I- . .. MIR,
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXV, No. 129
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, APRIL 12, 1955
i i i i ini u r l
-Daily-Esther Goudsmit --Daily-Esther Goudsmit
TODD LEIF BOB BLOSSEY
.. top Union officer ... executive secretary
Union o Be Led
By Leif, Blossey
The Michigan Union will enter its second half centu
thm lpa~ i of 'Todd Leif '56 andiBob Biosey, 56BA
Ld, it was~
-e ernp o LVU d1 ulluAO JW
announced last night.
Leif will take over from retiring Union president, Tom Leopold,
'5Z, and Blossey replaces Dick Pinkerton, 55, as executive secretary.
Appointment of Leif as the organization's 51st president cli-
maxes a period of three years of work on the student staff for the
A dlai Raps
In Straits Asked
CHICAGO (M)-Adlai Stevenson
said last night the Eisenhower ad-
ministration's Far Eastern policy
has gotten the United States into
a position where it faces "either
another damaging and humiliat-
ing retreat, or else the hazard of
He said he has "the greatest mis-
givings about risking a third world
war in defense of" Quemoy and the
Matsu Islands, Chiang Kaishek's
Nationalist outposts off the Red
Stevenson said in a broadcast
on two nationwide radio networks
that the Eisenhower administra-
tion is "pursuing a dead-end pol-
icy in Asia," whichdhe said was
dictated by political expedience at
The 1952 Democratic presiden-
tial candidate said dissension with
America's allies over our policy
in regard to the two islands-"the
weakening of the grand alliance of
free nations pledged to stand to-
gether to defend themselves, is in
my judgement a greater peril to
enduring peace than the islands
He said the United States should
enlist other nations in "an open
declaration condemning the use of
force in Formosa Strait."
He said Soviet Russia should be
invited "to declare its position," to
indicate whether it prefers the
possibility of ultimate settlement
by agreement to an unpredictable,
perhaps limitless conflict."
He said the United Nations Gen-
eral Assembly also should seek a
solution to the Formosa conflict.
Speaking in response to what he
said were requests for his views on
the Administration's Far East pol-
icy, Stevenson said he believes it
is "based more on political diffi-
culties here at home than the re-
alities of our situation in Asia."
Women working on the cur-
rent Gilbert and Sullivan pro-
duction have been granted a
12:30 late permission for last
night and tonight by the Dean
of Women's Office.
Aid to Asia
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower an-
nounced yesterday he will sub-
mit to Congress next week a
foreign aid program "includ-
ing economic aid to the free
nations of south and east Asia."
The President issued a state-
ment stressing this country's
intention to help Free Asia. His
statement coincided with the
gathering of delegates to the
Committee To Consider
Report It Works
8-9 Times in 10
Vaccine Conpletely Safe-Francis;
Polio Fight Enters Final Stage
By LEE MARKS
Salk vaccine works.
After months of anticipation, an anxious world today
heard Dr. Thomas Francis, Jr. report that the vaccine is
between 80 and. 90 per cent effective.
It is . absolutely safe.
Speaking at a meeting of more than 500 scientists and
physicians, Dr. Francis claimed the vaccine had produced "an
extremely successful effect" among bulbar patients in areas
where vaccine and a harmless substitute had been used in-
There is now no doubt that the fight against polio is
nearing an end. Children can definitely be; inoculated su&
cessfully against the crippling effects of paralytic polio, Dr.
DR. THOMAS FRANCIS JR. (left) AND DR. JONAS E. SALK (right)-Dr. Francis reported suc-
cess of Salk vaccine to scientists and newsmen today after months of intensive statistical analysis.
Dr. Slk made medical history by discovering the first effective means of preventing paralytic polio.
MSC Name Change Bill
Another round in the Michigan State name change battle will be
fought in the state legislature today.
Delayed since last Wednesday when the University introduced a 26
page legal brief protesting a change, the issue will now be debated
within the Senate's Judiciary Committee.
There were two developments inO
Chesser Campbell, '21, a for-
mer Daily editor, has been named
to head the vast empire of the
Chicago Tribune, succeeding the
late Col. Robert R. McCormick.
A Tribune employee for 34
years, Campbell served as both
news and city editor on The Daily.
Last week he was elected presi-
dent of the Tribune Company,
which controls both the Chicago
newspaper and the New York Dai-
ly News, as well as lumber and pa-
per interests in Canada.
Recalls Daily Experienc
ICampbell rose in the Tribune's
advertising department, thoughi
his experience at The Daily was
on the editorial staff. Contacted in
Chicago, he said yesterday his
Daily work, covering most of a
very active college career, was
"It was just hard work. We
were often up late at night, but it
was one of the best experiences
I've had," he commented.
Beginning on The Daily as a cub
reporter, the 57-year-old Sault
Ste. Marie native interrupted his
days at the University with a year-
and-a-half in +he Navy.
His other activities at Michigan
included Union Opera and Michi-
gan Athletic Association publicity
for two years, Michigamua sen-
ior honor society, Sigma Delta Chi
A Phi Beta Kappa graduate,
Campbell also participated in jun-
ior varsity football.
"I think The Daily is one of the
outstanding college papers," the
new Tribune chief added. As for
his plans, he said, "We're just go-
ing on the way we have been go-
Michigan's Highway Department
is considering an alternative to
the previously proposed Flat
Running from Detroit to Bay
City, the road is expected to cost
less, while serving the same traf-
State Highway Commissioner
Charles M. Ziegler recently an-
20-year-old Glencoe, Ill. English
Blossey, a 21-year-old Business
Administration major from ,De-
troit, has worked for a slightly
The announcement of ap oint-
ments'was made slightly after 11
p.m. last night after a period of
several hours of interviewing and
deliberation by the Selections Sub-
committee of the Union Board of
The new officers will be offi-
cially initiated at the annual
Union banquet, to be held at the
Union Wednesday night. The for-
mal oath of office will be admin-
istered by Assistant to the Pres-
ident Erich A. Walters, University
President Harlan H. Hatcher will
address the gathering.
Leif's work in student activities
and appointment to the Union's
executivepcouncil earned him
membership in Sphinx, junior
men's honorary, last spring..
A member of Zeta Beta Tau fra-
ternity, henhas served this year
as chairman of the Public Rela-
Blossey this year has been ac-
tive as chairman of the Union's
campus affairs committee, in ad-
dition to his service on the execu-
tive council. Hie is a resident of
Scott House in South Quadrangle.
forthcoming Afro-Asian confer- the legal questions concerning the
ence at Bandung. name change bill last week.C
First, State Attorney General
Thomas M. Kavanaugh ruled that
Plane Lost a switch in MSC's name from Col- OK Charter
lege to University was constitu-Er
Iart m 12 - Elect Browni
'U' Legal Views
" Last Tuesday the University pre-
R ed Chi e e sented its own legal views on the Ann Arbor voters gave th
i_ -,overwhelming approval to the ne
SINGAPORE, M) - Ships and
planes searched a wide area of the
South China Sea today for a miss-
ing Indian airliner with 19 per-
The 12 passengers were reported
to be a Red Chinese delegation, in-
cluding lesser officials and news-I
men, to next week's African-Asian
conference in Bandung, Indonesia.
The plane, a four-engined Con-
stellation, belonged to Air India
International, is owned by the
Indian government. It was be-
lieved to have crashed last night
near the Great Natuna Islands,
250 miles northeast of Singapore.
The airliner was chartered to the
Red Chinese and piloted by Capt.
Jatar, senior officer of the Indian
One report in more general
terms said the plane was believed
to have crashed 100 miles off Sar-
awak, British crown colony on the
island of Borneo.
The airliner took off yesterday
morning from Hong Kong for Ja-
karta, Indonesia. Shortly after
making radio contact with Jakarta
the plane began sending distress'
signals. It was already hours over-
due at its first stop, Kuching, in
matter signed by Professors P. G.c hth
Kauper, S. C. Oppenheim, and ty
Dean Blythe Stason of the lawb
school. Adopted by slight
The brief said that a name three to one margi
switch would "constitute an ille- proposal carried all1
precincts by wide m
gal infringement on the name of I Atec hecsb metm
the University of Michigan." At the same time
liam E. Brown, Jr.,
"The proposed name MSU would his sixth term as
be so similar to the name U-M as I mayor. Prof. A. D.
to cause confusion and result in engineering college
infringement" the brief said. It council presidency.
ddedPr that the state laws nrotect
April 4 elec-
ly less than a
n. the charter
15 of the city's
e, Mayor Wil-
was elected to
Moore of the
won the city
Expansion of Women's
Government at 'U' Told
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is first in a series of interpretive articles on
women's student government. Today's article deals with the history of the
By PHYLLIS LIPSKY
Women's student government had its beginning at the University
in 1890, when a small group of students and Ann Arbor women got
together to form the Women's League.
Expansion since that time has resulted in the creation of three
the right and interest in a corpo-.
As to "the spirit and purpose of
Article XI of the Constitution" the
brief stated that it was the consti-I
tutional purpose "to create for this
state but a single university-one
which is seven times referred to
in the Constitution as the 'univer-
sity', the governing body of which
is designated as a 'body corporate'
called the Regents of the Universi-
ty of Michigan."
Sen. Harry Hittle (R.E. Lan-
sing), chairman of the Judiciary
committee, postponed action on the
bill until today to give the legalj
brief further consideration.
If approved by committee, the
bill then must still be passed byl
the Senate as a whole.
Gain One, Lose One
In races for council seats, the
Democrats had to settle for trad-
ing their Fifth.Ward seat for one
in the, Fourth Ward. W. Orval
Bunton (D) defeated incumbent
Russell H. Howard (R) in the
Fourth Ward while Dean W. Cos-
ton (D) lost his bid for re-election
to Dr. David G. Dickinson (R).
The same kinti of thing hap-
pened in the county Board of Su-
p e r v i s o r s elections. Incumbent
Jack J. Garris (D) lost his Third
Ward seat to Bent F. Nielson (R),
but Donald C. Pelz (D) upset C.
Ludwig Schneider (R) in the
Republicans took the balance of
council and supervisor posts. Nor-
man J. Randall (R) was re-elected
to his First Ward council seat,
while Fitch D. Forsythe (R) won
the First Ward supervisor contest.
See LOCAL, Page 6
Francis' report proved.
Dr. Francis delivered his his-
toric 113 page report at a meeting
at Rackham Lecture Hall, spon-
sored jointly by the National
Foundation for Infantile Paraly-
sis and the University of Michi-
Financed by close to one million
dollars in March of Dimes funds,
Dr. Francis' report brought to an
end months of speculation and an-
One fear voiced by some scien-
tists turned out to be unfounded.
The vaccine was termed "incredi-
Reactions were nearly negligible
with only 0.4 per cent of the vac-
cinated children suffering minor
reactions. A amazingly small per
cent (0.004-0.006) suffered major
A second concern, persistence;
of protection, also appeared un-
founded. Dr. Francis' report de-
clared, "The effect was maintained
with but moderate decline after
five months," when good antibody
responses were obtained from vac-
The report showed several sig-
nificant auxiliary findings. The
vaccine's effectiveness was more
clearly seen w h e n measured
against the more severe cases of
Findings. in Canada and Fin-
land support the report, although
data was limited.
Only one out 233 innoculated'
children developed the disease
while eight out of 244 children re-
ceiving placebo (a harmless sub-
stitute) contracted the disease
from family contact, showing that
the vaccinations protected against
A total of 101'3 cases of polio de-
veloped during the study period
out of a test group of 1,829,916
Where vaccine was interchanged
with an inert substance, in place-
bo control areas, 428 out of 749,-
236 children contracted the disease.
In observed control areas where
only second graders were inocu-
lated, 585 out of 1,080,680 children
Only 33 inoculated children re-
ceiving the complete vaccination
series became paralysed in place-
bo areas as opposed to 15 chil-
dren who had not received inocu-
Statistics were similar in ob-
served areas where 38 cases of polio
developed among inoculated chil-
dren as against 330 cases of paral-
ysis in uninoculated children.
Only one child who had been in-
oculated with vaccine died of
polio. This death followed a ton-
sillectomy two days after the sec-
ond injection of the vaccine in an
area where polio was already prev-
Trial areas selected for testing
vaccine turned out to be the best
possible. It was found that there
En dof Fight
The report given today by Dr.
Thomas Francis Jr. does not, as
many people think, mark the end
of the long fight against paralytic
Rather, medical men including
Dr. John Enders of Harvard Uni-
versity, contend that the struggle
is now only entering the terminal
stage--the end may be in sight
but it is yet a long way off.
First problem is getting the vac-
cine licensed by the National In-
stitute of Health. Quick approval,
Although pharmaceutical com-
panies have been producing and
stockpiling vaccine for months, it
will be some time,-estimates range
as high as 15 years before everyone
can be innoculated.
Public health officials through-
out the country have been making
plans to institute speedy innocu-
Engleke Tells Plans
According to Washtenaw Coun-
ty Health Director Otto Engleke,
plans have been set up to innocu-
late all first and second grade
school children in the county.
Vaccinations will be adminis-
tered without charge starting the
last week in April or the first week
in May, depending upon when vac-
cine is available.
The Washtenaw County plan
calls for cooperation between many
Physicians to Give Shots
Practicing physicians with pos-
sible help from resident physicians
at University Hosptial will admin-
ister the shots.
Volunteer workers will be pro-
vided by the local chapter of the
National Foundation for Infan-
tile Paralysis while St. Josephs
Hospital will sterilize equipment.
County Medical Society will
sponsor the vaccination program
and organization will be taken
over by the Health Department.
Completed by June
Dr. Engleke has predicted the
vaccination program can be com-
pleted by early June.
Salk vaccine calls for three sep-
arlte innoculation shots.-The sec-
ond follows the first by one week
with the last shot coming one
month after the second.
It is not known yet whether a
booster shot is required or how long
the first innoculation will provide
,. Ar oa
separate organizations, with legis-<
lative and judicial branches.
In addition to the League, to
which every co-ed oiA campus now
belongs automatically, Panhellen-
ic and Assembly Associations form
separate organizations of affili-
ated and independent women.
Women's Judiciary supervises the
work of numerous house judic
groups and every house council
sends representatives to the Wom-
First Woman Admitted in 1870
Women were first admitted to
the University in 1870 when one
coed. Madelon Stockwell, attended.
When the League was formed 20
years later there was still no such
thing as approved housing for
By 1894 there were 800 women
on campus, 352 of whom were
SPONSORED BY NFIP-
Key Figures Who Participated in Polio Fight
I y is r