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March 22, 1955 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1955-03-22

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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXV, No. 119 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 22, 1955

CLOUDY, COLDER, RAIN
SIX PAGES

Churchill:

/

French Help
Not Needed
Mendes-France
Warned in Letter
PARIS (P) - Prime Minister
Winston Churchill has warned
France he believes a Western se-
curity system could be organized
without French help if there are
further delays in ratification of
West German rearmament.
The British leader expressed
this view in a personal letter sent
to Pierre Mendes-France Jan. 12
and made public yesterday. Men-
des-France, the French Premier at
that time, initiated the corres-
pondence by suggesting immediate
moves for a Big Four conference.
Turns Down Plan
Churchill turned down Mendes-
France cold on this proposal. He
said he was "firmly resolved that
there be neither meeting, nor an
invitation, under any foreseeable
circumstances among the four
powers, either at the foreign min-
ister level or at the, level of the
heads of government until the
London and Paris agreements
have been ratificed by all the sig-
natories."
The Briton added that he had
the full agreement of the United
States on this point.
'Empty Chair'
In the event of French failure to
approve the treaties, Churchill
said, he would be obliged to sup-
port an "empty chair" policy to-
ward France, despite his long
friendship for the French people.
The letters were released by
Mendes-France just 48 hours be-
fore the Council of the Republic,
upper House of the French Parlia-
ment, opens its debate on ratifi-
cation of the treaties. The vcte
is due Friday. The National' As-
sembly already has approved the
treaties.
Churchill said he feared any
further long 'delays in ratification.
House Votes
Down Postal
Salary Hike
WASHINGTON (P)-The House
yesterday soundly voted down an
attempt to jam through a 72 per
cent average pay boost for postal
workers.
The action left the way open
for a vote later on a more liberal
raise, which President Dwight D.
Eisenhower has indicated he
would veto. It also raised the pos-
sibility that the 500,000 post of-
fice employes will get no pay in-
crease this year.
Joint Defeat
In obvious resentment against
a parliamentary maneuver to lim-
it debate and bar amendments to
the bill, a majority of both Demo-
crats and Republicans joined to
defeat the bill 302-120.
Backers of the plan were far
short of the necessary two-thirds
voting majority on a double-bar-
reed motion that would have pro-
hibited any amendments and ap-
proved the pay hike. Only 35
Democrats and 85 Republicans
voted for it. Against it were 190
Democrats and 112 Republicans.
Minimum Raise
The bill called for a minimum
6 per cent raise for each postal

employe, with higher percentage
increases for supervisory employes,
bringing the average boost of 71/2
per cent. It would cost the govern-
ment 150 million dollars a year.
The bill went back to the Post
Office Committee and Chairman
Tom Murray (D-Tenn.) could
bring it back for a vote under dif-
ferent legislative procedures. How-!
ever, he said after Monday's ac-
tion:
"They voted against a 6 per cent
pay raise, and that's that."
This could conceivably mean no
postal pay legislation this session,
but it appeared certain that some
increase would be approved. Many
members of Congress feel that
since they voted themselves a 50
per cent salary boost it would be
politically indefensible to deny pay
hikes to others on the government
payroll.

Russia,

Satellites

To

Form

Unified Military Command

-,Daiy-by John Hirtzei
LEAVING FOR GOOD?-Planes at Willow Run are the center of
bustling activity. But Detroit's Mayor Albert Cobo would like to
see all this business transferred to the Detroit-Wayne Major
Airport.
Ypsilanti Defe rs
Airlinelie solution

By JIM DYGERT
The Ypsilanti City Council last
night deferred action on a resolu-
tion to protest a Detroit proposal
to shift all airline operations from
Willow Run to the Detroit-Wayne
Major Airport.
Action was put off until "all
those who have an interest" could
be consulted, so that there could
be a "unified thought" behind the
resolution.
A formal protest by the Ypsi-
lanti City Council would be the
fourth such protest from the Ypsi-
lanti-Ann Arbor area to the pro-
posed move.
Cobo Touched Aff Controversy
Detroit Mayor Albert Cobo be-
gan the controversy last month
when he asked for a meeting with
airlines officials to discuss the
possibility of such a move.
Ypsilanti Mayor Carl J. Schef-
fiera started the protests going in
a reportto the council on the
Detroit proposal. Since then, the
Ypsilanti Board of Commerce,
Ypsilanti Township Superinten-
dent Henry F. Hicks, and the
County Board of Supervisors have
publicly added to the protests.
Mayor Cobo was joined in his
proposal to move the airline oper-
ations by the Wayne County Road
Commission. Their reason for the
proposal was to bring airline oper-
ations closer to Detroit.
The Detroit-Wayne Major Air-
port is several minutes closer to
downtown Detroit.
Eight Airlines at Willow Run
At present, there are eight air-
lines operating out of Willow Run.
Seven of them rent the airport
from the University through the
Airlines National Terminal Ser-
vice Company.
The eighth, North Central Air-
lines, is not part of ANTSCO, but
rents from it.
ANTSCO was formed in 1947 to
rent Willow Run from the Univer-
sity. The airlines company, ac-
cording to University Controller

Gilbert L. Lee, Jr., pays a rela-
tively small rent and, in addition,
assumes the expense of maintain-
ing the airport. Lee estimates
maintenance amounts to approxi-
mately $500,000 a year.
Airport Bought for $1
The University purchased the
airport and its buildings as war
surplus from the military for a
price of $1 in 1947. The purchase
was subject to two conditions:
1) That the University provide
that the airport continue public
operation, and
2) That the University return
the property to the military if a
national emergency required it.
The University met the first
condition by renting the airport
to ANTSCO for tise by the com-
mercial airlines.
Money Used for Research
The rent revenue received is
used entirely for activities of the
University's Engineering Research
Institute located at the east end
of the airport, Lee said.
Neither Lee nor Floyd G. Wake-
field, University Airport Supervis-
or, would predict what would hap-
pen to the University's interests
if the airlines were moved from
Willow Run. +
Both said the University was
"staying out" of the controversy.
-2 B

Alexandrov
Discharged
By Bulganin
Mikhailov Fills
Ministry Vacancy
MOSCOW (M)-Premier Nikolai
Bulganin fired Soviet Minister of
Culture Georgi F. Alexandrov yes-
terday in a continued shakeup of
his new government.
Alexandrov twice before was in
serious difficulties for deviations
from the Kremlin party line, but
had made a comeback and was
named minister of culture last
March.
Leadership Failure
A Moscow radio broadcast said
Alexandrov, a friend of the re-
cently deposed Premier Georgi
Malenkov, was dismissed because
"he failed to ensure the leader-
ship" of his ministry. The broad-
cast said he was fired on Bulgan-
in's recommendation.
Nikolai A. Mikhailov, ampbassa-
dor to Poland, was appointed suc-
cessor to Alexandrov, short, dark-
haired chief Soviet propagandist
in World War II.
This marked the 12th major
change in the Soviet government
within a month, reflecting a re-
alignment of Kremlin political
factions following Bulganin's rise
to Premier Feb. 8.
Dismissal Foreshadowed
Alexandrov's dismissal was fore-
shadowed last week when he was
rebuked publicly for not publish-
ing good} books on corn planting
and livestock breeding. Farm pro-
duction is the specialty of Nikita
Khruschev, powerful first secre-
tary of the Soviet Communist
party.
Mikhailov was a member of the
special supreme court which sen-
tenced Soviet Police Chief Lav-
renti Beria to death for treason in
1953. He was appointed ambassa-
dor to Poland in March 1954.
Yesterday's announcement did
not elaborate on the reasons for
Alexandrov's ouster. He held the
key job of chief of propaganda
and agitation from 1941 until 1947,
when he angered Joseph Stalin
with a book that showed respect
for Western philosophers.
U .t; - -a .a e tiY,

University President Harlan H.
Hatcher reviewed the state of the
University in a speech yesterday
before faculty and staff members.
In his speech, President Hatch-
er commented on the following
areas:
FACULTY: He commended the
faculty for their part in maintain-

PRES. HARLAN HATCHER
... discusses 'U' status
ing the high standards of the Uni-
versity. He noted that the faculty
salary scale was equal to that of
most colleges in the country. The
budget now before the state legis-
'l
FullerRaps
Wash'Action
Of Assembly
Refusal by Assembly Associa-
tion to promise "cooperation with
the University administration" in
their constitution was termed'
"rash" yesterday by Assistant
Dean of Women Elsie R. Fuller.
"You ruled yoiirself back into
being a student opinion group,"
Dean Fuller told the Assembly
Dorm Council meeting. She said
she believed the constitutional
amendment would be necessary "if
Assembly is to be a policy making
group."
The amendment defeated at1
last week's meeting, pledged As, I
sembly to "cooperation with the
University administration in the
formulation and maintenance of
policy and high social and schol-
astic standards." Another amend-
ment requiring review of all new
policies by the Dean of Women's
office was also rejected last week.
Dean Fuller urged the group to
delineate in its constitution its
relation to the Dean's office as an
attempt "to put into affect what
was being done on a trial basis."

STATUS OF 'U':
Hatcher Speech
Praises Faculty

lature contains a four per cent
increase in faculty pay scales, he
said.
Space Problem
PHYSICAL FACILITIES: The
problem of space is tied in with
the faculty, President Hatcher
pointed out. As faculty members
seek more space for research and
study, the University must provide
these facilities as f ast as possible.
"What you see going on in the
way of expansion is a delayed
response to the desires of the
faculty," President Hatcher said.
The careful planning for hew
structures was"outlined by the
President in his speech. New
buildings are planned cooperative-
ly by faculty members and admin-
istration officials inside a $33 per
square foot cost limit, he said.
Basis of Need
Priority for new structures is
assigned on the basis of need, he
noted.
ENROLLMENT: President"
Hatcher said the University anti-I
cipates an increase of about 1,000
students next fall, but no limit
has been planned for total Uni-
versity enrollment.
PARKING: Some solution must
be found for the driving parking
problem, President Hatcher said.
Space now used for parking is
only temporarily set aside for
such use, he noted, and is needed
for building space.
A committee of the Faculty Sen-
ate is studying the problem along
with University officials, he said.
COOPERATION WITH OTHER
STATE SCHOOLS: If no volun-
tary means of cooperation between
the staite's schools can be found,
the legislature may take over, he
warned.
FLINT COLLEGE OF THE UNI-
VERSITY: A planning budget of
$37,000 for the two-year senior
college in Flint has been included
in this year's budget before the
state legislature, he said.
Dvornik Tells
Russian Ideal
"The history of Russian political
philosophy presents many prob-
lems which are still awaiting their
solution," Prof. Francis Dvornik of
Harvard University said yesterday
in his lecture, "Byzantium and the
Growth of Russian Political Phil-
osophy."
He believed that the fundamen-
tal difference between the new
conception and the old Russo-By-
zantine idseal was fully revealed in
two ways.
The Patriarch was replaced by
the Holy Synod and the Church
was placed under the management
of the Tsar's Procurator. Gradual-
ly it found itself reduced to the
condition of a state department at
the service of the Tsar.

Name
Change
LLANFAIRPWLLGWYNGYL-
LGOGERYCHWYRNDROB W -
LLLLANTYSILIOGOGOGOCH,
Wales, M)-Inhabitants of this
little Welsh town with the long-
est name in the world were up
in arms recently against a foul
calumny being spread abroad.
This wicked libel, which no
true Welshmen, indeed, would
believe, is that Llanfair etc.,
is a hoax cooked up by a local
cobbler in the 18th century, and
all that should really be writ-
ten on the signposts is Llan-
fairpwllgwyngyll - a mere 20
letters instead of 58.
MSC Status
Bill Reaches
Final Vote
By The Associated Press
LANSING-Backers of a bill to
give Michigan State College uni-
versity status beat down two at-
tacks last night in the House and
moved the bill up for a final vote
today.
The bill's sponsors defeated mo-
tions to send it back to committee
for a public hearing and to delay
debate until Friday so that an in-
formal hearing could be held
Thursday night.
Opponents of the measure;.
which would change MSC's name
to Michigan State University,
charged that the House Educa-
tion Committee had violated a
promise to allow the University
administration and officials at
MSC a chance to be heard before
the bill was sent to the floor.
This was denied by Rep. John
C. McCune (R-East Lansing),
author of the bill.
Watkins Telegram
Earlier in the day Secretary of
the Regents, Herbert G. Watkins,
sent a special telegram to the
state capital asking for a hearing
in the House before action is
taken.-
Watkins. in a wire directed to
Wade Van Valkenberg, Speaker of
the House,. urged that "reconsid-
eration be given to request for
hearing . . . to permit presenta-
tion of their views on this serious
problem.''
Watkin's telegram continued:
"The Regents in good faith hoped
progress could be made through
joint negotiation and an oppor-
tunity provided to present their
views to the committee (on educa-
tion) should be a stalemate re-
sult.
"Without Notice .
"Without notice this opportun-
ity has been denied through
abrupt action of education com-
mittee immediately following
Thursday afternoon's meeting of
committees of Regents and State
Board of Agriculture.
". ..Speed and haste should not
be an element in such an import-
ant change."

Move Pends
Paris Pact
Ratification
Allies Turn Down
USSR Invitation
LONDON (P)-Russian and her
satellites have decided to set up
a unified military command after
ratification of the Paris agree-
ments rearming West Germany,
the Soviet Foreign Ministry an-
nounced yesterday.
The announcement, broadcast
by the Soviet Tass Agency, said
the decision was made unanimous-
ly in consultations between the
Soviet Union -and Poland, Czech-
oslovakia, East German Republic,
Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and
Albania.
ed China Agrees
Red China expressed full agree-
ment with the plan, the broadcast
said.
They also .agreed, Tass said, on
the conclusion of an eight-nation
treaty of friendship, cooperation
and mutual aid.
All eight countries attended a
Moscow conference on security last
December and announced then a
pledge to pool their armed forces
and put them under a joint com-
mand if the West went ahead with
ratification of the Paris agree-
ments for the rearmament of West
Germany.
Red China also was represented
at the conference by an observer.
West Refuses Bid
Russia originally had invited 25-
countries, but all Western coun-
tries turned down the bid.
Among those invited were the
United States, Britain and France.
The conference was called to con-
sider aRussian proposal of all-
European security to take the
place of the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization and the Western
European Union in Nwyich Wet
Germany is to be rearmed.
Depends Upon Pact
The Soviet announcement sug-
gested .the Communists will not
go further with their unified com-
mand plan if the Paris agreements
on Germany sovereignty are not
ratified.
The Paris agreementsgive West
Germany sovereignty. The agree- .
ments await approval of the
French Upper House and five other
Parliaments.
The broadcast said the com-
mand would be created "in event
of ratification of the Paris agree-
ments with the aim of ensuring
the security of these states and in
the interests of the maintenance
of peace in Europe."
' World News.
Roundup
By The Associated Press
U.S. joinsPact.
WASHINGTON -- The United
States agreed yesterday to join a
new 34-nation organization for
trade cooperation-provided Con-
gress approves.
. The State Department announc-
ed that Asst. Secretary of State
Samuel C. Waugh signed for the
United States in ceremonies at

Geneva, Switzerland
Pleads Innocent . .
PANAMA --- Former President
Jose Ramon Guizado pleaded in-
nocent yesterday to a charge of
homicide in the assassination of
the man' he succeeded as presi-
dent.
"I declare myself innocent,"
Guizado told the National As-
sembly.
President Jose Antonio Remon

"riving Dan Moal eiation
Favored b 'U'-Students
(EDITOR'S NOTE-This is the sixth in a series of articles on thj driving '
ban. Today's article deals with alternate proposals to the present regulation.)
By WALLY EBERHARD
It is probably safe to say that most students are opposed to theI
driving regulation in its present form.{
Most recent sampling of student opinion was at a Student Legis-
lature poll during the fall, 1952, elections.
2,742 Favor Removal
This poll showed 2,702 in favor of complete removal; 2,840 favor-
Oing modified restrictions; and 1,782
.,. I nersns- saticfidr 'with the cttus

;I

Gieseking To End Extra
Concert Series Today

World-famed pianist, Walter
Gieseking, who returned to tour
the United States last season for
the first time in 16 years, will pre-

a Brahms group of Caprieccios
and Intermezzos; Schubert's Im-
promptus in B-flat, No. 3 and A-
flat, No. 4; "Cipressi" by Castinuo-
vo-Tedesco and a Debussy group-
Ballade, Nocturne, Valso roman-
tique and Six Preludes.
Gieseking is reputed to have a
huge repertoire. He is ableato play
without scores 24 concertos, sev-
eral hundred sonatas and more
than 1,000 shorter piano pieces.
The noted pianist never prac-
tices, he says, when on a concert
tour. "I have to rest my fingers.
Concerts and practice together
would be too much," he explains.
Gieseking has performed in al-
most every country in the world.
In one season alone he toured six
continents. coveringr n distance

pCtS OI ULUNUUU W1U11fl . 1 C L aL)
quo.
Results of this poll were for-
warded to the Board of Regents,
but no action was taken. In June,
1953, the Office of Student Affairs
sent to the Regents for considera-
tion three proposals for changing
the present regulations.
The first of these proposals
would have limited driving to all
students except those who are sen-
iors or over 21 years old. In addi-
tion, all automobiles would need a
safety inspection to insure that the
automobile was not in unsafe con-
dition.
All Except Freshmen

CD PROGRAM:
Authorities Stress Organization Aim

The second proposal would ex-
tend driving privileges to all stu-
dents except freshmen. Under this
plan, a safety inspection would
also be required and parental per-
mission for those under 21.
The third proposal would have
maintained the present regulation,
adding a provision for safety in-
spection of all vehicles.
In the spring of 1953, Student

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This article,
the second in a series on civil de- Stating emphatically that a ma-
tense, discusses further reasons for jority of citizens will survive an1
an organized passive defense pro- atomic attack, and that this will
gram,) be a much bigger majority with
By-DICK SNYDER planned defensive action, CD pro-
Atomic assault on the United ponents have termed the present
A tsurvivalameasureshinUtheeUnited
States at this time would not snuff survival meaures in the United
out all life in one murderous blow. States 'dep1 ably inadequate."
This is the assumption under Retaliation
which authorities argue for an or- Announcements to the world of
ganized civil defense program. It retaliatory measures are not
is backed up by the opinions of an enough, they say, for we can not
overwhelming number of atomicI assume that the enemy will care-
physicists and scientists.,I fully consider a counter-attack by
Though conditions may change'- the United Stat.
considerahly in the future. it is Even if she does. they question.

We cannot prevent war by the
simple possession and improve-
ment of atomic weapons. Further-
more, the argument runs, America
is fast losing her superiority in
the weapons race.
Basically, there are four reasons
for the "deplorable" condition of
the present civil defense program:,
1) Widespread "it-can't-happen-
here" belief exists in the minds of
civilians and military alike. Civil
defense is belittled and passed off
as "Maginot-line mentality."
2) Security restrictions prohibit
disclosure of some information

M O ml

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