'EMU MiCMGATN DAILY
TtiUKaIlAY, ALkRLU 3, I95i
PAGE FOUR 1ilk MICUIiAN DAILY X1iVM~A)A~, MAkt~UU ~, J*&&
MSC NAME CHANGE:
what To Call that Other
School: Two Views
UNIVERSITY REGENTS went on record last
week strongly objecting to Michigan State
College's attempted name change to Michigan
State University. Fundamental objections as
enunciated by Regent Bonisteel centered on
probably confusion inherent in having two
Universities in one state.
Actions indicate the Regents consider this
name change an important issue. They con-
sumed most of their last meeting talking about
the alteration and last spring even called a
special meeting to discuss the problem.
The Regents are completely overestimating
the import of the change. Their objections seem
to border on pettishness. Michigan State (of-
ficially Michigan State College of Agriculture
and Applied Science) qualifies as a university.
The school is definitely more than its present
name implies. State has a literary college, en-
gineering school, business administration
school, hotel management school and graduate
CONFUSION ALREADY exists between the
names of the two schools, simply because
they are both major schools and both are in
Michigan. Commonly the two schools have
always been referred to as Michigan and Mi-
chigan State. This wouldn't change by replac-
ing college with University.
Recently Pennsylvania State College changed
to Pennsylvania State University without much
resultant confusion. Florida State University
and University of Florida and Ohio State Uni-
versity and Ohio University also exist together
without too much difficulty.
Students here should not quibble with the
name change. Confusion is the surface argu-
ment but there seems to be underlying inclina-
tion to begrudge State equality as a Univer-
sity, because of some "lack of intellectualism."
More time spent building our name and less
fighting State's would have a more beneficial
Michigan State University stressed that we in
Ann Arbor recognize that MSC does not have
university status; only the uninformed will
take the position that MSC should not be
given the name "University." In terms of grad-
uate programs it has university status.
The main reason for taking the stand the
University officially has taken is one of avoid-
ing confusion. President Hatcher has cited in-
cidents in New York, Florida, Pennsylvania and
Ohio where there is a state university and a
state land grant college that have names as
similar as the University of Michigan and Mi-
chigan State University and serious confusion
It is with the aim of solving the Michigan
problem in an adult manner that officials from
the two schools are planning a meeting to dis-
cuss the name of MSC. Instead of bickering
about the title Michigan State University, we
hope a complete change of name for MSC that
includes the word "university," will be accepted.
STUDENTS IN East Lansing are doing some
work on this issue. An announcement in
the Michigan State News says that the words
"MSC" and "Michigan State College" will no
longer be used in the student publication. The
editors undoubtedly feel that in refusing to use
the name "college",.they will lead the legislators
to give them the name "university." Their aim
is admirable, their approach rather naive. By
refusing to use the word "college" now they
are solving nothing but an ego problem.
The editors of the News are further urging
that the student body in East Lansing join the
forces of fighting for the name "university"
by writing to anyone they think will write to
state's legislators. They feel that "the educa-
tional prestige of Michigan State's graduate
school is impaired and its progress handicap-
ped, and the graduates of Michigan State in
many areas are handicapped in seeking em-
ployment through those (the name) circum-
stances." The students at MSC should .realize
that the title of a school from which one gra-
duates is not the primary consideration an em-
ployer gives to someone applying for a job,
but rather the quality of whatever school one
has attended and achievement at that school.
If MSC standards do not speak for themselves,
the addition of the name "university" will in
no way help.
By PAT ROELOFS
Associate City Editor.
T HE BOARD of Regents, opposing for the
second time in a year, a proposal that the
name of Michigan State College be changed to
BE NICE TO SCIENTISTS:
Need for Atomic Secrecy
Limited to Details
WASHINGTON - Congressman
Wright Patman's Small Busi-
ness Committee is taking a careful
look at what happened to small
business in Kansas City when the
Kansas City Star cracked down
on companies that advertised with
The Congressmen are interested,
not only in what happened to the
small weekly papers such as the
Catholic Register and Johnson
County Herald which had their
advertising yanked out as a re-
sult of the Star's bulldozing, but
also the small businessman in
Kansas City who was told he
couldn't advertise in anything but
a high-priced daily.
The Star and its advertising
manager, Emil Sees, have now
been convicted criminally for vio-
lation of the antitrust act, after
Roy Roberts, publisher, was excus-
ed from facing trial on the last
court day before the trial opened.
Dismissal of the indictment
against Roberts followed the same
pattern as the recent indictments
against Texas Governor Allan
Shivers' friend, E. H. Thornton,
and Texas grain dealers just be-
fore they were to face trial on
charges of selling inedible grain
as grain fit for human consump-
tion and for cheating the U.S.
Government out of $1,700,000 in
Governor Shivers lunched with
President Eisenhower shortly be-
fore the indictments were dismiss-
ed. Roberts, an early Eisenhower
booster, had attended many of the
President's stag parties and was
a White House visitor shortly be-
fore his indictment was dismissed.
Meanwhile here are some of the
facts developed at the Kansas City
criminal trial of the Star which
the House Small Business Com-
mittee is scrutinizing:
RADIO Competition - Tom Ev-
ans, owner of KCMO Broad-
casting and of the Crown Drug
Co., testified that when he applied
to the FCC for higher radio pow-
er he was twice summoned to the
Kansas City Star by its treasurer,
"He was quite upset," testified
Evans, "that we were going ahead
with facilities for increasing pow-
er. He told me he didn't think I
had any business whatsoever in
the radio business."
After that, Evans testified, he
found that the Star carried less
and less of his radio listings until
he called on the Chairma of the
Federal Communications Commis-
sion in Washington who wrote a
letter to the Star. Thereafter KC-
MO's radio listings were published.
Later, Evans' Crown Drug Co.
Inserted a double-page ad in the
Kansas City Journal-Post, where-
upon Evans said that he was sum-
moned to the office of McCollum
who warned: "I want you to dis-
continue it"-referring to the
Evans refused. "Well, then,"
McCollum was quoted as saying,
"you cut your advertising (in the
Journal-Post) in half." McCollum
even threatened to withdraw a
double-spread in the Star given
the Crown Drug each Friday un-
less Evans complied.
Eventually the Journal-Post was
forced out of business.
RELIGIOUS newspaper competi-
tion - Another witness, H. R.
Arnoff, operator of Lullaby House,
a group of children's §tores, tes-
tified that when he inserted a
small ad in the Catholic Register
he was called down to the Star
and thereafter discontinued his
advertising in the Catholic Re-
"We didn't want to lose the
space we were getting in the.Kan-
sas City Star," Arnoff testified.
WEEKLY newspaper competi-
tion-Tom Crawford, a retired
dress shop owner, testified that he
had advertised in the Johnson
County Herald, a weekly; in the
Kansas City Kansan, then owned
by Sen. Arthur Capper; and in the
Independent, a weekly. He said he
was also spending about $125 a
week in the Kansas City Star, com-
pared with $30 or $40 a week in
the county weekly, $16 to $25 a
month in the Kansan, and $18 to
$20 a month in the Independent.
But he found that the position.
of his ads were jumped around in
the Star. When he complained, the
Star's advertising manager, Emil
"Well, Tom, if you don't start
behaving yourself it's going to get
a lot worse"
"What do you mean?" Craw-
"You've got to quit wasting your
SECRECY IS becoming a lost art. It's even
becoming difficult to keep secret for long
that things aren't being kept secret. We now
know that former Britisher Bruno Pontecorvo
has spent the last four years of his secret life
dispensing secrets to Russian scientists.
What secrecy has lost as an art, it has gain-
ed as a science, and science seems to have
gained too. Because of Pontecorvo's love for
dangerous fun and games, the science of nu-
clear devastation is 18 months to the good in
the Soviet, experts estimate.
The moral of the story seems to be that we
either give up developing new and better ways
to kill people or keep our scientists in irons.
Neither of these answers seems very likely. Our
greatest hope probably lies in keeping a favor-
able balance of trade in spies, imports exceed-
A PERFECT answer would involve an elimi-
nation of war and the turning of spies in-
to less entertaining professions. This would
also remove such hazards as Pontecorvos en-
tering the profession from an uninspiring life
as an atomic scientist.
Pontecorvo no doubt had reasons for trans-
ferring his allegiance-atomic scientists are
reportedly much underpaid. There is notreally
,much a nation can do to prevent this sort of
thifig, no matter how elaborate the security
system. In fact, the more elaborate the se-
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR,
curity system, the more inclined is the scien-
tist to imagine he isn't appreciated where he is
and to look elsewhere for opportunity.
PROBABLY THE best way to keep our sci-
entists and their knowledge, and their se-
crets, to ourselves is to make living as pleasant
as possible for them. This entails no more
than allowing them what they are entitled to,
the liberty accorded any person in this coun-
try and the compensation merited by their
Even this writer, who dislikes war, can see
the value in keeping secrets; especially atomic
ones. He even likes to believe that the extent
of our secrecy on matters atomic will determine
the probability of war. The more secret we
remain, the less likely the war. This does not
mean keeping secret the effects of atomic war-
fare, or our general preparedness, but the
technical details which only scientists can un-
THAT SECRECY is becoming a lost art is not
in general to be deplored. But it's secrecy
in matters such as atomic information that
needs to be kept. Our iTation must not let its
general distaste for secrecy obscure its duty
to keep some things secret. Nor should it let
an obsession for secrecy on these matters ob-
scure the proper way to keep it.
"Boss, Do You Want To See Government Get Ahead
Of Private Enterprise?"
Objective Study Explores,
'The Right To Counsel'
1JHE RIGHT to Counsel in American Courts by William M. Beaney
deals mainly with the fate of those who in one way or another
are not adequately represented by counsel while they are in the process
of being arraigned, tried, convicted, and jailed.
The study has little to do with the "bad man" who usually exploits
to its fullest his right to counsel. As the author points out, counsel for
the professional criminal may even be waiting at the station house or
county jail by the time the arresting officer arrives with his client.
But what of the indigent, the young, the ignorant, the frightened,
the confused? It is the problems presented by these people plus other
related problems which Dr. Beaney has set himself to answer.
His general answer is that this vital right to counsel in criminal
cases is not enjoyed as consistently and as widely in the United States
as the needs of justice would seem to require. His meticulous and
To the Editor:
WKE BELIEVE that the issue of
room and board rate increases
in the Residence Halls merits bet-
ter treatment than it received at
the hands of the IHC. As a group
well acquainted with the Residence
Halls, we feel it our duty to ex-
press our opinions.
1) We are pleased by the direct
statement of fact by the Admini-
stration on their new ideas for fi-
nancing Residence Halls and their
willingness to discuss plans for fu-
ture expansions. Since, in the past,
future expansion was financed by
bonds which would be liquidated
by the students deriving the bene-
fits of a new residence hall, we
would like some more information
as to why it is now necessary to de-
viate from this.'
2) We believe that pre-financing
of Residence Halls will cause fi-
nancial hardships on a large por-
tion of the student body. Ann Ar-
bor's cost-of-living is now among
the highest in the nation, and in-
creased Residence Hall rates will
undoubtedly cause a general rent
increase and thereby push the
cost-of-living lip even more. It is
not probable that the student body
can look forward to financial re-
lief in other areas (i.e., a Univer-
sity book store) and for many the
present cost-of-living level is the
maximum which will allow their
continued participation in this
3) We feel what the IHC has al-
ready done has consisted of too
much 'railroading' and 'politick-
ing' and that they have lost sight
of their duty to promote the wel-
fare of the students behind them.
The prestige of the IHC in the
eyes of those outside the organiza-
tion is of secondary importance to
this fundamental duty. The tack-
ing on of the 'conditions' to the
approval of the rate increase is not
worthy of IHC. Ideas, such as
these, should be an integral part of
IHC's policy for quad improvement
and not something to pull out of
the grab-bag when a major issue
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Eugene Hartwig ......Managing Editor
Dorothy Myers............City Editor
Jon Sobeloff........Editorial Director
Pat Roelofs ......Associate City Editor
comes to the front. This we feel is
not fair to the administration who,
we are sure, are willing to work out
these problems in a less emotional
All in all, we view with regret
the immature action of the' IHG
Council and Leadership.
From the members of Quadrants,
West Quad Honorary
* * *
Inconsistent Logic .
To the Editor:
THE FOLLOWING may or may
not represent my own feel-
ings; however my only purpose is
to point out what I believe to be
some inconsistencies in the logic
used concerning the recent letters
protesting the appearance of the
Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra.
First, although the past affilia-
tions of von Karajan and von
Westerman have been expounded
upon in length, no one has yet
mentioned Walter Gieseking. I do
not know whether Gieseking was
actually a member of the Nazi
Party; but he did remain in Ger-
many of his own choice and I am
sure that he performed for Hitler
no fewer concerts than did von
Karajan. Many of Gieseking's re-
cordings on Columbia records are
with von Karajan. Gieseking is
scheduled to appear here shortly
after the Berlin Philharmonic, yet
I have heard no protests concern-
ing his appearance. He did have
a great deal of difficulty when he
first came to the UnitedStates
after the war but for the most
part these difficulties have been
overcome. Also, Mr. Gieseking is
generally regarded and is more
well known as a musical "great"
than is von Karajan. I wonder if
the desire to hear a widely ac-
claimed musician takes precedence
over the self-righteousness of these
letter writers. Second, if the LYL
feels justified in protesting the
appearance of this orchestra, then
if and when the Russian State Or-
chestra appears for a tour of the
United States, I shall feel equally
justified in protesting their ap-
pearance with no squawk from
the LYL. True, Communists and
Fascists hate one another; how-
ever we sometimese tend to forget
the similarity between the two.
One police state is just like any
other police state no matter what
guise it hides behind.
-Alan Stuart Ross
* * * .
To the Editor:
THE OTHER day ADC voted to'
accept the recommendation
that board and room be upped
another $50. The extra money is
to be used to finance a new dorm.
At the same time a plan is under-
way to cram still more women in-
to the existing dorms.
Dorm fees were raised about
two years ago but the necessary
repairs in Jordan remain undone.
Nearly every sink has a leaky
stopper and between 10:15 and
10:45 p.m. the fifth floor is wat-
erless. The light fixtures are out-
dated giving us a sickly yellow to
study with in these modern days
of daylight bulbs and the like.
This is particularly acute in our
lounge and ping-pong rooms where
ancient wall fixtures and an inad-
equate supply of equally ancient
table lamps are all we have.
Many of our facilities are over-
taxed, most prominent among
these being our laundry room,
cafeteria and phones. The laun-
dry has three machines and six
or seven drying racks which made
laundry doing an ordeal for it is a
perpetual no space problem. Our
cafeteria lines last 15 minutes for
about sixty women because the
cafeteria is not set up to serve so
many people (240 in Jordan
exhaustive documentation of lit-
erally hundreds of cases, statutes,
constitutions, and other pertinent
materials shows that his findings
may be confidently used by law-
yers and laymen alike.
FROM the time of arrest to the
time of sentencing and even
through further appellate process-
es in some cases it is obvious that
many overlapping"and conflicting
issues arise. They are not merely
legal but also in a very real sense
For the concept of the right to
counsel embraces unescapably the
beginning of a series of events
which at some time during its
progress proper professionalnguid-
ance might have turned, or caused
to be deflected, towards a more
fortuitous solution. Nearly all such
cases arise from at least bad so-
cial situations. Surely everyone,
not just the courts, the bar asso-
ciations, legal aid societies and
the like, has a vital interest in
seeking the best possible disposi-
tion of these cases.
It is noteworthy with respect to
to the social significance of this
study that it shows great numbers
of criminal convictions of unde-
fended persons to be peculiarly an
urban and not a rural phenome-
Apparently rural bars generally
and for the most part adequately
take care of indigent defendants.
It is significant, therefore, that
the office of public defender-
an official having assistants aid
a clerical staff, whose duty it is to
defend indigent persons accused
of crime-is characteristic of ur-
ban areas and some of the larger
The office was first established
in Los Angeles County, California
and has spread to other urban
areas such as Cook County, Illi-
nois and to some of the larger
cities: Providence, St. Paul, St.
Louis, Tulsa, and Indianapolis.
Similar offices on a state-wide
basis now exist in California, Con-
necticut, Mississippi, Nebraska,
Virginia, and Illinois.
IN SPITE of recent improvements
which have tended to miti-
gate the worst results of trial and
conviction without benefit of
counsel, Dr. Beaney reveals the
shocking fact that even today the
rules in only some of the more
enlightened jurisdictions provide
that waiver of counsel is not pre-
sumptive of due process of law.
And it is really almost indecent
that some jurisdictions retain the
rule that a plea of guilty presumes
the waiver of right to counsel. The
fact remains, however, that .L any
Indigents arrested insist on plead-
Perhaps they seek a catharsis
similar to that sought by those
who, upon becoming overwhelm-
ed with unfamiliar or complex
situations, join a foreign legion,
marry, enter the University or,
conversely, withdraw from school.
Whereas in the case of those ac-
cused of crime, concludes Dr.
Beaney, there is no ironclad assur-
ance that they are competent to
plead guilty or to waive counsel.
Probably the best solution, if
flexibly administered, would be to
require counsel in every criminal
case. No one seems to have ser-
iously suggested, this. The study
makes it clear, however, that such
a solution is the actual result
under a public defender system in
a large city.
BUT WHAT is to be done when
a defendant insists upon his
right not to have counsel? By way
of illustration, in a case with
overtones of unexampled romance,
a defendant twenty-two years old
convicted of violating the Mann
Act where his wife was the victim
demanded counsel be dismissed.
This interesting colloquy followed.
Defendant: "I would like dis-
missal of this attorney. I'm with-
in my right." Court: "I've as-
signed him." Defendant: "I refuse
to accept him." Court: "Sit down."
If a defendant does not have
counsel the court must assume
those duties. This study maintains
it to be an "ancient myth" that a
judge can act as both judge and
advocate. In view of the long tra-
dition and practice of English
judges actively participating in
cases before them there is, of
course, greater reason to suppose
they can discharge this dual func-
tion fairly effectively. In American
practice where judges are fre-
quently mere referees the point
rests upon firmer ground.
In spite of implications which
the facts revealed in this study
might support, it is no sly encour-
agement to creeping socialism nor
clever criticism of alleged failures
of our American courts and law-
yers. It represents the best tradi-
tion of critical and objective schol-
arship in legal and political
science with the additional virtue
that it doubtless will prove use-
ful to the practicing lawyer as an
authoritative handbook on the
questions it discusses. It is there-
fore a worthy addition indeed to
the History and Political Science
Series of the University of Mich-
-Prof. William R. Leslie
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
At Architecture Aud. .... At the Michigan...
Becky Conrad .........Associate
Nan Swinehart ..... ..Associate
Hanley Gurwin ....Assoc. Spc"-*s
.. . . . . ..Associate Sports
Roz Shlimovitz....... Women's
Janet Smith Associate Women's
TITFIELD THUNDERBOLT with Stanley
Holloway, John Gregson, and Godfrey Tearle.
IN THE PAST few years British filmmakers
have found a vast market for the quaint,
little British comedy. Titfield Thunderbolt, a
1953 release, has been done in such a comedy's
The *story concerns a little English village
where pride for the local train-the Titfield
Thunderbolt, a decrepet, old-model engine-
has fostered-a kind of pseudo-provincial close-
ness among the citizens. When an announce-
ment is posted to the effect that the Titfield
Thunderbolt is to be replaced by a bus, local
citizens gather together with wounded pride,,
determined to run the engine themselves.
MOST OF the film is concerned with the dif-
ficulties which the citizens encounter, such
as losing a motor and a wheel. But the train
finally reaches its destination,
Stanley Holloway, John Gregson and God-
frey Tearle, all experienced British comedy
ONE OF the best screen farces since the
early Alec Guinness' pictures is now at the
Michigan. "Tonight's the Night" goes merrily
on its way
Filmed in its Irish locale, the assorted char-
acters, genuine Irish characters, keep the pic-
ture at an enjoyable level.
The story is concerned with a new land-
owner and his relations with the townspeople.
The industrious people (shooting and drinking)
find that their old way of life disappeared
with the death of the old landowner.
When they find they must pay off their old
debts, can no longer poach on the manor land,
and are no longer stood to any drinks at the
local pub, they decide that "someone should
murder that man."
The fumbling attempts at murder and the
various backfirings lead to one funny situation
after another. And the surroundings make for
the perfect time for the ghost to walk-"to-
night's the night."
As one of the villagers as well as all-around
John Hirtzei......Chief Photographer
Lois Pollak........Business Manager
Phil Brunskill, Assoc. Business Manager
Bill Wise .........Advertising Manager
Mary Jean Monkoski Finance Manager
Telephone No 23-24-1
The Associated Press
Michigan Press Association
Associated Collegiate Press
The Associated Press is exclusively en-
titled to the use for republication of
all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights or republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan as second class mail
matter. Published daily except Monday.
Subscription during regular school
year: by carrier, $6.50; by mail $7.50.
(Continued from Page 2)
William W. Cook Lectures on Ameri-
can Institutions, Eighth Series: "The
Politics of Industry"-Walton Hamilton
of Washington, D.C. Lecture V, "Sa-
lute to'the Emerging Economy," Thurs.,
March 3, 4:00 p.m., Room 100, Hutchins
Hall. Public invited.
Lecture sponsored by the Department
of Bacteriology. Dr. Carl-Goran Heden
of the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm,
Sweden, on "Large Scale Cultivation of
Bacteria and its Application to Some
Problems in Bacterial Physiology." Fri.,
March 4, at 4:00 p.m. in Room 1528 East
Schools of Education, Music, Natural
Resources and Public Health. Students,
who received mark of I, X, or no re-
ports' at the end of their last semester
or summer session of attendance, will
receive a grade of "E" in the course or
courses, unless this work is made up by
March 7 in the Schools of Education,
Music and Public Health. In the School
of Natural Resources the date is March
4. Students' wishing an extension of
time beyond this date in order to make
up this work, should file a petition, ad-
dressed to the appropriate official of
their school, with Room 1513 Admini-
stration Building, where it will be trans-
Philosophy 31 make-up exam Thurs.,
Mar. 3, 3:00-5:00 p.m., Room 2208 Angell
402 Interdisciplinary Seminar on the
Application of Mathematics to Social
Science will meet Thurs., March 3,
Room 3401 Mason Hall from 4:00-5:30
p.m. N. Smith will speak on "Values
and the Decision Process."
Departmental colloquium. T h u r s .,
Actuarial Seminar will meet Thurs.,
Mar. 3 at 4:00 p.m. in Room 3212. War-
ren Orloft will continue the discussion
of "Interpolation in Terms of Opera-
Seminar in Mathematical Statistics
will meet Thurs., March 3, 3:30-5:30
p.m., Room 3010 Angell Hall. Howard
Reinhardt will conclude his discussion
of Chapter 7 and Joseph Wrobleski will
begin discussion of Chapter 8 of Coch-
ran's "Sampling Techniques."
M.A. Language Examination in His-
tory. Fri., March 4, 4:14-5:15 p.m. 411
Mason Hall. Sign list in History Office.
Can bring a dictionary.
Logic seminar will meet Fri., March
4 at 4:00 p.m. In 3010 Angell Hall. Dr.
Lyndon will speak on "Tarski's Theory
of Algebraic Classes."
Biological Chemistry Seminar: "The
Hormones of the Thyroid." under the
direction of Dr. Lila Miller; Room 319
West Medical Building, Sat., March $
at 10:00 a.m.
LS&A Students: Any student with the
grade of "I", "X" or "no report" on his
record for a course taken the last pe-
riod he was in residence, must have
completed the course by Friday, March
4, or the grade will lapse to an "E".
Extensions of time beyond this date to
make up incompletes. will be 'for ex-
traordinary cases only. Such extensions
may be discussed with the appropriate
Chairman of Faculty Counselors.
Verdi's Opera, "Falstaff," will be pre-
sented by the Department of Speech
and the School of Music promptly at
8:00 p.m. in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre March 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. Ite-
comers will not be seated during the
first scene. There is no overture.