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Michigan Daily, 1955-03-20

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JUST LOOKING
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Latest Deadline in the State CLOUDY

VOL. LXV, No. 118 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MARCH 20, 1955

SIX PAGES

i

IT'S OFFICIAL:
Russian Editors
Ko TCome to'U'
The 11 Russian editors will visit the University.
Their intention became known officially yesterday when the
Chicago director of the Institute of International Education asked
graduate studies Dean Ralph A. Sawyer if the University would host
the Soviets as part of their 30-day cross-country tour.
Dean Sawyer, the University official in charge of IE programs,
said he had told the Institute the University would welcome the Rus-
sian editors.
Requested University Visit
The Chicago official's query substantiated an earlier report that
the Russians had asked to visit the University when they applied for
visas last year.
As a result, the IE included Ann Arbor among a list of potential
tour-cities. The Russians jumped at it.
Their interest apparently stems from the visit of American student
editors.to the Soviet Union in 1953. The first tour was made by editors
from the University of Michigan, the University of Colorado and Ober-'
lin College in Ohio.
Michigan Selected
The latter two editors reportedly concurred that Michigan was
larger than their schools, and was probably the most liberal of state
universities. This seemed to impress student journalists and political
economy students at Moscow State University, one editor noted.
An editor of the Moscow State University Bulletin is among the 11
Russians. The others are editors of

Stassen Given New Cabinet Post

r

*I

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

4

Stevenson

lids

CIO Boycott
Claim Denied'
ByStaebler
By MARY ANN THOMAS
State Democrat Party chair-
man Neil Staebler disagrees with
University Regent J. Joseph Her-
bert's charge that the CIO boy-
cotted the University's Workers'
Education program in 1949.
"I don't believe there are
grounds for saying there was a
boycott," Staebler said yesterday.
"As I recall," he explained,
"General Motors put the whip over
former University President Alex-
ander Ruthven threatening with-
drawal of financial support if the
University didn't change the pro-
gram."
Herbert Tells of Boycott
Candidate for reelection to the
Board of Regents, Herbert told a
Bay County Republican rally this
week that the CIO boycotted the
program run in Detroit through
the Extension Service in 1949.
Prof. Z. Clark Dickinson of the
economics department contributed
the details behind the mix-up.
"Trouble developed out of the
way one class was taught and the
Regents proposed reorganization
of the program."
At that time Arthur Elder of
Detroit was director of the educa-
tion service and Prof. Albert K.
Stevens of the English department
was his assistant. The proposed
reorganization included their dis-
missal.
Taught by Union Enthusiast
The class was taught by a un-
ion enthusiast who handed out a
CIO-printed booklet in which the
union rather sharply criticized
General Motors, Prof. Dickinson
related, and GM people were in.
the Blass.
Staebler said soon after Gov.
Kim Sigler had called Pres. Ruth-
ven up to his office about the mat-
ter, a GM official announced if
the University didn't change the
program, the corporation would
"get" the University in'the State
Legislature.
Prof. Dickinson said he thought
Herbert was referring to this at-
tempted reorganization and the
unions' opposition to the change.
The United Auto Workers fav-
ored the program as directed by
Elder and Prof. Stevens, Prof.
Dickinson continued, and when
Elder left, the unions withdrew
their support and interest, and the
service was discontinued.
In their 1955 platform, Demo-
crats state that Michigan has
"failed despite its predominant
and growing industrial population
to provide sufficient service for
its industrial workers."
"We remind the public, the
platform reads, "that workers'
education was disbanded when a
Republican Governor yielded to
direct pressure from corporate in-
terest in Michigan and closed the
program then operating."
English Historian

student and youth publications
from all parts of the Soviet union.
Ranging in age from 21 to 39,
the Russian "student editors" are
not what Americans think of when
they hear the phrase.
Most of them are in their late
twenties or early thirties, are not
undergraduate or even regular
graduate students.. The ones at-
tached to university papers are
considered faculty members, al-
though they are not quite instruc-
tors in rank.
The editor-in-chief of the Bul-
letin is a full-time employee,, a
member of the Communist Party,
and does nothing but edit the
newspaper. Students may submit
articles, as can faculty members.
Embarrassed by Freedom
Students associated with the
Bulletin were embarrassed by the
Americans' description of The Dai-
ly, former editor Zander Holland-
er, '53, recalled.
"Inadvertently in describing The
Daily we had set up a contrast.
There the university administra-.
tion controls the student news-
paper," he said.
The contrast was heightened
when Mark Emond, then editor of
the Colorado Daily, told how his
own newspaper had recently been
put under a mild form of univer-
sity control.
Hollander and Daniel Berger,
former editor of the Oberlin Re-
view, agreed that this was a se-
rious infringement of free expres-
sion.
The analogy was not lost on
the Russians, the trio agreed later
in the privacy of their hotel room.
"Boss" of Delegation
Officials concerned with the up-
coming Russian visit regard one
editor as the "boss" of the delega-
tion. He is Dmitri P. Gorunov, edi-
tor-in-chief of Komsolskaya Prav-
da, the official newspaper of the
Young Communist League.
Hollander remembers Gorunov
as "an authoritative, friendly man,
with an unusual- for a Russian
official-sense of humor."
Gorunov is 39, a Communist
Party functionary, and a decorated
hero of the Second World War on
the German front.
Quotes New York Paper
He presided over the American
editors' junket through the KP
wing of the Pravda building in
Moscow. They reported that it was
he who had to authorize the chief
of the foreign news section to
See RUSSIAN, Page 4

-Daily-by Jot
IN SPRING A YOUNG MAN'S FANCY TURNS TO...

'Tis Spring,
Spring It Is,
It's Spring
To Lord Tennyson, it's when a
"young man's fancy lightly turns
to thoughts of love."
To Chaucer, it's when ''longen
folk to go on pilgrimages."
To Omar Khayyam, it's when
"the Bird is on the Wing."
To Thomas Buchanan Read, it's
"the housewife's happiest season."
To the Old Testament, it's when
"the voice of the turtle is heard
in our land."
To the Union Opera, it's when
"one day you awake, and your
heart begins to sing."
To Prof. Hazel M. Losh of the
astronomy department, it's the
Vernal equinox when the Sun is
crossing the equator on its way
north."
To Ann Arbor women's clothing
stores, it's when Bermuda shorts
become the chief advertising item.
To the University male and fe-
male, it's when "visions of Arbore-
tum dance in their wee little
heads."
But to the unpoetic, non-musi-
cal, unromantic, non-commercial,
unreligious, non-scientific, every-
day, practical mind:
It's Spring beginning tomorrow
at 4:36 a.m.
Oppenheimer Film
Two additional showings of the
interview between Edward R. Mur-
row and J. Robert Oppenheimer
have been set.
The televised talk will be shown
at 4:15 and 7:30 p.m. Tuesday in
the Rackham Amphitheater.
The program is again sponsored
by the journalism department.

world News
Roundup

By The Associated Press
Retirement Rumors
LONDON-Strong rumors
arisen that Prime Minister
ston Churchill will resign
soon.

IJ
!
r

have
Win-
very

The city's major newspapers, in-
cluding the pro-Churchill Daily
Express carried reports that the
80-year-old statesman was "about"
to retire.t
For the past two years Primei
Minister Churchill has been try-
ing to get the world's leaders to-s
gether for a "dramatic" meetingE
to achieve peace.
Some of the papers headlined
that he would step down for For-
eign Secretary Anthony Eden be-l
fore Britain's budget is presented'
to the Parliament on April 19.
* * *
Discount Red Build-up ;
TAIPEI, Formosa - Nationalist
Chinese and American sources
yesterday discounted as unfounded
reports of a big Communist build-
up on the mainland opposite Mat-
su Island.
* * *
Democrats Bow on Tax,
WASHINGTON - Key House
Democrats conceded yesterday
that they probably have lost their
big fight for an income tax cut
at this session of Congress.
They said they will accept, per-,
haps by Friday, a Senate bill mere-
ly extending present corporation
income and excise tax rates for
one more year.
That would give President
Dwight D. Eisenhower a major
congressional triumph.
] * *A
No Postal Pay Raise
WASHINGTON - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower gave an im-
plied warning yesterday that he'
would be inclined to veto any post-
al pay raise average more than
71/2 per cent.
The President said he was con-
cerned "not only because of the
fiscal impact" of bigger raises for
500,000 Post Office employes, but
also because of the precedent it
would set for another bill affect-
ing a million Civil Service work-
ers.
Gieseking Concert
Set for Tuesday
Returning to the United States
for his first tour in 16 years, Walt-

Mayor T
Off-Stree
Paring
Tentative plans for.
parking system expans
that maywrea h-n-es
000,000 have been an
Mayor William E. Bro
Still in the study
plans will be submit
City Council sometime
mayor said.
He added that he ho
Sion may be made on t
early enough so that
might be started in t
At present, Ann A
parking lots and two ca
a total capacity of 1,
Outlining how ti
would be financed, M
said, "Not one nickel
mated $1,000,000 Ar
come from taxes. The
come from profits tha
made, are being made
made in the system."
The plans for expa
parking system are
formative phase.
Mayor Brown estim
ever, that the over-al
now considering would
present system to abou
capacity.
Included in the pr
possible parking facili
Joseph's Mercy Hosp
sity Hospital area.
Also under conside
parking area in the M
ness area.

YalIta R
r::1 Says Action
Makes Allies,
Mlore Uneasy
Knowland Believes
Release Beneficial
By The Associated Press
Adla E. Stevenson declared yes-
.terday publication of the Yalta
papers had "done nothing except
to add further anxiety to our al-
' lies about our trustworthiness."
Stevenson, in Albany for wha
he called "a personal and social
call" on Gov. Averell Harrimar
of New York, told reporters re-
lease of the documents "revealec
no more than the wise and far-
sighted judgment" of Gov. Harri-
man.
The governor, then U.S. ambas-
sador to Moscow, participated i
the Yalta talks 10 years ago.
George Comments
Meanwhile in Washington yes-
terday Sen. Walter George (D-
Ga.) said publication of the Yalta
hn Hirtzel record may make it difficult t
arrange conferences to establis
world peace.
Sen. George Is a Democrati
spokesman on foreign policy a
head of the Senate Foreign Rela
tions Committee. He said in an in
terview he believes "real harm'
a has been done efforts to reac
some peaceful settlement witi
Russia and its Communist allies
On the other hand, Sen. Wil
liam Knowland (R-Calif.) said h
foresees highly beneficial result
an off-street from making the record public.
ion program Sen. Knowland, the Senate Re
timated $1,- publican leader, has been in the
nounced by forefront of those charging tha
awn, Jr. Roosevelt made concessions to th
wn, Jr. Russians which helped put East
stage, the ern Europe .and China behind th
ted to the Iron Curtain.
in May, the Disclosures Discourage Secrecy
"If the disclosures discourag
opes a deci- two or three nations from thinkin
the proposal they can sit down behind close
the project doors-with no responsibility t
he fall. their elected representatives an
to the people-and proceed to par
Arbor's five cel out nations and peoples with
arports have out their consent, they will hav
054 cars, served their purpose," he declare
he project "Whether it be at Yalta, Pots
ayor Brown dam or Geneva, a useful purpos
of the esti- will be served if every official wh
ogram will participates in negotiations rea
lmoney will lizes that he has an ultimate ac
t have been counting to the people and tha
and will be his decisions will have to stan
the light of history."
nsion of the
still in the Highway Accident
mated, 'how- Two cars were towed awa
1 plan he is from an accidentrearly today a
F enlarge the Washtenaw and Stadium, but n
ut double its one was injured.
A car driven by a 17-year-ol
ogram is a boy hit the rear of another ce
ty in the St. and went over the embankmen
)ital-Univer- Police found a 15-year-old gi:
passenger in the boy's car lyin
ration is a on the ground. Taken to Univer,
ain St. busi- sity Hospital, she suffered no se
ious injuries.

Attack MSC
Prepayab let
Costs Plant
A Michigan State College propo-
sal allowing parents to prepay
their children's college education
was criticized yesterday by offi-
cials of Detroit's two universities.
The plan for prepaying college
expenses was made last week to the
State Board of Agriculture, MSC's
governing body, by College treas-
urer Philip J. May.
Pay Only $15 Monthly 1
If parents began the program3
when their children were young
enough, they could finance the ed-i
ucations on as little as $15 month-1
ly, May said. The fund would even-
tually cover four college years at
$1,200 a year.
The Rev. Fr. Celestin J. Steiner,
president of the University of De-
troit, said the plan was "a threat
to the freedom of choice a mature
18-year-old should be able to ex-
ercise when he is ready for col-
lege."
Olin E. Thomas, vice-president
of Wayne University in charge of
finances, said the plan would put
MSC in the banking or insurance
business. He said private compan-
ies are better equipped to provide
such service.
Under the MSC plan, a benefit
to the student-and his parents--
would be the possibility of a vir-
tually "free" senior year, enabled
by MSC's investment of the funds.
Parents Could Withdraw Money
Provisions would be made, ac-
cording to MSC President John A.
Hannah, for parents to withdraw
their investments if their children
were to enroll elsewhere.
President Hannah told the group
the plan springs from years of re-
quests, made by MSC parents, for
a plan allowing them to pay for
their children's educations in ad-
vance.
Both Father Stenier and Thom-
as said they had turned down of-
fers from banks, insurance firms
and financial houses to handle
similar prepayment plans.

elease

HAROLD STASSEN
... new appointee

ro Consider
International
Ban on Arms
Will concentrate
On Atom Control
WASHINGTON (P)-President
Dwight D. Eisenhower in history's
first action of its kind assigned
Harold Stassen yesterday to seek
practical ways of cutting down
world armaments.
He created a new position of
special president assistant, with
full Cabinet rank, and named
Stassen to it.
Stassen was charged with draft-
ng recommendations which, if
given top-level and congressional
approval "will become basic pol-
icy" on the question of disarma-
ment, a White House announce-
ment said.
Deal With Major Weapons
The broad study will deal with
all major weapons, with emphasis
on hydrogen and atomic bombs.-
All efforts to arrive at an atomic
control system have failed so far.
Russia balked at international in-
spection of the kind insisted upon
by the United States.
The President, in announcing
the appointment, noted that the
recent UN conference at London
on disarmament problems, brought
"no progress."
The Stassen appointment is be-
lieved to be the first attempt by
any nation to make disarmament
the full responsibility of a top
official.
Stassen, now director of the For-
eign Operations Administration,
told newsmen he will begin im-
mediately to make "a more thor-
ough and penetrating study of the
entire question of disarmament
than has ever been made before"
Remain FOA Head
He said he will continue con-
currently as head of FOA until
the Administration's foreign aid
program has been passed by Con-
gress, perhaps in June, then will
esign. FOA itself is scheduled to
go out of existence June 30, when
its functions are to go to other
agencies.
President Eisenhower made it
plain he is thinking of a program
avoiding "the tragic consequences
of unilateral disarmament" and
taking into account the threat of
aggression from heavily armed
Communist powers if Western
strength is low.
The announcement answered a
prevalent Washington question of
what job the Administration would
find for Stassen on the fold-up of
FOA.
Three times governor of Minne-
sota and twice a presidential can-
didate, Stassen gave President Ei-
senhower the nomination on the
first ballot in the 1952 convention
by releasing the Stassen favorite
son Minnesota delegation.
Still Gets FOA Salary
Stassen said he would continue
drawing his FOA salary-$22,000
a year-for the present. Presiden-
tial press secretary James E. Hag-
gerty told newsmen the new job
would pay the same as the four
other special presidential assist-
ants-$20,000 annually.
Until now, the broad develop-
ment of disarmament policies has
been the responsibility of Secre-
tary of State John Foster Dulles.
Negotiations toward carrying them
out have been handled by Henry
Cabot Lodge, head of the U.S.
delegation at the United Nations.

Two Riflemen
Killed on Way
To University
Two members of the University
of Cincinnati rifle team died Fri-
day in an auto accident while on
their way to Ann Arbor for a
match with the University ROTC
team.
Dead are Percy V. Morris, team
coach, and Stanley Meyer, a team
member. According to the Jones-
ville state police, the accident

''

MILITARY EXPERTS SAY:
U.S. Cannot Stop All Enemy Planes

Gold Key to Ann Arbor
Given to 'Santa Claus'

An unassuming man who spends
most of his year making Christ-
mas toys for handicapped child-
ren became the first local resident
to receive the key to the city.
"Santa Claus" Al Warnoff was
presented with a golden key to the
city of Ann Arbor and named by
Mayor William E. Brown as "citi-
zen extraordinary and honorary
employee of the city."
Warnoff has received more than
12 citations from civic groups as
well as presidents in his lifetime,
but his greatest thrill still comes

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This article, the
first in a series on civil defense, dis-
cusses the threats contained in an
enemy attack.)
By DICK SNYDER
In 1951, after a warning that
unidentified planes were heading
over the Pacific for the United
States, it was found that the door
to the bomb shelter in the White
House was jammed tight shut.
Executive aides of President
Harry S. Truman were still trying
to pry open the huge steel door
when another message was re-
ceived, informing them that the
earlier warning was garbled and
should be desregarded.
Civil Defense Needed
The incident bordered the ridic-

effect of atomic and hydrogen
bombs.
The atomic bomb has two char-
acteristics which a similar high
explosive weapon lacks: radiation
and intense heat. Radiation is the
most feared yet least lethal danger
of the bomb.
Only one out of eight Japanese
casualties during the Nagasaki and
Hiroshima bombings were due to
radiation sickness. Also, civil de-
fense authorities have said Amer-
ican cities are shielded to a great-
er extent than were the two Jap-
anese cities.
Transportation of Radioactives
Radioactive material is scat-
tered over an area in three ways.

tance depending on the enemy's
use of, weather in their planning.
Latest discoveryin the transpor-
tation of radioactive particles is
known as "fall out." "Fall out"
occurs when the material drops to
the earth, having been spread
across a large area by winds 10,000
to 50,000 feet above the earth's
surface.
'Fire Storms' Dangerous
Dangers from the heat of the
bomb derive from a man-made at-
mospheric condition known as a
"fire storm."
Such storms are caused by two
factors: the actual intense heat
which the bomb generates upon
explosion, and blast waves which,

m

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