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April 23, 1955 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1955-04-23

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See Page 4




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Latest Deadline in the State


VOL. LXV, No. 139



Wolfson Admits
Defeat in Battle+
Avery Still Head of Mail Order
House Following Noisy Meeting
CHICAGO W) - Sewell Avery's tight grip on Montgomery Ward
and Co. slipped a bit yesterday, but not enough to lose control.
In a five-hour annual meeting marked by cheers, boos, cow bells
and angry disputes, stockholders of the big mail order company cast
their votes for directors to serve the next year.
Try Next Year

By The Associated Press
Time turns its annual spring
somersaults this Sunday, and
comes up with about half the
nation's population on a new
This year, the shift to "fast
time" will be made through-
out New England, New York,
New Jersey, Washington, D.C.,
Delaware, California and Ne-
vada, nearly all of Maryland
and Pennsylvania, most of Illi-
nois and Indiana, the north-
ern half of Ohio and a big
pocket in central Kentucky.
The rest of the country-the
South, the Great Central*re-
gion, most of the Western
states and the Northwest, will
adhere to regular time.

No stractNehru
Freedom,' i~ir

Tells Conference

Selsam Says
T T Ti 1"(l "I/i..t

We stern


Louis Wolfson, who had challenged Avery's control, admitted he
didn't have enough votes to elect a majority. But he said he'd try
again next year.
"We came in here with three directors and everything depended
upon what happened here," Wolfson said. "It looks as if they (the
Avery management) will win."
Late yesterday Avery issued a statement saying his management
had retained control with more than 70 per cent of the votes.
O All nine of Ward's directors were
up for election. To gain control
K e a majority of five wasneeded.
Directors elect the chairman.
Heretofore, all directors have been
Uded pro-Avery.
"Win Next Year"
jl 1 y Asked it he thought he'd win
next year, Wolfson replied, "It's a
A ~ 'ort DiX cinch after what I've seen here

Urges leaching , YTX-./ w.,I
Marxist Doctrine
Calling for people to concern
themselves with realities, Prof. rs u
Howard Selsam of the Jefferson
School of Social Science said there
is "no right to freedom \in the ab-
In an Academic Freedom Week
speech sponsored by the Labor
Selsam said the only freedoms ared
those people have struggled for.
Struggle For Knowledge
"Academic freedom is the strug- eT' I ia
gle for knowledge," he continued. New Trial
Students have had to struggle for
the right to study Galileo. In 1706
Harvard students had to struggle.Matisow Upsets
to be taught Newtonian physics,
he commented. ConspiracyvTrial
"Today," the Jefferson School
director commented, "the only
question of academic freedom is NEW YORK (M - Turnabout
the right of students to study witness Harvey Matusow's "pro-
Marxism." pensity to lie" yesterday upset the}
Know Both Sides cdnviction and imprisonment ofj
"If you want to know what a
party teaches," .e added, "you two of the nation's second-string
have to go to them. People have Communist leaders.
the right to know both sides. Sentences of 11 others were al-'


Warring Policies


Jack Kelsey, '55BAd, a February
graduate and former administra-
tive vice-president of the Inter-
House Council, died yesterday at
Fort Dix, N. J.
His parents were at his Post
Hospital bedside when he died un-
expectly of meningitis at 5:30
a.m., two days after being admit-
The 22-year-old GI from Wells-
ville, N. Y. had started basic Army
training at the camp only six
weeks ago.
News of Kelsey's death stunned
many University officials with
whom he had worked, as well as
... former student
the residents and staff of Gom-
berg House where he lived while
Dean of Men Walter B. Rea, fa-
culty associate of Gomberg House,
said, "Jack was one of the most
representative and outstanding
students of Michigan.
"His unusual personality and
ability to organize and direct ac-
tivities earned him the respect of
all those who knew him and work-
ed with him," Dean Rea contin-
ued. "His death is most untime
Extolled As "Promising"
Commenting that he could not
get over. the shock of Kelsey's
death, Prof. Peter A. Ostafin, As
sistant to Dean of Men Rea, said
"He was one of the brightest, most
modest and most promising young
men I've known in many years."
Probably greatest stunned by
the death were members of Gom-
berg who knew Kelsey during his
four years in the house.
Death Shocks Gmberg
Edith Lynch, associate resident
advisor of the house, remarked of
Kelsey's "responsibility and great
leadership qualities" and said,
"Jack was looked up to by all
the men in Gomberg. His death
comes as a shock to all of us."
Kelsey held many house offices
and was president of South Quad-
rangle Council last year, prior to
his election as IHC vice-president.
In the words of Mrs. Lynch, he
had "an outstanding academic re-
cord." Kelsey was a drummer' in
the Marching Band while. he at-
tended the University.
IHC presiaent-elect Tom Bleha,
'56, said "Jack always got a job
done and at the same time main-

Asked if he planned to retire,
Avery replied, "if I am undesir-
able I will step down very readily.
If I am considered unworthy of
the job I will cheerfully retire."
Avery told the audience he was
82 years old. "Who's Who" lists
him as having been born Nov. 4,
1873, which would make him 81.
"My health is very good," Av-
ery said. "My. head is no better
than before."
Questioning Held
Purpose of the questioning ap-
peared to be to prove Avery was
not fit to run the company. At one
point Wolfson, 43 years old, left
the floor and went to the press
room to write out a statement.
Edmund A. Krider, president of
the company, said in a statement
-after the meeting:
"The unruly bitterness of Wolf-
son and his group expressing it-
self in personal attacks on Avery
has finally disclosed the true na-
ture of those who tried to seize
control of this institution.
By The Associa$ed Press
DETROIT-A prompt mediation
move followed a breakdown of
negotiationstat'the Parke, Davis
& Co. Detroit plant, a major pro-
ducer of the Salk polio vaccine,
although no immediate walkout
was threatened.
The situation involved 2,000 em-
ployes of Parke, Davis who are
members of the CIO Oil, Chemi-
cal and Atomic Workers. At is-
sue are demands for a guaran-
teed annual wage and a 10-cent
hourly pay raise.
* * *
LAS VEGAS, Nev.-A mock city
will be blasted by next Tuesday's
atomic explosion.
Preparations are already well
under way for the big civil de-
fense test shot, to be set off be-
fore dawn atop a 500-foot tower
on Yucca Flat.
WASHINGTON - The touch
and go political crisis in South
Viet Nam was aired fully before
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
high state and defense officials
yesterday by Gen. J. Lawton Col-

A-ide Called
Do-Good er'
Attorney Charles C. Lockwood,
counsel for Jesse Rutherford in
Rutherford's suspension hearing
Thursday, said last night the for-
mer Veterans Administration Hos-
pital aide is a "do-gooder."
According to the Detroit attor-
ney, Rutherford was very active in
church affairs in Willow Village,
where he lives. However, the for-
mer aide "got in people's hair."
Rumors Circulated
Because of this, Lockwood said
when contacted at his home, some
Willow Village residents began to
circulate rumors labelling Ruther-
ford a Communist. This eventually
led, the attorney continued, to the
statement from the VA suspending
Rutherford was his position Dec.
When Lockwood first looked into
the case, he said, he found Ruther-
ford's only fault was that he
"mixed into things. However, he
is not a Communist."
Rutherford ran for office on
the Progressive Party ticket in
1948 and 1952. He only. spent $40
in his 1952 campaign for the state
legislature, Lockwood said.
Interested In Issues
Rutherford's only interest in
the party came from its anti-poll
tax, anti-lynching and anti-segre-
gated school planks, the attorney
Decision of the three-member
board which headed the hearing
will be reviewed by VA authorities
in Washington. Final decision
should be made in about two
weeks, Lockwood said. a
"The board was very fair,"
Lockwood concluded.

"There can not be proper teach-
ing," he emphasized, "without
Marxists being allowed to teach in
the classroom."
Speaking of the present situa-
tion, Prof. Selsam said "It isn't
enough for a teacher not to be a
Marxist. He must prove he is anti-
Marxist." He said some teachers;
avoid reading books they fear will
prove to be of dubious background
in the future.
Banking Interests
Prof. Selsam observed that many
American universities are con-
trolled by big banking and cor-
poration interests. "Might they not
have a big stake in a war with
Formosa?" he asked. "Might they
not have a big stake in continuing
segregation against the Negro?"
Summing up reasons for aca-
demic freedom, Prof. Selsam said
"Not only must academic freedom
be extended to Marxists, but it
cannot be taken from them with-
out destroying the,'fabric of our
whole intellectual life."
In a lively question period, he
commented, "Marxists will most
certainly not violently overthrow
t h e i r government," Comparing
D1arxists to American revolution-
ists, he said Marxists advocate no
more than did the founders of the
United States.

lowed to stand.
A new trial was ordered for the
pair-Alexander Trachtenberg, 68-
year-old Communist party educa-
tor and George Blake Charney,
47, Red trade union secretary for
New York. Both are Russian-born.
- Matusow spent eight days on the FOUNDERS' DAI
witness stand at their 1952-53
trial. Without his perjured testi- )
mony, trial Judge Edward J. Di-u
mock ruled, Trachtenberg andc
Charney might never have beenI
convicted of conspiring to teach;A O '
and advocathe government r

-Daily-Sam Ching
eg ree

Federal Judge Dimock, in grant-
ing a new trial, called Matusow
a liar coming or going or both-
when he testified as an anti-
Communist witness at the trial
and later when he recanted the
testifony and joined in the Reds'
plea for a new trial.
"Matusow is a completely Irre-f
sponsible witness," Judge Dimock
added in a scathing denunciation
of the stocky, 28-year-old self-
confessed liar, who helped the gov-
ernment place the Red brand on
numerous targets.
Judge Dimock cleared the gov-
ernment'strial attorneys-includ-
ing Roy J. Cohn-of Matusow's 3
charge that they egged him into
perjury to nail down a conviction.
Matusow's Idea
It was Matusow's own idea,#


H~qlll~lnty f Rtbfl T li 1lnctl

T .1 .Yn "Ri w.nnb t.niA Thn ir m Fh 1-

""111111 1 "ILR J OAA OA A
The banning of scholar Russell letter expressed concern about the
Kirk's book, Academic Freedom, "administrative attitudes" and the I
from the University of Nevada li- atmosphere of distrust that
brary early this month was re- must have caused the "suppres-
vealed by a letter of protest from sion of the book."
two students of that university to In his work, writer Kirk dis-!
its Board of Regents. cusses none too happily the dis-
According to the letter, the Di- missal of Prof. Frank Richardson
rector of Libraries of that univer- by University of Nevada President
sity declared that "because of the Minard W. Stout.
nature of the situation," he could Following a reduction of enroll-
not allow the book to circulate. To ment requirements by President
remove it from the library's Stout early in 1952, Prof. Richard-
shelves, he purchased it himself son procured and distributed cop-
from the library, ies of an essay by University of
Immediately after the book's Illinois P r o f . Bestor criticising
removal, its index card was de- "decay of regular disciplines in
stroyed. American colleges."
Concern Expressed s Prof. Richardson was then sum-
The authors of the protesting moned to a conference with Presi-
dent Stout. In his book, Kirk re-
corded a part of this interview.
Stout said: "In case there is any
individual who feels he has to
stir ... up . . . departmental fric-
tion ... , then he is going to leave
the faculty. I want it very clear
". that there is not to be another -in-
stance like this (the distribution
of the essay) either above board or.
under cover,"

Judge Dimock saiu. Te worst that
can be said of the prosecutors, the
judge added, was that they were
"credulous"-too ready to accept
Matusow's testimony.- .
Judge Dimock said he ,let the.
verdicts against the 11 other Com-
munists stand because he felt
they would have been convicted
even without Matusow's testimony.
With the 11 other second-string
Communist leaders, TrachtenbeiV
and Charney went to prison last!
January. Trachtenberg is serving
three years in a Springfield, Mo.,,
federal prison, Charney two years
in Lewisburg, Pa.
Their lawyer sought their im-
mediate release. Their bail was
fixed at $5,000 each. When posted
it will mark the first time that
Matusow's recantation has open-
ed prison gates for convicted Reds.

By DONNA HANSON ter all on the equation of the in-
Wilber M. Brucker, '16L, form- Quadrangle.
er Michigan governor and present Brucker, the main speaker of
general counsel for the Depart- the evening, who worked 14. years
ment of Defense, was granted an ' on ethical standards in . law, is
honorary Doctor of Laws degree the chairman of the Committee
by the University last night. on Professional Ethics of the
Conferring the degree upon American Bar Association. After
Brucker were Marvin L. Niehuss, World War I, he became attor-
vice-president and dean cr fac- ney general for the State of- Mich-
ulties and E. Blythe Stason, Dean igan, and later its 32nd gover-
of the Law School. The presenta- nor.
tion was made at the 27th Found- Freedom Preserved
ers' Day program which annually Speaking to an audience of pres-i
honors William W .Cook, '82, who ent and past Law Club members
on "Our Nation's Defense," Bruck-
1800 ; er pointed out how the "spark of
1 R I Students freedom" has been preserved in
the world for 60 centuries. He said
T* *H rit has persisted since the time of
To Visit Here a man who once said, "The meek
shall inherit the earth.
An estimated 1,800 students! Brucker mentioned "our na-
from nearly 200 Michigan and tion's physical defense which in-
Ohio high schools, will meet here eluded a strong, military power.
today for the annual University This power can all be quickly
Day program, concentrated and prepared for
The program will open in Hill one moment, the moment, of an
Auditorium at 9 a.m. with a wel- attack. Economic defense includes
come address by University Presi- balancing our budget so that every
dent Harlan H. Hatcher and songs dollar can go to defense, and not;
by the Men's Glee Club. to payrollers."
Visitors will tour the campus in Internal Security '
small groups led by University stu- Another important aspect of
dents and hear a mock lecture as "Our Nation's Defense" Brucker
a demonstration lecture by a Uni- contended is controlling the en-
versity professor from 10 a.m. to emies from within our country.
noon. He stated, "we must have internal
Luncheon will be served to the security in our government. It
students at residence halls, fra- has to entrust its greatest secrets
ternities and sororities from noon to people who work for the na-
to 1 p.m. tion. With this in mind, the gov-
A mixer at 3 p.m. in the Michi- I ernment. should make careful
gan Union will close the day's pro- checks of every one working with
gram. 'and for the government."

India Leader
During Talk
'Must Reduce
World Tension'
BANDUNG, Indonesia (P) -
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
told the Asian-African conference
yesterday both the Soviet and
Western blocs are wrong, pursuing
policies that "are leading us to
the brink of war."
NATO, the 14-hation North At-
lantic Treaty Organization, came
in for special condemnation. The
Indian neutralist leader called it
"one of the most powerful protec-
tors of colonialism, though it was
created for self'defense."
Coexistence Necessary
"The only way to bring peace
into the world is to reduce the
area of tension through coexist-
ence," he said.
Nehru's speech yesterday put
him on record as opposing both
NATO and SEATO, the Southeast
Asia collective security organiza-
tion. The United States has taken
the lead in pushing both as bul-
warks against Communist expan-
sion in opposite parts of the world.
Long struggling in the back-
ground to keep the first interna-
tional parley of 29 Asian and Af-
rican countries from bogging down
over ideologies, Nehru finally took
the spotlight in the Political Com-
mittee yesterday.
"Shouldn't Take Sides"
"We should not take any sides
in the cold war," he said.
Turkey and Pakistan defended
their alliances with the West.
A nine-nation subcommittee had
just deadlocked on a resolution-
proposed by Iran and other West-
ern-minded powers - to put the
conference on record as denounc-
ing colonialism "in any form.,.
including international doctrines
resorting to method4 of force, in-
filtration and subversion."
The resolution didn't name
Communism, but Red China's
Premier Chou En-lai. and'Nehru's
righthand man, V. K. Krishna
Menon, evidently wanted no part
of it.
Chou, who answered one Cey-
lonese anti-Communist blast with
an appeal for harmony, advocated
a generalized statement expressing
support of the United Nations
charter section on human rights of
dependent peoples, a conference
source said.
Condemns Subversion
Menon declared condemnation
of subversive doctrines did not be-
long in a resolution of colonialism.
The subcommittee,- after argu-
ing more than two hours, recessed
until today. The conference, pro-
moted by Nehru and four other
South Asian premiers, is due to
end tomorrow.
The full Political Committee
turned to consideration of world
peace and cooperation. It received
a batch of resolutions which draft-
ing groups will attempt to whip
into a single document acceptable
to all.
Phi Beta Key
Given To 94
During Phi Beta Kappa's recent
dinner, 94 students were initiated.
Literary College juniors include
Philip M. Breen, Allan G. Clague,
Robert M.. Cutler, Andrew C.
Dempster, Richard B. Eisenstein,

I Cathy E. King, Conrad A. Proctor,
Betty-Ann Rosenfel, Harvey J.
Stapleton, and James D. Stasheff.
Literary College Seniors include



Stevens Regrets Loss of Genial Air
B- the grocery division stopped He said a large Co-op movement:
There's something missing in operations on April 9 - and the in Detroit, sponsored by UAW-

Kirk also wrote that following
a hearing before the University of
Nevada Board of Regents, Prof. 1
Richardson, on charges of "in-
subordination" and "uncoopera-
tiveness," was dismissed.
In 1954, seven months after
Prof. Richardson's firing, the Ne-
vada Supreme Court ordered him
reinstated in the University.
Comparing President Stout's ac-
tion to the dismissal of University
of Chicago 'T'ess Director W. T.
Couch by Chancellor Robert M.1

Ann Arbor, fuel oil business, set up later in+
Something which provided its Co-op history, is being sold.
500 members and patrons what Prof. Stevens attributes the Co-
op's demise to the "prosperity and!
Prof. A. K. Stevens of the English political climate of conformity you
department calls "the genial coun- find around here these days. Peo-+
try-store atmosphere, where you ple don't have to save money so
could go arid lean against the closely any more.
50 Per Cent Faculty
fixtures and talk to your friends. In its 19-year history, Coop
"Now," he added, his smile di- e, d"
-imembership, "yrounding out," Prof. {
minishing, "'you buy food at big Stevens estimated, "to about 500",.
supermarkets-and seeing some- has been composed of about '50
body there you know is pretty percent University faculty mem-
Founded in 1936 bers. Among its active support-I
FStevnsrre d hemrs. Prof. Stevens cited Prof. E.1
Prbof. Stevens referred to the Lowell Kelly of the psychology de-
Ann Arbor Cooperative Society, partment, current president of the
Incorporated - an organzation cet Prof Richard Boys of the

I -

tive-but in this case the union
members failed to transmit their
enthusiasm for Co-op buying to
their wives."
Holding Company Policy
At this point the Co-operative's
Board of Directors, elected an-
nually, has adopted a supervisory
holding company policy, specifying
any activity in its name will have
to pay its own way, showing good
promise of succeeding.
Co-op membership costs $10 pers


CIO officials failed after the war
because of "largely the same rea-
sons our group has become inac-


voting share, with $50 required for "Phyllis E. Ash, Eugene H. Axelrod,
sharing in refunds. - . ,John C. Baity, Jon D. Bass, El-
Prof .Steven thinks the food eanor S. Beebe, Joseph M. .Bick-

: ._ . ' " oo


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