the Romanian "all Allied forces" must be "with-
drawn" subject to the right of the Soviet
Union to keep Soviet armed forces on the ter-
ritory of the two states "as it may need for the
maintenance of the line of communications of.
the Soviet army with the Soviet zone of occu-
pation in Austria."
The evacuation of Austria carries with it an
international treaty obligation to evacuate
Hungary and Romania as well. The parties to
these treaties are the Allied and associated
powers, including India, and the obligation
could not be circumvented by new bi-lateral
Soviet-Romanian and Soviet-Hungarian pacts,
IN COMING to its agreement with Austria,
the Soviet Union must surely have known
what was involved, and that assurances will
be asked about the withdrawal of the forces,
We are entitled, therefore, to look upon the
Soviet action, if it is implemented, as a big
act of appeasement in Europe.
Hungary will for the first time have a fron-
tier with non-Communist Europe, and Czecho-
slovakia will have a much longer frontier.Vi.
enna, which will be an unoccupied city, is
made up of people of whom a very large num-
ber have family or other personal connections
with the peoples of all the Danubian nations
which once belonged to the Austro-Hungarian
empire. An iron curtain will, of course, still
be there. But it will not be maintained by the
alien forces of the Red army .,.i.f
justify so big an act of appeasement, which
could justify the taking of such big risks by
the Soviet Union in the orbit of its satellites.
The two biggest developments of the year,
which are relevant, are the ratification of the
European agreements to rearm Germany and
to admit ther to NATO and, then, the growing
danger of war breaking out in the area of the
Formosa Strait. My guess is that the Austrian
decision is related to both of these develop-
ments but that the trigger-so to speak-which
set it off now is fear of war in East Asia.
I do not doubt, as the Soviet press has it-
self pointed out, that the Austrian agreement
is intended as a model for the Germans to imi-
tate. But I find it hard to believe that the
Kremlin would be givingup the bird it has in
its hand-namely thA Danube Valley-for the
sake of charming the two German birds which
are still in the bush.
THE EFFECT in Germany was no doubt an
important reason for the decision. But was
it a sufficient reason? Ever since the Paris
accords were ratified, the West Germans hava
been making it plain to all and sundry that
they are not going to rearm in a hurry, that
they will spend several years doing it, and that
they wish to negotiate with the Soviet Union
before they are rearmed. The German tied is
running strongly toward making German re-
armament and German membership in the
Western military system negotiable with the
Russians-and especially after Dr. Adenauer
retires. So I am not convinced that the Krem-
lin is taking such political risks in Eastern
Europe for the sole purpose of encouraging the
Germans in Bonn to go where they are already
starting to go.
It may be a wild guess, though I do not
think it is, that the Kremlin has decided for
appeasement in Europe in order to secure the
Soviet rear in case of war in East Asia. There
are some very silly and reckless men in Wash-.
ington who think that the Soviet Union could
and would stand by while we destroyed the
Chinese war potential with "precise" atom
bombs. In the Kremlin the choice of abandon-
ing China and becoming isolated on the one
hand, of a general war on the other, must seem
a deadly choice.
VENTURE to guess that we are witnessing
once again the classic Russian strategical ac-
tion-which is at all costs to avoid being in-
volved at the same time in a war both in Eur-'
ope and in East Asia. The threat of American
FACULTY INTERVIEW :
Hutt Answers Mental Illness Queries
(EDITOR'S NOTE: To answer some
common current questions about
mental disturbance and its treat-
ment, The Daily asked Prof. Max L.
Hutt of the psychology department to
express his ideas.)
1. Has the number of disturbed
people recently risen or fallen?
AS A conservative estimate, I
would say 25 per cent of the
population is losing considerable
efficiency, or has behavior pat-
terns which lead to difficulty with
families, friends or colleagues. Psy-
chotherapy could help very much
to aid in solving their problems.
2. How many people now in the
United States are so seriously
disturbed that they need psy-
THERE'S BEEN a relative in-
crease in the past century--
but not much of a significant in-
crease in the past 25 years. Bet-
ter communication has made such
MUCH OF this results from ig-
norance: although the gen-
eral attitude is now much more
rational than it used to be, the
anxiety people have about them-
selves prevents psychotherapists
from being as helpful as they will
5. What per cent of the dis-
turbed people are getting the
treatment they need?
ABOUT 75 per cent of those who
need hospitalization for seri-
ous conditions, especiallytpsycho-
tics, are getting it, but this isn't
the case with others. Less than
half of those who need hospital-
ization for less serious conditions
get it. An even larger number who
want private psychotherapy are
probably unable to obtain it.
6. What relationship is there
IES-we need much more gov-
ernmental assistance at the
national, state and local levels, and
also many more privately sup-
ported agencies and clinics. There's
room now for much more effort,
energy and funds to be .directed
for help for the mentally disturb-
ed. Government will have to spend
much more money for public men-
tal health-I hope more will be
made available for research on
causes and methods of treatment,
and for subsidization of training.
8. What kinds of institutions
provide most beneficial help?
PROBLEMS ARE much simpli-
fied without hospitalization,
which should be used as a last
resort. The vast majority of men-
tally-disturbed people would bene-
fit from outpatient or private
therapy. Psychotherapy shouldn't,
generally, be conducted in hospi-
tals, unless the condition is so