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March 10, 1955 - Image 6

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1955-03-10

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THURSDAY, M"CH 10, 1955


Cancer Threats Alter Smoking Habits

Medical threats have caused half
Ann Arbor's smokers to change
their nicotine habits.
Findings of a recent survey tak-
en by the University's Survey Re-
search Center and Department of
Journalism reveal that eight per
cent of the cross-section sample
actually have given up the habit
Among those who did not quit,
one out of five changed to filter-
tip cigarettes, and the rest re-
duced cigaret use, changed brands,
or took up pipe smoking.
Three Factors
Three factors were involved in
the reaction to news relating
smoking and cancer:
1) W h e t h e r an individual
2) How much education he has
3) What his parents thought
about smoking.
Theother.half of the adults in-
terviewed said they did not smoke.
Four out of five had read articles
concerning the relationship be-
tween smoking and cancer.
Education Exaggerates
Education seemed to exaggerate
the tendency for people to fit the
"facts" into what they already be-
lieved. Among college graduates,
for example, those who smoked
were more likely -to be skeptical of
the relationship between smoking
and cancer than non-smokers.
Of those familiar with smoking-
cancer news, 70 per cent of the
smokers thought the evidence was
not conclusive, as compared with
only 38 per cent of the non-smok-
Men smokers had the edge over
women smokers. The survey shows
John Enders
Will Lecture
Key scientist in solution of the
polio problem, Dr. John Enders of
Harvard University and the Child-
ren's Hospital of Boston will de-
liver the annual Don W. Gude-
gunst Memorial Lecture at the
University Tuesday.
The Nobel Prize recipient will
talk on "Remarks. on the Present
Status of Knowledge Concerning
the Poliomyelitis Viruses."
Dr. Ender's lecture will be given
in the School of Public Health
Auditorium at 4 p.m.
In 1949, Dr. Enders and his two
associates, Dr. Thomas Weller
(son of University pathologist Dr.
Carl V. Weller) and Dr. Frederick
Robbins found a method for grow-
ing the polio virus in test tubes.
This discovery broke a crucial
bottleneck in polio research and
made' possible later discoveries by
Dr. Jonas Salk of the University
of Pittsburgh. All three men re-
ceived the Nobel Prize for medi-
cine last year.;

NICOTINE TEMPTATION-Student holds his cigarets at arm's
length upon hearing Survey Research Center project results.
that a higher percentage of the aimed at adult townspeople, find-
50 per cent smokers were men. ings of the research cannot be
Also, the women who do smoke applied to other communities be-
tend to be younger than women cause the study was made in a
who don't have the nicotine habit. university city-with a population
Even though the survey was which isn't typical.
Doctor Sees Possible Cancer
Preven ttive in Glut atione


Research by Dr. Jere M. Bauerv
of the Department of Internal
Medicine indicates a cancerous
body makes a valiant effort to
feed both itself and the cancer.
Eventually, though, the cancer
takes the lion's share of nutrient
and feeds off the rest of the body.
Studying the chemical changes
which lead to body wasting in the
late stages of cancer, the Univer-
sity scientist has found evidence
that a compound called glutatione
may play a key role in the situa-
American Cancer Society
These findings were reported
yesterday by the American Can-
cer Society which is supporting
Dr. Bauer's research.
Importance of the findings is
that it may be possible, by con-
trolling the amount of glutatione
in tissue of cancerous animals, -to
find a way to avoid some of the
wasting effects of cancer in hu-
Glutatione is composed of glu-
tamic acid, cysteine and glycine,
three, building blocks of protein.
It is present in all living plant and
animal cells.
Growth of Cells
Indications aire that this com-
pound m*y control the cell's con-
struction of protein and conse-

quently the growth of cells and
In cancerous mice, Dr. Bauer
reported, there is a progressive de-
crease in glutatione concentration
in those body tissues that lose pro-
Glutatione Varies
In the liver, however, the gluta-
tione varies during the course of
malignant growth in a way which
suggested it is connected with the
efforts of the liver to produce pro-
tein for its own use as well as sup-
plying blood proteins to be used
by other body tissues and the
growing cancer.
Dr. Bauer's work indicated that
one way in which a malignant
growth is able to take protein
from normal body tissues is to de-
crease the capacity of the normal
tissues to form and replace their
own protein.
In this way, the cancer weakens
the ability of normal tissues to
compete for available nutrients,
thus causing body waste.
Purchasing Talks
To Be Held Here

Of Driving
Ban Told
(Continued from Page 1)
the hands of a student committee.
But the pressure was on, and
the Board of Regents action
stood. Students paraded-on roll-
er skates-in front of old Univer-
sity Hall, the Student Council
passed resolutions and The Daily
More than tighter enforcement
of the driving ban was at stake in
the Regents move. It was passed
in order to eliminate wasted stu-
dent time, overstressing of social
distinctions, and to improve exist-
ing moral conditions, according to
the then Dean of Students Har-
vey C. Emery.
Students tried various ways to
get around the ban: the Dean's of-
fice issued a statement that "the
employment ofschauffeurs by stu-
dents to circumvent the ban" was
Measure Upheld
The State Attorney General, W.
W. Potter, upheldcthe constitu-
tionality of the act and pointed
out: "The rule of school authori-
ties extends beyond the class-
At almost regular intervals since
the ban was clamped on in 1927,
the student body has protested in
one way or other against the ac-
Since then, the policy has been
relaxed to allow certain categories
of students to qualify for exempt
or special driving permits; but for
most students, driving is still ver-
Most recent polling of student
opinion on the topic was at fall
campus elections in 1952. At that
time, 2,702 voted for complete re-
moval of the ban; 2,840 asked for
modified restrictions; and 1,782
voters favored maintaining the
status quo.
The results of the election were
passed on to the Regents, but no
action has been taken since.
(The next article in this series will
deal with the basic pros and cons
on the driving ban issue.
Theta Sigma Phi
Taps 4 Women
Theta Sigma Phi, national hon-
orary and professional fraternity
for women in journalism tapped
four new members last night.
They are Lorraine Dmock, '55,
Sue Garfield, '56, Sue Gilbert, '56
and Judy Wilson, '56.
To be eligible for membership,
women must be of junior or sen-
ior standing, maintain a "B" aver-
age in journalism courses and
overall "C" plus average and be
recommended by, the chairman of
the journalism department.
New Hearings Set
For Navidzadeh
Another in a series of deporta-
tion hearings for Buick Navidza-
deh, Grad., will be held at 4 p.m.
today in Detroit.
Navidzadeh's passpot has been
revoked by the Iranian govern-
ment and his deportation ordered
by the United States government.
However, the law student claims
he faces almost certain execution
if he returns to his native Iran.

Fountain Pens
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Read and Use
Daily Classifieds

Daily-Dick Gaskill
SQUIRBELY is an apt adjective for this character. Spring's ar-
rival bodes ill for this representative of a small but rapidly grow-
ing campus minority group. He and his are the most persecuted
of University creatures because a large canine population, with
nothing better to do than stalk squirrels, has filled the lot of
these rodents with peril. Continued warm weather will bring
all the squirrels back down to earth-to face canine aggression...
Civic Theater Celebrates
'Twenty -Fifth Birthday

Dean Brown Tells Cause
Of 'U' Engineering Rise

Celebrating its twenty-fifth an-
niversary this season, the Ann Ar-
bor Civic Theater considers itself
different from most community
theaters in that 95 per cent of
its actors are college graduates.
Ted Heuzel, director of the
group, explained it is necessary
for actors, and especially direc-
tors, "to be well-schooled in all
periods in order to understand and
interpret roles correctly."
Local Actors
The group includes actors main-
ly from the town, although Uni-
versity students and faculty fre-
quently take part in productions.
Plays which the group feels will
appeal to a majority of local the-
ater-goers are selected because
"theater has to be solvent in or-
der to run," Heuzel commented.
Taking this into consideration,
well-known plays are usually pre-
A play - reading committee
chooses the six scripts which will
be presented during the year. Act-
ing is in the hands of a special
casting committee.
All Take Part
With all phases of production
Tap eTen.
To the poor and oppressed-the
humble ones,
Your life of service is due,
The choice no longer is your own,
If a weak man asks for you.
The law is your mistress - your
staff of life,
And you must serve it well.-
If you can-and will-then rise,
speak up,
Answer the tolling bell.
Your type we need-able to lead,
You.. of courage and propriety.
It is you we seek and always claim,
For the Barristers Society.
Ned Bessemer, Esq., William
Cassebaum, Esq., Dick Dailey,
Esq., Howard Downs, Esq., Paul
Haerle, Esq., Arne Hovdesven, Esq.,
Bill Jentes, Esq.; Dick Jones, Esq.
Charlie Renfrew, Esq., Roger Wil-
kins, Esq.
CSP Meeting
Common Sense Party announces
a mass meeting at the Union at
Publicity for the election, and
other points of campaign strategy
are on the agenda..
Wayne-Major Airport at Romu-
lus, Michigan, is rated the second
largest airfield in acreage in the

delegated to various committees,
as many of the 900 active mem-
bers of the group as possible are
afforded an opportunity to take
A board of directors, elected by
the members for a period of four
years, is composed of local busi-
ness people and one University
faculty member, Prof. Anthony
Pasquariello of the romance lan-
guages department.
Isn't All Rosy
"However, it isn't all rosy,"
Heuzel smiled. "You still have to
fight to get people to work." He
-explained that after the novelty,
wears off, interested people are
sometimes hard to find. In addi-
tion, since the group is composed
of amateurs, other commitments
frequently deprive the theater of
actors and staff.
Heuzel was of the opinion that
community theater "is the salva-
vation of all theater. It gives the
people an outlet."
The final Civic Theater offer-
ing of the season, "The Country
Girl," by Clifford Odets, will be
presented 8 p.m. today, tomorrow
and Sat. at the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theater. Admission is $1.50.
The cast includes Ken MacDon-
ald as Frank, Bob Logan as Ber-
nie, Sally Replinger as Georgie,
Gordon Bagerow as the stage man-
ager, Herb Klein as Unger and
Mark Leudi as Phil Cook.
Professor Named
To Two Positions
Prof. Wilbert J. McKeachie, of
the psychology department, was
recently named to two posts.
He has been appointed chairman
of the policy and planning com-
mittee of the Conference of State
Psychological Associations. Prof.
McKeachie was also named a
member of the committee on un-
dergraduate research training of
the Social Science Research Coun-
Festival Ticket
Sales Begin Today
Single tickets for all six concerts
of the May Festival are now on
sale at the University Musical So-
ciety in Burton Tower.
Tickets are priced at $3, $2.50,
$2, and $1.50.
Included in the Festival will be
works by Orff, Beethoven, Tach-
akivosky, Bizet and Dello Joio.
Performers include Rise Stevens,
Rudolph Serkin, William Warfield
and the Philadelphia Orchestra.

With the large increase in en-
rollment at the University this se-
mester, the College of Engineering
has the second largest addition of
Dean George Granger Brown of
the Engineering School offers sev-
eral reasons for this sizeable in-
crease. "There are definitely more
students who are attending college
each year," he said,
"Naturallyhengineering will get
its share of these students." How-
ever the Dean went on to say that
one of the main reasons for the
increase was the growing demand
for engineers.
Discouragement in 1950
He pointed out that in Janu-
Scenarios Due
Scenarios are due today for
the Union Opera Script Con-
Entry blanks, which may be
picked up at the main desk of
the Union, shouldbe turned in
with the script at the main desk
or Room 3-G of the Union.
The script contest is open to
any male University student.
Further information may be ob-
tained from Jay Grant, NO
DAC To Present
Chevok, Fry Plays
Final Dramatic Arts Center pre-
senations of "The Boor" by An-
ton Chekov and "A Phoenix Too
Frequent" by Christopher Fry will
be presented 8:15 p.m. today
through Sat. and 2:30 p.m. Sun-
The double play-bill stars Rica
Martens, Irma Hurley, Ralph
Drisphell and James Coco.

Standard Rates Includes
LtCE NS UU N O 3-4156
LIE-lE NO 8-9757
Nye Motor Sales

ary 1950 in a Department of La-
bor Bulletin it was announced that
there were too many engineers and
that potential engineers would be
wise to change 'their course of
This bulletin received wide pub-
licity and many potential engi-
neers using this as their criterion
changed their plans. Therefore, a
wide decrease in attendance at
engineering schools throughout the
country came into effect from 1950
until 1954.
In the fall of 1950 the demand
for engineers was great. However .
the wide publicity of the bulletit.
took its effect and though the
need for engineers was actually so
great, the enrollment in shools
went down, Dean Brown went on
to say.
Salaries Upped
An increase in salaries for en-
gineers probably has also effect-
ed the increase in enrollment,
Dean Brown added.
The Dean was emphatic in
pointing out the- scholastic duffi-,
culties in engineering school are
accountable in a large part to poor
background in English and mathe-
matics in the high schools. He
pointed out that potential engi-
neers who have an inadequate
background in these subjects have
difficulty in readily comprehend-
ing the work in the various courses
in science and engineering.



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