TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1955
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Doctor Links Lung Cancer, Smoking
By LEE MARKS
Dr. Carl V. Weller, chairman of
the University's Department of
Pathology, claimed last night "an
association b e t w e e n cigarette
smoking and bronchogenic carci-
noma (cancer of the lung) has
He r dded, "An association, how-
ever, does not necessarily imply a
Speaking at t1e Wayne Univer-
sity Medical School, Dr. Weller
delivered the Wayne County Medi-
cal Society's annual Beaumont
Lecture on the subject, "Casual
Factors in Cancer of the Lung."
The pathologist said extrinsic
factors overshadow hereditary
ones as causes of lung cancer.
"It is fortunate," Dr. Weller
commented, "that bronchogenic
cancer does, not give evidence of
any potent hereditary factor. If
there is a hereditary pattern for
this peoplasm it . below the clini-
Dr. Weller declared that the
possible connection between lung'
cancer and smoking has become "a
matter of personal concern to mil-
lions" because of the alarming up-
swing in its incidenc and also
because it is now convincingly es-
tablished that lung cancer is not a,
Smoking Under Suspicion
"This pleasant habit (smoking)
has long been under suspicion be-
cause physicians frequently noted
its association with lung cancer,"
This year's Beaumont Lecture,
33rd in the Beaumont Lecture se-
ries, was an exhaustive analysis
of all significant statistical studies
of lung cancer.
Dr. Weller included an analysis
of studies which prove the increase
o flung cancer among smokers.
Presenting the history of lung
cancer in terms of other "carcino-
DR. CARL V. WELLER, Chairman of the University's Department
of Pathology, claimed yesterday a link has been established be-
tween lung cancer and cigarette smoking.
genic agents" (cancer producing
substances), including c o b a l t,
nickel, arsenic and radium, Dr.
Weller said his analysi nidicates
that the increase in the number of
cases of lung cancer is "contempo-
raneous with industrial soot, bitu-
Aignous surface roads, exhaust
products 'rom internal combustion
engines and cigarette smoking."
Commenting on the opinion of
some investigators that cancer is
in some way related to hazardous
occupations such as mining or
smelting ,the pathologist said, "It
is evident that the special liability
to lung cancer on the part of
workers from small occupational
groups is an inadequate explana-
to fit every need!
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tion for the increase in this di-
sease in the past 40 years."
Dr. Weller admitted that for
years he had resisted the grow-
ing statistical pressure to link
lung cancer with cigarette smok-
But, he added, "It must be con-
cluded that, by the prospective
method of statistical study, an as-
sociation has been demonstrated
between tobacco-smoking and car-
cinoma of the lung."
The Board of Regents voted at
their Jan. 21 meeting to establish
a senior college of the University
The college will take over the
present facilities of the Flint Jun-
ior College and will award bache-
lor's degrees in several fields, al-
though the curriculum has not yet
The Regents in their resolution
instructed University President
Harlan H. Hatcher to prepare a
"memorandum of agreement" with
the Mint Board of Education rec-
ognizing the basic responsibility of
the Regents in exercising general
supervision of the University and
control of expenditures.
In addition, President Hatcher is
to present a pattern of admnistra-
tion and a budget to be submitted
to the state legislature.
The college will probably begin
in the fall of 1956, with a first-
year budget of $250,000.
The move has historical prece-
dent in the 1840's and later when
the University had branches in
Grand Rapids, Kalamazoo and
Buildings, grounds and mainten-
ance will be provided by the Jun-3
University Broadcasting Ser-
vice, WUOM, is now purchas-
ing half-hour dramatic radio
scripts dealing with the lives
of national heroes throughout
Acceptable scripts for this
series, "Heroes 'Round the
World," will be paid for at a
flat rate of $200 for all rights.
The specific "Hero" for each
drama, the setting and a state-
ment of the heroic qualities to
be emphasized will be announc-
ed in periodic releases from the
WUOM Script Office.
Interested persons should
contact William Bender, Jr.,
University extension 2697.
6U' Accept s
Gifts and grants totalling $322,-
996.19 were accepted by the Re-
gents at their January meeting.
Largest donor was the National
Foundation for Infantile Paraly-
sis, Inc., of New York, with three
grants amounting to $167,980.
One grant of $153,699.90 is for
the Virology Laboratory Expense
Fund, $9,281 is to support serolog-
ical studies in connection with the
field trials of vaccine, and $5,000
is for the employment of an educa-
tional secretary at the respirator
Six grants amounting to $55,400
were accepted from the National
Science Foundation, Washington,
D.C. for research being conducted
by University professors.
From the estate of the late John
H. King of Muskoge County, Okla.,
the Regents accepted $13,374.52
for the John H. King Fund. This
fund will be used "to help poor
and worthy men to receive an ed-
ucation in the Law School."
Several gifts were accepted from
the E. I du Pont de Nemours and
Co. of Wilmington, Del., to renew
fellowships and research funds.
The Carnegie Endowment for
International Peace, of New York,
gave $7,010 to the Institute for
Sociel Research to be used for re-
search, meetings and travel in
connection with the preparation of
a manuscript on United States
public opinion towards the United
Medical Student Aid
C. Allen Harlan, of Detroit, has
given $5,000 for the Charles S.
Kennedy Scholarship Fund, used
to help students in the Medical
Three grants totalling $5,500
were accepted from the Upjohn
Co., of Kalamazoo, for fellowships
From Earl W. Bennett, of Mid-
land, the Regents accepted $5,000
as an addition to the Opthalmolo-
gical Research Fund under the di-
rection of Dr. F. Bruce Fralick.
The Elsa U. Pardee Foundation,
of Midland, has given $4,800 for
the foundation's cancer research
The Regents accepted $4,400 for
the Institute for Social Research
from the Social Science Research
Council in New York. The grant
is to meet expenses for an experi-
ment on the effects of multiple
group orientation on the foreign
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TAKING THE OATH-Commissioned in a special ceremony
Saturday were Army ROTC cadets Joseph Lloyd, William Stan-
sell, and Raymond Kenaga. Watching the cadets swear their
allegiance is Col. C. W. Land, Professor of Military Science and
Tactics at the University.
Three Army ROTC Cadets
Win 2nd Lieutenant Bars
To Show Detail
Three cadets of the University's
Armpy ROTC detachment were
commissioned in a special cere-
mony Saturday at the Temporary
Receiving their 2nd Lieutenant
bars were Raymond K. Kenaga,
'55Ed, Joseph W. Lloyd, '55BAD,
and William J. Stansell, '55. The
cadets were sworn in by Warrant
Officer W. J. Zschokke while Col.
C. W. Land, commanding officer
of the detachment looked on.
Stansell, a former member of
the Michigan National Guard, was
commissioned into the Armor
branch of the Army. While at-
tending the last summer encamp-
ment at Camp Grayling, he was
chosen as the outstanding guards-
man in the state. He was com-
missioned with the title of Dis-
tinguished Military Graduate.
Kenaga, who will serve duty in
the Infantry, holds a Varsity let-
ter at Michigan. He was a quar-
terback for the Wolverine foot-
ball team from 1951 through 1954.
Lloyd, a resident of Ann Arbor,
will enter the Army Ordnance
Admiral To Speak
Rear Admiral K. M. McManes
will address the Michigan Section
of the American Institute of Elec-
trical Engineers at 8 p.m. today at
Hotel Hayes, Jackson, Michigan..
Speaking on the topic "The Role
of the Engineer in War and
Peace," McManes will discuss na-
tional policies with respect to de-
fense and the military as person-
ally affecting the engineer.
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