THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, MARCB 9, 1955
PAflI! FOTIR THE MICHIGAN DAILY TUESDAY, MARCH 5,1955
Brownell Seeks To Make
"Remember Now-Don't Make Any Sudden Moves"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Perjury Proof Easier
ON SUNDAY, Attorney General Herbert
Brownell Jr. again asked Congress to make
it easier for the Government to prove alleged
The proposed legislation, first requested by
Brownell last year, would make merely the
"willful giving" of contradictory statements
under oath grounds for perjury prosecution.
Under existing law, the Government must
prove which of the two statements made is
true and which is false by producing two in-
dependent witnesses or one independent wit-
ness and corroborative documents.
IF THE LAW had been passed when first re-
quested a year ago, perhaps people like
Harvey Matusow would not now be running
around blatantly proclaiming how they had
cheated justice. Matusow, a former Commu-
nist, admitted that he lied on the witness
stand. But in order for the Government '(
bring a perjury case against him, they would
have to prove which of his statements was
false and produce two witnesses or one wit-
ness and the necessary documentary evidence
to support their allegations. Matusow, though
a self-proclaimed, liar, has stated that he will
not plead guilty to any perjury charges
brought against him.
Regrettably, even if the law were passed im-
mediately, Matusow and others like him would
go scot-free because of the Constitutional pro-
hibition on ex post facto legislation. Matusow
is only one man-no doubt others will follow
his none-too-savory example.
THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT and Brownell
himself however, are not entirely innocent
in this matter. Perhaps they place the tempta-
tion to lie in the paths of their witnesses.
These witnesses are paid by the government
to reveal facts they have learned about Com-
munists. If the witnesses don't produce good
stories, they face the possibility of losing their
incomes. Since they don't wish to lose money,
some of them lie. The Justice Department
should make some effort to check up on their
witnesses' stories before putting them on the
Our laws were set up to protect the innocent,
not the guilty, but, unfortunately, they don't
always, work that way. Brownell has proposed
a partial solution. It is now up to Conress to
act on it.
A FEW days ago, I advanced the theory that
through a continuing diffusion of the na-
tion's wealth-particularly corporate stocks--
the United States is approaching communism.
The communism referred to was, I suppose,
only one aspect of communist theory, although,
it was the literal definition of communism--
common ownership of wealth. This aspect
concerns the material equalitarianism of com-
munist theory, an idealism, almost religious,
for equal ownership of wealth. .
Communism is paradoxical in that it is
basically materialistic, but idealistically so.
We are materialistic in a different way, which
is not so idealistic, except as we regard freedom
an ideal, which is not materialistic. We, too, are
paradoxical. Our idealism is interested in pre-
serving individualism in our materialistic pur-
suits, even leaving each of us free not to be
materialistic if we choose.
FET COMMUNISM is materialistic first, and
idealistic second, setting up a collective ma-
terialistic goal as a vague ideal and a set of
means that do not include individual freedom.
The basic conflict between communism and
capitalism-democracy is not one of ideals, but
of means. They are both materialistic, but dif-
fer in the means to the goal. Finally, in Com.e
munism the goal is the ideal; in capitalism-
democracy, the means is the ideal.
Communism's ultimate goal (at least one of
them if there are more) is a material equality.
We have never been particularly avid on this
score. In this country, it has always been to
each according to his ability, which may or
may not be the proper way to look at it.
One thing this outlook will do, I think, is
gradually bring us.closer to communism's ideal
of material equality than collectivism can ever
hope to do, and it will do so peacefully. It
must be remembered, of course, that equality
can only be approached, for it cannot even be
WE ARE APPROACHING this equality of
wealth (or decreasing the inequality),
through a tendency of corporate stocks to be
spread more widely in ownership throughout
the population. Two very important factors
have caused this tendency in the past, and
should be even more important in the future.
One is that everyone is becoming more edu-
cated to stock ownership through the con-
tof Economy V
scious efforts of corporations, stock exchanges,
and brokers to so educate the public. Corpora-
tions offer stock acquisition programs to em-
ployes, the exchanges urge smaller income
groups to participate in the buying of shares,
and brokers have even offered installment buy-
The other factor is that incomes are tend-
ing toward equality, which is a necessary
prerequisite to wealth's tending toward equal-
ity. According to Simon Kuznets in "Shares of
Upper Income Groups in Income and Sav-
ings," published in 1953, the share of the top
five per cent of the nation's population in dis-
posable income dropped from 27 to 18 per
cent from 1939 to 1946.
ALTHOUGH a tendency toward equality of
incomes is a necessary prerequisite of a
tendency toward equality of wealth, it is not a
sufficient condition. It is further necessary
that more people use a part of the income to
obtain and hold wealth in the form of corpor-
ate stocks. In 1952, eight percent and 9.5 per-
cent of the nation's spending units owned pub-
licly held stock, according to two independent
studies, respectively. A more crucial question
is what the future holds.
It is my opinion that the increased empha-
sis on the average man's owning stock and the
basic dynamism of our economy, the drive to
keep up with the Joneses, will bring a greater
diffusion of stock ownership in the future,
thus approaching nearer the communistic goal
of material equality.
THE DIFFERENCE of course is in the means.
We can approach material equality with-
out ever setting it up as a goal, instead keeping
the dynamism needed for a progressive econo-
my by retaining individual enterprise and in-
dividual materialism rather than the collec-
tive of either.
It is somewhat ironic that the very aspect
of capitalism that was theorized to necessitate
its downfall is the one that may briing us
closer to a goal, anq on a higher level of liv-
ing, than capitalism's predicted successor has
so far been able to do elsewhere.
And it must be realized that as we approach
a material equality we also approach a com-
munism, or the aspect of it that most closely
resembles its definition.
WASHINGTON - Secretary of
State Dulles, meeting with
U.S. Ambassadors to 15 Asian
countries last week, ' told them
there would be no more retreats
in Asia. This will be welcome
news to a lot of people.
However, standing firm in Asia
without war is a tough proposi-
tion, and in all humility I would
like to suggest a strategy which
we might use against the Chinese
Reds in the Far East.
The strategy is quite simple. I
would adopt exactly the same tac-
tics as the Chinese, Indians, and
other Orientals use against us
when they have found themselves
in a tight spot. I would use the
There are other names for this
strategy. The Indians call it pas-
sive resistance. Westerners some-
times call it a blockade. But it all
amounts to the same thing-re-
fusing to have any dealings, busi-
ness, economic, political, or other-
wise with a high-handed or ag-
Chiang Once a Red Leader
THE. CHINESE COMMUNISTS
have also employed this strat-
egy with great success. In 1925 I
was in Canton when that city
was controlled by the first wave
of Communists to agitate China.
Their leader was then none other
than Chiang Kai-shek, the rather
uncertain reed on whom we ledn
today. At that time Chiang was
in command of the Whampoa
cadets south of Canton on the
PearlRiver, and Comrade Mikhail
Markovich Borodin was sent di-
rect from Moscow to train these
But though Chiang sent threats
to American shipping not to come
up the Pearl River past his fort,
those threats were as empty as the
threats he makes against the Reds
What was effective, however,
and deadly effective, was the boy-
cott which Chiang's Communist
comrades in Canton enforced
against the American-British-In-
ternational community of Sha-
meen, an island adjacent to Can-
No Chinese servants, no food,
no water was permitted on the
island. Business came to an ab-
solute stop. Grass grew in the
streets. It had to be cut with a
lawn-mower. The American Con-
sul swept out his own office. I
used to see the Italian Consul,
majestically bearded, hauling gro-
ceries from the International
Commissary on a child's express
1HISTYPE of boycott, I repeat,
is old hat in the Orient. It's
an Oriental weapon which the
Orientals understand, and it's
been foolish on our part not to
have applied it long ago-in the
form of a naval blockade.
Naturally there has been talk
of a blockade in the past, but
there have been two main reasons
why it hasn't been adopted:
1. The proposals have come
from military men, notably Ad-,
miral Arthur Radford, which has
scared the wits out of our friends
and allies. A boycott or blockade
is more a political than a military
operation, and military men
should quit putting their feet in
2. British businessmen and the
British Government have put
trade ahead of peace. They have
insisted on poking trade holes in
the bamboo curtain. Other Euro-
pean businessmen, especially the
Greeks, have joined in the Chi-
nese trade, but the British have
been the worst offenders.
However, the fact remains that
Red China is fairly easy to boy-
cott. For China is by no means
self-sustaining and could not pos-
sibly subsist during a long period
with outside goods shut off..
All the United States has to do
is keep the U.S. Navy off the Chi-
na coast and world trade with
China could come to a dead stop.
The trickle of goods coming across
the Trans-Siberian Railway could
not maintain the Chinese Army.
The boycott-blockade would be
easier if other nations participat-
ed; and with proper diplomacy
at the United Nations this might
be arranged. However, it could
also be maintained by the U.S.
Navy without any outside help.
Actually, even Chiang Kai-
shek's moth-eaten fleet was able
to stop much of the shipping pass-
ing up and down the Formosal
Roosevelt Almost Blockaded
THE STRATEGY of a naval
blockade-boycott of the China
coast was first proposed in 1936
by Admiral William Leahy, top
naval adviser to Roosevelt. Leahy
was not a loud-talking Admiral
S+"b 4 .:
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.i ' \
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
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(Continued from Page 2)
To the Editor:
IN 1945, General Eisenhower ex-
plained to General Zhukov how
difficult it would be for the USA
to organize a war of aggression
because Congress would have to
debate and appropriate funds.
The facts contradict this myth.
On at least 159 occasions, Amer-
ican Presidents have sent armed
forces abroad and always acquies-
cing Congresses have appropriated
the funds. Furthermore, Congress
has "never refused to authorize
war when requested by the Presi-
dent." The source for this infor-
mation is-U.S. Congress, House of
Representatives, Committee on
Foreign Affairs: Background In-
formation on the Use of United
States Armed Forces in Foreign
Countries, House report No. 127,
Feb. 20, 1951, especially pp. 15, 19,
55 ff. (Also, C. H. Hamlin: The
War Myth in U.S. History, 1927;
Mauritz A. Hallgren: The Tragic
Fallacy-A Study of America's
War Policies, 1937, p. 207.)
The hasty and almost unani-
mous congressional approval of
the Eisenhower resolution on For-
mosa also emphasizes this. The
people cannot depend on their
elected congressmen to restrain
the Executive from embarking on
"bluffs for peace" or war.
Now, Mr. Eisenhower declares
that proponents of the $20 tax
cut per person lack courage. They
join their proposal to a bill ex-
tending corporate income and ex-
cise taxes-instead of considering
the cut on its own merits. He is
He taught them. They merely
follow in his footsteps. Weeks
earlier, he was foremost among
the sponsors of the draft law ex-
tension. 'They related their pro-
posal to events surrounding his
Formosa resolution and the inter-
national tension it accentuated.
Uncertainty and insecurity af-
flicted the congressmen; in this
condition, hastily they approved
the draft law extension for four
"Courage"-the teacher would
assert. But he should remember.
What's sauce for the goose can be
sauce for the gander, also.
On the Ides .. .
To the Editor:
RE the controversy over the Ber-
lin Orchestra and its Nazi or
former Nazi taint, Mr. Mike
Sharpe of the Labor Youth League
in protesting the appearance of
the orchestra makes the comment:
"No welcome to Germans who
have not renounced Nazism and
militarism." As regards the mili-
tary factor in this statement, I
very much doubt if Mr. Sharpe or
the Labor Youth League has re-
nounced militarism on their own
behalf. As to the political factor,
Nazism, however obnoxious it may
seem, must be accorded the status
of that obnoxious opinion we must
tolerate if we are to have freedom
for our own "enlightened views."
For example, our treatment of the
American Indian and Negro, and
the treatment of political dissi-
dents of any ism in Soviet Russia.
And Mr. Scota, also wielding his
own enlightened wand of suppres-
sion, says, "You, who will be sit-
ting in the audience on March
15th, will be listening to an orch-
estra whose conductor, manager,
and some of whose members were
part of a movement that engaged
in wholesale slaughter."
ers. At least this charge cannot be
brought against any members of
the Berlin Orchestra at the pres-
ent time. I just don't see why
anyone, except the hopelessly de-
luded, should feel uncomfortable
at this slaughterer's soiree. Not
even the pacifists, who must be
quite accustomed now to guilt-by-
So let's have a good time every-
body. Only the music counts, even
on the Ides of March.
--E. R. Karr
* * *
Notes Overlooked .. .
To the Editor:
For those who believe that the
Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra is
an organization dedicated solely
to music, the following bits of in-
formation might prove enlighten-
1) The orchestra opened its New
York concert on Wednesday night
by playing "Deutschland Uber Al-
les" (Germany Over All). This
song exemplifies the worst in Ger-
man chauvinism. When the Allied
armies entered Germany, they
rightly banned this song. Now,
however, with the revival of Naz-
ism, it has again gained such "re-
spectability" that it was even
played in New York under the
direction of a leading Nazi.
2) In its American tour the
Berlin Orchestra has, for some
strange reason,' played only the
works of composers who met the
approval of Hitler. The works of
such noted composers as Mendel-
ssohn, Mahler, Hindemith, Kurt
Weill or Ernest Kreneck have thus
far not been played. The works
of these composers (and many
others) were banned under the
Nazi regime. While I know that
an orchestra cannot play every
composer, I maintain that it is a
bit strange that an orchestra,
which claims it is solely dedicated
to music, should overlook the
music of precisely the same people
whom Hitler banned. In fact, I
would think that if the members
of the orchestra were sorry about
their Nazi connections or if they
were forced to join Nazi party
they would make it a point to play
at least some of the works pro-
hibited by Hitler.
In closing I would like to call
to mind to those people who claim
that we must accept the Berlin
Orchestra because the Nazis are
now our allies the following adage:
"I can take care of my enemies,
but, God, protect me from my
* * *
To the Editor:
THE BERLIN Symphony ques-
tion certainly poses a problem
for many of us, and I doubt that I
can satisfactorily solve it for my-
self. I am a Jew, a believer in the
Zionist cause, and can quite nat-
urally concur with them that "op-
posing the concert is symbolic pro-
test, a means of positively remind-
ing those who may be forgetting"
the Nazi regime. However, I also
agree with thoseopposing the pro-
test that actions such as boycot-
ting the Berlin Symphony will do
nothing toward building a better
world and in fact will hamper its
realization. Admittedly there are
good points pro and con which
were well expressed early in the
debate, but now it appears some
malicious prejudice has crept in as
evidenced by some of the letters
appearing in The Sunday Daily.
One of these accuses Mr. Sirota
of hypocrisy, intolerance and "be-
cal Process, Analysis Eng'g., Industrial-f
Detroit Edison Co., Detroit, Mich.-
B.S. & M.S. In Elect., Mech., Nuclear E.,
and Physics for Summer and Regular
Elect. System Planning & Operations
Engr., Power Plant Production Oper-d
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in Mech., Chem. E., and Chem. for Re-
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and Physics for Research, Dev., Design,I
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For appointments contact the Engrg,.
Placement Office, ext. 2182, 248 W.,
Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Akron,I
Ohio-men in LS&A and BusAd for
Sales, Accounting, Credit, and Retread
Production Manger opportunities.
Scott Paper Co., Chester, Penn. - 1
LS&A and BusAd men for Gen'1 Man-I
agement Training, Sales, Accounting,I
Purchasing, Traffic, Production Man-1
agement, and Personnel.
Thurs., March 10-
General Electric Co., Aircraft Gas
Turbine Div., Cincinnati, Ohio-Tech.I
women with Mth. and Physics majors1
and minors for positions in Cincinnati,R
Schenectady, N.Y., Pittsfield, N.Y., and
Ft. Wayne, In'd. Will talk to Juniors
and Sophomores about futures in this
field. Will interview non-tech. womenI
in BusAd or LS&A for office positions4
Chase National Bank of the City of
New York--June men in LS&A and
BusAd for training for Commercial
Banking Coreer. Branches are in New
York City area and in foreign countries.
International Harvester Co., Chicago,
111.-men in BusAd, Liberal Arts, Com-
merce and Engrg. for Motor Truck and
General Sales. Positions in Michigan
and upper Ohio.'
Mutual Life Insurance Co. of New
York-men with Mth. majors, Econo-
mic or Business majors for positions as
Actuarial Trainees and Management
Wed. & Thurs., March 9 & 10-
Proctor & Gamble Co., Cincinnati,
Ohio-men in Science (Psychology, Bi-
ology, Math., Physics) and Economics
for Factory Management Training Pro-
Fri., March 11-
Northern Trust Co., Chicago, Il.-
men in LS&A and BusAd for General
Openings in Trust, Banking, Operating,
and Staff Deprtments.
Campbell Soup Co., Chicago, Ill.-
men with majors in Accounting, In-
dustrial Management and Chemistry
for Departmental Training in Manage-
ment and Accounting.
For appointments contact the Bureau
of Appointments, Ext. 371, room 3528,
Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind.
-needs a Draftsman in the Office of the
New York Civil Service Commission-
announces positions open for Case
Workers in local public welfare depart-
ments. Open to college graduates and
seniors who will receive their degrees by
July 1955. Courses should inclue sociol-
ogy, psychology and/or allied sciences.
Applications will be accepted up to
April 1, 1955. Open to all qualified U.S.
New York CSC also announces exams
for Insurance Sales Representative, Ma-
tron, Compensation Claims Investigation
and Compensation investigator, Senior
Account Clerk, Bridge Repair Foreman,
Construction Wage Rate Investigator,
Associate in Industrial Education, Sup-
ervisor of Case Work, Senior Nurse-all
are open to N. Y.state residents and ap-
plications are accepted up to April 1,
1955. Open to any qualified citizens ofa
the U.S. are positions of Senior Social
Worker, and Superintendent of Recre-
ation-closing date April 1, 1955. The
position of Senior Office Machine Oper-
ator is open until April 1, to residents
of Bronx, Kings, Nassau, New York,
Queens, Richmond or Suffolk. Position
of Thruway Toll Collector is open to
New York state residents up to April
Engineering Lecture, auspices of Tau
Beta Pi. Dr. Harold S. Osborne, Paul G.
Agnew Foundation. Standards-A Tool
for the Young Engineer." Wed., March
9, at 8:00 p.m. in Auditorium D, An-
gel Hall. Open to public.
Aeronautical Engineering L e t u r e.
Wed., March 9, 4:00 p.m., in Room 1504
East Engineering Building. "Current
Aircraft Design Problems," R. R. Heppe,
Department Head, Aerodynamics, Lock-
heed Aircraft Corporation.
Military Science Lecture, "The Civil
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Eugene Hartwig .Managing Editor
Dorothy Myers ... .......City Editor
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Becky Conrad ...... ...Associate Editor
Nan Swinehart .......Associate Editor
David Livingston......Sports Editor
Hanley Gurwin ....Assoc. Spo-ts Editor
.arr n er Associate Sports Editor
Roz Shimovitz.........Women's Editor
Janet Smith Associate Women's Editor
John Hirtzel.......Chief Photographer
Lois Pollak.........Business Manager
Phil Brunskill, Assoc. Business Manager
Bill Wise........Advertising Manager
Mary Jean Monkoski .Finance Manager
Telephone NO 23-24-1
War." Dwight L. Dumond, professor of
history, Wed., March 9, 7:30 p.m. in
Auditorium C, Angell Hall. Public in-
Honors Program in Psychology. Stu-
dents interested in entering'the program
next year should apply to Mr. Heyns,
Room 6632 Haven Hall, before March'
19. Office Hours: Tues. and Thurs., 9:00-
11:00 a.m., other times by appointment,
Faculty, College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts: The freshman five-week
progress reports will be due Fri., March
11, in the Faculty Counselors' Office
for Freshmen and Sophomores, 1210
Engineering Mechanics Seminar. Dr.
E. Y.- Hsu, Physicist, David Taylor
Model Basin, Washington, D.C., will
speak on "Calculation of Viscous Drag
for Bodies of Revolution" at 3:45 p.m.
Tues., March 8. in Room 101, West En-
Seminar in Complex Variables will
meet Tues., March 8, at 2:00 p.m. in
247 West Engineering. Prof. Wilfred
Kaplan will speak on Some Classical
Results of Schwarz, Hadamard, Mntel,
Biophysics Colloquium. 4:00 p.m.
Tues., March 8, In Room 1041, Randal
Physics Laboratory. Dr. R. Parrish will
give a talk on "X-Ray Analysis of the
Structure of Haemoglobin."
Seminar in Chemical Physics. Tues.,
March 8 at 4:10 p.m. in Room 2308
Chemistry. Dr. R. C. Taylor will speak
on "Recent Approaches to the Evalua-
tion of Force Constants."
Student Recital. Justine Votypa, p1-
anist, will perform at 8:30 p.m., Wed.,
March 9, in Rackham Assembly Hall.
Her program, in partial fulfillment of
the requirements for the Master of Mu-
sic degree, will include four Early Ital-
ian Pierces, and works by Bach, Piston,
Schumann, Ravel, Griffes, and Finney.
Miss Votypka is a pupil of Benning
Dexter, and the recital will be open to
Deutscher Verein. Program Tues.,
Mar. 8 at 7:30 p.m. in Room 3R of the
Union. Movies, a comedy skit, real Ger-
man cake and coffee.
The Film Forum on International
Education will feature a film on the
teaching of controversial issues-"Free-
dom to Learn." Sponsored by the Na-
tional Education Association, 4:15 p.m.
in Aud. A, Angell Hall, Tues., Mar. 8.
Hillel. Tues., 8:00 p.m. Mrs. Raphael
Tourover, Washington Representative
of Hadassah will speak on "American
Foreign Policy in the Middle East."
Sponsored by Student Zionist Organ-
Mathematics Club will meet Tues.,
March 8, at 8:00 p.m.in West Confer-
ence Room, Raekham Bldg. Prof. P. S.
Jones will speak on "The Early Devel-
opment of the Concept of Complex
La Socedad Hispanica. Vengan todos
a la Tertulia Informal coffee hour is
held every Tues. from 3:30 - 5:00 p.m.
in the Michigan Union cafeteria. Fac-
ulty members are always there.
Lutheran Student Association. Tues.,
7:15 p.m. We will study Thomas Aquin-
as and Erasmus at the class on Great
Leaders of the Christian Church. Cor-
ner of Hill St. and Forest Ave.
The Congregational - Disciples Guild.
4:30-5:45 p.m., Tea at the Guild House.
Episcopal Student Foundation. Stu-
dent and Faculty-conducted Evensong
Tues., March 8, at 5:15 p.m., in the
Chapel of St. Michael and All Angels.
Actuarial Review Class. March 8, at
3:10 p.m. in Room 3010 Angell Hall. Al-
Weekly Square Dance at Lane Hall
this evening from 7:30-10:00 p.m.
Frosh Weekend. Maize Team Finance
Committee will meet today in the
League at 4:45 p.m.
Hillelzapoppin Meeting -at Hillel
Tues. at 7:15 p.m. for all men and
women Interested in acting, singing,
dancing, or working on costumes and
scenery for the Hillelzapoppin Inde-
Le Cercle Francais will meet Wed.,
Mar. 9 at 8:00 p.m. in the Women's
League. Slides of -modern French
painting from Corbet to Matisse will
be shown by C. G. Christofides of the
Romance Language Department. Dis-
cussion and refreshments.
Student Chapter of the American
Society of Civil Engineers will meet
Wed., March 9, at 7:00 p.m. in the Men's
Union. Lester Stair, a research engi-
neer at Willow Run Hydraulics Lab-
oratory, will speak on, "Harbor Shel-
ters in Ports of the Great Lakes."
Political Science Round Table will
meet Wed., March 9, at 7:45 p.m. at the
Michigan League. Prof. Samuel Beer,
Chairman of the Department of Gov-
ernment at Harvard University, wifl
speak on, "British Politics." Open to
Lutheran Student Association. Wed.
Mar. 9, 7:30 p.m. Meditations based on
"The Seven Last Words from the
Cross," this week on the third word.
Corner of Hill St. and Forest Ave.
Generation Fiction Staff will meet
Wed., Mar. 9 at 3:00 p.m. in Publica-
tions Bldg. Both old and new members
should attend. If possible, each member
should read the story manuscripts
sometime before the meeting.
Hillel. Wed., Mar. 9, 8:00 pm. Hillel
Lecture Series. Rabbi Max Kapustin,
Director of Hillel Foundation at Wayne
University will speak on; "Torah-A Way
of Life: The History and Meaning of
1 9 11 i
At Hill Auditorium ...
ZINO FRANCESCATTI, violinist, with Ar-
thur Balsam, pianist.
PROGRAM: Brahms, Sonata No. 2 in A ma-
jor; Bach, Solo Sonata in C major; Ravel,
Sonata; Pieces by Konstantinoff, Valle, and
THE BRAHMS SONATA which opened last
night's recital begins with a statement by
the piano of the opening theme, interrupted by
a couple of tiny four-note phrases in the violin,
The beauty of tone and attention to phrasing
and dynamics with which Mr. Francescatti
played this simple passage set the tone for
the entire recital. He is a performer of intense
but unpretentious musicality, and everything
he plays has the ring of authority as well as ex-
cellent technical control of the instrunent. The
Brahms was given a quiet, unhurried reading by
both violinist and pianist, and the climaxes
took on all the more power for their contrast
to the serene quality of the rest. It seemed to
me that the last movement was a little less
successful in its pacing than the rest, but I
couldn't analyze the difficulty, so perhaps the
fault was not in the playing, but in my attentive
The unaccompanied Bach sonata suffered
and the compromises that the performer must
thus make with the printed music. But Mr.
Francescatti surmounted these difficulties
amazingly well, His interpretation was clear,
well-planned, and extraordinarily accurate in-
tonation-wise. Also impressive was, in the last
movement, the way in which he differentiated
melodic line and accompanying "busywork."
THE RAVEL SONATA is a smoothly written,
effective work composed with Ravel's un-
failing gift for idiomatic instrumental writing.
It was played with the elegance and verve that
such a composition needs, and the humor of the
delightfully ludicrous middle movement was
captured fully. The piano part of this work is
at least the equal in importance of the violin
part, and Mr. Balsam played it to perfection.
His playing throughout the recital was virtual-
ly beyond criticism both pianistically and in
ensemble with the violinist. The recital con-
cluded with a likeable little Berceuse by Kon-
stantinoff, Folguedo Campestre by Valle, and.
an interminable set of variations by Paganini
on The Carnival of Venice. Mr. Francescatti's
playing was impeccable, but the let-down here
in musical quality was unfortunate. It's just too
bad that there are few virtuosic violin pieces of
real musical content. Encores were Schumann's