Universitytuents Make Ohange fromSI
CHANGFE TO SGC-University student government underwent to Student Government Council. On the left Student Legislature cern for what might happen in the future. The next picture shows student government. A
a huge transition during the past year. Students, i an all-campus moves into its new temporary quarters the Quonset Hut building Ned Simon, '55, and Ruth Rossner, '55, who served as SL's last right of middle and evi
election December 8 and 9 voted by a three and a half to one last fall. Hints that its existence might be. short were already in president and vice-president. in the picture on the
majority to change student government from Student Legislature evidence, but SL at this time was operating without much con- The change came and students began preparing for the new of dormitories but wer
candidate for SGC speaks in the picture
dence of other campaign methods is shown
ar right. Posters not only lined the halls
G hagn:\ trefot
.. _w e_ anging on_.storefronts
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MARCH 13, 4955
Initiated SGC Plan
Van Antwerp Submitted Originalj
Brief for New Student Government
By MURRY FRYMER
When University President Harlan Hatcher authorized a Student
Affairs Study Committee in November, 1953, there was lit.tle expecta-
tion that a serious reorganization of student. government was
President Hatcher explained that the study was being undertaken
"not because we face any crisis" but "it would seem helpful if we had
a look at the SAC."
The Study group was headed by Prof. Lionel Laing, of the
political science department. It included Dean Earl V. Moore, of
the music school, Prof. Earl Brit-
T ton, of the engineering English
Student department, and Prof. Kenneth L.
Jones of the botany department,
Seen SOO ' Student members were Al Blum-
rosen, '53L, Pete Lardner, '54E,
and Sue Popkin, '54.
A 25-cent student tax to support; Before long the committee
the Student Government Council found the problem much larger
will be proposed to the Regents than the boundaries of SAC and
asked permission to discuss the
at an early spring meeting, ac- entire problem of student govern-
cording to Vice-President for Stu- ment.
dent Affairs James A. Lewis. With a special brief submitted
The proposed tax would be part by Malin Van Antwerp, '55L, last
ofthereglartudJanuary the committee set about
ofcteeuaremstuentfesco-examining questions of size, fin-
lected earasemestdet hsa d-ances, and powers of student gov-
Between four and five thousand ernment, coming up with a plan
dollars could be raised each se- for a Student Government Coun-
mester to operate SGC if the tax cI .C
were levied. cl
SAC it was said, was part of a
Collection of the 25-cent fee maze of inter-related organiza-
would begin next September if the tions in the field of student gov-
Regents give their efficial ap- ernment. It was recommended
proval this spring, that a more efficient system would
According to Vice-President embody the powers of both SAC
Lewis, until fall SGC will be fin- and the Student Legislature in.
anced by student activities funds. one group.
He has assured the student Question of Size
body that funds will be available The question of size of the SGC
to the new government until an brought the first protests. The
official .tax is operating. committee had decided that an
The new defunct Student Leg- 18-member SGC would be most
islature was financed by a $1,200 efficient, consisting of 11 elected
fund given by the University an- representatives, and 7 ex-officio
nually. This sum was delegated organizational members. SL mem-
to "incidental" expenses of the bers in particular were saying that
Legislature. the new group was too small for
In addition, SL entered into true representation.
various money-making operations The committee members sug-
to finance its work. gested that the many research
Cinema Guild movies every functions of student government
weekend of the school year and might be delegated to other com-
summer session brought in part pus organizations but this idea
of the Legislature's funds. Cam- ran aground when no one could
pus organizations sponsored the foresee how SGC might enforce
movies, splitting the profits with its delegation of projectsG
the Legislature. One plan provided for SGC
control of most campus groups,
In addition, the annual Home- but this too was protested and
rcoming Dance was sponsored by never incorporated "in the final
SL, bringing in another portion of plan.
income fo. operating expenses of The Student Government Cou-
the student government. cil plan was presented first to
The Legislature was only able President Hatcher in May,. r d
to build up a reserve fund in the then to the Board of Regents
last two and a half years of its' meeting in August. The Board
existence. During that time, a asked for further study.
By JOEL BERGER
Student Government Council's
Review Board will technically have
power to approve action taken by
the new SGC.
Under the terms of the SGC
proposal, the Review Board will
move into action whenever a
member of the Board requests it
within four days after publication
of the SGC action in the Daily
Members of the Board will i.n-
elude Dean of Men Walter B. Rea,
Dean of Women Deborah Bacon
and two students, one of whom
would be the Council president.
Three Faculty Members Appointed
In addition, three faculty mem-
bers have been appointed to the
Board by University President
Harlan H. Hatcher. They are Prof.
Lionel H. Laing of the political
science department, Prof. Leo
Schmidt of the business adminis-
tration school and Prof. Earl Brit-
ton of the engineering school.
President Hatcher approved the
three faculty members from possi-
bilities submitted by a Faculty
Senate sub committee in January.
While Prof. Schmidt and Prof.
Britton will serve two .and one
year terms respectively, Prof.
Laing, who was named for a three
year term, is now on .sabbatical
leave in Australia.
His position will be fillea by
Dean Walter J. Emmons of the
engineering school until Prof.
Laing's return here in June.
No Precedents Set
In the future one faculty ap-
pointment will be made annually
for a three year term.
Vice-President for Student Af-
fairs James A. Lewis has said no
precedents on naming one mem-
ber from each of the three schools
was being set. In the future, he
added, selections would not neces-
sarily be based on equal repre-
sentation of the schools.
Subject to review by the Board
will be any action taken by- SGC
originating student projects, mak-
ing appointments to the Joint
Judiciary Council or providing
means for discussing campus is-
In addition, the Review Board
will be empowered to reconsider!
SGC action appointing student
representatives to student-faculty
committees and organizations,
along with administering finances
which will be designated for SGC
Unless the Review Board de-
clares its intention to review an
SGC action within 96 hours of itsi
appearance in the DOB, the Coun-
cil's action would take effect.
Tnlike thep nrent Sturnt Af...
To Elect Eleven
Six Other Elections To Be Decided;
No Referenda To Appear on Ballots
By DAVE BAAD
Students will go to the polls Tuesday and Wednesday to chooe.
11 members for the new Student Government Council.
In addition students will elect nine J-Hop candidates, seven
for Union Vice-President, three for Board in Control for Student
Publications, four literary college senior class officers, four engineer-
ing school senior officers and one junior Board in Control fDr Inter-
collegiate Athletics member.
Although there was rumor of a driving ban referendum, no
referenda will be on the ballot at this election.
Climaxes Two-Week Campaign
The election climaxes two weeks of intensive campaigning which
saw aspirants for all elected positions hanging up posters, passing
out blotters and folders and mak- "
UNION PUBLICITY COMMITTEE PLANTS 'GET OUT THE VOTE' SIGN IN MIDDLE OF DIAG
FROM ALMOST SGC TO
Major* SL Accomplishments Traced
3 By JIM DYGERT
Strangely enough, Student Leg-
islature is leaving the University
in a turnabout of the way in
which is arrived.
In 1946, when an all-campus
student government was first
planned, two distinct ideas were
foremost in student minds.
One vas a Student Congress
composed of heads of campus
groups and a popularly-elected
nine-man council, something very
similar to the Student Govern-
ment Council now replacing SL.
Other Plan Selected
The other plan consister of
a Congress-Cabinet government
elected from the campus at large.
It was this latter proposal that
students selected in a campus ref-
erendum in March, 1947.
Now, eight years later, the cam-
pus is turning for effective stu-
dent government to the system it
Much has happened during that
eight-year span, and not all of it
substantiates claims of SL inef-
fectiveness. On the contrary, SL
has recorded several accomplish-,
ments in its history, success that
stand out in today's clamor for a
new student government.
SL's first major impression on
campus affairs was announced
boldly in The Daily of Feb. 27,
1949. After months of work by
committees from SL and the Uni-
versity Faculty Senate, the Board
of Regents ended the speech ban
which had prohibited political
speakers from speaking at open
campus meetings since April 1948.
During the same period, SL's
Campus Action Committee was
working toward better, communi-
cation between Regents and stu-
dents. Finally, a modified "Meet
Your Regents" program was ap-
SL made the headlines again
two years later with the contro-
versial bias clause issue, bringing
to the campus awareness of re-
strictive clauses in fraternity con-
The question has been raised by
an SL committee set up to study
ways to rid fraternity constitutions
of the clauses.
A bias bill was passed by the
Student Affairs Committee, giv-
ing organizations until 1956 to
remove their restrictive clauses.
But the bill met its death when
vetoed by University President!
Alexander G. Ruthven,
In the late spring of 1952, SL:
was finally able to obtain student
representation on ' the Lecture
Committee, which had been en-
trusted with the task of screening
speakers by the Regents when
the ban on poliical speakers was
Four Day Thanksgiving Weekend
Beginning in the fall of 1952,
students found themselves with a
four-day weekend when Thanks-
giving rolled around.
The vacation had previously
been a one-day affair, but SL had:
succeeded in getting the four-day
vacation on a two-year trial basis.
Just last fall, the four-day vaca-
tion was extended for another two-
ing speeches at the various fra-
ternity, sorority houses and dor-
Twenty-four candidates for the
11 SGC positions marks the first
time in several years the number
of candidates has doubled the
number of elected positions.
Thirty-three ran for 24 Studenit
Legislature openings last Decem-
There were 26 petitions turned
into Ruth Callahan's office at
1020 Administration Bldg. to' run
Shirlee Clark, '56, and Larry
Harris, '56, both SL members,
dropped out of the race for per-
sonal reasons. Harris, who had to
drop out of school temporarily last
semester because of bad health,
withdrew from the SGC contest
because of recurrance of his ill-
The 11 elected SGC members
will join seven ex-officio members
for the first SGC meeting Friday!
The ex-officio group includes
League President Lucy Landers;
55, Union President Tom Leo-
pold, '55, Interfratermnity Council
President Bob Weinbaum, '56,
Panhellenic President Barbara
Heider, '56, Assembly President
Hazel Frank, '56. Inter-House
Council President Stan Levy, '55,
and Daily Managing Editor Gene
In committee with the Dean of
Men Walter B. Rea, Dean of
Women Deborah Bacon, Vice-
President for Student Affairs
James A. Lewis, the three faculty
members of the Review Board, and
Mrs. Callahan the seven ex-offi-
cio members have met weekly,
since January to discuss SGC
Called the SGC steering com-
mittee, the members have direct-
ed the elections, made arrange-
a. C. . . - .. - _ _ . t . - . . 1 .
(For purposes of comparison
with the candidates running for
the eleven elected SGC positions;
the seven ex-officio members of
SGC also answered The Daily
questionnaire' which appears on
Page 2 of this supplement.)
GENE HARTWIG - Managing
Editor, The Michigan Daily
1) It will be important for the
success of Student Government
Council that its members realize
from the beginning the broad
scope of SGC as outlined in the
SGC will in fact be the all-cam-
pus student government and
should be willing to accept. the re-
sponsibility of tackling problems
affecting the entire student body
or which cut across the lines of
jurisdiction of other large and
small groups on campus.
Naturally the scope of SGC can
be expected to grow as new prob-
lem areas present themselves
where judicious solutions must be
2) I would first hope to see SGC
acquire a sound organization. I
would like to see the.council make
a stab at working out a more prac-
tical set of student driving regula-
tions in conjunction with other
interested groups, i.e., city and
3) SGC has been recognized by
the Regents as the all-campus
student government. Part of the
Council's responsibility is to regu-
late the external affairs of other
- nm mn c n-,r m n f a A nn'r a a f
Where To Vote Tuesday
Polling-places for the all-campus elections will be located
at the following:
1. Front of Women's Athletic Bldg.
2. Front of University Hospital.
3. Corner of N. University, E. University and Washtenaw-
near Waterman Gymnasium.
4. N. University entrance of the League.
Even before this, SL had energ-i
ed from a heated controversy over
library hours with a new policy
from the General Libraray of re-
maining open Sunday evenings, a
practice still here.
While the more controversial is-
sues monopolized the headlines,!
SL was busy gaining student rep-
resentation on student-faculty-
administration committees such as.
the Union Board of Directors and
the TTniversitv Calenaring Con--