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March 31, 1955 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1955-03-31

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See Page 4


Latest Deadline in the State

:43 iiy



VOL. LXV, No. 127



Salk Polio Test
Claimed Success
Evaluation Center Director Francis
Squelches NY Paper's Report
Excitement shot through the nation yesterday when a New York
newspaper declared the Salk polio vaccine had been found 100 per
cent effective.
"Not one child who received the Salk polio vaccine during last
spring's natino-wide tests contracted the dread disease," the New
York World-Telegram and Sun asserted in a copyrighted story.
But Dr. Thomas Francis, Jr., director of the polio evaluation cen-
ter at the University, squelched the report. "The official report has
not yet been written," he said.
The World-Telegram and Sun said it received its information from
"an unimpeachable medical source."
"No one but Dr. Francis knows -

Ike F




whether or not the Salk vaccine is
effective, or if effective, to what
extent," Basil O'Connor answer-
ed. O'Connor is president of the
National Foundation of Infantile
Dr. Francis' reply indicated that
still only one man knows whether
the vaccine is effective. "No infor-
mation has been released from the
Polio Vaccine Evaluation Center,"
he said.
"See Source," Francis Says
"If there are any further ques-
tions, I can only refer all persons
to the same unimpeachable source
from which the alleged original
statement came," Dr. Francis add-
O'Connor said, "Neither the Na-
tional Foundation nor anyone else
has received information from Dr.
The evaluation center at the
University reports that it is and
has been from the beginning the
only official agency to collect -in-
formation about the field trials
and to make the final evaluation.
The newspaper claimed its
statement was "the heart of the
Francis report to be'released April
12, which evaluates the vaccine."
Four Findings Claimed
The World-Telegram and Sun
said it had learned exclusively
that the major findings of the
Francis report included these:
"1) There was not one single
instanft of polio in any child in-
noculated with the Salk vaccine
during the spring, 1954, tests.
"2) Among those children who
did not receive the vaccine and re-
ceived either the inert substance
or were simply registered by name
and address, polio symptoms did
develop in an undisclosed number
of cases.
"3) No indication of how long
an immunization period the vac-
cine sets up was received by this
"4) The usefulness of the Salk
vaccine when injected into child-
ren after preliminary symptoms of
polio are evidenced is still subject
to further clinical study." .
The story continued, "The re-
sults of the test should give hope
to every mother and father in the
world that children will in the
future never have to suffer from
this crippling disease."
Salk Not Told Results
Dr. Jonas E. Salk, University of
Pittsburgh scientist who develop-
ed the vaccine, "has not seen the
report himself," a spokesman of
the university's medical center
Reports have come in from New
Orleans, Washington, D.C., Okla-
homa and Indiana indicating that
several youngsters getting the vac-'
cine had been afflicted with polio.
More than 1,000,000 children
took part in the tests, with 440,-
000 receiving the vaccine. Ap-
proximately 200,000-were injected
with an inert substance. For some
areas, only Dr. Francis and his
team know which children receiv-
ed the dummy shots and which
received the vaccine.
Plan Moving
A telephone campaign against
the proposed new city charter ap-
pears to be moving.
Several Ann Arbor citizens in-
cluding Charter Revision Commis-
sion members have reported being
called and told to vote against the
Although refusing to identify
himself further, a man claiming
to .represent a "citizens commit-
tee" has contacted several resi-
dents, apparently at random.
There is no publicly-known op-
position to the proposed consti-
tution, although a "Citizens for
the New Charter" aroum ha been

MSC Name
Meet Today
President, Regents
Head 'U' Delegation
University officials will have
their say today as to why Michi-
gan State College should not
change its name to Michigan State
Beginning at 10 a.m. in the state
legislature building, a delegation
of 12 representatives from the

Kelly, Brano
Top Acade
HOLLYWOOD. (4 ')-Grace Kelp:
drinking actor in "The Country Girl,
ex-fighter of "On the Waterfront,"
screen performers of 1954 in the 27t1
"On the Waterfront" swept top
ning seven Oscars, including best pi
Among the winners: Brando, sux
director Elia Kazan and writer Budd
Edmond O'Brien, the hard-press

-Daly-Ben Monaghan
NEWLY ELECTED SGC OFFICERS-Let to right, Dick Good, treasurer; Hank Berliner, presi-
dent; Donna Netzer, vice-president.

University will meet a delegation
from MSC in a hearing before the
Senate's Judiciary Committee.
University Group
The University group will in-
clude President Harlan H. Hatch-
er; Vice-President Marvin Nie-
huss, Regents Roscoe Bonisteel,
Charles Kennedy, Vera Baits, Otto
Eckert, and Leland Doan; Robert
Cross, administrative assistant,
and University Relations Director
Arthur L. Brandon.
Also included, in the group in
advisory capacities will be Dean
E. Blythe Stason and Paul Kauper
of the Law School.
All University Regents were also
notified, but according to Bran-
don, "some couldn't make it on
such short notice."
The job facing the University
delegation, according to all indi-
cations, will not be an easy one.
The Senate already expressed
an attitude on the issue by send-
ing the bill to the Judiciary Com-
mittee, headed by East Lansing
Senator Harry Hittle (R) instead
of the Education Committee where
it would normally go.
Judiciary Committee Opinion
Within the Judiciary committee
itself five of seven members have
expressed willingness to report the
bill to the floor.
The name change bill passed
the House last week by an 88 to
14 vote in rapid action. The Uni-
versity protested the speed of the
move at that time, saying that a
requested hearing had not been
The session tomorrow will not
be public, although members, of
the press will be admitted.
City Election
To Hold Vote,
On .Referenda
Ann Arbor voters will be asked
to vote on several referenda in
the April 4 election.
The referenda will be in addi-
tion to the elections for city of-
ficials and the vote on the pro-
posed new city charter.
One question will be a boost in
IIhta rif'v hnnuinriu inuintuL ina fnr


erRi er o Lead 1
similar committee should work on
By 12 to six vote last night Hank the driving ban problem, he said.
Berliner, '56, became the first Stu- Netzer Wins on Fourth Vote
dent Government Council presi- In the meeting's closest election
dent. Miss Netzer defeated Good for{
Former Student Legislature sec- vice-president on the fourth ballot
ond member at large, Berliner de- 10 to 8.
feated Dick Good, '56A. Previously Bob Leacock, '57, andj
In subsequent elections Donna Joel Tauber, '57 had been droppedI
Netzer, '56, and Good were elected from the race.
vice-president and treasurer re- Miss Netzer served as second!
spectively. member at large during SL's lastj
Nominated by Inter - House term.}
Council president Stan Levy, '55, Four ballots were needed to give
Berliner emphasized, in accepting Good the treasurer's position over
the nomination, SGC should strive Bill Adams, '57, 11 to seven.
to maintain an all-campus view- Leacock and Tauber were also
point. nominated for the position.
Structure Adopted
Cites Housing Problem By unanimous vote last night
Looking into the future the new SGC adopted approximately the
president called for solution to the same administrative structure pro-
University student housing prob- posed by Berliner at last week's
lem. meeting.
"The answer may lie in more Only actual change in the pro-
liberal University off - campus posal was exclusion of the repre-
housing regulation or restrictions sentative coordinator's position.
on enrollment until future housing Most of the committee's work

of lines of responsibility' and ap- foot Contessa," was selected the bests
pointment powers under the struc- Miss Kelly and Brando were them-
ture. youngest pair of top nominees tot
The representative. coordinator win Hollywood's highest honor.
was thought to be unnecessary Both accepted their gold statuettes,
since the functions could be car- with emotion.
ried out by the administrative co- "I can only say with all my heart
ordinator and the executive com- thanks to all those who made this
mittee. possible," the smiling Philadelphia'
Under the original proposal, the millionaire's daughter said. Thej
coordinator vas to coordinate all 26-year-old newcomer to the<
appointees to special committees. screen was in tears as she thanked
Standing Committees the audience.
Similar to SL's administrative "It is a wonderful moment and
strttcture, three standing commit- a rare one," the grinning Brando
tees exist under the plan-public said, "and I'm certainly grateful."
relations and elections, campus af- The Omaha-born actor, who willf
fairs, and human and internation- be 31 Sunday, made the top prize
al welfare. the fourth time he was nominated.
The latter committee combines A television veteran, she made
SL's culture and education com- the top award for her first movie.}
mittee and international commit- Walt Disney, who had already
tee. won 22 Oscars and two TV Acad-
In other action last night SGC I emy Emmies, added two more
approved changing the Glee Club's statuettes to his collection. He wons
concert date from May 21 to May for best special effects in "20,000
20. Leagues Under the Sea" and for
best documentary feature, "The
Vanishing Prairie.,,
;TheAcademy named the Jap-
anese color' film "Gate of Hell
rM ild Climes the best foreign language film of'
The Board of Directors also
VIANDS righted what some film observersI
i Beach. feel was a long-time wrong. A spe- 1
Beyh acial award was given to Greta Gar-
y began their annual spring mi bo, who was never honored with
spots yesterday. . an Oscar despite her distinguished
achusetts to Arizona, but the sunny performances.
4 ~~ V"n

rst SGC
was directed toward cla


S peculation'
.ossible War
FILM:. Peace Cause
do Receie Not Helped
riy Awards ByWar Talk
V, the long suffering wife of the (-
"and Marlon Brando, the punchy arney Named
last night were crowned the top
h annual Academy Awards.
honors among productions, win-
cture. WASHINGTON (MP- President
pporting actress Eva Marie Saint, Dwight D. Eisenhower adminis--
Schulberg. tered an oblique rebuke to Adm.
ed publicity man of "The Bare- Robert B. Carney yesterday with a
sd pubtinctomanofthe ar e- declaration that too much specu-
supporting actor of the year. lation about wa does not serve
world peace and tranquility.
F' Adm. Carney, chief of naval
operations, has been named as the
source of predictions that war
may start in the Formosa Strait
around April 15.
To prophesy when a war is go-
ing to break out, President Eisen-
hower told a news conference, is
to assume an accuracy of informa-
tion never yet attained by a coun-
try that was to be attacked.
Ike Doesn't Know
The President said he cannot
say, because he doesn't know, that
Yt there will not be an attack from
April 15 onward on the National-
ist-held Matsu Islands off the Chi-
nese mainland.
r President Eisenhower told a
news conference that Adm. Car-
ney will not be reprimanded "by
-Daily-Esther Goudsmi The President upheld the right
HAZEL FRANK of a subordinate to hold personal
... League president opinions. But the subordinate
doesn't belong on the administra-
tion team, he said, if he is going
istration or his commander in
echief or violate announced admin-
i se iistration policy.
ty and timing of war in the Far
East stemmed from this sequence
of events:
Hazel Frank, '56, was elected After Adm. Carney held a din-
resident of the League at a Wom- ner discussion with several npws-
n's Senate meeting yesterday. men, stories were published last
During he.r junior year, Miss week that the United States has
rank was president of Assembly. reason to believe the Chinese
t was' at this time that the As- Communists might move against
embly constitution was revised. the Matsus and Quemoy Island
Miss Frank served on the SGC about April 15.
teering Committee and the Stu- More stories appeared Tuesday
lent Activities Center committee. that Eisenhower did, not believe
ler previous experience includes an attack was likely by April 15.
'eing president of Prescott House, Several newspapers named presi-
ast Quadrangle and serving on dential Press Secretary James C.
louse Judiciary. Stie was also a Hagerty as the man who gave uot
nember of Student Legislature, this information.
ast Quad Council and Inter-
House Council. IF a ed H e r
Extend League Services r ]ne ear
It is Miss Frank's plan, as presi-
lent of the League to extend its
ervices to meet the campus' grow-
ng needs, to establish permanent ey
elationships with Women's Sen-At V H sp t
te, SGC, and the Daily.

plans reach fulfillment but it defi-
nitely does not lie in converting
single and double dormitory rooms
into doubles and triples," he em-
Berliner advocated a joint stu-
dent, faculty, administration com-
mittee to work out the problem. A
Wilson Sets
New Standard
For Articles
WASHINGTON (AP) - Secretary
of Defense Charles E. Wilson yes-
terday set up a new standard for
military articles written by any-
body in his department-they must
be constructive.
lHe also ordered the Army, Navy
and Air Force to use civilians in-
stead of officers to head their pub-
lic information services.
These civilians would be respon-
sible to the secretaries of the var-
ious services. It was not stated by
Wilson, but one purpose may be to
end a situation in which a public
information officer might be call-
ed on to approve or disapprove the
brainchild of a superior officer.
The order setting up the "con-
structive" criterion for writings
said they would have to be clear-
ed for security, as in the past.

r'U' Students BeA
April Search fo
From Iron Mountain to Miami
University students prematurel
gration to their homes and vacation
Destinations ranged from Massa
beaches of Florida seemed to attract
Flights to the Orange State ha
to local travel agencies. Special bus
to and from Willow Run Airport. Son
auto, while others plan to use "The
Pi Beta Phi sorority has solve
chartering a bus to Florida. Forty-*
one girls from the sorority will
leave tomorrow night for Fort Lau-
Most students, however, plan to
spend the recess at home. One,
student said with an eater grin,
"I'm just going to grind, goof, and
play golf.''.
Three University athletic teams
will seek the warmer climates for
competition. The baseball and golf
teams will tour the South, while
the track team will patrol the Westt
Coast. The swimming team will+
have to be content with the weath-
er on the Yale campus.
For those staying on campus, the
library will be open from 8 a.m.
to 6 p.m. Monday through. Sat- +
+ urday, but closed Sundays.

t most,.

ave been filled for days, according
transportation has been arranged ShakeupFinds
me students will travel by train and
e Thumb Method.";R ti o
d the transportation problem by Reuther Victor
- UpCLEVELAND (/P) -Opposition
P oi forces within the CIO United Auto
Workers yesterday gave President
Walter P. Reuther's leadership its


S r Umost serious challenge in years,
Solicitors for the Free Umiversi-j with Reuther coming out on top.
ty of Berlin bucket drive gave the i
old college try yesterday, and ran. The anti-Reuther delegates to E
into trouble. the UAW convention rallied be- F
Ann Arbor police rounded up 14 hind Carl Stellato for one of four,
students for soliciting on public international union vice presiden-
streets. University officials said it cies id
was all a misunderstanding. Stu- Stellato is president of the un- 5
dents were given permission to ion's 55,000-member Ford Local i)
hold.the tag day, but were told to No. 600-biggest in the 1%,-mil- r
-A1 nv lion-member union a

Brown, Logan See

necty s onaea ineoens o
sanitary sewers from $650,000 to
$1,500,000. The charter amend-
ment, if passed, may only be in
effect for a year if the new city
charter passes.
Sewer ExtensionsI
Another proposal is to allow the
city to build sewer extensions out-E
side city limits. In the past the
city has faced added expense in
serving residents in outlying areas
because its extensions had to stay1
within Ann Arbor boundaries.
A third local proposal would'
leave all cost of sewer connections
to the benefitted property owners.
The city presently pays 20 per-
cent of the cost.
Annexation of seven and one-
half acres of land in the south-
west area of the city will also be
put to the voters. Ordinarily an-
nexations do not require a vote,

Most important choice facing
Ann Arbor's voters in Monday's
elections will be the man they
want for mayor.
Mayor William E. Brown, Jr., is
seeking his sixth term as the city's
top official. His Democratic op-

ponent is Dr. Albert J. Logan, a
local dentist who entered the race
because of "a deep interest in civ-
ic affairs.";
In his platform, Mayor Brown'
stresses completion of the Fair
Ground recreational area, low cost
housing to replace undesirable
living areas, further development
of the parking system, more recre-
ational facilities for childen, new
industry for Ann Arbor, a new city
hall, and a senior recreational pro-
No Stand on Charter


stay on state-owned university As president of the -
land. The Reuther slate of four vice As president of the League, Miss
No arrests were made although presidents swept into office, with Frank is an ex-officio member of
one student was questioned at' Po- margins of some two or three to SGC. She will also serve as chair-
lice Headquarters one over Stellato. I man of the League council and a
c - member of Joint Judiciary inter-
viewing board. She will act as ex-
officio vice-president of the League
Board of Governors.
(_ League Activities
Miss Frank's duties also include
kpresiding at omen's Senate
meetings, coordinating League ac-
tivities and issuing League ap-
pointments, approved by the Wom-
Ann Arbor voters have faced in tion of the city most in need of en's Senate.
many years." Joining fellow Dean- rehabilitation. Aware of the problems involved
ocrats, Dr. Logan has given full He emphasized that private en- in student government, Miss Frank
support to the new charter. terprise should be encouraged to believes that "extra-curricular ac-
"Not a Party Issue" participate in a building program tivities are a part of education."
He pointed out that both par- rwhich would provide decent hous- Miss Frank commented that her
ties have endorsed the new char- ing for low income families. swork on campus has given her an
ter. "It is not a party issue, and . appreciation of the workings of
it should not be," he added. I' the University Administration. "It
Answering some of the objec- j takes a lot to run a University this
tions to the new charter, Dr. Lo- size," she says, "and students don't,
gan said the new charter would realize how competent they are."
permit wiser voting by reducing I The New York junior is inter-
the length of the ballot, and give ested n televisi production work
more power to city councilmen asafte rr

Dr. Claude S. Beck, Professor of
cardio-vascular surgery at West-
ern Reserve University delivered
toe annual Roy B. Canfield Me-
morial lectureship last night at
the University Hospital.
Dr. Beck explained his theory of
cure for coronar arterial diseases.
The Cleveland doctor also had on
hand three patients whom he had
successfully cured with his method.
The three patients, citizens of
Michigan, were cured and have
been leading normal lives since the
Dr. Beck has had a proportion-
ately large number of successes
with his operation. Many patients
suffering from coronary artery
diseases have been cured through
his method.
The operation entails the graft-
ing of a vein in the arm to the
large artery coming from the left
side of the heart. The graft in-
creases the amount of blood which
is fed to the coronary muscle, al-
lowing the heart to function nor-
Druids .To Handle
I Qtnu ila n lb. vaatnV

- _

Although he has taken no pub- where it belongs, instead of to the
lic stand on the proposed city' city administrator.
charter revision as a whole, Mayor He added he thought it impera-
Brown has expressed disagreement1 tive for the voters to elect a man

Plays To Be Given
Today is the last presentation of

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